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HANDBOOK OF 
ETHNOGRAPHY 



BY 
JAMES G. LEYBURN 

Assistant Professor of the Science of Society 
in Yale University 




NEW HAVEN 
YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

LONDON . HUMPHREY MILFORD • OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

1931 



Copyright 1931 by Yale University Press 
Printed in the United States of America 



All rights reserved. This book may not be re- 
produced, in whole or in part, in any form, ex- 
cept by written permission from the publishers. 



n 



PREFACE 

In any science the study of simple factors aids in the comprehen- 
sion of the complex. Especially is this true in the study of human 
society, for modern phenomena are so complicated that they are 
all but incomprehensible except when viewed in the light of their 
evolution. Immediately upon his return to simpler societies, how- 
ever, the reader meets the names of peoples and tribes unfamiliar 
to him : he has but vague ideas as to the location of the Hottentots, 
the Veddahs, and the Yakuts ; yet the more deeply he pursues his 
studies, the more acutely he feels the needs of some vade mecum 
to tell him who these people are and where they live. 

This Handbook of Ethnography is designed not only for the 
trained ethnologist, who cannot be expected to retain in his mem- 
ory more than a fraction of the tribal names included herein, but 
for the students in allied fields — in anthropology, archaeology, the 
science of society (sociology), political science, and the like. The 
need for such a volume was felt by the author when he first began 
his studies in one of these fields and met constantly with the names 
of tribes of whose location he was either ignorant or^se but par- 
tially cognizant. He was forced continually to interrupt his read-, 
ing in order to pursue a people to its locale by the aid of footnote, 
library card, atlas, and foreign language. His plight was shared 
by his fellow students : and from this situation was born the idea 
of compiling a handbook which would enable his successors and 
his studiously inclined cousins in allied subjects to avoid his diffi- 
culties. 

Works like Frazer's The Golden Bough, Westermarck's History 
of Human Marriage, Sumner and Keller's The Science of Society, 
and Briffault's The Mothers, have entered into the common stock 
of knowledge of the cultured student of human society. Yet in each 
of these works, several thousand names of tribes and places are 
used, and it is an exceptional amateur who can read more than a 
fraction of these names with a feeling of familiarity. If he be curi- 
ous, he must pursue, like the author of this handbook, the devious 
path of footnotes and encyclopedias. 

There are located within the covers of this volume more than 
twelve thousand tribes, language groups, nations, clans, and other 
social divisions. Following the location is a reference to a map at 



CONTENTS 

Preface v 

Alphabetical list of the more important peoples of 
the world, together with their locations, and a 
comment on geographical terms commonly used in 
ethnography 1 

Table of peoples arranged under the political divi- 
sions of the world 277 

Maps 325 



NOTE 

The Roman numerals after each comment in the following 
Alphabetical List refer to the maps at the end of the volmne, 
and the letters and numerals to the specific block on the map. 
After Ahabco, for example, the IV refers to Map IV (North 
America), and N7 to the section of the map indicated by the 
key letter N and the key numeral 7. Political maps have been 
selected as being more familiar and useful to the general stu- 
dent than ethnographical maps. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 



Of the More Important Peoples of the Worlds Together 

with Their Locations ^ and a Comment on 

Geographical Terms Commonly 

Used in Ethnography 



u4ana. = Anana, 1. VI, D2,3 

Aaninena. = Iiitnnena. IV, KL6,7 

A anuhawa. = Hanahawunena. IV, 
KL6,7 

Aargau. a canton in Switzerland. 
Ill, E4 

Ahaba. On the upper Corumbiara, 
a tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D4 

Ababambo. In the Ubangi Valley, 
Africa. I, D5 

Ababco. An E Algonquian tribe or 
subtribe in Maryland. IV, N7 

Ababda. = Ahahdeh. I, F3 

Ababdeh. In the hilly district about 
-^ the frontiers of Upper Egypt 
< and Nubia, between the Red Sea 
and the Nile. I, F3 

Ababua. S of the Welle, a tribu- 
tary of the Ubangi, central 
Africa. I, E5 

Abaca. In the dense forests of 
Camarines Sur, Luzon, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Abacaxis. a tributary of the Ama- 
zon in central Brazil. VI, E3 

Abacaxis. Along the Abacaxis 
River, central Brazil. VI, E3 

Abacti. On the Madeira,' a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Abadhite. In Algeria. I, C2 

Abadzeh. A subdivision of the Cir- 
cassians. Ill, J4 

Abai. An upper branch of the Blue 
Nile, Africa. I, F4,5 

Abaja. Near the mouth of the 
Niger, Africa. I, C5 



Abaka. On the headwaters of the 
Nam Rohl, an upper branch of 
the Nile. I, E5 

Abali. S of the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Abana. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Abanga. NW (long. 28°E) of the 
Albert Nyanza and S of the 
Niam-Niam tribe, central Af- 
rica. I, E5 

Abangba. On the upper Welle, 
central Africa. I, E5 

Abangoui. In Paraguay. VI, E5 

Abanjia. On the upper Welle, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Abantu, or A-Bantu. = Banta. I, 
D-F6-9 

Abarambo. = Aharmho. I, E5 

Abarmbo. S of the Welle, central 
Africa. I, E5 

Abasekunene. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Abasembotweni. A subdivision of 
the Amafingo. I, E9 

Abashwawa. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Abate. The Juku name for the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Ab at embu. = Amatemhn. I, E9 

Abator. A subdivision of the Sa- 
moyed. II, 12 

Abatua. = Ahatwa. I, E8 

Abatwa. An Amaxosa name for 
the Bushmen. I, E8 

Abaw. In S Nigeria. I, C5 



Ahaya 



2 



Ahaya. S of the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle^ cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Abbakah. A subdivision of the 
Mittu. I, F5 

Abbatotine. A Nahane Indian tribe 
in Yukon Territory. IV, F4 

Abbitibbe. S of James Bay, Canada. 
IV, N5 

Abeica. Formerly on the Tombig- 
bee River, W Alabama. IV, M7 

Abeliforo. S of the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

AbenahL = Abnaki. IV, 0P6 

Abenaqui. = Ahnaki. IV, 0P6 

Abeokuta. a town in Yoruba, 
Slave Coast, W Africa. I, C5 

Abgarris. An island NW of the 
Solomon Islands, about 4°S, 
155°E. V, F4 

Abieiba. In Panama. IV, NlO 

Abijira. = Avijera. VI, C3 

Abil. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 
II, F6 

Abipone. On the Rio Bermejo, N 
Argentina. VI, D5 

Abira. = Avijera. VI, C3 

Abisanga. S of the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Abissanga.=Ahisanga. I, E5 

Abitega. In central Peru. VI, C3,4 

Abhhasians. In the W part of the 
Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Abnalci. Originally in Maine and 
New Hampshire; now on the S 
bank of the St. Lawrence and in 
Nova Scotia. IV, OP 6 

Abo. In the W part of Cameroon, 
W Africa. I, D5 

Abombo. E of the upper Ogowe, 
W Africa. I, D6 

Abongo. = Ohongo. I, D6 

Abor. On the frontiers of Tibet 
and NE Assam, India. II, K6 

Abra. a province in NW Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 



Abrons. In NE Ivory Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Absaroka. = Crow. IV, JK6 

Absentee. In Oklahoma. IV, L7 

Absi. A subdivision of the Bed- 
ouins in N Africa. I, D3 

Abua. = Ahuan, I, C5 

Abuan. In S Nigeria. I, C5 

Abucheta. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D5 

Abu Hamed. A town on the Nile 
between the 4th and the 5th 
Cataracts. I, F4 

Abui. A subdivision of the Mege. 
I, E5 

Abukaya. N of the Kibali, an 
upper branch of the Welle, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Abulon. In the mountainous re- 
gions of Zambales, Luzon, Phil- 
ippine Islands. V, C2 

Abunda. In Angola, Africa. I, D7 

Abung. = Oxang Abung. V, A4 

Abu-Rof. On the bank of the lower 
course of the Blue Nile, Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan. I, F4 

Abu-Sarib. In Darfur, Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan. I, E4 

Abuyo. A subdivision of the 
Dinka. I, F5 

Abwoin. Chippewa name for the 
Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Abydos. (1) Ancient town in 
Egypt, E of the Libyan Desert. 
I, F3. (2) Ruins in Turkey, E 
of the Dardanelles. II, D4 

Abyssinia. A country in E Africa; 
350,000 sq.mi. Also called 
Ethiopia. I, FG4,5 

Abyssinians. In Abyssinia. I, FG 
4,5 

Acanayuto. In Santa Marta prov- 
ince, Colombia, VI, Cl 

AcARNANiA. An ancient division 
of W Greece. Ill, G5 

Acaway. = Acayfoi. VI, E2 

Acawoi. Carib Indians on the 



3 



Adansi 



Demerara River, British Gui- 
ana, South America. VI, E2 
Acaxee. In Durango, Mexico. IV, 

K8 
Jcca. = Akka, 2. I, EF5,6 
J(7ca^. = Akkadians. II, F5 
Accadians. =Akk.a.diia,ns. II, F5 
AccamaL = ^a.vae, as Acawoi. VI, E 

2 
^ cco^aTCOc. =Accomac. IV, N7 
Accomac. An Indian tribe of the 
Powhatan confederacy of Vir- 
ginia and Maryland. IV, N7 
Accomach. = Kccovaac. IV, N7 
Accowoio. =^Kcawo\. VI, E2 
Accra. On the Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 
AcHAEA. An ancient country N of 
the Peloponnesus, Greece. Ill, 
G5 
Achaeans. Emigrants from the 
plains of the Danube to Achaea. 
Ill, G5 
Achagua. On the Muco, an upper 
branch of the Orinoco, Colom- 
bia. VI, D2 
AcHAiA, = Achaea. Ill, G5 
Achango. In French Equatorial 

Africa. I, D6 
Achasta. = Humsen. IV, H7 
Achawa. Manganja name of the 
Wayao. I, F7 

ACHEEN. = ACHIN. II, K8 

Achenese. = Achinese. II, K8 

Achera. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kikuyu. I, F6 

Achetva. In Nyasaland Protector- 
ate, E Africa. I, F7 

AcM. In E Guatemala; now ex- 
tinct. IV, M9,10 

Achikunda. In Nyasaland Protec- 
torate, E Africa. I, F7 

AcHiN. [Dutch Atjeh.] Native 
kingdom in N Sumatra, and out- 
post province of the Dutch East 
Indies. II, KB 

Achinese. Inhabitants of Achin, 
NW Sumatra. II, KS 



Achipeta. = Maravi. I, F6,7 
Achoary. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 

D3 
Acholi. On the headwaters of the 

Nile, NE of Albert Nyanza. I, 

F5 
Achomawi. A subdivision of the 

Palaik; now nearly extinct. IV, 

H6 
Achuale. A subdivision of the Ji- 

varo. VI, C3 
AciLisENE. An Armenian town 

mentioned by Strabo. II, F5 
Acocesarv. W of the Colorado 

River, Texas. IV, L7,8 
^coZ^Maw^. = Tezcucans. IV, L9 
AcoMA. A pueblo in New Mexico 

occupied by the Acoma. IV, K7 
Acoma. An Indian tribe of the 

Keresan family in New Mexico. 

IV, K7 
Acre. (1) Ancient Ptolemais, a 

seaport city in Syria. II, E5. 

(2) Territory of Brazil, SW of 

Amazonas. VI, C3 
Acroa. Near the Tocantins River, 

Brazil. VI, F4 
Adae. = AAai. IV, L8 
Adai. An Indian tribe of the 

Caddo confederacy, Louisiana. 

IV, L7,8 
Adai2e. = Adai. IV, L8 
^ c?aZ. = Danakil. I, G4 
Adamawa. Region in Nigeria and 

Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 
Adampe. On the Slave Coast, W 

Africa. I, C5 
Adana, Former Turkish vilayet in 

Asia Minor, II, E 5 
Adane. In Ilocos Norte, NW Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 
Adang. = Adane. V, C2 
Adangino. = Adant. V, C2 
Adangta. = Adaixe.. V, C2 
Adanite.= Adane.. V, C2 
Adansi. A Tshi-speaking people 



Addle-Head 



4: 



on the Gold Coast, W Africa. I, 
B5 

Addle-Head. = Mtnomim. lY , M6 

Adee. = Ad!xi. lY, L8 

Adelaide. A river in North Aus- 
tralia. V, D5 

Aden. (1) Fortified seaport and 
territory in SW Arabia. II, F7. 
(2) Gulf of. Between the S 
coast of Arabia and the Somali 
coast. II, F7 

Aderbaijani. In Azerbaijan, on 
the Caspian Sea. 11, F4 

Adighe. The native name of the 
Circassians. Ill, J4 

A dirondac. = Adirondack. IV, 06 

Adirondack. The Algonquian In- 
dian tribes in 'New York and 
along the St. Lawrence. IV, 06 

Adit. On the Kapuas River in the 
W part of Dutch Borneo. V, B4 

Adite. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 

II, F6 

Adii/ah. = 'B\ihi. I, C5 

Admiralty Islands. In Mela- 
nesia, NE of New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Adole. On the Orinoco, Vene- 
zuela; destroyed by the Caribs 
in 1684. VI, D2 

Adoria. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Adrar. (1) Mountainous region 
in W Sahara. I, A3. (2) Moun- 
tainous region in the central 
Sahara, NE of Timbuktu. I, 
BC4, 

Adria. Town in Rovigo, NE Italy. 

III, F4 

Adriatic Sea. An inland body of 
water to the E of the Italian 
peninsula, 500 miles long. Ill, 
F4 

Aduma. In the basin of the Ogowe 
River, French Equatorial Af- 
rica. I, D6 

Adya. A tribe of the W Kredy, 



Bahr-el-Ghazal, Anglo-Egyp- 
tian Sudan. I, E5 

Aegades, or Aegates. A group of 
islands off W Sicily. Ill, F5 

Aegean Sea. An inland body of 
water to the E of Greece and 
the W of Asia Minor, 400 miles 
long, 200 miles broad. Ill, G4,5 

Aegina. Town and island in E 
Greece, in the Gulf of Aegina. 
Ill, G5 

Aegospotami. a river and town in 
ancient Thrace, in the Cher- 
sonese. Ill, G4 

Aeolis. An ancient country in NW 
Asia Minor. II, D5 

Aeta. Aboriginal tribes living scat- 
tered among the Malay popu- 
lation in various parts of Luzon, 
Alabat, Corregidor, Tablas, Pa- 
nay, Negros, Cebu, NE Min- 
danao, and Palawan, in the Phil- 
ippine Islands. They were called 
Negrillos by the old Spaniards, 
and are named Negritos collec- 
tively with the Andamanese, 
Semang, etc. ; sometimes the 
latter name is confined to them 
only. V, BC2,3 

Aetolia. An ancient district in W 
Greece. Ill, G5 

Afao. In N Nigeria. I, C4 

J/ar. = Danakil. I, G4 

Afarva. In N Nigeria. I, C4 

Afer. = Danakil. I, G4 

Aferkenen. - Farkana. I, D4 

^^. = Akka. I, E5 

Afghanistan. Country to the NW 
of India; 245,000 sq.mi. II, H5 

Afghans. In the greater part of 
Afghanistan. II, H5 

Afiffi. W of the Albert Nyanza, 
central Africa. I, EF5 

Aflao. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Africa. A continent SW of Asia; 
4,970 miles long, 4,700 miles 
broad; 11,608,000 sq.mi. I 



Aguionda 



Afridi. The Haparytae of Herodo- 
tus; they originally occupied 
the whole of the Safed Koh 
range and adjacent country in 
Afghanistan. II, 15 

Afshar. An invading horde from 
the NW province of Persia. II, 
F5 

Afudu. On the upper Binue, an 
affluent of the Niger, Africa. I, 
C5 

Afufuya. a tovra in the D'Entre- 
casteaux Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F5 

Agahunda. A tribe of the Akka. I, 
E5 

Agace. In Paraguay. VI, E5 

Agachiko. A subdivision of the 
Wakikuyu. I, F6 

Agades. a town (oasis) in the 
Sahara Desert. I, C4 

Agapica. A subdivision of the Ji- 
varo. VI, C3 

Agar. W of the middle Bahr-el- 
Jebel, the upper part of the 
Nile, and E of the Bongo and 
Mittu tribes. I, F5 

Agarari. On the banks of the Rio 
Branco, a tributary of the Rio 
Negro, Brazil. VI, D2 

Agariya. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI 5 

Agathigia. A subdivision of the 
Wakikuyu. I, F6 

Agathyrsi. People in the Carpa- 
thian Mountains, in Rumania, 
Czechoslovakia, and Poland. 
Ill, G4 

Agau. In W Abyssinia. I, F5 

Agaumeder. In Gondar district, 
Abyssinia. I, F4 

Agarvam. A name meaning "fish- 
curing [place]" by which were 
designated at least three Indian 
villages or tribes in Massachu- 
setts. IV, 06 

Agbomi. a town in Dahomey, W 
Africa. I, C5 



Agbosomi. On the Slave Coast, W 
Africa. I, C5 

Aggomiut. In North Devon and 
Ellesmere Land in the N part 
of Baffin Land. IV, MN2 

Aglemiut, or Aglemute. An Es- 
kimo tribe on the shore of Bris- 
tol Bay in SW Alaska. IV, C4 

Agni. On the Ivory Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Agona. On the Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Agot. A subdivision of the Jan- 
ghey. I, F5 

Agotine. On the Slave Coast, W 
Africa. I, C5 

^^ow. = Agau. I, F5 

Agoya. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D5 

Agra. Formerly the North-West 
Provinces; now a part of the 
United Provinces of Agra and 
Oudh, British India. II, 16 

Agramoiset. = Axxxavaoiset. Ill, H3 

Jgia. = Aeta. V, BC2,3 

Aguana. On the Marafion, N Peru. 
VI, C3 

Aguarico. An upper branch of 
the Napo, a tributary of the 
Amazon, in Ecuador. VI, C3 

Aguarico. On the Napo, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
C3 

^^Marwrna. = Aguaruna. VI, C3 

Aguaruna. On the Marafion, N 
Peru. VI, C3 

Aguas. = Omagua. VI, C3 

Aguascalientes. State in central 
Mexico. IV, K9 

Aguateca. In Guatemala. IV, MlO 

Aguayra. On the Rio Negro, N 
Brazil. VI, D3 

Aguaytya. a stream in central 
Peru. VI, C3,4. 

Aguilote. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D5 

Aguionda. The Montagnais of 
Labrador; a confederacy of 



Agul 

several peoples, and the most 
degraded of all Algonquians. 
IV, P5 

Agul. In the Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Agulhas, Cape. The most S point 
of Africa. I, D9 

Agutaino. In the island of Agu- 
taya in the Cuyos Archipelago, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Agutaya. In the Cuyos Archi- 
pelago lying between Panay 
and Palawan of the Philippine 
Islands. V, C2 

Ahahaway. = M.aLtta.soon. IV, K6 

Ahanta. On the Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Ahantchuyuk. In NW Oregon. IV, 
H6 

Ah-ch'eng. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Ah-chia. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Aheriya. In North- Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 

Aheta. = A:€ta. V, BC2,3 

AMr. In North- Western Prov- 
inces, India, II, HI 5 

Ah-k'a. In the S part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Ahkhanar. In Mongolia. II, L4 

Ah-ko. In SE Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

AM Morrah. In SE Arabia. II, 
FG6 

Ahmadzai. A subdivision of the 
Ushtarana. II, 15 

Ahnahaway. On the upper Mis- 
souri River. IV, K6 

Ahom. In the NE part of Assam, 
India. II, K6 

Ahome. A subdivision of the Ca- 
hita in NW Sinaloa, Mexico. 
IV, J8 

Ahopovo. = Avikemes. VI, D3 

Ahowsaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Ahrendahronon. N of Lake On- 



tario; absorbed by the Iroquois 
in 1649. IV, N6 

Ah-shen. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Ah-shi. In SE Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Aht. On the W coast of Vancouver 
Island, British Columbia. IV, 
G5 

Ahtena. An Athapascan tribe oc- 
cupying the basin of the Copper 
River, Alaska. IV, E4 

Ah-tu. In SE Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Ahualulco. In S Mexico. IV, L9 

Ahuishiri. A subdivision of the 
Zaparo. VI, C3 

Ahwaste. On San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Ahyato. Kiowa name for the Ara- 
paho. IV, KL6,7 

Aiawong. On the W coast of West- 
ern Australia. V, B6 

Albino. In Sinaloa and Sonora, 
W Mexico. IV, JK8 

Aichaens. A Hottentot group in 
Southwest Africa. I, D8 

Aichakamuyu. A subdivision of 
the Wakikuyu. I, F6 

Aicore. A subdivision of the 
Iquito. VI, C3 

Aienai. A subdivision of the 
Caddo. IV, L8 

Aigta. = Aeta. V, BC2,3 

^zTOoA;. = Aymak. II, H5 

Aimol. In the Naga Hills, E As- 
sam, India. II, K6 

J more. = Botocudo. VI, F4 

Ainamwanga. In E Northern 
Rhodesia. I, F7 

Aino. = Amn. II, P 4 

Ainu. In Yezzo (Hokkaido) of 
Japan, and the S part of Sa- 
khalin Island. II, P4 

Air. = AsBEN. I, C4 

Aisuari. On the Maraiion, N Peru. 
VI, C3 

Aita. = A:tia. V, BC2,3 



AkkJia 



AitheJcahuno. A subdivision of the 
Wakikuyu. I, F6 

Aivilirmiut. A Central Eskimo 
tribe on the N shores of Hud- 
son Bay^ from Chesterfield In- 
let to Fox Channel. IV, M3 

Aix-la-Chapelle. Town (called 
Aachen in Germany) in Rhen- 
ish Prussia. Ill, E3 

Aja. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Ajak. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, F5 

Ajama. = 'Wajao. I, F7 

Aj Dervisch. A subdivision of the 
Goklen. II, G5 

Ajeta. = Acta. V, BC2,3 

AjL In Somaliland, Africa. I, G4, 
5 

Ajmer-Merwara. a province in 
Rajputana, British India. II, 
16 

Ajumba. A Mpongwe-speaking 
tribe, the parent stem of the 
Mpongwe; on the W side of 
Lake Ayzingo, Gabun, W Af- 
rica. I, D6 

Aka. On the boundary of E Bhu- 
tan and N Assam, India, II, K6 

Aka-Balarva. A subdivision of the 
Andamanese, on Havelock and 
Henry Lawrence Islands. II, 
K7 

Aka-Bojig-Yab. A subdivision of 
the Andamanese, on Middle An- 
daman. II, K7 

Aka~Chariar. A subdivision of the 
Andamanese, on North Anda- 
man. II, K7 

Akahle. On the upper Welle, a 
tributary of the Ubangi, central 
Africa. I, E5 

Aka-Jaro. A subdivision of the 
Andamanese, on North Anda- 
man. II, K7 

Aka-Kede. A subdivision of the 
Andamanese, on Middle Anda- 
man. II, K7 



Aka-Kol. A subdivision of the An- 
damanese, on Middle Andaman. 
II, K7 

Akama. Native name for the 
Kama. I, D6 

Akamba, or A-Kamba. S of the 
upper Tana River in the SE 
part of Kenya ; = Wakamba. I, 
F6 

Akattu Charna Nayar. A subdi- 
vision of the Nayar. II, 17 

Akavai. = Acaiwoi. VI, E2 

Akawai. = Acarwoi. VI, E2 

Aka-Yerewa. A collective name for 
the Aka-Chariar, Aka-Jaro, and 
Aka-Kede, in North and Middle 
Andaman. II, K7 

Akbail. = lLahj\G. I, C2 

Akbet. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 
II, H4.,5 

Akeshemaden. A subdivision of 
the Imghad. I, C4 

Akha. In the S part of Burma. 
II, K7 

Akikuyu, or A-Kikuyu. Near 
Mount Kenya, E of the Victoria 
Nyanza, Africa ; = Wakikuyu. I, 
F6 

Akim. A Tshi-speaking people on 
the Gold Coast, W Africa. I, B5 

Akioko. = K.i6ko. I, D6 

Akka. (1) In SW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6. (2) The term for Ne- 
grillos, or African Pygmies, in 
the Monbuttu country, NW of 
the Albert Nyanza, central Af- 
rica. I, E5 

Akkad. = A]s:kadians. II, F5 

Akkadians. A supposed Turanian 
people who originated the civi- 
lization whence sprang the cul- 
ture of Babylonia and Assyria; 
in Babylonia, of ancient geog- 
raphy. II, F5 

Akkha. In the Aleutian Islands of 
Alaska, except the home of the 
Unalaskans, q.v. IV, Al (in- 
set) 



Akkoa 



8 



Akkoa. = Ohongo. I, D5 

Akkra. The S or (according to 
some authors) N division of an- 
cient Babylonia. II, F5 

Akoa. = Ohongo. I, D5 

Akoklako. On the upper Columbia 
River, Washington. IV, H5,6 

Akosai-Y sufzai. On both banks of 
the Swat, a tributary of the In- 
dus, India. II, l5 

Akpafu. In Togoland, W Africa. 
I, C5 

Akra. On the Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Akramoiset. >= Kuramoiset. Ill, H3 

Aku. In Sierra Leone, W Africa. 
I, A5 

Akua. = Ohongo. I, D5 

.4 ^Mas. = Charente. VI, F3 

Akudnirmiut. An Eskimo tribe of 
East Baffin Land, on the shore 
of Home Bay and northward. 
IV, 03 

Akuliarmiut. An Eskimo tribe on 
North BluiF, on the S coast of 
Baffin Land. IV, 04 

y4 A; wma. = Bongo. I, E5 

Akunga. Between the Ubangi and 
the Grinbingi (one of the prin- 
cipal branches of the Shari), 
central Africa. I, D5 

Akurakura. In Old Calabar, a na- 
tive state E of the lower Niger, 
Africa. I, C5 

Akwa. = Ohongo. 1, D5 

Akwa'ala. In Lower California, 
Mexico. IV, J8 

Akwamu. A Tshi-speaking people 
on the Gold Coast, W Africa. 
I, B5 

Akrvapim. A Tshi-speaking people 
on the Gold Coast, W Africa. 
I, B5 

JZa. = Wambugu. I, F6 

Alabama. (1) A river in Ala- 
bama, 312 miles long, flowing 
into the Tombigbee River. IV, 



M7,8. (2) A state in SE United 
States. IV, M7,8 

Alabat. An island near S Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Alabona. A subdivision of the Ya- 
meo. VI, C3 

Ala-Dagh. (1) A mountain chain, 
SE Asia Minor, N of Adana. 
II, E5. (2) A mountain range, 
N Asia Minor, N of Angora. II, 
E4, (3) A mountain group in 
E Armenia. II, F4 

Alagoas. a state in NE Brazil. 
VI, G3 

Alaguete. On the W coast of Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Alaguilac. In Guatemala. IV, MlO 

Alai. Mountains in SE Turke- 
stan. II, HI4 

Alakaluf. a W island of Tierra 
del Fuego, South America. VI, 
D8 

.4ZaA;aZM/. = Alikaluf. VI, D8 

^Zamannz". = Alemanni. Ill, E4 

Aland Islands. An archipelago 
in the Gulf of Bothnia, the 
chief island of which is Aland; 
included in Finland. Ill, FG2 

Alangulo.=Yilahom.. I, FG6 

Alani. An ancient people who 
dwelt originally in the Cau- 
casus; about 375 a.d. they de- 
feated the East Goths with the 
Huns, and afterward invaded 
Gaul and Spain, but were de- 
feated by the West Goths about 
418. Ill, J4 

Alans. = Alani. Ill, J4 

Alarsk. Near Lake Baikal, Siberia. 
II, L3 

Alascha. A subdivision of the Sa- 
rik. II, H5 

Alaska. A territory of the United 
States, to the NW of Canada; 
590,884 sq.mi. IV, B-E3,4 

Alaskans. The Eskimo inhabitants 
of Alaska. IV, B-E3,4 

Alassers. In Sumatra. V, A4 



9 



Algonquin 



Alava. a province in N Spain. 

III, D4 

Alaya. In Haiti; now extinct. IV, 
09 

Alazapa. S of the lower Rio 
Grande, Mexico. IV, L8 

Albania. European state on the 
Adriatic Sea, to the NW of 
Greece, and S of Jugo-slavia; 
17,374 sq.mi. Ill, FG4 

Albanians. In Albania and S Italy 
(Basilicata, Calabria, and Sic- 
ily). Ill, FG4,,5 

Albans. An ancient people living 
near Alban Mount and Lake, 
SE of Rome. Ill, F4 

Albemarle Sound. An inland 
body of water about 60 miles 
long, in NE North Carolina. 

IV, N7 

Alberta. A province in NW Can- 
ada. IV, HJ4,5 

Albert Edward Nyanza. A lake 
in E central Africa, about 670 
sq.mi. I, E6 

Albert, Lake. In SE South Aus- 
tralia. V, D7 

Albert Nyanza. A lake in 
Uganda Protectorate, 110 miles 
long, 25 miles broad. I, F5 

Alderney. a British island in the 
English Channel. Ill, D4 

Alege. Near the mouth of the 
Niger River, W Africa. I, C5 

Alemanni. A German tribe who 
occupied Switzerland and the 
SW part of France and Ger- 
many in the third century. Ill, 
E4 

Alemtejo. a province in Portu- 
gal. Ill, D5 

Aleut. In the Aleutian Islands of 
Alaska. IV, Al (inset) 

Aleutian Islands. An archipel- 
ago stretching from Alaska to 
Siberia. IV, Al (inset) 

Aleutians. = Aleut. IV, Al (inset) 



Alexander Archipelago. In SE 
Alaska. IV, F4,5 

Alexandrina, Lake. In Southern 
Australia. V, D7 

Alfsborg. Province in SW Swe- 
den. Ill, F3 

Alfur. = AUuru. V, C3,4 

Alfure. = Alinrn. V, C3,4 

Alfuro. =AUuru. V, C3,4 

Alfuru. A name given by the Ma- 
lays indifferently to all rude 
non-Mohammedan peoples in N 
Celebes, Molucca Islands, Min- 
danao, and the adj acent islands ; 
means "wild" or "uncivilized." 
V, C3,4 

Algarve. a province in S Portu- 
gal. Ill, D5 

Algeden. In N Abyssinia. I, FG4 

Algeria. French colony in NW 
Africa, between Morocco and 
Tunis; 222,180 sq.mi. I, BC2,3 

Algic. A variation of Algique. IV, 
N6 

Algique. The early French name 
for the Algonkin. IV, N6 

Algonkin. A term applied origi- 
nally to the Weskarini, a small 
Algonquian tribe in Quebec and 
Ontario. IV, N6 

Algonquian. (Adapted from the 
name of the Algonkin tribe.) 
An Indian linguistic stock which 
formerly occupied a more ex- 
tended area than any other in 
North America. Their territory 
reached from Newfoundland to 
the Rocky Mountains, and from 
Churchill River to Pamlico 
Sound. The chief tribes in- 
cluded in the Algonquian fam- 
ily are the Abnaki, Algonkin, 
Arapaho, Blackfoot, Chippewa, 
Cree, Delaware, Menomini, Mic- 
mac, Ottawa, Shawnee, etc. IV, 
K-R5-7 

^Zgo«g'«in.=Algonkin, though some- 



Alhialumo 



10 



times used for Algonquian. IV, 
N6 

Alhialumo. The principal tribe of 
the Ubanji nation, on the Alima 
River, W Africa. I, D6 

Aliab. (1) A subdivision of the 
Beja. I, F3,4. (2) A subdivision 
of the Dinka. I, E5. (3) A sub- 
division of the Jalin. I, F4 

Alibamah. = Alihamn. IV, M7,8 

^Zi6ami. = Alibamu. IV, M7,8 

Aliba'mo. = Alihamn. IV, M7,8 

Alibamu. Formerly in Alabama. 
IV, M7,8 

Alice Springs. A telegraph sta- 
tion and village in Central Aus- 
tralia. V, D6 

Aliche. In Louisiana, about 1800. 
IV, L8 

Alieli. W of the middle Amu Daria 
in Bokhara and Transcaspian 
Province. II, H5 

Ali-Ilahi. = Laks. II, G6 

Alihuluf. At the W end of Beagle 
Channel, Tierra del Fuego. VI, 
D8 

Alima. A river in French Equa- 
torial Africa, S of the Equator, 
flowing into the Congo. I, D6 

Allaiwal. S of Kohistan, a district 
in N India. II, 15 

Allakarveah. On the Snake River, 
Idaho. IV, J6 

Allaua. In North Australia (17°S, 
134°E). V, D5 

Allca. Formerly in S Peru. VI, C4 

Allegheny Mountains. Ranges 
in Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
West Virginia, and Virginia. 
IV, N6,7 

Allouages. The Aravrak tribes in 
the Lesser Antilles. VI, Dl 

All Saints Bay. On the coast of 
Bahia, Brazil (13°S). VI, G4 

Allumette Island. In the Ot- 
tawa River, Quebec. IV, N6 

Alma-Dagh. Mountains in NW 
Syria. II, E 5 



Almahera. In the N peninsula of 
Gilolo, Molucca Islands. V, C3 

Aloa. a kingdom in S Egypt 
which remained Christian until 
the 13th century ; = Nuba. I, EF 
4> 

Alolo. In Uganda Protectorate, E 
Africa. I, F5 

Aloma. In the SE part of New 
Guinea. V, E4 

Alps. A mountain system in S cen- 
tral Europe. Ill, EF4. 

Alsace. An old German and later 
French province between the 
Rhine River and the Vosges 
Mountains. Ill, E4 

Alsea. On the Alseya River, W 
Oregon. IV, H6 

Alseya. A small river in W cen- 
tral Oregon. IV, H6 

Altabane. = Altasaive. V, C2 

Altahmo. Formerly on San Fran- 
cisco Bay, California. IV, H7 

Altaians. In the Altai Mountains, 
Mongolia. II, JK4 

Altai Mountains. In W Mon- 
golia. II, JK4 

Altasane. In the NW part of 
Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Altchin. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H 5 

^Zfe«A;m. = Algonkin. IV, N6 

Alulu. = Aluru. I, F5 

Alunda. In E Northern Rhodesia. 
I, F7 

Alungu. In Uganda Protectorate, 
E Africa. I, F5 

^Zmo.= Aluru. I, F5 

Alur. = Ahysvi. I, F5 

^Zttn. = Aluru. I, F5 

Aluru. On the NW shore of the 
Albert Nyanza, central Africa. 
I, F5 

Alwar. a native state in Rajpu- 
tana, India. II, 15,6 

Alzana. On the Ogowe River, W 
Africa. I, D6 



11 



Amaxosa 



Amahaca. On the W frontier of 
Natal, South Africa. I, E8 

Amabele. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

^mae^o«a. = Amaxosa. I, E9 

Amadeus, Lake. In North Aus- 
tralia. V, D6 

Amadi. On the upper Welle (about 
long. 27°E), central Africa. I, 
E5 

Amafingo. N of the Great Fish 
River, Cape Colony, South Af- 
rica. I, E9 

Amagcaleha. A subdivision of the 
Amaxosa. I, E9 

Amagtmge. Near the Caqueta, an 
upper branch of the Yapura, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Amahlubi. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Amajuaca. On the Ucayali, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Amakhosa. = Avaaxosa. I, E9 

^?naA:osa. = Amaxosa. I, E9 

Amahuze. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo, I, E9 

Amalek. An extinct tribe in Ara- 
bia. II, EF5 

Amalekites. An ancient tribe who 
dwelt in the country SW of the 
Dead Sea, Palestine. II, E5 

Amamati. Between the Purus and 
the Madeira, tributaries of the 
Amazon. VI, D3 

Amami. = Uam.ani. VI, C3 

Amandabele. = Matahele. I, EF8 

Amandhlambe. A subdivision of 
the Amaxosa. I, E9 

Amangale. S of the Bomokandi, 
an upper branch of the Welle, 
central Africa. I, E5 

Amangquika. A subdivision of the 
Amaxosa. I, E9 

Amangwana. Near the Caledon, 
an upper branch of the Orange 
River, South Africa. I, E8 



Amantozake. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Amatitunzela. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Amaona. A subdivision of the Ya- 
meo. VI, C3 

Amapondo. In Pondoland, in the 
E part of Cape Colony, South 
Africa. I, E9 

Amur. N of Lake Rudolph, E cen- 
tral Africa. I, F5 

Amarapa. In British Guiana, South 
America. VI, E2 

Amarar. Along the coast of the 
Red Sea from Suakin north- 
ward to Ras-Benaas. I, F3,4 

Amarelidwani. A subdivision of 
the Amafingo. I, E9 

Amariba. = AmariTpa. VI, DE2 

Amaripa. Along the Rio Branco 
in N Brazil, and in the savan- 
nas of British Guiana. VI, DE2 

Amariscoggin. In New Hampshire. 
IV, 06 

Amarizona. On the Guaviare 
River and its tributaries, E Co- 
lombia. VI, CD 2 

^TOarrar. = Amarar. I, F3,4 

Amasmasi. = Swazi. I, FS 

Amatembu. In Tembuland, in the 
E part of Cape Colony, South 
Africa. I, E9 

Amatetyeni. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Amatghilele. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C4 

Amath. In the Tarai, a region in 
N India. II, 16 

Amatonga. In Tongaland, S of 
Delagoa Bay, South Africa. I, 
F8 

Amatongaland. = Tongaland. I, 
F8 

Amaxosa, or Ama-Xosa. On the 
coast between the Bashee and 
Keiskamma rivers in the E part 
of Cape Colony, South Africa. 
I, E9 



Amazirg 



12 



Amazirg. In Morocco. I, B2 

Amazizi. A subdivision of the 
Amafingo. I, E9 

Amazonas. a state in W Brazil. 
VI, CD3 

Amazon River. The largest river 
in the world; about 3,400 miles 
long, from the Peruvian Andes 
through N Brazil to the Atlan- 
tic Ocean. VI, C-E3 

Amazons. A legendary race of 
female warriors with whom the 
Greeks repeatedly fought. Lo- 
cation unknown, 

Amazuazi. = Swazi. I, F8 

Amazulu. In Zululand, South Af- 
rica. I, F8 

Amhakonio. = Y^a.mka. I, FG6 

Ambala. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Ambarandi. S of the Bomokandi, 
an upper branch of the Welle, 
central Africa. I, E5 

Amberbaki. On the N coast of 
Dutch New Guinea. V, D4 

Ambio. = 'Bahisa. I, F7 

Amboella. W of the upper Kwando 
River, Angola. I, DE? 

Amboina. Important island of the 
Moluccas, Dutch East Indies. 
V, C4 

Ambrim. Island in the New Heb- 
rides, Melanesia. V, G5 

Ambua. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Ambure. = ^oiocuAo. VI, F4 

America, Central. The S part of 
North America, from the Pan- 
ama Isthmus to Tehuantepec 
Isthmus; mostly occupied by 
five Spanish-American repub- 
lics. IV, L-N9,10 

North. A continent in the 

W hemisphere; 8,038,000 sq.mi. 
IV 

South. A continent in the 



W hemisphere; 6,851,000 sq.mi. 
VI ^ 



American Indians. = Indians. IV 
and VI 

Americans. (l) = Indians. IV and 
VI. (2) The term is also used 
to denote the people of the 
United States. IV, H-05-8 

Amerind. A word composed of the 
first syllables of "American In- 
dian." It has found its way into 
both scientific and popular lit- 
erature. 

Amhara. a kingdom, or division, 
of Abyssinia, NW of Shoa. I, 
F4 

Amhara. A white-Ethiopian half- 
breed people of E Abyssinia. 

I, G4,5 

Amiaro. S of the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Amicway. ^^ Amikwa. IV, N6 

Amikwa. An Algonquian tribe on 
the island of Manitoulin in 
Lake Huron, and on the N 
shore of Lake Huron; now ex- 
tinct. IV, N6 

Aminungo. In E Queensland, Aus- 
tralia. V, F6 

Amis. In the E plain of Formosa. 

II, N6 

Amitormiut. An Eskimo tribe on 
the E coast of Melville Penin- 
sula, Canada. IV, N3 

Ammaniu. Near the mouth of the 
Tocantins, Brazil. VI, F3 

Ammonites. A Semitic people in- 
vading Syria and Palestine about 
1350 B.C. II, E5 

Amokubio. S of the Bomokandi, 
an upper branch of the Welle, 
central Africa. I, E5 

Amorites. A (Nordic?) people in- 
vading Syria and Palestine 
about 2225 B.C. II, E5 

Amorua. On the Vichada, an up- 
per branch of the Orinoco, Co- 
lombia. VI, CD2 



13 



Andoan 



Amoshagh. The singular form of 

Imoshagh. I^ C4 
Amrab. A subdivision of the Beja. 

I, F3 

Amsterdam. A large city in Hol- 
land. Ill, E3 

Amu Daria. The ancient Oxus. A 
river about 1,450 miles long, in 
Turkestan, central Asia; it rises 
in the Pamir plateau and flows 
into the Aral Sea. II, Hl4,5 

Amulalae. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D5 

Amur. (1) A province in E Si- 
beria. II, N03,4. (2) A river in 
E Asia; length, including the 
Argun, about 2,700 miles, II, 
L-03,4 

Amurru. a former name of Cap- 
padocia, an ancient country in 
E Asia Minor. II, E5 

Amusgo. In Guerrero, Mexico. IV, 
KL9 

Ana. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Anabolegi. A subdivision of the 
Salor. II, H5 

^nac?arco. = Anadarko. IV, L8 

Anadarho. A tribe of the Caddo 
confederacy, on the Trinity and 
Brazos rivers, Texas. IV, L8 

Anadyr. A river in NE Siberia. 

II, S2 

Anaimalai. Hills in Travancore, 
S India. II, I7,8 

Anaja. On Mara jo Island at the 
mouths of the Amazon and the 
Para. VI, EF3 

Anaja2e.= Anaja. VI, EF3 

Anam. = Annam. II, L7 

Anamari. On the Madeira, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Anamaropu. In the SE part of 
New Guinea. V, E4 

Anamhe. On the Tocantins River, 
Brazil. VI, F3 

Anampel. = 'M.\i-\ia. II, L6 

Anana. (1) On the Rio Negro and 



the Rio Branco, N Brazil. VI, 
D2,3. (2) A subdivision of the 
Uaupes. VI, CD2 

Ananai. = Anana. VI, D2,3 

Anasim. A subdivision of the Bed- 
ouins in North Africa. I, E3 

Anasitch. Formerly on the S side 
of Coos Bay, Oregon. IV, H6 

Anatolia. Another name for Asia 
Minor, — a region between the 
Black Sea and the Mediter- 
ranean Sea. II, DE4,5 

Anau. a region in Turkestan. II, 
H4 

Annul. A subdivision of the Yuka- 
ghir. II, OP2 

Ancachs. a department of W cen- 
tral Peru. VI, C3,4 

Ancyra. Ruins in Turkey, near 
Angora. II, E 4 

Andalusia. An old division of S 
Spain. Ill, D5 

Andamanese. In the Andaman Is- 
lands ; they are also called Min- 
copi, and are sometimes included 
under the name Negritos, with 
the Aeta, Semang, etc. II, K7 

Andaman Islands. In the SE Bay 
of Bengal. II, K7 

Andaqui. In the SW part of Co- 
lombia. VI, C2 

Andaste. = Conesioga. IV, N6 

Anderson's Inlet. In S Victoria. 

V, E7 

Andes, Los. A territory in Argen- 
tina and Chile. VI, CD 6 

Andes Mountains. A range in W 
South America. VI, CD 3-8 

Andi. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J4 

Andi jam. A subdivision of the 
Usbeg. II, H5 

Andira. Between the upper branch- 
es of the Madeira and the Tapa- 
jos, tributaries of the Amazon. 

VI, DE3 

Andoan. On the boundaries of 



Andoas 



14> 



Tibet and Szechuan, China. II, 
L5 

Andoas. On the Maranon, Peru. 
VI, C3 

Andoharano. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Andoni. In the Oil River Coun- 
try, Nigeria, W Africa. I, C5 

Andorobo. = WandoYobho. I, F6 

Andorra. A former republican 
state on the S slope of the Pyre- 
nees. Ill, E4 

Andraivola. = Ti&herenana. I, G8 

Andreanof. One of the Aleutian 
Islands. IV, Al (inset) 

Anetos. On the upper Xingu 
River, Brazil. VI, E4 

Anfua. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Anga. In N Nigeria. I, C4 

Angaddu. On the upper Welle, a 
tributary of the Ubangi, central 
Africa. I, E5 

Angagueda. In Cauca, Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Angaite. A tribe of the Mascoi 
group, living on the right bank 
of the Paraguay, NW of Con- 
cepcion. VI, E5 

Angami. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Angami Hills. In NE Assam, 
India. II, K6 

Angari. A subdivision of the Waki- 
kuyu. I, F6 

Angka. In the N part of Assam, 
India. II, K6 

Angles. An early Teutonic tribe 
from the neighborhood of the 
district now called Angeln in 
the province of Schleswig-Hol- 
stein, N Germany, who, with the 
Saxons and Jutes, conquered 
Britain in the 5th century, a.d. 
Ill, E3 

Anglesey. An island and county 
in Wales. Ill, D3 

Anglo. = Anlo. I, C5 



Anglo-Saxons. The Low German 
tribes which conquered S and E 
England and S Scotland in the 
5th and 6th centuries. Ill, DE3 

Angmagsalik. a village on the E 
coast of Greenland. IV, T3 

Angmagsalingmiut. An Eskimo 
tribe inhabiting Angmagsalik. 
IV, T3 

Angola. Former Portuguese West 
Africa, a country on the W 
coast, S of the Congo; 484,000 
sq.mi. I, DE6,7 

Angoni. A Zulu people who moved 
northward to the W of Lake 
Nyasa. I, F7 

Angora. A province in Asia Minor ; 
also a city, the capital of Tur- 
key. II, E4,5 

Angoy. = Kakongo. I, D6 

Anguilla. a British island in the 
Leeward Islands, West Indies. 
IV, OlO (inset) 

Angulu. Near Lake Shirwa, SE of 
Lake Nyasa, Africa. I, F7 

^«^MrM. = Angulu. I, F7 

Angutera. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Anhwei. a province in E China. 
II, M5 

Aniana. On the Apoporis, a tribu- 
tary of the Yapura, SE Colom- 
bia. VI, C2 

Aniba. a small tributary of the 
middle Amazon. VI, E3 

^m6a. = Uaniba. VI, E3 

Anibali. On the Apure (an affluent 
of the Orinoco), W Venezuela. 
VI, D2 

Anicore. On the Rio Negro, a 
tributary of the Amazon; now 
extinct, or nearly so. VI, D3 

Anjang. In N Cameroon ; = Ban- 
yang.'' I, D5 

Anjou. a former province in NW 
France. Ill, DE4 

Anka Miri. The Assamese name 
for the Tenae, given them be- 



15 

cause of their habit of tattooing 
their faces; in N Assam, India. 
II, K6 

Ankole. a region in Uganda Pro- 
tectorate, E Africa. I, F5 

An-ko-me-num. = Salishan Flat- 
heads. IV, HJ5,6 

Anlo. E of the lower Volta River, 
W Africa. I, C5 

Anlygmiut, or Anlygmute. An 
Eskimo tribe in E Alaska. IV, 
E3 

Annam. a kingdom in Indo-China, 
under French protection; about 
61,718 sq.mi. II, L7 

Annamese. On the E coasts of 
Annam. II, L7 

Annamites. = Anaam.ese. II, L7 

Annesley Bay. An inlet of the 
Red Sea in Eritrea. I, F4! 

^non.^. = Lu-tze. II, K5,6 

Anoog. = L,u-tze. II, K5,6 

An-ou Domni. The native name of 
the Yukaghir. II, 0-Q2 

Ansairee. = Ansarijeh.. II, E5 

Ansariyeh. In the province of 
Antioch, Asia Minor. II, E 5 

An-shun Miao. In SW Kuichau, 
China. II, L5 

Anskowini. A subdivision of the 
Cheyenne. IV, K6 

Antagaima. In the SW part of 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Antaiva. On the E coasts of Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

Antanandro. In W Madagascar. I, 
G7,8 

Antankara. A subdivision of the 
Sakalava. I, G7,8 

Antarava. = Zafin Ibrahima. I, G8 

Antaray. On the SE coasts of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Anteva. = Antaiva. I, G7,8 

Anti. = Campa. VI, C3,4 

Anticosti. An island in the prov- 
ince of Quebec, in the St. Law- 
rence estuary. IV, P5 

Antigua. An island, and with Bar- 



Anzique 

buda and Redonda, a presi- 
dency, in the Leeward Islands 
colony, British West Indies. IV, 
OlO (inset) 

Anti-Libanus. a mountain range, 
E of the Lebanon range, Pales- 
tine. II, E 5 

Antilles. Two groups (Greater 
and Lesser Antilles) of islands 
in the Atlantic Ocean and the 
Caribbean Sea, between North 
and South America. These 
groups include Cuba, Haiti, 
Porto Rico, etc. IV, N09-11; 
VI, Dl 

Antioquia. a department of NW 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Antipa. A subdivision of the Ji- 
varo. VI, C3 

Antipodes. (1) The regions on the 
diametrically opposite side of the 
earth. (2) A group of rocky is- 
lands 458 miles SE of New 
Zealand. V, J9 

Anti-Taurus. A mountain range 
in E Asia Minor, NE of the 
Taurus. II, E5 

Antofagasta. a province and city 
in N Chile. VI, CD5 

Anto-Suyu. One of the four im- 
perial provinces of the Inca Em- 
pire, Peru. VI, C4< 

Anula. On the Mc Arthur River, 
and N of the Binbinga tribe. 
North Australia. V, D5 

Anung. The native name of the 
Lu-tze. II, K5,6 

Anvik. a tributary of the lower 
Yukon, Alaska. IV, C4 

Anyanj a. = Any asa. I, F7 

Anyasa. South of Lake Nyasa, E 
Africa. I, F7 

Anzichi. = Anziqat. I, DE5,6 

Anzigue. == Anziqae. I, DE5,6 

Anzique. In the 16th century on 
the lower Congo, but at the pres- 
ent day in the forests of the 
upper Congo region. I, DE5,6 



Ao 



16 



Ao. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Aogez. On the lower Tocantins, 
Brazil. VI, F3 

Aongla. = Kn\o. 1, C5 

Aonih. = Onsi. VI, D8 

Apache. A number of nomadic 
tribes of New Mexico and Ari- 
zona, forming the most south- 
erly group of the Athapascan 
family. IV, JK7 

Apache-Mohave. = Yavapai. IV, J7 

Apalachee. Indians of Musklio- 
gean stock, formerly on Apa- 
lachee Bay, Florida. IV, M8 

Apalai. A Carib tribe in Brazilian 
Guiana proper, on the Paru 
River. VI, E2 

Apama. On the Paru, a tributary 
of the lower Amazon. VI, D2,3 

Apayao. In the NW part of Ca- 
gayan, and the adjoining por- 
tions of Ilocos Norte and Abra, 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Apayo. = Apayao. V, C2 

Apenari. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Apennines. A mountain chain in 
central Italy. Ill, F4< 

Apera. On the lower Amazon. VI, 
E3 

Apfuru. A tribe of the Ubanji na- 
tion on the Alima River, W Af- 
rica. I, D6 

Aphya Kumi. On the Kaladan 
River, N Arakan, Burma. II, 
K7 

Apiaca. On the upper Tapajos, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, E3 

Apinagez. On the lower Tocan- 
tins, Brazil. VI, F3 

Apingi. S of the Ogowe River, W 
Africa. I, D6 

Apollonians. On the Ivory Coast, 
W Africa. I, B5 

Aponaria. On the Rio Negro, an 



affluent of the Amazon; nearly 

extinct. VI, D3 
Aponegi-crens. In the S part of 

Maranhao, Brazil. VI, F3 
Apono. S of the Ogowe River, W 

Africa. I, D6 
Apoporis. a tributary of the Ya- 

pura, SE Colombia. VI, CD2,3 
Appa. Former native kingdom on 

the Slave Coast, Dahomey, W 

Africa. I, C5 
Appa. The natives of Appa. I, C5 
Appalachee. = Apalachee. IV, M8 
Appalachian Mountains. Amoun- 

tain system in E North America, 

from the province of Quebec to 

N Alabama. IV, M-06-8 
Appiaca. On the headwaters of the 

Tapajos, an affluent of the Ama- 
zon. VI, E8 
Appomattoc. An Indian tribe of 

the Powhatan confederacy in 

Virginia. IV, N7 
Apsaroke. = Crow. IV, JK6 
Apulia. A compartimento in SE 

Italy. Ill, F4 
Apure. a river in Venezuela, a 

chief tributary of the Orinoco. 

VI, CD2 
Apurimac. a river between 500 

and 600 miles long, flowing 

from the Peruvian Andes to the 

Ucayali River. VI, C4 
Apurina. On the upper Purus, a 

tributary of the Amazon. VI, 

D3 
Aquaauchuque. At about 1659, in 

New Jersey; now extinct. IV, 

06 
Aquamish. A subdivision of the 

Haeltzuk. IV, G5 
Aquarico. a tributary of the up- 
per Amazon. VI, C3 
Aquitania. a Roman division of 

SW Gaul. Ill, E4 
Arabia. (1) A peninsula in SW 

Asia; 1,200,000 sq.mi. II, E-G 

5-7. (2) A. Deserta. The N 



17 



Araycu 



division of ancient Arabia. II, 
EF5,6. (3) A. Felix. The SE 
division of ancient Arabia. II, 
FG6,7. (4) A. Petraea. The 
NW division of ancient Arabia. 
II, EF5,6 

Arabian Desert. A desert in 
Egypt, E of the Nile, from 
about 22 °N to the Mediter- 
ranean Sea. I, F3 

Arabians. = Arabs. II, E-G5-7 

Arabian Sea. Between India and 
Arabia, a part of the Indian 
Ocean. II, G-I6,7 

Arahoyaju. A subdivision of the 
Tupi. VI, F3 

Arabs. In Arabia, a part of Meso- 
potamia, on the shores of the 
Red Sea, the E coast of the 
Persian Gulf, and in the N part 
of Africa. II, E-G5-7 

Arafura. In the Moluccan Archi- 
pelago, Dutch East Indies. V, 
C3,4 

Aragon. a medieval kingdom, and 
a province in NE Spain. Ill, 
DE4 

Araguagu. On the Paru, a tribu- 
tary of the lower Amazon. VI, 
E2,3 

Araguaya. A river about 1,100 
miles long, in central Brazil. 
VI, F3 

Araha. A clan in San Cristoval, 
Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 
FG4 

Araicu. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the upper Amazon. VI, D3 

Arai Maloh. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B4 

Arakan. a district in Burma. II, 
K6 

Arakan Yoma Range. Mountains 
in E Arakan, II, K6 

^raA;a%e«e. = Rakhaingtha. II, K7 

Aral Sea. An inland body of wa- 
ter in SW Siberia. II, GH4 

Aram. A Biblical country, roughly 



approximating modern Syria 
and Mesopotamia. II, EF5 

Aramaeans. Semites of the branch 
occupying Aram and neighbor- 
ing territories; more broadly, 
Semites of the branch includ- 
ing the Assyrians, Babylonians, 
Phoenicians, Hebrews, and Ca- 
naanites, as well as the Ara- 
maeans proper. II, EF5 

^ ranc?a. = Arunta. V, D5 

^raorea. = Cavina. VI, D4 

Arapaho. An important Plains 
tribe of the great Algonquian 
family, closely associated with 
the Cheyenne for a century 
past; chiefly on the headwaters 
of the Platte and Arkansas riv- 
ers. IV, KL6,7 

Arapakata. The Crow name for 
the Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Arapasso. A subdivision of the 
Uaupes. VI, CD2 

Araquize. On the Rio Negro, an 
affluent of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Arara. On the lower Madeira, and 
between that river and the Tapa- 
jos, Brazil. VI, DE3 

Araua. On the Yuruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon; see Puru- 
puru. VI, D3 

Araucan. The Spanish name for 
the Araucanians, meaning "reb- 
els." VI, C6 

Araucanians. In S Chile. VI, C6 

Araucano. = Ara\ica,uia.ns. VI, C6 

Arauna. An Arawak tribe on the 
Yuruha, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 

Aravalli Hills. A range 300 
miles long in Rajputana, India. 
II, 16 

Aravipai. In Arizona. IV, J7 

Ararva. In North Island of New 
Zealand. V, H7 

Arawak. In British Guiana and N 
Brazil. VI, DE2 

^ra2/CM. = Uaraycu. VI, D3 



Arcadia 



18 



Arcadia. A district of ancient 

Greece, in the S part (central 

Morea). Ill, G5 
Ar-chang. In the W part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 
Archangel. A government in N 

Russia. Ill, J2 
Ardibbo, Lake. In SW Abyssinia. 

I, F5 
Arecuna. Carib Indians along the 

Orinoco River, Venezuela, and 

in the savannas, British Guiana. 

VI, DE2 
Arekaina. On the Rio Negro, an 

affluent of the Amazon. VI, D3 
Arfak. On the W coast of Geel- 

vink Bay, Dutch New Guinea. 

V, D4, 
Argentina. A republic in S South 

America; 1,153,119 sq.mi. VI, 

C-E5-8 
Arginusae. Small islands S of 

Mytilene. Ill, G5 
Argippeans. Inhabitants of E 

Scythia, in SE Europe and W 

Asia. Ill, J4,5 
Argolis. Ancient district in E 

Morea, Greece. Ill, G5 
Argos. Town in SE Greece. Ill, 

G5 
Argun. A tributary of the Amur 

in Manchuria. II, MN3,4 
Argyn. On the upper Yenisei, 

Siberia. II, K3 
Arhuaco. In Sierra Nevada de 

Santa Marta, Colombia; an an- 
cient tribe whose descendants 

are the Koggaba. VI, C2 
Ari. The Turkish name for the 

Votiak. Ill, JK3 
Aricaree. = Arikara. IV, KL6 
Aricori. = Yao. VI, E2 
Aricunane. On the Madeira, an 

affluent of the Amazon. VI, D3 
Arikara. A tribe of the Caddoan 

linguistic family, on the N banks 

of the Missouri River and in the 

Dakotas. IV, KL6 



Arikemes. Near the Caripuna, 1, 
Brazil. VI, D3 

Arinagoto. In E Venezuela. VI, 
D2 

Arine. A tribe on the upper Yeni- 
sei (lat. 64°N), who are sup- 
posed to have become extinct. 
II, K3 

^rmer. = Arine. II, K3 

Arinos. a tributary of the Tapa- 
jos, Brazil. VI, E4 

Arintsi. = Arhie. II, K3 

Arinzi. = AxinG. II, K3 

Ariquipa. In the S part of Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

Arivaipa. A subdivision of the S 
Athapascan, in Arizona and 
New Mexico. IV, JK7 

Arizona. A state in SW United 
States. IV, J7 

Arka. = Aka. II, K6 

^rA;an*o. = Quapaw. IV, L7 

Arkansas. (1) A river, about 2,- 
000 miles long, rising in the 
Rocky Mountains in Colorado, 
and flowing into the Mississippi. 
IV, K-M7. (2) A state in S 
central United States. IV, LM7 

Armenia. A district in the E part 
of Asia Minor. II, F4,5 

Armenians. The Haik of Armenia. 
II, F4,5 

Armouchiquoi. Formerly, on the 
St. John River, New Brunswick, 
Canada. IV, P6 

Arnaut. The Turkish name for the 
Albanians. Ill, FG4,6 

Aro. N of Lake Rudolph, E cen- 
tral Africa. I, F5 

Aroa. Near the mouth of the To- 
cantins, Brazil. VI, F3 

Aroaqui. N of the Amazon, below 
the mouth of the Rio Negro. VI, 
E3 

Arol. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, EF5 

Aroma. In the SE part of British 
New Guinea. V, E4 



19 



Ashanti 



Aroo. = Aru Island. V^ D4 
Aroosi. On the upper Juba River^ 

Abyssinia. I, G5 
Arorae. In the Gilbert Islands, 

Micronesia. V, H3 
Arorai. One of the Gilbert Is- 
lands, Micronesia. V, H3 
Arosaguntacook. A tribe of the 

Abnaki confederacy, formerly 

in Maine. IV, 06 
Arosi. In San Cristoval, Solomon 

Islands, Melanesia. V, F4 
Arran. An island in Buteshire, 

Firth of Clyde, W Scotland. 

III, D3 

Arranda. = Arunta. V, D5 
Arrawac. = Arawak. VI, DE2 
Arrenamuse. Formerly in Texas. 

IV, L7,8 

Arrians. Hill tribes in Travancore, 

S India. II, 18 
Arrou. = Aru Island. V, D4 
Arm. On the boundaries of Tibet 

and Szechuan, China. II, L5 
Arrua. On the Purus, a tributary 

of the Amazon in W Brazil. VI, 

D3 
Arruague. = Arawak. VI, DE2 
Arshte. = K.arahvlak. Ill, J4 
Artega. E of the Atabara, a tribu- 
tary of the middle Nile. I, F4 
Artsmilsh. A collective name for 

several tribes on Shoalwater 

Bay and the Willapa River, 

Washington. IV, H6 
Aru Island. In the Dutch East 

Indies, SW of New Guinea. V, 

D4 
Aruac. On the Paramo River, N 

Colombia. VI, C2 
Aruan. In the island of Marajo at 

the delta of the Amazon; they 

became extinct not long ago. 

VI, EF3 
AruaquL = Aroa(\m.. VI, E3 
Aruba. An island off the coast of 

Venezuela. VI, Dl 
Aruhaqui. = Aroaqai. VI, E3 



Aruna. On the Yuruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Arung. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Arunta. On the upper Finke 
River, North Australia. V, D5 

Arupareca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Aruwimi. a river in E Belgian 
Congo, flowing to the Congo 
River. I, E5 

Arwaka-^Aravfak. VI, DE2 

Aryan. A name for a linguistic 
family inhabiting nearly the 
whole of Europe (except N 
Russia, Hungary, and Turkey), 
and SW Asia from Persia to 
India; of which the chief di- 
visions are Afghans, English, 
French, Germans, Greeks, Hin- 
dus, Italians, Letts, Norwe- 
gians, Persians, Poles, Russians, 
Scotch, Spaniards, Swedes, etc. 
The Aryans proper were of two 
branches, one of which early 
occupied the Iranian plateau, 
the other entering India, where 
they conquered and amalga- 
mated with the primitive in- 
habitants. II and III 

Asaha. Along the Niger River, W 
Africa. I, C4,5 

Asabo. In Abyssinia. I, FG4,5 

^*a&*. = Asaba. I, C4,5 

Asahan. In Sumatra. V, A3,4 

AsBEN. A native kingdom, in the 
Military Territory of the Niger, 
French West Africa. I, C4 

Asenga. = Basenga. I, F7 

As gar. In the central part of the 
Sahara. I, C3 

Asha. The Somali proper. I, C4,5 

Ashango. S of the Ogowe River, 
W Africa. I, D6 

Ashangui. = Ashango. I, D6 

Ashantee. = Ashanti. I, B5 

Ashanti. A Tshi-speaking people 
in Ashanti, a kingdom which 



Ashikuya 

lies N of the Gold Coast, W 

Africa. I, B5 
Ashikuya. On the lower Congo. I, 

D6 
Ashira. S of the Ogowe River, W 

Africa. I, D6 
Ashluslay. In the Gran Chaco, 

South America. VI, D4,5 
Ashochimi. In NW California. 

IV, H6 
Ashraf. E of the Atbara, a tribu- 
tary of the Middle Nile. I, F4i 
Asia. The largest continent, E of 

Europe; 17,040,000 sq.mi. II 
Asia Minor. A region in W Asia, 

bordering on the Black Sea and 

the Mediterranean Sea. II, D— 

F4,5 
Asinihoin. = Kssmiboin. IV, JK5 
Asmi. The singular form of Ana- 

sim. I, E3 
Asopus River. In E Greece, N of 

Athens. Ill, G5 
Assa-Imara. A subdivision of the 

Danakil. I, G4 
Assam. A province in NE India, 

adjoining Burma and Bhutan. 

II, K6 
Assamese, = Ahonx. II, K6 
Assan. S of the Angara, a tribu- 
tary of the Yenisei. II, K3 
^**aorfa. = Assaworta. I, FG4< 
Assaworta. In N Abyssinia. I, F 

G4 
As sin. A Tshi-speaking people on 

the Gold Coast, W Africa. I, B5 
Assinai. In central Texas. IV, L7,8 
^**mee. = Assinians. I, B5 
Assinians. On the Ivory Coast, W 

Africa. I, B5 
AssiNiBoiA. A former district, nov? 

in Saskatchev^an, Canada. IV, 

JK5 
Assinihoin. A large Siouan tribe 

in Assiniboia, Canada, and a 

part of Montana. IV, JK5 
AssiouT. A town on the Nile, 

Egypt. I, F3 



20 

Assiri. In Kordofan, Anglo-Egyp- 
tian Sudan. I, EF4 

Assisi. A town in Umbria, Italy. 
Ill, F4 

Assouan. = Aswan. I, F3 

Assyria. A great ancient empire 
in W Asia. II, F5 

Astrakhan. A government in SE 
Russia. Ill, J4 

Astrolabe Bay. In NE New 
Guinea. V, E4 

AsTURiAS. An ancient division of 
NW Spain; now Oveido prov- 
ince. Ill, D4 

Asuncion. The capital of Para- 
guay. VI, E5 

Aswan. A town on the Nile near 
the First Cataract. I, F3 

Ata. (1) A tribe of unknown ori- 
gin who occupy the headwaters 
of the rivers Davas, Tuganay, 
and Libaganum, in Mindanao 
of the Philippine Islands, their 
country extending to the E por- 
tion of the Province of Misamis 
in the same island. Not to be 
confused with the Aeta. V, C3. 
(2) A mixed tribe of Bicols and 
Negritos inhabiting Camarines 
Sur, Luzon, Philippine Islands. 

V, C2. (3) = Aeta. V, BC2,3 
Ataa.^Kta, 1. V, C3 

Atahay. A subdivision of the Yo- 

mut. II, G4 
Atacama. a province in N Chile. 

VI, CDS 

Atacameno. In the valley of the 
Los River, N Chile. VI, CDS 

Ataguate. On the Maranon, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Jfaz. = Adai. IV, L8 

Ataiyal. In the mountainous re- 
gion of Formosa. II, N6 

Ataklu. On the Slave Coast, W 
Africa. I, CS 

Atal. = Yukaghiv. II, 0-Q2 



21 

Atalala. On the Rio Vermejo, N 
Argentina. VI, DE5 

Ataronch-ronon. On the N shore 
of Lake Huron, Canada, in 
1624. IV, N6 

Atavara. In Portuguese East Af- 
rica. I, F7,8 

Atbara. a river about 500 miles 
long, in NE Africa, flowing 
from Abyssinia through Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan to the Nile 
River. I, F4 

Atchin. = Achinese. II, K8 

Atchmayli. A subdivision of the 
Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Atchwabo. N of the delta of the 
Zambesi, Portuguese East Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Ate. A name given by the Tag- 
banua of Palawan, Philippine 
Islands, to the Acta. V, BC2,3 

Ateyhah. In central Arabia, about 
25°N, 43°E. II, F6 

Atfalati. In NW Oregon. IV, H6 

Athabascan, = Athapascan. IV, G— 
L3-7 

Athabaska. (1) Former district 
in NW Canada, now in Alberta, 
Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. 
IV, J-L4,5. (2) Lake, about 
230 miles long, in Alberta and 
Saskatchewan. IV, J4. (3) Riv- 
er, about 1,000 miles long, flow- 
ing northward into Athabaska 
Lake. IV, HJ4,5 

Athapascan Family. The most 
widely distributed of all the In- 
dian linguistic families of North 
America, formerly extending 
over parts of the continent from 
the Arctic coast far into N 
Mexico, from the Pacific to 
Hudson Bay in the N, and 
from the Rio Colorado to the 
mouth of the Rio Grande in the 
S — a territory extending for 
more than 40° of latitude and 
75° of longitude. The most 



Attacapaca 

important of the Athapascan 
tribes are the Apache, Chipe- 
way, Kenai, Kutchin, Navajo, 
Taculli, etc. IV, G-L3-7 

Atharaka. Along the Tana River, 
in Kenya, E Africa. I, F6 

Atheraka. = Atharaka. I, F6 

Athiageni. A subdivision of the 
Wakikuyu. I, F6 

Atimuca. = Tivaucua. IV, N8 

Atitlan. a lake in Guatemala. 
IV, MlO 

Atjeh. = Achin. II, KB 

Atj eh. = Achinese. II, KB 

Atka. One of the two dialectic di- 
visions of the Aleut, occupying 
Andreanof, Rat, and Near Is- 
lands. IV, Al (inset) 

Atkha. =- Akkha. IV, Al (inset) 

Atlas Mountains. A system about 
1,500 miles long in NW Africa. 
I, BC2 

Atna. = Ahtena. IV, E4 

Atnah. On the Eraser River, Brit- 
ish Columbia. They are to be 
distinguished from the Atna or 
Ahtena. IV, H5 

Atonga. = ^atokga. I, E7 

Atorai. On the upper Essequibo 
River, and in the savannas of 
British Guiana. VI, E2 

Atorradi. = Atorai. VI, E2 

Atrato. a river in NW Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Atrek. a river SE of the Caspian 
Sea. II, G5 

Atsahuaca. Along Rio Madre de 
Dios, SE Peru. VI, D4 

Atsina. A branch of the Arapaho 
Indians in Montana. IV, K6 

Atsugewi. A branch of the Pit Riv- 
er Indians (of Shastan stock?). 
IV, H6 

Atta. = Acta. V, BC2,3 

Attacapa. == Attacapaca. IV, LM8 

Attacapaca. An extinct tribe in 
Louisiana. IV, LM8 



A ttakpami 

Attakpami. On the Slave Coast, 
W Africa. I, CS 

Attapulga. At about 1820, in 
Florida. IV, N8 

Attica. An ancient division and 
state of Greece, including Ath- 
ens. Ill, G5 

Atticamique. A tribe which lived 
in N Canada; destroyed in 1670 
by pestilence. IV, N05 

Attignaouentan. = Attignawantan. 

IV, N6 

Attignawantan. One of the largest 
tribes of the Huron Indian con- 
federacy; formerly on Natta- 
wasaga Bay, Ontario. IV, N6 

Attiguenongmahai. Formerly near 
Lake Huron, Canada. IV, N6 

Attingah. In Travancore, S India. 
II, IS 

Attiwandaronh. The early French 
writers' appellation of the Neu- 
tral Nation. IV, N6 

Atuai. On the Putumayo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Atuamih. In NE California. IV, 
H6 

Ature. An extinct tribe of E Co- 
lombia. VI, C2 

Aturia. In Venezuela. VI, D2 

Atwot. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, EF5 

Atxuabo. = Atcbwaho. I, F7 

Atyeh. = Achinese. II, KB 

Auanbura. On the upper Belyando 
River, E Queensland, Australia. 

V, E6 

^Mcawo. = Araucanians. VI, C6 
^Mca*. = Araucanians. VI, C6 
Auckland. Provincial district and 
city. North Island, New Zea- 
land. V, H7 
AuDE. River and department in S 
France (chief city of the de- 
partment is Carcassonne). Ill, 
E4 
Aueto. At the headwaters of the 



22 

Xingu, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon. VI, E4 

Augnia Domb. A subdivision of 
the Domb. II, 17 

Aujila. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

Auk. A subdivision of the Tlinkit. 
IV, F4 

Aulad Soliman. In Tripoli. I, D2 

AuUntac. Formerly in California. 
IV, H7 

AuLis. An ancient town in Attica, 
Greece; now Vathy. Ill, G5 

AuLLAGAs. A lake in SW Bolivia. 
VI, D4 

Auminie. In South Australia. V, 
D7 

Aup. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3 

Auramoiset. On both sides of the 
Neva River, Russia. Ill, H3 

AuRES Mountains. In Algeria. I, 
C2 

Aurora Island. In the New Heb- 
rides, Melanesia. V, G5 

Australasia. An arbitrary divi- 
sion of the globe in Oceania, 
between the Equator and lat. 
47 °S. V, A-F4-8 

Australia. An island continent 
between the Indian and Pacii5c 
oceans; 2,948,366 sq.mi. V, B- 
F5-8 

Australians. A collective name for 
the aboriginal tribes of Aus- 
tralia. V, B-F5-8 

Austral Islands. In SE Poly- 
nesia. V, M6 

AusTRAsiA. The E dominions of 
the Merovingian Franks, merged 
in Charlemagne's empire. Ill, 
E4 

Austria. Country in central Eu- 
rope; 32,352 sq.mi. Ill, F4 

Austria-Hungary. Former em- 
pire in S central Europe; 261,- 
027 sq.mi. Ill, FG3,4 



23 



Ayahuca 



AuvERGNE. Mountains in S cen- 
tral France. Ill, E4 

Auxira. = Avijera. VI, C3 

Avadzuheh. A tribe of Akka, 2. 
I, E5 

Avagowumha. A tribe of Akka, 2. 
I, E5 

A vane. On the middle Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Avaneni. On the Guainia River, 
E Colombia. VI, D2 

Avar. A people of Mongolia who 
appeared on the Danube about 
355 A.D., and settled in Dacia 
(a province of the Roman Em- 
pire, lying between the Danube 
and the Carpathian Mountains). 
They were for some time very 
powerful, but were finally sub- 
dued by Charlemagne about 796. 
Ill, G4 

Avaradrano. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Avarigoto. In the plain of the 
Orinoco, Venezuela. VI, D2 

Avars. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J 4 

Avavares. A former tribe of Texas, 
possibly Caddoan, in the in- 
terior. IV, L8 

Avejeli. Near the mouth of the 
Nepoko, a branch of the Aru- 
wimi (a tributary of the Congo), 
central Africa. I, E5 

Avekvom. = Awekwova. I, B5 
Avenor. On the Slave Coast, W 

Africa. I, C5 
Avesta-people. Those people who 
believed in the Avesta, the sa- 
cred book of the ancient Per- 
sians. II, F-H5,6 
Avigira. = Avijeva. VI, C3 
Aviia. S of the Ogowe, W Africa. 

I, D6 
Avijera. On the S bank of the 
Napo, an upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 



Avikom. = J achs. I, B5 

AvocA. A stream in NW Victoria. 

V, E7 
Aruahahal. On the coast S of the 

mouth of the Hunter River, 

New South Wales. V, E7 
Awadiyeli. On the middle Nile 

(about 17°N). I, F3 
AwAJi. An island of Japan be- 
tween Honshu and Shikoku. II, 

05 
Awaha. Between the Ubangi and 

the Grinbingi (a tributary of the 

Shari), central Africa. I, D5 
Arva Kumi. On the Kaladan River, 

N Arakan, Burma. II, K6 
A wan. A subdivision of the Dinka. 

I, EF5 
Awani. In central California. IV, 

H7 
Awankonde. = 'Wan.goj\A.e.} I, F7 
AwATOBi. A Hopi Indian pueblo 

in NE Arizona. IV, J7 
Awa-Wanga. On the lofty plateau 

E of Lake Nyasa. I, F7 
Awehwom. The native name of the 

Jacks. I, B5 
Arvemha. Between Lake Tangan- 
yika and Lake Bangweolo 

( = Bakemba?). I, F7 
Awisa. In E Northern Rhodesia. 

I, F7 
Arviwa. In E Northern Rhodesia. 

I, F7 
Awhojurvai. A subdivision of the 

Andamanese (in Middle Anda- 
man). II, K7 
Amuna. On the Slave Coast, W 

Africa. I; C6 
AxuM. Name of Ethiopia and its 

capital in Greek times. I, FG4,5 
Ayacare. A subdivision of the 

Iquito. VI, C3 
Ayacucho. a province in S Peru. 

VI, C4 
Ayahuca. Near Quito, the capital 

of Ecuador. VI, C2,3 



Ayapai 

Ayapai. On the Tule River, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Ayarr. Between the Dinka and 
Bongo tribes, Bahr-el-Ghazal. 

I, EF5 

Ayell. ^Ajarr. I, EF5 

Ayhuttisaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Aymah. In the NW part of Af- 
ghanistan. II, H5 

Ay mar a. The modern name for the 
CoUa Indians of the S province 
of Peru. This tribe shared with 
the Quichuas the dominance in 
the Old Inca Empire. VI, C4 

Aymore, or ^^moro. = Botocudo. 
VI, F4 

Ayuli. On the Marona, an upper 
branch of the Maranon, N Peru. 
VI, C3 

Ayzingo. a lake in Gabun, W Af- 
rica. I, JQ 

As. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 

II, H4,5 



24 

Azande, or Azandeh. = Niam-Niam. 
I, E5 

Azerbaijan. Country NW of Per- 
sia, on the Caspian Sea; 40,000 
sq.mi. II, F4< 

Azgar. = Azkar. In the central Sa- 
hara Desert. I, C3 

Azimba. In Portuguese East Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Azkar. In the central Sahara Des- 
ert. I, C3 

Azores. Islands in the North At- 
lantic Ocean, W of Spain 

Azov, or Azof, Sea of. In S Rus- 
sia, connected with the Black 
Sea. Ill, H4 

Az-Shuma. In Eritrea, NE Africa. 
I, F4 

Aztecs. An Indian tribe which 
founded the Mexican empire 
conquered by Cortez in 1519; 
they were the Mexicans proper 
in central Mexico; formerly 
called Nahuas. IV, KL9 



JDaa. A subdivision of the Fulah. 

I, BC4 
Baahe. A subdivision of the Fulah. 

I, BC4 
Baachinena. A subdivision of the 

Arapaho ; = Nakasinena. IV, K 

L6,7 
Baama. On the lower Lomami, a 

tributary of the Congo. I, E6 
Baamha. In Uganda, E Africa. I, 

E5 
Bahaka. In British New Guinea. 

V, E4 
Babali. On the bank of the Aru- 

wimi, a tributary of the Congo. 

I, E5 
Bahanda. On the bank of the Aru- 

wimi, a tributary of the Congo. 

I, E5 
JBabaregi. The principal trading peo- 
ple on the Middle Congo. I, D5 



Bahar. On the W bank of the mid- 
dle Indus (lat. 32 °N), India. 
II, 15 

Babe. On the bank of the Aru- 
wimi, a tributary of the Congo. 
I, E5 

Bab el Mandeb. A strait uniting 
the Red Sea and the Indian 
Ocean. II, F7 

Babemba. Between Lake Tangan- 
yika and Lake Bangweolo, Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Babembe. N of the lower Congo. 
I, D6 

Babengaye. On the Sanga, a tribu- 
tary of the middle Congo. I, 
D5,6 

Babesse. On the Aruwimi, a tribu- 
tary of the Congo, I, E5 

Babhan. In Behar, NE India. II, 
J6 



25 



Baduwi 



Bahihe. On the Kuanza River^ 

Angola. I, D6,7 
Babinga. In S French Equatorial 

Africa. I, D6 
Babingbura. E of the Belyando 

River^ E Queensland, Australia. 

V, E6 
Babir. S of Lake Chad, Africa. I, 

D4 
Babira. In Uganda, E Africa. I, 

F5 
Babisa. Between Lake Nyasa and 

Lake Bangweolo, Africa. I, F7 
Babishi. In Northern Rhodesia. I, 

E7 
Babongo. The plural form of 

Obongo. I, D5 
Sa?JMa. = Ababua. I, E5 
Babuendi. N of the lower Congo. 

I, D6 
Babuhur. W of the upper Nile 

(lat. 6°N), and S of the Bongo 

tribe. I, F5 
Babuhma. On the bank of the 

Aruwimi, a tributary of the 

Congo. I, E5 
Ba&Mwa. = Wabuma. I, D6 
Babumantsu. In Basutoland, South 

Africa. I, E8,9 
Babunda. A tribe in central Af- 
rica, which migrated northward 

from the Congo. I, D5 
Babungera. The Monbuttu name 

for the Niam-Niam. I, E5 
Babma. = Ahahna. I, E5 
Babwende. Along the lower Congo. 

I, D6 

Babylon. A celebrated city, now 
in ruins, on the Euphrates Riv- 
er, about 55 miles S of Bagdad. 

II, F5 

Babylonia. An ancient kingdom 
in the region of the Euphrates. 
II, F6 
Baca^m. = Baccahiri. VI, E3 
Bacazn. = Baccahiri. VI, E3 
Bacalahari. = ^akalahari. I, E8 
Baccahiri. On the headwaters of 



the Tapajos, a tributary of the 
Amazon. VI, E3 
Bachungu. Between Lake Nyasa 
and Lake Tanganyika, Africa. 

I, F6 

Bachwa. On the upper Kwango, a 
tributary of the Kassai, in An- 
gola. I, D6 

Bachwapeng. W of the upper Lim- 
popo River (lat. 23°S), South 
Africa. I, E8 

Bactria. Modern Balkh, A prov- 
ince S of the Amu Daria and N 
of the Hindu Kush Mountains, 
Afghanistan. II, HI 5 

Bacuando. On the coast of Angola, 
Africa. I, D7 

Bacuba. A small tribe on the Mid- 
dle Congo. I, D5,6 

Bacuisso. On the coast of Angola, 
Africa. I, D7 

Bacunda. In Cameroon, S of the 
Sanaga River, Africa. I, D5 

BacMrz. = Baccahiri. VI, E3 

Badaga. In the Nilgiri Hills, S 
India. II, 17 

Badagry. a former native king- 
dom on the Slave Coast, West 
Africa. I, C5 

Badakhshi. On the N slopes of the 
Hindu Kush, Afghanistan. II, 
15 

Baden. A state in SW Germany. 
Ill, E4 

Badinga. On the Kwango, a tribu- 
tary of the Kassai, Africa. I, D6 

Badiya. A subdivision of the Gond. 

II, IJ6 

Badjeri. On the Paroo River, S 

Queensland. V, E6 
Ba(fjoA;. = Bajok. I, D5 
Bac?joo.= Bajau. V, BC3,4 
Badoej, Boc^oewi. = Baduwi. V, A 

B4 
Badulega. In Mulgrave Island, in 

Torres Strait, N of Queensland. 

V, E5 
Baduwi. In Java. V, AB4 



Badzumbo 



26 



Badzumbo. In Nigeria. I, C5 

Baele. In the N part of Darfur, 
Africa. I, E4 

Baeuna. On the Rio Negro, an 
affluent of the Amazon; now 
extinctj or nearly so. VI, D3 

Ba-fann. Plural form of Fan. I, 
CD5,6 

Bafarami. In Cameroon, W Af- 
rica. I, D5 

Bafellanchi. The singular of Fel- 
lani, the Haussa name for the 
Fulah. I, B-E4 

Baffin. (1) Bay. Between Green- 
land and the islands to the W 
of it. IV, 0P2. (2) Land. A 
large island in NE Canada. IV, 
OP3,4 

Bafindi. In Cameroon, W Africa. 

I, D5 

Bafiort. = Bakongo. I, D6 

Bafiot, Bafiote. = Bakongo. I, D6 

Bafipa. = Wa&pa.. I, F6 

Bafumhum. In Nigeria. I, C5 

Bafyot. = Bakongo. I, D6 

Baga. On the coast of French 
Guinea, W Africa. I, A4,5 

Baganda. In the Uganda Protec- 
torate, E central Africa. I, F5 

Bagandu. In S Cameroon. I, D5 

Bagangaizi. SE of the Albert 
Nyanza, Africa. I, F5 

Bag-arra. = Baggara. I, EF4 

Bagha. W of the middle Ubangi 
(about lat. 3°N), Africa. I, D5 

Bagdad. A city (the capital) of 
Mesopotamia. II, F 5 

Bagdi. In central and W Bengal. 

II, J6 

Bagelab. A subdivision of the 

Jalin. I, F4 
Bagenya. On the left bank of the 

Lualaba, the upper part of the 

Congo. I, E6 
Bageshu, Bagesu. In Uganda. I, 

F5 
Baggara. In Kordofan, a country 

W of the White Nile, and on 



the Bahr-el-Arab, an upper 
branch of the Nile; those on 
the latter river are called Bag- 
gara-el-Homer. I, EF4 
Baggara-el-Homer. See Baggara. 

I, EF4 
Baggarah. = Baggara. I, EF4 
Baghalpur. a division of Behar, 

Bengal, India. II, J6 
Baghirmi. a native kingdom SE 

of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 
Baghirmi. On the lower Shari Riv- 
er, in Baghirmi, Africa. I, D4 
Bagielli. A Negrillo tribe of Cam- 
eroon. I, D5 
Bagirmi. = Baghirmi. I, D4 
Bagirmi. = 'Baghirmi. I, D4 
Bagnon, Bagnoun. = Banyun. I, A4 
Bagnori. On the Rio Grande, 
Portuguese Guinea, W Africa. 
I, A4 
Bagnum. On the Casamanza Riv- 
er, Senegal, W Africa. I, A4 
Bagobo. At the foot of the volcano 
of Apo in Davao, Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 
Bagoe. = Baga. I, A4,5 
Bagungu. E of the Albert Ny- 
anza, central Africa. I, F5 
Bagurlii. A subdivision of the Us- 

beg. II, H4,5 
Bagrve. W of the Victoria Nyanza, 

Africa. I, F6 
Bahakosin. The Caddo name for 

the Cheyenne. IV, KL6 
Bahama Islands. British islands 
E of Florida; 4,404 sq.mi. IV, 
N08,9 
Bahau. On the Baram and Bulun- 

gan rivers, Borneo. V, B3 
Bahawalpur. a native state in 

Punjab, NW India. II, 16 
Bahia. State and city in E central 

Brazil. VI, FG4 
Bahima. In the triangle of land 
formed by the three lakes Vic- 
toria, Albert Edward, and Tan- 



m 



Bakasehele 



ganyika^ E central Africa. I, E 
F6 

i5a^iro. = Bairo, I, F6 

BahmalL On the Baram River, N 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Bahnar. In French Indo-China. 
II, L7 

Balioloholo. On the lower Congo. 
I, D6 

Bahoni. A subdivision o£ the Ba- 
huana. I, E6 

Bahrein Islands. In the Persian 
Gulf. II, G6 

Bahr el Abiad. Arabic name of 
the White Nile, Africa. I, F4 

Bahr el Arab. An upper branch 
of the Nile. I, E5 

Bahr el Azrek. Arabic name of 
the Blue Nile. I, F4. 

Bahr-el-Ghazal. Chief W afflu- 
ents of the Nile. I, E5 

Bahr el Jebel. Upper course of 
the Nile, from Albert Nyanza 
to 9°30'N. I, F6 

Bahuana. One of the principal 
peoples inhabiting the banks of 
the Kwilu, an affluent of the 
Kassai. I, D6 

Bahuma. = ^ahima. I, EF6 

Bahurutse. On the upper Notwani, 
an upper branch of the Lim- 
popo, Bechuanaland, South Af- 
rica. I, E8 

Bahutu. In Tanganyika on the W 
shore of Victoria Nyanza. I, F6 

Baibucua. On the Jurua, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Baidya. In Bengal, India. II, 3Q 

Baikal, Lake. In S Siberia; over 
13,000 sq.mi.; 4,500 ft. deep in 
the middle. II, L3 

Ba-ila. In Northern Rhodesia. I, 
E7 

Bailunda. S of the Kuanza River, 
Angola. I, D6,7 

Baimena. In Sinaloa, Mexico. IV, 
JK8 



Baining. In New Britain, Mela- 
nesia. V, F4 

Baipulbura. On the Fitzroy River, 
E Queensland, Australia. V, E6 

Bairo. Between Victoria Nyanza 
and Albert Edward Nyanza, 
Africa. I, F6 

Baiswar. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI 5 

Baitarani. a river in Orissa, 
British India, flowing 400 miles 
to the Bay of Bengal. II, J7 

Sajao. = Bajau. V, BC3,4 

Bajau. The Orang Laut (q.v.) of 
Borneo and Celebes. V, BC3,4 

Bajegegle. = Bagielli. I, D5 

Bajindir. A subdivision of the 
Goklen. II, G5 

Bajok. A tribe in central Africa, 
which migrated northward from 
the Congo. I, D5 

Baju. In Sumatra. V, A3,4 

BaJM. = Bajau. V, BC3,4 

Bakabae. On the S coast of An- 
gola. I, D7 

Bakairi. = 'Baccahiri. VI, E3 

Bakalahari. A Bechuana tribe in 
the Kalahari Desert of South 
Africa. I, E8 

Bakalai. On both sides of the low- 
er Ogowe, W Africa. I, CD6 

Bakale. = Bakalai. I, CD6 

Bakamba. On the upper Kwilu 
River in the S part of Gabun, 
W Africa. I, D6 

Bakan. W of the upper Limpopo 
River (lat. 23°S), South Af- 
rica. I, ES 

Bakanaka. In the S part of An- 
gola. I, D7 

Bakandi. SW of the Albert Ny- 
anza, central Africa. I, EF5 

Bakankala. In the Kunene Valley 
of Angola. I, D7 

Bakaonde. In Northern Rhodesia. 
I, E7 

Bakasekele. In the S part of An- 
gola. I, D7 



Bakatan 



28 



Bakatan. On the upper Rejang 

River, Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Bakatla. In Bechuanaland, South 

Africa. I, E8 
Balcedi. The Baganda and Ban- 
yoro name of the Lango. I, F5 
Bahele. = Baksi\sii. I, CD6 
Bakene. In Uganda. I, F5 
Bakerewe. = Wakuri. I, F5 
Bakete. On the middle Kassai 
(about lat. 5°S), a tributary of 
the Congo. I, DE6 
Bakhshi. A subdivision of the 

Tekki. II, GH4,5 
Bakhtian. = ^SLkhtiaYi} II, F5 
Bakhtiari. In W Persia. II, F6 
Bakisse. On the SW coast of An- 
gola. I, D7 
iBaA;zfaro. = Banyoro. I, F5 
Bakka. In Darfur, Africa. I, E4; 
Bakkehakke. In French Equa- 
torial Africa. I, D5,6 
Bakoki. In Uganda, E Africa. I, 

F5 
Bakoko. In Cameroon, W Africa. 

I, D5 
Bakola. = Bagielli. I, D5 
Bakongo. A tribe which migrated 
southward from the middle 
Congo and is now on the lower 
Congo. I, D6 
Bakonjo. On both sides of the 
upper Semliki River and to the 
W of the Albert Edward Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, EF5,6 
Bakori. In Cameroon, W Africa. 

I, D5 
Bakoroka. In S Angola. I, D7 
Baku. A government and city in 
Azerbaijan, on the W coast of 
the Caspian Sea. II, F4 
Bakuando. In S Angola. I, D7 
Bakuha. S of the Sankuru, a 
branch of the middle Kassai 
(an affluent of the Congo), Af- 
rica. I, E6 
Bakubale. In S Angola. I, D7 
Bakuena. = Bakwena. I, E8 



Bakuise. In S Angola. I, D7 
Bakulia. In Tanganyika. I, F6 
Bakuma. Between the Congo and 

the lake district of equatorial 

Africa. I, E6 
BaArwrnu. = Bakuma. I, E6 
Bakunda. In the W part of Cam- 
eroon, W Africa. I, D5 
BaA;MTCc?M. = Bakunda. I, D5 
Bakunia. On the upper Kwilu 

River in the S part of Gabun, 

W Africa. I, D6 
Bakuss. W of the Lualaba, the 

upper part of the Congo. I, E6 
Bakutu. On the middle Kassai 

(long. 19°E), a tributary of 

the Congo. I, D6 
B akutzi. = Wakuti. I, E6 
Bakwando. In Angola. I, D6,7 
Bakwena. W of the Notwani, an 

upper branch of the Limpopo 

(about lat. 24°S), Bechuana- 

land. South Africa. I, E8 
Bakwese. Along the lower Congo. 

I, D6 
Bakwili, Bakwilluh. = Bakwiri. I, 

D5 
Bakwiri. In W Cameroon, W Af- 
rica. I, D5 
Bakyika. In Uganda. I, F5 
Balabec. An island S of Palawan, 

Philippine Islands. V, B3 
Balaga. On the Rajang River, 

Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 
Balagansk. Near Lake Baikal, 

Siberia. II, LM3 
Balait. A subdivision of the Mi- 

lanau. V, B3 
Balala. In Bechuanaland, South 

Africa. I, E8 
Balali. On the right bank of the 

lower Congo (about lat. 4°S). 

I, D6 
BaZare^a. = Balantes. I, A4i 
Balantes. In Portuguese Guinea, 

W Africa. I, A4i 
Balao. The Bantu name for the 

Hottentots. I, DE8,9 



29 



Baluga 



Balau. = Ballau. V, B3 

Balarva. A subdivision of the An- 
damanese (North Andaman). 
II, K7 

JBaZawM. = Balao. I, DE8,9 

Balearic Islands. The islands of 
Majorca, Minorca, Iviza, and 
Formentera, in the Mediter- 
ranean, E of Spain. Ill, E5 

Balega. On the S shore of the Al- 
bert Nyanza, central Africa. I, 
F5 

Balegga. = Waregga. I, E6 

Balemha. In Transvaal, South Af- 
rica. I, E8 

Balempa. In Manicaland, a coun- 
try to the S of the lower Zam- 
besi, Africa. I, F7 

Balepa. = ^elemba. I, E8 

Balesse. N of the Ituri, a tribu- 
tary of the Congo, and W of the 
Albert Nyanza. I, EF5 

Balgali. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Balgu. In Western Australia, 
about 21 °S, 119°E. V, B6 

Bali. An island E of Java, in the 
Dutch East Indies. V, B4 

Bali. In grazing-land S of the 
Sanaga River, Cameroon. I, D5 

Balia. The Negrillos, or African 
pygmies, as called by the Ma- 
bodi. I, E5 

Balinese. The inhabitants of Bali. 
V, B4 

Balkans. (1) A mountain range 
in SE Europe, from Jugoslavia 
to the Black Sea. Ill, FG4.. (2) 
Peninsula in SE Europe be- 
tween the Adriatic and the 
Black Sea. Ill, FG4 

Balkash. a salt lake in SW Si- 
beria, 316 miles long. II, I4 

Balkh. = Bactria. II, HI5 

Balk-mernen. In NW Victoria, 
and S of the Wiimbaio tribe. V, 
E5 



Ballardong. In the York District 
of Western Australia. V, B7 

Ballau. A subdivision of the Sea 
Dyak. V, B3 

Ballerdokking. = Ballardong. V, B 
7 

Ballo Kai Porno. On the W coast 
of California. IV, H7 

Baloa. = Balloi. I, CD6 

Baloch. In Punjab, NW India. II, 
15 

Baloi. N of the lower Congo. I, F3 

Baloi Ukit. A subdivision of the 
Ukit. V, B3,4 

Balok. In S Anglo-Egyptian Su- 
dan (8°N, 33°E). I, F5 

Balolo. S of the great curve of the 
Congo, just on the Equator. I, 
DE5,6 

Balonda. The people of Londa, 
on the Zambesi. I, F7 

Balow. In Sarawak, Borneo. V, 
B3 

Balti. In Baltistan, N India. II, 
15 

Baltic Sea. N of Germany and 
W of Russia. Ill, FG3 

Baltistan. A division of Kashmir 
in N India. II, 15 

Balua. Along the lower Congo. I, 
D6 

Baluba. A tribe which migrated 
northward toward the middle 
Kassai, an affluent of the Congo, 
where they are known as Bashi- 
lange. I, E6 

Baluch. In Baluchistan. II, H6 

Baluchi. = Bahich. II, H6 

Baluchistan. A country in Asia 
between Afghanistan and the 
Arabian Sea, consisting of Brit- 
ish Baluchistan (a province of 
British India) and Baluchistan 
Native States; 134,638 sq.mi. 
II, H6 

Baluga. A collective name for the 
dark mixed people of Malays 
and Negritos in several parts of 



Baluk-willam 



30 



central Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. Some authors identify 
Aeta with Baluga. V, C2 

Baluk-willam. S of the Ngaruk- 
willam tribe of S Victoria. V, 
E7 

Balumbo. On the Nyanga River 
on the W coast of Gabun, W 
Africa. I, D6 

Balumhu. In Northern Rhodesia. 
I, E7 

Balun. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

Balunbangando. On the middle 
Kassai, a tributary of the Congo. 
I, D6 

Balunda. On the middle Kassai, a 
tributary of the Congo. I, D6 

Balundo. In the S part of Angola. 
I, D7 

Balundu. A Bantu tribe of S Ni- 
geria. I, C5 

Balundwe. In Northern Rhodesia. 
I, E7 

Balung. A Bantu tribe of S Ni- 
geria. I, C5 

Balung-karak-mittung. On the Ov- 
ens, an upper branch of the 
Murray, NE Victoria. V, E7 

Balungu. On Mambwe hill, S of 
Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, F6 

Bamarea. = Bambara. I, B4< 

Bamangwato. W of the middle 
Limpopo (about long. 29 °E), 
Bechuanaland, South Africa. I, 
E8 

Bamapela. A Bechuana tribe in 
the Transvaal. I, E8 

Bam&o. = Baamba. I, F3 

Bamhala. In Northern Rhodesia. 
I, E7 

Bamhalla. Along the Lovrer Congo. 
I, D6 

Bambara, or Bambarra. On the 
upper Senegal and the upper 
Niger rivers, W Africa. I, B4< 

Bambei. Near Mount Elgin, Ugan- 
da. I, F5 



Bambera. = Bambara. I, B4 

Bambiri. On the S side of the 
lower Zambesi (long. 33 °E), 
South Africa. I, F7 

Bambo. An Ila-speaking tribe in 
Northern Rhodesia. I, E7 

Bamboko. Near the Cameroon 
Mountain, Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

Bambuba. W of the Semliki River, 
which forms the outlet of the 
Albert Edward Nyanza into the 
Albert Nyanza, Africa. I, E5 

Bambute. The Negrillos, or Af- 
rican pygmies, as called in the 
Semliki forest, Belgian Congo. 
I, E5 

Bambwa. In Uganda. I, F5 

Bamon. In SE Cameroon, W Af- 
rica. I, D5 

Bamu. In British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Bamum. Native kingdom in Came- 
roon, W Africa. I, D5 

Bamum. In Bamum, Cameroon. I, 
D5 

Bana. (1) In the neighborhood of 
Lake Koko-nor, Tibet. II, K5. 
(2) In N Cameroon. I, D5 

Banaba. In the Gilbert Islands, 
Micronesia. V, H3,4< 

Banabuddu. Near Victoria Ny- 
anza, E Africa. I, F5 

Banabya. On the middle Zambesi 
(long. 27 °E), South Africa. I, 
E7 

Banack. = Bannock. IV, J6 

Banaka. (1) A subdivision of the 
Kariera tribe of Western Aus- 
tralia. V, BC6,7. (2) In Came- 
roon, W Africa. I, D5 

Banalya. On the Aruwimi, a tribu- 
tary of the Congo. I, E5 

Bananal. An island in the Ara- 
guaya River, Brazil. VI, E4 

Banande. SW of the Albert Ny- 
anza, central Africa. I, E5 



31 



Bantam 



Banano. In the W part of Angola. 

I, D6,7 

Banao. In N Luzon, Philippine 

Islands. V, C2 
Banar. In SE French Indo-China. 

II, L7 

Banaro. In former German New 

Guinea. V, E4 
Banatee. = Bannock. IV, J6 
Banayuha. On the right bank of 

the Lualaba (lat. 3°S), the up- 
per part of the Congo. I, E6 
Banda. On the White Nile, an 

upper branch of the Nile. I, 

F4. 
Bandiya. In Baluchistan. II, H6 
Bandoa. A tribe of the Akka. I, 

E5 
Bandomhe. Near the town of Ben- 

guela, Angola. I, D7 
Bandziri. Between the Ubangi 

and the Grinbingi (a tributary 

of the Shari), Africa. I, D5 
Banfera. A subdivision of the 

Naga. II, K6 
Bangala. (1) Between the Congo 

and the Ubangi. I, D5. (2) On 

the upper Kwango, a tributary 

of the Kassai, Africa. I, D6 
Bangal-Bangal. The Moro name 

for the Dulangane. V, C3 
Bangalore. A town in Mysore, S 

India. II, 17 
Bangambue. In S Angola. I, D7 
Bangangela. = Ganguella. I, D7 
Bangash. In Kohat, a district in 

the Panjab, NW India. II, 16 
Bangerang. On the Campaspe and 

the Goulburn, tributaries of the 

Murray River, Victoria. V, E7 
Bangi. N of the lower course of 

the Congo. I, D6 
Bangongo. Along the SW Congo. 

I, D6 
Bangot. In Mindanao, Philippine 

Islands. V, C3 
Banguin. N of the middle Ogowe, 

W Africa. I, D5 



Bangwaketsi. W of the Notwani, 
an upper branch of the Limpopo 
(about lat. 24°S), Bechuana- 
land, Africa. I, E8 

Bangweolo. a lake in NE North- 
ern Rhodesia. I, EF7 

Banhaneka. N of the lower Ku- 
nene River, Angola. I, D7 

Banhuna. A subdivision of the 
Uaupes. VI, D2 

Bani. a tributary of the upper 
Niger. I, B4 

Baniara District. In Papua, 
New Guinea. V, E4 

Baniva. = Maniva. VI, D2,3 

Baniwa. = Maniva. VI, D2,3 

Banjaka. = ^ajaka. I, D6 

Banjang, or B an j angi. = ^anjang. 

I, D5 

Banjara. In North- Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI6 
Banka. An island in the Dutch 

East Indies, E of Sumatra. V, 

A4i 
Banks Islands. (1) In the New 

Hebrides, Melanesia. V, G5. 

(2) To the N of Queensland, in 

Torres Strait. V, E5 
Bankumbi. On the Kunene River 

(lat. 16°S), Angola. I, D7 
Bankutu. On the middle Kassai, a 

tributary of the Congo. I, D6 
Bannar. A subdivision of the Moi. 

II, L7 

Bannock. A Shoshonean tribe in 

Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. 

IV, J6 
Bannuchi. In a part of Punjab, N 

India. II, 16 
Banoga. A now extinct Bechuana 

tribe in Bechuanaland, South 

Africa. I, E8 
Banoko. In Cameroon, W Africa. 

I, D5 
Banpar. A subdivision of the 

Naga. II, K6 
Bantam. (1) W province and 

town in Java. V, A4. (2) A 



Bantu 



32 



cape in Annam (Frencli Indo- 
China). II, L7 

Bantu. A linguistic family occupy- 
ing the greater part of Africa 
S of the Equator, except the 
domains of the Hottentot and 
Bushmen ; the chief Bantu 
tribes are Baganda, Balunda, 
Bangala, Barotse, Bashilange, 
Bateke, Bechuana, Fan, Kaffir, 
Ovaherero, Suahili, and Wan- 
yamwezi, etc. The legends and 
traditions of the Bantu peoples 
themselves invariably point to 
a N origin, and a period, not 
wholly removed from their ra- 
cial remembrance, when they 
were strangers in their present 
lands. I, D-F6-9 

Banunu. Along the lower Congo. 
I, D6 

Banuma. = Orang Benua. II, L8 

Banyai. On the right bank of the 
middle Zambesi (long. 30°E), 
Africa. I, EF7 

Banyak. An island to the W of N 
Sumatra. II, K8 

Banyamhuga. On the NW shore 
of the Albert Nyanza, central 
Africa. I, EF5 

Banyamwenge. A subdivision of 
the Batoro. I, F5,6 

Banyaneka. In the SW part of 
Angola. I, D7 

Banyang. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

Banyankole. In Uganda Protec- 
torate, E central Africa. I, F5 

Banyara. NE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F5 

Banyoro. E of the Albert Nyanza, 
central Africa. I, F5 

Banyun. At the mouth of the 
Casamanza River, W Africa. I, 
A4 

Banzanza. SW of the Albert Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, E5 

Banziri. Between the Ubangi and 



the Grinbingi (a tributary of 
the Shari), Africa. I, D5 

Baondo. On the middle Congo, 
about long. 24°E. I, E5 

Baoule. On the Ivory Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Bapedi. A Bechuana tribe in the 
Transvaal. I, E8 

Bapende. A tribe in central Af- 
rica which migrated southward 
from the Congo. I, D6 

Bapfuru. = Bangi. I, D6 

Bapindi. = Bapende. I, D6 

Bapoto. On the Tchuapa (long. 
23 °E), a tributary of the Con- 
go. I, E6 

Bapuko. In Cameroon, W Africa. 

I, D5 

Baqqara. = 'Baggar a. I, EF4 

Bara. In the interior of S Mada- 
gascar. I, GS 

Bard. An Indian tribe in Guiana, 
South America. VI, E2 

Baraba-baraba. On the upper Mur- 
ray River, New South Wales. 
V, E7 

Barabra. W of the Nile in S Up- 
per Egypt and in Nubia. I, EF4 

Barak. A river in Assam, NE 
India. II, K6 

Baraka. (1) a river flowing from 
N Eritrea to the Red Sea. I, 
F4. (2) A town in Gabun, 
French Equatorial Africa. I, C5 

Baram. a river in N Sarawak, 
Borneo. V, B3 

Barandu. a tributary of the up- 
per Indus, India. II, I5 

Baranof Island. In SE Alaska. 
IV, F4 

Barar. A subdivision of the Oraon. 

II, IJ6 

Barawan. On the Tinjar, a tribu- 
tary of the Baram, N Sarawak, 
Borneo. V, B3 

Barba. In Borgu, a native state W 
of the middle Niger, Africa. I, 
C4 



33 



Barundi 



Barhacoa. On the Patia River, SW 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Barbados. British island in the 
West Indies. VI, El 

Barbary. a region in N Africa, 
from Egypt to the Atlantic 
Ocean. I, B-E2,3 

Barbuda. An island in the An- 
tigua presidency. Leeward Is- 
lands, British West Indies. IV, 
01 (inset) 

Borfew^o. = Mayoruna. VI, C3 

Barca. Ancient Cyrenaica, a part 
of Libya, N Africa. I, E2 

Barcelona. A province and city 
in NE Spain. Ill, E4 

Barcoo. a river in South Aus- 
tralia. V, D7 

Bare. = Barre. VI, D3 

Barea. The Abyssinian name of 
the Base, meaning "slave." I, 
FG4 

Barga. In central India. II, IJ6 

Barguzin. Near Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, K3 

Bari. On the banks of the upper 
Nile (about lat. 5°N). I, F5 

Bariba. = Barba. I, 04 

Barin. In Mongolia. II, LM4 

Barindi. Along the lower Congo. 
I, D6 

Baringo, Lake. A small lake in 
Kenya, E Africa. I, F5 

Barito. a river in S Borneo. V, 
B4 

Barito. Along both sides of the 
Barito River, Borneo. V, B4< 

Barkinji. On the left side of 
the Darling River, New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Baroda. Native state and city in 
Gujarat and Kathiawar, W In- 
dia. II, 16 

Barolong. A Bechuana tribe on 
both sides of the upper Molopo, 
a tributary of the Orange, 
Bechuanaland, South Africa. I, 
E8 



Barombi. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

Barondo. In the W part of Came- 
roon, W Africa. I, D5 

Baronga. Around Delagoa Bay, 
Portuguese East Africa. I, F8 

Baronighurk. N of Port Phillip 
Bay, Victoria. V, E7 

Baroro. N of the lower Zambesi, 
South Africa. I, F7 

Barotse. E of the upper Zambesi 
(about lat. 15°S), South Africa, 
and in the W Transvaal. I, E7,8 

Barotseland. a region in W 
Northern Rhodesia. I, E7 

Baro^fe. = Barotse. I, E7,8 

Barrath. In the W part of Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Barre. On the upper Rio Negro, 
an affluent of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Barrier, or Stanley, Range. 
Mountains in W New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Barrow, Point. A headland, the 
N extremity of Alaska. IV, CD 3 

Barrumbinya. On the Barwan, an 
upper branch of the Darling 
River, New South Wales. V, E7 

Bartle Bay. A shallow indenta- 
tion in the S coast of Good- 
enough Bay, 50 miles W of East 
Cape, British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Barua. (1) The Basuto name for 
the Bushmen. I, E8. (2) S of 
the great curve of the Congo, 
and just on the Equator. I, DE 
5 

Barue. S of the lower Zambesi, 
South Africa. I, F7 

Barukwa. A subdivision of the 
Batoka. I, E7 

Barumbe. S of the great curve of 
the Congo (about long. 20°E), 
and just on the Equator. I, DE 
5 

Barundi. = Wax^xadi. I, F6 



Barunga 



34) 



Barunga. On the Paroo River, 

New South Wales. V, E7 
Barwo. = Barua, 2. I, DE5 
Barwan. An upper branch of the 

Darling River, New South 

Wales. V, DE7 
Barwar. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, Hl5 
Basa. (1) At the junction of the 

Niger and its tributary, the 

Kaduna, W Africa. I, B4. (2) 

In the W part of Cameroon, 

W Africa. I, D5. (3) In the S 

part of Liberia, W Africa. I, B5 
Basabei. Near Mount Elgon, 

Uganda Protectorate. I, F5 
Basala. In Northern Rhodesia. I, 

E7 
Basamba. In the Congo basin 

above Stanley Falls. I, E6 
Basamia. NE of the Victoria Ny- 

anza, Africa. I, F5 
Basanga. On islands in the Sanga, 

a right tributary of the lower 

Congo. I, D5,6 
Basaomaha. In the S part of Bech- 

uanaland. South Africa. I, E8 
Basare. In Portuguese Guinea, W 

Africa. I, A4 
Basawunena. A subdivision of the 

Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 
Base. On the Mareb in the N 

part of Abyssinia. I, FG4 
Basenga. On the left bank of the 

middle Zambesi (about long. 

31 °E), South Africa. I, F7 
Basesse. On the Sese Islands in 

the Victoria Nyanza, E Africa. 

I, F6 
Bashee. a small river in SE Cape 

Colony, South Africa. I, E9 
Bashikongo. = ^akongo. I, D6 
Bashilakassanga. A subdivision of 

the Bashilange. I, E6 
Bashilamboa. A subdivision of the 

Bashilange. I, E6 
Bashilange. On the middle Kassai, 

an affluent of the Congo. I, E6 



Bashilele. A central African tribe 
which migrated southward from 
the Congo to the Kassai region. 
I, D6 

Bashimba. On the right bank of 
the lower Kunene River, An- 
gola. I, D7 

Bashinge. E of the upper Kwango 
(about lat. 10°S), a tributary 
of the Kassai, Africa. I, D6 

Bashkir. In the governments of 
Orenburg and Perm, Russia. 
Ill, KL3 

Bashukulo'mpo. = 'Ba-ila. I, E7 

Bashukulumbme. = 'Ba-i[a. I, E7 

Basi. = Toma. I, A5 

Basians. In the W Caucasus. Ill, 
J4> 

Basilan. An island lying to the 
W of Mindanao, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C3 

Basilicata. a district in S Italy. 
Ill, F4. 

Basilika. W of the upper Limpopo 
(about lat. 23°S), South Af- 
rica. I, E8 

Basimba. = liashiinba. I, D7 

Basindi. E of the Albert Nyanza, 
central Africa. I, F5 

Basisi. = Besisi. II, L8 

Baski. In Baghalpur, a division 
of Behar, Bengal, India. II, J6 

Ba*A;s. = Basques. Ill, DE4 

Basoga. On the N shore of the 
Victoria Nyanza, Africa. I, F5 

Basoko. Along the lower Congo. 
I, D6 

Ba*ow^a?nmo. = Bassongo Mino. I, 
E6 

Basonge. = 'Bassojigo. I, E6 

Basongo. = Bassongo. I, E6 

Basongo Meno. = Bassongo Mino. 
I, E6 

Basor. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 

Basques. In the provinces of Viz- 
caya, Alava, Guipuzcoa, and 
Navarra of Spain, and part of 



35 



Bateso 



the department of Basses-Pyre- 
neeSj France. Ill, DE4 

J?os«a. = Basa, 3. 1, B5 

Bassama. S of the upper Binue 
(long. 12°E), a tributary of the 
Niger, Africa. I, CD5 

Bassein. a district in Lower 
Burma. II, K7 

Basses-Pyrenees. A department 
in SW France. Ill, D4 

Basso. = 'Ba,ssi, 3. I, B5 

jBa^songa. = Bassongo. I, E6 

Bassongo. On the lower Sankuru, 
a tributary of the middle Kas- 
sai River, Africa. I, E6 

Bassongo Mino. N of the Sankuru, 
a tributary of the middle Kassai 
River, Africa. I, E6 

Bassonie. = 'Bassongo. I, E6 

B as s on je. = bassongo. I, E6 

Bass Strait. From 80 to 150 miles 
wide, between Australia and 
Tasmania. V, E7,8 

Bassua. Near the Albert Nyanza, 
central Africa. I, EF5 

Bastaards, or Bastards. A half- 
breed people from Boer-Hot- 
tentot parentage, in South Af- 
rica. I, E8,9 

Bastarnae. An ancient Germanic 
tribe who dwelt in the region 
NW of the Black Sea. Ill, GH 

Basuhuma. S of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, E Africa. I, F6 

Ba*Mmbe. = Sombe. I, D7 

Basundi. = Basundo. I, D6 

Basundo. A branch of the Ba- 
kongo, on the banks of the 
lower Congo, about long. 14 °E. 
I, D6 

Basuto. In Basutoland, South Af- 
rica. I, E8,9 

Basutoland. A British colony in 
South Africa; 11,716 sq.mi. I, 
E8,9 

B ATA AN. A province in W central 



Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Batac. = Tinitiane. V, B2,3 

Batagwenda. A subdivision of the 
Batoro. I, F5,6 

Batak. ( 1 ) =^ Tinitiane. V, B2,3. 
(2) = Batta, 2. II, K8 

Batan. In the Batan Islands of 
the Philippines. V, Cl 

Batanatang. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C3 

Batangas. a province in W cen- 
tral Luzon, Philippine Islands. 
V, C2 

Batang Ayer. See Batang Lupar. 
V, B3 

Batang Lupar. A subdivision of 
the Sea Dyak on the banks of 
the river Batang Lupar, S Sara- 
wak, Borneo; they call them- 
selves Batang Ayer, meaning 
simply "the main river," to dis- 
tinguish themselves from the 
people living on the tributary; 
and those at the head of the 
river call themselves Ulu Ayer, 
"headwaters." V, B3 

Batan Islands. A group to the 
N of Luzon, Philippine Islands. 
V, Cl 

Batdu. An extinct Bechuana tribe, 
in Bechuanaland, South Africa. 
I, E8 

Batavia. a residency, and the 
capital city, of (W) Java. V, 
A4 

Bateke. Between the Alima River 
and the Congo (lat. 3°S), in 
French Equatorial Africa. I, 
D6 

Batembu.=Ajnatemhn. I, E9 

Batemdikayi. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Batempa. On the Kassai, an afflu- 
ent of the Congo. I, DE6 

Bateso. A Nilotic tribe of Ugan- 
da Protectorate. I, F5 



Bate tela 



36 



Batetela. W of the upper Congo 
(about lat. 5°S). I, E6 

Bathurst Island. N of North 
Australia. V, CD5 

Bati. In W Africa. I, B5 

Batin. In Sumatra. V, A3,4< 

Batlaka. In the Transvaal, South 
Africa. I, EF8 

Batldpi. = Batlapm. I, E8 

Batlapin. In the E part of S 
Bechuanaland, South Africa. I, 
E8 

Batlaro. In the N part of S Bech- 
uanaland, South Africa. I, ES 

Batloqua. In Basutoland, South 
Africa. I, E8,9 

Batoha. On the banks of the mid- 
dle Zambesi (about long. 28° 
E), South Africa. I, E7 

Batoke. In Gabun, W Africa. I, 
D6 

Batom. On the Mongo River, 
Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 

Batondoi. On the middle Kassai, 
an affluent of the Congo. I, DE6 

Batonga. = Batoka. I, E7 

Batoro. E of the Semliki River, 
vrhich forms the outlet of the 
Albert Edward Nyanza into the 
Albert Nyanza, central Africa. 

1, ¥5,6 

Batoua. = Batwa. I, DE5,6 
Batta. (1) On the headwaters of 
the Binue, S of Lake Chad, Af- 
rica. I, D4,5. (2) In the in- 
terior of NW Sumatra, and S 
of the Achinese. II, K8 
Battah. The plural form of Batta, 

2. II, K8 

Battakhin. On the banks of the 

lower Blue Nile, a tributary of 

the Nile. I, F4 
Battanni. N of the middle Gomal, 

a tributary of the Indus, India. 

II, 15 
Batua. = Batwa. I, DE4<,5 
Batu Blah. In Sarawak, Borneo. 

V, B3 



Batuco. In central Sonora, Mex- 
ico; now extinct. IV, J 8 

Batueari. In Sinaloa, Mexico ; now 
extinct. IV, JK8 

Batum. Province and city in 
Georgia (Transcaucasia, Rus- 
sia). Ill, J4 

Batumbuka. = Tamh}i\i.a. I, F5 

Batur. In the Tarai, a region in 
N India. II, 15 

Batutsi.='Watusi. I, F6 

Batwa. (1) S of the great curve 
of the Congo and in the valleys 
of the Chuapa and the Lomami 
(tributaries of the Congo), and 
on the Sankuru River (a tribu- 
tary of the Kassai). I, DE5,6. 
(2) In Northern Rhodesia. I, 
E7. (3) In N Tanganyika. I, 
F6 

Batwana. Near Lake Ngami, Bech- 
uanaland. South Africa. I, E8 

Bauhuna. On the Uaupes, a tribu- 
tary of the Rio Negro, Colom- 
bia. VI, C2 

Baures. a tributary of the Rio 
Mamore, Bolivia. VI, D4 

Baures. On the Baures River, 
Bolivia. VI, D4 

Bauro. One of the Solomon Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, F4 

Ba-ushi. SW of Lake Bangweolo, 
Northern Rhodesia. I, E7 

Bavaria. A state in SW Germany. 
Ill, EF4 

Bavarians. In the E part of Ba- 
varia and a part of Austria. 
Ill, EF4 

Baviko. On the upper Zambesi in 
the SE part of Angola. I, E7 

Bavili. On the Nyanga River on 
the W coast of French Equa- 
torial Africa. I, D6 

Bavuma. In Uganda Protectorate, 
E Africa. I, F5 

Bawangana. A subdivision of the 
Bahuana. I, E6 



37 



Belande 



Barvenda. N of the Zambesi, 
South Africa. I, EF7 

Baximha. = Bashimba. I, D7 

Baxiuara. On the Yuruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Baya. On the E border (about lat. 
4°-6°N) of Cameroon, W Af- 
rica. I, D5 

Bayahonan. In S Cagayan, Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Bayago. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

Bayaka. N of the lower Congo, I, 
D6 

Bayansi. A central African tribe 
migrating southward from the 
Congo to the lower Kassai, a 
tributary of the Congo. I, D6 

Bayansi. = 'BajansL I, D6 

Baydaru. In Mysore, a native 
state of India. II, 17 

Bayiba. In Uganda Protectorate, 
E Africa. I, F5 

Baymakli. A subdivision of the 
Karakalpak. II, H4 

Bayombe. = Mayombe. I, D6 

Bayon. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

Bayu. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Bayun. = Bajoji. I, D5 

Bazese. On the islands in the NW 
corner of the Victoria Nyanza; 
= Basesse. I, F6 

Baziba. In NW Tanganyika. I, F6 

Bazimba. Formerly in W Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

Bazoroca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Beagle Channel. S of Tierra del 
Fuego, South America. VI, D8 

Beaver. An Athapascan group on 
the Peace River in N Alberta, 
Canada. IV, HJ4 

Becaba. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 



Bechuana. In Bechuanaland, South 

Africa. I, E8 
Bechuanaland. A protectorate 

in the Union of South Africa; 

275,000 sq.mi. I, E8 
Bedar. = Boyav. II, J6,7 
Bedawib. In the Anglo-Egyptian 

Sudan. I, EF4 
Bedarviun. The plural form of 

Bedawi, the real name of the 

Bedouins. I, E-G2-4 
Bedayriah. A subdivision of the 

Baggara. I, EF4 
Bedde. = Bede. I, D4 
Bede. W of Lake Chad, Africa. I, 

D4 
Bediya. = Berija. II, Hl5 
Bedouins. In Arabia and N Af- 
rica. I, E-G2-4 
Beduan. In Eritrea, NE Africa. 

I, FG4 

Beena. = Bina. V, DE4 
Beersheba. (1) The southern- 
most town in ancient Palestine. 

II, E5. (2) A settlement of 
Haikauan Hottentots in South- 
west Africa. I, D8 

Begdlli. A subdivision of the Gok- 
len. II, G5 

Behar. a district of Bengal, NE 
India. II, JQ 

Behari. The natives of Behar, In- 
dia. II, JQ 

Behisotra. In N Madagascar. I, 
G7 

Behosy. Formerly in N Madagas- 
car. I, G7 

Beirut. District and town in W 
Syria. II, E 5 

Beja. In E Nubia between the 
Red Sea and the Nile. I, F3,4 

Bejuk. In Eritrea, NE Africa. I, 
FG4 

Bekiau. On the Tutong River, 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Bekwai. On the Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Belande. A subdivision of the 



Belbellah 



38 



Bashilange, S of the Dyur. I, 
E6 

Belhellah. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Belgae. A Celtic people who oc- 
cupied NE Gaul and SE Brit- 
ain about the first century B.C. 
The name was given them by 
Caesar. Ill, DE3,4 

Belgian Congo. Formerly Congo 
Free State. A colony of Bel- 
gium in central Africa; 909,- 
654 sq.mi. I, DE5-7 

Belgium. A kingdom in NW Eu- 
rope; 11,373 sq.mi. Ill, E3,4 

Bellabella. A Kwakiutl tribe in 
British Columbia. IV, GH5 

Bellacoola. A Salish tribe, or ag- 
gregation of tribes, on the W 
coast of British Columbia. IV, 
G5 

Bellanda. Between the Niam- 
Niam and Bongo tribes on the 
upper Nile. I, EF5 

Bellinger. A river in E New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Bellum-hellum. Near Lake Well- 
ington, E Victoria. V, E7 

Beltir. A Sagai Tatar tribe in S 
central Siberia. II, L3 

Belyando. a river in E Queens- 
land. V, E6 

Bemherri. On the middle Congo, 
about long. 23°E. I, ES 

Benadir Coast. The central part 
of the E coast of Italian So- 
maliland. I, D5 

Bena-Luntu. A subdivision of the 
Bashilange. I, E6 

Benares. A holy city on the 
Ganges, United Provinces, NE 
India. II, J6 

Benerwal. On the Barandu, a 
tributary of the upper Indus, 
India. II, I5 

Benga. On the Gabun River, W 
Africa. I, D6 

Bengal. An E presidency of 



British India, between Assam 
and Bihar and Orissa. II, J6 
Bengal, Bay of. Part of the In- 
dian Ocean, between the Indian 
Peninsula and Burma. II, JK 
6,7 
Bengali. In the E half of Bengal, 

India. II, J6 
Bengallee. = Bengali. II, J6 
Ben Ghazi. = Barca. I, E2 
Benguela. a town in W Angola. 

I, D7 

Benguet. a province in N central 

Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 

C2 
Beni. (1) A river in Bolivia; it 

unites with the Mamore to form 

the Madeira. VI, D4. (2) A 

province in NE Bolivia. VI, D4 
Beni Abbas. In the NW part of 

the Sahara. I, B2,3 
Beniah. A subdivision of the 

Kandh. II, J6,7 
Beni Amer. Between the Red Sea 

and the Atbara, a tributary of 

the Nile. I, F4 
Beni Atie. In the NW part of 

Arabia; about lat. 29 °N, long. 

38°E. II, E6 
Beni Hadjar. In E Arabia; about 

lat. 27°N, long. 47°E. II, F6 
Beni Harb. In Hejaz, W of Ara- 
bia. II, E6 
Beni Harith. In W Arabia; about 

lat. 22°N, long. 42°E. II, F6 
Beni Jos. In W Oman; about lat. 

24°N, long. 52°E. II, G6 
Beni Jerar. A subdivision of the 

Baggara. I, EF4 
Beni Jubar. In Algeria. I, C2 
Beni Kahtan. In S Arabia; about 

lat. 19°N, long. 44°E. II, F7 
Beni Kelb. In S Arabia; about lat. 

20°N, long. 46°E. II, F6,7 
Beni Khuweiled. In SE Arabia; 

about lat. 19°N, long. 54°E. 

II, G7 

Beni Kiye. = Kiye. I^ D4 



39 



Betanimena 



Beni Lam. In NE Arabia; about 
lat. 30°N, long. 46°E. II, F6,6 

Beni Mzah. In the S part of Al- 
geria. I, C2 

Benin. (1) A native state in S 
Nigeria, W Africa. I, C5. (2) 
A river in S Nigeria, W Africa. 
I, C5. (3) Bight of. A part of 
the Gulf of Guinea, S of the 
Slave Coast, W Africa. I, C5 

Benin. W of the lower Niger, W 
Africa. I, CS 

Beni Shiddad. In S Arabia, about 
lat. 17°N, long. 47°E. II, F7 

Beni ThaJcif. S of Mecca, in He- 
jaz. II, F6 

Beni Wazit. In Asben, an oasis 
country of the SW Sahara. I, 
C4. 

Beni Xono. In the E part of Oa- 
jaca, Mexico. IV, L9 

Beni Zid. In Tunis. I, CD2 

Benue. = Binue. I, CDs 

Benuwa. = Orang Benua. II, L8 

Beothuh. A now extinct linguistic 
family and tribe of Indians in 
Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, 
and Labrador. IV, PR5,6 

Berar. a division of the Central 
Provinces and Berar, British 
India. II, IJ6 

Berber. In Morocco, Algeria, Tu- 
nisia, Tripoli, and the central 
Sahara. I, B-D2,3 

Berbera. a seaport town in So- 
maliland Protectorate, E Af- 



rica. I, G4 



Berberi. The singular form of 

Barabra. I, EF4 
Berbenan*. = Barabra. I, EF4 
Berberine. = Barabra. I, EF4 
Berbice. a river in British Gui- 
ana, South America. VI, E2 
Berezina. A river in the Minsk 
Government, Russia; it flows 
into the Dnieper. Ill, GH3 
Bergdama. = 'H.aukoin. I, D8 
Bergdamara. a region around 



Walfisch Bay in Southwest Af- 
rica. I, D8 

Beri. A subdivision of the Fulah. 
I, B-E4,5 

jBena. = Beriya. II, HI5 

Beribi. A subdivision of the Man- 
guiane. V, C2 

Bering, or Behring, Sea. Be- 
tween the Aleutian Islands and 
Bering Strait. IV, AB* 

Bering Strait. Between Alaska 
and Siberia, 36 miles wide. IV, 
B3 

Beriya. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 

Bermejo. a river in N Argen- 
tina, flowing 1,000 miles to 
the Paraguay River ; = Verme jo, 
VI, DE5 

Bermuda. British Islands in the 
North Atlantic Ocean, E of 
South Carolina. IV, P7 

Bermudez. a province in N Vene- 
zuela. VI, Dl,2 

Berom. In N Nigeria. I, C4 

Berrahi. S of the Hindu Kush, Af- 
ghanistan. II, 1 5 

Berri. E of the Bahr-el-Jebel (lat. 
5°N), an upper branch of the 
Nile. I, F5 

Berriait. Between the Barkinji 
and the Wonghibon tribes of 
New South Wales. V, E7 

Bersiamites. = Oumamiawak. IV, O 
5 

Berta. In Abyssinia. I, FG5 

Berfaf , = Berta. I, FG5 

Besera. In Baghalpur, a division 
of Behar, Bengal, India. II, J6 

Besermanians. In the government 
of Vyatka, Russia. Ill, JK3 

Besisi. In the S part of the Malay 
Peninsula. II, LB 

Bessarabia. Former government 
in extreme SW Russia. Ill, GH 
4 

Betanimena. On the E coast of 
Madagascar. I, G7,8 



Betash 



40 



Betash. Inhabitants of Lycia, a 
district in S Asia Minor. II, E6 

Bethanians. An invading group of 
Hottentots in Southwest Africa. 

I, D8 

Bethel. Town in Palestine, N of 

Jerusalem. II, E5 
Betiah. A subdivision of the 

Kandh. II, J6,7 
Betoi. On and near the Gasanare, 

a tributary of the Meta River, 

Colombia. VI, C2 
Betoya. A linguistic family in 

South America in the N forest 

areas, between the Uaupes, Ya- 

pura, and Rio Negro. VI, CD 

2,3 
Betsileo. On the central plateau 

of S Madagascar. I, G8 
Betsimisaraka. Along the whole E 

coast of Madagascar. I, G7,8 
Betundu. W of the upper Congo 

(about lat. 5°S). I, E6 
Be.vorana. = Borani, I, F5 
Bezanozano. = Tankay. I, G7 
Bghai. In Tenasserim, Burma. II, 

K7 
Bhadarwahi. In Kashmir, India. 

II, 15 

Bhangi. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, Hl5 

Bhar. Indigenes of NW India. II, 
HI5,6 

Bheel. = Bhil. II, I6,7 

Bhil. In Rajputana, Kathiawar, 
Indore, and the N Bombay 
presidency, W India. II, 16,7 

Bhotea. In Sikkim, India. II, J 6 

Bhotiya. A name applied by the 
Hindus collectively to the peo- 
ples of S Tibet, especially the 
Himalayan slopes. II, I-K5,6 

Bhramu. In N Nepal. II, J6 

Bhuiher. In Palamau and Jash- 
pur, native states of E India. 
II, J6 

Bhuinhar. = Bhuiher. II, J6 



Bhuiya. In districts of Bengal, 
India. II, J6 

Bhuiyar. = Bhuiher ? II, J6 

B^Mmij. = Bumij. II, J6 

Bhungiya. = lihmya. II, J6 

Bhumya. = Bhmja. II, J6 

Bhutan. A state NE of India be- 
tween Tibet and Assam and 
Bengal; 20,000 sq.mi. II, JK6 

Bhutanese. In Bhutan. II, JK6 

Bhutia. In the higher mountains 
of Nepal. II, J6 

Bia. A tribe of the Kredy, in the 
Bahr-el-Ghazal district, Africa. 
I, E5 

BiAFARA, Bight of. An open bay 
in the E portion of the Gulf of 
Guinea, W Africa. I, C5 

Biafare. N of the lower Rio 
Grande, Portuguese Guinea, W 
Africa. I, A4< 

J5iar. = Biyar. II, Hl5 

Biboulmoun. In S Western Aus- 
tralia. V, B7 

Bicol. In the peninsula of Cama- 
rines in Luzon, and the islands 
of Burias, Catanduanes, and Ti- 
cao, and on the N coast of Mas- 
bate, Philippine Islands. V, C2,3 

Bidai. An extinct tribe of Cad- 
doan stock whose villages were 
scattered over a wide territory 
in Texas. IV, L7,8 

Bidauk. On Timor Island, Dutch 
East Indies. V, C4,5 

Bidjago. = Bissago. I, A4 

Biduanda Kallang. Originally in 
the island of Singapore, and 
afterward removed to the banks 
of the Pulai River in S Johor of 
the Malay Peninsula; now ex- 
tinct as a tribe. V, L8 

Biduelli. E of the Snowy River, 
E Victoria. V, E7 

Bidwell. = Biduelli. V, E7 

Bielorouss. = White Russians. Ill, 
G3 

Bigambul. On the headwaters of 



41 

the Darling River^ New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Big River. In N Labrador. IV, 
P4 

Bihar. = Behar. II, J6. 

Bihar and Orissa. A province in 
British India, formerly a part 
of Bengal Province. II, J6 

BiJieno. On the upper Kuanza 
River, Angola. I, D7 

Bi^or. = Behari. II, J6 

Bijnalumbo. = Oithi. V, D5 

Bikalbura. On the lower Fitzroy 
River, E Queensland. V, E6 

BiKANER. A native state in Raj- 
putana, India. II, 16 

Bila-an. = Bi[ane. V, C3 

Bilane. Between Sarangani Bay 
and Lake Buluan, and in the 
Sarangani Islands lying off the 
S point of Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Bilchala. = Bellacoola. IV, G5 

Bilin. = Bogo. I, FG4 

BiLLiTON. Island in the Java Sea, 
E of Sumatra. V, A4 

Biloch. = Bal\ich. II, H6 

BiloxL A Siouan tribe on Biloxi 
Bay, Mississippi, in 1699; and 
a few of them still in Louisiana. 
IV, M8 

Biloxi Bay. In S Mississippi. IV, 
M8 

Bima. In the E part of the island 
of Sumbawa, Sunda Islands. V, 
B4 

Bimbia. On the W coast of Came- 
roon, W Africa. I, CD 5 

Bina. In Papua, New Guinea. V, 
DE4 

Binbinga. On the McArthur, and 
S of the Anula tribe. North 
Australia. V, D5 

Binbundo. = Bahihe. I, D6,7 

Bind. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 

Bingabura. On the Burdekin Riv- 
er, E Queensland. V, E6 



Bisayas 

Bingongina. In North Australia; 

about lat. 18°S, long. 132°E. V, 

D5 
Bini. The inhabitants of Benin. 

I, C5 

BiNTENNE. A village in Ceylon. 

II, J8 

Bintucua. A subdivision of the 
Aruac. VI, C2 

Bintulu Milanau. A subdivision of 
the Milanau. V, B3 

Bintulu River. In Sarawak, NW 
Borneo. V, B3 

Binue. a river, the chief E tribu- 
tary of the Niger River, in Ni- 
geria and N Cameroon, about 
870 miles long. I, CD5 

BioBio. The largest river in Chile, 
flowing from the Andes Moun- 
tains to the Pacific Ocean at 
Concepcion. VI, C6 

Bioto. In New Guinea. V, DE4 

Biradj. A subdivision of the Sarik. 
II, H4,5 

Birar. On the middle Amur (long. 
130°E), Siberia. II, N03,4 

Birch Creek. A tributary of the 
upper Yukon, Alaska. IV, E3 

Birdhawal. In NE Victoria. V, E7 

Birgid. In Darfur, Africa. I, E4 

Birhor. In Hindustan. II, IJ6 

Birket-el-Kurun. a lake in N 
Egypt. I, F3 

BirkulaJc. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Bisanigua. = Chu.roya. VI, C2 

Bisayan. (1) = Bisayas, 1. V, C2,3. 
(2) = Bisayas, 2. V, B3 

Bisayas. (1) In the islands of 
Panay, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, 
Leyte, Samar, and on the S 
coast of Masbate and the N 
coast of Mindanao, Philippine 
Islands. V, C2,3. (2) On the 
lower Padas, and the Klias, 
British North Borneo; they are 
also found on the Limbang Riv- 
er of Brunei. V, B3 



Biscay, Bay of 



42 



Biscay, Bay of. In the Atlantic 
Ocean, W of France and N of 
Spain. Ill, D4 

Bishareen. = lic]8i. I, F3,4 

JBu/ian. = Beja. I, F3,4< 

J5 is/iann. = Bej a. I, F3,4 

Bisher Anase. In N Arabia; about 
lat. 33°N, long. 40°E. II, EF5 

Bismarck Archipelago. Islands 
to the NW of New Guinea. V, 
EF4 

Bissagos. In the island of Bissa- 
gos, W Africa. I, A4 

Bissagos Islands. W of Portu- 
guese Guinea, W Africa. I, A4 

Bithelhura. On the upper Bel- 
yando River, E Queensland. V, 
E6 

BiTHYNiA. An ancient country in 
NE Asia Minor. II, E4. 

BiTLis. A district in Kurdistan, 
W Asia. II, F5 

Biyar. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI 5 

Blackfeet. (1) A group of three 
closely related and allied Al- 
gonquian tribes in Alberta and 
Montana (formerly between the 
Saskatchewan and Yellowstone 
rivers), comprising the Black- 
feet proper, the Piegan, and the 
Blood. They are to be distin- 
guished from the Blackfeet or 
Sihasapa, a Siouan tribe. IV, 
J 5,6. (2) = Sihasapa. IV, K6 

Black-Kirghiz. = Kara-Kirghiz. II, 
15 

Black Miao. = B.eh. Miao. II, M6 

Black Mountains. In S Arizona, 

IV, J7 

Black Sea, or Euxine Sea. A 

large inland sea between Asia 

Minor and Russia. Ill, G— J4 

Black Shoes. = Ahnahaway. IV, K6 

Blackwood. A river in the SW 

extremity of Western Australia. 

V, B7 

Blanco. (1) A subdivision of the 



Iquito. VI, C3. (2) In Costa 
Rica. IV, MNIO 

J5Zanc*. = Menomini. IV, M6 

Blantyre. a town in Nyasaland 
Protectorate, E Africa. I, F7 

Blood. = Blackieet, 1. IV, J 5,6 

Bluefield Lagoon. In Nica- 
ragua. IV, MlO 

Blue Miao. = Tsing Miao. II, M6 

Boanari. On the Uaupes, a tribu- 
tary of the Rio Negro, Colom- 
bia. VI, CD2 

Boanhura. W of the Belyando 
River, E Queensland. V, E6 

Boho. In the W Sudan. I, B4 

Boca. On the Rio Pacaja, W of 
the mouth of the Tocantins, 
Brazil. VI, F3 

Bodalkinago. Kiowa name for the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Bo(^o. = Kachari. II, K6 

Bod-pa. In the settled and more 
civilized section of the S and 
more fertile provinces of Tibet; 
the Tibetans proper. II, JK5,6 

BoEOTiA. A district and an ancient 
republic in E central Greece. 
Ill, G5 

Boers. Descendants of the early 
Dutch and French immigrants 
to South Africa, especially in 
the Transvaal and Orange Free 
State. I, DE8,9 

Bog. = Bug. Ill, GH4 

Bogijiab. A subdivision of the 
Andamanese (South Andaman 
Island). II, K7 

Bo go. In Eritrea, NE Africa. I, 
FG4 

Bogobo. In N Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Bogota. The capital of Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Bohane. In Paraguay; now ex- 
tinct. VI, E5 

Bohemia. Now Czechoslovakia, S 
central Europe. Ill, FG3,4! 

Bohemians. = Czechs. Ill, FGB,^ 



43 



Bonno 



BoHOL. An island in the Philip- 
pine Islands, N of Mindanao. 

V, C2,3 

Bohr. On the right bank of the 

Bahr-el-Jebel, an upper branch 

of the Nile. I, F5 
Bohra. In Sind and Gujarat, In- 
dia. II, 16 
Boii. In SW Bohemia, about the 

8th century B.C. Ill, F4 
BojADOR, Cape. In Hio de Oro, 

W Africa. I, A3 
Bojig-Ngiji. A subdivision of the 

Andamanese (South Andaman 

Island). II, K7 
Bojingijida. A subdivision of the 

Andamanese (South Andaman 

Island). II, K7 
Boka. On the left bank of the 

Sacramento River, California. 

IV, H7 
Bokhara. A khanate in central 

Asia. II, H4,5 
BoM. In Nigeria, W Africa. I, C5 
BoLAN Pass. A historic pass in 

NE Baluchistan, about 54 miles 

long. II, H5,6 
Bolepa. A subdivision of the Moxo. 

VI, D4 

Bolivar. (1) Department in N 

Colombia. VI, C2. (2) State in 

E Venezuela. VI, D2 
Bolivia. A republic in W central 

South America; 514,155 sq.mi. 

VI, DE4,5 
Bollano. N of San Francisco Bay, 

California. IV, H7 
Bolo. In the basin of the Binue, a 

tributary of the Niger, Africa. 

I, C5 

Boloho. In the Belgian Congo. I, 

D6 
Boloki. The northernmost of the 

two Bangala tribes on the 

Congo. I, E6 
Boloven. A subdivision of the Moi. 

II, L7 



Boluxes. In Louisiana; now ex- 
tinct. IV, LM8 

BoMA. District and town near the 
mouth of the Congo, Belgian 
Congo. I, D6 

jBomflmjoA;o. = Bagielli. I, D5 

Bomharrabura. On the W shore of 
Broad Sound, E Queensland. V, 
E6 

Bombay. (1) A city on the W 
coast of India. II, 17. (2) A 
W presidency of British India. 
II, 16,7 

Bomhe. NW of the Albert Ny- 
anza, central Africa. 1, EF5 

Bomitaba. On the middle Congo. 

I, E5,6 

BoMOKANDi. An upper branch of 
the Welle, a tributary of the 
Ubangi, central Africa. I, E5 

Bon. A sect of heterodox Tibetans. 

II, K5,6 

Bonack. = Bannock. IV, J 6 

Bondei. In E Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

BondelsTvaarts. A tribe of Hotten- 
tots in Southwest Africa who 
are gradually disappearing. I, 
D8 

Bongo. In the region of the Bahr- 
el-Ghazal (lat. 7°N), an up- 
per branch of the Nile, and 
between the Niam-Niam and 
Dinka tribes. I, E5 

BoNGOLAND. The district around 
the Bahr-el-Ghazal, Africa. I, 
E5 

Bdni. A hunting tribe in Somali- 
land. I, G5 

Bom. = Waboni. I, FG6 

Bonjak. On the upper Sobat, a 
tributary of the upper Nile. I, 
F5 

Bon jo. On the upper Sanga, a 
tributary of the Congo. I, D5,6 

Bonno. N of Lake Rudolph, E Af- 
rica. I, F5 



BontoJc 



44 



BoNTOK. A province in N Luzon^ 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Booca. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Boonacfc. = Bannock. IV, J6 

Boorong. W of Lake Tyrell, NW 
Victoria. V, E7 

Boothia. (1) The most N penin- 
sula of North America; con- 
tains the Magnetic Pole; some- 
times called Boothia Felix. 
IV, L3. (2) Gulf of. E of 
Boothia Peninsula. IV, M3 

Bor. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, EF5 

Borani. E of Lake Rudolph, E 
Africa. I, F5 

BoRGU. A district in Dahomey and 
Nigeria, W Africa. I, C5 

Borgu. = Barba. I, C4 

Borinqueno. In Porto Rico. IV, 
P9 

BoRKu. A group of oases in the 
Sahara Desert; lat. 18°N, long. 
19°E. I, D4 

Borneo. A Dutch possession (is- 
land) in the East Indies; 212,- 
737 sq.mi. V, AB3,4. 

BoRNu. A country, formerly an 
independent sultanate, W and 
S of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Bornu. SW of Lake Chad, in Ni- 
geria, W Africa. I, D4 

Boro. (1) A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4. (2) Along 
the upper Amazon ; possibly the 
same as Miranha. VI, C3 

Bororo. On the headvraters of the 
Tapajos, a tributary of the 
Amazon. VI, E3 

Boruca. A subdivision of the Tala- 
manca. IV, MNlO 

Borumbeet Bulluk. Near Lake 
Burrambeet, S Victoria. V, E7 

Bosjesman. The Dutch term from 
which is derived the English 
Bushman, I, E8 

Bosnia. A district formerly in 



Austria-Hungary, now in Jugo- 
slavia. Ill, F4 

Bosnians. The inhabitants of Bos- 
nia. Ill, F4 

Boso. In the SE part of Bolivia. 
VI, DE5 

Bosporus. A strait, about 20 miles 
long, connecting the Black and 
the Marmora seas. Ill, G4 

Bot. Between the Dinka and Bongo 
tribes, Africa. I, E5 

Bothnia, Gulf of. The N part 
of the Baltic Sea, between Swe- 
den and Finland. Ill, FG2 

Botocudo. Between the Rio Doce 
and the Rio Pardo in Minas 
Geraes province, E Brazil, 
about lat. 15°S. VI, F4 

Bouayanan. In the interior of 
Palawan, Philippine Islands. V, 
B2,3 

Bougainville. The principal is- 
land of the Solomon Islands, 
Melanesia. V, F4 

Bougou. Along the Ubangi River 
in French Equatorial Africa. I, 
D5 

Boul-houl. On the E coast of Vic- 
toria. V, E6 

BowZia. = Pitta-pitta. V, E5,6 

Boumali. On the middle Sanga 
River, French Equatorial Af- 
rica. I, D5 

Bourout. = Buvut. II, I5 

BowDiTCH. An island in W Poly- 
nesia, one of the Union group. 
V, J4 

Bow Islands. Now called Hao or 
Harpe. A group of small is- 
lands in the Low Archipelago, 
or Paumota (Taumotu) Islands, 
French possessions in E Poly- 
nesia. V, M5,6 

Boya. = Boyar. II, J6,7 

BoYACA. A province of NE Co- 
lombia. VI, C2 

Boyaeli. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 



45 

Boyar. In E India. II, J6,7 

Brabant. (1) An old duchy in 
the Netherlands. Ill, E3. (2) 
A province in Belgium. Ill, E3 

Brabriwulong. In the E part of 
Victoria. V, E6 

Brabrolong. Formerly in the E 
part of Victoria ; now nearly ex- 
tinct. V, E6 

Brahmans. Hindus of the highest, 
or sacerdotal, caste. II, H-J5-8 

Brahmaputra. A sacred river in 
Tibet and NE India, about 1,- 
800 miles long. II, JK6 

Brahui. On the plateau in the NE 
part of Baluchistan. II, H5,6 

Brakna. N of the lower Senegal, 
W Africa. I, A4 

Brames. = Mancagnes. I, A4 

Branco. a tributary of the Rio 
Negro, N Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Brang. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Brao. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Brazil. A large country in NE 
South America; 3,275,510 sq.mi. 
VI, C-G2-6 

Brazos. A river in Texas, flowing 
for over 900 miles to the Gulf 
of Mexico. IV, KL7,8 

Bre. On the lower Salwin River, 
Burma. II, K7 

Bretons. In the old province of 
Brittany in France. Ill, D4 

Bribri. A subdivision of the Tala- 
manca. IV, MNlO 

Bristol Bay. In SW Alaska. IV, 
C4 

British Central Africa. For- 
mer name for the N district of 
Rhodesia. I, EF6,7 

British Columbia. A province in 
W Canada. IV, F-J4,5 

British East Africa. Former 
name for the district including 
Kenya, Tanganyika, and Ugan- 
da Protectorate. I, E-G5-7 



Bug 

British Guiana. Colony in N 
South America. VI, DE2 

British Honduras. Colony in 
Central America. IV, M9 

British India. That part of the 
Indian Empire under direct 
British administration. II, H— 
K5-8 

Britons. A name for the ancient 
Celtic inhabitants of the island 
of Britain; commonly applied 
by the English of the present 
day to themselves. Ill, DE3 

Brittany. An old province in 
NW France. Ill, D4 

Broad Sound. On the coast of E 
Queensland. V, EF6 

Brocken. The highest of the 
Harz Mountains in central Ger- 
many. Ill, F3 

Broken. A tributary of the upper 
Murray, central Victoria. V, E7 

Brule. A subtribe of the Teton 
division of the great Dakota 
tribe, on the Missouri River. 
IV, KL6 

Brulsa. In the N part of Gold 
Coast, W Africa. I, B5 

Brun. A subdivision of the Moi. 
II, L7 

Brunei. A sultanate under Brit- 
ish protection in N Borneo. V, 
B3 

Brusa, or Brussa. District and 
city in NW Asia Minor. II, D4 

Buandik. On the SE coast of 
South Australia. V, D7 

Bubangi. = Bangi. I, D6 

Bubi. On Fernando Po Island, in 
the Gulf of Guinea. I, C5 

Buchtulan. = Durugmun. V, C2 

Budukh. In the Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Buduma. On the islands in Lake 
Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Buenos Aires. Chief province and 
city of NE Argentina. VI, E6 

Bug, or Bog. (1) River in Russia, 
about 470 miles long, flowing 



Bugau 

into the estuary of the Dnieper. 
Ill, GH4. (2) River in Poland, 
over 450 miles long, flowing into 
the Vistula River. Ill, G3 

Bugau. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, B4 

Buges. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Bughi. = Bugi. V, BC4. 

Bugi. In the S part of Celebes. V, 
BC4 

Bugilai. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Buginese. = Bngi. V, BC4 

Bugre. A tribe of the E Ges, in 
the state of Santa Catharina, 
SE Brazil. VI, EF5 

Buhuano. In the province of Isa- 
bela, Luzon, Philippine Islands. 
V, C2 

BuiN District. In Bougainville, 
Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F4 

Bujago. = Bissago. I, A4 

Bujuano. = Buhuano. V, C2 

Bukar. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Bukeyevskaya. = Inner Horde. Ill, 
J3,4 

Bukidnone. In the E part of Misa- 
mis, Mindanao, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C3 

Bukil. In the interior of Min- 
doro, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

BuLACAN. A province in central 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Bulala. Tribes which formerly oc- 
cupied Bagirmi, E of Lake 
Chad, and Wadai. I, DE4 

Bulalacauno. In the interior of 
the N part of Palawan, and in 
the Calamianes, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, B2 

Bulalli. In the Barrier Range 
country of New South Wales. 
V, E7 



46 

Buldam Porno. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

7?MZ^ar. = Bulgarians. Ill, G4 

Bulgaria. Country in SE Eu- 
rope; 40,656 sq.mi. Ill, G4 

Bulgarians. In Bulgaria and E 
Rumelia. Ill, G4 

Bullom. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, A5 

Bulsa. In British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Bulu. = Yan, 1. I, CD5,6 

Buluan. = B\\ai.ne.. V, C3 

BuLUAN, Lake. In S Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Buluane. = Bilane. V, C3 

BuLUNGAN. A river in Sarawak, 
Borneo. V, B3 

Bumij, SE of Chota Nagpur, 
Bengal, India. II, IJ6 

Bunan. In the SE part of Kash- 
mir, India. II, I5 

BuNDABERG. A town in SE Queens- 
land. V, E6 

Bundah-wark-kani. On the E coast 
of Victoria. V, E7 

BuNDELKHAND Agency. A Collec- 
tion of native states, a subdivi- 
sion of Central Indian Agency, 
India. II, IJ6,7 

Bunganane. In the provinces of 
Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela of 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

jBwn^o^. = Sibungo. V, B3,4 

Buntamurra. In S Queensland. V, 
E6 

Bunurong. On the coast from the 
Werribee River to Anderson's 
Inlet, S Victoria. V, E7 

Bunut. A subdivision of the Maloh 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Bunyarlee. On Darling River, 
New South Wales. V, E7 

Bunyau Maloh. A subdivision of 
the Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Buqmdnone. = BukiA.none.. V, C3 

Buqml. = Buki\. V, C2 



47 

Buquitnon. In the mountains in 
Negros, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2,3 

Bura-bura. S of the junction of 
the rivers Loddon and Murray, 
Victoria. V, E7 

Burai. On the Amazon, below the 
mouth of the Madeira. VI, E3 

Burappa. On the Loddon, a tribu- 
tary of the Murray, Victoria. 
V, E7 

BuRDEKiN. A stream in E Queens- 
land. V, E6 

Bure. On the Ra Coast, Sawakasa, 
Fiji Islands, Melanesia. V, H5 

Burgos. A province in N central 
Spain. Ill, D4 

Burgundians. A Germanic tribe 
who founded the kingdom of 
Burgundy in the beginning of 
the 5th century. Ill, E4 

Burgunds. = 'Bur gnndians. Ill, E4 

Burgundy. Former French prov- 
ince, dukedom, kingdoms. Ill, 
E4 

Burhwundeitch. In the W part of 
Victoria. V, E7 

BuRiAS. An island S of Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Buriat. In the district surrounding 
Lake Baikal, Siberia. II, LM3 

Burihura. N of the lower Fitzroy 
River, Queensland. V, E6 

Burica. In the interior of Costa 
Rica. IV, MNIO 

Burma. A British possession E of 
India, NW of Siam; 230,839 
sq.mi. II, K6,7 

Burmese. In the S part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Burnett. A river in SE Queens- 
land. V, F6 

BuRRAMBEET, Lake. In S Vic- 
toria, V, E7 

Bursa. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 



Byzantium 

Bwrw. = Botocudo. VI, F4 

BarMm. = Berom, I, C4 

Burung. A subdivision of the Kari- 
era. V, BC6,7 

Burungi. In Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

Burut. = Kara-Kirghiz. II, I5 

Buri/at. = Buriat. II, LM3 

Bus. On both sides of the Tocan- 
tins, Brazil. VI, F3 

Busao. A subdivision of the Igor- 
rote. V, C2,3 

Bushilele. ^Bashilele. I, D6 

Bushmen. In Cape Colony and in 
the Kalahari Desert, South Af- 
rica. I, E8 

Bushongo. A central African tribe 
which migrated southward from 
the Congo ; = Bakuba ? I, E6 

Busintana. In Colombia. VI, C2 

Busoga. = Basoga. I, F5 

Busquipane. = Capanahua. VI, C3 

BusRAH, or BusRA, or Basra. A 
district and city in SE Asia 
Minor. II, F5 

Butchabura. On the E coast of 
Queensland (about lat. 22°-23° 
S). V, E6 

Bute. A subdivision of the Mbum. 
I, D5 

Bute Inlet. In SW British Co- 
lumbia. IV, G5 

Buteshire. A county in W Scot- 
land. Ill, D3 

Buthera-baluk. On the Goulburn, 
a tributary of the upper Mur- 
ray, central Victoria. V, E7 

Bwai. = Bghai. II, K6 

Bwaidoga. In the D'Entrecasteaux 
Islands, Melanesia. V, F5 

Byor. A subdivision of the Nuer. 
I, F5 

Byyanzi. = Bayansi. I, D6 

Byzantium. An ancient city on 
the site of modern Constanti- 
nople. Ill, G4 



Cabacaha 

i^abacaba. Between the Yapura 
and its tributary, the Apoporis, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Cabaro. On the Tocantins River, 
Brazil. VI, F3 

Cabecar. A subdivision of the 
Talamanca. IV, MNlO 

Cabina. A subdivision of the Moxo. 
VI, D4 

Cabinda. N of the lower Congo. I, 
D6 

Cabiune. On the Apoporis, a tribu- 
tary of the Yapura, Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Ca&re. = Cavere, VI, D2 

Cabul. a town in E Afghanistan. 
II, H5 

Cacalote. On the left bank of the 
Rio Grande, Texas. IV, KL8 

Cacheo. a stream in Portuguese 
Guinea, W Africa. I, A4! 

Cachibo. = Cashibo. VI, C3 

Cachien. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Cachiquel. A subgroup of the 
Mayas, on the volcanic plateaux 
of Guatemala. IV, M9,10 

Cackchiquel. = Cachiqne\. IV, M9, 
10 

Cacongo. a former native prov- 
ince in the Congo Empire. I, D6 

Caddo. About 1825, in NW Louisi- 
ana and E Texas. IV, L7,8 

Caddoan Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily related to the Pawnee, or 
identical with it. It includes the 
Arikara of North Dakota, the 
Pawnee confederacy of Ne- 
braska, the Caddo, Kichai, and 
Wichita. IV, L6-8 

Cadell's Range. Mountains in 
New South Wales. V, E7 

Cadioeo. In Paraguay. VI, ES 

Cadique. In Paraguay; now ex- 
tinct. VI, E5 

Cadiuco. A Guaycuru tribe near 
Miranda, in Matto Grosso, 
Brazil. VI, E4,5 

Cadiz. Province and city (the an- 



48 

cient Gades) in SW Spain. Ill, 
D5 

Caduvee. = Mhaya. VI, E5 

Cafir. = Kaffir. I, E9 

C a fir. = Kaffir. I, E9 

Cafuana. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Cagayan. The NE province of 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Cagayane. On the Rio Grande de 
Cagayan, Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Cahabon. a river in Guatemala. 
IV, MlO 

Cahita. = Cahito. IV, J8 

Cahito. A group of Indian tribes 
of the Piman family, consisting 
chiefly of the Yaqui and the 
Mayo; in SW Sonora and NW 
Sinaloa, Mexico. IV, 38 

CahoJcia. A tribe of the Illinois 
confederacy, in Illinois. IV, M 
6,7 

Cahroc. On the upper Klamath 
River, N California. IV, H6 

Cahuache. A subdivision of the 
Jivaro. VI, C3 

Cahuayapiti. On the Rio Negro, 
an affluent of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Caliuilla. In S California. IV, H7 

Cahuimet. In Sinaloa and Sonora, 
Mexico. IV, J8 

Caicos. British islands, SE of the 
Bahamas ; subordinate to Ja- 
maica. IV, 09 

Cailloux. French spelling of Ca- 
yuse. IV, H6 

Caimane. On the N coast of Pan- 
ama. IV, NlO 

Caingang. = Coroado, 1. VI, G3 

Cdingua. S Guarani Indians in 
Paraguay, gathered into mis- 
sions by the Jesuits. VI, E5 

Caiptorade. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 



49 



Cameroon 



CaisJiana, On the Tocantins River, 
Brazil. VI, F3 

Cakaudrove. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Cakchiquel. = Cachiquel. IV, M9, 
10 

Cahohiam. On the NW coast of 
Washington. IV, H6 

Calabar. (1) River in SE Ni- 
geria, flowing into the Cross 
estuary. I, C5. (2) Town and 
port on the Calabar River, W 
Africa. I, C5 

Calabria. A district in S Italy. 
Ill, F5 

Calagane. On the Casilaran Creek 
in the Bay of Davao, Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Calamianes. Islands to the N of 
Palawan, Philippine Islands. V, 
B2 

Calapooya. On the Willamette, a 
tributary of the lower Columbia, 
Oregon. IV, H6 

Calaua. In the valleys of the Rio 
Chico de Cagayan, Luzon, Phil- 
ippine Islands. V, C2 

Calchaqui. An extinct tribe, for- 
merly on the E slope of the 
Andes in N Argentina. VI, D5 

Calcutta. City and capital of the 
Bengal presidency, and for- 
merly capital of the Indian 
Empire; on the Hooghly River, 
NE India. II, J6 

Caledon. An upper branch of the 
Orange River, South Africa. I, 
E8 

Calibugane. A mixed tribe of 
Moros and Subanos in W Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 

Calicut. Town on the Malabar 
Coast of India. II, 17 

California. ( 1 ) Westernmost state 
of the United States. IV, H6,7. 
(2) Gulf of. An arm of the 
Pacific Ocean E of Lower Cali- 



fornia. IV, J8. (3) Lower. A 
territory of Mexico, a penin- 
sula between the Pacific Ocean 
and the Gulf of California. IV, 
HJ7-9 
Calipoa. = Calapooya. IV, H6 
Calispell. In Washington. IV, H6 
Callagae. = Ahipone. VI, D5 
C allahpoetvah. = Calapooya. IV, H 

6 
Callapipa. = Calapooya. IV, H6 
Callapooha. = Calapooya. IV, H6 
Calliseca. = Cashibo. VI, C3 
CoZtomcA;. = Kalmuck. Ill, J4; II, 

JK4 
Calusa. An important tribe in 

Florida. IV, N8 
Camacans. In the region of the 
upper and middle San Fran- 
cisco River, E Brazil. VI, F3,4 
Camagura. In Matto Grosso, Bra- 
zil. VI, E4 
Camanche. = Comanche. IV, KL7 
Camarines Sur. a S province of 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 
Camavo. On the Maranon, the up- 
per part of the Amazon. VI, C3 
Cambay, Gulf of. On the middle 

coast of W India. II, 16 
Cambea. On the SW coast of Peru. 

VI, C4 
Camheha. The name for the Oma- 
gua in the Tupi language. VI, 
C3 
CoTO^evo. = Cambeba. VI, C3 
Camhoca. On the bay E of the 
mouth of the Tocantins, Brazil. 
VI, F3 
Cambodia. A kingdom in Indo- 
China; a French dependency; 
57,900 sq.mi. II, L7 
Cambodians. Natives of Cambodia, 

French Indo-China. II, L7 
Cameroon. A British and French 
mandate in W Africa; 191,300 
sq.mi. I, CDs 



Cameroons 



50 



Cameroons, or Cameruns. Natives 
of Cameroon. I, CD5 

Cawma. = Kama. I, D5,6 

Campas. An Arawak tribe on the 
upper Ucayali, Peru. VI, C3 

Campaspe. a tributary of the 
Murray River, Victoria. V, E7 

Campeche. (1) State in SE Mexi- 
co. IV, M9. (2) Gulf of. In 
the SW part of the Gulf of 
Mexico. IV, LM9 

Camuanga. = Gamungan. V, C2 

Camuchiro. At the mojath of the 
Napo, an upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Camucone. In the Sulu Islands of 
the Philippines. V, C3 

Camuta. On the left bank of the 
Tocantins, Brazil; now nearly 
extinct. VI, F3 

Canaan. A region in ancient 
times corresponding vaguely to 
modern Palestine. It was the 
"Land of Promise" of the Is- 
raelites. II, E 5 

Canaanites. A tribe in Palestine 
mentioned very frequently in 
the Old Testament. II, E6 

Canacure. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Canada. Federation of the greater 
part of the British possessions 
in North America, to the N of 
the United States ; 3,684,723 sq. 
mi. IV, E-Rl-6 

Canadian River. A stream 900 
miles long, flowing from the 
Rocky Mountains in New Mex- 
ico to the Arkansas River, Okla- 
homa. IV, KL7 

Canamary. In the E part of Peru. 
VI, C3 

Canapei. A subdivision of the 
Colima. VI, Cl,2 

Canar. In N Peru; now extinct. 
VI, C3 

Canarese. In Hyderabad and My- 



sore, the Madras presidency, 
India. II, 17 

Canari. Formerly on the Gulf of 
Guayaquil, Ecuador; now ex- 
tinct. VI, C3 

Canary Islands. Spanish posses- 
sions in the Atlantic Ocean off 
the coast of NW Africa. I, A3 

Canas. In S Peru. VI, C4! 

Canasgorda. In the W part of 
Cauca, Colombia. VI, C2 

Canawary. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Cancho. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Cancon. In California. IV, H7 

Canee. In Texas. IV, L7,8 

Canela. In Maranhao, Brazil. VI, 
F3 

Canelos. In Ecuador. VI, C3 

Canem. Former native kingdom N 
of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Canemha. Natives of Canem, S 
Sahara. I, D4< 

Cangaparanga. On the Madeira, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
DE3 

Cangenje. = 'Barotse. I, E7,8 

Canichana. = Caniciana. VI, D4 

Caniciana. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Canisiana. = Caniciana. VI, D4 

Cano. a Hausa state SW of Lake 
Chad, and its capital, for a time 
the most important city of the 
W Sudan, and even now an im- 
portant trading center. I, C4 

Canso. (1) Cape. The NE ex- 
tremity of Nova Scotia. IV, P6. 
(2) Gut of. The passage be- 
tween the mainland of Nova 
Scotia and Cape Breton Island. 
IV, P6 

Cantabrians. An ancient people of 
N Spain. Ill, D4 

Canton. A large city in SE China. 
II, M6 



51 



Caribbean Sea 



Canuri. In Canem^ N of Lake 
Chadj Africa. I, D4 

Caomane. = Caimane. IV, NlO 

Capana. a tributary of the Ma- 
deira, Brazil. VI, D3 

Capanahua. On the Ucayali, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Capanaparo. An upper tributary 
of the Orinoco, Venezuela. VI, 
D2 

Cape Breton. An island to the 
NE of Nova Scotia. IV, P6 

Capechene. On the Aquiry, an up- 
per branch of the Purus, W 
Brazil. VI, D3 

Cape Colony. The S state in the 
Union of South Africa. I, D-F 
8,9 

Cape Horn. At the S extremity of 
South America. VI, D8 

Cape Verde Islands. A group 
about 320 miles W of Cape 
Verde, NW Africa. I, GH9,10 
(inset) 

Cape York. (1) Northernmost 
cape in Queensland. V, E5. (2) 
in NW Greenland. IV, P2. (3) 
Peninsula. E of the Gulf of 
Carpentaria, Australia. V, E5 

Capiekrans. = Canela. VI, F3 

Cappadocia. An ancient country 
and Roman province in E Asia 
Minor. II, E5 

Caquesio. = Caquetio. VI, CD 1 

Caqueta. An upper branch of the 
Yapura, Colombia. VI, C2 

Caquetio. On the coast of Vene- 
zuela from Caracas to Lake 
Maracaibo at the beginning of 
the 16th century. They were 
early enslaved and destroyed by 
the Spaniards. VI, CDl 

Carabisi. In Venezuela. VI, D2 

Carahuyana. On the lower Ama- 
zon. VI, E3 

Caracara. On the W side of the 
Parana, Argentina, in the 16th 



century; now extinct. VI, DE 

5,Q 
Caracas. The capital of Vene- 
zuela, in the N part of the 

country. VI, Dl 
Caracas. Formerly, near the city 

of Caracas, Venezuela ; as a 

tribe they were probably de- 
stroyed before the end of the 

16th century. VI, Dl,2 
Caracata. On the upper Uruguay 

and the Parana, SE Brazil. VI, 

E5 
Carahiahy. On the Rio Negro, an 

aflBuent of the Amazon. VI, D3 
Caraho. On the Tocantins River, 

Brazil. VI, F3 
C araj a. = Car ay a. VI, E4 
Carajahi. About Salinas, a town 

of Goyaz, Brazil. VI, F4 
Caramanta. In the W part of 

Cauca, Colombia. VI, C2 
Caranca. S of Lake Titicaca, S 

Peru. VI, CD4 
Carankaway. On the coast of 

Texas. IV, LS 
Carapache. = Cashibo. VI, C3 
Carapana. On the Rio Negro, a 

tributary of the Amazon. VI, 

D3 
Carare. a tributary of the middle 

Magdalena, Colombia. VI, C2 
Carataima. On the Cauca River, 

Colombia. VI, C2 
Caraya. On the Rio Araguaya and 

in Matto Grosso, Brazil. VI, E4! 
Carcana. On the Jurua, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 

D3 
Carcassonne. A town in Aude, 

SW France. Ill, E4 
Carcha. In Nicaragua. IV, MNlO 
Caria. An ancient division of SW 

Asia Minor. II, D 5 
Cariayo. On the Rio Negro, a 

tributary of the Amazon. VI, 

D3 
Caribbean Sea. The Atlantic 



Caribs 



52 



Ocean between the West Indies 
and Central and South America. 
IV, M-O9,10 

Caribs. On the N coast of South 
America; they appear to have 
come originally from the pla- 
teau about the sources of the 
Xingu and the Tapajos in Mat- 
to Grosso, Brazil. VI, C-El,2; 
E3,4 

Carijona. On the headwaters of 
the Caqueta River, Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Cariniaco. On the lowex Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Carinthia. a province in S Aus- 
tria. Ill, F4 

Carinya. The true Carib, who 
migrated from the S to British 
Guiana at about the end of the 
16th century; see Caribs. VI, E 
2-4 

Caripuna. ( 1 ) In the region of the 
Rio Negro, an affluent of the 
Amazon; to be distinguished 
from Caripuna, 2. VI, D3. (2) 
Near the cataracts of the Ma- 
deira, Brazil. VI, D3 

Cariri. In central Brazil. VI, E3,4> 

Carmania. Province in ancient 
Persia; modern Kerman. II, G 
5,6 

Carnatic. a region and old divi- 
sion between the E Ghats and 
Coromandel coast, S India, S 
of 18°45'N; now in Madras 
presidency. II, IJ7 

Car Nicobar. The northernmost 
of the Nicobar Islands in the 
Bay of Bengal. II, K8 

Carniola. a province in NW 
Jugo-slavia. Ill, F4 

Carolano. In the mountainous 
lands of Negros, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2,3 

Carolina. Two states (North and 
South) in SE United States. 
IV, N7 



Caroline Archipelago. The Car- 
oline Islands, W Micronesia. V, 
D-F2,3 

Carpathians. Mountains between 
Czechoslovakia and Poland, and 
extending into Rumania. Ill, 
FG4 

Carpentaria. (1) Gulf of. On 
the N coast of Australia, 350 
miles long. V, DE5. (2) Pen- 
insula. = Cape York Penin- 
sula. V, E5 

Carquin. Formerly S of Carquinez 
Straits, California. IV, H7 

Carrier. = Taculli, IV, H5 

Carriza. S of the lower Rio 
Grande, Mexico. IV, KL8 

Carthaginians. Inhabitants of Car- 
thage, a Phoenician colony in 
N Africa. I, CD2 

Cartujano. = Cataj ano. IV, KL8 

Carusana. On the Guainia and Ini- 
rida rivers, SE Colombia. VI, 
D2 

Casamanza. a river in Senegal, 
W Africa. I, A4 

Casamarca. On the headwaters of 
the Maraiion, the upper part of 
the Amazon. VI, C3 

Casanare. a tributary of the 
Meta, in Colombia. VI, C2 

Cascade Range. Mountains in 
Oregon, Washington, and Brit- 
ish Columbia. IV, H5,6 

Casembe. a native empire in S 
Belgian Congo. I, DE6 

Cashibo. On the W side of the 
Ucayali, as well as the head- 
waters of the Pisqui and Aguay- 
tya rivers, Peru. VI, C3,4 

Cashmere. = Kashmir. II, 15 

Casiquiare. a river in Venezuela, 
connecting the Orinoco and the 
Rio Negro. VI, D2 

Casongo. a native empire around 
Lake Bangweolo, Northern Rho- 
desia. I, EF7 

Caspian Sea. A salt lake between 



53 



Caucasians 



Europe and Asia, 760 miles by 
270 miles; about 85 feet below 
sea level. II, FG4,5 

Cassange. In N Angola. I, D6 

Castile. A former kingdom in 
central Spain. Ill, D4,5 

Castilians. In New Castile, cen- 
tral Spain. Ill, D4,5 

Cat. The English translation of 
the Huron name for the Erie. 
IV, N6 

Catabangene. = Catubangane. V, C2 

Catacao. On the upper Piura Riv- 
er, NW Peru. VI, B3 

Catajano. S of the lower Rio 
Grande, Mexico. IV, KL8 

Cataha. = Kiowa Apache. IV, L7 

Catalanes. In Catalonia and Va- 
lencia, Spain, and the Balearic 
Islands and a point on the W 
coast of Sardinia. Ill, DE4,5 

Catalangane. On the Catalangan 
River, Isabela, Luzon, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Catalonia. A former division in 
NE Spain. Ill, E4 

CafaZomoK*. = Catalanes. Ill, DE 
4,5 

Catanduanes. An island E of S 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Catauixi. On the Purus and the 
Jurua, tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 

Catauxi. = Catauixi. VI, D3 

Catawba. The most important of 
the E Siouan tribes; in North 
and South Carolina. IV, N 7 

Cathay. An old name for China, 
from Cataya, of Tatar origin. 
II, LM5,6 

Cathlamet. A Chinookan Indian 
tribe of Oregon. IV, H6 

Cathlapooy a. = Calapooya. IV, H6 

Catiana. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Catio. E of the Atrato River, NW 
Colombia. VI, C2 



Catsena. a Hausa state SW of 
Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Catti. One of the three groups of 
Franks, q.v. Ill, DE3,4 

Cattle Damara. = Ovaherero. I, DS 

Catubangane. On the mountains 
of Guinayangan, Tayabas, Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Catuquina. On the Jurua, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Cauana. = Carcana. VI, D3 

Cauaxi. On the Jurua and the 
Jutay, tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 

Cauca, (1) River about 600 miles 
long in Colombia, from the An- 
des to the Magdalena River. VI, 
C2. (2) A state in NW Colom- 
bia. VI, C2 

Caucasia. Division of Russia on 
both sides of the Caucasus 
Mountains. Ill, J4 

Caucasians. (1) A collective name 
for peoples in the Caucasus; of 
which the chief ones are Ab- 
khasians, Chechens, Circassians, 
Georgians, Khevsurs, Lesghi- 
ans, Mingrelians, and Ossetians, 
etc. Ill, HJ4. (2) "A name 
given to one of the races of 
mankind, including tribes and 
peoples nearly in the whole of 
Europe (except the domains of 
the Finns, Magyars, and Turks, 
etc.), western Asia and India, 
and northern and eastern Af- 
rica; of which the main divi- 
sions are Arabs, Armenians, 
Basques, Bedouins, Beja, Ber- 
bers, Chechens, Circassians, 
Egyptians, English, French, 
Galla, Georgians, Germans, 
Greeks, Hindus, Italians, Jews, 
Letts, Lithuanians, Persians, 
Poles, Russians, Scotch, Somali, 
Spaniards, Tibbu, etc. The term 
was given by Blumenbach, a 
skull of a Georgian woman 



Caucasus 



54^ 



which he had obtained from the 
Caucasus having been consid- 
ered as the proper representa- 
tive of the skull type of this 
group of men." (Matsumura, 
Gazetteer of Ethnology, pp. 
83-84.) I, II, III 

Caucasus. Mountains in SE Rus- 
sia between the Black and Cas- 
pian seas. Ill, J4 

Caucau Bushmen. In the middle 
Kalahari Desert, South Africa. 
I, E8 

Cauiari. On the JapurA, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CDS 

Cauinari. a tributary of the Ja- 
pura in SE Colombia. VI, C3 

Cauixana. On the Japura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CD3 

Caupeze. In Matto Grosso, Brazil. 
VI, E4, 

Caura. a tributary of the Orinoco 
in S Venezuela. VI, D2 

Cauvery. River about 475 miles 
long, in Mysore and Madras, 
S India. II, 17 

Cauxana. Between the Putumayo 
and the Japura, tributaries of 
the Amazon. VI, C3 

Cavere. On the upper Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Cavina. On a tributary of the 
Beni, an upper branch of the 
Madeira, N Bolivia. VI, D4 

Cavite. a province in central Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Cawnpore. Town and cantonment 
in N central India. II, 16 

Cayahaha. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, DE4 

Cayana. On the Madeira, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Cayapa. On the river of the same 
name in Ecuador. VI, C3 

Cayapo. A central Ges tribe in S 
Goyaz, Brazil. VI, F4 

Cayenne. A town in French 
Guiana, N South America; also 



sometimes the country itself. 
VI, E2 

Cayman Islands. Three islands 
of the West Indies, S of Cuba. 
IV, N9 

Cay ova. On the Tapajos, Brazil. 
VI, E3 

Cfl^owa. = Cayuaba. VI, D8 

Cayuaha. On the upper Madeira, 
a tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Cayuga. A small lake in W New 
York. IV, N6 

Cayuga. (1) A tribe of the Iro- 
quoian confederation, formerly 
occupying the shores of Cayuga 
Lake, W New York. IV, N6. 
(2) One of the names of the 
Kiowa. IV, L7 

Cayuse. A Waiilatpuan tribe in 
Washington and Oregon, chiefly 
near the mouth of the Walla 
Walla River, NE Oregon. IV, 
H6 

Cayuvava. In N Bolivia. VI, D4 

Cazcane. In central Mexico. IV, 
KL9 

Ceara. State in NE Brazil. VI, 
FG3 

Ce6oZa. = Zuni. IV, JK7 

C eboy an. = L,ucajan. IV, N08,9 

Cebu. One of the provinces (and 
central islands) of the Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Cebuny. In Cuba. IV, N9 

Celebes. Large island in the 
Dutch East Indies, E of Bor- 
neo. V, BC3,4 

Celtiberians. An ancient people in 
Celtiberia (modern SW Aragon 
and the greater part of Soria, 
Cuenca, and Burgos in Spain). 
Ill, D4,5 

Celts. A collective name for the 
Bretons, Irish, Manx, and 
Welsh. Formerly they occupied 
the W part of the European 



55 



Chamacoio 



continent and the British Isles. 
Ill, DE3,4 

Central Asia, Russian. The 
Steppes and Russian Turkestan, 
including Transcaspian prov- 
ince. II, G-I4,5 

Central India, or Central 
India Agency. A collection of 
native states under the super- 
vision of a British agent. II, IJ 
6,7 

Central Provinces and Berar. 
Provinces in central British In- 
dia. II, IJ6,7 

Cephalonia. Ionian islands in the 
Mediterranean Sea. Ill, G5 

Ceram. One of the Molucca Is- 
lands, Dutch East Indies. V, 
CD4 

Ceri. In W Sonora, Mexico. IV, 
J8 

Cerigo. = Cythera. Ill, G5 

Cevennes. Mountains in S France. 
Ill, E4 

Ceylon. An island to the S of the 
tip of India, in the Indian 
Ocean. II, IJ8 

Chabarana. In Paraguay. VI, E5 

Chacani. Mountains in Peru. VI, 
C3 

Chacato^= Choctaw. IV, M7,8 

Chachapuya. On the Marafion, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

C/iflc%ew. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Chaco, El. a territory in N Ar- 
gentina, W Paraguay, and S 
Bolivia. VI, D4,5 

Chacoba. On the Rio Mamore, an 
upper branch of the Madeira, 
N Bolivia. VI, D4 

Chacopata. In Venezuela. VI, D2 

Chactaw. = Choctaw. IV, M7,8 

Chad, Lake. A lake of varying 
area, according to the season, 
in the Sudan. I, D4 

Chagaragoto. = Chirigoto. VI, D 
1,2 



Chagga. On the W, S, and E 
slopes of Kilimanjaro, Tan- 
ganyika. I, F6 

Chagnan. On the S slopes of the 
Hindu Kush, Afghanistan. II, 
15 

Chagres, Rio. a river W of the 
N Panama Canal. IV, NlO 

Chahrarat. Pawnee name for the 
Dakota. IV, J-L6 

Chahta. = Choctaw. IV, M7,8 

Chai. On the upper Sobat, an up- 
per branch of the Nile. I, F5 

Chaibsch Hottentots. In Keet- 
maanshoop, S Southwest Africa. 

I, D8 

Chaimax. = Chayma. VI, D2 

Chainimaini. On the lower King's 
River, California. IV, H7 

Chakalmati. On the E coast of 
Tamaulipas, Mexico. IV, L 8 

Chakar. In S Mongolia. II, LM4 

Chakchiuma. An Indian tribe in 
Mississippi. IV, M7,8 

Chakma. In Rangamati, NE In- 
dia, II, K6 

Chakmani. On the upper Kuram, 
a tributary of the Indus, India. 

II, 15 

Chak-pa. In central Tibet. II, JK 

5 
Chakuvukuvum. A subdivision of 

the Paiwan. II, N6 
Chalcidice. Peninsula on the N 

shore of the Aegean Sea, now in 

NE Greece. Ill, G4 
Chaldaeans. The inhabitants of 

ancient Chaldaea; an ancient 

Semitic tribe that became the 

dominant people of Babylonia. 

II, F5 
Chalikata Mishmi. On the Dibong, 

one of the chief head streams 

of the Brahmaputra, India. II, 

K6 
Chalone. In California. IV, H7 
Cham. = Chiam. II, L7 
Chamacoio. In Paraguay. VI, E5 



Cliamar 



m 



Chamar. In the United Provinces 

and Bengal, India. II, J 6,7 
Chamba. In Cameroon, W Africa. 

I, D5 

Chambal. a river, about 650 
miles long, in India, flowing 
from the Vindhya hills to the 
Jumna River. II, 16 

Chamkanni. On the upper Kuram, 
a tributary of the Indus, India. 

II, 15 

Chamorro. An ancient people liv- 
ing in the Mariana Islands, 

Micronesia. V, E2 
Cham-pa. In W Tibet. II, J5 
Chanabal. In Guatemala. IV, M9, 

10 
Chanas. = Chanes, 2. VI, E5 
Chanca. Near Huanta, a town of 

the department of Ayacucho, 

Peru. VI, C4 
Chanco. Near Truxillo, a town of 

the department of Libertad, 

Peru. VI, C3 
Chanda. a city in the Central 

Provinces, India. II, 17 
Chane. = Chowee. IV, L6,7 
Chaneabal. In E Chiapas, Mexico. 

IV, LM9 
Chanes. ( 1 ) Formerly in Uruguay. 

VI, E6. (2) Formerly on the 

W side of the Paraguay River, 

SE Bolivia. VI, E5 
Changar. In Panjab, India. II, 

15,6 
Chango. (1) On the coast of N 

Chile, about lat. 23 °S. VI, CDS. 

(2) On the S coast of Panama. 

IV, N10,11 
Chang-pa. = Taghlik. II, J5 
Changsha. City in SE China. II, 

M6 
Chang-t'eo-fah. In S Yunnan, 

China. II, L6 
Changuene. In the W part of 

Costa Rica. IV, MlO 
Channel Islands. British islands 



in the English Channel. Ill, 

D4. 
Chapacura. In Bolivia. VI, D4- 
Chapanec. In central Chiapas, 

Mexico. IV, L9 
Chapogir. Between the Lower 

Tunguska and the Stony Tun- 

guska, tributaries of the middle 

Yenisei. II, KL2,3 
Chapsugh. = Sha]isu.ch. Ill, J4 
Charay. On the boundary of An- 

nam and Cambodia. II, L7 
Charca. Between Lake AuUagas 

and Paria, Bolivia. VI, D4 
Char Duar. In Bhutan. II, JK6 
Charente. On the banks of the 

Araguaya and the Tocantins, 

Brazil. VI, F3,4 
Charrib. = Kariff. IV, MlO 
Charrua. An almost extinct tribe 

E of the Uruguay River. VI, 

E6 
Chasar. One of the Turco-Tatar 

peoples in W Asia. II, HI3,4 
Chasta Costa. A subdivision of 

the Athapascan family. IV, G— 

L3-7 
Chasuta. On the Huallaga, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 

C3 
Chatha. Arapaho name for the 

Comanche. IV, KL7 
Chatham Islands. 500 miles E 

of New Zealand, in Polynesia. 

V, J8 
Chatino. In Oajaca, Mexico. IV, 

L9 
Chauchau. The native name for 

the Koriak. II, RS2,3 
Chauchila. In central California. 

IV, H7 
Chaui. A tribe of the Pawnee 

confederacy, in Nebraska and 

Oklahoma. IV, L6,7 
Chaun, Gulf of. On the N coast 

of E Siberia. II, RS2 
Chaungtha. In Arakan, Burma. 

II, K6,7 



57 

Chauque. In the islands of Chiloe 
of Chile. VI, C7 

Chavante. Between the Tocantins 
and the Araguaya, Brazil, VI, 
F3,4 

Chawh. = Chowan. IV, N7 

Charvia. = Shawia. I, C2 

Chawisheh. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Chayma. N of the lower Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Chea..^Si8i. IV, K7 

Chebleng. Near Lake Baringo, 
Kenya. I, F6 

Chechen. In the basin of the Terek 
River, E Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Chechians. In Czechoslovakia. Ill, 
FG3,4 

Chehali. A collective name for 
several Salishan tribes in Wash- 
ington. IV, H5,6 

Cheh-sie. In the W part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Ch'eh-tsai Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, M6 

C/ieM*. = Czechs. Ill, FG3,4 

Chekiang. Coast province in 
China. II, MN6 

Chelamela. In NW Oregon. IV, 
H6 

Chelekee. = Cherokee. IV, MN7 

Cheliag. Probably a subdivision of 
the Chukchi who occupied the 
Siberian Arctic coast from the 
Gulf of ChaTin to the mouth of 
the Kolyma River at the end of 
the 18th century. II, R2 

Chemakum. = Chimakum. IV, H6 

Chemehuevi. A Shoshonean tribe, 
apparently an oiFshoot of the 
Paiute; along the Colorado Riv- 
er and in California. IV, HJ7 

Chemsian. = Tsimshian. IV, G5 

Chenchoo. In S India. II, 17 

Chenposel. In N California. IV, 
H6,7 

Chepang. In the N part of Nepal. 
II, J6 



Cheyenne 

Chepara. On the coast to the N 
of the boundary between New 
South Wales and Queensland. 
V, EF7 

Chepenafa. In Oregon. IV, H6 

Cheraw. An important Indian 
tribe, probably of Siouan stock, 
in North and South Carolina. 
IV, N7 

Cherembo. On the Maraiion, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Cheremiss, or Cheremis. In the 
governments of Kazan and Vy- 
atka, Russia. Ill, JK3 

C^erenf e. = Charente. VI, F3,4 

Cherkes, Cherkess, and Cher- 
kesses., = Circassians. Ill, J4 

Chero. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 

Cherohakah. = Nottoway. IV, N7 

Cherokee. Formerly in S Virginia, 
North and South Carolina, 
Georgia, Alabama, and Tennes- 
see; now chiefly in Oklahoma, 
though a few of them are still 
in Georgia and Tennessee. IV, 
MN7; L7 

CAerofcz. = Cherokee. IV, MN7 

Chersonese. A peninsula, now 
Gallipoli, in ancient Thrace. 
Ill, G4 

Cheruman. In S Malabar, a dis- 
trict of India. II, I7,8 

Cherumukkal. = Cheruman, II, 17,8 

Chesapeake Bay. In E Virginia 
and Maryland. IV, N7 

Cheste. = Shasta. IV, H6 

Chesterfield Inlet, A NW arm 
of Hudson Bay, Canada, IV, L 
3,4 

Chetco. In Oregon, IV, H6 

Chetemacha. In Louisiana; nearly 
extinct. IV, LM8 

Chetlessentun. = Tcetlestcan. IV, 
H6 

Chevsur. In the Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Cheyenne. In 1830 on the Platte 



Cheyenne River 

and Missouri rivers; now on 
the Cheyenne reservation in 
Oklahoma, and at Red Cloud 
Agency of Wyoming. The term 
is a French spelling of their 
Sioux name meaning "enemies." 
IV, KL6 
Cheyenne River. Formed by two 
branches, each about 350 miles 
long, rising in Wyoming and 
joining in South Dakota, it 
flows 150 miles to the Missouri 
River in South Dakota. IV, K6 
Chiam. In S Annam. II, L7 
Chiamu. On the Pacific coast of 

Colombia. VI, C2 
Chia-pa-la. In W Yunnan, China. 

II, L6 
Chiapanec. = Chapanec. IV, L9 
Chiapas. State in SE Mexico. IV, 

LM9 
Chibara. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 
Chibcha. On the upper Magdalena 

River, Colombia. VI, C2 
Chibokwe. = Kioko. I, E6 
Chicaca. = Chickasaw. IV, M7,8 
Chicacotra. In Panama. IV, NlO, 

11 
C^ica/io. = Chickasaw. IV, M7,8 
Chicasa. = Chickasaw. IV, M7,8 
Chicasaw. = Chickasaw. IV, M7,8 
Chichas re j ones. In the Gran 
Chaco, South America. VI, D 
4,5 
Chichasuyu. A subdivision of the 

Quechua. VI, C4 
Chiche. A Mayan subgroup, living 
on the volcanic plateaux of 
Guatemala. IV, M9,10 
Chichi Falls. On the upper Ma- 
zaruni River, British Guiana. 
VI, E2 
Chichimec, or Chichimeca. For- 
merly on the W coast of Mexico. 
IV, K9 
Chickahominy. A tribe of the 



58 

Powahatan confederacy in Vir- 
ginia; now extinct. IV, N7 

Chickasaw. An important Mus- 
khogean tribe, closely related 
to the Choctaw in language and 
customs, although the two tribes 
were mutually hostile; in N 
Mississippi and Alabama. IV, 
M7,8 

Chickesatvs = Chickasaw. IV, M7,8 

Chicklesaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Chicksaw. = Chickasaw. IV, M7,S 

Chicriaba. Near the San Fran- 
cisco River, Brazil. VI, F3,4 

Chieh-jen. In SW Kuichau, China. 
II, M6 

Ch'ie Miao. In SW Kuichau, 
China. II, M6 

Chien-fah Keh-lao. In SW Kui- 
chau, China. II, M6 

Chientang. a river in Chekiang 
province, China. II, LM5,6 

Chien-ting Miao. In central Kui- 
chau, China. II, M6 

Chihli. (1) Province in NE 
China. II, MN4. (2) Gulf and 
Strait of. The NW part of the 
Yellow Sea, China. II, MN4,5 

Chihuahua. State in N Mexico. 
IV, K8 

Chilasi. On the upper Indus, In- 
dia. II, 15 

Chilcat. A Tlingit tribe on Chilcat 
River and Bay, SE Alaska. IV, 
F4 

Chilcotin. A group of the Atha- 
pascan Dene or Tinneh people 
of the Mackenzie basin, Can- 
ada. IV, GH3-5 

Chile, or Chili. A republic along 
the W coast of S South Ameri- 
ca; 289,829 sq.mi. VI, CD,4-8 

Chilidugu. = Araucanians. VI, C6 

Chilion. In Arizona. IV, J7 

Chilkat. = Chilcat. IV, F4 

Chilkotin. = Chilcotin. IV, GH3-5 

Chillicothe. One of the four tribal 



59 



Chin Hills 



divisions of the Shawnee; in 
Missouri ; now extinct. IV, LM7 

Chilluckquittequam. A subdivision 
of the Chinook. IV, H6 

Chillula. On the Redwood Creek, 
N California. IV, H6,7 

Chiloe. Islands to the W of S 
Chile. VI, C7 

Chilotes. On the islands of Chiloe, 
S Chile. VI, C7 

Chilwa. a lake 40 miles long, 
between Nyasaland and Portu- 
guese East Africa. I, F7 

Chimakuan Family. An Indian 
linguistic family of the NW 
coast of America, now repre- 
sented by one small tribe, the 
Quileute, on the coast of Wash- 
ington. IV, H6 

Chimakum. In NW Washington; 
now extinct. IV, H6 

Chimalakwe. Formerly on New 
River, a tributary of the Trinity 
River, NW California; now ex- 
tinct. IV, H6,7 

Chimalapa. A subdivision of the 
Zoque. IV, LM9,10 

Chimano. = Jumana. VI, C3 

Chimariko. Formerly on the Trin- 
ity River, NW California; now 
extinct. IV, H6,7 

Chimbioa. = Chimhiaa. VI, EF3 

Chimbiua. = ^imhiaa. VI, EF3 

Chimila. In Magdalena, Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Chimmesyan Family. A small In- 
dian linguistic family in N 
British Columbia. IV, GH4 

Chimpan. In Zungaria; now ex- 
tinct. II, J4 

Chimpam. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Chimsian. = Tsimshian. IV, G5 

Chimu. A powerful tribe who 
formerly occupied the Peruvian 
coast between lat. 5° and 10°S. 
VI, BC3 

Chin. (1) In E Arakan, Lower 
Burma, and in the W part of 



Upper Burma. The N Chins 
call themselves Yo, the S Lai, 
and those in Lower Burma Shu. 
II, K6,7. (2) A subdivision of 
the Dardi. II, 15 

China. (1) A republic in E Asia; 
4,277,170 sq.mi. II, 1-03-6. 
(2) A section (China proper) 
of this country; 1,532,420 sq. 
mi. II, L-N4-6 

Chinanteco. = Tzotzil. IV, LM9 

Chinantla. = Chinanteco. IV, LM9 

Chinarro. In N Chihuahua, Mexi- 
co. IV, K8 

China Sea. Part of the Pacific 
Ocean, bounded by China, Siam, 
Borneo, the Philippine Islands, 
and Formosa. II, L-N6-8 

Chinbon. In Arakan, Burma. II, 
K7 

Chincha. (1) a valley in S Peru. 
VI, C4. (2) An island oif the 
coast of Peru. VI, C4 

Chincha. Formerly in W Peru. 
VI, C4 

Chincha-Suyu. One of the four 
imperial provinces of the Inca 
Empire, Peru. VI, C4 

Chindwin. a river, the chief 
tributary of the Irawadi, Bur- 
ma, about 550 miles long. II, 
K6 

Chinese. The people of China 
proper. II, L-N4-6 

Chingali. In North Australia; 
about lat. 18°S, long. 133°E. 
V, D5 

Chingigmut. Near Cape Newen- 
ham, SW Alaska. IV, C4 

Chingpaw. On the upper Irawadi 
(about lat. 24°-27°N), and its 
tributary, the upper Chindwin, 
Burma. II, K6 

C/iin^po. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Chin Hills. A mountainous tract 
on the NW border of Burma. 
II, K6 



Chinme 



60 



Chinme. In Arakan, Burma. II, 
K7 

Chinook. On the lower Columbia 
River, Washington. IV, H6 

Chinookan Family. An important 
Indian linguistic family in 
Washington and Oregon. IV, 
H6 

CAmp^o. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Chipaya. On the Xingu, Brazil. 
VI, E3 

Chipewyan. An Athapascan In- 
dian linguistic group between 
Hudson Bay and Lake Atha- 
basca, Canada. IV, K— M4,5 

Chippewa. NW of Lake Superior; 
one of the largest Indian tribes 
N of Mexico. IV, LM5 

Chippeway. = Chippewa. IV, LM5 

Chippewayan. = Chipewyan. IV, 
K-M4,5 

Chiquito. In the department of 
Santa Cruz, Bolivia. VI, DE4 

Chir. In Uganda Protectorate, E 
Africa. I, F5 

Chiricahua. An important division 
of the Apache Indians in S 
Arizona. IV, J7,8 

Chirigoto. Formerly on the E 
shore of Venezuela. VI, Dl,2 

Chiriguano. In the departments 
of Santa Cruz and Chuquisaca, 
Bolivia. VI, DE5 

Chirihuano. = Chiriguano. VI, DES 

Chirionosso. In the Bolivian Gran 
Chaco. VI, D4,5 

Chiripo. In Costa Rica. IV, MN 
10 

Chiripuno. On the Curaray, a 
tributary of the Napo (an up- 
per branch of the Amazon), 
Ecuador. VI, C3 

Chiriqui. a river, lagoon, and 
Caribbean archipelago, Panama. 
IV, NlO 

Chirivone. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 



Chirupa. On the upper Orinoco, 

South America. VI, D2 
Chisedek. A subdivision of the 

Montagnais, 1. IV, 05,6 
Chitarraga. In Panama. IV, NlO 
Chitimacha. An Indian tribe in 

Louisiana. IV, LM8 
Chitral. a state in N North- 

West Frontier Provinces, India. 

I, 15 

Chitrali. On the slopes of the 
Hindu Kush, Afghanistan. II, 
15 

Chittagong Hills. In Upper 
Burma, near the Bay of Bengal. 

II, K6 

Ch'iu-jen. In NW Yunnan, China, 
II, L6 

Chiulipo. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D4,5 

Chiura. a river in NW Peru. VI, 
B3 

Chlouah. In Morocco. I, B2 

Chnagmiut. An Alaskan Eskimo 
tribe along the Yukon River. 
IV, DE3 

Choam Chadila Porno. On the W 
coast of California. IV, H7 

Chocamu. = Chiamu. VI, C2 

Chocktam.^Choctavf. IV, M7,8 

Choco. In Panama and the W part 
of Colombia. VI, C2 

Chocossi. a native empire found- 
ed by the Mandingos in the N 
part of Togoland. I, BC4,5 

Choctaw, or Chocta. Originally 
between the lower Mississippi 
and the Mobile. They were 
called Flatheads or Tetes-plates 
by the early writers, from their 
habit of compressing the heads 
of male infants ; but they should 
not be confounded with the 
Salishan Flathead tribe. IV, 
M7,8 

Choga. a lake to the N of the 
Victoria Nyanza, E Africa. I, 
F5 



61 



Chumashan Family 



Choiseul Island. One of the 

Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 

F4 
Chohuyem. N of San Francisco 

Bay, California. IV, H7 
Choi. A Mayan subgroup in the 

tropical forest areas of Tobasco, 

Mexico. IV, L9 
Chole. Formerly in SE Guatemala. 

IV, MIO 
Choligha. In the Mysore hills, S 

India. II, 17 
Cholone. On the Huallaga, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 

C3 
Choluteca. On the Gulf of Fon- 

seca, Honduras. IV, MlO 
Chonek. The native name of the 

Patagonians. VI, CD7,8 
Chong. On the S coast of Siam. 

II, KL7 
Chonos. Indians in the Chonos 

Archipelago, S Chile. VI, C7 
Chonos Archipelago. A large 

group of islands off the W coast 

of S Chile. VI, C7 
Chonquiro. = Pirro. VI, C4 
Chontale. In the states of Oajaca, 

Guerrero, and Tobasco, Mexico, 

and in Guatemala and Nica- 
ragua. IV, LM9,10 
Chopunnishj^ SahaTptin. IV, HJ6 
Chorai. In Baghalpur, a division 

of Behar, Bengal, India. II, J6 
Chorass. In the SW part of Mon- 
golia. II, L4 
Chorotegans. On the W coast of 

Nicaragua. IV, MlO 
Choroti. In the Gran Chaco, South 

America. VI, D4<,5 
Chorti. In Guatemala. IV, M9,10 
Chosen. A peninsula and country 

(formerly Korea) in E Asia; 

84,738 sq.mi. II, N4,5 
Chota-Nagpur. a subprovince in 

Bihar and Orissa province, NE 

British India. II, J6 
Ci^OMmaw. = Comanche. IV, KL7 



Chouvache. = Chuvash. Ill, JK3 
Chowan. Formerly on the Chowan 

River, NE North Carolina ; now 

extinct. IV, N7 
Chowee. A subdivision of the 

Pawnee. IV, L6,7 
Chray. In French Indo-China. II, 

L7 
Christiania. Former name of 

Oslo, the capital of Norway. 

III, F2,3 

Christmas Island. (1) In the Pa- 
cific Ocean, Polynesia. V, L3. 
(2) In the Indian Ocean. V, A5 

Chubut. a territory in S Argen- 
tina. VI, CD7 

Chuchona. On the borders of Oa- 
jaca and Guerrero, Mexico. IV, 
L9 

Chuchura. In Panama. IV, NlO 

Chucklers. In S India. II, 17 

Chucunaque. a river in Darien, 
Panama. IV, NlO 

Chuelche. The Araucanian name 
for the Patagonians. VI, CD7,8 

Chugachigmiut. An Eskimo tribe 
on the Kenai Peninsula, S 
Alaska. IV, D4 

Chugatsh. On Prince William 
Sound, S Alaska. IV, E4 

Chuhra. In Hindustan. II, IJ6 

Chuka. In Kenya, E Africa. I, 
F5,6 

Chukaimina. In the Squaw Valley, 
California. IV, H7 

Chukchansi. On the San Joaquin 
River, California. IV, H7 

Chukchi, or Chukchee. Between 
the Anadyr River, NE Siberia, 
and the Arctic Ocean (except 
the NE extremity). II, RS2 

Chukma. In the Chittagong Hills, 
Burma. II, K6 

Chumana. = Jumana. VI, C3 

Chumash. In Santa Rosa Island 
off the SW coast of California. 

IV, H7 

Chumashan Family. A linguistic 



Chumawa 



62 



family on the coast of S Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 
Chumaiva. In NE California; now 

extinct. IV, H6 
Chumaya. In NW California, on 

the middle Eel River. IV, H6 
Chumidok. In central California. 

IV, H7 
Chumtiwa. In central California. 

IV, H7 
Chumuch. In central California. 

IV, H7 
Chumwit. In central California. 

IV, H7 
Chuncho. In the department of 

Cuzco, Peru. VI, C4 
Chung. In the highland of Kui- 

chau, China. II, M6 
Chunipi. In the Gran Chaco, 

South America. VI, D4<,5 
Chunkunji. In Queensland. V, E6 
Chuntaquiru. - Pirro. VI, C4 
Chunupi. = Chunipi. VI, D4,5 
Chunut. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 
Chuquisaca. a department in SE 

Bolivia. VI, DE5 
Churchill River. A river about 

800 miles long, flowing through 

N Saskatchewan and Manitoba, 

Canada, to Hudson Bay. IV, 

KL4,5 
Churituna. A subdivision of the 

Jivaro. VI, C3 
Churoya. In the central part of 

Colombia. VI, C2 
C^MrrM?/e. = Churoya. VI, C2 
Chu-shi Keh-lao. In SE Kuichau, 

China. II, M6 
Chuta. In Baluchistan, NW India. 

II, H6 

Chutia. In the SW part of Assam, 

India. II, K6 
Chuvansi. = ChxLwanze, II, RS2 
Chuvash. In the governments of 

Kazan and Simbirsk, Russia. 

III, JK3 



Chuwanze. S of Chuan Bay, N 
Siberia. II, RS2 

Chuzco. On the Huallaga, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Chwachamaju. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Cia. = Sia. IV, K7 

Cibuni. The Arawak tribes in 
Cuba and the Bahamas. IV, NO 
8,9 

CiLiciA. An ancient country and 
Roman province in SE Asia 
Minor. II, E 5 

Cilia. = Sia. IV, K7 

Cimbri. An ancient people who 
dwelt in central Europe. Ill, 
EF3,4 

Czmmen'an*. = Kimmerians. Ill, H 
4 

Cinateco. = Tzotzil. IV, L9 

Cm^aZe*e. = Singhalese. II, IJ8 

Cipo. On the Purus, a tributary 
of the Amazon. VI, D3 

CiRCAssiA. A region N of the Cau- 
casus Mountains, in the Russian 
government of Kuban. Ill, J4 

Circassians. In Circassia, of the 
W Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Ciscaucasia. The portion of the 
Caucasus N of the Caucasus 
Mountains, exclusive of Dages- 
tan and a part of Baku. Ill, J4 

Citara. In Colombia. VI, C2 

dure. On the Pastassa, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Civaro. = Jivaro. VI, C3 

Clackama. A Chinookan tribe, 
originally in the Willamette 
Valley, and a few of them now 
at Grande Ronde Agency, Ore- 
gon. IV, H6 

Clahoquaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Clallam. A Salish tribe in Wash- 
ington. IV, H6 

Clamet. = Klamath. IV, H6 



63 



Coiba 



Classet. About Cape Flattery, 

Washington. IV, H5,6 
Clastop. S of the lower Columbia, 

Oregon. IV, H6 
Clatsop, = Clastop. IV, H6 
Clear Lake. In N California. IV, 

H6 
Clitua. On the Yapura, a tributary 

of the Amazon. VI, C3 
Cloncurry. a small river in N 

Queensland. V, E5 
Clowetsu. A subdivision of the 

Haeltzuk. IV, G5 
Clutha. a river in the South Is- 
land of New Zealand, 164) miles 

long. V, GH8 
Clyde. (1) A river in W Scotland. 

III, D3. (2) Firth of. The 
estuary of the Clyde River. Ill, 
D3 

Coahuila. a state in N Mexico. 

IV, K8 

Coahuila. On both banks of the 
lower Rio Grande on the bound- 
ary between Mexico and the 
United States. IV, K8 

Coaquilene. S of the lower Rio 
Grande, Mexico. IV, KLS 

Coast Punan. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Coata Tapauiija. On the Juruha, 
a tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Cobblers, = ChxLcklers. II, 17 

Cobeu. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Cocama. At the confluence of the 
Maranon and the Ucayali, up- 
per branches of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Cocamilla. On the Ucayali, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

CocHABAMBA. A department in 
central Bolivia. VI, D4 

Cochaboth. In Paraguay. VI, E5 

Cochenawago. A subdivision of 
the Mohawk. IV, N06 



Cochimi. On the W coast of Lower 
California, Mexico. IV, J 8 

Cochin. A state in the Madras 
presidency, India. II, 17,8 

Cochin China. The southernmost 
tip of French Indo-China. II, 
L7,8 

Cochitemi. = Cochiti. IV, K7,8 

Cochiti. A Keresan tribe in New 
Mexico, and in Chihuahua, Mex- 
ico. IV, K7,8 

Cochitino.^ Cochiti. IV, K7,8 

Cochnawaga. = Cochenawago. IV, 
N06 

Coco. A river in N Nicaragua. 
IV, MIO 

Coco. On the Coco River, Nica- 
ragua. IV, MlO 

Coconuco. In N Ecuador. VI, C 
2,3 

Coconun. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Cocopa, or Cocopah. A division of 
the Yuman Indian family in 
SW Arizona, California, and 
Lower California. IV, HJ7,8 

Cocos Islands. A group in the 
Indian Ocean SW of Java. II, 
KIO 

Cocruna. On the TefFe, a tribu- 
tary of the middle Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Coeruna. On the Rio Negro, an 
affluent of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Coeuna. On the Uaupes River (a 
tributary of the Rio Negro), 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Coeur d'Alene. = Skitsuish. IV, H 
36 

Cofane. On the headwaters of the 
Yapura, Colombia. VI, C2 

Cohidia. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Cohumare. On the Maranon, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Coiba. In Panama, up to the Rio 
Chagres. IV, NlO 



Coimbatore 



64 



Coimbatore. A district of Madras, 

S India. II, 17 
Colac. In the SW part of Victoria. 

V, E7 

Colane. On the Chiura River, NW 
Peru. VI, BC3 

Colchatta. Formerly in W Florida, 
afterward removed to the re- 
gion of the Mississippi ; now ex- 
tinct. IV, N8 ; M8 

Colchians. Inhabitants of ancient 
Colchis, in Asia, E of the Eux- 
ine and S of the Caucasus. II, 
F4 

Colchoqui. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D4-,5 

Colima. On the right bank of the 
river Magdalena, Colombia, VI, 
C2 

Colla. The former name of the 
Aymara. VI, CD4 

Collagua. = Co\\a. VI, CD4 

Collappohyea. = Calapooya. IV, H 
6 

CoLLA-SuYu. One of the four im- 
perial provinces of the Inca 
Empire, Peru. VI, CD4. 

Collina. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Colombia. A republic in NW 
South America; 440,846 sq.mi. 

VI, CD 1-3 

Colongulac. W of Lake Koranga- 
mite, W Victoria. V, E7 

Colorado. (1) A state in the 
Rocky Mountain district, W 
United States. IV, JK6,7. (2) 
Desert. In California. IV, H7. 

(3) A river, flowing from Utah 
through Arizona to the Gulf of 
California, 1,100 miles. IV, J7. 

(4) A river, 900 miles long, in 
Texas. IV, KL7,8 

Colorado. In Ecuador. VI, C3 
Columbia. A river in Oregon, 
Washington, and British Co- 
lumbia, about 1,400 miles long. 



flowing into the Pacific Ocean. 
IV, H5,6 

Colville. Formerly on the upper 
Columbia; now in Washington. 
IV, H5,6 

Comacho. = Komacho. VI, H7 

Comanche. A large tribe of Sho- 
shonean stock in N Texas. IV, 
KL7 

Comande. = Comanche. IV, KL7 

Comani. On the Rio Negro, a 
tributary of the Amazon; now 
nearly, if not quite, extinct. VI, 
D3 

ComecrMc?o. = Carriza. IV, KL8 

Comeya. Between the lower Colo- 
rado River and the Pacific 
Ocean. IV, HJ7 

Commi. On the coast S of the low- 
er Ogowe River, W Africa. I, 
C6 

CoMORiN, Cape. The S point of 
India, in Travancore. II, 18 

Comoro Islands. In Mozambique 
Channel, NW of Madagascar. 
I, G7 

Comux. = Komux. IV, G5 

Conamare. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Conambo. On the headwaters of 
the Tigre (a tributary of the 
upper Amazon), in Ecuador. 
VI, C3 

CoNCEPCioN. (1) A province and 
city in Chile. VI, C6. (2) A city 
in Paraguay. VI, E5 

Conche. In the W part of Florida ; 
now extinct. IV, N8 

Concho. In N Chihuahua, Mexico; 
as a tribe, extinct. IV, K8 

Conchucu. Near Huarez, the capi- 
tal of the department of An- 
cachs, Peru. VI, C3 

CoNDAMiNE. An upper branch of 
the Darling River, in S Queens- 
land. V, EF6 

CoNDE— SuYu. One of the four im- 



65 



Coquimbo 



perial provinces of the Inca 
Empire, Peru. VI, C3 

Conestoga. An important Iroquoi- 
an tribe, along the Susquehanna 
River in Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. IV, N6,7 

Congo. A river in W central Af- 
rica, in and on the boundary of 
Belgian Congo, flowing into the 
Atlantic Ocean; 2,500 to 3,000 
miles long, I, DE5,6 

Congo Free State. Former name 
of Belgian Congo, a region to 
the S and, E of the Congo River. 
I, DE5,6 

Conibo. On the headwaters of the 
Juruha River, a tributary of 
the Amazon, and on the lower 
Ucayali. VI, C3 

Conino. On the Cataract Creek, a 
tributary of the Colorado River, 
Arizona. IV, J7 

Connecticut. (1) A state in S 
New England, United States. 
IV, 06. (2) River. A river 450 
miles long, flowing from N New 
Hampshire to Long Island 
Sound. IV, 06 

Cononioma. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Conoy. An Algonquian tribe, re- 
lated to the Delawares; in 1634 
on the Piscataway River, Mary- 
land. IV, N7 

Constantine. a department in 
NE Algeria. I, C2 

Constantinople. A city in Tur- 
key in Europe. Ill, G4 

CoocH Behar. a native state, N 
Bengal, India. II, J6 

Cook Islands. In E Polynesia, 
SW of the Society Islands. V, 
KL5,6 

Cook Strait. The strait separat- 
ing the N and S islands of New 
Zealand. V, H8 



Coonawane. In the W part of Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Cooniac. A subdivision of the 
Chinook. IV, H6 

Coorg. a province of British In- 
dia, W of Mysore. II, 17 

Coorg. In the SW part of Mysore, 
India. II, 17 

CooRONG. A lake in SE South 
Australia. V, D7 

Coos. The term usually employed 
to denote the villages or tribes 
of the Kusan Family in Oregon. 
IV, H6 

CoosA. A river in Georgia and 
Alabama. IV, M7 

Coo*a. = Coosadi. IV, M7 

Coosadi. Formerly on the rivers 
Coosa and Tallapoosa, Ala- 
bama; now reduced to a few 
individuals, living in Oklahoma 
and on the Trinity River, Texas. 
IV, M7; L7 

Coos Bay. In SW Oregon. IV, H6 

Cootenai. = Kootenai. IV, HJ6 

Copali. A subdivision of the Sali- 
shan Family. IV, HJ5,6 

Copatasa. A subdivision of the 
Jivaro. VI, C3 

Copeh. In N California. IV, H6 

Copehan Family. An Indian lin- 
guistic stock formerly occupy- 
ing a large territory in Cali- 
fornia. IV, H6,7 

Copenhagen. The capital of Den- 
mark. Ill, F3 

Copper Indians. =Tantsawhoot. IV, 
HJ3 

Copper River. In SE Alaska. IV, 
E4 

Copts. Now mostly in Upper 
Egypt, especially near Siut and 
around Lake Birket-el-Kurun. 
They are Christians, and are 
distinguished only by their re- 
ligion from the Fellah. I, F3 

Coquimbo. A province, town, and 
bay in central Chile. VI, C5,6 



Cora 



m 



Cora. A tribe or group of tribes 
belonging to the Piman family 
in Territorio de Tepie, Mexico. 
IV, K9 

Coranine. = Coree. IV, N7 

Cordilleras. A series of moun- 
tain ranges in NW and W 
South America. VI, Cl— 4 

Cordova, or Cordoba. (1) Town 
and province in SW Spain. Ill, 
D5. (2) A province in central 
Argentina. VI, D6 

Corean*. = Koreans. II/N4,5 

Coree. Formerly in the peninsula 
S of the Neuse River, North 
Carolina; now extinct. IV, N7 

Coriciara. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Corinth. (1) A town in S central 
Greece. Ill, G5. (2) Gulf of. 
N of the Morea, Greece. Ill, 
G5. (3) Isthmus of. Joining 
the Morea to Attica, Greece. 
Ill, G5 

Corner Inlet. In S Victoria. V, 
E7 

Coroado. [This word is derived 
from the Portuguese coroa, 
"crown" ; the term refers to the 
peculiar manner in which each 
of the tribes called by this name 
wears the hair.] A name given 
to several different Brazilian 
tribes, namely : ( 1 ) On the Par- 
ahyba River. VI, G3. (2) In 
the state of Rio Grande do Sul. 
VI, E6. (3) In Matto Grosso. 
VI, E4 

Corocoro. A subdivision of the 
Uaupes. VI, D2,3 

CoROMANDEL CoAST. In Madras, 
India. II, IJ7 

Corona. On the TefFe, a tributary 
of the middle Amazon. VI, D3 

Coronado. On the Pastassa (an 
upper branch of the Amazon), 
Ecuador. VI, C3 

Corregidor. a small island near 



S Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 
Correguage. On the headwaters of 
the Caqueta, an upper branch 
of the Yapura, Colombia. VI, 
C2 
Corrientes. a province in Ar- 
gentina. VI, E5 
Corsica. An island in the Mediter- 
ranean Sea to the W of Italy. 
Ill, E4 
Cortys. Between the Tocantins 
and the Araguaya, Brazil. VI, 
F3 
CoRUMBiARA. A tributary of the 
Guapore, a branch of the Rio 
Mamore, in Matto Grosso, Bra- 
zil. VI, D4 
Coshatta. In Texas. IV, KL7,8 
Cosinas. In Santa Marta province, 

Colombia. VI, Cl 
Cossacks. A warlike, pastoral peo- 
ple of Russia, skilful as horse- 
men. Ill, H-K3,4 
Costanoan Family. An Indian lin- 
guistic family on the coast of 
central California. IV, H7 
CosTA Rica. A country in Central 
America, between Nicaragua 
and Panama; 23,000 sq.mi. IV, 
MNIO 
Cotoname. On both banks of the 
lower Rio Grande, in Mexico 
and the United States. IV, L8 
Cotoxo. Near the Rio Doce, Minas 

Geraes, Brazil. VI, F4 
CoTTABATo. A province in Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 
Coua. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 
Cowichan. A group of Salish In- 
dian tribes speaking a single 
dialect; on Vancouver Island, 
British Columbia. IV, G5 
Cowichin. = Cowichan. IV, G5 
Cowlitz. A Salish tribe in W 
Washington. IV, H6 



6T 



Culion 



Coyaima. In the SW part of Co- 
lombia. VI, C2 

Coyotero. A division of the Apache 
Indians in SE Arizona. IV, J7 

Coyuva. In the Cuyos Islands 
(Calamianes), Philippines. V, 
BC2 

Cran. In the state of Goyaz, Bra- 
zil. VI, F3 

Crangez. E of the lower Tocan- 
tins, Brazil. VI, F3 

Cree. An important Algonquian 
tribe in Manitoba and Assini- 
boia, Canada. IV, KL4<,5 

Creek. A confederacy forming the 
largest division of the Mus- 
khogean Family; formerly in 
the greater part of Alabama 
and Georgia. IV, MN7,8 

Cren. The Botocudo name for the 
Tapuya. VI, E3 

Crete. An island about 160 miles 
long, and from 6 to 35 miles 
broad, in the Mediterranean 
Sea, SE of Greece. Ill, G5 

Crichana. Near the Rio Branco, 
N Brazil. VI, D2 

Crimea. A peninsula in S Russia, 
extending into the Black Sea 
and the Sea of Azov. Ill, H4< 

Cristineaux. = Cree. IV, KL4<,6 

Croatan Indians. The legal desig- 
nation in North Carolina for 
a people evidently of mixed In- 
dian and white blood, found in 
various sections of the E part 
of the state. IV, N7 

Croatia. A province in former 
Hungary, now in Jugoslavia. 
Ill, F4 

Croats. The people of Croatia, 
Jugoslavia. Ill, F4 

Croker Island. N of North Aus- 
tralia. V, D5 

Cross. A river E of the Niger in 
W Africa. I, C5 

Crow. A Siouan tribe forming part 



of the Hidatsa group; in Mon- 
tana. IV, JK6 

Crw. = Kru. I, B5 

Crumen. = Krn. I, B5 

Cuaiquere. On the NW coast of 
Ecuador. VI, BC2,3 

Cuba. The chief island of the 
Greater Antilles, to the SE of 
the United States; 44,215 sq.mi. 
IV, M-09 

CucA. The capital of the native 
state of Bornu, S of Lake Chad, 
Africa. I, D4 

Cuccivero. On the lower Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Cuchan. The Yuma proper living 
near the junction of the Gila 
and the Colorado Rivers, Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

Cuchiguara. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Cucica. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Cucurare. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

CMefoa. = Coiba. IV, NlO 

CuENCA. A province in E central 
Spain. Ill, D4,5 

Cueva. = Coiha. IV, NlO 

Cuicateco. In Oajaca, Mexico. IV, 
L9 

Cuitlateco. In the S and W part 
of Michoacan, Mexico. IV, K9 

Cuiyacu. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Cuiyayo. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Cukra. = Carcha. IV, MNlO 

Culamane. A subdivision of the 
Manobo. V, C3 

Culilau-Cunnee. A subdivision of 
the Patagonians in N Pata- 
gonia, Argentina. VI, CD7 

Culina. On the Yavary, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Culion. An island (leper colony) 
NE of Palawan, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, BC2 



Cullar 



68 



Cullar. = Kalian. II, 17 
Cumacuman. On the Yapura, a 

tributary of the Amazon. VI, 

C3 
Cumana. = C\imanagoto. VI, Dl,2 
Cumanacho. In Goyaz, Brazil. 

VI, F3 
Cumanacoto. = Cumanagoto. VI, D 

1.2 
Cumanagoto. On the N coast of 

Venezuela. VI, Dl,2 
Cumanians. A subdivision of the 

Magyars. Ill, FG4- 
Cumayari. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 
Cumhasino. On the Ucayali, an 

upper branch of the Amazon. 

VI, C3 
Cum-she-wa. A subdivision of the 

Haida. IV, FG5 
Cunaguara. In the N part of 

Venezuela. VI, Dl,2 
Cunas. On the Atlantic coast of 

Panama. IV, NlO 
Cunche. A subdivision of the 

Araucanians in S Chile (lat. 

41°S). VI, C7 
Cunco. In the province of Val- 

divia, central Chile. VI, C6,7 
Cuni. = Znm. IV, JK7 
Cunipusana. A subdivision of the 

Barre. VI, D3 
CuQUEiMA. A stream in central 

Angola. I, D7 
Curasao. An island and colony 

in the Dutch West Indies. VI, 

Dl 
Curana. On the Ucayali, an upper 

branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 
Curanari. On the Madeira, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 
Curani. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 
CuRARAY. A tributary of the 

Napo, an upper branch of the 

Amazon. VI, C3 
Curaraye. On the Napo, an upper 

branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 



Curiare. Between the Xingu and 
the Tocantins, Brazil. VI, EF3 

Curiate. Between the Madeira and 
the Tapajos, affluents of the 
Amazon. VI, DE3 

Curiguere. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Curina. Near the mouth of the 
Putumayo, an upper branch of 
the Amazon. VI, D3 

Curis. On the Amazon. VI, E3 

CuRiTiBA. A river in S Brazil. VI, 
F5 

Curitu. On the middle Yapura, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Curuahe. = Curiare. VI, EF3 

Curuaxi. On the Rio Negro, an 
affluent of the Amazon; now 
nearly, if not quite, extinct. VI, 
D3 

Curucuru. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Curupataba. On the Rio Negro, 
an affluent of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Curuzirari. On the S side of the 
middle Amazon. VI, DE3 

CusH. An ancient country in the 
Nile Valley, S of about 24.°N. 
I, F3 

Cushites. One of the two varieties 
(the southern) of Hamites, or 
Ethiopians, coming across to 
Africa from Arabia. I, FG3,4 

Custiniaba. A subdivision of the 
Pirro. VI, C4 

CuTCH. A native state and penin- 
sula, in the NW Bombay presi- 
dency, India. II, HI6 

Cutinano. A subdivision of the 
Jivaro. VI, C3 

CuTTACK. The most S part of 
Bengal, India. II, J 6 

Cuttawa. = Catawba. IV, N7 

Cuxiuara. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 



69 



Dakuhe tede 



CuYos Archipelago. In W cen- 
tral Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Cui/sara. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Cuzare. Between the Xingu and 
the Tocantins, Brazil. VI, EF3 

Cuzco. City and department in 
Peru. VI, C4 

C wan-man. In the E part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Civmry. = Cjinry. Ill, D3 

Cyclades. Greek islands in the 
Aegean Sea. Ill, G5 

Cydnus. a historic river in Cilicia 
(modern Adana), Asia Minor. 
II, E5 

Cymro. The singular form of 
Cymry. Ill, D3 

Cymry, or Cymri. The native name 



of the Welsh or British Celts. 
Ill, D3 

Cyprus. An island in the E part 
of the Mediterranean Sea. Ill, 
H5 

Cyrenaica. An ancient country of 
N Africa, nearly the same as 
modern Barca, to which the 
name is often applied. I, E2 

Cyriono. = Siriono. VI, D 4 

Cythera. The most S of the Io- 
nian Islands. Ill, GS 

Czechoslovakia. A country in 
central Europe, formerly, as 
Bohemia, a part of Austria- 
Hungary; 54,264 sq.mi. Ill, 
FG3,4 

Czechs. In Czechoslovakia. Ill, 
FG3,4 



Uacia. a province of the Roman 
Empire lying between the Dan- 
ube and the Carpathian Moun- 
tains. Ill, G4 

Dacota, or Dacotah. = Dakota. IV, 
KL5,6 

Dadave. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Dadaya. = T)adajag. V, C2 

Dadayag. In Cagayan of Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Dadjo. In Darfur, Africa. I, E4 

Dafla, or Daffla. In N Assam, In- 
dia. II, K6 

Dagari. On the Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Dagestan, or Daghestan, or 
Dagistan. a region in SE Rus- 
sia, on the Caspian Sea. Ill, J4 

Dagomba. On the middle Volta 
River, W Africa. I, BC5 

Dagor. = Daurians. II, N4 

Dahalaki. In the Dahlac Islands 
off Massaua, a seaport on the 
African coast of the Red Sea. 
I, G4 



Dahomans. Natives of Dahomey, 
W Africa. I, C4,5 

Dahomese. = 'Dahovaa.ns. I, C4,5 

Dahomey. A French dependency 
in W Africa. I, C4,5 

Dahomeyans. - Dahomans. I, C4,5 

Dahomi. = Dahomey. I, C4,5 

Z)am. = Dyak. V, B3,4 

Daiaer. = Djah.. V, B3,4 

Daijak. = By ak. V, B3,4 

DaJca. In Adamawa, a region of 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

Dakar. About Cape Verde, W Af- 
rica. I, A4 

DaZs^or. = Daurians. II, N4 

Dakoa. Between the Ubangi and 
the Grinbingi (one of the prin- 
cipal branches of the Shari), 
central Africa. I, D5 

Dakota. The largest division of 
the Siouan family, known com- 
monly as Sioux; in Montana, 
North and South Dakota, and 
a part of Nebraska. IV, KL5,6 

Dakuhe tede. A tribe of the Atha- 
pascan Family. IV, G-L3-7 



Dalhahantu 



70 



Dalhahantu. E of Berbera, a sea- 
port in British Somaliland, E 
Africa. I, G-i 

Dalehura. On the headwaters of 
the Thomson River, central 
Queensland. V, E6 

Dalli. A subdivision of the Mi- 
lanau. V, B3 

Dalmatians. The inhabitants of 
Dalmatia, a province in Jugo- 
slavia. Ill, F4. 

Damaqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. South Africa. I, D8 

Damara. In Damaraland of South- 
west Africa. There are two 
tribes of Hill Damara and 
Plain Damara, but the former 
belong to the Hottentots, the 
latter to the Bantu; they are 
quite distinguished. I, D8 

Damaraland. A region in N 
Southwest Africa. I, D7,8 

Dan. (1) The northernmost town 
in ancient Palestine. II, ES. 
(2) Cape. On the E coast of S 
central Greenland. IV, T 3 

Z)a?ia^Za. = Dongolawi. I, EF4 

Danakil. In the region between 
Abyssinia and the Red Sea, 
from Annesley Bay to the 
Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb. I, G4. 

Danaw. In the S part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Danderong Mountains. In S 
Victoria. V, E7 

Daneji. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Danes. The people of Denmark. 
Ill, EF3 

Dankali. The singular form of 
Danakil. I, G4 

Danu. E of Mandalay, the capital 
of Burma. II, K6 

Danube River. A large river, 
originating in central Europe 
and flowing 1,770 miles south- 
eastward through the Balkans 
to the Black Sea. Ill, FG4 



Danum Madang. A subdivision of 
the Madang. V, B3 

Daphla. =Daiia. II, K6 

Dapishul Porno. On the W coast 
of California. IV, H7 

Dardanelles. A strait, 1 to 4 
miles wide, 40 miles long, be- 
tween Europe and Asiatic Tur- 
key. Ill, G4,5 

Dardi. In Kashmir and the Pa- 
mirs, India. II, 15 

Darfur. a former country in 
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. I, E4 

Dargo. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J4 

Dariamo. On the left bank of the 
Oriomo in the W part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea; those in the 
country bordering upon the 
right bank are known by the 
name of Keruriamo. V, E4 

Darien. a district in E Panama. 
IV, N10,11 

Darling. A river in Australia, 
1,160 miles long, flowing into 
the Murray River. V, E7 

Darmstadt. A city in Hesse, SW 
Germany. Ill, E4 

Darod. A subdivision of the Asha. 

I, G4,5 

Darty Darty. In SW Victoria. V, 

E7 
Darvel Bay. On the E coast of 

British North Borneo. V, B3 
Dashai. The Witchita name for 

the Caddo. IV, L7,8 
Dasyu. The pre-Dravidian aborigi- 
nes of India. II, H— J5— 8 
Daudai. W of the mouth of Fly 

River, British New Guinea. V, 

E4 
Daudzai. In Peshawar District, 

Panjab, India. II, 16 
Daupom. In N California. IV, H6 
Daurians. In central Manchuria. 

II, N4 

Davao. a province in SE Min- 



71 

danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 

Davas. a river in Mindanao, Phil- 
ippine Islands. V, C3 

Davis Strait. Connecting Baffin 
Bay, North America, with the 
Atlantic Ocean. IV, R3 

Dawari. In Abyssinia, I, FG4,5 

Daya. = T>jak. V, B3,4 

Dayah. = T>yak. V, B3,4 

Dayang River. = Tapu River, in 
the Naga district, E Assam, 
India. II, K6 

Dayer. = Dyak. V, B3,4 

Daza. NE of Lake Chad, Africa. 

I, D4 

Dead Sea. A salt lake in S Pales- 
tine, 46 miles long; about 1,300 
feet below the Mediterranean 
Sea. II, E5 

Debnet. A subdivision of the Da- 
nakil. I, G4 

Decapolis. a region in N Pales- 
tine, originally a league of ten 
cities. II, E5 

Deccan. a region in S India be- 
tween the Narbada and the 
Kistna rivers; sometimes used 
for the whole Indian peninsula. 

II, IJ6,7 

Degarrab. In the central Sahara, 
Africa. I, C3 

Degathee Dznee. = Kutchin. IV, F 
G4,5 

De Grey. A river in NW Western 
Australia. V, B6 

Dehgan. On the Kunar, a tribu- 
tary of the Kabul (a branch of 
the Indus), Afghanistan. II, 1 5 

Dekkan. = Deccan. II, IJ6,7 

Delagoa Bay. An inlet of the In- 
dian Ocean in Portuguese East 
Africa. I, F8 

Delaware. (1) A middle Atlantic 
state. United States. IV, 07. 
(2) River. Flowing 350 miles 
from New York into Delaware 
Bay. IV, 06,7. (3) Bay. An 



De Peyster^s Island 

estuary between E Delaware 
and S New Jersey. IV, 07 

Delaware. An Indian confederacy, 
formerly the most important of 
the Algonquian stock, occupy- 
ing the entire basin of the Dela- 
ware River in E Pennsylvania 
and SE New York, together 
with most of New Jersey and 
Delaware. IV, 06,7 

Delgado, Cape. At the N limit 
of Portuguese East Africa. I, 
G7 

Delhi. A province of British In- 
dia, S of the Punjab; also its 
capital, and the capital of the 
Indian Empire, on the Jumna 
River. II, 16 

Delos. a celebrated island of the 
Cyclades group, Greece. Ill, 
G5 

Delphi. A town in Phocis, an- 
cient Greece, containing the 
oracle of Apollo. Ill, G5 

Dembela. On the NW frontier of 
Abyssinia. I, F4 

Dembo. S of the lower Congo, 
about lat. 8°S. I, E6 

Demerara. a river about 200 
miles long flowing into the At- 
lantic, in British Guiana. VI, 
E2 

Dewe. = Athapascan. IV, G-L3-7 

Denham. a river in Western Aus- 
tralia. V, B6 

Denha. = Dinka. I, F5 

Denkera. On the Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Denmark. A kingdom in NW Eu- 
rope; 16,609 sq.mi. Ill, EF3 

D'Entrecasteaux Islands. To 
the E of New Guinea, Mela- 
nesia. V, F5 

Deori. In SW Assam, India. II, 
K6 

De Peyster's Island. One of the 
EUice Islands, W Polynesia. V, 
H4 



Vera Ghazi Khan 



72 



Dera Ghazi Khan. A town on 
the middle Indus, lat. 30 °N, 
India. II, 15,6 

Dera Ismail Khan. A district in 
Panjab, British India. II, 16 

Derajat. a district of the Pan- 
jab, British India. II, Hl5 

Z)ero66o. = Wandorobbo. I, F6 

Desaguadero. a river about 190 
miles long in Bolivia, flowing 
from Lake Titicaca to Lake 
Poopo. VI, D4 

Des Moines. A river 'about 600 
miles long, from SW Minnesota 
to the Mississippi, near Keokuk, 
Iowa. IV, L6 

Dessana. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Detsanayuka. A subdivision of the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Detsekayaa. The Caddo name 
(meaning "dog-eaters") of the 
Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Dewoi. On the St. Paul River, 
Liberia, W Africa. I, AB5 

Dhanook. In the Tarai, a region 
in N India. II, 16 

Dhanwar. In the Tarai, a region 
in N India. II, 16 

Dharkar. In the Central Indian 
Hills. II, 16 

Dher. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Dhimal. In Bhutan. II, JK6 

Dholi. A subdivision of the Gond, 
II, IJ6 

Diaguita. Formerly on the E 
slope of the Andes in N Argen- 
tina (about lat. 27°S) ; now ex- 
tinct. VI, D5 

Diak. = T>jak. V, B3,4 

Dialonka. In the W Sudan, Af- 
rica. I, B4 

Diamantina. a river in central 
Queensland. V, E6 

Diarbekr. a district in Kurdi- 
stan, W Asia. II, EF5 

Z)i&a. = Idiban. I, C5 



Dibong. One of the chief head 
streams of the Brahmaputra, 
India. II, K6 

Dido. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J4< 

Diegueno. A collective name ap- 
plied by the Spanish to Indians 
of Yuman stock who formerly 
lived in and around San Diego, 
California, whence the name. 
IV, H7 

Dieri. E and SE of Lake Eyre, 
South Australia. V, D6 

Dieyerie. ^Dieri. V, D6 

Digger Indians. Said by Powell 
to be the English translation of 
Nuanuints, the name of a small 
tribe near St. George, SW Utah. 
It was the only Paiute tribe 
practicing agriculture, hence 
the original signification of the 
name "Digger." In time the 
name was applied to every tribe 
known to use roots extensively 
for food, and hence to be "dig- 
gers." It thus included very 
many of the tribes of Califor- 
nia, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Ne- 
vada, and Arizona, tribes speak- 
ing widely different languages 
and embracing perhaps a dozen 
distinct linguistic stocks. As the 
root-eaters were supposed to 
represent a low type of Indian, 
the term speedily became one of 
opprobrium. IV, J7; HJ6,7 

Diju. In W Szechuan, China. II, 
L5,6 

Dik-Surki. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 

DiLOLO, Lake. A small lake in 
SE Angola. I, E7 

Dimal. = Dhimal. II, JK6 

DiMAPUR. A village in Assam, NE 
India. II, K6 

Dina. In the Malay Peninsula. II, 
KL8 



73 



Doma 



DiNDiNGS. A part of the Straits 

Settlements. II, L8 
Z)me. = Athapascan. IV, J— L3-7 
Dingding. In Adamawa, a region 

of the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 
Dinka. On the Bahr-el-Jebel (lat. 

8°N) and the right bank of the 

White Nile (lat. 10°N). I, F5 
Dinka Agar. A subdivision of the 

Dinka. I, F5 
Dinka Atot. A subdivision of the 

Dinka. I, F5 
Z)mne. = Athapascan. IV, J— L3— 7 
Dinneh. = Athapascan. IV, J— L3— 7 
Diola. Between the Gambia and 

the Casamanza, W Africa. I, 

A4 
Dioula. = Diola. I, A4 
Dioy. In S Kweichou, China. II, 

L6 
Dippil. A nation in Queensland. 

V, E6 
Dirians. In the mountains S of 

Lake Managua, Nicaragua. IV, 

MlO 
DiRiNON. A town in SW France. 

Ill, E4 
Dirityangura. On the lower Bar- 
coo River, South Australia. V, 

D7 
Ditsakana. A Comanche Indian 

division, the name of which was 

formerly Widyu ("awl"), but 

on the death of a chief bearing 

the same name it was changed 

to Ditsakana. IV, KL7 
DmZa. = Diola. I, A4j 
Divieche. On the Rio Colorado, 

Argentina. VI, T>6 
Djafer bay. A subdivision of the 

Yomut. II, G5 
Djappuminyou. In the NW part 

of Victoria. V, E7 
Djatay. A subdivision of the Us- 

beg. II, H4,5 
Djauan. In North Australia. V, 

D5 



Djebalia. In the S part of Tu- 
nisia. I, CD2 

Djia. The Tibetan name for the 
Mo-sso. II, L6 

Djogdja. a sultanate in Java. V, 
B4 

Dnieper River. A large river in 
Russia, flowing 1,330 miles 
southward into the Black Sea. 
Ill, H3,4 

Dniester River. A river about 
850 miles long, in Poland and 
Russia. Ill, GH4 

Dobeina. Between the Atabara 
and the lower Blue Nile, tribu- 
taries of the Nile. I, F4 

DoBu. A town in SE New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Dobuans. In the district around 
Dobu, New Guinea. V, E4 

DocE, Rio. A stream in Minas 
Geraes, E Brazil. VI, F4 

Doda. In Kashmir, India. II, 15 

Doenbauraket. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 ■ 

Doe*. = Lawa. II, L6 

Do^oZa. = Dongolawi. I, EF4 

Dogolowi. = T)ongolawi. I, EF4i 

Dog-ribs. An Athapascan Dene or 
Tinneh people between Great 
Slave Lake and Great Bear 
Lake, Canada; the name is de- 
rived from a tradition according 
to which they are considered to 
be descendants of dogs. IV, HJ 
3,4 

Dohr. The Nubian name for the 
Bongo. I, E5 

Dokaka. In W Africa. I, B5 

Doko. In the SW part of Kaffa, 
SW Abyssinia. I, F5 

Dokono. In Eritrea, E Africa. I, 
F4 

Dolan. In the W part of Eastern 
Turkestan. II, H4 

Doma. In the basin of the Binue, 
a tributary of the Niger, Af- 
rica. I, C5 



Domb 



74 



Domb. In the district of Vizaga- 
patam, Madras, India. II, 17 

Dominica. A British island in the 
Leeward Islands, West Indies. 

IV, OlO (inset) 
Dominican Republic. A republic 

in the E part of the island of 
Haiti, West Indies. IV, 09 

Doms. In the Tarai, a region in 
N India. II, 16 

Donets. A river in S Russia, flow- 
ing about 670 miles into the 
Don River. Ill, HJ'4 

DoNGOLA. A province of N Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan. I, EF4! 

Dongolawi. In Dongola, a prov- 
ince along the Nile, Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan. I, EF4 

Donjol. A subdivision of the 
Dinka. I, F5 

Don River. A large river in Rus- 
sia, flowing 1,150 miles south- 
ward into the Sea of Azov. Ill, 
HJ3,4 

Donyiro. N of Lake Rudolph, E 
Africa. I, F5 

Dooveraak ha Daan. On the 
Snowy River, E Victoria. V, E7 

Dor. The Dinka name for the 
Bongo. I, E5 

Dorbod. A subdivision of the Kal- 
muck. II, JK4 

Dorians. A rude people from the 
N and NW who, about 1050 
B.C., swept over Greece and oc- 
cupied the S portion of the 
peninsula. Ill, FG4,5 

Doris. An ancient country in N 
Greece, S of Thessaly. Ill, G 
4,5 

Dormen. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Doro&o. = Wandorobbo. I, F6 

Dorobura. On the E side of the 
Belyando River, E Queensland. 

V, EF6 

Douaich. = Duaish. I, A4 
Doungane. = T)ungan. II, L5 



Doura. NW of Port Moresby, 
British New Guinea. V, E4 

DouRGUES. A town in Aude, SW 
France. Ill, E4 

Drakensberg. Mountains in Na- 
tal and Cape Colony, SE Af- 
rica. I, EF8,9 

Drave, or Drau, or Drava. A riv- 
er in Jugoslavia, 450 miles 
long, flowing into the Danube. 
Ill, FG4 

Dravidians. A collective name for 
the aborigines in the greater 
part of India S of the river 
Narbada, and in Bengal and 
Ceylon; of which the chief tribes 
are the Canarese, Gond, Khond, 
Malaiali, Oraon, Tamil, Telugu, 
Toda, Tulu, Veddah, etc. II, 
I-J6-8 

Drok-pa. = Dru-pa. II, JK5 

Drugu. On the Ituri, a tributary 
of the Congo, central Africa. 
I, E6 

Druids. Members of a religious 
order among the ancient Celts. 
Ill, DE3,4 

Dru-pa. Peaceful, semi-nomadic 
pastoral tribes on the N pla- 
teaux of Tibet. II, JK5 

Druses. On the N range of Mount 
Lebanon, Syria. II, E5 

Druses. = T)rnses. II, E5 

Dschaluo. = Jaluo. I, F5,6 

Dshiget. A subdivision of the Cir- 
cassians. Ill, J4 

DuAB. The country between the 
Amu Daria (Oxus) and Syr 
Daria (Jaxartes), and running 
up into the Pamirs; W Turke- 
stan. II, H4,5 

Duaish. Moors of Senegambia. I, 
A4 

Dualla. In Cameroon, W Africa. 
I, D5 

DuBENSK. A village in Finland. 
Ill, G2 

DuDUDU. A district in the D'En- 



75 

trecasteaux Islands, Melanesia. 
V, F5 

Duffla. =Daf[a. II, K6 

Dughaim. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 

Duke of York Island. One of 
the Union or Tokelau group, 
Polynesia. V, K4 

Dulangane. In the S part of 
Davao, Mindanao, Philippine 
Islands. V, C3 

Dume. N of Lake Rudolph, E Af- 
rica. I, F5 

DuNDALK. A town in E central 
Ireland. Ill, D3 

Dungan. Near the boundaries of 
Tibet, Mongolia, and China 
proper. II, L5 

Dunqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. South Africa. I, D8 

Duodez. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J4 

Due AN GO. A state in W central 
Mexico. IV, K8,9 

Durani. In the S and SW parts 
of Afghanistan. II, H 5 

Durban. In Mongolia. II, LM4 

Durbat. In NW Mongolia. II, K4 

Durugmun. In the highest parts 
of the mountains of Mindoro, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Dusadh. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 

Dusun. In British North Borneo. 
V, B3 

Dutch. The people of the Nether- 
lands. Ill, E3 

Dutch East Indies. The posses- 
sions of the Netherlands in Ma- 
laysia; 739,559 sq.mi. V, A-E 
3-5 



East Cape 

Dutch Guiana. A colony of the 
Netherlands in N South Ameri- 
ca; 46,060 sq.mi. VI, E2 

Duwinbarap. In the NW part of 
Victoria. V, E7 

DviNA. A river in Russia, about 
1,100 miles long, flowing into 
Dvina Bay, an arm of the White 
Sea. Ill, J2,3 

Dwaish. N of the middle Senegal 
River, W Africa. I, A4 

Z)waZa. = Dualla. I, D5 

Z)waZZa. = Dualla. I, D5 

Dwamish. On the Dulalip reser- 
vation, Washington. IV, H6 

DwiNA. = Dvina. Ill, J2,3 

Dya. = 'Djak. V, B3,4 

Dyah. A generic name for the na- 
tives in the interior of Borneo; 
they are divided into Dusun, 
Land Dyak, Punan, Sea Dyak, 
etc. V, B3,4 

Dyahin. A subdivision of the Shi- 
look. I, F4,5 

Dyandal. The Tungus name for 
the Samoyed. Ill, KL2 

Dyange. = iyrDk.ai. I, F5 

Dyanhe. = T>vaka.. I, F5 

Dyoh. A subdivision of the Shi- 
look. I, F4,5 

Dyoor. = T>jur. I, EF5 

D^owra. = Minianka. I, D4 

Dyur. W of the Bahr-el-Jebel 
(lat. 6°N), the upper part of 
the Nile. I, EF5 

Dzhami. A subdivision of the Al- 
banians. Ill, FG4 

Dzitsista. The native name for 
the Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

D^fO. = Lushai. II, K6 



£Lamus. = Yama,see. IV, N7 
East African Protectorate. 
Former name for modern Ken- 



ya and Uganda Protectorate. I, 
FG5,6 

East Cape. (1) The NE ex- 



Easter Island 



76 



tremity of Asia, on the Bering 
Strait; sometimes called Cape 
Dezhnev. IV, B3. (2) The E 
extremity of New Guinea. V, 
E5 

Easter Island. In the S Pacific 
Ocean, W of South America ; 
about lat. 27 °S, and long. 110° 
W 

East Greenlanders. The Eskimo 
inhabiting the E coast of Green- 
land. They are divided into two 
groups : ( 1 ) The Angmagsaling- 
miut, inhabiting the f j ords about 
Cape Dan. IV, TU3. (2) The 
S group, formerly scattered 
about the coast southward. IV, 
T4 

East Indies. A collective name 
applied, somewhat vaguely, to 
India, Indo-China, and espe- 
cially to the Malay Archipelago. 
The following are the more im- 
portant of the East India is- 
lands [asterisks are placed be- 
fore the more populous ones] : 

Adenara I. 
Adi I. 

*Admiralty I. 
Admiralty Is. 
Aiu (Yowl) Is. 
Allison I. 
Amberpua I. 
Amblau I. 
Amboina I. 
Anambas Is. 
Angermeus I. 
Ansus I. 
Ariaga I. 
Arimoa Is. 
*Aru Is. 
Asia I. 

Baba I. (Babber) 
Babber (Baba I.) 
Babi (Simalu) I. 
*Bali I. 
Banda Is. 
Banda Lontar 
Banda Nera 
Bangaai I. 
Bangkuhi I. 



Banguey I. 
*Banka I. 
Banyak Is. 
Basso I. 
Batanta I. 
Bat jam I. 
Batu Is. 
Bejaren I. 
Bewean I. 
Biak I. 
Billiton I. 
Binongka Is. 
Bintang I. 
Bird (Manu) I. 
Bisa I. 
*Borneo 
Boudeuse I. 
Bouru I. 
Buton I. 

Cabio Is. 
*Celebes 
*Ceram I. 
Ceram Laut Is. 

Damma I. 

Dampier (Krakar) I. 
Deli I. 

*D'Entrecasteaux Is. 
Deslacs I. 
Djimaja I. 
Du Faure I. 
Duportail I. 
Durour I. 
D'Urville I. 

Elat I. 
Elizabeth I. 
Engano I. 
Ennu I. 

*Flores I. 
Forestier I. 
French Is. 

Gagi I. 
Gardner I. 
Garnot I. 
Gazelle Peninsula 
G'Bagebag 
Gebi I. 

Gerrit Deuys I. 
Gicquel I. 
*Gilolo I. 
Goodenough I. 
Goram I. 
Gracious Is. 
Great Kei I. 
Great Natuna I. 



77 



East Indies {Continued) 



Great Sangir I. 
Great Walea I. 
Gunong Api 

Haruka I. 
Hegadis I. 
Hermit Is. 
Hohe I. 
Horn I. 
Homo I. 

Jacquinot I. 
Jappen (Jobi) I. 
*Java 

Jesu Maria 
Jobi (Jappen) I. 

Kabalusu I. 

Kaburuan I. 

Kadupa Is. 

Kaioa I. 

Kakaban I. 

Kalao I. 

Kalatoa I. 

Kambaugan I. 

Kambing I. 

Kambyna I. 

Kangeau Is. 

Kanu I. 

Karakalong Is. 

Karakelang I. 

Karimata I. 

Karimon Java Is. 

Kei Dulan I. 

Kei Is. 

Kilwaru I. 

Kissa I. 

Kiwai I. 

Kobrur I. 

Kokos I. 

Komodo I. 

Krakar (Dampier) I. 

Krakatua 

Labnan I. 

Lakor I. 

Larat I. 

Laut I. 

La Vandola 

L'Echiquier 

Lepar I. 

Letti I. 

Linga I. 

Lit I. 

Little Kei I. 

Little Paternoster Is. 

Lomblen I. 

*Loinbok I. 

Long I. 



Madu 1. 

*Madura I. 

Makaleha I. 

Makian I. 

Mandjoli I. 

Mangola I. 

Manu (Bird) I. 

Manui I. 

Maratua I. 

Matabella Is. 

Matty I. 

Mayang I. 

Mayo I. 

Meangis Is. 

Meares I. 

*Mentawi Is. 

Merite I. 

Merkara I. 

Misol I. 

Misory (Schouten) I. 

Miuswar I. 

Moa I. 

Molu I. 

*Molucca (Spice) Is. 

Morotai I. 

Motir I. 

Mulgrave Is. 

Muna I. 

Nassau Is. 

Nanusa I. 

*Neu Pommern (New Britain) 

*New Britain 

*New Guinea (Papua) 

New Hanover 

*New Ireland (New Mecklen- 
burg) 

New Lauenburg 

*New Mecklenburg (New Ire- 
land) 

Nias I. 

Nila I. 

Niulwan I. 

Normanby I. 

North Pagi I. 

Nusa Tello I. 

Nussalaut 

Obi Major 
Ombay I. 

Padang I. 

Pamarung Is. 

Pan j or I. 

Pantar I. 

*Papua (New Guinea) 

Paternoster Is. 

Peling Is. 

Pini I. 



East Indies (Continued) 

Po Laut Is. 

Popa I. 

Postilion Is. 

Prince Frederick Henry I. 

Princes I. 

Pua I. 

Pulo Nawi I. 

Purdy Is. 

Quoy I. 

Raoul I. 

Rau I. 

Riaboa I. 

Rindya I. 

Rion I. 

Riou (Bintang) I. 

Rittan I. 

Rock I. 

Roissy I. 

Roma I. 

Rotti (Rottee) 

Rupert I. 

Saibai I. 

St. David Is. 

Ste Barbe 

St. Esprit Group 

St. George 

St. Mathias I. 

St. Matthew Is. 

Salawatti I. 

Salayer I. 

*Sandalwood I. 

San Gabriel 

Sangir Is. 

San Rafael 

Saparua I. 

Sapudi I. 

Savou (Savu) 

Schouten (Misory) I. 

Selaru 

Semao I. 

Sermata I. 

Serua I, 

Shanpi Is. 

Siang I. 

Siao I. 

Siberut I. 

Silibabu I. 

Simalu (Babi) I. 

Singkap I. 

Sipora 

Siumpu I. 

Soboekae 

Solombo I. 

Sook I. 

South Natuma I. 

South Pagi I. 



78 



*Spice (Molucca) Is. 
Squally I. 
Stokong I. 
Sugarloaf 
*Suniatra 
*Sumbawa I. 

Talauer Is. 
Talaut I. 
Talbot I. 
Talenading Is. 
Tallabo I. 
Talisse I. 
Tambelan Is. 
Tan ah Jampea 
Tanna Balla 
Tanna Massa 
Tapa I. 
Tawali I. 
Temate I. 
Tidore I. 
Tifori I. 
Tiger I. 
*Timor I, 
Timorlaut Is. 
Tindiyl I. 
Toa I. 
Togean Is. 
Tragan I. 
Traitors Is. 
Trieste Is. 
Trobriand Is. 
Tukau Besi Is. 
Tunangkui I. 
Tupinier I. 

Vavay I. 
Vischer I. 
Volcano I. 
Vordate I. 
Vulcan I. 

Waigiu I. 
Wanga Wangi Is. 
Wariari I. 
Wawoni I. 
"Welle I. 
Western Is. 
Wetta I. 
Willaumez I. 
Wokau I. 

XuUa Besi 
XuUa Is. 

Yamadena I. 
Yowl (Aiu) Is. 
Yule I. 



79 



Ellesmere Land 



Eboe. = Iho. I, C5 

Ebro. Ancient Iberus ; a river 470 
miles long, flowing from NE 
Spain into the Mediterranean. 

III, DE4. 

Echeetee. = Hitchittee. IV, MN7,8 
Echeloot. A subdivision of the 

Chinook; probably extinct. IV, 

H6 
Echuca. On the lower Campaspe, 

N Victoria. V, E7 
Ecuador. A country in NW South 

America; 116,000 sq.mi. VI, B 

C2,3 
Ecube. A subdivision of the Mege. 

I, E5 
Edchawtawoot. W of Great Slave 

Lake, Canada. IV, H4 
Eddystone Island. One of the 

Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 

F4 
Edeeyah. = Bubi. I, C5 
Ediya. = Bubi. I, C5 
jBJi^o/i. = Bubi. I, C5 
Edo. A nation in S Nigeria. I, C5 
Edom. = Idumaea. II, E5,6 
Edomites. A people who lived in 

Edom, an ancient region in the 

lowland S of the Dead Sea, 

Palestine. II, E5,6 
Edugaula. In SE New Guinea. V, 

E4 
Eel. a river in NW California. 

IV, H6,7 

Eeliknus. A subdivision of the 

Tlinkit. IV, F4 
Eesa. = Isa. I, G4 
Efate. Another name for Sand- 
wich Island, New Hebrides, 

Melanesia. V, G5 
Efatese. Natives of Efate, New 

Hebrides. V, G5 
Efe. The native name of the Ak- 

ka. I, E5 
Effik. = Efik. I, C5 
Efik. On the Old Calabar River, 

E of the lower Niger, Africa. 

I, C5 



Efut. = Mfut. I, D5 

Egap. In central Cameroon. I, D5 

Egba. A Yoruba tribe on the Slave 
Coast, W Africa, I, C5 

Egbira-Hima. At the junction of 
the Binue and the Niger, Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Eghap. = Fi gap. I, D5 

Egypt. A country in NE Africa; 
350,000 sq.mi. I, EF2,3 

Eireiab. A subdivision of the Beja. 
I, F3,4 

^jo. = Idzo. I, C5 

Ekhar. A subdivision of the Ora- 
on. II, IJ6 

Ekiti. NE of the Jebu tribe, on 
the Slave Coast, W Africa. I, 
C5 

EkoL On the boundary of Came- 
roon and S Nigeria. I, C5 

Ekuri-Amunakuna. In Nigeria, W 
Africa. I, C5 

Elam. An ancient country N of 
the Persian Gulf, whose capi- 
tal was Susa. II, F5 

Elburz. a chain of mountains in 
N Persia. II, FG5 

£Zc?oro6o.= Wandarobbo. I, F6 

Elema. In the SE part of New 
Guinea. V, E4 

Eleusis. An ancient city in At- 
tica, E central Greece. Ill, G5 

Eleut. Native name of the Kal- 
muck. II, JK4! 

Elgeyo. NE of the Victoria Ny- 

anza, Africa. I, F5 
Elgon, Mount. A volcanic peak 

in SE Uganda Protectorate, E 

central Africa. I, F5 
Elgonyi. NE of the Victoria Ny- 

anza, Africa. I, F5 
jEZg-MTOfl. = Turkana. I, F5 
Elis. Province and town (ruins) 

in W central Greece. Ill, G5 
El Kantara. A village on the 

Suez Canal. I, F2 
Ellesmere Land. A district in 



Ellice Islands 



80 



the Arctic Circle, W of Green- 
land. IV, NOl,2 

Ellice Islands. A group in W 
Polynesia. V, H4 

Elmina. On the Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

El Paso. A town on the Rio 
Grande, W Texas. IV, K8 

Embata. On the upper Welle 
(about long. 27°E), a tribu- 
tary of the Ubangi, central Af- 
rica. I, E5 

Emherre. In Kenya, E Africa. I, 
F5 

Embu. In Kenya, E Africa. I, F5 

Emin. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 

II, F6 

jBmmes. = Jemez. IV, K7 

Emon. In SE Queensland. V, F6 

Empanang. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Emu Mudjug. In NE Victoria. V, 
E7 

Enaguare. = Guagna. VI, C3 

Enbau. A subdivision of the Ma- 
loh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Encabellado. On the Napo, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Enderby Island. A large island 
in the Antarctic Ocean, lat. 67° 
S, long. 50°E. I, GH12 

Engano. An island to the W of S 
Sumatra, in the Indian Ocean. 
V, A4 

Engerecmunk. = Botocudo. VI, F4 

Enghroh. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

England. A country in the Brit- 
ish Isles, NW Europe; 50,874 
sq.mi. Ill, DE3 

English. The people of England. 

III, DE3 

Engrat. A subdivision of the Land 

Dyak. V, B3,4. 
jBwig-ma^a. = Cochaboth. VI, E5 
Enliai. On the Kapuas River in 



the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, AB4 

Ennedi. In the N part of Darfur, 

Africa. I, E4 
Eno. Formerly in central North 

Carolina; now extinct. IV, N7 
Ensanzi. a forest region in the 

Uganda Protectorate. I, F5 
Ensilat. A subdivision of the Ma- 
loh Dyak. V, B3,4 
Entre Rios. a province in NE 

Argentina. VI, DE6 
Ephthlites. A mixed Turki and 

Tungus people who poured into 

India in the 5th century a.d. II, 

HI2-6 
Epirus. a country of ancient 

Greece, now in S Albania and 

NW Greece. Ill, G4,5 
Epopa. A subdivision of the Mege. 

I, E5 

Equiniquinao, In Paraguay. VI, 
E5 

Eraan. On Darvel Bay, British 
North Borneo. V, B3 

jB ranmn*. = Iranians. II, GH5,6 

Eravallar, or Eravallen. In Co- 
chin, S India. II, I7 

Erepunaca. On the Madeira, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Eridu. An ancient city in Sumer, 
the S portion of Mesopotamia. 

II, F5 

Erie. A populous sedentary Iro- 
quois tribe, S of Lake Erie; 
destroyed in 1656 by the Iro- 
quois. IV, N6 

Erie, Lake. One of the Great 
Lakes of North America. IV, 
N6 

Erio. At the mouth of the Russian 
River, on the W coast of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Eriruma. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Eriteyne. A subdivision of the 
Iquito. VI, C3 



81 



Etene 



Eritrea. An Italian colony in NE 
Africa^ along the Red Sea; 45,- 
800 sq.mi. I, FG4. 

Erivan. a district in Transcau- 
casia. II, F4 

Ersari. On the left bank of the 
middle Amu Daria, Bokhara. 
II, H5 

Erussi. On the W coast of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Erzerum, a district in E Asia 
Minor. II, F5 

EscoNDiDO. A river in Nicaragua. 
IV, MIO 

Eshikongo. = 'Bak.ongo. I, D6 

EsTcimauan Family. A linguistic 
stock of North American abo- 
rigines, comprising two well- 
marked divisions, the Eskimo 
and the Aleut, q.v. 

Eskimo. "A generic name for the 
natives inhabiting the coasts of 
Greenland and the Arctic re- 
gion from Labrador to Alaska 
and the Asiatic shore of Bering 
Strait. On the W coast of Green- 
land, they extend to Smith 
Sound in lat. 78° 18'. On the 
E coast, their N limit is not at 
present known, but in 1823 
Captain Clavering found them 
in 74°30'. In Grinnell Land, 
General Greely found traces of 
their permanent habitations 
near Fort Conger, lat. 81°44'. 
Their southernmost limit is 
Hamilton Inlet (about lat. 55°) 
in Labrador. The term was de- 
rived from eskimantik, a name 
first given to them in Labra- 
dor by the Abnaki, meaning 
'eaters of raw flesh'; this word 
was spelled Esquimaux by the 
French, and by the Danes, Es- 
kimo. Most of them generally 
call themselves Innuit ('peo- 
ple'), those in Greenland Kara- 



lit (popularly Greenlanders), 
and those in Asia Yuit ('men')." 
(Matsumura, Gazetteer of Eth- 
nology, p. 121.) About half the 
Canadian arctic islands are 
either occupied now by Eski- 
mos or visited by them occasion- 
ally. IV, A-Tl-5 

Eskin. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Eski-Turks. The native name of 
the Kizil Bashi. II, D-F4,5 

Eslen. E and S of Monterey, Cali- 
fornia; now extinct. IV, H 7 

Esmeraldas. An ancient tribe on 
the coast of Ecuador. VI, BC2,3 

EspiRiTO Santo. A state in E Bra- 
zil. VI, FG4,5 

Esquimaux. = Eskimo. IV, A— Tl— 5 

Esselen. A tribe of California In- 
dians. IV, H7 

EssiQuiBO. A river in British 
Guiana, about 500 miles long. 
VI, E2 

Estakewach. In NE California. 
IV, H6 

£*^^. = Esthonians. Ill, G3 

Esthonians. Natives of Estonia 
and the adjacent islands. Ill, 
G3 

Estonia. A country E of the Bal- 
tic Sea; 16,955 sq.mi. Ill, G3 

Estremadura. (1) An old prov- 
ince in W Spain. Ill, D5. (2) 
A province in SW Portugal. 
Ill, D5 

Eta. = Aeta. V, BC2,3 

Etchareottine. An Athapascan 
tribe W of Great Slave Lake, 
NW Canada. IV, HJ4 

Etchemin. In Maine and New 
Brunswick. IV, N06 

Etchita. = Uitchittee. IV, MN7,8 

Etene. In the valleys in the S part 
of Lambayeque, NW Peru. VI, 
C3 



Ethelena 



82 



Ethelena. In Paraguay. VI, ES 

Ethiopia. = Abyssinia. I, FG4j5 

Ethiopians. (1) Natives of Ethi- 
opia, an indefinite ancient re- 
gion S of Egypt. I, E— G3-5. 
(2) Sometimes used the same 
as Negro, 3, q.v. 

Etruria. An ancient country in 
central Italy, now Tuscany and 
a part of Umbria. Ill, F4 

Etrurians. = Fjtruscans. Ill, F4 

Etruscans. The ancient inhabit- 
ants of Etruria, whose main 
element probably came from 
Lydia in Asia Minor perhaps 
about 1000 B.C. Ill, F4 

Euahlayi. In NW New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Euchee. = \J elite.. IV, N7 

Euchre Creek. A subdivision of 
the Athapascan Family. IV, G— 
L3-7 

Eudeve. On the Rio Yaqui, So- 
nera, Mexico. IV, J8 

Euphrates. A large river flowing 
1,600 miles through Mesopo- 
tamia and Persia into the Per- 
sian Gulf. II, EF5 

Euroc. = Yurok. IV, H6 

Europe. A continent in the East- 



ern Hemisphere, W of Asia; 
3,814,000 sq.mi. Ill 

Europeans. A generic name for 
tlie inhabitants of Europe. Ill 

Euskaldunuk. The native name for 
the Basques. Ill, DE4 

EuxiNE Sea. = Black Sea. Ill, 
G-J4 

Euzbeg. = JJsheg. II, H4,5 

Everglades. A swamp region in 
S Florida. IV, N8 

Evistsuniphi. A subdivision of the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Evvia, or Euboea. A Greek is- 
land in the Aegean Sea. Ill, G5 

Erve. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Erveawo. On the Slave Coast, W 
Africa. I, C5 

£w/?e. = Ewe. I, C5 

Eyap. = Egap. I, D5 

Eyeish. A tribe of the Caddo Con- 
federacy, Texas. IV, L7 

Eyre, Lake. A shallow salt lake 
in South Australia. V, D6 

Eyre's Peninsula. In South Aus- 
tralia, W of Spencer's Gulf. V, 
D7 

Ezuga. A subdivision of the Waki- 
kuyu. I, F6 



Jt' adniyeh. On the middle Nile 
(about lat. 17°N). I, F4 

Fagani. a town in San Cristoval, 
Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F4 

Fains Island. In the Caroline Is- 
lands, Micronesia. V, E3 

Fajelu. A subdivision of the Bri. 
I, F5 

Falasha. In the region around 
Lake Tsana in Abyssinia. I, F4 

Falghar. On the Zerafshan River, 
Bokhara. II, HI5 



Fall. On the upper Binue River, 

Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 
Falkland Islands. A group of 
200 islands in the South Atlan- 
tic Ocean, E of S South Ameri- 
ca. VI, DE8 
FaZZ. = Minnetari. IV, KL6 
Fallangh. On the left bank of the 
Sobat, a tributary of the upper 
Nile. I, F5 
Fam-Fam. = Fan, 1. I, CD 5,6 
Fan. (1) In the basins of the 
Ogowe and Gabun rivers, just 



83 



Finns 



N of the Equator, W Africa. 

I, CD5,6. (2) On the Zeraf- 

shan River, Bokhara. II, HI.5 
Fang. (l) = Fan, 1. I, CD5,6. (2) 

= Fan, 2. II, HI5 
Fangalele. A subdivision (totemic 

group) of natives in Tikopia. 

V, G5 
Fan-tch'eng-ta. In NE Kwang-si, 

China. II, LM6 
Fanti. A Tshi-speaking people on 

the Gold Coast, W Africa. I, B5 
Fanti-Land. Practically all the 

British possessions on the Gold 

Coast, W Africa. I, B5 
Fanwe. = Fan. I, CD.5,6 
Faraone. A subdivision of the 

Apache. IV, JK7 
Farkana. A subdivision of the 

Imghad. I, D^ 
Faroe. A group of Danish islands 

in the North Atlantic Ocean, 

N of Scotland. Ill, D2 
Ears. = Farsistan. II, G6 
Farsi. About Persepolis in Persia; 

one of the two main groups of 

Persians. II, G5,6 
Farsistan. a province in SW Per- 
sia. II, G6 
Farther India. The district to 

the E and NE of India; see 

Indo-Chixa. II, KL6,7 
Faung. = Fan, 1. I, CD.5,6 
Fawin. = Dahoman. I, C4!,5 
Fayal. One of the Azores Islands, 

in the North Atlantic Ocean. 
Fayum. A province of Egypt. I, 

EF3 
Fead Islands. = Abgarris. V, F4 
Fecane. N of the Great Fish Riv- 
er, South Africa. I, E9 
Fedayan. A subdivision of the 

Baggara. I, EF4 
Feili. In Luristan, a province of 

W Persia. II, F. 5 
Fellaheen, or Fellahin. = Fellahs. 

I, F2,3 
Fellahs. Especially in the rural 



districts of the Nile Delta and 
Lower Egypt. They are de- 
scendants of the ancient Egyp- 
tians, belonging to the agri- 
cultural class of Egypt. I, F2,3 

Fellani. The Haussa name for the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,.5 

Fellata. The Kanuri name for the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Felup. In the basins of the Casa- 
manza and Cacheo rivers, W 
Africa. I, A4 

Fergana. A government in cen- 
tral Asia. II, 1 4, .5 

FermyZi. = Purmuli. II, 1.5 

Fernando Po. Island in the Bight 
of Biafra, Gulf of Guinea, W 
Africa. I, Co 

Feroibe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Ferozepore. a district of the 
Jullundur division of Punjab, 
British India. II, 16 

Fertit. On the headwaters of the 
Bahr-el-Arab, a tributary of the 
upper Nile. I, E5 

Fezzan. a region in N Africa, S 
of Tripoli. I, D3 

Ffon. = Dahoman. I, C4,.5 

Fijians. Natives of the Fiji Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, H.5 

Fiji Islands. An important group 
of islands in Melanesia; 7,083 
sq.mi. V, H.5 

Filani. = Fulah. I, B— E4,.5 

Filatah. = ¥ulah. I, B-E4,5 

Filipinos. The natives of the 
Philippine Islands. V, BC2,3 

Fingo. = Ania.Rngo. I, E9 

Fingu. N of the Great Fish River, 
South Africa; their earlier 
name was Fecane. I, E9 

Finke. a river in North Aus- 
tralia. V, Do 

Finland. A country NW of Rus- 
sia; 132,510 sq.mi. Ill, GH2 

Finns. Natives of Finland. Ill, 
GH2 



Fiomi 



84i 



Fiomi. In Tanganyika, E Africa. 
I, F6 

Fiote, or Fioti. = Bakongo. I, D6 

Fittobe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4.,5 

FiTZROY, (1) A river in NW 
Western Australia. V, C5. (2) 
A small river in S Queensland. 
V, E6 

Five Civilised Tribes. A term used 
both officially and unofficially in 
modern times to designate col- 
lectively the Cherokee, Chicka- 
saw, Choctaw, Creek, and Semi- 
nole tribes, applied on account 
of the advance made by these 
tribes toward civilized life and 
customs. IV, MN7,8 

F_;orf. = Bakongo. I, D6 

Flanders. A district in Nether- 
lands, Belgium, and France. 
Ill, E3,4 

Flatbow. = Kootenai. IV, HJ5 

Flathead. (l) = Choctaw. IV, M7, 
8. (2) A name given by their 
neighbors to the Salish, al- 
though the Salish have no such 
custom as is indicated by the 
name. IV, HJ5,6 

Flattery, Cape. A cape in NW 
Washington. IV, G5 

Flemings. In the N part of Bel- 
gium. Ill, E3 

Florence. A city in Tuscany, N 
central Italy. Ill, F4 

Flores. An island in the Dutch 
East Indies. V, C4! 

Florida. A state in SE United 
States. IV, MNS 

Florida Island. One of the Solo- 
mon Islands, Melanesia. V, G4 

Fly River. The largest river of 
New Guinea, mostly in the Brit- 
ish part; it flows into the Gulf 
of Papua. V, E4 

Fo. In Togoland, W Africa. I, C5 

Folle Avoine. The French trans- 
lation of Addle-Head, an appel- 



lation of the Menomeni. IV, M6 

Fon. = Dahoman. I, C4,5 

Fonseca, Gulf of. Between Sal- 
vador, Honduras, and Nicara- 
gua, on the W coast. IV, MlO 

For. = Fur. I, E4 

Formentera, One of the Balearic 
Islands, in the W Mediter- 
ranean Sea. Ill, G5 

Formosa. An island in the China 
Sea in the S part of the Japa- 
nese Empire. II, N6 

Forth, Firth of. The estuary of 
the Forth River, SE Scotland. 

III, D3 

Fort Yukon. At the junction of 
the Yukon and Porcupine riv- 
ers, Alaska. IV, E 3 

FoTUNA Island. One of the New 
Hebrides. V, G5 

Fox. An Algonquian tribe for- 
merly in Wisconsin. IV, M6 

Fox Channel. NW of Hudson 
Strait, Canada. IV, N3 

France. A country in NW Eu- 
rope; 212,659 sq.mi. Ill, DE3,4. 

Franklin. A former district in 
Canada, consisting of the is- 
lands N of the continent ; now a 
part of Northwest Territories. 

IV, G-Pl-3 

Franks. The name given in the 3d 
century to a confederation of 
German tribes. They were di- 
vided into three groups, the 
Catti, the Salian Franks, and 
the Ripuarian Franks. In the 
5th century, under their king, 
Clovis, the Salian Franks in- 
vaded Central Gaul, and this 
gave origin to the name France. 
Ill, DE3,4. 

Fransmann Hottentots. In S 
Southwest Africa; now gradu- 
ally disappearing. I, DS 

Franz Josef Land. An archipel- 
ago N of Nova Zembla, in the 
Arctic Ocean. II, GHl 



85 

Fraser River. A larger river flow- 
ing 740 miles southward through 
British Columbia. IV, H5 

Freetown. The capital of Sierra 
Leone, W Africa. I, A5 

French. The people of France. 
Ill, DE3,4. 

French Equatorial Africa. For- 
merly French Congo. A region 
extending from the Sahara to 
the Congo River; 982,049 sq, 
mi. I, C-E4-6 

French Guiana. A French colony 
in N South America; 32,000 sq. 
mi. VI, E2 

French Guinea. French West Af- 
rica between Portuguese Guin- 
ea and Sierra Leone; 95,218 sq. 
mi. I, AB4,5 

French Indo-China. In SE Asia, 
comprising Cochin China col- 
ony, the protectorates of Cam- 
bodia, Annam, Tonkin, and 
Laos, and the leased territory 
of Kwangchow-wan ; 274,385 sq. 
mi. II, L6-8 

French Somali Coast Protec- 
torate. Between Eritrea and 
Somaliland Protectorate, E Af- 
rica ; 5,790 sq.mi. I, G4 

French West Africa. A region 
comprising Senegal, Dahomey, 
Ivory Coast, French Guinea, 
Upper Senegal and Niger, the 
Military Territory of the Niger, 
and Mauritania; 1,800,566 sq. 
mi. I, A-E3-5 

French West Indies. The is- 
lands of Guadeloupe, La Desi- 
rade, Les Saintes, Marie Ga- 
lante, Martinique, Saint-Bar- 
thelemy, and a part of Saint- 
Martin. IV, OlO (inset) 

Frentani. An ancient Italian peo- 
ple who inhabited the Adriatic 
coast. Ill, F4 



Fyat 

Friendly Islands. = Tonga Is- 
lands, Polynesia. V, J5 

Fne*mn*. = Frisians. Ill, E3 

Friesland. a province in the 
Netherlands. Ill, E3 

Frisians. In the N part of the 
Netherlands, and the NW ex- 
tremity of Germany. Ill, E3 

Frobisher Bay. In SE Baffin 
Land. IV, OP3,4 

Fuegians. In Tierra del Fuego, 
South America; they include 
the Alakaluf, Haush, Ona, and 
Yahgan. VI, D8 

Fuji, or Fujiyama, or Fujisan. 
A sacred mountain, the highest 
in Japan, 12,440 feet. 11^ 05 

FMZo. = Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Fulah. A tribe scattered through 
the Sudan from Wadai to Sene- 
gal ; sometimes used collectively 
for most tribes in this region. 
I, B-E4,5 

Fulbe. The Mandingo name for 
the Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Fulfulde. = Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Fullan. The Arab name for the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

FuNDY, Bay of. An inlet of the 
Atlantic Ocean between Nova 
Scotia and New Brunswick; 
swift tidal currents, and in 
places the tide rises sometimes 
over seventy feet. IV, P6 

Funj. In Sennar, a region lying 
between the White Nile and the 
Blue Nile. I, F4 

Fur. In Darfur, Anglo-Egyptian 
Sudan. I, E4 

Fury-and-Hecla Strait. N of 
Melville Peninsula, Canada. IV, 
MN3 

FuTA Jallon. a sultanate under 
French protection in French 
Guinea. I, A4 

Fyat. = Bakongo. I, D6 



Ga 

Kjra. (1) A linguistic stock in 
Gold Coast, W Africa. I, B5. 
(2) = Akra. I, B5 

Gaberi. On the Logone, a tribu- 
tary of the Shari, SE of Lake 
Chad, Africa. I, D4,6 

Gabes, Gulf of. An inlet of the 
Mediterranean Sea, on the E 
coast of Tunisia. I, D2 

Gabun, or Gaboon. (1) The SW 
division of French Equatorial 
Africa. I, CD5,6. (2) A river 
or estuary in French Equatorial 
Africa. I, C5 

Gadaha. S of the Mahanuddy Riv- 
er, E India. II, J6 

Gaddane. In Cagayane and Isa- 
bela in N Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Gaddi. In Kashmir, India. II, I5 

Gadohursi. E of Berbera, a sea- 
port in British Somaliland, Af- 
rica. I, G4,5 

Gadun. On the Indus (lat. 34°N), 
India. II, 15 

Gae. On the Maranon, the upper 
part of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Gagou. In central Ivory Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Gaho. In Sumatra. V, A4 

Gaigwu. The native name of the 
Kiowa. IV, L7 

GaiA;a. = Amangquika. I, E9 

Gaitshim. In S California. IV, H7 

Galapagos. An island group on 
the Equator, to the W of Ecua- 
dor. VI, B4 (inset) 

Galatia. An ancient country and 
Roman province in central Asia 
Minor. II, E4,5 

Galboa. In the basin of the Ogowe, 
W Africa. I, CD5,6 

Galcha. A collective name for the 
peoples on the slopes of the 
Hindu Kush, and in the Pamir 
valleys. The term is linguistic 
rather than ethnic. II, 15 



86 

Galeila. A subdivision of the 
Danakil. I, G4 

Galelca. = Amagcaleka. I, E9 

Galgai. A subdivision of the Che- 
chen. Ill, J4 

Galibi. In French Guiana, South 
America. VI, E2 

Galicia. (1) A district formerly 
in E Austria, now in S Poland. 
Ill, G3,4. (2) An old kingdom 
in NW Spain. Ill, D4 

Galilee, Sea of. A small fresh- 
water lake in Palestine, 14 
miles long, 8 miles wide. II, E5 

Galla. Between Shoa, a kingdom 
of S Abyssinia, and the Tana 
River of Kenya. I, FG5,6 

Gallina. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, A5 

Gallinomero. On the Russian Riv- 
er, central California. IV, H7 

Gallipoli. a peninsula 63 miles 
long between the Aegean Sea 
and the Dardanelles. Ill, G4 

Galloi. On the lower Ogowe Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, CD6 

GflZoi. = Galloi. I, CD6 

Galveston Bay. On the E coast 
of Texas. IV, L8 

Gamans. A Tshi-speaking people 
of the Gold Coast, W Africa. I, 
B5 

Gambia. (1) A British possession 
on the W coast of N Africa. I, 
A4. (2) A river in W Africa, 
flowing into the Atlantic at 
Bathurst. I, A4 

Gambil. On the W slopes of Abys- 
sinia. I, F4,5 

Gamergu. On the S shore of Lake 
Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Gamunangane. = Gamungan. V, C2 

Gana. a famous native empire 
before the present era in the 
W Sudan, NW from the bend 
of the Niger. I, B3,4 

Gandak. a river flowing from 
Nepal and the United Provinces 



87 



Gel 



and Bihar^ India^ to the Gan- 
ges. II, 3Q 

Gandapur. In Dera Ismail Khan 
District, Panjab, India. II, 16 

Gando. a sultanate in NW Ni- 
geria; also a subprovince of the 
Sokoto province. 1, C4 

Ganges. A river, 1,557 miles long, 
flowing from the Himalaya 
Mountains to the Bay of Ben- 
gal in NE India. II, IJ5,6 

Ganguella. On the upper Kuanza 
River, central Angola; those 
dwelling near the Cuqueima are 
called Luimba, and those near 
the Kuanza, Loena. I, D7 

Gani. The Banyoro name for the 
Shuli. I, F5 

Gar a. Bedouins in S Arabia. II, 
F7 

Garamantes. An ancient people 
who dwelt in the central Sahara. 
I, C3 

Gararish. On the right bank of 
the middle Nile; about lat. 19° 
N, long. 31°E. I, F4 

Garhwali. In Garhwal, North- 
West Provinces, India. II, 16 

Garo. a tableland in S Assam. II, 
K6 

Garo. = Garrow. II, K6 

Garonne. A river 355 miles long 
in SW France. Ill, DE4 

Garotero. A subdivision of the 
Apache. IV, JK7 

Garrorv. In the Garo Hills, SW 
Assam, India. II, K6 

Garrvi. On the upper Swat, a 
tributary of the upper Indus, 
India. II, I5 

Gar^a. = Carriza. IV, KL8 

Gascon. S of the lower Garonne 
River, SW France. Ill, DE4 

Gaspe. In the N part of New 
Brunswick. IV, P5,6 

Gattacka. = Kiowa Apache. IV, L7 

Gauchos. Native inhabitants of 
the pampas in South America, 



of mixed Spanish and Indian 
descent. They are restless cattle- 
breeders. VI, D6 

Gaul. Territory now occupied by 
modern France, Belgium, and 
parts of Germany, the Nether- 
lands, and Switzerland. Ill, D 
E4 

Gauls. The Celtic people who oc- 
cupied Transalpine Gaul (see 
Gaul) and Cisalpine Gaul (N 
Italy) in historical times. Ill, 
DE3,4 

Gawler Ranges. Mountains in 
South Australia. V, D7 

Gayes. = Gae. VI, C3 

Gaza. In Gazaland, SE Africa. I, 
F7 

Gazaland. A territory in SE Af- 
rica, in Portuguese East Africa 
and Rhodesia. I, F7 

Gazelle Peninsula. In Bismarck 
Archipelago, Melanesia. V, F4 

Gbandi. In Liberia, W Africa. I, 
AB5 

Gbari. N of the confluence of the 
Binue and the Niger, Africa. I, 
C5 

Gbe. On the SE coast of Liberia, 
W Africa. I, B5 

Gbese. In the SW part of Liberia, 
W Africa. I, A5 

Geawegal. N of the Hunter River 
on the E coast of New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Gedhair. A subdivision of the Ora- 
on. II, IJ6 

Geelvink Bay. In NW (Dutch) 
New Guinea. V, D4 

Geg. A subdivision of the Albani- 
ans. Ill, FG4 

Geihamab. A subdivision of the 
Beja. I, F3,4 

Geiko. = Ges. VI, E2,3 

Geislitz. a village in Saxony, 
Germany. Ill, F3 

Gel. A subdivision of the Janghey. 
I, F5 



Gemia 



88 



Gemia. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Geng. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. VI, C5 

Gennesaret, Lake of. = GalileEj 
Sea of. II, E5 

Genshikten. In Mongolia. II, LM4 

George River. In the N part of 
Labrador. IV, P4 

Georgia. (1) A region in Trans- 
caucasia. II, F4. (2) A state in 
SE United States. IV, MN7,8 

Georgian Bay. The NE part of 
Lake Huron, Ontario, Canada. 
IV, N6 

Georgians. Natives of Georgia, 
Transcaucasia. II, F4 

Gepids. A people coming from 
the E to Germany about 350 
B.C. Ill, F3 

Gepua. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Gerba. An island off the E coast 
of Tunisia. I, D2 

Gereshab. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Gergasabe. A subdivision of the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

German East Africa. Now Tan- 
ganyika Territory, under Brit- 
ish control ; in E central Africa ; 
365,000 sq.mi. I, ¥6,7 

Germans. The people of Germany. 
Ill, EF3,4 

German Southwest Africa. Now 
Southwest Africa, comprising 
Damaraland and Namaland, 
lying between Cape Colony and 
Angola; 322,400 sq.mi. I, DE 
7,8 

Germany. A country in central 
Europe; 183,381 sq.mi. Ill, EF 
3,4 

Ges. In Para, Brazil; so-named 
from "ge" (ancestor), the end- 
ing of their clan-names. VI, E 
2,3 

Ge2. = Ges. VI, E2,3 



Ghadame. In E Algeria. I, C2 
Ghanata Empire. = Gana. I, B 

3,4 
G/iara. = Gnara. I, B— E4,5 
Ghasiya. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, Hl5 
Ghat. ( 1 ) A town in SW Tripoli. 

I, D3. (2) A village in Somali- 
land. I, G4 

Ghats, or Ghauts. Mountains in 
British India, the West Ghats 
along the W coast between 
Bombay and Goa, the East 
Ghats along the E coast from 
the Kistna River southward. II, 
IJ6-8 

Gheghid. A subdivision of the Al- 
banians. Ill, FG4 

Ghilzai. In the SE part of Abys- 
sinia. I, G5 

G^oorA;/ia. = Gurkha. II, J6 

Ghou-daman. The Namaqua name 
for the Hawkoin. I, D8 

Ghou-damap. The singular form 
of Ghou-daman. I, D8 

Ghubush. On the left bank of the 
middle Nile (lat. 18°N). I, F 
3,4 

Ghurka. = Gurkha. II, J6 

Gibraltar. (1) Town and forti- 
fied rock on the S tip of the 
Iberian peninsula. Ill, D5. (2) 
Strait of. Between 8 and 23 
miles wide, between Spain and 
Africa. Ill, D5 

Gila. A river about 500 miles 
long, flowing from New Mexico 
to the Colorado River in Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

Gilambabura. In Great Sandy Is- 
land, Queensland. V, F6 

Gilbert Islands. A group in Mi- 
cronesia. V, H3,4 

Gileno. A subdivision of the Apa- 
che. IV, JK7 

GiLGAL. The name of two towns 
in Palestine in Biblical times. 

II, F5 



89 



Gomorrah 



Giliak. = Giljak. II, 0P3 

GiLOLo. The largest of the Mo- 
lucca (Spice) Islands. V, C3,4< 

Gilyah, Near the mouth of the 
Amur, Siberia, and in the N 
part of Sakhalin Island. II, 
OP3 

Ginan. = Guinaane. V, C2 

Ginning-Maton. In NE Victoria. 

V, E7 

Gio. In the SE part of Liberia, 

W Africa. I, B5 
GiPPSLAND. A region in New 

South Wales and Victoria. V, 

E7 
Gipsies. = Gypsies. 
Girgashites. An ancient tribe who 

lived in the central part of 

Palestine. II, E5 
Girong. = Gjarung. II, L5 
Gis. A subdivision of the Uaupes. 

VI, D2,3 

Giuberab. A subdivision of the 

Jalin. I, F4 
Givaro. = Jivaro. VI, C3 
Glenelg. a river in SW Victoria. 

V, E7 
Gnalla. In Western Australia. V, 

B6 
Gnalluma. = Ngaluma. V, B6 
Gnamo. In Western Australia. V, 

B6 
Gnanji. In North Australia ; about 

lat. 17°S, long. 135°E. V, D5 
Gnapaw. In Oklahoma. IV, L7 
Gnara. A subdivision of the Fulah. 

I, B-E4,5 
Gnareeb-gnareeb. On the Hopkins 

River, SW Victoria. V, E7 
Gnia. The Tibetan name for the 

Lu-tze. II, K5,6 
Gnurellean. In N Victoria. V, E7 
GoA. A territory on the Malabar 

coast, India, belonging to Por- 
tugal. II, 17 
Goa. On the river Diamantina, 

central Queensland. V, E6 
Goajira. In the Goajira Penin- 



sula, NW Venezuela and NE 
Colombia. VI, Cl 

Goajiro. = Goajira. VI, Cl 

GoALPARA. A district in W Assam, 
India. II, K6 

Goayanace. = Goyana. VI, F5 

Goayanae. = Gojana. VI, F5 

Goayanas. = Gojana. VI, F5 

Goaytacaces. = Goyataca. VI, F5 

Goaytacaes. = Goyataca. VI, F6 

Gobi. A desert, chiefly in Mon- 
golia. II, K-M4 

GoDAVARi. A river about 900 miles 
long, in S India, from the West- 
ern Ghats to the Bay of Ben- 
gal. II, IJ7 

GoDYAN. One of the former divi- 
sions of Abyssinia. I, F5 

Goenpul. In Stradbroke Island on 
the SE coast of Queensland. V, 
F6 

Gogodara. In W British New 
Guinea. V, E4. 

Gohune. On the Rio Verde, a 
tributary of the Gila, Arizona. 
IV, J7 

Goitacase. = Goyataca. VI, F5 

Gok. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, F6 

Go^Zon. = Goklen. II, G5 

Goklen. On the Atrek River, SE 
of the Caspian Sea. II, G5 

Gola. In Liberia, W Africa. I, 
AB5 

Gold Coast. A British possession 
on the N coast of the Gulf of 
Guinea, W Africa; 80,000 sq. 
mi. I, B5 

Goldi. On the lower Amur, Si- 
beria. II, N03,4. 

Golds. = Go\Ai. II, N03,4 

Golo. W of the Bongo tribes liv- 
ing on the upper Nile. I, EF5 

GoMAL. A tributary of the Indus 
in N India. II, 15 

Gomorrah. Town in Palestine 
reputed to have been covered by 
the Dead Sea. II, E5 



Gonaqua 



90 



Gonaqua. On the Great Fish Riv- 
er on the SE coast of Cape 
Colony. I, E9 
Gond. In the Central Provinces 
and Chota Nagpur, India. 11^ 
IJ6 
GoNDAR. A town and district in 

NW Afghanistan. I, F4 
Gond Moj^war. = Majhwar. II, I6 
Gonga. On the Abai, an upper 
branch of the Blue Nile (a 
tributary of the Nile). I, F4,5 
GoNYA. A former Mandingo em- 
pire on the western frontier of 
Togoland. I, B4<,5 
GooDENOUGH. (1) Bay. Near the 
E tip of New Guinea. V, EF4, 
5. (2) Island. One of the 
D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Mela- 
nesia. V, F5 
Goonine. On Wide Bay, SE 

Queensland. V, F6 
GoorA;^a. = Gurkha. II, J 6 
Gor. On the upper Indus, India. 

II, 15 
Gorales. A local name for the 

Little Russians. Ill, G— J4i 
Gorane. In the E Sahara. I, D3 
6ro*^ip. = Gosiute. IV, J6,7 
Go*^ooi. = Gosiute. IV, J6,7 
Gosh Fm* e. = Gosiute. IV, J6,7 
Gosiute. A Shoshonean tribe in 
Utah and E Nevada. IV, J6,7 
Goths. An ancient Teutonic tribe 
which appeared in the regions 
N of the lower Danube in the 
3d century; they afterward in- 
vaded the Roman Empire. Ill, 
G4 

GOTTLAND, or GoTLAND, Or GOTH- 
LAND. An island in the Baltic 
Sea, a province of Sweden. Ill, 
F3 

Gottur. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

GouLBURN. A tributary of the 
Murray River, Victoria. V, E7 



Gournditch-mara. E of the Glen- 
elg River, SW Victoria. V, E7 

Gouro. In central Ivory Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Goyana. Formerly on the SE coast 
of Brazil. VI, F5 

Goyana!3es. = Goyana. VI, F5 

Go?/as. = Goyazes. VI, EF3,4 

Goyataca. Formerly in the state 
of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. VI, 
F5 

GoYAZ. A state in central Brazil. 
VI, EF3,4. 

Goyazes. In Goyaz, Brazil; now 
extinct. VI, EF3,4 

Goyogan. = Cayuga. IV, N6 

Goyotaca. = Goyataca. VI, F5 

Gozo. One of the Maltese Islands, 
S of Sicily. Ill, F5 

Graecia Magna. An ancient Greek 
territory in S Italy. Ill, F4,5 

Grain Coast. A portion of Guin- 
ea, included in Liberia. I, AB5 

Grampians. Mountains in N cen- 
tral Scotland. Ill, D3 

Granada. A province and city in 
S Spain. Ill, D5 

Gran Canaria. One of the cen- 
tral Canary Islands. I, A3 

Gran Chaco, El. A district in N 
Argentina, Paraguay, and Bo- 
livia, between 17° and 30 °S lat., 
and between the Andes and the 
Paraguay River. VI, DE4,5 

Grand Bank. A shoal, E and S 
of Newfoundland, celebrated 
for its fishing. IV, RS5,6 

Grand Canary. = Gran Canaria. 
I, A3 

Grande, Rio. (1) A river 1,770 
miles long, flowing from SW 
Colorado to the Gulf of Mex- 
ico; from El Paso, Texas, it is 
the boundary between Mexico 
and the United States. IV, KL 
7,8. (2) A river in Portuguese 
Guinea. I, A4 

Great Australian Bight. To 



91 



Guadiana 



the S of South Australia and 
Western Australia. V, CD7 

Great Barrier Island. To the 
NE of North Island, New Zea- 
land. V, H7 

Great Bear Lake. A large lake 
in Northwest Territory, Can- 
ada. IV, H3 

Great Britain. The largest is- 
land in Europe, comprising 
England, Wales, and Scotland. 
Ill, DE3 

Great Fish River. In Cape Col- 
ony, South Africa. I, E9 

Great Horde. A subdivision of the 
Kirghiz-Kazaks living S of 
Lake Balkash, Semirichinsk. II, 
14 

Great Lakes. Lakes Superior, 
Michigan, Huron, Erie, and 
Ontario ; between middle-east- 
ern Canada and the United 
States. IV, MN5,6 

Great Namaqualand. The S part 
of Southwest Africa. I, D8 

Great Russians. In central and E 
Russia. Ill, HJ3 

Great Sandy Island. Off the E 
coast of S Queensland. V, F6 

Great Slave Lake. A large lake 
in Northwest Territories, Can- 
ada. IV, HJ3 

Greho. On the SE frontier of Li- 
beria, W Africa, I, B5 

Greece. A peninsula and country 
in SE Europe; 41,933 sq.mi. 
Ill, G4,5 

Greeks. The natives of Greece. 
Ill, G4,5 

Green Bay. An arm of Lake 
Michigan in NE Wisconsin. IV, 
M6 

Greenland. A large island be- 
longing to Denmark, to the NE 
of North America; 826,000 sq. 
mi. IV, O-Wl-4 

Gregory. A river in N Queens- 
land. V, E5 



Grenada. One of the Windward 
Islands, West Indies. IV, Oil 
(inset) 

Grey Ranges. Mountains in New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Grinbingi. One of the principal 
branches of the Shari, central 
Africa. I, D5 

Gringai. N of the Hunter River 
on the E coast of New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Grinnell Land. In the N part of 
EUesmere Island, Canada. IV, 
OPl 

Griqua. Hottentots of mixed blood 
who left Cape Colony and 
founded Griqualand. I, E8,9 

Griqualand, East. To the S of 
Natal in South Africa. I, E9 

Griqualand, West. To the W of 
Orange Free State in South Af- 
rica. I, E8 

Grogo. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Gros Ventres. A term applied by 
the French, and after them by 
others, to two entirely distinct 
tribes: (1) The Atsina, a de- 
tached band of Arapaho. IV, K 
6. (2) The Hidatsa, or Mini- 
tari. IV, K6 

Grusians. = Georgians. II, F4 

Grussini. = Georgians. II, F4 

Guachi. In the S part of Matto 
Grosso, Brazil; now nearly ex- 
tinct. VI, E4 

Guachichile. In Zacatecas and San 
Luis Potosi, Mexico. IV, K9 

Grwac^zVe. = Guaiqueri. VI, Dl 

Guacico. E of Bogota, the capital 
of Colombia. VI, C2 

Guadalquivir. A river in S Spain, 
374 miles long, flowing into the 
Atlantic Ocean. Ill, D5 

Guadeloupe. Islands in the French 
West Indies. IV, OlO (inset) 

Guadiana. A river in Spain and 
Portugal, 515 miles long, flow- 



Guagna 



92 



ing into the Atlantic Ocean. Ill, 
D5 
Guagna. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 
Gwag-we. = Quaqua. VI, D2 
Guaharibo. On the upper Caura, 
a tributary of the Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 
Guahibo. S of the lower Meta, a 
tributary of the Orinoco. VI, 
D2 
Guahivo. = Guahibo. VI, -D2 
Guaica. = Quaqua. VI, D2 
GwaecMn. = Guaiqueri. VI, Dl 
Guaicuru.=Waic\iYXi. IV, J 8,9 
Guaimi. In SE Costa Rica. IV, N 

10 
GuAiNiA. A river in E Colombia. 

VI, CD2 
Guaiqueri. In the island of Mar- 
garita and the adjacent parts 
of Venezuela. VI, Dl 
Guaitaca. = Goyataca. VI, F5 
Guajayo. On the Marafion, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 
Guajiquero. In W Honduras. IV, 

MIO 
Gwajiro. = Goajira. VI, Cl 
GMajit'o. = Guahibo. VI, D2 
Guakeries. = Guaiqueri. VI, Dl 
6rMaZac/ie. = Guayana, 1. VI, E4 
Gualala. On the W coast of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 
Gualaquisa. A subdivision of the 

Jivaro. VI, C3 
Guam. The largest of the Mariana 

Islands, Micronesia. V, E2 
Guamaca. A subdivision of the 

Aruac. VI, C2 
Guana. An independent Arawak 
tribe, living an agricultural life 
among the Mbaya tribes, in the 
Gran Chaco, South America. 
VI, D4,5 
Guanajuato. A state in central 
Mexico. IV, K9 



Guanaru. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Guanches. An extinct native tribe 
which once inhabited the Ca- 
nary Islands, off the NW coast 
of Africa. I, A3 

Guane. In S Santander, Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Guanga. = Guianga. V, C3 

Guano del Chaco. On the right 
bank of the Paraguay, NW of 
Concepcion, between 24° and 
21 °S lat. They must not be con- 
fused with the Araucan Guana. 
VI, E5 

Guapindages. Between the Xingu 
and the Araguaya, Brazil. VI, 
EF3 

Guaque. On the Putumayo and the 
Caqueta, upper branches of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Guaranacuazana. Between the 
Orinoco and the Rio Negro, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D2 

Guaranguaca. On the Amazon, be- 
low the mouth of the Madeira. 
VI, E3 

Guarani. (1) In Uruguay, S Para- 
guay, and E Argentina. VI, E 
5,6. (2) = Tupi, 2. VI, DE3-6 

Guar any. = Guarani. VI, E5,6 

Guarauno. In and near the delta 
of the Orinoco, Venezuela. VI, 
D2 

Guarayo. On the headwaters of 
the Rio Mamore and its tribu- 
taries, central Bolivia. VI, D4 

Guarianacaqua. On the Rio Negro, 
an affluent of the Amazon, VI, 
D3 

Guaripeni. On the river Guainia, 
E Colombia. VI, D2 

Guariqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. South Africa. I, E8 

Guariquena. A subdivision of the 
Barre. VI, D3 



93 



Guinea 



Guarive. In Venezuela. VI, D2 

Guarpe. Near Mendoza, the capi- 
tal of the province of Mendoza, 
Argentina. VI, D6 

Guasitaya. On the Maranon, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

GuATAViTA Lake. A famous sa- 
cred lake in the E Cordilleras, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Guatemala. A country in Central 
America; 48,290 sq.mi. IV, M 
9,10 

Guatinuma. On the Madeira, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Guato. In S Matto Grosso, Brazil. 
VI, E4 

Guatuso. In N Costa Rica. IV, 
MNIO 

GuAviARE. An upper branch of the 
Orinoco, Colombia. VI, CD2 

Guayaha. N of the Amazon. VI, 
DE3 

Guayaci. A tribe which roams 
over Paraguay and the adja- 
cent parts of Brazil. VI, E5 

Guayana. (1) In the S part of 
Matto Grosso, Brazil. VI, E4. 
(2) On the continent opposite 
to the island of Mara jo at the 
mouths of the Amazon and the 
Para. VI, EF3 

Guayanase. = Gnajana, 2. VI, E 
F3 

Guayaquil. (1) A seaport city in 
Ecuador. VI, BC3. (2) Gulf 
OF. An inlet of the Pacific Ocean 
in W Ecuador. VI, BC3 

Guayaze. = Gojaze. VI, EF3,4 

GMa^6a. = Guahibo. VI, D2 

GMa^/ca. = Quaqua. VI, D2 

Guaycuru. On the Paraguay (lat. 
20 °S) in the S part of Matto 
Grosso, Brazil. VI, E4 

Guayma. On the coast of Sonora, 
Mexico; now extinct. IV, J8 



Guaymi. In Panama. IV, NlO 

Guayno. An ancient tribe of Vene- 
zuela. VI, D2 

Guaypunavi. On Lake Inirida, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Gwa^^Meri. = Guaiqueri. VI, Dl 

Guayue. On the Caqueta, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Gudabirsi. Between Zeila, Harar, 
and Berbera, towns in E Abys- 
sinia and British Somaliland. I, 
G4,5 

Gudang. In Cape York Peninsula, 
Queensland. V, E5 

Guencoya. On the Maraiion, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Guenoa. In Uruguay. VI, E6 

Gueren. = Tapnja. VI, E3 

Guerno. On the lower Warrego, a 
tributary of the Darling. V, E6 

Guerrero. A state in Mexico, on 
the Pacific Ocean. IV, K9 

Guetare. In Costa Rica. IV, MN 
10 

Gugiani. In Peshawar District, 
Panjab, India. II, 16 

Guiana. British, French, and 
Dutch possessions on the N 
coast of South America. VI, E2 

Guiane. = Guinaane. V, C2 

Guianga. In the NE and N parts 
of Davao, Mindanao, Philippine 
Islands. V, C3 

Guilito. In N California. IV, H6 

Guimen. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Guinaane. On both slopes of the 
Cordilleras in Abra and Bon- 
toc, Luzon, Philippine Islands. 
V, C2 

Guinau. On the upper Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Guinea. General term for the 
coast region bordering on the 
Gulf of Guinea, W Africa; 



Guinea, Gulf of 



94 



sometimes it is used to cover 
the whole coast region from 
Senegal River to Southwest Af- 
rica. I, BC5,6; A-D4.-7 

Guinea, Gulf of. On the W coast 
of Africa. I, BC5,6 

G«io. = Diola. I, A4! 

GuiPuzcoA. A province in N 
Spain. Ill, D4 

Gujar. A tribe scattered in large 
numbers among the Pathan 
tribes on the upper. Indus, In- 
dia. II, 15 

Gujarat. The region N of the 
Narbada River, India. II, 16 

Gujarati. The natives of Gujarat, 
W India. II, 16 

Gulanga. = Guianga. V, C3 

Gulangane. = Dulangane. V, C3 

Gulbaki. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Gulf States. Those states of the 
United States which border on 
the Gulf of Mexico, namely, 
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, 
Louisiana, and Texas. IV, L— 
N8 

Gummeab. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Gummieh. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Gumulaig. In Mulgrave Islands 
and Jervis Island in Torres 
Strait. V, E5 

Gumulega. In islands between 
New Guinea and Mulgrave Is- 
lands in Torres Strait. V, £4 

Gundanora. On the highland of E 
Victoria. V, E7 

Gunung-willam-baluk. On the W 
end of Mount Macedon, central 
Victoria. V, E7 

Gunyeman. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. South Africa. I, E9 

Guoitacaze. = Goyataca,. VI, F5 

Gura. = Gola.. I, ABS 

Guraan. In the N part of Darfur, 
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. I, E4 



Gurague. In central Abyssinia. I, 
F4,5 

Guran. A subdivision of the Kurds. 
II, F5 

Gurara. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

GMren. = Gurunga. I, B5 

Gurgai. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Gurians. In the SW part of the 
Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Gurkha. Driven from Rajputana 
by the Mohammedan invasion, 
they conquered Nepal, where 
they have become somewhat 
Mongolized. II, J6 

Gurma. On the White Volta Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, B5 

Gurung. In Nepal. II, J6 

Gurunga. On the Red Volta Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, B5 

Gushki. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

GwALioR. A native state in central 
India. II, 16 

Gwalior. = Gavrow. II, K6 

Gwari. = Ghari. I, C5 

Gwaya. = Gojazes. VI, EF3,4 

Gyaman. On the Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Gyarung. On the boundaries of 
W Szechuan and Tibet. II, L5 

Gyidesdzo. A subdivision of the 
Tsimshian. IV, GH5 

Gyitgaata. A subdivision of the 
Tsimshian. IV, GH5 

Gyitksan. On the upper Skeena 
River, British Columbia. IV, 
G5 

Gyitqatla. A subdivision of the 
Tsimshian. IV, GH5 

Gyitsalaser. A subdivision of the 
Tsimshian. IV, GH5 

Gyitsymralon. A subdivision of 
the Tsimshian. IV, GH5 

Gypsies. A wandering people 
found in every country of Eu- 



95 



Hak-ha 



rope, and in many parts of 
Asia, Africa, America, and Aus- 
tralia. The word "Gypsy" is 



a corruption of "Egyptians," 
from an old popular tradition 
as to their place of origin. 



lj.ahah. Between the Baraka 
River and the Red Sea, N of 
Eritrea, Africa. I, F4 

Habanieh. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4< 

Habbe. The district about the 
bend of the Niger River, W Af- 
rica. I, BC4 

Habr-Awal. Between Zeilah, Ha- 
rar, and Berbera, towns in E 
Abyssinia and British Somali- 
land. I, G4,5 

Habr-Gerhaji. On the uplands S 
of Berbera, a town of British 
Somaliland. I, G5 

Hadanarang. In the central part 
of the Sahara. I, C3 

Hadarem. On the coast of Eritrea, 
NE Africa. I, FG4 

Hadendoa. Between the Red Sea 
and the Atbara, a tributary of 
the middle Nile. I, F4. 

Hadendowa. = Hadendoa. I, F4! 

Hadiyat. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 

Haeltzuh. In the N part of Van- 
couver Island, and on the W 
coast of British Columbia. IV, 
G5 

JTa^ara. = Hogar. I, C3 

Haggar. = Hogar. I, C3 

Hahabe. On the E coast of Cape 
Colony, South Africa. I, E9 

Hai. The native name for the Ar- 
menians. II, F4,5 

Haida. The native and popular 
name for the Indians of the 
Queen Charlotte Islands, Brit- 
ish Columbia, and the S end of 
Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, 
comprising the Skittagetan Fam- 
ily. IV, FG5 



Haidah. = Haida. IV, FG5 

Haideranlu. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Haijong. = 'H.aiong. II, K6 

Haik. The native name for the 
Armenians. II, F4,5 

Haikan. = Haik. II, F4,5 

Haikauan Hottentots. A migrat- 
ing body of Hottentots of South 
Africa who crossed the Orange 
River in the 19th century, and 
founded Beersheba. I, D8 

Hailtsa. = Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Hailtza. = Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Hainai. A tribe of the Caddo con- 
federacy, otherwise known as 
Inie, or loni; in Texas. IV, L 
7,8 

Hainan Island. Off the coast of 
Kwangtung Province, China, in 
the South China Sea. II, LM7 

Haioo. = Yayu. II, J6 

Haishilla. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Haiti. Originally the Spanish Es- 
panola; an island of the West 
Indies, the W part of which is 
the republic of Haiti (10,204 
sq.mi.), the E part the Domini- 
can Republic (19,332 sq.mi.). 
IV, 09 

Haitians. In the island of Haiti. 
IV, 09 

Haitlin. ^Teet. IV, H5 

Haiyu. = Yaj\i. II, J6 

Hajemi. In W Persia. II, FG5 

Hajong. In Assam, NE India. II, 
K6 

Haka. In the W part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Hak-ka. On the highland on the 
boundaries of Fu-kien, Kwang- 



HaJcu 



96 



tung, and Kwang-si, China. II, 
M6 

Halcu. On the middle Kuanza, 
Angola. I, D7 

Halang. In French Indo-China. 
II, L7 

Halenga. On the Atbara, a tribu- 
tary of the middle Nile. I, F4 

Halha. = Galgai. Ill, J4 

Haliakmon. a valley in W Mace- 
donia. Ill, G4 

i/aZiZare. = Hululan. II, F5 

Halmahera. = GiLOLo. V, C3,4 

Haltserea tunne. A subdivision of 
the Athapascan. IV, G-L3-7 

Hamadan. a town in Irak-Ajemi, 
W Persia. II, F5 

Hdmalaiset. The native name of 
the Tavastrians. Ill, G2 

Hamama. In Tunisia. I, C2 

Hamar. A subdivision of the Bej a. 
I, F3,4 

Hamawand. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Hamed Orab. A subdivision of the 
Bej a. I, F3,4 

Hameg, or Hamej. On the right 
bank of the Blue Nile, a tribu- 
tary of the Nile. I, F4 

Hami. A subdivision of the Se- 
mang. II, L 8 

Hamites. A collective name for 
peoples living in N and E Af- 
rica and the Sahara; of which 
the chief ones are Bej a, Ber- 
bers, Copts, Danakil, Fellahs, 
Galla, Somali, Tibbu, Tuareg, 
etc.; the word is derived from 
Ham, the son of Noah, from 
whom these people are sup- 
posed to be descended. I, B— H 
2-4 

Hamr. A subdivision of the Bag- 
gara. I, EF4 

Hamtolop. In SW Washington. 
IV, H6 

Hanahawunena. A subdivision of 



the Arapaho; now extinct. IV, 
KL6,7 

Ilanega. A subdivision of the 
Tlinkit. IV, F4 

Hankow. City and port on the 
Yangtze, Hupeh province, Chi- 
na. II, M5 

HanJcutchin. A Kutchin tribe on 
the upper Yukon River below 
Klondike River, Alaska. IV, E3 

Han Pa-i. In SW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Han Pai-ih. = Jian Pa-i. II, L6 

Hansda. In Baghalpur, a division 
of Behar, Bengal, India. II, J 
6,7 

Hantewa. In NE California. IV, 
H6 

Hanunu. In San Cristoval, Solo- 
mon Islands, Melanesia. V, F4 

Hao Islands. In the Low Archi- 
pelago, Polynesia. V, M6 

Haparytae. =Airidi. II, I5 

Harar. a town in E Abyssinia. 
I, G5 

Harari. In SE Abyssinia. I, G5 

Hares. An Athapascan Dene or 
Tinneh people on the Macken- 
zie, Anderson, and MacFarlane 
rivers, Canada. IV, FG3 

Haro. In New Mexico. IV, K7 

Harpe. = Hao Islands. V, M6 

Harz Mountains. A group in 
central Germany, the highest of 
which is the Brocken. Ill, F3 

Hasovo. The native name of the 
Samoyed. II, G— Jl,2 

Hassanieh. = 'H.assanijeh.. I, F3 

Hassaniyeh. W of the Middle 
Nile; about lat. 18°N, long. 33° 
E. I, F3 

Hassanyeh. = ^assam.je\\. I, F3 

Hatigorria. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Hauigire. On the middle Napo, 
an upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 



97 



Helvetii 



Haukoin. In Damaraland, South- 
west Africa. I, D8 

Hauraki. A subdivision of the 
Maori. V, GH7,8 

Hausa. = Haussa. I, C4,5 

Hausaland. The region inhabited 
by the Haussa, in N Nigeria, 
W Africa. I, 04,5 

Haush. A tribe of the Fuegians, 
S South America. VI, D8 

Haussa. N of the junction of the 
Niger and the Binue, W Africa. 
I, C4,5 

Hauwawir. In the N Kordofan, 
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. I, EF4 

Havasupai. A small isolated In- 
dian tribe of the Yuman stock 
in NW Arizona. IV, J7 

Havelock Island. One of the 
central Andaman Islands, Bay 
of Bengal. II, K7 

Hawaii. The largest of the Ha- 
waiian Islands, Polynesia. V, 
Ll,2 

Hawaiian Islands. Formerly 
Sandwich Islands; a group in 
E Polynesia; 6,449 sq.mi. V, 
Ll,2 

Hamaiians. In the Hawaiian Is- 
lands. V, Ll,2 

Hawash. A river in S Abyssinia, 
about 500 miles long, flowing 
into Lake Assal. I, FG5 

Hawazma. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 

Hawija. = Hawiyyah. I, G5 

Hawiyyah. In the central part of 
Italian Somaliland. I, G5 

Hawke's Bay. A provincial dis- 
trict. North Island, New Zea- 
land. V, H7 

HawZcom. = Haukoin. I, DS 

Hawsa. = Haussa. I, C4,5 

Haya. = Ysiju. II, J6 

Haynaggi. A subdivision of the 
Hoopah. IV, H7 

Haza, El. a district in E Arabia, 
on the Persian Gulf. II, FG6 



Hazara. a district in Pan jab, In- 
dia. II, 15 

Hazara. In the NW part of Af- 
ghanistan and a part of Khora- 
san, Persia. II, H5 

Hbrog-pa. = Dru-pa. II, JK5 

Hebrews. One of the earlier names 
of the Jews. 

Hebrides. Islands to the W of 
Scotland. Ill, D3 

Hedjaz. = Hejaz. II, EF6 

Heh-chioh Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Heh-chong Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Heh-kan Ih. In E Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Heh Lo-lo. In Szechuan and Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Heh-lo Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Heh Miao. In SE Kuichau, China. 
II, L6 

Heh-p'a. = Heh-p'u. II, L6 

Heh-p'u. In the S part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Heh Seng-Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Heh-shan Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Heh-t'u-yieh. In SE Yunnan, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Heh Wu-ni. In S Yunnan, China, 
II, L6 

Heilungkiang. a province in N 
Manchuria. II, N3,4 

Hejaz. a region in Arabia, along 
the NE Red Sea. II, EF6 

Helgoland. A fortified rock in 
the North Sea, to the W of 
Schleswig-Holstein. Ill, E3 

Helmand. a river about 650 miles 
long in Afghanistan. II, H 5 

Helto. On the E bank of the Sac- 
ramento River, California. IV, 
H7 

Helvetii. A Celtic tribe which in 
the time of Caesar occupied 



Hemes 



98 



Helvetia, corresponding to mod- 
ern Switzerland. Ill, E4 

Hemes. = Jemez. IV, K7 

Hemrow. In Baghalpur, a division 
of Behar, Bengal, India. II, J6 

Henry Lawrence Island. One 
of the central Andaman Is- 
lands, Bay of Bengal. II, K7 

Herecepocono. A subdivision of 
the Moxo. VI, D4 

Herefordshire. A county in SW 
England. Ill, D3 

i^ereo. = Damara. I, D8 

Herki. A Kurd tribe living in Per- 
sia in summer, and migrating 
to the plain of Mosul in winter. 

II, F5 

Hervey. (1) Islands. = Cook Is- 
lands. V, KL6,6. (2) Bay. In 
SE Queensland. V, F6 

Herzegi. A subdivision of the Sa- 
rik. II, H5 

Herzegovina. A province former- 
ly in Turkey, later in Austria- 
Hungary, and now in Jugo- 
slavia. Ill, F4 

Herzegovinians. Natives of Her- 
zegovina. Ill, F4 

Hessaqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. I, E8 

Hesse. A state in SW Germany, 

III, E4 

Hettitoya. In central California. 

IV, H7 

Hewataniuw. A subdivision of the 

Cheyenne. IV, KL6 
Heyhom. An extinct Hottentot 

tribe. I, E8 
Hhirichota. In Guatemala. IV, M 

9,10 
Hiabaana. On the Rio Negro, a 

tributary of the Amazon. VI, 

D3 
Hibito. On the Huallaga, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 

C3 
Hidalgo. A state in Mexico. IV, 

L9 



Hidatsa. A Siouan tribe in North 
Dakota, in intimate connection 
with the Mandan and Arikara. 
IV, KL6 

Hiddensee Island. In the Baltic 
Sea, N of Germany. Ill, F3 

Hierro. In the Canary Islands. I, 
A3 

Highlands. In N and W Scot- 
land, beyond the Grampians. 
Ill, D3 

Hill Damara. = Uaukoin. I, DS 

Hilleri. On the shore of the Great 
Australian Bight, South Aus- 
tralia. V, D7 

Hilluna. = I\\a.no. V, C3 

Hima. = Bahima. I, EF6 

Himalayas. A mountain system 
1,600 miles long, between In- 
dia and Tibet. II, H-K5,6 

Himuetaca. A subdivision of the 
Iquito. VI, C3 

Himyarites. Pre-Islamic Arabs 
who lived in SW Arabia. II, F7 

Hindi. A collective name for some 
peoples of N India. II, I5,6 

Hindki. In NE Afghanistan. II, 
HI5 

Hindmarsh, Lake. In NW Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

/fin^^oo. = Hindu. II, I— K5,6 

Hindu. A collective name for the 
non-aborigines of India, being 
the descendants of the Aryan 
conquerors ; of which the prin- 
cipal are the Assamese, Ben- 
gali, Kashmiri, Marathi, Pun- 
jabi. II, I-K5,6 

Hindu Kush. A range of moun- 
tains in Afghanistan, W from 
the Himalayas. II, 1 5 

Hindustan. The Persian name of 
India; especially E Punjab and 
Rajputana, and the greater part 
of the United Provinces. II, I 
J6 

Hinzuan. On the coast of Tangan- 
yika, E Africa. I, F6 



99 

Hishquayquaht. A subdivision of 
the Aht. IV, G5 

HisPANiOLA. = Haiti (Espanola) . 
IV, 09 

HissARLiK. The site of ancient 
Troy, in NW Asia Minor. II, 
D5 

Hitanimoiv. Cheyenne name for 
the Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Hitasina. Apache name for the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Hitchiti. A Muskhogean tribe in 
W Georgia. IV, M7,8 

Hitchittee. = Hitchiti. IV, M7,8 

Hittites. A powerful ancient tribe 
who occupied N Syria and parts 
of Asia Minor. They are identi- 
fied with the Khita and the 
Khatti in Egyptian and Assyri- 
an history. II, EF5 

Hitunena. A subdivision of the 
Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Hiuhiua. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Hivites. An ancient people who 
lived in N Palestine. VI, E5 

Hkun. In the SE part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6,7 

Hmisi. A subdivision of the Chey- 
enne. IV, KL6 

Ho. In Chota-Nagpur, Bengal, 
India. II, IJ6 

Hoak. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento, California. IV, H7 

Hoankut, On the left bank of the 
Sacramento, California. IV, H7 

Hogapagoni. Shoshoni name for 
the Paiute. IV, J7 

Hogar. In the central part of the 
Sahara Desert. I, C3 

Hoh. On the Puyallup reserva- 
tion, Washington. IV, H 6 

Hoha. Dakota name for the As- 
siniboin. IV, JK5 

Hojai. In SW Assam, India. II, 
K6 

Hokkaido. = Yezzo. II, P4 



Hopi 

Hok-lo. In the E part of Fukien, 

China. II, M6 
Holeya. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 
Holland, Another name for the 

Netherlands. Ill, E3 
Holo. In Angola. I, D6,7 
Hololupai. On the left bank of the 

Sacramento River, California. 

IV, H7 
HoLSTEiN. A former duchy of 

Denmark, now a part of Schles- 

wig-Holstein, Germany. Ill, E 

F3 
Home Bay. On the E coast of 

Baffin Land, Canada. IV, 03 
Homran. On the middle Atbara (a 

tributary of the Nile) and the 

Mareb. I, F4 
HoNAN. An inland province of 

China. II, M5 
Honduras. A country in Central 

America; 46,250 sq.mi. IV, M 

10 
Hong-cheo Miao. In SE Kuichau, 

China. II, L6 
Hong Ke-lao. In Kuichau, China. 

II, L6 
Hong Miao. In E Kuichau, China. 

II, L6 
Ho-ni. In the S part of Yunnan, 

China, and in the Shan States. 

II, L6 
Honshu. The "mainland" or larg- 
est island of Japan. II, OP4,5 
Honteniqua. An extinct Hottentot 

tribe. I, E8 
Hoodnid. A subdivision of the 

Tlinkit. IV, F4 
Hoodsinoo. A subdivision of the 

Tlinkit. IV, F4 
HooGHLY. An arm of the Ganges 

at the Delta. II, JQ 
Hoonsolton. In California. IV, H7 
Hoopah. In California. IV, H7 
Hopi. A body of Indians speaking 

a Shoshonean dialect, in NE 

Arizona. IV, J7 



Hopkins 

Hopkins. A small river in SW 
Victoria. V, E7 

Hor. = Santal. II, J6 

Hore. Native name for the Larka. 
II, IJ6 

HoREB. A mountain, perhaps in 
the peninsula of Sinai, Arabia. 
II, E6 

i7oro. = Hore. II, IJ6 

JYoro-7iM. = Munda. II, IJ6 

Hor-pa. In NW Tibet. II, J 5 

Horsok. A term given to the Hor- 
pa, being the compound form 
of the two tribal names, Hor- 
pa and Sok-pa. II, J5 

HosHiARPUR. A district in the 
Panjab, N India. II, 16 

Hotami-taniuw. A subdivision of 
the Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Hotcangara. Native name for the 
Winnebago. IV, LM6 

Hotha-Shan. On the SW borders 
of Yunnan, China. II, L6 

Hottentots. In Great Namaqua- 
land. Southwest Africa, and 
separately in Cape Colony, 
South Africa. I, DE8,9 

Hotumlu. In Eritrea, NE Africa. 
I, FG4 

Houharayo. On the Rio Mamore, 
an upper branch of the Madeira, 
Bolivia. VI, D4 

i?OM-A;/ioin. = Haukoin. I, D8 

Housa. = Haussa. I, C4<,5 

Hova. A tribe of Malay origin on 
the highland of central Mada- 
gascar; this is, in fact, the 
name for the commoners, one of 
the three great classes of the 
tribe, the real tribal name being 
Antaimerina. I, G7,8 

Howara. A subdivision of the Bag- 
gara. I, EF4 

HowchuMisaht. A subdivision of 
the Aht. IV, G5 

Hpon. On the upper Irawadi (lat. 
25 °N), Burma. II, K6 



100 

Hrasso. Native name of the Abor. 
II, K6 

Hrusso. Native name of the Aka. 
II, K6 

Hsiang-tan. In SW Yunnan, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Hsuan-hua. In Mongolia. II, LM4 

Huachi. Native name of the Cha- 
pacura. VI, D4 

Huacrachucu. On both banks of 
the gorge of the Maraiion, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Hua Keh-lao. In Kuichau, China. 
II, L6 

Hualapai. From the lower Colo- 
rado River to the Black Moun- 
tains, Arizona. IV, J7 

HuALLAGA. An upper branch of 
the Amazon, flowing into the 
Maraiion. VI, C3 

Huamachucu. On the upper Ma- 
ranon, the upper part of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Huambisa. In SW Ecuador. VI, C3 

Hua Miao. In W Kuichau and E 
Yunnan, China. II, L6 

Huanca. An ancient tribe which 
inhabited a portion of Junin, 
central Peru. VI, C3,4 

Huancavillca. On and near the 
river Guayaquil, SW Ecuador. 
VI, C3 

HuANTA. A town in the depart- 
ment of Ayacucho, Peru. VI, C4 

HuARAZ. The capital of the de- 
partment of Ancachs, Peru. VI, 
C3 

if Masiee. = Huaxteca. IV, L8,9 

Huatuso. = Guatviso. IV, MNlO 

Huave. On the coast of Oajaca, 
Mexico. IV, L9,10 

Huaxteca. On the E coast of Tam- 
aulipas, Mexico. IV, L8,9 

Huaxteco. = Huaxteca. IV, L8,9 

Hubu. In the interior of Sierra 
Leone, W Africa. I, A5 

Huchnom. = Tatu. IV, H6 



101 

Hudson. (1) Bay. An inland sea, 
central and N Canada; 850 
miles long, 600 miles broad. IV, 
L-N4,5. (2) River. In New 
York, 300 miles long, flowing 
into New York Bay. IV, 06. 
(3) Strait. About 450 miles 
long, between the Atlantic 
Ocean and Hudson Bay. IV, 
N-P4 

Hudson's Island. In the EUice 
Islands, W Polynesia. V, H4 

Huebo. A subdivision of the Co- 
cama. VI, C3 

Hueco. =Waco. IV, L7,8 

Huemul. Near Skyring and Ot- 
way bays, S Chile. VI, C7,8 

Huguenots. French Protestants of 
the 16th and 17th centuries, of 
the Reformed or Calvinistic 
communion. Ill, E4 

Huhuna. In the SE part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, E4 

Huichol. An Indian tribe of Pi- 
man stock, living in the rugged 
Sierra Madre of NW Jalisco, 
Mexico. IV, K9 

Huilliche. In central Chile. VI, 
C6 

Hu-luh Miao. In SW Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Hululan. In Kermanshah, a dis- 
trict in W Persia. II, F5 

ii^Mma. = Bahima. I, EF6 

Humahuaca. In Jujuy, a province 
of N Argentina, and in S Bo- 
livia; now extinct. VI, D6 

Humatvhi. In NE California; 
nearly extinct. IV, H6 

Humboldt Bay. On the N coast 
of New Guinea. V, E4 

Humurana. A subdivision of the 
Mayna. VI, C3 

fl'Mna. = Ephthlites. II, HI2-6 

Hunah. A subdivision of the Tlin- 
kit. IV, F4 

Hunan. A fertile province in cen- 
tral China. II, M6 



Hydah 

Hung. A subdivision of the Limbu. 

II, JQ 

Hungarians. Natives of Hungary. 

III, FG4 

Hungary. A country in S central 
Europe; 35,654 sq.mi. Ill, FG4 

^M«.A;papa. = Uncpappa. IV, KL6 

Huno. = Puquina. VI, CD4 

Huns, A Mongolian tribe which 
invaded Europe in the 4th cen- 
tury. They afterward overthrew 
the Alani, and invaded Gaul 
with their subject tribes. They 
are said to be the same as the 
Hiung-su of China in ancient 
times. Ill, IV 

Hunsa. The modern Tunja: a 
district in N Colombia. VI, C2 

Hunter. A river in New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Hunza. On the slopes of the Hin- 
du Kush, Afghanistan. II, I5 

Hupa. = Hoopah. IV, H7 

HuPEH. A province in central 
China. II, M5 

Huron. The French name for the 
Wyandot. IV, N6 

Huron, Lake. Between Michigan 
and Ontario; the second in size 
of the Great Lakes. IV, N6 

Huteim. NW of Mecca, in Hejaz. 
II, EF6 

Huzule. A local name for the 
Little Russians. Ill, G— J4 

Hwang, or Hwangho. = Yellow 
River. The second largest riv- 
er (ho) in China, flowing 2,300 
miles from S Koko Nor to the 
Gulf of Chihli. II, K-M4,5 

Hwa Peh-Ih. In S Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Hwa T'u-Liao. In SE Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Hwida. On the Slave Coast, W 
Africa. I, C5 

Hwui-chan. In W Kwangtung, 
China. II, M6 

Hydah. ^Uaida. IV, FG5 



Hyderabad 

Hyderabad, or Haidarabad. For- 
merly Nizam's Dominions. A 
native state and city in the Dec- 
can, India. II, 17 

Hyhsos. Syrian Semites who con- 
quered Egypt. II, E5,6 

Hyperboreans. A name collec- 
tively applied to the Chukchi, 



102 

Koriak, and other Arctic peo- 
ples of NE Asia, and the Es- 
kimo of America. The word is 
derived from a name in the my- 
thology of ancient Greece, mean- 
ing "dwellers beyond the North 
Wind (Boreas)." II, R-T2; 
IV, A-Tl-4 



lahon. = Yakon. IV, H6 

larindrano. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Ihadan. A Yoruba tribe on the 
Slave Coast, W Africa, I, C5 

Ihalao. = lh\\ao. V, C2 

Ihan. = Sea Dyak. V, B3,4 

Ihang. = Cagayane. V, C2 

Ibara. A subdivision of the Hova. 
I, G7,8 

Ibea. In the W part of Cameroon, 
W Africa. I, D5 

Iberia. The peninsula of Spain 
and Portugal, SW Europe. Ill, 
DE4,5 

Iberians. The ancient inhabitants 
of the Iberian peninsula. Ill, 
DE4,5 

Ibero-Ligures. The Neolithic in- 
habitants of N Italy. Ill, EF4 

Ibero-Mediterraneans. The people 
who displaced the Caspians 
from the Iberian peninsula in 
Mesolithic times. Ill, DE4,5 

Ibetnaten. = Batanatang. I, C3 

Ibibio. In S Nigeria. I, C5 

Ibilao. In the borderland of Nueva 
Vizcaya and Nueva Ecija, Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Ibo. Near the mouth of the Niger, 
W Africa. I, C5 

lea. On the Putamayo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Icahuate. On the Maranon, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 



Icarian Sea. A part of the E 
Aegean Sea. Ill, G5 

Iceland. An island in the N Atlan- 
tic Ocean, affiliated with Den- 
mark; 39,709 sq.mi. Ill, BC2 

Ichiti. = B.itchm. IV, M7,8 

Ichkili. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Ida. Near Lake Baikal, Siberia. 
II, L3 

Idaan. = Murnt. V, B3 

Idaho. A state in NW United 
States. IV, HJ5,6 

Ida u Zal. In Morocco. I, B2 

Ida u Ziki. In Morocco. I, B2 

Idiba. In Panama. IV, NlO 

Idumaea, or Idumea. A country 
SE of Palestine. II, E5,6 

Idzo. = ljo. I, C5 

Ife. A Yoruba tribe on the Slave 
Coast, W Africa. I, C5 

Ifoga. In the central part of the 
Sahara Desert. I, C3 

Ifugao. In the central part of 
Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela, Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Ifugaw. = Ifugao. V, C2 

Igala. = Igara. I, C5 

Igalwa. A Mpongwe-speaking 
tribe in Gabun, W Africa. I, C 
D5,6 

Igan Milanau. A subdivision of 
the Milanau. V, B3 

Igara. On the left bank of the 
lower Niger, W Africa. I, C5 

Zg-aro-Mora. = Picaj a. VI, E3 



103 



Ilocano 



Igbira. On both banks of the low- 
er Binue, a tributary of the Ni- 
ger^ W Africa. I, C5 

Igbo. = Iho. I, C5 

Iglulirmiut. On Fury-and-Hecla 
Strait, N of Melville Peninsula, 
Canada. IV, MN3 

Igorrote. In the provinces of Le- 
panto and Benguet, Luzon, Phil- 
ippine Islands. Later the name 
extended to include all the head- 
hunters of the N part of the 
same island. V, C2 

Iguassu. a river in Parana, Bra- 
zil, flowing 380 miles to the 
Parana River. VI, E5 

Iheman. = Ihiyawen. I, C3 

Ihiyawen. In the central part of 
the Sahara Desert. I, C3 

Ihlat. A Turkoman tribe in Persia. 
II, FG5 

Ijaw. = Ijo. I, C5 

Ijca. In N Colombia. VI, C2 

I jesa. = I jesha. I, C5 

Ijesha. Near Abeokuta, a town of 
Yoruba, Slave Coast, W Africa. 
I, C5 

I JO. At the Niger delta, W Africa. 
I, C5 

Ijran. A subdivision of the Im- 
ghad. I, 03,4 

Iju. = Idzo. I, C5 

Ika. In N Lower California, Mexi- 
co. IV, HJ7,8 

7A;&a. = Egba. I, C5 

Ikelan. A subdivision of the Im- 
ghad. I, C3,4 

Ikelu. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Ikogmiut. A tribe of Alaskan Es- 
kimo inhabiting both banks of 
the Yukon. IV, CD3,4 

7A;o^mMf. = Ikogmiut. IV, CD3,4 

Ikongo. The S Tanala, in the for- 
ests of SE Madagascar. I, GS 

Ikpere. On the right bank of the 
lower Niger, W Africa. I, C5 



Ilafarivo. In central Madagascar. 
I, G7,8 

Ilalangma. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Ilalanginaivo. In central Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

llano. = Illano. V, C3 

Ilanun. = Lanun. V, B3 

Ilema. = Elema. V, E4 

In. = Kashgaria. II, 14,5 

Ilima. = Elema. V, E4 

Illana Bay. In W Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Illano. In the territory around II- 
lana Bay, Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Illanun. (l) = Illano. V, C3. (2) 
= Lanun. V, B3 

lUiaura. In North Australia, 
about lat. 21 °S, long. 136°E. 
V, D6 

Illinois. (1) A river about 350 
miles long in Illinois, flowing 
into the Mississippi. IV, M6,7. 
(2) A state in E central United 
States. IV, M6,7 

Illinois. A confederacy of Algon- 
quian tribes, formerly occupy- 
ing S Wisconsin, N Illinois, and 
sections of Iowa and Missouri, 
comprising the Cahokia, Kas- 
kaskia, Michigamea, Moingwe- 
na, Peoria, and Tamaroa. IV, 
M6,7 

Illyria. An ancient country E of 
the Adriatic Sea. Ill, F4 

Illyrians. A tribe dwelling chiefly 
in the ancient region of lUyri- 
cum. Ill, F4 

Illyricum. a Roman province 
forming part of ancient Illyria. 
Ill, F4 

Ilmawi. In NE California. IV, H6 

Ilocano. In Ilocos Norte, Ilocos 
Sur, and La Union, Luzon, Phil- 
ippine Islands, with scattered 
settlements in other provinces 
of Luzon. V, C2 



Ilocos Norte 



104) 



Ilocos Norte. The NW province 
of Luzon, Philippine Islands. 

V, C2 

Ilocos Sur. A province in NW 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Ilongot. On the boundaries of 
Nueva Vizcaya, Isabela, and 
Principe, Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Ilorin. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Ilpirra. N of the McDonnell 
Ranges, North Australia. V, D5 

Iluru. A subdivision of the Jivaro. 

VI, C3 

Imamo. In central Madagascar. I, 
G7,8 

Imato. In the Gran Chaco, Ar- 
gentina. VI, D5 

I'mbangala. = Jagga. I, DE6,7 

Imboina. a Sakalava state in the 
14th century and previously, in 
N Madagascar. I, G7,8 

Imbros. An island in the Aegean 
Sea. Ill, G5 

/men. = Imeritians. Ill, J4 

Zmenan*. = Imeritians. Ill, J4 

Imeritia. a region in the SW part 
of the Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Imeritians. Natives of Imeritia. 
Ill, J4 

Imghad. In the central part of the 
Sahara. I, C3,4 

Imono. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Imoshagh. The native name of the 
Tuareg. I, C4 

Inachus. a river in Argolis, SE 
Greece. Ill, G5 

Inaco. In E Honduras. IV, MlO 

Inagta. = Acta. V, BC2,3 

Inca. A tribe living near Cuzco, 
Peru, whose supremacy was ac- 
knowledged by most of the cul- 
tivated tribes of NW South 
America at the time of the com- 
ing of the Spaniards. The term 



is sometimes used in the sense 
of Quechua, 2. VI, C3,4 

India. In S Asia, S of the Hima- 
laya Mountains, between the 
Arabian Sea and the Bay of 
Bengal; 1,802,629 sq.mi. II, 
H-K5-8 

Indiana. A state in E central 
United States. IV, M6,7 

Indian Archipelago. The East 
Indian islands. V, A-F3,4 

Indian Ocean. One of the five 
oceans ; S of Asia, and E of 
Africa; the greatest known 
depth is 22,968 feet, in lat. 10° 
S, long. 108°E. II, F-M8-10 

Indians. A collective name for the 
aboriginal inhabitants of the 
New World, especially of North 
America ; so named by the early 
navigators, who thought that 
the lands which they had dis- 
covered were parts of India. 
According to Powell {Indian 
Linguistic Families of America, 
North of Mexico), the Indians 
of the continent N of Mexico 
are divided into 58 distinct lin- 
guistic families. The chief rep- 
resentative Indian tribes of 
Mexico and Central America 
are Aztecs, Chapanecs, Chon- 
tales, Guatuso, Maya, Otomi, 
Tarasco, Totonac, Xicaque, and 
Zapoteco. The principal tribes 
belonging to the South Ameri- 
can Indians are Araucanians, 
Arawak, Atacameno, Aymara, 
Carib, Chibcha, Chimu, Chi- 
quito, Coroado, Fuegians, Gua- 
hibo, Guaycuru, Jivaro, Llameo, 
Moxo, Otomaco, Patagonians, 
Puelche, Puquina, Quechua, Ta- 
puya, Tupi, Uaupes, and Yura- 
care. IV, VI 

Indian Territory. A former ter- 
ritory of the United States ; now 
a part of Oklahoma. IV, L7 



105 

Indo-China. (Sometimes called 
Farther India.) The SE pen- 
insula of Asia, comprising An- 
nam, Cambodia, Cochin China, 
Tonkin, Laos, Burma, Siam, 
Federated (and other) Malay 
states, and Straits Settlements 
proper. II, L6— 8 

Indonesian. A collective name for 
the non-Malay peoples of the 
Eastern Archipelago, of which 
the principal ones are the Ba- 
duj, Batta, Batu, Dyak, Lam- 
pong, Nassau, Nias, Passumah, 
Singkel, Sumba, and Tengerese, 
etc. The term was afterward ex- 
tended to include the people of 
Polynesia. V 

Indore. a native state and city in 
Central India. II, 16 

Indus. A river in NW India, 2,- 
000 miles long, flowing from 
Tibet to the Arabian Sea. II, 
HI5,6 

Inenga. A Mpongwe-speaking 
tribe on the lower Ogowe River, 
W Africa. I, CD5,6 

Infanta. A province in E central 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Ingakli. A subdivision of the Kara- 
kalpak. II, H4 

Ingano. In SW Colombia. VI, C2 

Ingibandi. In Western Australia. 
V, B6 

Ingush. A subdivision of the Che- 
chen. Ill, J4 

Ini. = loni. IV, L7,8 

Ininga. = Inenga. I, CD5,6 

Inirida. a lake in SE Colombia; 
also a river, an upper tribu- 
tary of the Orinoco, in the same 
region. VI, CD2 

Inkra. = Akra. I, B5 

Inner Horde. A subdivision of the 
Kirghiz-Kazak living E of the 
Volga River, Russia. Ill, J3,4! 



Ipurina 

Innuit. The native nam^e of the 
Eskimo. IV, A-T2-5 

Intag. In Ecuador. VI, C3 

Intha. In the S part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Inuna-ina. Native name of the 
Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Inviza. = Bibisa. I, F7 

Inyeri. The name of the Arawak 
tribes in the mountains of the 
Lesser Antilles, who remained 
after the depopulation by the 
Spaniards had set in. VI, Dl 

lola. In Portuguese Guinea, W 
Africa. I, A4 

Zowz. = Aienai. IV, LB 

Ionia. An ancient district on the 
W coast of Asia Minor. II, E5 

Ionian Islands. A group in 
the Mediterranean Sea, W of 
Greece. Ill, G5 

lonians. An ancient people of 
Greece and Asia Minor, and 
the adjacent islands. III, G5 

Ionian Sea. Part of the Mediter- 
ranean Sea, between Greece and 
S Italy. Ill, FG5 

los. An island in the Aegean Sea, 
Cyclades, Greece. Ill, G6 

Iowa. (1) A river in Iowa, about 
350 miles long, flowing into the 
Mississippi River. IV, L6. (2) 
A state in the N Mississippi 
Valley, United States. IV, L6 

lorva. One of the SW Siouan 
tribes, probably sprung from 
the Winnebago stem; in Illi- 
nois and Iowa. IV, LM6 

Ipeca. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Ipilo. A subdivision of the Pirro. 
VI, C4 

Ipi tribes. The Papuans living 
along the Gulf of New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Ipurina. An Arawak tribe on the 
Juruha, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 



Iquichano 

Iquichano. Near Huanta, a city of 
the department of Ayacucho, S 
Peru. VI, C4 

Iquito. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Ir. The native name of the Osse- 
tians. Ill, J4 

Irak. Another name for Meso- 
potamia, in SW Asia. II, F5 

Irak-Ajemi. a province of W 
Persia. II, FG5 

Irak Arabi. Ancient Babylonia, 
in the lower Tigris and Eu- 
phrates Valley. II, F 5 

Iramba. SW of Lake Bangweolo, 
Africa. I, E7 

Iran. The Persian name of Persia. 
II, F-H5,6 

Iranians. A collective name for 
the peoples on the Iranian pla- 
teau, including Persia, Afghani- 
stan, and Baluchistan; of which 
the chief ones are Afghans, Ba- 
luchi, Kurds, and Persians. The 
term is linguistic rather than 
ethnic. II, GH5,6 

Irapi. A subdivision of the Igor- 
rote. V, C2 

Iraq. = Irak. II, F5 

Irawadi. a river 900 miles long 
in Burma, flowing into the Bay 
of Bengal. II, K6,7 

Iraya. S of the Catalangan tribe 
living in Isabela, Luzon, Phil- 
ippine Islands. V, C2 

Ireland. One of the British Isles ; 
32,360 sq.mi. Ill, D3 

Irenat. A subdivision of the Bed- 
ouins in N Africa. I, E-G2-4 

Iriju. On the Purus, a tributary 
of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Irish. The natives of Ireland. Ill, 
D3 

Irish Sea. Part of the Atlantic 
Ocean, between England and 
Ireland. Ill, D3 

Iron. = Ir. Ill, J4 



106 

Iroquoian Family. A linguistic 
stock consisting of the follow- 
ing tribes and tribal groups liv- 
ing around Lakes Ontario and 
Erie, on both banks of the St. 
Lawrence River, and in parts 
of Virginia and North Caro- 
lina: Hurons, Tionontati (or To- 
bacco people or nation), Con- 
federation of the Aattiwenda- 
ronk or Neutrals, Conkhandeen- 
rhonon, Iroquois confederacy, 
remnants of alien tribes (e.g., 
Tutelo, Conoy, Foxes), Cones- 
toga or Susquehanna of three 
tribes, Erie Nation, Tuscarora 
Confederation, Nottoway, Me- 
herrin, Cherokee, Onnontioga. 
IV, N06,7 

Iroquois. The confederation of 
Iroquoian tribes known in his- 
tory, among other names, by 
that of the Five Nations, com- 
prising the Cayuga, Mohawk, 
Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca. 
Later the Tuscarora joined the 
confederation, making it the 
Six Nations. Located around the 
shores of Lakes Ontario and 
Erie. IV, N06,7 

Irrawaddy. = Irawadi. II, K6,7 

Irtysh, or Irtish. A river 2,300 
miles long, flowing from the 
Altai Mountains to the Ob Riv- 
er, in W Siberia. II, H-J3,4j 

Irula. A jungle tribe on the lower 
slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, S 
India. II, 17,8 

Irurvai. Formerly in California. 
IV, H7 

Isa. Between Zeila, Harar, and 
Berbera, towns of E Abyssinia 
and British Somaliland. I, G4,5 

Isabela. A province of NE Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Isa-Ishaai-Modoha. Between Zeila, 
Harar, and Berbera, towns of 



107 



Itivmiut 



E Abyssinia and British Somali- 
land. I, G4,5 

Isandra. In central Madagascar. 
I, G7,8 

IsANNA. A tributary of the Rio 
Negro (an affluent of the Ama- 
zon), in NW Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Isanna. On the Isanna River in 
NW Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Iscuande. On the Patia River, SW 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Ishak. A subdivision of the Asha. 

I, G4,5 

Ishing. On the Sobat, a tributary 
of the Middle Nile. I, F4 

Ishogo. S of the lower Ogowe Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, D6 

Isimahety. A subdivision of the 
Sakalava. I, G7,8 

Isinay. In Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Isinay a. = Isinay. V, C2 

Isitine. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 

Isium-itanium. A subdivision of 
the Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Isot. In Dera Ismail Khan, Pan- 
jab, India. II, 16 

Israel. An ancient kingdom in N 
Palestine. II, E 5 

Israelites. A former name of the 
Jews. 

Issedone. A people in SE Russia, 
described by Herodotus. Ill, 
J3,4 

7**og^o. = Ishogo. I, D6 

IssuK KuL. A river in Turkestan. 

II, H4 

Isuhu. On the coast of Cameroon, 
W Africa. I, CDS 

Ita. (1) A tribe of Eskimo be- 
tween lat. 76°N and long. 78° 
W, Greenland. IV, 0P2. (2) = 
Aeta. V, BC2,3 

Itaa.^Ata. V, C3 

Itahatski. Hidatsa name for the 
Dakota. IV, KL5,6 



Ita-ita. N of the lower Murrum- 
bidgee, a tributary of the Mur- 
ray River, New South Wales. 
V, E7 

Italians. The people of Italy with 
the islands of Sicily, Sardinia, 
and Corsica. Ill, EF4,5 

Italian Somaliland. A protec- 
torate in E Africa; 154,000 sq. 
mi. I, GH4-6 

Itdlmen. = Kamchadale. II, QR3 

Italone. In the SW corner of 
Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Italy. A kingdom and peninsula 
in S Europe; 117,982 sq.mi. 
Ill, EF4,5 

Zfone^. = Tinguiane. V, C2 

Z^awe^o. = Tinguiane. V, C2 

Itasupuzi. Hidatsa name for the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Ita Tapuiija. On the Capana and 
other tributaries of the Madeira, 
Brazil. VI, D3 

7f ave^. = Tinguiane. V, C2 

Itazipco. = Sa,ns Arcs. IV, KL6 

Ite. On the Itenez, a tributary of 
the Rio Mamore, Bolivia. VI, 
D4 

7f eZrwe. = Itiilmen. II, QR3 

Itene. = Ite. VI, D4 

Itenez. A tributary of the Rio 
Mamore, Bolivia. VI, D4 

Itetapane. On the W borders of 
Isabela, Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Ithaca. One of the Ionian Is- 
lands. Ill, G5 

Ithi-ithi. N of the middle Murray 
River, New South Wales. V, E7 

Itisan. In Asben, an oasis country 
in the Sahara. I, C4 

Ititcha. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Itivmiut. Near Cape Wolsten- 
holme on the N coast of Labra- 
dor. IV, P4 



Itonama 



108 



Itonama. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Itongoarivolava. In SE Madagas- 
car. I, G8 

Itsitiaroa. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Ittu. Near the Ittu Mountains, 
Abyssinia. I, G5 

Itucale. On the upper Maranon, 
the upper part of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Itui. A subdivision of the Igor- 
rote. V, C2 

Itiilen. = Itiilmen. II, QR3 

Itulmen. The native name of the 
Kamchadales. II, QR3 

Ituri. a tributary of the upper 
Congo. I, E5 

Ituri. A Negrillo, or pygmy, peo- 
ple in Uganda. I, F5 

Itza. In the S part of the Yuca- 
tan Peninsula, Mexico. IV, M9 

Ivervek. In Asia Minor. II, F4,5 

Ivili. S of the lower Ogowe River, 
W Africa. I, CD6 



Ivinga. On the Ogowe River, W 

Africa. I, CD6 
IvizA. One of the Balearic Islands, 

in the W Mediterranean Sea. 

Ill, E5 
Ivory Coast. A colony in Upper 

Guinea, French West Africa, 

W of the Gold Coast; 121,976 

sq.mi. I, B5 
Iwaidja. Near Port Essington, 

North Australia. V, D5 
Ixil. On the headwaters of the Rio 

Salinas, Guatemala. IV, MlO 
lyala. In Nigeria. I, C5 
Isekiri. = Tshekeri. I, C5 
Izeraren. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 
Izhava. = lz\i\iva.n. II, 17,8 
Izhor. A subdivision of the Finns. 

Ill, G2 
Izhuvan. The middle-class caste 

of Malabar, Cochin, and Trav- 

ancore, India. II, 17,8 
Izohan. In the central part of the 

Sahara. I, C3 



%J aalin. = Jalin. I, F4 
Jahaana. = Yabahana. VI, D3 
Jabim. In NE New Guinea. V, E4 
Jabrachi. A subdivision of the 

Kurds. II, F5 
Jacami. A subdivision of the Ua- 

upes. VI, D2,3 
Jacane. - Yucane. V, BC2,3 
Jacare. Near the junction of the 
Beni and the Mamore, tribu- 
taries of the Madeira, Brazil. 
VI, D3 
Jachalbarap. In NW Victoria. V, 

E7 
Jacilc-JacJc. = Jacks. I, B5 
Jacks. On the Ivory Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 
Jacore. = Yakon. IV, H6 
Jaconaiga. A subdivision of the 
Abipone. VI, D5 



Jacunda. a stream in E Brazil. 
VI, F3 

Jacunda. Between the Tocantins 
and the Jacunda, Brazil. VI, F3 

Jadi. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 
II, F6 

Jadran. (1) On the E slopes of 
the Suleiman range, W of the 
Indus, India. II, 15,6. (2) = Zad- 
ran. II, HI5 

Jaen. a province in N Spain. Ill, 
D4 

Jafar. On the spurs of the Sulei- 
man range, NW India. II, I5,6 

Jaffa. = 'Nupe. I, C5 

Jagannath. = Puri. II, J7 

Jagga. A warlike people stream- 
ing westward (about 1490 a.d.) 
from the region of the head- 
waters of the Nile, and subdu- 



109 

ing part of Angola. They even- 
tually settled near the Upper 
Kwango. I, DE6,7 

Jagoi. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Jahalin. = Jalin. I^ F4 

Jains. Adherents of Jainism, a 
heterodox Hindu religion inter- 
mediate between Brahmanism 
and Buddhism, founded in the 
6th century b.c. The word 
means "saints." II, IJ6 

Jaipur. A native state and city in 
Rajputana, India. II, 16 

Jajaurung. On the upper Loddon, 
a tributary of the Murray, cen- 
tral Victoria. V, E7 

Jaji. On the upper Kuram, a 
tributary of the Indus, India. 
II, 15 

Jajowerong. = Jajaurung. V, E7 

Jajoivurrong. = Jajaurung. V, E7 

J a juorong. = Jajaurung. V, E7 

Jakelbalak. In NW Victoria. V, 
E7 

Jakri. a former native kingdom 
on the Slave Coast, W Africa. 

I, C5 

JaJcun. In Johor, in the S part of 

the Malay Peninsula. V, A3 
Jalair. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 

II, H4,5 

Jaleji. A subdivision of the Fulah. 
I, B-E4,5 

Jalidat. A subdivision of the Bag- 
gara. I, EF4 

Jalin. About the junction of the 
Blue Nile and the Nile; but 
widely diffused as traders and 
settlers throughout Sennar, Ta- 
ka, Kordofan, Darfur, and even 
Kaffa. I, F4 

Jalisco. A state in W Mexico. IV, 
K9 

Jalunga. In the S part of Sene- 
gambia, W Africa. I, A4 

Jaluo. In the NE corner of the 



Japan 

Victoria Nyanza: the Nilotic 
Kavirondo. I, F5,6 

Ja7nah. A subdivision of the Bag- 
gara. I, EF4 

Jamamady. = Jamamari. VI, D3 

Jamamari. On the W side of the 
Purus, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 

Jamasee. = Yamasee. IV, N7 

Jamhara. On the Bahr-el-Jebel, 
the upper part of the Nile. I, 
F5 

Jambi. On the coast of N Sumatra. 
II, K8 

James. (1) Bay. The S part of 
Hudson Bay, Canada. IV, N5. 
(2) River. In E Virginia. IV, 
N7 

Jamestown. An early settlement 
(1607) in SE Virginia. IV, N7 

Jamuda. In Para, Brazil. VI, F3 

Jana. a river in NE Siberia. II, 
0P2 

Janbara. In Uganda. I, F5 

Jangak. A subdivision of the Gok- 
len. II, G5 

Jange. = Dinka. I, F5 

Jangere. In S Cameroon. I, D6 

J angha. = Dinka. I, F5 

Jangheh. = Dinka. I, F5 

Janghey. = Dinka. According to 
some authors, they are distin- 
guished from the Dinka, their 
habitation being stated to be on 
the lower Sobat, an upper 
branch of the Nile. I, F5 

Janke. = T>vaka. I, F5 

Jano. In Chihuahua, Mexico. IV, 
K8 

Januma. On the Teffe, a tribu- 
tary of the middle Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Japalua. E of the Albert Nyanza, 
Africa. I, F5 

Japan. (1) An empire of islands, 
E of the Japan Sea, Asia; 148,- 
756 sq.mi. II, N-Q3-6. (2) Sea 
OF. Part of the Pacific Ocean 



Japanese 

between Japan and Chosen. II, 
N04,5 

Japanese. The natives of Japan, 
II, N-Q3-6 

Japtuleil. NE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza. I, F5 

Japua. On the Maranon, the up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Japura. = Yapura. VI, CD2,3 

Jarambiuk. In NW Victoria. V, 
E7 

Jarawa. (1) A subdivision of the 
Andamanese, on Little Anda- 
man. II, K7. (2) In N Nigeria. 

I, C4 

Jarcoort. W of Lake Korangamite, 

SW Victoria. V, E7 
Jardum. In Uganda. I, F5 
Jarot. In Mongolia. II, LM4 
Jaruri. Between the Meta and the 
Capanaparo, Venezuela. VI, D2 
Jasaktu. In N Mongolia. II, LM4 
Jashpur. a native state of E In- 
dia. II, J 6 
Jasim. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 

II, F6 

Jat. In the W part of Panjab, In- 
dia. II, 16 

Jauana. On the TeiFe, a tributary 
of the middle Amazon. VI, D3 

Jaudallahab. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Java, An island in the Dutch East 
Indies; 48,857 sq.mi, V, AB4 

Javaes. On the Araguaya, Brazil; 
now extinct. VI, F3 

Javahais. On the upper Araguaya 
and in the island of Bananal in 
the same river, Brazil, = Javaes ? 
VI, EF3,4 

Javahes. = Javaes, VI, F3 

Javanese. In the E half of Java. 
V, B4 

Javary, or Javari. A river be- 
tween Brazil and Peru, flowing 
to the Maranon River, VI, C3 

Javipujaz. Between the Xingu 



110 

and the Tocantins, Brazil. VI, 
EF3 

Jawambe. A subdivision of the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Jawamiah. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 

Jazyge. A Sarmatian tribe who 
migrated to Hungary from their 
original home, N of the Sea of 
Azov, about the beginning of 
the Christian era, and later were 
merged in the Magyars. Ill, F— 
H4 

/e6aZi^o. = D j ebalia, I, CD2 

Jebaro. = Jivaro. VI, C3 

Jebero. (1) = Jivaro. VI, C3. (2) 
= Zaparo. VI, C3 

Jebir. = Jibir. I, G4,5 

Jebtobe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Jebu. A Yoruba tribe on the Slave 
Coast, W Africa, I, C5 

Jebusites. An ancient race who 
lived in the mountainous coun- 
try around Jerusalem, Palestine, 
II, E5 

Jehehr. A subdivision of the Sakai 
in Upper Perak, Malay Penin- 
sula. II, KL8 

Jeheineh. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 

Jei. a tributary of the Bahr-el- 
Jebel, the upper part of the 
Nile, I, F5 

J ekiri. = J ekri. I, C5 

Jekri. In the Warri district, W of 
the lower Niger, W Africa, I, 
C5 

Jel. A subdivision of the Fulah. 
I, B-E4,5 

Jelilawand. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Jellube. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah, I, B-E4,5 

Jemez. In N New Mexico, IV, K7 

Jenge. The native name for the 
Dinka, I, F5 

Jerba. = Gerba, I, D2 



Ill 



Juina 



Jericho. An ancient city in Pales- 
tine, N of the Dead Sea. II, E5 

Jerusalem. A city in Palestine. 
II, E5 

Jervis Island. In Torres Strait, 
N of Queensland. V, E5 

/evaro. = Jivaro. VI, C3 

Jevero. = Jivaro. VI, C3 

Jewasimi. In W Oman; about lat. 
24°N, long. 55°E. II, G6 

Jews. A people found scattered 
over the world in small groups ; 
the great majority of their total 
number is in Europe. They 
are the descendants of a tribe 
known as Judah. 

Jeypur. = Jaipur. II, 16 

Jhelum. The ancient Hydaspes, 
a river 460 miles long, in Kash- 
mir and Punjab, India. II, I5,6 

Jiandal. The Tungus name for the 
Samoyed. II, G— Jl,2 

Jiharo. = Jivaro. VI, C3 

Jibbe. On the upper Sobat, an up- 
per branch of the Nile. I, F5 

Jibtr. Nomad leather workers in 
Somaliland, reduced to pariah 
^conditions by the Somals. I, G 
4,5 

Jibito. = Uihito. VI, C3 

Jicarilla. An Athapascan tribe in 
SE Colorado and N New Mexi- 
co. IV, K7 

Jieng. The native name for the 
Dinka. I, F5 

Jilimu. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, AB4 

Jingkang. On the Kapuas River 
in the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, AB4 

Jivaro. Between the upper Pastas- 
sa and the Santiago, tributaries 
of the Maraiion, SW Ecuador; 
they must not be confounded 
with the Zaparo or Jebero. VI, 
C3 

Jmoud. In Lithuania. Ill, G3 



JoDHPUR. A native state in Raj- 
putana, W India. II, 16 

Jogi. In S India. II, 17 

JoHORE, or JoHOR. A sultauate in 
the S Malay Peninsula. II, L8 

Jokyakarta. a residency in S 
Java. V, AB4 

Jolloff. = Jolof . I, A4 

JoLo. The chief island in the Sulu 
Archipelago, Philippine Islands. 
V, C3 

Joloano. A subdivision of the 
Moro. V, BC3 

Jolof. = Wolof . According to some 
authors, they form the chief 
branch of the Wolof. I, A4 

JoNENDAKE. A mountain in Japan. 
II, 05 

Jordan. A river about 135 miles 
long in Palestine, flowing into 
the Dead Sea. II, E5 

Jorham. An extinct tribe in Ara- 
bia. II, F6 

Joshua Indians. = Tceine. IV, H6 

Jrupa. In NW Szechuan, China. 
II, L5 

Juan Fernandez. An island and 
group in the S Pacific Ocean, 
400 miles W of Chile. VI, A6 

Juang. In Orissa, the southwest- 
ernmost division of Bengal, In- 
dia. II, J6 

JuBA, or JuB. A river between 
British East Africa and Italian 
Somaliland. I, G5 

Jubery. On the Purus, a tributary 
of the Amazon. VI, D3 

t/M^m. = Jubery. VI, D3 

Jucuna. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Judaea, or Judea. A Roman di- 
vision of S Palestine. II, E5 

Judah. An ancient kingdom in S 
Palestine. II, E5 

Juggernaut. = PuRi. II, J7 

JweWg-e. = Lengua. VI, E5 

Juina. A tributary of the Tocan- 
tins, Brazil. VI, F4 



Jujuy 

JujuY. A province in NW Argen- 
tina. VI, D5 

Jukun. S of the middle Binue, a 
tributary of the Niger, W Af- 
rica. I, CD5 

JuLLUNDUR. A division of Pun- 
jab, British India. II, 16 

Jumana. = Ticuna. VI, D3 

Jumano. An Indian tribe of un- 
known affinity in New Mexico 
and Texas. IV, K7,8 

Jumna. A river in India, flowing 
860 miles from the Himalayas 
to the Ganges. II, IJ5,6 

jMW^Zi. = Katumarathi. II, I7 

Junma. On the Xingu, Brazil. VI, 
E3 

Jupa-galk-tvourndich. W of the 
Avoca River, N W Victoria. V, E7 

Juqui. On the Rio Negro, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon; now ex- 
tinct. VI, D3 

Jttr. = Dyur. I, EF5 

Juri. (1) On the Amazon between 



112 

the rivers Putumayo and Ya- 
pura; many of them have set- 
tled on the Rio Negro. VI, D3. 
(2) On the Rio Salado, a tribu- 
tary of the Rio de la Plata. VI, 
D5,6 
Jurobaluk. In W Victoria. V, E7 

JURUA. = JURUHA. VI, CD3 

JuRUHA. A tributary of the upper 
Amazon. VI, CD3 

Juruk. = YuYuk. II, DE5 

Juruna. On the Xingu, Brazil. VI, 
E3 

Jurunna.=Jurxma. VI, E3 

JuTAY. A tributary of the upper 
Amazon. VI, D3 

Jutes. A German tribe which in- 
vaded Britain with the Saxons 
and Angles in the 5th century. 
Ill, DE3 

Jutland. A peninsula, the only 
continental part of Denmark. 
Ill, E3 

Jurvano. = Waboni. I, FG6 



iTa. = Kha. II, L7 

Kaarta. a desert district in SW 

French West Africa. I, AB4 
Kaawaloa Bay. In the Hawaiian 

Islands. V, Ll 
Kababish. W of the Middle Nile; 

lat. 15°-18°N, long. 30°E. I, 

EF4 
Kabadi. NW of Port Moresby, 

British New Guinea. V, E4 
Kabail. = Kabyle. I, C2 
Kab Arabs. In SW Persia. II, FG 

5,6 
Kabardians. On the N slopes of 

the central Caucasus. Ill, J4 
Kabards. ^Kabardians. Ill, J4! 
Kabbabish. = 'Kahabish. I, EF4i 
Kabbaga. In Wadai, Africa. I, DE4 
Kabi. Along Mary River and in 



the Bunya Bunya country, SE 
Queensland. V, F6 

Kabinapek. W of Clear Lake, N 
California. IV, H7 

Kabinda. Near the mouth of the 
Congo. I, D6 

Kabul. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Kabul. = Cabul. II, H5 

Kabunga. On the Casamanza Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, A4 

Kabyle. On the highlands of Al- 
geria and Tunis. I, C2 

Kacha. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Kachari. In SW Assam, India. II, 
K6 

Kachi. In Gujarat, a region of W 
India. II, 16 



113 

Kachin. The Burmese name for 
the Chingpaw. II, K6 

Kachiquel. In Guatemala. IV, M 
9,10 

KacTii-Yuz. = Little Horde. II, H4 

Xac%en. = Kachin. II, K6 

Xac?a». = Kadir. II, 17,8 

Kadayan. On the lower Limbang 
River, NW Borneo. V, B3 

Kadempai. On the Kapuas River 
in the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, BC3,4 

Kadiak. = Koniaga. IV, D4 

Kadimu. In Kavirondo, E of Vic- 
toria Nyanza, Africa. I, F6 

Kadir. A jungle tribe in the Anai- 
malai Hills of Travancore, S 
India. II, 17,8 

Kado. = K'a-to. II, K6 

Kadohadacho. An Indian tribe of 
the Caddo confederacy, some- 
times confused with the con- 
federacy itself; in Louisiana. 
IV, L7,8 

Kadu. W of the upper Irawadi 
(about lat. 24°N), Burma. II, 
K6 

Kaduna. a tributary of the Niger, 
W Africa. I, D4 

Kadup. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Kadzina. Between the Niger and 
Lake Chad, Africa. I, CD4,5 

Kaffa. a former state in Abys- 
sinia. I, F5 

Kaffa. = Sidama. I, F5 

Kaffir. (1) A group of Bantu- 
speaking peoples occupying the 
E half of the Cape Colony, in- 
cluding the Amafingo, Amapon- 
do, Amatembu, and Amaxosa 
tribes. The term was given by 
the Arabs, meaning "iniidel," 
to all pagan natives of E Africa, 
and in this sense was adopted 
by the Portuguese and Dutch. 
I, E9. (2) Sometimes this is 



Kaiyuh-hhotana 

used the same as the name 
Bantu. I, D-F6-9 

Kaffitscho. Inhabitants of Kaffa, 
Abyssinia. I, F5 

Kaffraria. a region in the E part 
of Cape Colony, South Africa. 
I, E9 

Xa^c^o. = Kaffitscho. I, F5 

Kafir. (1) In Kafiristan, NE Af- 
ghanistan. II, HI5. (2) = Kaffir, 
1. I, E9 

Kafiristan. A province in NE 
Afghanistan. II, HIS 

Kagaba. = K6ggaha. VI, C2 

Kagoro. A head-hunting tribe in 
Nigeria. I, C4,5 

Kahajan. a river in Borneo. V, 
B3,4 

Kahmiltpah. In Washington. IV, 
H6 

Kaiabara. In the SE part of 
Queensland. V, F6 

Kaia-kaia. In Dutch New Guinea. 
V, D4 

Kaialigamut. On the SW coast of 
Alaska. IV, C4 

Kaierra. = Kariera. V, BC7 

Kaigani. A division of the Haida, 
on the Prince of Wales Island, 
Alaska. IV, F5 

Kaime. On the W coast of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Kainah. A division of the Black- 
feet or Siksika Indians in Al- 
berta. IV, J5 

Kaingang, On the E tributaries of 
the Parana, South America. VI, 
E5 

Kaingua. = Caingua. VI, E5 

Kaioweh. A prairie tribe of Al- 
gonquian stock. IV, L6 

Kai Porno. On the W coast of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Kaitish. In North Australia, about 
lat. 21 °S, long. 134°E. V, D6 

Kaiyuh-hhotana. The westernmost 
Athapascan tribe of Alaska, liv- 
ing on the banks of the Yukon 



Kajaman 

River between Anvik and Koyu- 
kuk rivers. IV, CD3 

Kajaman. On the upper Rejang 
River, Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Kajar. A mixed people in the N 
province of Persia. II, FG5 

Kajji. In Nigeria. I, C5 

Kakadu. In North Australia. V, 
D5 

Kakamatsi. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Kakanda. On the lower Niger, Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Kakar. On the upper Zhob, a 
tributary of the Gomal (a 
branch of the Indus), India. II, 
15 

Kakarakala. On the Gascoyne Riv- 
er, Western Australia. V, B6 

Kakau. A subdivision of the tribe 
occupying Florida Island, Solo- 
mon Islands, Melanesia. V, G4 

Kakhyen. The Burmese name for 
the Chingpaw ; = Kachin. II, K6 

Kakka. In W Kashmir, India. II, 
15 

Kakkarakka. The Mittu name for 
the Niam-Niam. I, DE5 

Kakongo. N of the mouth of the 
Congo. I, D6 

Kala. In Gujarat, a region of W 
India. II, 16 

Ka-la. In W Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Kalabit. In the country between 
the headwaters of the Baram 
and Limbang rivers, Sarawak, 
Borneo. V, B3 

Kaladan. a river in N Arakan, 
Burma. II, K6 

Kalahari Desert. In Bechuana- 
land. South Africa. I, DE8 

Kalaka. On the upper Welle, a 
tributary of the Ubangi, central 
Africa. I, ES 

Kalang. In Java. V, AB4 

Kalapooian Family. A group of 



114 

tribes formerly occupying the 
valley of the Willamette River, 
NW Oregon. IV, H6 

Kalliur. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Kali. In the basin of the Binue, a 
tributary of the Niger, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Kaliah. A subdivision of the Jalin. 
I, F4 

Kalio. = Behosy. I, G7 

Kalis Maloh. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Kalispel. A Salish tribe in N 
Idaho and NE Washington. IV, 
HJ5,6 

Kalispelm. ^Kalispel. IV, HJ5,6 

Kalka. = Khalka. II, LM4 

Kalkadoona. On the headwaters of 
the Cloncurry River, N Queens- 
land. V, E5 

Kalkalgundit. On the Loddon, a 
tributary of the Murray, Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Kalian. In S India. II, 17 

Kallapuya. = Calapooya. IV, H6 

XaZZar. = Kalian. II, 17 

Kallum. In N Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, As 

Kalmuck. In W and S Mongolia 
and Zungaria, and in the coun- 
try lying between the lower 
parts of the Don and Volga 
rivers, Russia. II, JK4; III, J4 

Kalmuk. = Kalmuck. II, JK4; III, 
J4 

Kalmyck. = Kalmuck. II, JK4 ; III, 
J4 

Kalo. SE of Port Moresby, Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, EF5 

Kaluka. A subdivision of the Sea 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Kalunda. SE of Lake Moero (SW 
of Lake Tanganyika), E Africa. 
I, E6 

Kama. On the Ogowe River, W 
Africa. I, CD6 



115 



KankanJca 



Kamasia. NE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I^ ¥5,6 

Kamastes. A subdivision of the 
Samoyed. II, G— Jl,2 

Kamayuru. At the headwaters of 
the Xingu River, Brazil. VI, 
E4 

Xamba. = Akamba. I, F5 

Kambojians. = Cambodians. II, L7 

Kamchadale. In the S half of 
Kamchatka Peninsula, Siberia. 
II, QR3 

Kamchatka, or Kamtchatka. A 
peninsula and province in SE 
Siberia. II, QR2,3 

Kamchatkans. = Kamchadale. II, 
QR3 

Kamdschuru. = Ach6li. I, F5 

iTame. = Kaingang. VI, E5 

Kamerun. = Cameroon. I, CD4,5 

Kamilaroi. On nearly the whole of 
the pastoral district of Liver- 
pool Plains, New South Wales. 
V, E7 

Kamjang. A branch of the Tai or 
Shan stock which came into As- 
sam from Burma about 1810. 
II, K6 

Kammalan. In Cochin, S India. 
II, 17 

Kamuku. E of the lower Niger 
(about lat. 10°N), Africa. I, 
C4,5 

Kanaka. = Polynesians. The name 
means "man" in the native lan- 
guage. It is now used indiffer- 
ently to indicate the Melane- 
sians. New Caledonians, Tahi- 
tians, and Hawaiians. V 

Kanamari. = Canamary. VI, C3 

Kanapai. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Kanara. (1) North. A district in 
the S Bombay presidency, Brit- 
ish India. II, 17. (2) South. A 
district in NW Madras presi- 
dency, British India. II, 17 

Kanarese. = Caiiarese. II, 17 



Kanawari, In Garhwal, North- 
West Provinces, India. II, 16 

Kanchi. In Bolivia. VI, D4,5 

Kandh. In Orissa and the NE part 
of Madras presidency of India. 
II, IJ7 

Kandians. In Ceylon, India. II, 
IJ8 

Kandin. NW of Lake Chad, Af- 
rica. I, D4 

Kandjigaly. A subdivision of the 
Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Kanem. a district NE of Lake 
Chad, French Equatorial Af- 
rica. I, D4 

Kanembu. N of Lake Chad, and 
in N Nigeria, Africa. I, D4 

Kanet. An Indo-Aryan people in 
the E part of Panj ab, and in the 
Himalayas. II, 15,6 

Kanganyare. S of the lower Ogo- 
we, W Africa. I, CD6 

Kangivamiut. On the George Riv- 
er in the N part of Labrador, 
IV, P4 

Kani. In the central part of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Kaniagmiut. The largest and most 
powerful Eskimo tribe on the 
Alaskan coast, inhabiting Ko- 
diak Island, and the mainland 
westward along the S coast to 
long. 159°W. IV, CD4 

Kanihar. In the jungles of S In- 
dia. II, 17 

Kaninahoic. Chippewa name for 
the Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Kaniyan. In Cochin, S India. II, 
17 

Kanjar. In North- West Provinces, 
India. II, HIS 

Kan- j en. In the NE part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Kanka-Bonou. In central Ivory 
Coast, W Africa. I, B5 

Kankanka. In the S part of Sene- 
gambia, W Africa. I, A4 



Kanli 



116 



Kanli. A subdivision of the Us- 

beg. II, H4,5 
Kano-Fulah. Between the Niger 

and Lake Chad, Africa. I, CD 

4,5 
Kano-Hawsa. Between the Niger 

and Lake Chad, Africa. I, CD 

4,5 
Kanowit. On the river of the same 

name, a tributary of the lower 

Rejang, Sarawak, Borneo. V, 

B3 
Kansa. A SW Siouan tribe, from 

Kansas to Oklahoma. IV, L7 
Kansas. A state in central United 

States. IV, KL7 
Kansu. a NW province of China 

proper. II, L5 
Kantu. On the Kapuas River, in 

the W part of Dutch Borneo. 

V, B4 
Kanung. Native name for the Lu- 

tze. II, K5,6 
Kanuri. SW of Lake Chad, Africa. 

I, D4 
Kanyaa. A subdivision of the Wa- 

kamba. I, F6 
Kanyop. S of the river Casamanza, 

W Africa. I, A4 
Kao-p'o Miao. In W Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 
Kappu. In S India. II, 17 
Kapuas. A river in the W part of 

Dutch Borneo. V, AB3,4 
Kapuas Tanjong. A subdivision of 

the Tanjong. V, B3 
Kapuas Ukit. A subdivision of the 

Ukit. V, B4 
Kapui. = Kaupui. II, K6 
Kapun-kapunbana. In NW Vic- 
toria. V, E7 
Kara. SW of the middle Amu 

Daria, central Asia. II, H4,5 
Karabalkan. A subdivision of the 

Goklen. II, G5 
Kara Bugaz, Gulf of. In the E 

part of the Caspian Sea. II, G4 



Karahulak. A subdivision of the 
Chechen. Ill, J4 

Karafuto. The S, or Japanese, 
part of Sakhalin. II, P4 

Karagasi. In E Siberia and N 
Kamchatka. II, QR2,3 

Karagass. W of Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, L3 

Karaguzlu. Near Hamadan, a 
town in Irak-Ajemi, W Persia. 
II, F5 

Karagwe. SW of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F6 

Karaika. A subdivision of the Fue- 
gians. VI, CDS 

Karaja. = Caraya. VI, E4 

Karakalpak. S of the lower Syr 
Daria, central Asia. II, H4 

Kara-Kartshin. On Lob-Nor, Sin- 
kiang, central Asia. II, J5 

Kara-Khitai. A nation, mainly of 
Tungusian stock, which in the 
10th and 11th centuries extend- 
ed its rule from Manchuria over 
a large part of the steppes of 
central Asia until the Mongols 
founded a new world-empire in 
that region. II, K-N2-4 

Kara-Kirghiz. In the Pamir, cen- 
tral Asia; they are the Kirghiz 
proper. II, 1 5 

Karakoran. = Mustagh. II, 15 

Karakursak. A subdivision of the 
Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Karalit. The native name for the 
Greenland Eskimo. IV, O— U 
1-4 

Karaman. A subdivision of the 
Salor. II, H4,5 

Karamhola. In SW Madagascar. 

I, G8 
Karamojo. W of Lake Rudolph, 

Uganda. I, F5 

Karanguru. N of the Warburton 

River, South Australia. V, D6 

Karanka. = Caranca. VI, CD4 

Karankarva. A term that seems to 

have been given originally to a 



117 



KaskasMa 



small tribe near Matagorda 
Bay^ TexaSj but its application 
has been extended to include a 
number of related tribes be- 
tween Galveston Bay and Padre 
Island. IV, L8 

Karapapak. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Kararish. = Gararish. I, F4 

Kara-Tangut. In Koko-Nor, NE 
Tibet. II, K5 

Karateghin. In the E part of Semi- 
rechinsk. II, 14 

Karawa. In North Australia ; about 
lat. 17°S, long. 138°E. V, D5 

Kardagur. Near the Blackwood 
River in the SW extremity of 
Western Australia. V, B7 

Karekare. SW of Lake Chad, Af- 
rica. I, D4 

Karelians. In the central table- 
land of Finland. Ill, G2 

Karen. In Irawadi, Pegu, Ten- 
asserim. Lower Burma, and in 
W Siam. II, K7 

Kareng. = Karen. II, K7 

Karesau Island. In (former Ger- 
man) New Guinea. V, E4 

Kargo. In the central part of 
Kordofan, Anglo-Egyptian Su- 
dan. I, EF4 

Kariamb. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Karien. = Karen. II, K7 

Kariera. In Western Australia. V, 
BC7 

Karif. The "Black Caribs," who 
are a Carib-Negro mixture; in 
the West Indies, and on the 
Kariff Gulf in Honduras. IV, 
M-O9,10 

Kariff. = Karii. IV, M-O9,10 

Karikaparu. a village of the Pat- 
amona, Colombia. VI, C2 

Karimera. One of the subdivisions 
of the Kariera. V, BC7 

Karnathan. On the E coast of Vic- 
toria. V, E7 



Karnatic. = Carnatic. II, IJ7 
Karneshim. In Eritrea, NE Af- 
rica. I, FG4 
Karok. The name by which the 
Indians of the Quoretean fam- 
ily have, as a tribe, been gener- 
ally called; on the upper Kla- 
math River, N California; also 
Cahroc. IV, H6 
Karon. On the N coast of Dutch 

New Guinea. V, D4 
Karoo, Great. A plateau from 3,- 
000 to 4,000 feet high, in S 
Cape Colony, South Africa. I, 
E9 
Kars. a government in Transcau- 
casia. II, F4 
Xarf Mi. = Kartvelians. Ill, J4 
Kartsin. In Mongolia. II, LM4 
XorfweZi. = Kartvelians. Ill, J4 
Kartvelians. A collective name for 
the Georgians, Imeritians, and 
Mingrelians, etc., in the SW 
Caucasus. Ill, J4 
Karunbura. S of the Fitzroy Riv- 
er, E Queensland. V, EF6 
Karus. = Karon. V, D4 
Karrvar. In Baghalpur, Behar, 

Bengal, India. II, J6,7 
Kasana'i. a village in the Tro- 
briand Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F4 
Kashgaria. a district in Sinkiang 

province, China. II, 14,5 
Kashgarians. On the bank of the 
Tarim River, E Turkestan. II, 
14 
Kashilange. = Bashilange. I, E6 
Kashkai. In Farsistan, a province 

of SW Persia. II, G6 
Kashmir. A native state in NW 

India. II, 1 5,6 
Kashmiri. The natives of Kash- 
mir, India. II, 15,6 
Kasia. = Khasia. II, K6 
Kasigua. In Uruguay. VI, E6 
Kaskasia. = Kaskaskia. IV, M6,7 
Kaskaskia. Once the leading tribe 



Kas-hhui 



118 



of the Illinois confederacy, and 
perhaps rightly to be consider- 
ed as the elder brother of the 
group; on the Mississippi, be- 
low the mouth of the Illinois 
River. IV, M6,7 

Kas-khui. In SW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Kasoeng. In French Indo-China. 
II, L7 

Kassena. On the N Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Kassites. An ancient people set- 
tled between Babylon and Me- 
dia. II, FG5 

Kassivo. = Cashibo. VI, C3 

Kassonke. A subdivision of the 
Mandingo. I, A4,6 

Kassovo. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Kastamuni, or Kastambul. A dis- 
trict in NW Asia Minor. II, D 
E4 

Kastel Porno. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Kastoria. a Greek village in the 
Upper Haliakmon Valley of 
W Macedonia. Ill, G4. 

Kasuba. In the Nilgiri Hills, S 
India. II, 17,8 

Kata. A subdivision of the Kiowa. 
IV, L7 

Katab. In N Nigeria. I, CD4 

Kataba. = Catawba. IV, N7 

Katanga. On the headwaters of 
the Lualaba, the upper part of 
the Congo. I, E6 

Katchin. The Burmese name for 
the Chingpaw. II, K6 

Kathengi. A subdivision of the 
Wakamba. I, F6 

Kathiawar. a peninsula in Guja- 
rat, on the W coast of India. 
II, 16 

Katiba. On the Rejang River, Sa- 
rawak, Borneo. V, B3 

K'a-to. In S Yunnan, China; said 
to be probably the same as the 



Kano (Kadu) of Burma. II, K 
L6 

Kato Porno. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Kattea. A people who lived in 
the steppe region of N Trans- 
vaal as far as the Limpopo; 
called by the Dutch Vaalpens. 
I, EF8 

Katukina. On the Madre de Dios 
and Beni rivers, in N Bolivia. 
VI, D4 

Katulya. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Katumarathi. In S India. II, 17 

Katungo Maloh. A subdivision of 
the Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4. 

Katwui. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 

Kau-i-a. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Kaumains. = Comanche. IV, KL7 

Kaupui. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Kaur. In E India. II, JK6 

Kauralaig. In Prince of Wales Is- 
land and Banks Island, in Tor- 
res Strait. V, E5 

Kaurava. = Kaur. II, JK6 

Kaure. W of the lower Niger (lat. 
10°N), Africa. I, C4.,5 

Kaurna. Between the Murray Riv- 
er and the Gulf of St. Vincent, 
South Australia. V, DE7 

Kaveri. = Cauvery. II, 17 

Kaviagmiut. An Eskimo tribe oc- 
cupying the S part of the Ka- 
viak peninsula, Alaska. IV, B 
C3 

Kaviak Peninsula. Now Seward 
Peninsula^ Alaska. IV, BC3 

Kavika. A subdivision of the tribe 
inhabiting Tikopia, Santa Cruz 
group, Melanesia. V, G5 

Kavirondo. a district NE of the 
Victoria Nyanza, Africa. I, F 
5,6 

Kavirondo. (1) A Bantu people 



119 



Kel-n-tunin 



in the NE corner of the Vic- 
toria Nyanza^ Africa. I, F5,6. 
(2) A Nilotic tribe in Uganda; 
= Jaluo. I, F5,6 

Karv. (1) In the Shan States, 
Burma. II, K6. (2) = Kansa. IV, 
L7 

K'a-wa. In SW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Karvaiisu. A Shoshonean tribe of 
California. IV, H7 

Kawchodinne. An Athapascan tribe 
dwelling N of the Great Bear 
Lake, Mackenzie Territory, Can- 
ada. IV, H3 

Kamia. The name of a Shoshonean 
division in S California. IV, H7 

Kayan. In the greater part of cen- 
tral Borneo between the upper 
Rejang and Kahajan rivers. V, 
B3,4 

Kayasth, or Kayastha. In North- 
Western Provinces, India. II, 
HIS 

Kayapo. = Suja. VI, £3,4 

Kayi. A subdivision of the Goklen. 
II, G5 

Kayowe. = Kiowa. IV, L7 

Kaytchili Khitai. A subdivision of 
the Karakalpak. II, H4 

K'a-yu Chong-kia. In central Kui- 
chau, China. II, L5 

Kazak. In the country lying be- 
tween the Irtysh (a tributary of 
the Obi) and the lower Volga, 
S Russia; also called Kirghiz- 
Kazak and Cossack. Ill, JK4 

Kazan. A government and city in 
E Russia. Ill, JK3 

Kazi-Jcumyksh. A subdivision of 
the Lesghians. Ill, J4 

Keawah. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Kebrut. In the Tarai, a region in 
N India. II, 16 

KechL In S California. IV, H7 

Kechua. = Quechua. VI, C4 



Kedah. a Malay state under Brit- 
ish protection. II, L8 

Keechi. In Texas in 1851; now in 
Oklahoma. IV, L7 

Keeling. = Cocos Islands. II, K 
10 

Keetmanshoop. A village in Great 
Namaqualand, Southwest Af- 
rica. I, DS 

Keh-lao. = Kih-\ao. II, L5 

K'eh-mong-ku-yang Miao. In S 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Keh-teo. = H.na Keh-lao. II, L6 

Keh-tong Miao. In S Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Keilambeitch. In the SW part of 
Victoria. V, E7 

Keimanoeitch. A subdivision of 
the Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Keiskamma. a small river in SE 
Cape Colony, South Africa. I, 
E9 

Kek. A subdivision of the Tlin- 
kit. IV, F4 

Kekchi. In Guatemala; possibly 
the same as the Quiche. IV, M 
10 

Kel-ahenet. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 

Kelantan. a state in the E Ma- 
lay Archipelago, under British 
protection. II, LB 

Kel-fadaye. In Asben, an oasis 
country of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kel-fare. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kel-ferman. In Asben, an oasis 
country of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kel-gere. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kelghafsa. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 

Kel-ifi. A subdivision of the Im- 
ghad. I, C3,4 

Kel-n-N eggaru. In Asben, an oasis 
country of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kel-n-tunin. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 



Kel-owi 



120 



Kel-owi. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kel-tafidet. In Asben, an oasis 
country of the Sahara. I, C4 

Kelts. = Celts. Ill, DE3,4 

Kenai. In the interior of Alaska. 
IV, DE3,4 

Kenai Peninsula. In S Alaska. 

IV, D4 

Kenana. A subdivision of the Bag- 

gara. I, EF4 
Kenegoz. A subdivision of the 

Karakalpak. II, H4 
KenesU. = W ailakki. IV, H6 
Kenia. = Kenya. I, FG5,6 
Kenites. An ancient people who 

dwelt near the Amalekites 

(tribe) of Palestine. II, E5 
Xenja. = Kenniah. V, B^ 
Kenneka. A subdivision of the 

Fuegians on both shores of 

Beagle Channel, Tierra del 

Fuego. VI, CDS 
Kenniah. On the upper Baram and 

upper Bulungan rivers, Borneo. 

V, B4 

Kentucky. (1) A state in E cen- 
tral United States. IV, MN7. 
(2) A river 380 miles long in 
Kentucky, flowing from the 
Cumberland plateau to the Ohio 
River. IV, MN7 

ZewM. = Mattokki. I, F3 

Kenya, or Kenyah. A British pos- 
session in E central Africa; 
209,248 sq.mi. I, FG5,6 

Kenyah. = Kenniah. V, B4 

Keo-erh-long-kia. In W Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Keos. An island 12 miles long in 
the Cyclades, Aegean Sea. Ill, 
G5 

Kera. In the NW part of New 
Mexico. IV, JK7 

Kerabialbarap. In NW Victoria. 
V, E7 

Kerbulbura. Former name of the 
Wakelbura. V, E6 



Kerema. a town in the Elema dis- 
trict, British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Kerepunu. Near Port Moresby, 
British New Guinea. V, E4 

Keresan. A linguistic family of 
Pueblo Indians in N central 
New Mexico. IV, K7 

Kerindi. A subdivision of the 
Kurds, II, F5 

Kerinma. E of the Wiimbaio tribe 
in Victoria. V, E7 

Kerketar. A subdivision of the 
Oraon. II, IJ6 

Kerrikerri. = Karekare. I, D4 

Kesh. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, F5 

Ketosh. In Uganda Protectorate, 
E Africa. I, F5 

Kettekeser. A subdivision of the 
Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Ketu. A Yoruba tribe on the Slave 
Coast, W Africa. I, C5 

Kewatsana. A subdivision of the 
Comanche; now extinct. IV, K 
L7 

Keyataigmiut. In the SW part of 
Alaska. IV, C4 

Keyauwee. A small tribe (of the 
Siouan family.'') in central 
North Carolina. IV, N7 

Zez^e. = Key-yu. VI, CDS 

Key-yu. Along the Strait of Ma- 
gellan, South America. VI, CDS 

Kezhama. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Kha. The Lao of the North Siam, 
a "savage" tribe of the moun- 
tainous country. II, KL7 

Khabunke. = Kabunga. I, A4 

Khaeil. In Peshawar, a district in 
the Punjab, India. II, 16 

Kha-hyeng. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Khakar. = Chakar. II, LM4 

KhakMaen. = ClamgY>siw. II, K6 

Khakun. On the headwaters of the 
Irawadi, Burma. II, K6 



121 



Khorvate 



Khalka. In the Gobi area (N part) 
of Mongolia. II, K-M4 

Kham. a province in SE Tibet. 
II, K5,6 

Khamant. N of Lake Tsana, Abys- 
sinia. I, F4 

Khamba. (1) A subdivision of the 
Lepcha. II, J6. (2) In Kash- 
mir, N India. II, 15 

Khambing. In Zungaria, central 
Asia. II, J4 

Khamir. In Lasta district, Abys- 
sinia. I, F4 

Kham-pa. In central Tibet. II, J 6 

Khampti. In N Burma. II, K6 

Khamti. In Assam, India. II, K6 

Khand. = Kandh. II, IJ7 

KhandeMi. A subdivision of the 
Karakalpak. II, H4 

Khantouer. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. I, E9 

Kharabulahh. = Karabulak. Ill, J4 

Kharia. In Chota Nagpur, India. 
II, IJ6 

Kharri. A horse-riding aristoc- 
racy who dominated the Mitan- 
ni, who conquered Mesopotamia 
about the 21st century b.c. II, 
F5 

Khartum, or Khartoum, or Khar- 
TOOM. A town in Anglo-Egyp- 
tian Sudan, near the junction of 
the Blue Nile and the White 
Nile. I, F4 

Kharrvar. In Behar, a province of 
Bengal, India. II, J6,7 

Khas. In Nepal. II, J6 

Khasi. In S Assam, India. II, K6 

Khasia. =}Lh.asi. II, K6 

Khastai. W of the middle Indus, 
India. II, HI 5,6 

Khatozun. In Zungaria, central 
Asia; now extinct. II, J4! 

Khatri. In the Kashmir Valley, 
Punjab, and Rajputana, N In- 
dia. II, 15,6 

Khattak. In SE Peshawar and S 



and E Kohat, districts of the 
Punjab, India. II, 15,6 

Khatti. (l) = Hittites. II, E6,6. 
(2) = Kachi. II, 16 

Khazars. A fragment of the Turk- 
ish nation which advanced into 
E Europe in the 7th century. 
Ill, G4. 

Khechua. = (^Vi&c\ma,, 2. VI, C2— 4 

Kheong. On the Arakan Yoma 
Range, Burma. II, K6 

Kheta. = Khita. II, E5,6 

Khetran Hills. In Panjab, In- 
dia. II, 15,6 

Khevsurians. = Khevsurs. Ill, J4 

Khevsurs. In the central Caucasus. 
Ill, J4 

Khirigriqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. I, E9 

Khita. = Iiittites. II, E5,6 

Khitai. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Khiva. A khanate in Asia, S of 
the Aral Sea. II, GH4 

Khmer. Native name of the Cam- 
bodians. II, L7 

Khmer-dom. On the boundaries of 
Siam and Cambodia. II, L7 

Khmu. In the Shan States, Siam. 
II, KL7 

Kho. (1) Formerly in SW China, 
now in Indo-China. II, L6. (2) 
In Chitral, a state in NW In- 
dia. II, 16 

Khoek. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Khoi-khoi, and Khoi-khoin. The 
native name of the Hottentots. 
I, D8 

Khond. = Kandh. II, IJ7 

Khorasan, (1) A district of NE 
Persia. II, GH5. (2) A district 
of SE Afghanistan. II, H5 

Khorasanli. A subdivision of the 
Sarik. II, H4,5 

Khorinsk. Near Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, L3 

Khorvate. = Khv'wati. Ill, F4 



Khosa 



122 



X/io«a. = Amaxosa. I, E9 

Khoshod. In W Mongolia. II, K 
L4 

Khosti. In Afghanistan. II, H5 

Khostwal. In the Shamil VaUey, 
an upper branch of the Kuram 
(a tributary of the Indus), E 
Afghanistan. II, H5 

Khota. = Kota. II, 17 

Khr'wati. The plural form of 
Khr'watin. Ill, F4 

Khr'watin. The original (Carpa- 
thian) form of the native name 
of the Croats. Ill, F4 

X/i«. = Kha. II, J6 

Khuai. The native name of the 
Bushmen. I, DE8 

Khumi, and Khumia. = K.WDai. II, 
K6 

Khuzistan. a province in W cen- 
tral Persia. II, FG5 

Khwai. = Khnai. I, DE8 

Khyen. = Chin, 1. II, K6,7 

Khyeng. In Arakan, Burma. = 
Khyen, or Chin? II, K6,7 

Khyoungtha. In the Chittagong 
Hills, Burma. II, K6 

Kiamba. S of the lower Congo. I, 
D6 

KiANGSi. A province in SE China. 
II, M6 

KiANGSu. A province in NE Chi- 
na. II, M5 

Kiaway. = Kiowa. IV, L7 

Kiametni. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

KiBiLi. An upper branch of the 
Welle, a tributary of the Ubangi, 
central Africa. I, E5 

Kibo. = Berom. I, C4 

Kibokwe. = Kioko. I, D7 

Kibula. In the W part of Angola. 
I, D7 

Kibyen. = Berom. I, C4 

Kichai. A Caddoan Indian tribe of 
Louisiana and Texas ; = Keechi. 
IV, L7 

Kiche. = Quiche. IV, MlO 



Kichesipirini. Once an important 
Algonquian tribe living on Al- 
lumette Island, in the Ottawa 
River, Quebec. IV, N6 

Kichua. = Quechua. VI, C4 

Kickapoo. A tribe of the central 
Algonquian group, forming a 
division with the Sauk and the 
Foxes; in Wisconsin, Kansas, 
and Missouri. IV, LM6,7 

Kidara. In the SE part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, E4 

Kiddan. A subdivision of the Hai- 
da. IV, FG5 

Kiet. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 
II, F4,5 

Kih-lao. In the central and W 
parts of Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Kikamba. In Uganda Protectorate. 
I, F5 

Kikapu. On the upper Illinois, a 
tributary of the Mississippi; 
= Kickapoo? IV, M6 

Kikasta. On the Yellowstone Riv- 
er, Montana; they are the Crow 
proper. IV, JK6 

Kikiyu. = Akikuyu. I, F6 

Kiko. In New Guinea. V, E4 

Kikuyu. = A]s.ikajn. I, F6 

Kile. W of the lower Amur (long. 
135°E), Siberia. II, 04 

Kilimanjaro, or Kilima Njaro, 
or Kilimandscharo. A moun- 
tain in Tanganyika. I, F6 

Kilindi. In Uganda Protectorate. 
I, F6 

Killamook. On the SW coast of 
British Columbia. IV, GH5 

Kiluti. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 

Kimama. NE of Choga, a lake to 
the N of the Victoria Nyanza, 
Africa. I, F5 

Kimbande. = Quimbande. I, D7 

Kimbunda. On the Kuanza River, 
Angola ; = Quimbundo ? I, D7 

Kimmerians. An ancient people 
who dwelt to the N of the Black 



123 



Kirim 



Sea and the Sea of Azov. Ill, 
H4 

Kimo. Formerly in the interior of 
S Madagascar. I, G8 

KiNABALu, Mount. In N Borneo. 
V, B3 

Xinai. = Kenai. IV, DE3,4 

Kinep. A subdivision of the Kiowa. 
IV, L7 

King George's Sound. In SW 
Western Australia. V, B7 

Kingirankobe. A subdivision of the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Kingnaitmiut. A subdivision of the 
Oqomiut. IV, OP 3,4 

King's River. Flowing into Lake 
Tulare, central California. IV, 
H7 

Kinipetu. On Chesterfield Inlet of 
Hudson Bay, Canada, IV, L3,4 

Kiniyen. On Hervey Bay, SE 
Queensland. V, F6 

Kinjabo. On the Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Kinkla. W of the Sacramento Riv- 
er, California. IV, H7 

Xmo, = Blood Indians. IV, J5,6 

KiNSHA. An upper branch of the 
Yangtze-Kiang, China. II, K5,6 

Kinugumiut. An Eskimo tribe of 
Alaska, inhabiting the region of 
Cape Prince of Wales on the 
Kaviak peninsula. IV, B3 

Kioko. Between the Upper Kwan- 
go and the Kassai (lat. 10°S, 
long. 20 °E), Angola. They are 
clever hunters and daring mer- 
chants. I, DE6,7 

Kioque. = Kioko. I, DE6,7 

Kiowa. In Oklahoma. IV, L7 

Kiowa Apache. A small Athapas- 
can tribe, associated with the 
Kiowa from the earliest tradi- 
tional period and forming a 
component part of the Kiowa 
tribal circle, although preserv- 
ing its distinct language. IV, 
L7 



Kipchak. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Kipsiki. = Lumbwa. I, F6 

Kiraikei. In the E plain of For- 
mosa. II, N6 

Kiranti. In E Nepal. II, J6 

Kirapuno. = Kevepunu. V, E4 

Kirghiz. Originally the name for 
the Kara-Kirghiz or Burnt. But 
when the Cossacks invaded Si- 
beria, they found this tribe and 
applied the name to the tribe 
generally known as Kazak 
(Kirghiz-Kazak), whose lan- 
guage and manners, etc., were 
not distinguished from those of 
the Kirghiz ; hence the term has 
spread as a name for the Kazak 
to the Europeans. For this rea- 
son, the term is at present used 
in two senses: (1) The collec- 
tive name for the Kara-Kirghiz 
and Kazak or Kirghiz-Kazak. 
II, 15; III, JK4. (2) A syno- 
nym of Kazak. II, JK4 

Kirghiz-Kazak. In the country 
lying between the Irtysh (a 
tributary of the Obi) and the 
lower Volga, S Russia. They 
are divided into the Great, Mid- 
dle, and Little Hordes. They 
are sometimes called Kirghiz, 
which name was given them by 
the Cossacks, as their language 
and manners were not distin- 
guished from those of the real 
Kirghiz, generally known as 
Kara-Kirghiz, Black Kirghiz, 
or Burut. Ill, JK4 

Kirghiz Steppe. A region in Asia 
between Russian Turkestan and 
Siberia. II, HI3,4 

Kirialaiset. Native name of the 
Karelians. Ill, G2 

Kiriattil Nayar. A subdivision of 
the Nayar. II, 17,8 

Kirim. On the Sobat, a tributary 
of the White Nile. I, E4,5 



Kirin 



IM 



Kirin. A province and city in 
Manchuria. II, N4 

Kiriri. = Ca.riri. VI, E3,4 

KiRiwiNi. One of the Trobriand 
Islands, Melanesia. V, F4 

Kiriwinians. In Kiriwini, Tro- 
briand Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F4 

Kirpota. A subdivision of the Ora- 
on. II, IJ6 

KisA. A village of the Akamba, 
British East Africa. I', F5 

Kisama. = Kissama. I, D7 

Kisan. In Sirguja and Jashpur of 
Chota Nagpur, Bengal, India. 
II, IJ6 

Kisangji. In the W part of An- 
gola. I, D7 

KiseJcise. Near Freetovrn, the capi- 
tal of Sierra Leone, W Africa. 
I, A5 

Kishtwari. In Kashmir, India. II, 
15 

Kisku. In Baghalpur, a division of 
Bengal, India. II, J6 

Kisoke. In the W part of Angola. 
I, D7 

Kissama. S of the lower Kuanza 
River, Angola. I, D7 

Kissi. In Liberia, W Africa. I, 
AB5 

Kist. A subdivision of the Che- 
chen. Ill, J4 

KisTNA. A river in S India, about 
800 miles long, floveing from 
the W Ghats to the Bay of Ben- 
gal. II, IJ7 

Kitao. On the highland of Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 

Kitchigami. A tribe living in 1669— 
70 about central or SW Wiscon- 
sin; probably absorbed by the 
Kickapoo or the Mascoutens. 
IV, M6 

KitchigumiTvininifvug. A collective 
term for those Chippewa for- 
merly living on or near the 
shores of Lake Superior, in 



Michigan, Wisconsin, and Min- 
nesota. IV, LM6 
Kitejab. A subdivision of the Ja- 

lin. I, F4 
Kitikshian. = Gjit^san. IV, G5 
Kitkada. = Gyitgaata. IV, GH5 
Kitkaet. = Gyitgaata. IV, GH5 
Kitsmaht. A subdivision of the 

Aht. IV, G5 
Kihd. In Uganda Protectorate. 

I, F5 

Kitunaha. = Kootenai. IV, HJ5,6 

Kitunahan Family. A linguistic 

family which includes the single 

Kootenai tribe. IV, HJ5,6 

Kiu-Ku Miao. In SE Kuichau, 

China. II, L6 
Kiu-ming-kiu-sing Miao. In S Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 
KiusHu. A S island in Japan. II, 

05 
Kiutse. In Farther India. II, L6 
Kivu, Lake. North of Lake Tan- 
ganyika, Africa. I, E6 
Kiwai. At the mouth of the Fly 
River, British New Guinea. V, 
E4 
Kiye. N of Lake Chad, Africa. I, 

D4 
Kizh. In S California. IV, H7 
Kizil Bashi. In Asia Minor. II, D 

E4,5 
KiziL Irmak. a river in Asia 
Minor, flowing 520 miles to the 
Black Sea. II, E4,5 
Klaizaht. = Classet. IV, H5,6 
Klallam. = Clallam. IV, H6 
Klallum. = C\a\\avQ.. IV, H6 
Klamath. A Lutuamian tribe in 

SW Oregon. IV, H6 
Klamath. (1) Lakes. In S Ore- 
gon and N California. IV, H6. 
(2) River. In S Oregon and N 
California. IV, H6 
Klamet. = K\amai\i. IV, H6 
Klangklang. In W Upper Burma. 

II, K6 
Klanoh-Klatklam. On the upper 



125 



KoJcar 



Columbia River^ North America. 
IV, H5 

Klemantan. In Dutch Borneo. V, 
B3,4 

Klias. a stream in British North 
Borneo. V, B3 

ZZi/cetef. = Klikitat. IV, H6 

Klikitat. A Shahaptian tribe on 
the Yakama reservation, Wash- 
ington. IV, H6 

Kling. In Pegu, Burma; they 
are called also Talaing, Mon, 
or Peguan. The southerners 
only are called Kling, kl and tl 
not being distinguished in the 
pronunciation. The others are 
called Talaing, Teling, or Te- 
linga. II, K7 

Klinquit. In Washington. IV, H6 

Klondike. (1) A region in NW 
Canada, in the Yukon River 
basin. IV, F3,4. (2) A river in 
the same region, flowing west- 
ward to the Yukon. IV, F3,4 

Klue. A subdivision of the Haida. 
IV, FG5 

Kmihe. Native name for the Seri. 
IV, J 8 

Knaia-Jchotana. An Athapascan 
tribe inhabiting Kenai penin- 
sula, Alaska, and environs. IV, 
D4 

Knight Inlet. In SW British 
Columbia. IV, G5 

Knisteneaux. = Cree. IV, KL4<,5 

Xo. = Kho, 1. II, L6 

Koasati. An upper Creek tribe 
speaking a dialect almost iden- 
tical with the Alibamu, and evi- 
dently nothing more than a 
large division of that people; 
in Alabama. IV, M7,8 

KoBDo. A province in NW Mon- 
golia. II, J4 

Kobe. A seaport in Japan, on 
Osaka Bay. II, 05 

Kobeua. A Beyota tribe in the ter- 
ritory between the Uaupes, Ya- 



pura, and Rio Negro, NW Bra- 
zil. VI, D2,3 

Kocch. = Koch. II, K6 

Koch. In SW Assam, India. II, K6 

Ko-cwien Keh-lao. In Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Kodaga. = Coorg. II, 17 

Koddero. A subdivision of the 
Moru. I, F5 

Koddo. A subdivision of the Moru. 

I, F5 

KoDiAK. An island S of S central 

Alaska. IV, D4 
Kogai. In S Queensland. V, E6 
Koggaba. In the Sierra Nevada 

de Santa Marta, Colombia; a 

subdivision of the Aruac. VI, 

C2 
Kogui. A subdivision of the Kiowa. 

IV, L7 
KoHAT. A district in the Panjab, 

NW India. II, 16 
Kohima. In Assam, India. II, K6 
KoHiSTAN. A district in extreme 

NW India. II, 15 
Kohistani. In the hills near Kabul, 

the capital of Afghanistan. II, 

HIS 
Kohli. In Garhwal, North-West 

Provinces, India. II, 16 
Koi. A subdivision of the Gond. 

II, IJ6 

Koiari. In the SE part of British 

New Guinea. V, E4 
Koibali. The Turkish name for 

the Assan. II, K3 
Koi-koin. = Khoi-kh.oi. I, D8 
Koikopal. A subdivision of the 

Gond. II, IJ6 
Koilabhutal. A subdivision of the 

Gond. II, IJ6 
Koita. In British New Guinea. V, 

E4 
Koitapu. Near the Owen Stanley 

Ranges in SE British New 

Guinea. V, E4 
Kokar. Near Mount Sterling, 

Western Australia. V, B7 



Kokhaqua 

Kokhaqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. I, D8 

Koko. In British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Koko Nor. (1) A lake (nor) 65 
miles long in NE Tibet. II, K5. 
(2) A region in NE Tibet, ex- 
tending southward to Szechuan 
province. II, K5 

Kokopa. Near the mouth of the 
Colorado River, Arizona. IV, 
J7 

Kol, or XoZo. = Kolarians. 11^ IJ 
6,7 

Kola. A peninsula in Russia be- 
tween the White Sea and the 
Arctic Ocean. Ill, H2 

KoLADYNE. A river in N Arakan, 
Burma. II, K6 

KoLAKOTLA. A village of the Sa- 
ora, in Orissa, India. II, J6 

Kolam. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Kolarians. A collective name for 
tribes inhabiting Bengal from 
the Ganges southward to about 
lat. 18°N, and in W India, of 
which the chief ones are Bhil, 
Juang, Kharia, Munda, San- 
thal, and Savara. II, IJ6,7 

Koldaji. In the central part of 
Kordofan, Anglo-Egyptian Su- 
dan. I, EF4 

Koligon. = Colac. V, E7 

KoLiMA. = Kolyma. II, P-R2 

Kolita. In Assam, India. II, K6 

Koljusch. = Kolosh. IV, F4 

Kollagua. = CoUagua. VI, CD4! 

KoLMAKOF. A village in SW Alas- 
ka. IV, C4 

K'o-lo. = Lo-lo. II, L6 
Koloma. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 
Kolore. In W Victoria. V, E7 
Kolosh. The Aleut name for the 

Tlinkit. IV, F4 
Koluschan Family. A linguistic 



126 

family embracing the Tlinkit. 
IV, F4 

Kolush. = Kolosh. IV, F4 

Kolya. A subdivision of the Naga. 
li, K6 

Kolyma. A river in E Siberia, 
flowing from the Stanovoi Moun- 
tains 1,100 miles to the Arctic 
Ocean. II, P-R2 

KoLYMSK. A village in extreme 
NE Siberia. II, Q2 

Komacho. On the W coast of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Komanians. = Cumanians. Ill, FG4 

Komar. On the Sobat, a tributary 
of the White Nile. I, E4,5 

Komati. In S India. II, 17 

Kombaingheri. N of the Macleay 
River in the NE part of New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Komhangkohe. A subdivision of 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Komhmegherry . On the Bellinger 
River in the E part of New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Kombobura. On the SE coast of 
Queensland. V, F6 

Komux. On the E coast of Van- 
couver Island, British Columbia. 

IV, G5 

Konde. = Makonde. I, F6,7 

Kondh. = Kandh. II, IJ7 

Kondo. In Liberia, W Africa. I, 

AB5 
Konga. In Coimbatore, a district 

of Madras, India. II, 17 
Kongait. N and S of Cadell's 

Range, New South Wales. V, 

E7 
Konghini. A subdivision of the 

Yukaghir; now extinct. II, O- 

P2 
Kongroitshi. = Assan. II, K3 
Kongulu. W of the Mackenzie, a 

tributary of the Fitzroy, E 

Queensland ; probably extinct. 

V, EF6 



127 



Kos 



KoNiA. A district in Asia Minor. 
II, E5 

Koniaga. In Kodiak Island, Alas- 
ka. IV, D4 

Konkani. In Bombay presidency, 
India. II, 16,7 

Konkau. On the left bank o£ the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Konkubura. On the coast N of the 
lower Fitzroy River, E Queens- 
land. V, EF6 

Kono. In the central part of Sier- 
ra Leone, W Africa. I, A5 

Konono. A servile people scattered 
among the Masai in Kenya, E 
Africa. I, FG5,6 

Kontalyni. A subdivision of the 
Kiowa. IV, L7 

Kontu. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Konza. = Kansa. IV, L7 

KoocH. A village in the Malabar 
district, India. II, 17 

Koogobatha. N of the Mitchell 
River, N Queensland. V, E5 

Koopman. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. I, E9 

Kooranko. On the headwaters of 
the Niger, W Africa. I, B4j 

KOORG. = COORG. II, 17 

Kootani. = Kootenai. IV, HJ5,6 

Kootenai. In the region of the up- 
per Columbia in S British Co- 
lumbia, and NW Montana. IV, 
HJ5,6 

KooTENAY. (1) A river in British 
Columbia, Montana, and Idaho, 
flowing into the Columbia Riv- 
er. IV, HJ5,6. (2) A long, nar- 
row lake in SE British Colum- 
bia, drained by the Kootenay 
River. IV, H5 

Kopagmiut. In NW Alaska. IV, 
C3 

Kopoela. SE of Port Moresby, 
British New Guinea. V, F5 

Xora. = Koranna. I, E8 



Koragar. In S India. II, 17 

Koram. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Korama. In Mysore, India. II, 17 

Xorana. = Koranna. I, E8 

KoRANGAMiTE. A lakc in W Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Koranna. S of the Vaal, a tribu- 
tary of the Orange, and in Kor- 
anna Land (South Bechuana- 
land). South Africa. I, E8 

Koraqua. = Koranna. I, ES 

Korara. In S India. II, 17 

KoRDOFAN. A province in central 
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. I, EF4 

Korea. The former name of Cho- 
sen. II, N4,5 

Koreans. The natives of Chosen. 
II, N4,5 

ZonaA;. = Koryak. II, Q-S2,3 

Korinchi. In SW Sumatra (lat. 
2°S). V, A4 

Korku. In central India. II, 16 

Koroa. A small tribe, perhaps re- 
lated to the Tonika, in Louisi- 
ana. IV, L7,8 

Koroche. = Korotch. V, E7 

Koropokguru. A people claimed 
by the Ainu to have been ex- 
terminated by them in Japan. 
II, OP4,5 

Korotch. In W Victoria. V, E7 

Korunga. In Wadai, Africa. I, D 
E4 

Korusi. In the N part of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H6 

Korwa. In Chota Nagpur, Bengal, 
India. II, IJ6 

Koryak. Between the Anadyr Riv- 
er and the central part of the 
Kamchatka Peninsula (except 
the coast between the Gulf of 
Anadyr and Cape Oliutorski), 
Siberia. II, Q-S2,3 

Kos. An island in the Mediter- 
ranean Sea, 65 miles NW of 
Rhodes; also spelled Cos. Ill, 
G5 



Koshito 



128 



Koshito. = Koropokguru. II, OP4,5 

Ko-siamb. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Koskimo. An important Kwakiutl 
tribe inhabiting the shores of 
Quatsino Sound, Vancouver Is- 
land. IV, G5 

Kossa. The Sherbro name for the 
Mende. I, A5 

Kossovo. A district in Jugo-slavia. 
Ill, G4 

Kossu. = Kossa. I, A5 

Kota. In the Nilgiri Hills, S In- 
dia. II, 17 

Kotar. = Kota. II, 17 

KoTi. A river in Sarawak, Borneo. 
V, B3 

Koti Ukit. A subdivision of the 
Ukit. V, B4 

Kotsai. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche; now extinct. IV, KL7 

Kotsoteka. A subdivision of the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Kotte. On the upper Yenisei (lat. 
56°N). II, K3 

Kottofo. In the central part of 
Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 

Kouksoarmiut. On the Big River 
in the N part of Labrador. IV, 
P4 

Koulango. NE of Ivory Coast, W 
Africa. I, B4 

Koumandinze. = Teleut. II, J3 

Koupui. In SE Assam, India. II, 
K6 

Kouyou. In French Equatorial Af- 
rica. I, D6 

Kovai. On McClure Gulf, Dutch 
New Guinea. V, D4 

KovNo. A district and capital city 
of Lithuania. Ill, G3 

Kowitchan. In the SE part of 
Vancouver Island, British Co- 
lumbia. IV, GH5 

KoTvrarega. In Prince of Wales 
Island in Torres Strait. V, E5 

Kowwasaye. In Washington. IV, 
H6 



Koya, or Koyi. = 'K.o\. II, IJ6 
KoYUKUK. A tributary of the W 

Yukon, Alaska. IV, CD3 
Koyukukhotana. A subdivision of 

the N Athapascan. IV, CD3 
Kpelle. In Liberia, W Africa. I, 

B5 
Kpwesi. A Mandingo people in 

Liberia, W Africa. I, AB5 
Kra. = Kru. I, B5 
Kra, Isthmus of. In Siam, Malay 

Peninsula. II, K8 
Krebu. In the SE part of Liberia, 

W Africa. I, B5 
Kredy. In the Bahr-el-Ghazal dis- 
trict of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. 

I, E5 
Kree. = Cree. IV, KL4,5 
XreeA;. = Creek. IV, MN7,8 
Krej. On the headwaters of the 

Bahr-el-Arab, an upper branch 

of the Nile. I, E6 
Krepi. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 
Kri. = Cree. IV, KL4,5 
Krikor. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 
Kroki. In Gambia, W Africa. I, 

A4 
Kromelak. In NW Victoria. V, E7 
Zroo. = Kru. I, B5 
Krooboy. = lLxu. I, B5 
Kroumir. In the N part of Tunis. 

I, CD2 
Krowithan-Kulo. In E Victoria. 

V, E7 
Kru. On the SE coast of Liberia, 

W Africa. I, B5 
Kruboy. = Kru. I, B5 
Krumen. = Kru. I, B6 
Kshtut. In W Turkestan. II, H4 
KuANZA. A river in W central 

Angola. I, D6,7 
Kuap. A subdivision of the Land 

Dyak. V, B3,4 
Kubachi. A subdivision of the Les- 

ghians. Ill, J4 



129 



Kumande 



Kuban. A government in S Rus- 
sia. Ill, J4 

KuBANGA. A river in SW Africa, 
flowing from Angola 1,000 miles 
to marsh country in N Bechu- 
analand. I, DE7 

Kubu. In S Sumatra. V, A4 

Zac/im. = Kutchin. IV, EF3 

Kuda. Near Lake Baikal, Siberia. 
II, L3 

Kudara. Near Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, L3 

Kudinski. A subdivision of the 
Yukaghir; now extinct. II, 0P2 

KuENLUN. A series of mountain 
ranges in N Tibet. II, J 5 

Kueva. = Cueha. IV, NlO 

Kuhgelu. In W Persia. II, F5 

Km. ( 1 ) In the Shan States, Bur- 
ma. II, K6. (2) = Kuy. II, L7. 
(3) = Kandh. II, IJ7 

KuicHAu. A province in SW Chi- 
na proper. II, L6 

KuiLu. = KwiLU. I, D6 

Kuinmurbura. In the peninsula 
lying between Broad Sound and 
Shoalwater Bay, E Queensland. 
V, EF6 

Kuito. On the Siletz reservation, 
Oregon. IV, H6 

Kujrar. A subdivision of the Ora- 
on. II, IJ6 

Kuka. E of Lake Chad, Africa. I, 
D4 

Kukata. S of the Stuart Ranges, 
South Australia. V, D7 

Kukebura. On the E coast of 
Queensland (about lat. 22°-23° 
S). V, EF6 

Kuki. In W Upper Burma and E 
Assam, India. II, K6 

Kuki-Lushai. In W Upper Burma ; 
"lushai" means "head-cutters." 
II, K6 

Kuko. A subdivision of the Bari. 
I, F5 

KMku. = Kuko. I, F5 

KuKu Nor. = KoKo Nor. II, K6 



Kukuruku. = Ikpere. I, C5 

Kula Kai Porno. On the W coast 
of California. IV, H7 

Kulan. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Kulanapan Family. A linguistic 
family comprising a group of 
tribes generally known as Pomo ; 
on the Russian River and the 
adjacent coast, California. IV, 
H6 

Kulbainbura. On the Mary River, 
SE Queensland. V, F6 

KuLDJA. The capital of Hi, Chi- 
nese Turkestan. II, 14 

Kulfan. In the central part of 
Kordofan, Anglo-Egyptian Su- 
dan. I, EF4 

Kuliahi. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Kulin. One of the three original 
groups of inhabitants of Ben- 
gal before the invasion by the 
Mohammedans in 1203. II, J 6 

Ku-lin Miao. In SW Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Kulkalaig. On Mount Ernest, 
Warrior Island, York Islands, 
and the neighboring islets in 
Torres Strait. V, E5 

Kulkalega. On Mount Ernest and 
the Three Sisters, islands in 
Torres Strait. V, E5 

Kulmeh. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Kulomum. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

KuLU. A fertile valley E of the 
Panjab, N India. II, 16 

Kulu-Lahuli. In W Nepal. II, J 6 

KuMA. A river in NE Caucasus. 
Ill, J4 

Kumalo. A subdivision of the Ma- 
tabele. I, EF7 

Kumande. On the headwaters of 



Kumhra 



130 



the Obi River (about lat. 52° 
N). II, J3 

Kumhra. In SE Bagirmi, N French 
Equatorial Africa. I, D4 

Kumbukabura. In the country 
westward of the Belyando Riv- 
er, E Queensland. V, E6 

Kumi. On the Koladyne River, N 
Arakan, Burma. II, K6 

Xwmnz. = Kurmi. II, IJ6 

Kumuk. S of the lower Terek Riv- 
er, NE Caucasus. III3 J4> 

Kumum. In Uganda, I, F5 

Kunama. = Base. I, FG4 

KuNAR. A tributary of the Kabul, 
a branch of the Indus, India. 
II, 15 

Kunbi. = Kurmi. II, IJ6 

KuNENE. A river in S Angola. I, 
D7 

Kungrad. A subdivision of the 
Usbeg. II, H4,5 

X^m. = Koiari. V, E4 

Kunjara. In Darfur and Kordo- 
fan, Africa. I, E4 

Kun-Kaak. Native name for the 
Seri. IV, J8 

Kun-Loi. In the Shan States, Bur- 
ma. II, K6 

Kunnuvan. In S India. II, 17 

Kuoy. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Kupa. W of the lower Niger, W 
Africa. I, C5 

Kupele. Near the Owen Stanley 
Ranges in the SE part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, E4 

Kur. = Kurkn. II, 16 

KuRAM. A tributary of the Indus, 
N India. II, 15 

Kuranko. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, A5 

Kurdistan. A region in W Asia, 
in Turkey and Persia. II, EF5 

Kurds. In Kurdistan, a region of 
vague boundaries in Turkey and 
Persia. II, EF5 



Kuri. On islands in Lake Chad, 
Africa. I, D4 

KuRiLE Islands, or Kuriles. 
Thirty-one N islands of Japan. 
II, PQ3,4 

Kurini. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J4 

Kurku. S of the middle Narbada 
River, W India. II, I6 

Kurmi. (1) Chiefly in the Central 
Provinces, Guj arat. North- West 
Provinces, and Bengal of India. 
II, IJ6. (2) A caste in Behar, 
NE India. II, J6 

Kurm-me-lak. = K.rouielah. V, E7 

Kurnai. In Gippsland, Victoria. 
V, E7 

Kurnandaburi. E of the Barcoo 
River, S W Queensland ; now ex- 
tinct. V, E6 

Kurnu. In New South Wales. V, 
E7 

Kurorofa. = Juk.n. I, CD5 

Kursk. Government and city in 
S central Russia. Ill, H3 

Kuruba. In Mysore, India; see 
also Kurumba. II, 17 

Kurukh. The native name of the 
Oraon, of Chota Nagpur, India. 
II, IJ6 

Kurumba. On the lower slopes of 
the Nilgiri Hills, S India; said 
to have been originally identical 
with the Kuruba, the Kurumba 
living in the mountains, and the 
Kuruba in the plains; but on 
the other hand, some authori- 
ties assert that there is no con- 
nection between them. II, 17 

Kurung-jang-baluk. On the Wer- 
ribee River, S Victoria. V, E7 

Kurup Nayar. A subdivision of 
the Nayar. II, 17,8 

Kusan Family. A small linguistic 
stock in Oregon. IV, H6 

KusH. = CusH. I, F3 

KusHAi. A village in the Caroline 
Islands, Micronesia. V, F3 



131 

Kuskokrvamut. = Kuskwogmiut, IV, 
C4 

KusKOKwiM. A river and bay in 
SW Alaska. IV, CD4 

Kuskwogmiut. An Eskimo tribe 
inhabiting the shores of Kusko- 
kwim Bay and the banks of 
Kuskokwim River and its tribu- 
taries as far as Kolmakof, Alas- 
ka. IV, C4 

Kussa. In Sierra Leone, W Africa. 

I, A5 

Kustenau. On the upper Xingu, 

Brazil. VI, E3,4 
KusTENLAND. The district around 

Trieste, NE Italy. Ill, F4. 
Kusunda. In N Nepal. II, J6 
Xttiam. = Kootenai. IV, HJ5,6 

KUTCH. = CUTCH. II, HI6 
Kutcha Kutchm, or Kutchakutchin. 
A Kutchin tribe in Alaska, in- 
habiting both banks of the Yu- 
kon from Birch Creek to Por- 
cupine River, including the Fort 
Yukon district. IV, E3 
Kutchin. Between the Yukon 
(Alaska) and the Mackenzie 
(Canada). IV, EF3 
KuTEi. A river in Borneo. V, B3,4 
Kutenai. = Kootenai. IV, HJ5,6 
Ku-tse. In W Szechuan, China. 

II, L5 

K'u-ts'ong. In S Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Ku-tsong-tsi. In NW Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Kutuhura. In the peninsula lying 
between Broad Sound and 
Shoalwater Bay, and N of the 
Kuinmurbura tribe, E Queens- 
land. V, EF6 

Kuurn-koppan-noot. In SW Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Xm^. = Khmer-dom. II, L7 

Kuyani. S of Lake Eyre, South 
Australia. V, D6 

Xt>a«e. = Kvene. Ill, G2 

Kvene. A subdivision of the Finns 



Kworaf, 

in N Sweden and Finland. Ill, 
G2 

i^wa. = Qua. I, C5 

Kwafi. E of the Victoria Nyanza, 
Africa. I, F6 

Kwahari. A subdivision of the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Kwain. = Quain. Ill, G2 

Kwakiootl. = KMvak.m\\. IV, G5 

Kwakiutl. On Rivers Inlet, Brit- 
ish Columbia. IV, G5 

Kwakwa. = Jacks. I, B5 

Kwalhioqua. A subdivision of the 
Athapascan. IV, HJ4 

KwANDo. A river in SE Angola. 

I, E7 
Kwangchow-Wan. a (French) 

leased territory on the S coast 
of Kwangtung, China; it is at- 
tached to French Indo-China. 

II, M6 

KwANGSi. A province in S China. 
II, LM6 

Kwangtung. A province in SE 
China. II, M6 

KwANiA. A lake N of the Victoria 
Nyanza, Africa. I, F5 

Kwantlen. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Kwao. On the Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Kwapa. = Quapaw. IV, L7 

Kwashilla. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

KWATHLAMBA. =DrAKENSBURG. I, 

EF8,9 
Kwati. A subdivision of the Shil- 

look. I, F4,5 
Kwatoa. On the left bank of the 

Sacramento River, California. 

IV, H7 
Kweymee. = Kumi. II, K6 
KwiLu. (1) An affluent of the 

Kassai in Angola and Belgian 

Congo. I, D6. (2) A river in 

Gabun, W Africa. I, D6 
Kworafi. In NE New Guinea. V, 

E4 



Kworatem 



132 



Ktvoratem. = Qnoratem. IV, H6 
Kyan. = Kayan. V, B3,4 
Kyen. = Chin, 1. II, K6,7 
Kyffhauser. a mountain in N 

Saxony, Germany. Ill, F3 
Kymry. = Cymrj. Ill, D3 



Kyoquaht. A subdivision of the 

Aht. IV, G5 
Kyptshah. = lLi'^ch.a\L. II, H4<,5 
Kyryk. A subdivision of the Gok- 

len. II, G5 
Kytch. On the upper Nile. I, F5 



J^abore. On the upper Bahr-el- 
Jebel, the upper part of the 
Nile. I, F5 

Labrador. A peninsula in E Can- 
ada; 232,400 sq.mi. IV, PQ4,5 

Lacandone. In N Guatemala. IV, 
M9 

Lachlan. a tributary of the Mur- 
ray, New South Wales. V, E7 

Laconia, or Laconica. An an- 
cient country in S Morea, 
Greece. Ill, G5 

Lactan. A subdivision of the Man- 
guiane. V, C2 

Ladak. a province of Kashmir, 
India. II, 1 5 

Ladakhi. Natives of Ladak. II, I5 

Ladoga. A lake between Russia 
and Finland, the largest in Eu- 
rope. Ill, H2 

Ladouma. = Landuman. I, A4! 

Ladrones. = Mariana Islands. V, 
El,2 

Lagos. (1) A former native king- 
dom on the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5. (2) The capital of 
Nigeria. I, C5 

Laguna. a province in central Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Laguna. A Keresan tribe in New 
Mexico. IV, K7 

Lahore. A city in Punjab, NW 
India. II, 1 5 

Lahoul. a mountainous region E 
of the Punjab, India. II, 15,6 

Lahu. Native name of the Musur. 
II, L6 

Lai. Native name for the S Chin. 
II, K6,7 



Lail-buil. In NW Victoria. V, E7 

LaA;. = Kazi-kumyksh. Ill, J4 

Lakemba. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Lakher. In Arakan, Burma. II, K7 

Lakmiut. A Kalapooian tribe in 
Oregon. IV, H6 

Lakota. = Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Lakrar. A subdivision of the Ora- 
on. II, IJ5,6 

Laks. In Farsistan, Irak-Ajemi, 
and Mazanderan, provinces of 
Persia. II, G5,6 

Lal-lal. In central Victoria. V, E7 

La-lu. In W Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Lama. On the Russian River, W 
California. IV, H7 

Lamano. About Truxillo, the capi- 
tal of the department of Liber- 
tad, NW Peru. VI, C3 

La-mao. In NW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Lamas. = Lamista. VI, C3 

Lambadi. In Mysore, India. II, 17 

Lambayeque. a province in NW 
Peru. VI, C3 

Lamistas. On the Huallaga River, 
an upper branch of the Amazon, 
in Peru. VI, C3 

Lampong. In the S part of Su- 
matra. V, A4 

Lamur. Native name of the Gal- 
gai. Ill, J4 

Lamut. The maritime Tunguses 
along the shores of the Sea of 
Okhotsk, E Siberia. II, 0-Q3 

Lanan. On the Rejang River, 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 



133 

Land Dyak. In the SW corner of 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3,4! 

Landoro. S of Freetown, the capi- 
tal of Sierra Leone, W Africa. 
I, A5 

Landuman. On the Rio Nunez, 
French Guinea, W Africa. I, 
A4. 

Lango. N of Lake Choga, E of the 
Albert Nyanza, central Africa. 
I, F5 

Lang-ts'i Miao. In SW Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Langu. E of the upper Nile (about 
lat. 4°N). I, F5 

Languassi. Between the Ubangi 
and the Grinbingi (one of the 
principal branches of the Sha- 
ri), central Africa. I, D5 

Lanten. In the Shan States, Bur- 
ma. II, K6 

Lanun. In British North Borneo. 
V, B3 

Lao. In the Laos States, N Siam. 
According to some authors, they 
are different only in name from 
the Shans in the Shan States of 
Burma and N Siam. II, KL7 

Laosians. = lua,o. II, KL7 

Laos States. States in central 
Indo-China, part subject to 
Siam, and part under French 
protection. II, KL7 

Laotians. = 1^3,0. II, KL7 

La Paz. Department and one of 
the capital cities of Bolivia. VI, 
D4 

Lapland. A region in N Sweden, 
Norway, and Finland. Ill, F— 
H2 

Lappmark. The frontiers of Lap- 
land. Ill, F-H2 

Lapps. In Lapland. The Lapps 
and Finns are said to have been 
of one origin, their proper 
names being the same. Ill, F— 
H2 



Laymon 

Lara. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Larafcia. = Larrakia. V, D5 

Larka. In Chota Nagpur, Bengal, 
India. II, IJ6 

Larka-Kol. = Larka. II, IJ6 

Larrakia. Near Port Darwin, 
North Australia. V, D5 

Lasi. In Transcaucasia. II, F4 

Lassie. In the N part of Califor- 
nia. IV, H6 

Lasta. a district in N central 
Abyssinia. I, F4 

La-su. In the central part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Latan. A subdivision of the Man- 
guiane (Mindoro). V, C2 

Lataung. On the upper Irawadi 
River, Burma. II, K6 

Late, or Lati. A subdivision of the 
Moi. II, L7 

Latium. An ancient country in 
Italy, SE from Rome. Ill, F4. 

Latooka. = Latuka. I, F5 

Latuka. E of the upper Bahr-el- 
Jebel (about lat. 5°N), the up- 
per part of the Nile. I, F5 

Latvia. A country in NE Europe 
between Russia and the Baltic 
Sea; 24,440 sq.mi. Ill, G3 

Lau. A subdivision of the Fijians. 
V, H5 

Laube. A subdivision of the Fulah. 
I, B-E4,5 

Lau Maloh. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

La Union. A province in NW Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Lau-pang-dun. A subdivision of 
the Lao. II, KL7 

Lau-pang-kah. A subdivision of 
the Lao. II, KL7 

Lama. In SW Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Lawangan. In Borneo. V, B4 

Laymon. In the central part of 
Lower California, Mexico. IV, 
J8 



Lazi 



134 



Lazi. In Lazistan, a N district of 
Asia Minor. 11^ F4 

Lazistan. a district on the SE 
shore of the Black Sea. II, F4 

Lebanon. A mountain range in 
W Syria. II, E6 

Lebedin. In central Siberia. II, 
KL2,3 

Lechgum. In the W Caucasus. Ill, 
J4 

Leco. On the Beni, a tributary of 
the Madeira, Bolivia.' VI, D4 

Leeds. A city in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land. Ill, D3 

Leehurah. In W Victoria. V, E7 

Lee-saw. = L.i-so. II, L6 

Leeward Islands. A name ap- 
plied to various West Indian 
groups, as follows: (1) Porto 
Rico and the islands to the W. 
IV, 09. (2) Islands off the N 
coast of South America, W from, 
but not including, Trinidad and 
Tobago. VI, Dl. (3) The Vir- 
gin Islands to, and including, 
Martinique. IV, 01 (inset). 
(4) The British islands which 
are a part of 3. IV, OlO (inset) 

Ze^a. = Balega. I, F5 

Lehsi. W of the middle Bahr-el- 
Jebel, the upper part of the 
Nile, and E of the Bongo and 
Mittu tribes. I, F5 

Le^«*^. = Lehsi. I, F5 

Leichhardt. a river in N Queens- 
land. V, E5 

Lei-su. = L,i-so. II, L6 

Leitchi-leitchi. On the left bank of 
the middle Murray River (about 
long. 143°E), Victoria. V, E7 

Lek. = Laks. II, G5,6 

Lekki. a former native kingdom 
on the Slave Coast, W Africa. 
I, C5 

Lekwiltok. A large Kwakiutl tribe 
living between Knight and Bute 
inlets, British Columbia. IV, G5 



Lelak. In Sarawak, British NW 

Borneo. V, B3 
Lemanak. A subdivision of the Sea 

Dyak. V, B3 
Lemet. In the Laos States, N 

Siam. II, KL7 
Lemnos. a Greek island in the N 

Aegean Sea. Ill, G5 
Lena. A river in Siberia, flowing 

from the Baikal Mountains 2,- 

860 miles to the Arctic Ocean. 

II, L-Nl-3 
Lenape. The native name of the 

Indians of the Delaware con- 
federacy. IV, 06,7 
Lenca. In central Honduras and 

on the E coast of Nicaragua. IV, 

MNIO 
Lendu. On the Ituri, a tributary 

of the Congo. I, E6 
Leng-ky Miao. In N Yunnan, 

China. II, L6 
Lengua. In Paraguay. VI, E5 
Leningrad. Formerly Petrograd 

or St. Petersburg. A city in 

NW Russia. Ill, H3 
Lenni-Lenape. = L,enape. IV, 06,7 
Leon. Former kingdom (now a 

province) of NW Spain, III, 

D4 
Lepan. In Texas. IV, L7,8 
Lepcha. In Sikkim, N India. II, 

J6 
Lepei. On the upper Irawadi, Bur- 
ma. II, K6 
Leppu Abong. A subdivision of 

the Kenniah. V, B4 
Leppu Aga. A subdivision of the 

Madang. V, B3 
Leppu Anan. A subdivision of the 

Kenniah. V, B4 
Leppu Laang. A subdivision of 

the Kenniah. V, B4 
Leppu Lenau. A subdivision of 

the Kenniah. V, B4 
Leppu Lutong. A subdivision of 

the Kenniah. V, B4 



135 

Leppu Maut. A subdivision of the 

Madang. V, B3 
Leppu Payah. A subdivision of the 

Madang. V^ B3 
Leppu Pohun. A subdivision of the 

Kenniah. V^ B4 
Leppu Potong. A subdivision of 

the Kalabit. V, B3 
Leppu Tau. A subdivision of the 

Kenniah. V, B4 
Leppu Teppu. A subdivision of 

the Kenniah. V, B4 
Leppu Yengan. A subdivision of 

the Kenniah. V, B4 
Leria. A subdivision of the Bari. 

I, F5 

Lesbos. An island in the Aegean 
Sea. Ill, G5 

Lesghians. In Daghestan, E Cau- 
casus. Ill, J4 

Letinese. On Letti Island, NE of 
Timor, Dutch East Indies. V, 
C4 

Letti Island. One of the Dutch 
East Indies, NE of Timor. V, 
C4 

Letts. Natives of Latvia. Ill, G3 

Leukas. One of the Ionian Is- 
lands, Greece. Ill, G5 

Levant. The name of the E shores 
of the Mediterranean Sea, from 
W Greece to W Egypt. II, DE5 

Leyte. An island in the Philip- 
pines, SW of Samar. V, C2 

Lhasa. A Buddhist sacred city, 
the capital of Tibet ; also spelled 
Lassa. II, K5,6 

LAoosoi. = Lushai. II, K6 

Lhopa. In Bhutan. II, JK6 

Lhota. A subdivision of the Naga. 

II, K6 

Li. In the island of Hainan, S 
China. II, LM7 

LiAo. A river in Manchuria, flow- 
ing into the Gulf of Liaotung at 
Yingkovr. II, N4 

Liao. In the SE part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 



Ligurians 

Liaotung. A peninsula in S Man- 
churia. II, N4 

Liapides. A subdivision of the Al- 
banians. Ill, FG4 

Liar. In the Malay Peninsula. II, 
KL8 

Lihhun Kalabit. A subdivision of 
the Kalabit. V, B3 

Liberia. A Negro republic in W 
Africa, between Sierra Leone 
and the Ivory Coast; 40,000 sq. 
mi. I, AB5 

Libert AD. A province in NW 
Peru. VI, C3 

LiBiGANUM. A river in Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Libinsa. Along the upper Congo, 
in central Africa. I, E6 

Libollo. S of the Kuanza River, 
Angola. I, D7 

Liboyan. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Libya. The name given to Africa 
by the ancient Greeks ; also a 
region in N Africa. I, DE2,3 

Libyan Desert. Part of the Sa- 
hara Desert W of Egypt. I, E 
3,4 

Libyans. The generic name ap- 
plied by the Greeks and Ro- 
mans to the ancestors of the 
present various people included 
under the term of Berber. I, 
B-D2,3 

Lican-anti. A group of people of 
low culture in the arid portions 
of Atacama, Chile ; = Atacameno. 
VI, CD5 

Lief. A subdivision of the Finns. 
Ill, G2 

Lien Miao. In NW Kwangtung, 
China. II, M6 

Li-fan. In NW Szechuan, China. 
II, L6 

LiFU. One of the Loyalty Islands, 
Melanesia. V, G6 

Ligures. = Ligurians. Ill, E4 

Ligurians. An ancient people who 



Lih-so 



136 



lived on the coast of NW Italy 
and in SE France. Ill, E4 

Lih-so. = I^i-so. II, L6 

Likatuit. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Li-KiANG. A plain in N Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Likunungu. In the lower Congo 
region. I, D6 

Likwiltoh. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Lillihudi. On Milne Bay, British 
Nevf Guinea. V, E4 

Lillooet. One of the four principal 
Salish tribes in the interior of 
British Columbia. IV, HJ5 

Lima. The capital of Peru. VI, 04 

Limba. Near Freetown, the capi- 
tal of Sierra Leone, W Africa. 
I, A5 

Limbakaraja. Near Port Essing- 
ton. North Australia. V, D5 

LiMBANG. A river in Brunei, N 
Borneo. V, B3 

Limbu. A Mongoloid people in E 
Nepal and Sikkim. II, J6 

Li-mi. In NW Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Li-ming-tai. In central Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Limpopo. A river about 1,000 
miles long, flowing from Wit- 
watersrand to the Indian Ocean 
• in S Portuguese East Africa; it 
forms the N boundary of Trans- 
vaal. I, EF8 

Lingayat. In S India. II, 17 

Lm^-je«. = Ling-kia Miao. II, L6 

Ling-kia Miao. In S Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Lingote. = Ilongote. V, C2 

Lipan. An Apache tribe in New 
Mexico, Texas, and Mexico. IV, 
K7,8 

Lipe. = Atacameno. VI, CD5 

Lirong. A subdivision of the Sibop. 
V, C3 



Lisaw. In Burma, on the central 
Irawadi. II, K6,7 

Li-s}iarv. = lA-so. II, L6 

Li-so. In W Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

LmM. = Li-so. II, L6 

Li-*M. = Li-so. II, L6 

Li-tcheh. = I^i-so. II, L6 

Litchy-litchy . On the middle Mur- 
ray River, Victoria. V, E7 

Lithuania. A country to the NE 
of Poland; 31,700 sq.mi. Ill, 
G3 

Lithuanians. Natives of Lithuania, 
III, G3 

Little Andaman. The southern- 
most of the Andaman Islands, 
in the Bay of Bengal. II, K7 

Little Horde. A subdivision of the 
Kirghiz-Kazak, living NE of 
Lake Aral, Asia. II, H4 

Little Russia. A division of SW 
Russia. Ill, G-J8,4 

Little Russians. In SW Russia; 
the Ruthenians are included 
among them. Ill, G— J3,4 

Little Tibet. = Baltistan. II, 15 

LiuKiu Islands. = Riu-kiu Is- 
lands. V, N05,6 

Liv. = UeL III, G2 

Liverpool Plains. A pastoral dis- 
trict in New South Wales. V, 
E7 

LiVLAND. = Livonia. Ill, G3 

Livonia. A district in Latvia. Ill, 
G3 

Livonians. A subdivision of the 
Finns. Ill, G3 

Liwaito. In N California. IV, H6 

Liyang. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Liyue. In Lower California, Mexi- 
co. IV, J 8 

Lkungen. = Songish. IV, GH5,6 

Llagua. Near the mouth of the 
Napo, an upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Llameo. On the Marafion, the up- 



137 

per part of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Llanero. Formerly in W Texas. 
IV, K7,8 

JLZipe. = Ataeameno. VI, CD5 

LZij^i. = Atacameno. VI, CDS 

Lliquino. On the headwaters of 
the Curaray, a tributary of the 
Napo, Ecuador. VI, C3 

Loango. On the lower Kwilu Riv- 
er, French Equatorial Africa. I, 
D6 

Loango Coast. The coast region 
of French Equatorial Africa. I, 
D6 

Loano. W of Lake Bangweolo, Af- 
rica. I, E7 

Lobemba. Near Lake Moero, Af- 
rica. I, E6 

Lobi. N of Gold and Ivory coasts, 
W Africa. I, B4 

Lob Nor. A lake in Sikiang, cen- 
tral Asia. II, J6 

Locrians. An ancient Italian peo- 
ple. Ill, F4 

LoDDON. A tributary of the Mur- 
ray, Victoria. V, E7 

Loena. The Ganguella living near 
the Kuanza, Angola. I, D7 

Loggo. On the headwaters of the 
Kibili, an upper branch of the 
Welle River (a tributary of the 
Ubangi), central Africa. I, ES 

LoGONE. A tributary of the Shari, 
SE of Lake Chad, Africa. I, 

Logone. SE of Lake Chad, Africa. 
I, D4 

Lo-han Miao. In SE Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Lohar. In North- West Provinces, 
India. II, HIS 

Lohavohitra. In SE Madagascar. 
I, G8 

Lo^ei. = Lahu. II, L6 

Loikob. Native name of the Masai. 
I, FGS,6 

Loire River. The largest river in 



Long Pata 

France, flowing 543 miles to the 
Bay of Biscay. Ill, DE4 

Lokko. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, As 

Lokono. Native name of the Ara- 
wak. VI, DE2 

LoA;n. = Locrians. Ill, F4 

LoLLAND. An island in Denmark, 
S of Seeland; also spelled Laa- 

LAND. Ill, F3 

Lo-lo. In E Yunnan, S Szechuan 
(N of the Kinsha, an upper 
branch of the Yangtze-kiang) , 
and W Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Lolsel. In N California. IV, H6 

LoMAMi. A tributary of the middle 
Congo. I, E5,6 

Lombards. A Teutonic tribe which 
dwelt in the 1st and 2d cen- 
turies on the Elbe, in the 5th 
on the Danube, and after their 
invasion of Italy in 568, chiefly 
in the valley of the Po. Ill, E 
F4 

LoMBARDY. A compartimento in N 
Italy. Ill, EF4 

LoMBOK. An island in the Bali 
and Lombok provinces, Dutch 
East Indies. V, B4 

Lo-mien. In N Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

LoNDA. A district on the lower 
Zambesi, Africa. I, F7 

Long Akah. On the Baram River, 
N Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Long Island. S of Connecticut, 
and belonging to New York. 
IV, 06 

Long Kiput. On the Baram River, 
N Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Long Miao. Originally in Kwang- 
si, China; in 1726, migrated to 
Kuichau. II, LM6 

Longo. = Lango. I, FS 

Longobards. = L.omhards. II, EF4 

Long Pata. On the Baram River, 
N Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 



Long Pokun 

Long Pokun. A subdivision of the 
Sibop. V, B3 

Long Wai. A subdivision of the 
Kay an. V, B3,4 

Long Wat. A subdivision of the 
Sibop. V, B3 

Loobah. On the upper Nile (lat. 
5°N), S of the Mittu tribe. I, 
F5 

Lopez, Cape. Near the mouth of 
the Ogowe River in Gabun, W 
Africa. I, C6 

Lopolatimne. In central Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

Lori. One of the two main racial 
groups of Persians. II, FG5,6 

Loritj a. = L,uritch.a. V, D6 

Lorraine. A division of E France. 
Ill, E4 

Los. A river in N Chile. VI, CD 5 

Lototen. In N California. IV, H6 

Loucheux. W of the Mackenzie 
River, Canada; a branch of the 
Kutchin. IV, FG3,4 

LouisiADE Islands. An archipel- 
ago to the SE of New Guinea, 
Melanesia. V, F5 

Louisiana. A state in S central 
United States, on the Gulf of 
Mexico. IV, LM7,8 

Lovale. About Lake Dilolo, and on 
the headwaters of the Zambesi, 
Africa. I, E7 

Love. A subdivision of the Moi. 
II, L7 

Low Archipelago. In SE Poly- 
nesia, V, M5,6 

Low Countries. The former Neth- 
erlands, Belgium, and Luxem- 
bourg. Ill, E4,5 

Lower California. A peninsula 
of W Mexico. IV, HJ7-9 

Lower Kolyma. = Kolyma. II, P— 
R2 

Lo-mu. In the N part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Loyalty Islands. In Melanesia, 



138 

SE of the New Hebrides. V, G 
H6 

Loyalupu. In the SE part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, E4 

Lu. In the SE part of Upper Bur- 
ma. II, K6,7 

LuALABA. A river in the Belgian 
Congo, central Africa ; properly 
the Upper Congo. I, E6 

Luha. A subdivision of the Mittu. 
I, F5 

Luhhay. On the SE coast of In- 
dia.'ll, 17,8 

Lubu. In central Sumatra; about 
lat. 1°N, long. 101 °E. V, A3 

Lucayan. In the Bahama Islands 
in the West Indies ; now extinct. 
IV, N08,9 

Luchaze. On the headwaters of the 
Kwando (a tributary of the 
Zambesi), Angola. I, E7 

Lu-chi. In SE Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Lugat. A subdivision of the Tan- 
Jong. V, B3,4 

Luh-ngerh-tsi. In W Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Luh-tong-ih-jen. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Luhupa. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Luimba. The Ganguella who live 
near the Cuqueima, in Angola. 
I, D7 

Luina. On the upper Zambesi, Af- 
rica. I, E7 

Luiseno. The southernmost Sho- 
shonean division in California. 
IV, H7 

Lu-jen. In the W part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Lujichane.== Wends. Ill, F3 

LuLANGA. =LuLONGO. I, DE5 

Lule. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America; now extinct. VI, DE 
4,5 

LuLONGO. A branch of the Congo 
River, central Africa. I, DE5 



139 

Lumbwa. S of the Kavirondo Bay 
of the Victoria Nyanza, Africa. 
I, F6 

Lummi. In the SW part of British 
Columbia. IV, GH5 

LuNDA. A native state NE of Lake 
Bangweolo, Africa. I, ¥6,7 

Lunda. NE of Lake Bangweolo, 
Africa. I, ¥6,7 

Lunda-Luha. Tribes S of the main 
Congo, central Africa. I, DE5,6 

LuNi. A river in Rajputana, In- 
dia. II, 16 

Luni. W of Dera Ghazi Khan, a 
town on the middle Indus (lat. 
30° N), India. II, 15,6 

Luoh. (1) Native name of the 
Dyur. I, EF5. (2) Native name 
of the Shillook. I, F4,5 

Lupaha. W of Lake Titicaca, S 
Peru. VI, C4 

Lur. = Luri. I, F6 

Lurem. Between the upper Bahr- 
el-Jebel and Lake Rudolph, E 
Africa. I, F5 

Luri. On the left bank of the up- 
per Bahr-el-Jebel, and on the 
NW shore of the Albert Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F5 

Luris. In Luristan and Khuzistan, 
W Persia. II, FG5 

Luristan. A province in W Per- 
sia. II, F5 

Luritcha. In the neighborhood of 
Lake Amadeus, North Australia. 
V, D6 

Luritj a. = L,uritcha. V, D6 

Lushai. In W Upper Burma. II, 
K6 



Mabeya 

Lutanga. In the island of Olu- 
tanga and on the adjacent coast 
of Mindanao, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C3 

Lutao. A subdivision of the Moro. 
V, BC2,3 

Lutayo. = L,xdao. V, BC2,3 

Lutuami. In the neighborhood of 
Klamath Lakes, Oregon. IV, H6 

Lutuamian Family. An Indian lin- 
guistic family consisting of two 
branches, the Klamath and the 
Modoc, residing in SW Oregon, 
E of the Cascade Range, and 
along the California border. IV, 
H6 

Lutukotia. In N Assam, India. II, 
K6 

Lu-tse. In SE Tibet. II, K5,6 

Luwo. = J alno. I, F5,6 

Luxembourg. (1) A province in 
SE Belgium. Ill, E3,4.. (2) 
A grand duchy E of Belgium; 
998 sq.mi. Ill, E4 

Luzon. The chief (N) island of 
the Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Lwo. = Luoh, 1. I, EF5 

Lycaonia. An ancient Roman 
province, S Asia Minor. II, D 
E5 

Lycia. An ancient district in S 
Asia Minor. II, DE5 

Lycians. Natives of Lycia. II, D 
E5 

Lydia. An ancient country in W 
Asia Minor. II, D 5 

Lydians. Natives of Lydia. II, D5 

Ly-ssu. = Li-so. II, L6 



IVlaali. A subdivision of the Bag- 
gara. I, EF4 

Maba. A Mohammedan people who 
in the 17th century conquered 
Wadai, and are still its domi- 
nant people. I, DE4 



Ma&e. = Mabube. I, B-E4,5 
Maheha. = Mabiha. I, DE6 
Mabenge. On the upper Welle, an 

upper tributary of the Ubangi, 

central Africa. I, E5 
Mabeya. = ¥an. I, CD5,6 



Mahica 



140 



Mabica. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Mabiha. = Maviha. I, DE6 

Mabiti. = Maviti. I, F7 

Mabiu. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Mabode. S of the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle Riv- 
er (a tributary of the Ubangi), 
W of the Albert Nyanza, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Maboli. A subdivision- of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Mabongo. One of the names given 
the Akka by neighboring tribes. 
I, E5 

Mabube. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Mabudja. Between the Zambesi 
and the Limpopo rivers, South 
Africa. I, E7,8 

Mabum. On the Mongo River, 
Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 

Mabunda. = Mambunda. I, E7 

Macaguaje. = 'Pioje. VI, C3 

M acaZaca. = Makalaka. I, E7 

Macao. A Portuguese seaport 
town and colony on the penin- 
sula of Makao Island, China, 
at the SW entrance of Canton 
River. II, M 6 

McArthur River. In North Aus- 
tralia. V, D5 

Macassar. In the S extremity of 
the SW peninsula of Celebes. 
V, BC4 

Macaw. = C\asset. IV, H5,6 

McClure Gulf. In Dutch New 
Guinea. V, D4 

McDonnell Ranges. Mountains 
in North Australia. V, D5 

Macedonia. An ancient and noted 
country N of Greece ; now in N 
Greece. Ill, G4 

Macha. In the E part of former 
Russian Central Asia. II, 14 

Machacari. In E Brazil. VI, EG 
3,4 



Mackemni. In central California. 
IV, H7 

M achewa. = Achewa. I, F7 

Machona. = Mashona. I, E7,8 

Mackenzie. (1) A former dis- 
trict in NW Canada, now a part 
of Northwest Territories. IV, 
G-K2-4. (2) A river in North- 
west Territories, about 900 
miles long, flowing from the 
Great Slave Lake to the Arctic 
Ocean. IV, FH3,4 

Maclay Coast. In British New 
Guinea. V, E4 

Macleay River. In NE New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Maco. (1) On the Aguarico, an 
upper branch of the Napo Riv- 
er, Ecuador. VI, C3. (2) For- 
merly in central Colombia; now 
in SW Venzuela? VI, CD2 

Macololo. Formerly a powerful 
people on the upper Zambesi, 
Africa; now practically extinct. 
Their language, Sesuto, is still 
the universal language of inter- 
course among tribes in this re- 
gion. I, E7 

Maconi. In Bahia, Brazil. VI, G4 

Macquarie. a river in New South 
Wales, Australia, flowing 750 
miles to the Darling River. V, 
E7 

Macu. An agricultural people on 
both banks of the Rio Negro, 
Brazil. VI, D3 

Macua. A Bantu tribe of Portu- 
guese East Africa. I, F7,8 

Macuata. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Macucuena. On the Uaupes, an up- 
per branch of the Rio Negro, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Macueni. On the Guainia, E Co- 
lombia. VI, D2 

Macumba. a small river in South 
Australia. V, D6,7 



141 

Macuna. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Macuni. On the Rio Branco, a 
tributary of the Rio Negro, 
Brazil. VI, D2 

Macusi. In the SE part of Vene- 
zuela. VI, D2 

Madagascar. A large island in the 
Indian Ocean, ofF the E coast 
of Africa; a French colony; 
225,984 sq.mi. I, GH7,8 

Madang. On the upper Bar am, N 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Madang Usun Apo. A subdivision 
of the Madang. V, B3 

Madavar. In the Anaimalai Hills, 
S India. II, 17,8 

Madecassians. = Malagasy. I, G7,8 

Madeira. (1) A Portuguese island 
34 miles long, in the Atlantic 
Ocean W of Morocco. I, A2. (2) 
A river in Brazil, the most im- 
portant tributary of the Ama- 
zon, its length, including the 
Mamore, being about 3,100 
miles. VI, DE3,4. (3) Islands. 
A group (Madeira and four 
other islands) in the Atlantic 
Ocean, W of Morocco. I, A2 

Madenassana. In the N part of 
Bechuanaland, South Africa. I, 
E7 

Madi. (1) A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6. (2) On the up- 
per Bahr-el-Jebel, the upper 
part of the Nile, and N of the 
Shuli tribe. I, F5 

Madiga. In S India. II, 17 

Madigo. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Madi-Kaya. A subdivision of the 
Mittu. I, F5 

Madras. A S presidency (and its 
capital) in British India. II, 
17,8 

Madre de Dios. a tributary of the 
Beni in Peru and Bolivia. VI, 
CD4 



Magungo 

Madrid. Province and city (the 
capital of Spain) of central 
Spain. Ill, D4,5 

Madula. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Madundi. Near the Albert Ny- 
anza, central Africa. I, EF5 

Madura. (1) A city in the S 
Madras Presidency, British In- 
dia. II, 18. (2) An island N of 
E Java; with adjacent small 
islands, a residency. V, B4 

Madurese. In the island of Ma- 
dura. V, B4 

Madyal. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Mafiti. = Masitu. I, F7 

Mafor. In the W portion of Dutch 
New Guinea. V, D4 

Mafulu. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Magar. In central Nepal. II, J 6 

Magaya. Near the Albert Nyanza, 
central Africa. I, EF5 

Magdalena. a river 1,060 miles 
long, flowing from S Colombia 
into the Caribbean Sea. VI, Cl,2 

Magellan, Strait of. Between 
the mainland of South America 
and Tierra del Fuego Islands; 
200 miles long. VI, CD 8 

Magemiut. An Eskimo tribe in- 
habiting the lake country of 
Alaska from Cape Romanzof 
almost to the Yukon. IV, BC4! 

Magh. = Mug. II, K6 

Maghians. On the Zerafshan Riv- 
er, Bokhara. II, H4,5 

Magiabe. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Magigo. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Maguindanao. In the valley of the 
Rio Palangui or Rio Grande de 
Mindanao, Philippine Islands. 
V, C3 

Magungo. On the NE shore of the 



Maguzaxva 

Albert Nyanza, central Africa. 
I, F5 

Maguzawa. "Heathen" Haussa. I, 
C4,5 

Magwamha. In the S part of Por- 
tuguese East Africa. I, F8 

Magrvangwara. E of Lake Nyasa, 
Africa. I, F7 

Magyar. In Hungary. Ill, FG4! 

Maha. (l) = Mahi. I, C5. (2) = 
Omaha. IV, L6 

Mahafaly. In SW Madagascar. 

I, G8 

Mahalia. A subdivision of the 

Baggara. I, EF4 
Mahanuddy. a river in E India. 

II, J6 

Maharajah. In Kashmir, India. 
11,15 

Mahazoarivo. On the SE coast of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Mahdists. The followers of Mah- 
di, the last prophet of the Mo- 
hammedans, who captured most 
of the Egyptian Sudan. I, EF-i 

Ma-he. In SW Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Mahenge. W of the Rufiji River, 
Tanganyika, and in Ny as aland, 
E Africa. I, F6,7 

Mahi. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Mahican. An Algonquian tribe 
which occupied both banks of 
the upper Hudson River, New 
York, extending northward al- 
most to Lake Champlain. IV, 
06 

Mahin. a former native kingdom 
on the Slave Coast, W Africa. 
I, C6 

Ma^OM. = Diola. I, A4 

Mahrah Kara. In S Arabia; about 
lat. 17°N, long. 53°E. II, G7 

Mahratta. In W and central In- 
dia. II, 16,7 

Mahsud. N of the middle Gomal, 



142 

a tributary of the Indus, India. 
II, 15 

Mahungo. On the upper Kwango 
(lat. 7°S), a tributary of the 
Kassai River, Africa. I, D6 

Mai Darat. A subdivision of the 
Sakai in Batang Padang dis- 
trict of S Perak and on the 
Perak-Pahang border, Malay 
Peninsula. II, LB 

Maidu. A tribe formerly dwelling 
in Sacramento Valley and the 
adjacent Sierra Nevada in Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Maigo. On both banks of the Bo- 
mokandi, an upper branch of 
the Welle River (a tributary of 
the Ubangi), central Africa. I, 
E5 

Mailu. In British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Maine. ( 1 ) A state in NE United 
States. IV, OP6. (2) An ancient 
province in W France, whose 
capital was Le Mans. Ill, DE4< 

Mainote. In S Sparta, ancient 
Greece. Ill, G5 

Mainty. In central Madagascar. I, 
G7,8 

Maipua. On the Purari delta in 
W New Guinea. V, D4. 

Maipure. On the upper Orinoco 
and its tributary the Ventuari, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Mair. = Meria. II, 16 

Maisame. Between the Napo and 
the Nanay, upper branches of 
the Amazon. VI, C3 

Maisina. On the NW coast of 
British New Guinea. V, E4 

Maitasiri. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Maitheriban. On the middle Mur- 
ray, New South Wales. V, E7 

Mairva. A subdivision of the Mbum. 
I, D5 

Majanin. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 



143 

Majanna. On Shark Baj, Western 
Australia. V, B6 

Majhwar. In the hills o£ central 
India. II, 16 

Majiar. = Magjar. Ill, FG4 

Majirona. = Major\ina, although 
distinguished by some authors 
from that tribe. VI, C3 

Majombe. = Majomhe. I, D6 

Majorca. The largest of the 
Balearic Islands, in the W 
Mediterranean Sea. Ill, E5 

Makah. The southernmost tribe of 
the Wakashan stock, the only 
one within the United States; 
they belong to the Nootka 
branch; in NW Washington; 
(=Classet). IV, H5,6 

Makalaka. N of the middle Lim- 
popo (about long. 29°E), Af- 
rica. I, E7 

Makalanga. In the great central 
region of the South African 
plateau, Bechuanaland, etc. I, 
E7 

Makali. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Makao. a small island at the 
mouth of the Canton River, S 
China. II, M6 

MaA;arara. = Makkarakka. I, E5 

Makari. SW of Lake Chad, Africa. 
I, D4 

Makassar. (1) The chief town 
of (SW) Celebes; sometimes 
spelled Macassar. V, B4. (2) 
Strait of. Between Borneo and 
Celebes. V, BC3,4 

Makhbal, On the upper Kuram, a 
tributary of the Indus, E Af- 
ghanistan. II, 15 

Makhelchel. In N California. IV, 
H6 

MaA;^. = Mahi. I, C5 

Makioko. = Kioko. I, DE6,7 

Makiretari. = Maqueritari. VI, D2 

Makirifare. A Carib tribe between 



Malagasy 

Guiana and the Orinoco River. 
VI, D2 

Makkarakka. The Mittu name for 
the Niam-Niam. I, E5 

MoA;A;anA;a. = Makkarakka. I, E5 

Makolokue. In the E part of Bech- 
uanaland, South Africa. I, E8 

MaA;onc?a. = Makonde. I, F6,7 

Makonde. A Bantu tribe N of the 
Rovuma River in the S part of 
Tanganyika, E Africa. I, F6,7 

Makosa. = Makoza. I, DE6 

Makosa. On the W tributaries of 
the upper Kassai, Angola. I, D 
E6 

Makraka. = Makk.arakka. I, E5 

Maku. = Macu. VI, D3 

Makua. In the NE part of Portu- 
guese East Africa. I, F7 

Makuba. On the lower Kubango 
River in the SE part of Angola. 
I, DE7 

Makuna. On the Rio Negro, N 
central Brazil. VI, D3 

Mala. N of Lake Rudolph, E Af- 
rica. I, F5 

Ma-la. In the W part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Malaba. In NW Ecuador. VI, C 
2,3 

Malaban. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, B4 

Malabar. A district on the W 
coast of S British India, in the 
Madras Presidency. II, 17,8 

Malacca. (1) Peninsula. A 
British settlement, a division 
of Straits Settlements colony, 
on the W coast of the Malay 
Archipelago. II, LB. (2) Strait 
OF. Between the Malay Archi- 
pelago and Sumatra, from 38 
to 185 miles wide. V, A3 

Malaga. A province and city in 
S Spain. Ill, D5 

Malagasy. A collective name for 
the Malay tribes living in Mada- 



Malaiali 



lU 



gascar, of which the principal 
ones are Betsimisaraka, Hova, 
Sakalava, and Tanala. I, GH7j8 

Malaiali. In Selem district, S In- 
dia. II, 17,8 

Malai Araser. In Travancore, S 
India. II, 17,8 

MaZair. = Maler. II, IJ6 

Malaita. One of the Solomon Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, G4 

Malaka. In N California. IV, H6 

Malakka. = Malacca. II, L8 

Malaiali. Near the Rio Doce in 
the E part of Minas Geraes, 
Brazil; nearly extinct. VI, F4 

Malali. In Goyaz, Brazil. VI, EF3 

Malanao. A common name for the 
Moro on the shores of Lake 
Malanas, Mindanao, Philippine 
Islands. V, C3 

Malanau. = Milanau. V, B3 

Malang. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. V, 
B4 

Mala Vedan. A jungle tribe of S 
India. II, 17,8 

Malay. The name given by Euro- 
peans to the people calling 
themselves Orang Malayu, i.e., 
Malayan folk, who are the domi- 
nant race of the Malay Penin- 
sula and the Malay Archipelago, 
and to the brown races which 
inhabit the portion of Asia S 
of Siam and Indo-China, and 
the islands from the Philippines 
to Java, and from Sumatra to 
Timor, except the Sakai and 
Semang in the Malay Peninsula, 
the Bataks in Sumatra, and the 
Muruts in Borneo. The chief 
Malay tribes are the Achinese, 
Batta, Bisaya, Bugi, Dyak, Hova, 
Javanese, Macassar, Orang Ma- 
lay u, R e j an g, Sundanes e, and T a- 
gals. Sometimes the Batta and 
Dyak and others are known by 
the name of Indonesian, while 



the Achinese, Javanese, Rej ang, 
and Sundanese are called the Ma- 
lay proper. V, A— Cl— 4 

Malayan. (1) A collective name 
for the Malay tribes. V, A-Cl- 
4. (2) In Cochin, S India. II, 
17 

Malay Archipelago. The largest 
of island-groups, SE of Asia; 
occupied by Malays. V,A-C3— 5 

Malay Peninsula. The extreme 
SE end of the mainland of Asia. 
II, KL7,8 

Malaysia. Another name for the 
Malay Archipelago. V, A-C 
3-5 

Malay States, Federated. A 
British protectorate in the Ma- 
lay Archipelago; 27,506 sq.mi. 
II, L8 

Malbalai. On the Rio Vermejo, N 
Argentina. VI, DE5 

Maldives. Islands in the Indian 
Ocean, SW of Ceylon. II, IS 

Male. In the Rajmahal Hills of N 
E India. II, J6 

Malecite. A tribe of the Abnaki 
group of Algonquian stock in 
New Brunswick. IV, P6 

MaZeg^a. = Waregga. I, E5,6 

Malekula. An island in the New 
Hebrides, Melanesia. V, G5 

M flZemfoo. = Balemba. I, E8 

Malemiut. An Eskimo tribe occu- 
pying the coast of Norton 
Sound, N of Shaktolik and the 
neck of the Kaviak peninsula, 
Alaska. IV, BC3 

Maler. In the Rajmahal Hills, N 
of Chota Nagpur, India. II, I 
J6 

Maliah. A subdivision of the 
Kandh. II, IJ7 

Malinhe. = Mandingo. I, AB4,5 

Mallicolo. = Malekula. V, G5 

Mallorca. = Majorca. Ill, E5 

Maloh Dyak. On the Kapuas Riv- 



145 



Manhettu 



er in the W part of Dutch Bor- 
neo, V, B3,4. 

Malorousses. The Muscovite name 
of the Little Russians. Ill, G— 
J3,4 

Mai Paharia. In the Rajmahal 
Hills, NE India. II, HI6 

Malta. Ancient Melita; an island 
in the Mediterranean Sea, S of 
Sicily. Ill, F5 

Maltese. Natives of Malta. III,F5 

Mam. In W Guatemala. IV, M 9, 10 

Mamacica. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Mamaleilakitish. A subdivision of 
the Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Mamanua. A Negrito tribe in- 
habiting the interior of Surigao 
Peninsula, NE Mindanao, Phil- 
ippine Islands. V, C3 

Mamanzai. = Muhammadzai. II, 15 

Mamasenni. In W Persia. II, F5 

Mamash. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Mamay amaze. In the island of 
Marajo between the mouths of 
the Amazon and the Para. VI, 
EF3 

Mamhare. On the Bomokandi, an 
upper branch of the Welle Riv- 
er (a tributary of the Ubangi), 
central Africa. I, E5 

Mam6e«tt. = Monbuttu. I, E5 

Mambiu. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Mamho. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Mambriara. On the Tapajos, Bra- 
zil. VI, E3 

Mambu. A subdivision of the Mege. 
I, E5 

Mambunda. In N Zambesia, South 
Africa. I, E7 

Mambunga. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Mam&Mf i. = Bambute. I, E5 

Mambwe. S of Lake Tanganyika, 
Africa. I, F6,7 



Mame. = Mam. IV, M9,10 

Mamenga. On the Yapura and the 
Uaupes, tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. VI, CD2,3 

Mamma. In E Sumatra. V, A4 

Mamom'oo. A subdivision of the 
Akka. I, E5 

Mamore. a river in Bolivia, flow- 
ing to the Madeira River. VI, 
D4 

Mampa. = Sherbro. I, A5 

Mampua. = Sherbro. I, A5 

Mampursi. On the middle Volta 
River, W Africa. I, BC5 

Mamun. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Mamuret el Aziz. A district in 
Armenia, Asia Minor. II, F4,5 

Man, Isle of. A British island in 
the Irish Sea. Ill, D8 

Man. In Tonkin. II, L6 

Manache. In Washington. IV, H6 

Manacica. Formerly in NE Bo- 
livia. VI, D4 

Manacuru. On the Rio Negro, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Manahoac. A confederacy or group 
of small tribes or bands, possi- 
bly Siouan, in N Virginia. IV, 
N7 

Mananape. In the interior of Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 

Manandriana. In central Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

Manansa. S of the middle Zambesi 
(about long. 26 °E), Africa. I, 
E7 

Manao. An almost extinct Arawak 
tribe at the confluence of the 
Rio Negro and the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Manatenery. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Manatizaba. A subdivision of the 
Pirro. VI, C4 

Man&e«M. = Monbuttu. I, E5 



Mancagnes 

Mancagnes. In Senegal, W Af- 
rica. I, A4 

Mancha, La. An old province in 
S central Spain. Ill, D5 

Manche. a department in NW 
France. Ill, D3 

Manche. In N Guatemala. IV, M 
9,10 

Manchu. Once a dominant group 
in Manchuria, China. II, N03,4 

Manchuria. A Chinese depend- 
ency, E of Mongolia and Chihli. 
II, N03,4 

Manda. Ancestors of the modem 
Kurds, in W Persia. II, F5 

Mandalay. a city in central Bur- 
ma (its capital), on the Ira- 
wadi River. II, K6 

Mandallam Maloh. A subdivision 
of the Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Mandan. A Siouan tribe of the 
NW United States; novr on 
the Fort Berthold reservation. 
North Dakota. IV, KL6 

Mandanaca. A subdivision of the 
Barre. VI, D3 

Mandar. In W Celebes. V, BC3,4 

Mandara. S of Lake Chad, Africa. 
I, D4 

Mandari. A subdivision of the 
Bari. I, F5 

Mandauca. In Guiana, South Amer- 
ica. VI, E2 

Mandaya. In Bislig and Davao, 
Mindanao, Philippine Islands. 
V, C3 

Mande. In the Garo Hills, SW 
Assam, II, K6 

Mande. In French Guinea, W Af- 
rica. I, A4 

Mandiavato. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Mandine. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Mandingo. (1) On both banks of 
the Gambia, and in French 
Guinea, W Africa. I, AB4,5. 



146 

(2) On the E coast of Costa 

Rica. IV, NIO 
Mandinke. = Mande. I, A4 
Mandja. = Mandjo. I, D5 
Mandjack. On the Rio Grande, W 

Africa. I, A4 
Mandjia. = Mand^o. I, D5 
Mandjo. Between the Ubangi and 

the Grinbingi (one of the prin- 
cipal branches of the Shari), 

central Africa. I, D5 
Mandjoor. = Manc}m. II, N03,4 
Mandranozemina. In central Mad- 
agascar. I, G7,8 
Manegre. = Manyarg. II, N3 
Manendi/. In central Madagascar. 

I, G7,8 
Manetenery. = Manatenery. VI, D3 
Manga. Near Lake Chad, Africa. 

I, D4 
Mangaia. An island in central 

Polynesia. V, L6 
Mangaja. = Anjasa. I, F7 
Manganya. = Any asa. I, F7 
Mangar. In E Nepal. II, JQ 
Manghalle. N and S of the upper 

Welle (about long. 27 °E), a 

tributary of the Ubangi, central 

Africa. I, E5 
MaMg6oif M. = Monbuttu. I, E5 
Mang-hettou. = M-onhuiivi. I, E5 
Manghettu. = Moxibviitu. I, E5 
Mangbua. = Ababua. I, E5 
Mangerona. On the Yapura, a 

tributary of the Amazon. VI, 

CDS 
Manghit. A subdivision of the Us- 

beg. II, H4,5 
Mangia. = Mand^o. I, D5 
Mangkassar. = M.acassar. V, BC4 
Mango. A subdivision of the Mege. 

I, E5 
Mangoon. At the mouth of the 

Amur, E Siberia. II, OP 3 
Manguanga. In the province of 

Bislig, Mindanao, Philippine 

Islands. V, C3 
Mangue. The aborigines of Nica- 



147 



Manx 



ragua, on Lake Managua. IV, 
MlO 
Manguiane. In the interior of 
Mindoro and in the islands of 
Romblon and Tablas, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, BC2,3 
Mangulanga. = Manguanga. V, C3 
Mangun. = Mangoon. II, 0P3 
Mangyans. = Manguiane. V, BC2,3 
Manhattan. The island forming 
a part of the city of New York. 
IV, 06 
Manhattan. A tribe of the Wap- 
pinger confederacy which occu- 
pied Manhattan Island and en- 
virons. IV, 06 
Maniha. = MaxiVfa.. VI, D2 
Manicaland. a country to the S 
of the lower Zambesi, Africa. I, 
F7 
Manika. In Mashonaland (S of 
the Zambesi River), South Af- 
rica. I, EF7 
Manila. The capital of the Phil- 
ippine Islands, in Luzon. V, C2 
Maniolosi. In N Bechuanaland, 

South Africa. I, E8 
Manipo. In SW Colombia. VI, C2 
Manipur. a native state, SE of 

Assam, India. II, K6 
Manipuri. The natives of Mani- 
pur. II, K6 
Manisotra. In central Madagascar. 

I, G7,8 
Manissa. The district around 
Smyrna, W Asia Minor. II, D5 
Manitenery.=^'M.a,naXtn&rj. VI, D3 
Manitiva. = 'M.a.mva. VI, D2 
Manitoba. A province in S cen- 
tral Canada. IV, K-M4,5 
Manitoulin. An island in Lake 

Huron, Ontario. IV, N6 
Maniva. An Arawak tribe on the 
upper Rio Negro (an affluent 
of the Amazon) and the Gua- 
viare (a tributary of the Ori- 
noco) and their affluents. VI, 
D2 



ManivL In SW Ecuador. VI, C3 
Manwa. = Maniva. VI, D2 
Maniza. Between the middle Obi, 
and the Ural Mountains; also 
called Vogul. II, H2,3 
iVfanjAi. = Majhwar. II, 16 
Marejowr. = Manchu. II, N03,4 
Manhat. Native name of the No- 

gai. Ill, J4 
MareA;*. = Manx. Ill, D3 
MoTC»ac?z. = Kunnuvan. II, 17 
Man-ne-pgha. One of the native 

names of the Sgan. II, K6 
Mannu. Native name of the Cari- 

puna. VI, D3 
Manoa. = Conibo. VI, C3 
Manobo. In the valley of the mid- 
dle Rio Agusan in Surigao, as 
well as at various points in the 
district of Davao, Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands; the correct 
form of the name is Manuba, 
or better, Man-Suba; the name 
is also used indiscriminately for 
the Mandaya, Bagobo, and Bi- 
lane. V, C3 
Manosaht. A subdivision of the 

Aht. IV, G5 
Manso. A former semi-sedendary 
tribe on the Mexican frontier, 
near El Paso, Texas. IV, K7,8 
Man-Suba. See Manobo. V, C3 
Mania. On the W coast of Ecua- 
dor. VI, BC2,3 
Manfra. = Mentra. II, LB 
MoTO-f*e. = Man-tze. II, L6 
Man-tze. The Lolo in Szechuan, 

China. II, L6 
Mawi^M. = Man-tze. II, L6 
Manuhama. A subdivision of the 
Solomon Islands tribes. V, FG4 
Manuhoro. SE of Port Moresby, 

British New Guinea. V, F5 
Manumanu. NW of Port Mores- 
by, British New Guinea. V, E4< 
Manx. On the Isle of Man in the 
Irish Sea. Ill, D3 



Manyak 

Manyak. On the border of Tibet 

and Szeehuan, China. II, L5 
Manyanya. The Bongo name for 

the Niam-Niam. I, E5 
Manyarg. On the middle Amur 

(about 126°E), Siberia. II, N3 
Manyema. NW of Lake Tangan- 
yika, Africa. I, E6 
Manyuema. = Manyema. I, E6 
Man0. = Vogul. II, H2,3 
Mao. A subdivision of the Naga. 

II, K6 
Maola. An island in the Fiji 

group, Melanesia. V, J5 
Maori. In New Zealand. V, GH7,8 
Maoriland. = New Zealand. V, 

GH7,8 
Mapaia. A subdivision of the Mege, 

I, E5 
Maparina. On the upper Maranon, 

the upper part of the Amazon. 

VI, C3 
Mapau. A subdivision of the Mege. 

I, E5 
Mappila. In S India. II, 17 
Maqpiato. The Dakota name for 

the Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 
Maqueritari. On the Rio Branco, 

a tributary of the Rio Negro, 

N Brazil. VI, D2 
Maquiritare. On the Ventuari, an 

upper branch of the Orinoco, 

Venezuela. VI, D2 
Mara. On the SW coast of the 

Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. 

V, D5 
Maracaibo. (1) Gulf of. Between 

Goajira peninsula, Colombia, 

and Venezuela. VI, Cl. (2) 

Lake. In NW Venezuela. VI, 

Cl,2 
Maragua. On the Amazon, below 

the mouth of the Madeira. VI, 

E3 
Marah. On the Kapuas River in 

the W part of Dutch Borneo. V, 

B4. 



148 

Maraha. In the Tarai, a region in 
N India. II, I5,6 

Marahua. = Maraua. VI, D3 

Marajo. a large island at the 
mouth of the Amazon, a part of 
the Amazon delta. VI, EF3 

Maraki. In the Gilbert Islands, 
Micronesia. V, H3,4 

Marama. In Uganda Protectorate, 
Africa. I, F5 

Maran. On the upper Irawadi Riv- 
er, Burma. II, K6 

Maranha. = Mariana. VI, CD3 

Maranhao. a state in N Brazil. 
VI, F3 

Maranoa. a tributary of the Dar- 
ling River, in S Queensland. V, 
EF6 

Maranon. An upper tributary of 
the Amazon. VI, CD 3 

Maranshobishgo. The Cheyenne 
name for the Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Marapitana. On the Rio Negro, 
an affluent of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Maraf ^a. = Mahratta. II, 16,7 

Marathi. = Mahratta. II, 16,7 

Maratunia. = Mardudhunera. V, B 
C6 

Maraua. On the lower Juruha, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Maravar. In Tinnevelly, S India. 
II, 17 

Maravi. NW of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F6,7 

Marawa. = Maraua. VI, D3 

Marayo. = Marajo. VI, EF3 

Marcani. On the Beni, a tributary 
of the Madeira, Bolivia. VI, D4 

Mardala. On the borders of the 
Flinders Range, South Austra- 
lia. V, D7 

Mardudhunera. In Western Aus- 
tralia. V, BC6 

Mare. One of the Loyalty Islands, 
Melanesia. V, G6 



149 



Maru 



Marea. In Eritrea, NE Africa. I, 

FG4. 
March. A subdivision of the Kredy. 

I, E5 

Margaret. A river in Western 
Australia. V, B6 

Margarita. An island off the N 
coast of Venezuela. VI, Dl 

Marghi. SW of Lake Chad, Af- 
rica. I, D4 

Marhatta. = Mahratta. II, 16,7 

Mart. Native name of the Chere- 
miss. Ill, JK3 

Maria. A subdivision of the Gond. 

II, IJ6 

Mariame. A tribe near Matagorda 
Bay, Texas. IV, L8 

Mariana. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon; also 
met with on the upper course of 
the Putumayo. VI, CDS 

Mariana Islands. A group in the 
W Pacific, Micronesia. V, El,2 

Mariarana. Between the Yapura 
and the Rio Negro, tributaries 
of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Mariathe. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Mariboi. Formerly in W Nicara- 
gua. IV, MlO 

Maricopa. An important Yuman 
tribe on the lower Gila, a tribu- 
tary of the Colorado River, Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

Mariete. On the upper Putumayo, 
an upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Marimba. SW of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Marind-anim. In Dutch New Guin- 
ea. V, D4 

Marindinese. = Marind-anim. V, D4< 

Maring. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Mariposa. A linguistic stock on the 
shore of Lake Tulare, Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

Mamcopa. = Maricopa. IV, J7 



Marm. = Saidokki. I, F3 

Mariss. On the upper Irawadi Riv- 
er, Burma. II, K6 

Maritimo. On the small islands off 
the N coast of Camarines Norte, 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Marken Islands. = Mortlock Is- 
lands. V, F3 

Marli. In Baghalpur, a division of 
Bengal, India. II, JQ 

Marmora, Sea of. A sea 172 miles 
long in Turkey, between Europe 
and Asia. Ill, G4 

Marnuacu. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Maro. = Maruwi. V, A3 

Marohala. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Marona. An upper branch of the 
Marafion in N Peru. VI, C3 

Maronites. In NW Syria. II, E 5 

Maropa. On the Beni, a tributary 
of the Madeira, Bolivia. VI, D4 

Marovatana. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Marqueen Islands. = Mortlock 
Islands. V, F3 

Marquesans. In the Marquesas Is- 
lands, Polynesia. V, MN4,5 

Marquesas Islands. A group in 
the S Pacific Ocean, E Poly- 
nesia. V, MN4,5 

Marri. A subdivision of the Ba- 
loch. II, 15 

Marririmo. Native name of the 
Makalaka. I, E7 

Marrucini. An ancient people who 
dwelt in Italy. Ill, F4 

Mars. In Palaman and Sirguja, E 
India. II, 3Q 

Marshall Islands. A group in 
Micronesia, N Pacific. V, GH2 

Martindane. In Uruguay. VI, E6 

Martinique. An island in the 
French West Indies. VI, Dl 

Maru. On the upper Irawadi 



Marula 



150 



(about lat. 26°N), Burma. II, 

K6 
Marula. In SE Queensland. V, F6 
Marungu. On the SW shore of 

Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, 

EF6 
Marutse. = Barotse. I, E7,8 
Maruwi. On the NW Coast (about 

lat. 2°N), of Sumatra and in 

Banyak Island. V, A3 

MaRWAR. = JODHPUR, II, 16 

Marrvari. In W Rajputana, India. 
II, 16 

Maryland. A middle Atlantic 
state in the United States. IV, 
N07 

Mary River. A stream in SE 
Queensland. V, F6 

Masaha. NE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza. I, F5,6 

Masaca. A subdivision of the 
Barre. VI, D3 

Masacara. In Goyaz, Brazil. VI, 
EF3,4 

Masai. A wandering tribe of E 
Africa from the Victoria Ny- 
anza to the Indian Ocean; the 
agricultural people of the tribe 
are called by the Suahili trad- 
ers Wakwavi. I, FG5,6 

Masaha. The Wanika name for the 
Wandorobbo. I, F6 

MasaZif . = Massalit. I, DE4 

Masamaes. A subdivision of the 
Llameo. VI, C3 

Masara Bushmen, In the Kalahari 
Desert, South Africa. I, E8 

Masarwa. = Massarua. I, E8 

Masbate. An island in the central 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Maschukulumbe. = 38.-113,. I, E7 

Mascogee. = Muskoki. IV, MN7,8 

Mascoi. A linguistic group of In- 
dians in the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 

Mascouten. A term used by some 
early writers in a collective and 
indefinite sense to designate the 



Algonquian tribes living on the 
prairies of Wisconsin and Illi- 
nois. IV, M6 
Masere^a. = Basenga. I, F7 
Masep. The Kiowa name of the 

Caddo. IV, L7,8 
Ma«/im^e. = Bashinge. I, D6 
Mashona. Originally between the 
Zambesi and the Limpopo, Af- 
rica; they were later driven N 
by the Matabele, and are now 
in Mashonaland, S Rhodesia. I, 
EF7,8 
Mashonaland. A province of S 
Rhodesia, S of the Zambesi Riv- 
er and W of Portuguese East 
Africa. I, EF7,8 
MashukulumbTve. = 3a-i[a. I, E7 
Masianaka. On the SE coast of 

Madagascar. I, G8 
Masikora. = Vezo. I, G8 
Masimba. On the lower Zambesi in 
1540, and pushing their vic- 
torious way N, they captured 
Quilo and Mombasa, were then 
defeated and disappeared from 
history. I, F6,7 
Masitu. A people who set out 
from S of the Zambesi and mi- 
grated as far as the NW shores 
of Lake Nyasa. I, F7 
Maskegon. An Algonquian tribe 
so closely related to the Cree 
that they have appropriately 
been called a subtribe. In Can- 
ada from Lake Winnipeg to 
Hudson Bay. IV, LM4,5 
Maskigo. = Maskegon. IV, LM4,6 
MaskoU. = Muskoki. IV, MN7,8 
Mflsfcoim. = Mascouten. IV, M6 
Afa*o«.go. = Bassongo. I, E6 
Masosso. W of the upper Kwango 
(lat. 7°S), a tributary of the 
Kassai River, Africa. I, D6 
Massachuset. An important Al- 
gonquian tribe that occupied the 
country about Massachusetts 
Bay in E Massachusetts. IV, 06 



151 



Mauhe 



Massachusetts. A state in NE 

United States. IV, 06 
Massagetae. A Turkish people liv- 
ing in the 2d century on the E 

shores of the Caspian Sea. II, 

G4,5 
Massalit. In Wadai, Africa. I, DE 

4 
Massapequa. An Algonquian tribe 

formerly on the S coast of Long 

Island, New York. IV, 06 
Massarua. In the Kalahari Desert, 

South Africa. I, E8 
Massassi. In SE Tanganyika. I, 

F6 
Massenga. The capital of Bagir- 

mi, SE of Lake Chad, Africa. I, 

D4 
Masset. A subdivision of the 

Haida. IV, FG5 
Massilega. In the York Isles in 

Torres Strait. V, E5 
Massim, In the SE extremity of 

New Guinea. V, EF4,5 
Massowan. In Abyssinia. I, FG4,5 
Ma^swai. = Massowan. I, FG4,5 
Masumba. Capital of the Lunda 

state, near Lake Bangweolo, Af- 
rica. I, E7 
Matabele. In Matabeleland, S 

Rhodesia. I, EF8 
Matabeleland, or Matabili- 

LAND. A province in S Rhodesia. 

I, EF8 
Matabili. = Matahele. I, EFS 
Mataco. = Matako. VI, D4,5 
Matagene. A subdivision of the 

Zaparo. VI, C3 
Matagorda Bay. In E central 

Texas. IV, LB 
Mataguayo. On the right bank of 

the Rio Vermejo, Argentina. 

VI, DE5 
MataJco. An Indian linguistic 

group in the Gran Chaco, South 

America. VI, D4,5 
Matamba. On the headwaters of 



the Kuanza River, Angola. I, 
D7 

Matambuha. On the W shore of 
Lake Nyasa, Africa. I, F7 

Matambwe. On the right bank of 
the Rovuma River, Portuguese 
East Africa. I, F7 

Matano. On the Cauca River, W 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Matara. The name given by the 
early writers to the Tonocote. 
VI, D5,6 

Matelpa. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Ma-ten-hia. In SW Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Mati. A Negro-Ethiopian half- 
breed people, the ancestors of 
the modern Agau; in W Abys- 
sinia. I, F4,5 

Matlaltzinca. In the central part 
of Mexico. IV, KL9 

Matongoi. A subdivision of the 
Wakamba. I, F6 

Matore. = Motori. II, K3 

Matshigango. = Campa. VI, C3,4 

Mattabesec. An important Algon- 
quian tribe of Connecticut, W 
of the Connecticut River. IV, 
06 

Mattasoon. In 1805 on the Mis- 
souri River in North Dakota. 
IV, K6 

Matto Grosso. a state in W Bra- 
zil. VI, E4 

Mattokki. On the banks of the 
Nile near Aswan, a town in 
Upper Egypt. I, F3 

Matuku. An island in the Fij i Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, H5 

Matu Milanau. A subdivision of 
the Milanau. V, B3 

Maturua. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Maua. = Omagua. VI, C3 

Mauhe. Between the Madeira and 
the Tapajos, Brazil. VI, DE3 



Mauretania 



152 



Mauretania. (1) An ancient 
country or district of N Africa, 
W of Numidia ; modern Morocco 
and part of Algeria. I, BC2. 
(2) A territory N of the Sene- 
gal River, French West Africa. 
I, AB3,4 

Mauri. = Mauritanians. 1, BC2 

Mauritanians. A tribe that in- 
habited ancient Mauretania. I, 
BC2 

Mauritius. A British island in the 
Indian Ocean, E of Madagas- 
car. I, H8 

Maurungu. On Lake Rikwa, Tan- 
ganyika. I, F6 

Mauta. A subdivision of the Za- 
paro. VI, C3 

Mavambe. N of the lower Congo. 
I, D6 

Mavenda. In S Rhodesia. I, EF 
7,8 

Mavia. = Maviha. I, F7 

Maviha. In the NE part of Por- 
tuguese East Africa. I, F7 

Maviti. SW of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Mavumba. = Mavambe. I, D6 

Mavungula. The Monbuttu name 
for the Niam-Niam. I, E5 

Mawakwa. In Venezuela. VI, D2 

Mawatta. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Mawken. = Selung. II, K7 

Maya. In the Yucatan Peninsula, 
Mexico. IV, M9 

Mayacama. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4. 

Mayacca. E of the middle Kwango 
(about lat. 6°S), a tributary of 
the Kassai, Africa. I, D6 

Mayakka. = Mayacca. I, D6 

Mayayu. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Ma^/e. = Mayeye. IV, L7 

Mayeye. A former Tonkawan tribe 
in E central Texas. IV, L7 

Mayna. A collective name for all 



the tribes of the upper Maraiion 
in N Peru. VI, C3 

Mayo. One of the principal tribes 
of the Cahita group of the Pi- 
man stock, residing on the Rio 
Mayo, Sinaloa, Mexico. IV, J 8 

Mayomba. = Mayombe. I, D6 

Mayombe. On the Kwilu River in 
the S part of French Equatorial 
Africa. I, D6 

Mayoruna. Between the Maraiion, 
Ucayali, and Yavari rivers, 
Peru. VI, C3 

Mayotta. An island N of Mada- 
gascar. I, G7 

Mayoyao. In the SW corner of 
Isabela and the NW angle of 
Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Maypure. = Maipur. VI, D2 

Mayumba, or Mayumbe. = May- 
ombe. I, D6 

Mazahua. In central Mexico. IV, 
KL9 

Mazanderan. a province in N 
Persia, on the S shore of the 
Caspian Sea. II, G5 

Mazane. On the lower Napo, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Mazapile. In Zacatecas, Mexico, 

IV, K9 

Mazaruni. a river in British 
Guiana, South America. VI, E2 

Mazitu. NW of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F6,7 

Mba. A subdivision of the Fijians. 

V, H5 

Mbafu. In Adamawa, a region in 

the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 
Mbagathi. a river in E central 

Africa. I, F5 
M'Baka. In French Congo. I, D5 
Mbamba. On the upper Ogowe 

River, Africa. I, D5,6 
Mba Mwanziu. A clan in Uganda, 

E Africa. I, F5 
Mbangala. = Cassange. I, D6 



153 



Meh-fen 



Mhanzi. A subdivision o£ the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 

Mharike. N of the middle Binue, 
a tributary of the Niger^ W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Mhau. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Mhayd. An Indian tribe in Para- 
guay. VI, E5 

Mbegua. On the Parana River, SE 
Brazil. VI, E5 

Mhemhe. In Nigeria, W Africa. 
I, C5 

Mhena. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Mbenga. N of the Gabun River, 
W Africa. I, D5 

Mbillo. In the Gabun River, W 
Africa. I, D5,6 

Mbocobi. = MocohL VI, D5 

Mbondemo. Near Cape Lopez, 
French Equatorial Africa. I, C6 

Mbondo. In Angola. I, D7 

Mbonge. A Bantu tribe of S Ni- 
geria. I, C5 

Mbua. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 

M6m6o. = Bambuba. I, E5 

Mbui. A subdivision of the Waki- 
kuyu. I, F5,6 

Mbukuya. One of the Fiji Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, H6 

Mbum. S of the upper Binue, 
Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 

M6MTC<^a. = Bambunda. I, E7 

M6Mnrf«. = Mbondo. I, D7 

M&Mfe. = Bambute. I, E5 

Mbutoni. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Mdewakanton. One of the four 
subtribes composing the Santee 
division of the Dakota, the other 
three being the Sisseton, Wah- 
peton, and Wahpekute; in Min- 
nesota. IV, L6 

Mecca. The capital of Hejaz, 
Arabia; the birthplace of Mo- 
hammed. II, F6 



Mech. In Goalpara district, W 
Assam, India, and in parts of 
Bhutan and Nepal. II, K6 

Mecha. In W Abyssinia. I, F4<,5 

Mechi. In Bhutan. II, K6 

Meco. In Guanajuato, Mexico. IV, 
K9 

Medes. People of ancient Media; 
they were nearly related to the 
Persians, and attained their 
greatest power from 700 to 500 
B.C. II, F5 

Medervacanton. A subdivision of 
the Santee ; = Mdewakanton. IV, 
L6 

Media. An ancient country in 
Asia, now in N and W Persia. 
II, F5 

Medina. A city in Arabia, about 
210 miles NW of Mecca; Mo- 
hammed's tomb is here. II, EF6 

Mediterranean Sea. An inland 
sea enclosed by Europe, Asia, 
and Africa, 2,330 miles long; 
including the Adriatic Sea, 1,- 
007,220 sq.mi. I, B-Fl,2 

Medze. N of the middle Aruwimi 
(about long. 28 °E), a tributary 
of the Congo. I, E5 

Meem'ng-. = Minung. V, B7 

Meewoc. = Miwok. IV, H7 

Megara. a district in the Isthmus 
of Corinth, ancient Greece. Ill, 
G5 

Mege. S of the Bomokandi, an up- 
per branch of the Welle River 
(a tributary of the Ubangi), 
W of the Albert Nyanza, cen- 
tral Africa. I, E5 

Megiadab. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Meherrin. An Iroquoian tribe for- 
merly residing on the river of 
the same name on the Virginia- 
North Carolina border. IV, N7 

Meh-fen. In the S part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 



Mehinaku 



154 



Mehinaku. Along the upper Xingu 
River, Brazil. VI, E3,4 

Mehto. In the W part of Chota 
Nagpur, India. II, IJ6 

Meiappe. = My appe. V, E5 

Meiculon. = My coolon. V, E5 

Meidoo. = Maidu. IV, H7 

Meirefab. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Meirinygil. In W Victoria. V, E7 

Meithei. In Manipur, a native 
state in India. II, K6 - 

Mejertin. In NE Somaliland, E 
Africa. I, GH4,5 

Mekaberab. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Mekeo District. In British New 
Guinea. V, E4 

Mekka. = Mecca. II, F6 

Mekong. A river (hong) about 2,- 
600 miles long, flowing from 
Tibet through Yunnan and In- 
do-China (forming much of the 
E Siamese boundary) to the 
China Sea in Cochin China. II, 
K-L6-8 

Mekrani. On the coast of Baluchi- 
stan. II, H6 

Melam. On the borders of Tibet 
and Szechuan, China. II, L5 

Me/anaM. = Milanau. V, B3 

Melanesia. A group of islands in 
the Pacific Ocean NE of Aus- 
tralia; of which the principal 
islands and groups are as fol- 
lows [the important ones are in 
small capitals] : (V, F-J4-6) 

1. Avon Is. 

2. Cato I. 

3. Chesterfield Is. 

4. Coringa Is. 

5. Fiji Islastds 

Agata 

Balevu 

Bega 

Exploring Isles 

Fulanga 

Kambara 

Kanacea 

Kandavu 



Katafanga 

Kia 

Lakeba 

Malaki 

Malolo 

Mango 

Matuku 

Moala 

Mokongai 

Morambo 

Mothe 

Nairai 

Nanuku 

Naviti 

Ngamea 

Ngau 

Niau 

Nitabo 

Oneata 

Ongea 

Ono 

Ovalau 

Rabi 

Ringgold Isles 

Thikombia 

Thithia 

Totoya 

Tuvutha 

Vanua 

Vanua Levu 

Vanua Vatu 

Vatu Leile 

Vatuua 

Vatu Vara 

Viti Levu 

Viwa 

Waia 

Wailagilala 

Wakaya 

Yacata 

Yandua 

Yangaga 

Yasawa Group 

6. Home Is. 

7. Hunter I. 

8. Huon I. 

9. Louisiade Archipelago 

10. Loyalty Islands 

Beaupr6 Is. 
Hamelin I. 
Isle of Pines 
Lifu 
Mar6 
Tigi I. 
Uea 
Walpole I. 

11. New Caledonia 

12. New Hebrides 

Alaba (Torres Is.) 



155 



Melchora 



Ambrym 

Aneityum (Annatam) 

Annatam (Aneityum) 

Api (Tasiko) 

Aragh (Pentecost) 

Aurora (Maewo) 

Banks Is. 

Efate (Sandwich I.) 

Erromango 

Espiritu Santo (Marina I.) 

Gaua I. (Santa Maria) 

High I. 

Immer I. 

Maewo (Aurora) 

Mallicolo 

Malo 

Marina I. (Espiritu Santo) 

Merig (St. Claire) 

Merlay (Star I.) 

Middle I. 

Mota (Sugarloaf I.) 

North I. 

Pentecost (Aragh) 

Saddle I. 

St. Claire (Merig) 

Sandwich I. (Efate) 

Santa Maria (Gaua I.) 

South I. 

Star I. (Merlay) 

Sugarloaf I. (Mota) 

Tangarika 

Tanna 

Tanoa 

Tasiko (Api) 

Torres Is. (Alaba) 

Middle I. 

North I. 

Saddle I. 

South I. 
Two Hills I. 
Ureparapara I. 
Valua 

Vanua-Laca 
Vatganai 

13. Niuafu 

14. Norfolk I. 

15. Santa Cruz Islands 

Anuda (Cherry I.) 

Cherry I. (Anuda) 

Duff (Wilson) Group 

Edgecombe I. (Utupua) 

Matema (Swallow) Is. 

Ndeni (Santa Cruz I.) 

Nukapu 

Nupani 

Santa Cruz I. (Ndeni) 

Swallow (Matema) Is. 

Tinakula 

Tucopia 



Utupua (Edgecombe I.) 

Vanikoro I. 

Wilson (Duff) Group 

16. Solomon Islands 

Bauro (San Cristoval) 

Bellona I. 

Bougainville 

Buka I. 

Carteret I. 

Choiseul 

Contrariele I. (Ulaua) 

Eddistone (Narovo) 

Fauro I. 

Florida Is. 

Gower I. 

Guadalcanar 

Gutakil 

Kulambangra I. 

Lord Howe Is. (Ontong Java) 

Malaita 

Manoba I. 

Maramasiki I. 

Marqueen Is. (Mortlock Is.) 

Martin Is. 

Montgomery 

Mortlock Is. (Marqueen Is.) 

Murray I. 

Narovo (Eddistone) 

New Georgia 

Ontong Java (Lord Howe Is.) 

Rennell I. 

Rondova 

Ronogo I. 

Russell Is. 

St. George's I. 

San Cristoval (Bauro) 

Savo I. 

Shortland I. 

Sikaiana (Stewart Is.) 

Sir C. Hardy I. 

Stewart Is. (Sikaiana) 

Tasman I. 

Three Sisters Is. 

Treasury I. 

Ulaua (Contrariele I.) 

Vangunu 

Vella Lavella 

Wana Wana 

Ysabel 

Zeune Is. 

17. Tregrosse Is. 

18. Willis I. 

Melanesian. A collective name for 
the tribes of Melanesia. V, F-J 
4-6 

Melchora. On the SE coast of 
Nicaragua. IV, MNlO 



Mele 



156 



Mele. A subdivision of the Mege. 
I, E5 

Meliseet. In Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick, Canada. IV, P6 

MelJcit. In Arabia, II, F6,7 

Melle, a former state in the W 
Sudan, around Timbuctoo. I, B4< 

Melon. On the upper Sanga, a 
tributary of the lower Congo. I, 
D5 

Melos. An island in the Cyclades, 
Greece. Ill, G5 

Meluhitz. On the Siletz reserva- 
tion, Oregon. IV, H6 

Melville. (1) Bay. An inlet in 
Greenland, near the head of 
Baffin Bay. IV, PR2. (2) Is- 
land. In the Arctic Ocean, Can- 
ada; 200 miles by 130 miles. 

IV, H-K2. (3) Island. Near 
Bathurst Island, North Austra- 
lia. V, D5. (4) Peninsula. 250 
miles long, in N Canada, be- 
tween Fox Channel and the 
Gulf of Boothia. IV, MN3 

Memel. The lower part of the 
Niemen River in East Prussia. 
Ill, G8 

Memphis. (1) An ancient city, the 
capital of ancient Egypt, on the 
Nile, twelve miles S of Cairo. 
I, F3. (2) A city and river port 
in SW Tennessee. IV, M7 

Menabe. a Sakalava state in S 
Madagascar at the beginning of 
the 14th century. I, G8 

Menabe. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Menam. a river (^nam) in Siam, 
S Asia, flowing for over 750 
miles to the Gulf of Siam. II, 
L7 

Menangkabau. In central Sumatra. 

V, A3,4 

Menasir. In SE Arabia ; about lat. 
23°N, long. 54°E. II, G6 

Mende. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, As 



Menderez. (1) Ancient Maean- 
der. A river 240 miles long in 
Asia Minor, flowing from the 
Konia district to the Aegean 
Sea opposite Samos. II, DE5. 
(2) Ancient Scamander. A river 
in Asia Minor, 60 miles long, 
flowing from Mount Ida to the 
Dardanelles. II, E5 

Mendoza. a province and city in 
Argentina. VI, D6 

Menegr. = Manjarg. II, N3 

Menia. = Many ak. II, L5 

Meniak. = Manyak. II, L5 

Menieng. In E Brazil; now ex- 
tinct. VI, FG3,4 

Menkuri. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Menomeni. An Algonquian tribe 
now on the Green Bay reserva- 
tion, Wisconsin. IV, M6 

Menominee. = Menomeni, IV, M6 

Menomini. = Menomeni. IV, M6 

Mensa. In Eritrea, NE Africa. I, 
FG4 

Mentawei Island, W of central 
Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, V, 
A4 

Mentawey. In Mentawei Island, 
Dutch East Indies, V, A4 

Mentra. In the interior of the S 
part of the Malay Peninsula. 
II, L8 

Meo. = Mina, II, 16 

Meos. In Tonkin. II, L6 

Mepury. Between the N tribu- 
taries of the Rio Negro, Brazil. 
VI, D2 

Meque. A subdivision of the Moxo. 
VI, D4 

Meratha. The Arab name of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 

Merge. A priestly state in Nubia, 
between Atbara and the Nile. 
I, F4 

Mercia. An ancient kingdom in 
central England. Ill, D3 



157 



Michigan 



Merdang. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Merefah. A subdivision of the 
Beja. I, F3,4 

Mergui Archipelago. Islands to 
the SW of Burma. II, K7 

Meria. In S Rajputana, India. II, 
16 

Merimu. In central Victoria. V,E7 

Merkam. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Merkand. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Merkedes. An Arab tribe which 
became the Wahabi. II, F6 

Merovingian. Designating the first 
Frankish dynasty in Gaul, or 
France, founded about 500, and 
succeeded in 752 by the Caro- 
lingian dynasty. Ill, DE4< 

Meru. In Kenya. I, F5,6 

Mescalero. In Arizona and New 
Mexico. IV, JK7 

Meshtsheriak. In the government 
of Orenburg, Russia. Ill, K3 

Mesopotamia. A country in Asia 
between the Tigris and Euphra- 
tes rivers; 143,250 sq.mi. II, F5 

Mesquites. A tribe represented in 
the 18th century at the San An- 
tonio missions, Texas. IV, L8 

Messessague. = Misisauga. IV, M 
N5 

Meta. a river in Colombia, a 
tributary of the Orinoco. VI, C2 

Metaquica. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Metathra. The Arab name of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 

Meterri. = Tutelo. IV, N7 

Methow. A subdivision of the Sali- 
shan. IV, HJ5,6 

Metina. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Metis. A term used by the French- 
speaking population of the NW 
to designate persons of mixed 
white and Indian blood ; = "mes- 



tizo"; sometimes also spelled 
"metif." 

Metoac. A collective term embrac- 
ing the Indian tribes of Long 
Island, New York. IV, 06 

Metouali. In Palestine. II, E 5 

Mewan. In central California. IV, 
H7 

Mewati. = Mina. II, 16 

Mewuk. In California. IV, H7 

Mexico. (1) A republic in S 
North America, to the S of the 
United States; 767,198 sq.mi. 
IV, H-M8-10. (2) A state in 
the central part of Mexico. IV, 
KL9. (3) Gulf of. On the SE 
coast of North America. IV, L— 
N8,9 

Mexico City. The capital of Mexi- 
co. IV, L9 

Meynominey. = Menomeni. IV, M6 

Meyrifab. On the right bank of 
the middle Nile near the town 
of Berber. I, F4 

M/Mi. = Mbafu. I, D5 

Miami. An Algonquian tribe for- 
merly on the Miami River, Ohio. 
IV, MN7 

Miana. W of the middle Indus 
(about lat. 31 °N), India. II, I5 

Mmo. = Miao-tse. II, LM5,6 

Miao-tse. In Kuichau, E Yunnan, 
N Kwangsi, and W Hunan, 
China ; they are said to be found 
also on the upper Chientang, 
Chekiang. II, LM5,6 

Michi. On the left bank of the 
Binue, a tributary of the Niger, 
W Africa. I, C5 

Michigamea. A tribe of the Illi- 
nois confederacy. IV, M6,7 

Michigami. = Michigamea. IV, M 
6,7 

Michigan. (1) A state in N cen- 
tral United States. IV, MN6. 
(2) Lake. Between Wisconsin 
and Michigan; one of the five 
Great Lakes. IV, M6 



Michoacdn 



158 



MicHOACAN. A state in W Mexico. 
IV, K9 

Micikqwutme tunne. A subdivision 
of the Athapascan. IV, JK4 

Micmac. = Mikmak. IV, P5,6 

Mico. A tributary of the Escon- 
dido River, Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Mico. On the Rio Mico, a tribu- 
tary of the Escondido, Nica- 
ragua. IV, MlO 

Micronesia. Islands in the Pa- 
cific Ocean E of the Philippines, 
of which the chief islands and 
groups are as follows [the im- 
portant ones are in small capi- 
tals] : (V, D-Hl-4) 

1. Caroline Islands 
Amicitia I. 

Anson , 

East Faia 
Einwetoh 
Enderby Is. 
Faraulep 
Feys 

Greenwich I. 
Grimes I. 
Hall Is. 

Hogalu (Rug Is.) 
Ifalik 

luripik (Kama I.) 
Kama I. (luripik) 
Kusaie (Strong) Is. 
Mackenzie Is. (Uluthi) 
Magur 
Mokil 

Monteverde Is. (Nukuor) 
Morileu Is. 
Mortlock Is. 
Namoluk Is. 
Namonuito Is. 
Ngatik 
Ngoli 

Nukuor (Monteverde Is.) 
Oraluk 
Pakin 
Pikela 
Pilulu 
Pingelap 
Pisards 
Ponape 
Pugelug 
Pulusuk . 

Rug (Hogalu) Is. 
Seniavina Is. 
Sorol I. 



Strong (Kusaie) Is. 

Ujelang 

Uluthi (Mackenzie Is.) 

"West Faiu 

Wolea 

Yap I. 

2. Gilbert Islands 

Apaiang (Charlotte I.) 
Apamama (Hopper I.) 
Aranuka (Henderville I.) 
Arorai (Hurd I.) 
Byron I. (Nukunau) 
Charlotte I. (Apaiang) 
Clerk I. (Onoatoa) 
Cook I. (Tarawa) 
Drummond I. (Taputeuea) 
Francis I. (Peru) 
Hall I. (Maiana) 
Henderville I. (Aranuka) 
Hopper I. (Apamama) 
Hurd I. (Arorai) 
Kuria (Woodle I.) 
Maiana (Hall I.) 
Makin (Pitt I.) 
Maraki (Matthew I.) 
Matthew I. (Maraki) 
Nonuti (Sydenham I.) 
Nukunau (Byron I.) 
Onoatoa (Clerk I.) 
Peru (Francis I.) 
Pitt I. (Makin) 
Rotcher I. (Tamana) 
Sydenham I. (Nonuti) 
Tamana (Rotcher I.) 
Taputeuea (Drummond I.) 
Tarawa (Cook I.) 
Taritari (Touching I.) 
Touching I. (Taritari) 
Woodle I. (Kuria) 

3. Ladrones (see Mariana Is.) 

4. Lord North I. 

5. Los Jardines 

6. Marcus I. 

7. Mariana Islands 

Agrigan I. 

Aguijau I. 

Almagan I. 

Anataxan I. 

Assumption I. 

Bird I. (FarallondeMedinilla) 

FarallondeMedinilla(Bird I.) 

Farallon de Pajaros 

Guajan (Guam) I. 

Guam (Guajan) I. 

Guguan I. 

Pagan I. 

Rata (Rota) I. 

Rota (Rata) I. 

Saipan I. 



159 



Milan 



Sariguan I. 
Tinian I. 
Urracas 

8. Mariere 

9. Marshall Islands 

Ailinginae Is. 

Ailuk I. 

Arrowsmith I. (Majuro) 

Aur (Ibbetson I.) 

Baring I. (Namorik) 

Bikini (Eschholtz I.) 

Bonham I. (Jaluit) 

Boston I. (Ebon) 

Brikub I. 

Calvert I. (Maloelab) 

Ebon (Boston I.) 

Elizabeth Is. 

Elmore (Odia) 

Eschholtz I. (Bikini) 

Hunter I. (Kili) 

Ibbetson I. (Aur) 

Jabwat 

Jaluit (Bonham I.) 

Jemo I. 

Katherine Is. (Ujae) 

Kili (Hunter I.) 

Kutusof (Utirik) 

Kwajalong (Montschikof Is.) 

Lae Is. 

Lakunor I. 

Lib (Lip I.) 

Likieb I. 

Lip I. (Lib) 

Majuro (Arrowsmith I.) 

Maloelab (Calvert I.) 

Mejit (New Year I.) 

Mille (Mulgrave Is.) 

Montschikof Is. (Kwajalong) 

Mulgrave Is. (Mille) 

Musquillo Is. (Namu) 

Namorik (Baring I.) 

Namu (Musquillo Is.) 

New Year I. (Mejit) 

Odia (Elmore) 

Romanzof Is. (Wotje) 

Rongelab 

Rongerik Is. 

Schanz I. (Wotthe) 

Suvarof (Taka) 

Taka (Suvarof) 

Ujae (Katherine Is.) 

Utirik (Kutusof) 

Wotje (Romanzof Is.) 

Wotthe (Schanz I.) 

10. Parece Vela 

11. Pelew (Pelau) Islands 

12. Pulo Anna 

13. Radak (Ratak) Chaik 

14. Ralick (Ralik) Chain 



16. Ralik (Ralick) Chain 

16. Ratak (Radak) Chain 

17. St. Augustine 

18. St. David I. 

19. Sonserol Is. 

20. Taongi 

21. Wake I. 

Micronesian. A collective name 
for the natives of Micronesia. 
V, D-Hl-4 

Mida. = Kubu. V, A4 

Middle Andaman. The central is- 
land of the Andaman Islands, 
Bay of Bengal. II, K7 

Middle Congo. A division of 
French Equatorial Africa. I, 
D5,6 

Middle Horde. A subdivision of 
the Kirghiz-Kazak living W of 
the Irtysh River/W Siberia. II, 
HIS 

Midgan. A hunting tribe in So- 
maliland. I, G5 

Midsi. = Michi. I, C5 

Miguiana. A subdivision of the 
Llameo. VI, C3 

Miguri. In N Colombia. VI, C2 

Mije. In central Oajaca, Mexico. 
IV, L9 

Mijjerthain. E of Berbera, a sea- 
port of Somaliland, Africa. I, 
G4,5 

Mikir. In Mov7gong, a district in 
central Assam, India. II, K6 

Mikmak. An important Algon- 
quian tribe in N Nevp Bruns- 
vrick. Nova Scotia, and Prince 
Edward Island, Canada. IV, 
P5,6 

Mikono tunne. On the Siletz res- 
ervation, Oregon. IV, H6 

Mikri. A subdivision of the Kurds. 
II, F5 

Mikringa. A subdivision of the 
Jalin, I, F4 

Milan. (In Italian, Milano). A 
province and city of Lombardy, 
N Italy. Ill, E4, 



Milanau 



160 



Milanau. On the seacoast of Sara- 
wak, Borneo. V, B3 

Miletus. A ruined city, on the W 
coast of Asia Minor. II, D5 

Millanow. = Mi\anau. V, B3 

Millikin. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Milne Bay. At the E tip of New 
Guinea. V, F5 

Milo. = Melos. Ill, G5 

Milpulko. On the right side of 
the Darling River, and W of 
the Naualko tribe. New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Miltu. On the Shari River, SE of 
Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Mimi. In N Wadai, Africa. I, D 
E4 

Mina. On the headwaters of the 
Luni River, Rajputana, India. 
II, 16 

Minaeans. An Arabian people liv- 
ing in the 1st century B.C. on 
the E shore of the Red Sea. II, 
EF6,7 

Minahasa. In NE Celebes. V, C3 

Minanghabau. = Menangkabau. V, 
A3,4 

Minas Geraes. An inland state, E 
Brazil. VI, F4,5 

Mmcopi. = Andamanese. II, K7 

Mindanao. A large island in the 
S Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Mindanao. = Maguindanao. V, C3 

MiNDORO. An island in the central 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Mmef aree. = Minitaree. IV, K6 

Ming. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 
II, H4,5 

Mingo. A name applied in various 
forms by the Delawares and 
affiliated tribes to the Iroquois 
and cognate tribes, and more 
particularly used during the late 
colonial period by the Ameri- 
cans to designate a detached 
band of Iroquois who had left 
the villages of the main body 



before 1750 and formed new 
settlements in Pennsylvania, or 
the upper Ohio River, in the 
neighborhood of the Shawnee, 
Delawares, and neighboring 
tribes. IV, N6 

Mingreli. In the W part of the 
Caucasus. Ill, J4 

Afin^reZian*. = Mingreli. Ill, J4 

MiNHo. (1) A river in Spain and 
Portugal, 171 miles long, flow- 
ing from Galicia province to the 
Atlantic Ocean. Ill, D4. (2) A 
province in NW Portugal. Ill, 
D4 

Minianka. A branch of the Siena. 
I, B4 

Miniconjou. A division of the Te- 
ton Sioux in South Dakota. IV, 
KL6 

M inik any e.^Miniconj on. IV, KL6 

Mining. N of Port Eucla, South 
Australia. V, C7 

Minitaree. On the Fort Berthold 
reservation. North Dakota. IV, 
K6 

Minjar. A subdivision of the Ora- 
on. II, IJ6 

Min-kia-tze. In central and SE 
Yunnan, China. II, L6 

Minnesota. A state in N central 
United States. IV, L6 

Minnetari. = Minitaree. IV, K6 

Minorca. One of the Balearic Is- 
lands, E of Spain, in the Medi- 
terranean. Ill, E5 

Minsi. The Lenape Indians of E 
Canada. IV, N06 

Minsk. A government in W Rus- 
sia. Ill, G3 

Minf fm. = Mentra. II, L8 

Mmira. = Mentra. II, L8 

Minuane. In E Uruguay; now ex- 
tinct. VI, E6 

Minung. On King George's Sound 
in the SW corner of Western 
Australia. V, B7 

Minungo. On the upper Kwango, 



161 



Miztec 



a tributary of the Kassai, Af- 
rica. I, D6,7 

Mipacma. In NE California. IV^ 
H6 

Miranha. Between the Yapura and 
the Putumayo, upper branches 
of the Amazon. VI, C3 

iWiram. = Sherani. II, 15 

Mirdites. A subdivision of the Al- 
banians. Ill, FG4 

Miri, ( 1 ) A subdivision of the Mi- 
lanau. V, B3. (2) In N Assam, 
India. II, K6 

Miriti. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Mirzi. = Zvaarai. II, 16 

Misalamagun. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

MiSAMis. A province in Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

MishikJinmtmetunne. An Athapas- 
can tribe formerly occupying 
villages in SW Oregon. IV, H6 

Mishimi. = M\s\am. II, K6 

MisioNEs. A territory in NE Ar- 
gentina. VI, E5 

MiszsaM^o. = Missisauga. IV, N6 

M worOKgo. = Mussurongo, I, D6 

Mission Indians.=Chmnashan fam- 
ily. IV, H7 

Missisauga. An Algonquian tribe 
(or division of the Chippewa) 
on the N shore of Lake Huron. 
IV, N6 

Mississippi. (1) A river in central 
United States, about 2,500 miles 
long, flowing from Minnesota 
to the Gulf of Mexico. IV, L 
M6-8. (2) A state in S cen- 
tral United States. IV, M7,8 

Missouri. (1) A river in the 
United States, about 3,000 miles 
long, flowing from the Rocky 
Mountains to the Mississippi 
River. IV, J-M5-7. (2) A state 
in central United States. IV, L 
M6,7 

Missouri. A tribe of the Chiwere 



group of the Siouan family in 
Missouri and Iowa. IV, LM6,7 

Mistassin. An Algonquian tribe 
living on Lake Mistassini, Que- 
bec. IV, 05 

Mistaviinut. A subdivision of the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Mita. (1) On Milne Bay, British 
New Guinea. V, F5. (2) On the 
lower Klamath River, N Cali- 
fornia. IV, H6 

Mitahoodi. In the Cloncurry Dis- 
trict, NW Queensland. V, E6 

Mitandue. Near the Tapajos, Bra- 
zil. VI, E3 

Mitanni. An invading people in 
the N part of Mesopotamia. II, 
F5 

Mitchell. (1) Group. In the El- 
lice Islands, W Polynesia. V, 
H4. (2) River. In N Queens- 
land. V, E5 

Miten. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Mitoam Kai Porno. On the W 
coast of California. IV, H7 

Mz«oo. = Mittu. I, F5 

Mittu. W of the Bahr-el-Jebel 
(about lat. 5°N), the upper 
part of the Nile, and SE of the 
Bongo tribe. I, F5 

Mitua. On Lake Inirida, Colom- 
bia. VI, C2 

Mimok. In central California, com- 
prisingtwenty-threesmall tribes ; 
a division of the Moquelumnan 
Family. IV, H7 

Mixes. In the E part of Oajaca, 
Mexico. IV, L9 

Mixteca. = Miztec. IV, L9 

Mixtecs. = Miztec. IV, L9 

MiYAGi. A former province in Ja- 
pan. II, 05 

Mzari. = Zmarai. II, 16 

Miztec. In W Oajaca and the ad- 
jacent part of Guerrero, Mexi- 
co. IV, L9 



Mkamba 



162 



Mkamha. An individual of the 
Akamba. I, F6 

Mkikuyu. An individual of the 
Wakikuyu. I, ¥5,6 

Mo. A subdivision of the Moxo. 
VI, D4 

MoAB. An ancient kingdom in 
Syria, E of the Dead Sea. II, 
E5 

Moabites. An ancient tribe who 
lived at the SE end of the 
Dead Sea, Palestine.' II, E5 

Moama. At the junction of the 
Goulburn and Murray rivers, 
N Victoria. V, E7 

Moatatunga. On the SE coast of 
South Australia. V, D7 

Moatcaht. = M.owfa.ch.aX. IV, G5 

Moa«a. = Mavratta. V, E4 

MoBANGE River, One of the 
branches of the Congo ; a bound- 
ary between French Equatorial 
Africa and the Belgian Congo; 
more frequently called Ubangi. 
I, D5 

Mo66a. = Maba. I, DE4 

Mobile. A city and port in SW 
Alabama. IV, M8 

Mo6iZmre. = Muskoki. IV, MN7,8 

Mobima. On the Rio Mamore, a 
tributary of the Madeira, Bo- 
livia. VI, D4 

M obuma.= Wahuma. I, D6 

Mocarango. = Mak.alaka. I, E7 

Mocetene. = Mosetene. VI, D4 

Mocha. A seaport of S Yemen, 
Arabia, on the Red Sea. II, F7 

Moc/izca. = Chimu. VI, BC3 

Mochovo. A subdivision of the 
Pirro. VI, C4 

Mocoa. On the upper Yapura, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Mocobi. In the Gran Chaco, Ar- 
gentina. VI, D5 

Mocorito. In Sonora and Sinaloa, 
Mexico. IV, J 8 

Mocovi. = Mocobi. VI, D5 



Moctobi. A small (Siouan?) tribe 
formerly residing in S Missis- 
sippi. IV, M8 

Mocwana. An individual of the 
Becwana (Bechuana). I, E8 

Modoc. A Lutuamian tribe in SW 
Oregon. IV, H6 

MoERo, Lake. SW of Lake Tan- 
ganyika, Africa. I, E6 

Moesia. An ancient country and 
Roman province in SE Europe. 
Ill, G4 

Mogod. In N Tunisia, Africa. I, 
CD2 

Mogogodo. In Kenya. I, ¥5,6 

Mogollon. A subdivision of the S 
Athapascan. IV, JK5 

Mogualla. Between the Rubi and 
the Aruwimi, tributaries of the 
Congo. I, E5 

Moguexe. On the W slope of the 
Cordillera, Colombia. VI, C2 

Mogullum-bitch. On the Ovens, 
an upper branch of the Mur- 
ray, NE Victoria. V, E7 

Mohave. The most populous and 
warlike of the Yuman tribes; 
on both banks of the lower Colo- 
rado River, Arizona. IV, J7 

Mohawk, The most E tribe of the 
Iroquois confederation; former- 
ly on the Mohawk River, New 
York; now in Ontario. IV, N06 

Mohegan. An Algonquian tribe 
whose chief seat appears origi- 
nally to have been on the 
Thames River, Connecticut. IV, 
06 

Mo^zcare. = Mahican. IV, 06 

Mohmand. Between the Kabul and 
the Swat, tributaries of the up- 
per Indus, India. II, I5,6 

Mohongia. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Moi. A name for tribes living scat- 
tered over the table-lands of 
French Indo-China. II, L7 

Moima. On the Rio Mamore, a 



163 



Mongolians 



tributary of the Madeira, Bo- 
livia. VI, D4 

MoissAC. A town in Tarn-et- 
Garonne, France. Ill, E4 

Mojo. = Moxo. VI, D4 

Mok. Between the Dinka and Bon- 
go tribes, Africa. I, EF5 

Mokaburra. In E Queensland. V, 
EF6 

Mokelumni. In central California. 
IV, H7 

MokL = Hopi. IV, J7 

Moko. On the Cross River, E of 
the Niger River, Africa. I, C5 

Molala. A Waiilatpuan tribe form- 
ing the W division of that fam- 
ily ; in Washington and Oregon. 
IV, H6 

Molale. = M.o\a\a.. IV, H6 

Moldavia. A division of Rumania, 
in the NE part. Ill, G4 

MoZeZe. = Molala. IV, H6 

Molo. In E New South Wales. V, 
F7 

MoLOKAi. An island in the Hawai- 
ian Islands; a leper colony. V, 
LI 

MoLOPO. A tributary of the Or- 
ange River in Bechuanaland, 
South Africa. I, E8 

Molossians. An ancient tribe of 
Epirus, N Greece. Ill, G5 

MoLuccAN Archipelago. Islands 
between Celebes and New Guin- 
ea. V, CD3,4 

Moluccas. = Moluccan Archi- 
pelago. V, CD3,4 

Moluches. Native name of the 
Araucanians. VI, C6 

MoLUKKAs. = Moluccas. V, CD3,4 

Mombasa. An island and seaport 
town in Kenya, E Africa. I, F6 

Momhuttu. (l) = Monbuttu. I, E5. 
(2) = Momfu. I, E5 

Momfu. On the Bomokandi, an up- 
per branch of the Welle River 
(a tributary of the Ubangi), 
NW of the Albert Nyanza, cen- 



tral Africa ; called also Mom- 
buttu, who must not be con- 
founded with the Monbuttu or 
Mombuttu. I, E5 

Momuoo. = Momfu. I, E5 

MomwM. = Momfu. I, E5 

Mon. ( 1 ) One of the native names 
of the Miao-tse. II, LM5,6. (2) 
= Talaing. II, K7 

Monacan. A tribe and confederacy 
of Virginia in the 17th century. 
IV, N7 

Monbotto. = MonhvLttn. I, E5 

MoMfew^oo. = Monbuttu. I, E5 

Monbuttu. On the S bank of the 
Kibili, an upper branch of the 
Welle River (a tributary of the 
Ubangi), NW of the Albert Ny- 
anza, central Africa. I, E5 

Monfu. = Momin. I, E5 

Mongelima. In the Belgian Congo, 
Africa. I, E6 

Mong-hwa. In the NW part of 
Yunnan, China. II, L6 

MoNGo. A stream in Cameroon, W 
Africa. I, D5 

Mongo. = Bololo. I, DE5,6 

Mongol. (1) In Mongolia. II, K- 
M4. (2) A collective name for 
peoples living in Mongolia, Zun- 
garia, the region around Lake 
Baikal, the country lying be- 
tween the lower parts of the 
Volga and the Don in Russia; 
of which the chief divisions are 
Buriat, Kalmuck, and Mongol, 
1. The form Mongolian is also 
used. II, J-N3,4; III, J3,4 

Mongolia. A dependency of Chi- 
na. II, J-N3-5 

Mongolians. = Mongol, 2. The term 
is frequently used as a collec- 
tive name for nearly all the in- 
habitants of Asia, as well as 
the peoples of N Russia, Hun- 
gary, and Turkey, excluding the 
Aryan and Semitic peoples in 
SW Asia. 



Mongoyo 



164 



Mongoyo. In Bahia, Brazil, VI, 
G4 

Mong-wu. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Monhegan. = Mohegan. IV, 06 

Mono. In central California. IV, 
H7 

MoNOMOTAPA. A former state S 
of the Zambesi, Africa. I, EF7 

MoNSEMBE. A town in the upper 
Congo region, Africa. I, E6 

Monsoni. An Algonquian tribe 
around James Bay, Canada. IV, 
N5 

Montagnais. (1) A division of the 
Algonquians on the left bank of 
the St. Lawrence River, Quebec. 
IV, 05,6. (2) A division of the 
Athapascan in the Rocky Moun- 
tains, Canada. IV, JK5 

Montagnards. A subdivision of 
the Athapascan. IV, J5 

Montana. A state in NW United 
States. IV, JK5,6 

Montaraz. A collective name for 
the mountain peoples of the 
Philippine Islands. V, C2,3 

Montauk. A term that has been 
used in different senses, some- 
times limited to the particular 
band or tribe known by this 
name, but in a broader sense in- 
cluding most of the tribes of 
Long Island, excepting those 
about the W end. IV, 06 

Montenegrins. The natives of 
Montenegro. Ill, F4 

Montenegro. A former kingdom 
in the N W Balkans ; now a part 
of Jugoslavia. Ill, F4 

Monterey. ( 1 ) A city in W Cali- 
fornia, formerly its capital. IV, 
H7. (2) A city in Nuevo Leon, 
Mexico. IV, K8 

Montese. The Spanish name for 
the Bukidnone. V, C3 

Montesino. = Montaraz. V, C2,3 



Montreal. A city and port in S 
Quebec, on the St. Lawrence 
River ; the chief city of Canada. 
IV, 06 

Montserrat. An island in the 
British Leeward Islands, West 
Indies. IV, OlO (inset) 

Monulgunditch. In central Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Monumbo. In E New Guinea. V, 
E4, 

Moocherah. In SW Victoria. V, 
E7 

Mooloola. In SE Queensland. V, 
F6 

Moomoo. On the E coast of Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Moors. Along the Mediterranean 
coast of Africa; applied espe- 
cially to the dwellers in the 
cities. I, B-F2 

Mopan. = Manche. IV, M9 

Mopgha. In Tenasserim, Burma. 

II, K7 

Moplah. = Mappila. II, 17 
Moporh. In W Victoria. V, E7 
Moquelumnan Family. A linguis- 
tic family consisting of the Mi- 
wok, the so-called Olamentke, 
and the N Moquelumnan, cen- 
tral California. IV, H7 
Moqui. = Hopi. IV, J7 
Momn. = Maran. II, K6 
Moravia. A former crownland of 
Austria, now in Czechoslovakia. 

III, F4 

Moravians. Mahican, Munsee, and 
Delaware Indians who followed 
the teachings of the Moravian 
brethren and were by them 
gathered into villages apart 
from their tribes. The majority 
were Munsee. IV, N06 
Morcote. In central Colombia. VI, 

C2 
Mor^/t^a. = Mordvins. Ill, J3 
Mordvinians. = Mordvins. Ill, J3 
Mordvins. In the governments of 



165 



Motori 



Pensa, Simbirsk, SaratoflF, and 
Nizhni-Novgorod, Russia. Ill, 
J3 

MoREA. Ancient Peloponnesus ; the 
S peninsula of Greece, 160 miles 
long, 100 miles wide. Ill, G5 

MoRELos. A state in S Mexico. 
IV, L9 

Moresby Strait. E of New Guin- 
ea. V, F4,5 

MoRETON Island. OflP the SE 
coast of Queensland. V, F6 

Moriori. In the Chatham Island, 
E of New Zealand. V, J 8 

Moriscos. Moors residing in Spain. 
Ill, DE4,5 

Morlahs. In Dalmatia, Jugo- 
slavia. Ill, F4< 

Moro. In S Palawan, Balabec, 
Sulu Islands, and on the W and 
S coasts of Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, BC2,3 

Morocco. A sultanate in NW Af- 
rica; 240,165 sq.mi. I, AB2,3 

Morochuco. In the department of 
Ayacucho, S Peru. VI, C4 

MoRO Island. In the Philippine 
Islands. V, C2 

MoRONA. A tributary of the upper 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Morona. A subdivision of the Ji- 
varo. VI, C3 

Moropa. On the Rio Mamore, a 
tributary of the Madeira, Bo- 
livia. VI, D4 

Moroqueni. On the Yapura, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
CDS 

Morotoca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito; now nearly extinct. 
VI, DE4 

MoROTO River. E of the Albert 
Nyanza, central Africa. I, F5 

Morrope. N of Lambayeque, a 
town of the department of Lam- 
bayeque, NW Peru. VI, BC3 

MoRTLocK Islands. In Micro- 



nesia, S of the Caroline Islands. 
V, F3 

Moru. On the Jei (about lat. 5° 
N), a tributary of the Bahr-el- 
Jebel, the upper part of the 
Nile. I, F5 

MoRucA. A river in Guiana, South 
America. VI, E2 

Mosco. In Nicaragua. IV, MNlO 

Moscow. A large city (the capi- 
tal) of (Soviet) Russia. Ill, 
H3 

Mose. = Mosil I, BC4 

Mosellemah. A subdivision of the 
Jalin. I, F4 

Mosetene. = L.eco. VI, D4 

Mosgu. = Musgu. I, D4 

Mosii. On the upper White Volta, 
W Africa. I, BC4 

Mo-So. On the Li-Kiang plain in 
N Yunnan, SW China. II, L6 

Mosquera. A subdivision of the 
Moguexe. VI, C2 

Mosquito. On the Mosquito coast, 
Nicaragua. IV, MNlO 

Mosquito Territory. Along the 
coast of the Caribbean Sea in 
E Nicaragua. IV, MNlO 

Mossi. A native kingdom S of the 
bend of the Niger, W Africa. I, 
BC4 

Mossi. = Mosii. I, BC4 

Mo-**o. = Mo-So. II, L6 

Mo-*M. = Mo-So. II, L6 

Mosul. A district and town in 
Mesopotamia. II, F5 

Mota. An island of the New Heb- 
rides, Melanesia. V, G5 

Motilone. (1) Near the Zulia Riv- 
er, NW Venezuela. VI, CD2. 
(2) On the Huallaga, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon ; they 
are probably the same as the 
Lamistas tribe. VI, C3 

Motori. On the upper Yenisei 
(about lat. 55°N) ; now extinct.? 
II, K3 



Mo-ts'a 



166 



Mo-ts'a. In the W part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Motsai. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche. IV, KL7 

Motu. Near Port Moresby, British 
New Guinea. V, E4 

Motu-Motu. Along the Gulf of 
Papua, British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Moundan. S of Lake Chad, Af- 
rica. I, D4 

Mountain Damara. = Haukoin. I, 
D8 

Mount Ernest Island. In Torres 
Strait. V, E5 

Movima. = M.ohima. VI, D4 

Moviza. = Babisa. I, F7 

Mowachat. = 'Nootka. IV, GS 

Mowat. = Mawatta. V, E4 

Mowenda. An individual of the 
Bawenda. I, EF7 

MowGONG. A district in central 
Assam, India. II, K6 

Moxo. On the Rio Mamore and the 
Beni (upper branches of the 
Madeira), Bolivia. VI, D4 

Moy. = Moi. II, L7 

Mo-yao. = Pan-y-shan-tze. II, L6 

Mozambique. (1) The N province 
of Portuguese East Africa, 
from the Zambesi River N to 
Cape Delgado; also its capital 
on an Island in Mozambique 
Channel. I, FG7. (2) Channel. 
950 miles long, separating Mad- 
agascar from Africa proper. I, 
FG7,8 

MozEMA. A village in Assam, NE 
India. II, K6 

Mpangme. The Mpongwe name 
for the Fan. I, CD 5,6 

Mpo. In Arakan, Burma. II, K6 

Mpongwe. Between the Gabun 
and the lower Ogowe rivers, W 
Africa; they are to be distin- 
guished from the Mpangwe or 
Fan. I, CD5,6 

Mramma. = Burmese. II, K6,7 



Mro. On the Arakan Yoma ranges, 

Burma. II, K7 
Mru. In SE India. II, I7,8 
MMa«. = Kurku. II, 16 
Mu-chi. In SE Yunnan, China. II, 

L6 
Muclaht. A subdivision of the Aht. 

IV, G5 

Muco. An upper branch of the 
Orinoco, in Colombia. VI, C2 

Muco. On the Apoporis, a tribu- 
tary of the Yapura River, Co- 
lombia. VI, C2 

Mucura. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Mudhurra. In North Australia. V, 
D5 

Muddy Creek. The name of 
streams in Colorado, Missis- 
sippi, Montana (2), Nebraska, 
North Dakota, Pennsylvania 
(2), Utah, Wyoming (2), Can- 
ada. IV 

Mug. The Bengali name for the 
Rakhaingtha. II, K7 

Muganda. = Baganda. I, F5 

Mugem. a village on the Tagus 
River, Spain. Ill, D5 

Muhammadah. A subdivision of 
the Jalin. I, F4 

Muhammadzai. In the district of 
Peshawar, Panjab, India. II, I5 

Muhaneha. = Banhaneka. I, D7 

MwHraa. = Bahima. I, EF6 

Muhso. In the Shan States, Bur- 
ma. II, K6 

Muhumba. = 'Bankmnhi. I, D7 

Muinbura. S of the Pukanbura 
tribe, and SW of the Wurubura 
tribe, E Queensland. V, EF6 

Muiza. = Babisa. I, F7 

Muha Milanau. A subdivision of 
the Milanau. V, B3,4 

Muhhhal. = M.aWiha\. II, 15 

Mukjaramaint. In SW Victoria. 

V, E7 

Mukkuvan. In Cochin, S India. 
II, 17 



167 



Murih 



Mula. A subdivision of the Wa- 

kamba. I, F6 
MuLGRAVE Islands. In Torres 

Strait^ N of Queensland. V, E6 
Muli. A subdivision of the Wa- 

kamba. I, F6 
MuUarra. On the upper Sandford, 

a tributary of the Murchison 

River^ Western Australia. V, 

B6 
Mulluk. On the Siletz reservation, 

Oregon. IV, H6 
Mullungkill. In W Victoria. V, E7 
Multnoma. Formerly in Oregon; 

now extinct? IV, H6 
Mumhelunh. In W Victoria. V, E7 
Mun. One of the native names of 

the Miao-tse. II, LM5,6 
MM«aM(ie. = Banande. I, E5 
Munda. In the central part of 

Chota Nagpur, India. II, IJ6 
Mundainhura. In SE Queensland. 

V, EF6 
Munda-Kol. = Mnndiai. II, IJ6 
Mundami. A subdivision of the 

Kurds. II, F5 
Mundari. = Munda. II, IJ6 
Mundo. A small tribe who call 

themselves Babuckur ; between 

the Bongo and Niam-Niam 

tribes. I, E5 
Mundombe. = Bandombe. I, D7 
Mundos. In the islands of Panay 

and Cebu, Philippine Islands. 

V, C2 
Mundrucu. On the lower Tapajos, 

Brazil. VI, E3 
Mundu. On the Bomokandi, an up- 
per branch of the Welle River 

(a tributary of the Ubangi), 

central Africa. I, E5 
Mungarai. In North Australia. V, 

D5 
MuNGERANiE DISTRICT. A region 

in central Australia. V, D6 
Munhaneka. = M\ihaneka. I, D7 
Muniche. On the Huallaga, a 



tributary of the upper Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Munkibura. W of the Belyando 
River, E Queensland. V, E6 

Munmulla. Between the Margaret 
and Denham rivers, NW Aus- 
tralia. V, B6 

Munsee. One of the three princi- 
pal divisions of the Delawares, 
occupying the headwaters of 
the Delaware River in New 
York, New Jersey, and Penn- 
sylvania. IV, 06 

Munshi, In N Nigeria. I, C4 

Munyabura. In SE Queensland. 
V, EF6 

Munyoro. An individual of the 
Banyoro. I, F6 

Muois. A subdivision of the Guay- 
mi. IV, NIO 

Muong. In Tonkin, French Indo- 
China. II, L6 

Muppa, or Muppan. In Malabar, 
a district of Madras, India. II, 
17,8 

Mura. In the low marshy country 
on the Madeira and Purus, N 
central Brazil. VI, D3 

Murato. Between the Pastassa and 
the Morona (tributaries of the 
upper Amazon), Ecuador. VI, 
C3 

Murawari. In New South Wales. 

V, E7 

MuRCHisoN. A river in Western 

Australia. V, B6 
MuRciA. A province in SE Spain. 

Ill, D5 
Mure. A subdivision of the Moxo. 

VI, D4 

Muri. S of the Binue, a tributary 
of the Niger, W Africa. I, C5 

Muriate. On the Putumayo, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Murik. On the Baram River, N 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, C3 



Murire 



168 



Murire. A subdivision of the Guay- 
mi. IV, NIO 

MuRMAN Coast. The Arctic coast 
of Russia, W of the White Sea. 
Ill, H2 

Murmansi. A mixed people of 
Russians, Karelians, and Lapps 
in Russian Lapland. Ill, H2 

Murnii. In N Nepal. II, J6 

Murmu. In Baghalpur, a division 
of Bengal, India. II, J 6 

Murpachi. = MuTpasi. 11; IJ6 

Murpasi. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Murra-Murra-harap. In NW Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Murray Island. In Torres Strait, 
N of Queensland. V, E5 

Murray River. The chief river of 
Australia, between Victoria and 
New South Wales, and flowing 
into Lake Alexandrina in South 
Australia, 1,520 miles. V, DE7 

Murring. A coast tribe in New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Murrumbidgee. a river in New 
South Wales, 1,350 miles long, 
flowing into the Murray River. 
V, E7 

Murrumningama. On the Conda- 
mine River, SE Queensland. V, 
F6 

Muruam. A former Texas tribe of 
the San Antonio Mission. IV, 
L8 

Murubura. In Great Sandy Is- 
land, Queensland. V, F6 

Murut. In the country between the 
Limbang and Padas rivers, N 
Borneo. V, B3 

Murut Bah. A subdivision of the 
Murut. V, B3 

Murut Main. A subdivision of the 
Murut. V, B3 

Musahat. In Kordofan, Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan. I, EF4 

Musahar. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, HI5 



Musa Khel. In Dera Ghazi Khan, 
a district of the Panjab, India. 
11,16 

Muscogee. = Muskoki. IV, MN7,8 

Muscovy. An old name for Russia. 
Ill, G-Ll-5 

Musehu. = Musgu. I, D4 

MM«er6of . = Musabat. I, EF4 

Musgoo. = Musgu. I, D4 

Musgu. On the Logone, a tribu- 
tary of the Shari, SE of Lake 
Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Musliihongo. = Bakongo. I, D6 

Mushilange. The singular form of 
Bashilange. I, E6 

Mushirongo. = Mnssurongo. I, D6 

Musimba. = Bashimba. I, D7 

Muskhogean Family. An impor- 
tant linguistic stock, compris- 
ing the Creek, Choctaw, Chicka- 
saw, Seminole, and other tribes, 
in the Gulf States E of the 
Mississippi. IV, MN7,8 

Muskhogee. = Mnskoki. IV, MN7, 
8 

Muskoki. Formerly in the greater 
part of Alabama and Georgia ; 
the Muskoki proper are called 
Creek. IV, MN7,8 

Mm*o. = Musur. II, L6 

Musoga. = Basoga. I, F5 

Musos. Formerly on the E side of 
the Magdalena, Colombia; now 
extinct. VI, C2 

Musquakie. = Fox. IV, M6 

Mussurongo. On both banks of 
the lower Congo. I, D6 

MusTAGH. Himalayan mountain 
range (tagK) in Kashmir. II, 
15 

Musu. = Moxo. VI, D4. 

Musur. Originally in NW Yun- 
nan, China; now settled in N 
Siam. II, L6 

Musurongo. = Mussurongo. I, D6 

Mutabura. In the country west- 
ward of the Belyando River, E 
Queensland. V, E6 



169 



Nadowesi 



Mutandi. In Portuguese East Af- 
rica. I, F7j8 

Mutangwa. A subdivision of the 
Akamba. I, F6 

Mutei. NW of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F5,6 

Muiherahura. E of the Belyando 
River, E Queensland. V, E6 

Muthi-muthi. E of the Ta-tathi 
tribe in New South Wales. V, 
E7 

Mutonia. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Mu-tse. Originally in S Yunnan, 
China; now settled in the Mu- 
ong Lim territory, N Indo- 
China. II, L6 

Mutuani. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Muturicu. = Mundrncxi. VI, E3 

Mu-ua. In W Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Muysca. The Spanish name for 
the Chibcha. VI, C2 

Muzo. = Mo-So. II, L6 

MwsfOMr. = Musur. II, L6 

Mwanziu. A subdivision of the 
Wakamba. I, F6 

MweZe. = Bakoko. I, D5 



Mweombi. A subdivision of the 
Wakamba. I, F6 

MwERU. A lake, 80 miles long, in 
the Belgian Congo and North- 
ern Rhodesia. I, E6 

Mweru. = Meru. I, ¥5,6 

Mwimhe. In Kenya. I, F5,6 

Myappe. On the Cloncurry River, 
N Queensland. V, E5 

Mycenae. A ruined city of Ar- 
golis, Greece. Ill, G5 

Mycoolon. Along the SE shore 
of the Gulf of Carpentaria, 
Queensland. V, E5 

Mygoodano. On the Leichhardt 
and Gregory rivers, N Queens- 
land. V, E5 

Myong. = Moi. II, L7 

Mysia. An ancient country in NW 
Asia Minor. II, D4,5 

Mysore. A native state in S India, 
II, 17 

Mythuggadi. On the upper Clon- 
curry River, N Queensland. V, 
E5 

Mytilene. Ancient Lesbos; a 
Greek island in the Aegean Sea, 
off the NW coast of Asia Minor. 
II, D5 



J\l aas. = Nasqa. IV, G5 

iVabflwiac^. = Nabedache. IV, L7 

Nabataeans. An Arabian people 
living in the second century to 
the SE of Palestine. II, E5 

Nahayugane. In the province of 
Cagayan, Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Nabdam. In N Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Nabedache. One of the twelve or 
more tribes of the Hasinai, or 
S Caddo, confederacy; in NW 
Texas. IV, L7 

Nachi. Formerly in SW Missis- 
sippi. IV, M7,8 

Nacogdoche. A tribe of the Hasi- 



nai confederacy of Texas, in 
NE Texas. IV, L7 
Nacono. One of the tribes of the 
Hasinai, or S Caddo, confed- 
eracy, in E Texas. IV, L7 
iVacooA;. = Saugehan. IV, 06 
Nacotah. = 'Dakota. IV, KL5,6 
Nadaahu. A subdivision of the 

Caddo. IV, L7 
Nadche. = Nachi. IV, M7,8 
Nadiisha-dena. In Oklahoma ; 
commonly known as Kiowa 
Apache. IV, L7 
Nadowa. = l^ottoway. IV, N7 
Nadomesi. The Algonquian name 
for the Dakota. IV, KL5,6 



Nadroga 



170 



Nagesar 



Nadroga. A subdivision of the 

Fijians. V, H5 
Nafiab. A subdivision of the Beja. 

I, F3,4 

Naga. In the Naga Hills, Assam. 

II, K6 

Naga Hills. In the E part of As- 
sam, India. II, K6 

Nagailer. = Tacul\i. IV, H5 

Nagbangsi. In Udaipur, Sirguja, 
and Jashpur, of Chota Nagpur, 
Bengal, India. II, IJ6 
Kisan. II, IJ6 

Nago. The French name for all 
the tribes speaking Yoruba on 
the Slave Coast, W Africa. I, 
C5 

Nagrandan. = Suhtiaha. IV, MlO 

NaguateB. = lSi achi. IV, M7,8 

Nahane. An Athapascan division 
occupying the region of the 
British Columbia and Yukon 
territory between the Coast 
Range and the Rocky Moun- 
tains. IV, FG3,4 

Nahar. In Dera Ghazi Khan dis- 
trict and Khetran Hills, Pan- 
jab, India. II, I5,6 

Nahauni. On the Stickine and Tal- 
ton rivers, Alaska. IV, F4 

Nahua. From the Atlantic to the 
Pacific, from the plateaux 
around Mexico City to Nica- 
ragua; the Aztecs belonged to 
this people. IV, K-M9,10 

Nahuatleca. = l^ahua. IV, K-M9, 
10 

Nahy. = Nachi. IV, M7,8 

Naiman. (1) Between the Irtysh 
River and Lake Balkash, Si- 
beria. II, 13,4. (2) In the SE 
part of Mongolia. II, MN4 

iVair. = Nayar. II, 17,8 

iV^ow^fl. = Nadiisha-dena. IV, L7 

Nakasinena. A subdivision of the 
Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Nakele. On the Ogowe River, W 
Africa. I, CD5,6 



Nakota. = Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Nakum. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Nakwahtoh. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Nalani. Navajo name for the Co- 
manche. IV, KL7 

Naltunne tunne. On the Siletz 
reservation, Oregon. IV, H6 

Nalu. S of the lower Rio Grande, 
Portuguese Guinea, W Africa. 
I, A4 

Nama. Full-blooded Hottentots, 
South Africa. I, DE8,9 

Namaland. The S part of South- 
west Africa. I, D8 

Namaqua. N and S of the lower 
Orange River, South Africa. I, 
D8 

Namaqualand. = Namaland. I, D 
8 

Namau. On the Gulf of Papua, 
New Guinea. V, E4 

Nambiquara. Near the headwaters 
of the Tapajos, Brazil. VI, E3 

Nambiyar Nayar. A subdivision of 
the Nayar. II, 17,8 

Nambutiri. In Malabar, India. II, 
17,8 

Namhsan. a town in Burma. II, 
K6 

Namollo. =^Ymt. II, T2 

Namosi. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Nampudiri. = Nambutiri. II, 17,8 

Nam Rohl. An upper branch of 
the Nile, in the Bahr-el-Ghazal 
region. I, E5 

Namsang. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Namuollo. = Yuit. II, T2 

Namutti. The name of the Ne- 
grillos, or Pygmies, in the Sem- 
liki forest, Uganda. I, F5 

Nanaimo. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ6,6 



171 

Nanakuli. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Nanay. An upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

NandaJco. In Texas. IV, L7 

Nandi. NE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F5,6 

Nandihari. N of the Hazara dis- 
trict, Panjab, India. II, 15 

Nanhanni. In N Gold Coast, W 
Africa. I, B5 

Nan Ling. Mountains in S China. 
II, LM6 

iVano. = Banano. I, D6,7 

Nanoo. A subdivision of the Sali- 
shan. IV, HJ5,6 

Nansemond. An important tribe of 
the Povehatan confederacy, for- 
merly on the S side of the James 
River, Virginia. IV, N 7 

Nan Shan. A mountain range 
(shan) in Koko Nor (NE Ti- 
bet) and Kansu province, Chi- 
na ; sometimes called Nan Ling. 
II, LM6 

Nanticoke. An important Algon- 
quian tribe formerly on the E 
shore of Chesapeake Bay, Mary- 
land. IV, N07 

Nantucket. An island in the At- 
lantic Ocean S of Massachu- 
setts. IV, 06 

iVaoZw^o. = Tahinolo. IV, L8,9 

Napa. In the valley of the Napa 
River, NW California. IV, H6 

Napeano. A subdivision of the 
Llameo. VI, C3 

Napo. a river in Ecuador, an up- 
per tributary of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

iVapo. = Napeano. VI, C3 

Narantsouak. = Norridgewock. IV, 
06 

Narbada. a river in India, 801 
miles long, flowing from central 
India to the Gulf of Cambay. 
II, IJ6 

Narboo Murre. On the lower Sut- 



Nasqa 

tor River, E Queensland. V, E 
F6 

Narom. A subdivision of the Mi- 
lanau. V, B3 

Naron. A Bushman tribe of the 
central Kalahari, South Africa. 
I, E8 

Narraganset. An Algonquian tribe, 
formerly one of the leading 
tribes of New England; in 
Rhode Island, W of Narragan- 
sett Bay. IV, 06 

Narragansett. A bay in Rhode 
Island. IV, 06 

Narragurt. In W Victoria. V, E7 

Narrang-ga. In Yorke peninsula. 
South Australia. V, D7 

Narrinyeri. In the country around 
Lakes Alexandrina, Albert, and 
Coorong, in the SE part of 
South Australia. V, D7 

Narua. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Nasaree. = Ansaviyeh. II, E 5 

Nasari. One of the native names 
of the Laks. II, G5,6 

Nasca. a valley in S Peru. VI, 04 

Nascapee. The most northeasterly 
of the Algonquian tribes, occu- 
pying the elevated interior of 
Quebec and Labrador peninsula 
N of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 
and extending from the vicinity 
of Lake Mistassini to Ungava 
Bay on the N. IV, OP4,5 

Na-shi. = Mo-sso. II, L6 

Nashonit. The Comanche name 
for the Caddo. IV, L7,8 

Nashua. A tribe formerly living 
in E Massachusetts. IV, 06 

NasJeapee. = 'Nascaipee. IV, OP4,5 

Nashotin. On the upper Eraser 
River, British Columbia. IV, 
H5 

Nasoni. A former tribe of the 
Caddo confederacy, in NE Tex- 
as. IV, L7 

Nasqa. On the upper Skeena and 



Nasquapee 



172 



Nass rivers, W British Colum- 
bia. IV, G5 

Nasquapee. = Nascapee. IV, OP 
4,5 

Nass. A river in W British Co- 
lumbia. IV, G5 

Nass. = Nasqa. IV, G5 

Nat. In North- Western Provinces, 
India. II, HI5 

Nataa. The Witchita name for the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Natacook. = Saugehan. I'V, 06 

Natal. A province in the Union 
of South Africa. I, EF8 

Natchesan Family. A linguistic 
family consisting of two tribes, 
usually known under the names 
Natchez and Taensa, each com- 
prising several villages ; in Mis- 
sissippi and Louisiana. IV, M 
7,8 

iVafc/ies. = Nachi. IV, M7,8 

Natchitoch. A tribe of the Caddo 
confederacy, NE Texas. IV, L7 

Naticoke. = 'Nanticoke. IV, N07 

Natingero. In SW Australia. V, 
B7 

Natnihina. The Arapaho name for 
the Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Natsimi. a town in E Assam, In- 
dia. II, K6 

Natsitkutchin. A Kutchin tribe in- 
habiting the country from Por- 
cupine River northward to the 
Romanzof Mountains, Alaska. 
IV, E3 

Nattawasaga Bay. On Lake Hu- 
ron, Ontario. IV, N6 

Nature Veddah. In Ceylon, India. 
II, J8 

Naua. On the Juruha, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Naualko. On the right side of the 
Darling River, and E of the 
Milpulko tribe. New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Nauna. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the upper Amazon. VI, D3 



iVaMO. =Willuri. V, D7 

Naura. On the Carare, a tribu- 
tary of the middle Magdalena, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Nauru Island. W of the Gilbert 
Islands, Micronesia. V, G4 

Nauset. An Algonquian tribe for- 
merly living on Cape Cod, Mas- 
sachusetts. IV, 06 

iVa»a/io. = Navajo. IV, J7 

Navajo. An important Athapas- 
can tribe occupying a reserva- 
tion of 9,503,763 acres in Utah, 
Arizona, and New Mexico. IV, 
J7 

Navapukah. A subdivision of the 
Akka. I, E5 

Navarra. a province in NE 
Spain. Ill, D4 

Navarre. A former kingdom in 
SW France and adjacent Spain. 
Ill, DE4 

Navatipeh. A subdivision of the 
Akka. I, D5 

Namiti. A subdivision of the Hael- 
tzuk. IV, G5 

Nawuncna. A subdivision of the 
Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

Naxos, or Naxia. An Aegean is- 
land in the Cyclades. Ill, G5 

Nayadi. In Cochin, S India. II, 
17 

iVai/a^Mfl. = Payagus. VI, DE5 

Nayar. In the native states of 
Cochin and Travancore, S In- 
dia. II, 17,8 

Nayarit. In Territorio de Tepic, 
Mexico. IV, K9 

Nayman. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Nayra. A subdivision of the Moxo. 
VI, D4 

iVcomi. = Kama. I, CD6 

iVc/ere. = Baya. I, D5 

Ndia. a region in Tanganyika. I, 
F6,7 

Ndo. In the Baringo district, 
Kenya. I, F5 



173 

Ndob. In Cameroon, W Africa; 
about lat. 6°N, long. 15°E. I, 
D5 

iV<^oro6o. = Wandorobbo. I, F6 

Ndri. Between the Ubangi and 
Grinbingi (a tributary of the 
Shari), central Africa. I, D5 

Ndulu. In Angola. I, D7 

Near Island. One of the Aleu- 
tian Islands. IV, Al (inset) 

Nebraska. A state in central 
United States. IV, KL6 

Neche. A Hasinai tribe which, on 
the coming of the Europeans in 
the latter part of the 17th cen- 
tury, lived on the Neches River 
in E Texas. IV, L7 

Neenoilno. = Montagnais, 1. IV, O 
5,6 

Nefud Desert. In N Arabia. I, 
EF6 

Negda. W of the lower Amur 
(about lat. 52°N), Siberia. II, 
03 

Negrillo. African pygmies, who 
live in scattered groups as in- 
dependent tribes, or small com- 
munities; probably relics of a 
primitive type of Negro which 
at one period inhabited tropical 
Africa from the S borders of 
the Sahara to the Zambesi- 
Congo watershed, and from the 
E coast to the Atlantic. At pres- 
ent, true pygmies are mainly 
confined to the Congo basin, but 
extend in the E to the borders 
of Uganda in the Utiri forest, 
in the NE to the vicinity of 
Bahr-el-Ghazal, in the W to the 
French Congo, the Cameroons, 
and Gabun to the verge of An- 
gola. I, D-F5,6 
Negri Sembilan. A union of na- 
tive states forming a state of 
the Federated Malay States. II, 
L8 
Negrito. A collective name for the 



Negro 

black woolly-haired tribes in- 
habiting the Philippines, the 
Andaman Islands, and the Ma- 
lay Peninsula — that is, the 
Aeta, Andamanese, and Semang, 
etc. (This term is frequently 
used in the same sense as Ne- 
grillo.) II, K-N7,8 
Negro. (1) "A collective name for 
the tribes (except the Fulah in 
the W Sudan) inhabiting Africa 
from the S margin of the Sa- 
hara on the N to the Guinean 
coast, and the region of the 
Equator on the S, and from the 
seaboard of Senegambia on the 
W to the Nile on the E; of 
which the principal are Ashanti, 
Bari, Bongo, Dahoman, Dinka, 
Haussa, Mandingo, Shillook, 
Wolof, and Yoruba." I, A-F2-5. 
(2) "A name given collectively 
to the dark woolly-haired tribes 
living in the African continent 
from S of the Sahara to South 
Africa, and from the Atlantic 
to the Indian Ocean, excluding 
the domains of the light-colored 
South Africans (Hottentots and 
Bushmen) as well as the light- 
er wavy-haired East Africans 
(Galla, Somali, and Danakil, 
etc.) ; of which the chief ones 
are those mentioned in Negro, 
1, and the various tribes belong- 
ing to the Bantu, q.v." I, A— G 
4-9. (3) "A generic name for 
the natives in the compact mass 
of the African continent S of 
the Sahara, including the Hot- 
tentots and Bushmen. The 
Negroes are also found in the S 
part of the United States of 
America, West Indies, Colom- 
bia, Venezuela, Guiana, and 
parts of Brazil, having been 
carried as slaves by the Euro- 
peans from W Africa, espe- 



Negro, Rio 

cially the Slave Coast and An- 
gola, since the early years of 
the 16th century." (Matsumura, 
Gazetteer of Ethnology, pp. 
258-259.) I and IV 
Negro, Rio. (1) A large river in 
Colombia and Brazil, flowing 
into the Amazon. VI, C-E2,3. 

(2) A river in Rio Negro Ter- 
ritory, Argentina, 630 miles 
long, flowing from the Andes 
to the Atlantic Ocean. 'VI, D6,7. 

(3) Territory. In S central 
Argentina. VI, D6,7 

Negros. One of the central Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Nehalim. On the Grande Ronde 
reservation, Oregon. IV, H6 

Neitcheyong. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 

Nejd, or Ned JED. A Wahabi coun- 
try in central Arabia. II, F6 

Nellore. a district of Madras, 
India. II, 17 

Nelson. (1) A provincial dis- 
trict in N South Island, New 
Zealand. V, H8. (2) A river in 
Manitoba, Canada, flowing 500 
miles from Lake Winnipeg to 
Hudson Bay; including the 
Saskatchewan River, 1,450 miles 
long. IV, L4,5 

Nemovome. A subdivision of the 
Mege. I, E5 

Nempe. In the Oil Rivers coun- 
try, W Africa. I, C5 

Nenamehk. A subdivision of the 
Cree. IV, KL4,5 

Nenezi. One of the native names 
of the Samoyed. II, G-Jl,2 

Nepal. A Himalayan kingdom 
between British India and Ti- 
bet. II, J6 

Nepalese. The natives of Nepal. 
II, J6 

Nepali. = Nepalese. II, J6 

Nepicinqui. = 'Neipissmg. IV, N6 

Nepissing. A tribe of the Algon- 



174) 

kin near Lake Nipissing, On- 
tario. IV, N6 
Nepoko. a branch of the Aru- 
wimi, a tributary of the Congo. 

I, E5 

Nerbudda. = Narbada. II, IJ6 

Neshiu. An ancient Negro-Ethio- 
pian half-breed people in Eri- 
trea, ancestors of the modern 
Barea. I, FG4 

Nesiot. = Indonesian ; a term used 
to describe a dolichocephalic, 
cymotrichous type of people 
throughout the East Indian 
archipelago, and forming part 
of the population of Farther 
India and S China. II and V 

Nespelum. A tribe of the Salishan. 
IV, HJ5,6 

Nestucca. On the Grande Ronde 
reservation, Oregon. IV, H6 

Nesu. Native name of the Lo-lo. 

II, L6 

Netchillirmiut. On the W shore of 
the Gulf of Boothia, Canada. 

IV, LM3 

Netela. In S California. IV, H7 
Netherlanders. = Dutch. Ill, E3 
Netherlands. A kingdom (Hol- 
land) in NW Europe. Ill, E3 
Neu-Hannover. = New Hanover. 

V, F4 
Neu-Mecklenburg. = New Ire- 
land. V, F4 

Neu-Pommern. = New Britain. 
V, F4 

Neuquen. a territory in W Ar- 
gentina. VI, CD6 

Neuse. a small river in E North 
Carolina. IV, N7 

Neustria. The kingdom of the W 
Franks. Ill, DE4 

Neuter iVaf ion. = Neutral Nation. 
IV, N6 

Neutral Nation. An important 
confederation of Iroquoian 
tribes living in the 17th cen- 
tuiry N of Lake Erie in Ontario, 



175 

Canada. They were called Neu- 
trals by the French because 
they were neutral in the known 
wars between the Iroquois and 
Hurons. IV, N6 

Neutrals. = Neutral Nation. IV, 
N6 

Neva. The river on which Lenin- 
grad, Russia, is situated. Ill, 
H3 

Nevada. A state in W United 
States. IV, HJ6,7 

Nevis. One of the Leeward Is- 
lands, West Indies. IV, OlO 
(inset) 

Nevome. A name applied to the 
Lower Pima, or Pima Bajos, 
living chiefly in Sonora, Mexico. 
IV, JK8 

Newar. In central Nepal. II, J6 

New Britain. An island in the 
Bismarck Archipelago NE of 
New Guinea. V, F4 

New Brunswick. A province in E 
Canada. IV, P6 

New Calabar, At the curve of the 
Gulf of Guinea, W Africa. I, C5 

New Caledonia. Islands in Mela- 
nesia; French penal colony. V, 
G6 

New Castile. An ancient prov- 
ince in central Spain. Ill, D4,5 

New England. The states of 
Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- 
mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Is- 
land, and Connecticut, in NE 
United States. IV, 06 

Newfoundland. An island colony 
of Great Britain's, E of Can- 
ada. IV, Q5,6 

New Georgia. In the Solomon Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, F4 

New Granada. The earlier name 
for the country of Colombia; 
Venezuela and Ecuador were 
once included. VI, CD 1-3 

New Guinea. A large island of 
the Dutch East Indies, N of 



Ngai Laos 

Australia; 213,149 sq.mi. V, 
D-F4,5 
New Hampshire. One of the New 
England states. United States. 

IV, 06 

New Hanover. In the Bismarck 
Archipelago. V, F4! 

New Hebrides. Islands of Mela- 
nesia, W of Fiji. V, G5 

Newichumni. In central Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

New Ireland. In the Bismarck 
Archipelago, Melanesia. V, F4 

New Jersey. A middle Atlantic 
state. United States. IV, 06,7 

New Mexico. A state in SW 
United States. IV, JK7 

New Pomerania. = New Britain. 

V, F4 

New South Wales. A state in 
SE Australia. V, EF6,7 

New York. One of the middle At- 
lantic states. United States ; also 
its largest city and seaport. IV, 
N06 

New Zealand. A British self- 
governing colony in the S Pa- 
cific Ocean, 1,200 miles E of 
Australia; 104,751 sq.mi. V, G 
H7,8 

Ne2 Perce. A term applied by the 
French to a number of tribes 
which practised or were sup- 
posed to practise the custom of 
piercing the nose for the inser- 
tion of a piece of dentalium. 
The term is now used exclu- 
sively to designate the main 
tribe of the Shahaptian family, 
who have not, however, so far 
as is known, ever been given to 
the practice. IV, HJ6 

Ngadyu. = 0\o Ngadjoe. V, B4 

Ngai Laos. Ancient tribes of Chi- 
na, some of whose descendants 
bearing the same name are still 
found in SW Annam. II, L7 



Ngaje Masai 



176 



Ngaje Masai. A subdivision of the 

Masai. I, FG5,6 
Ngaluma. In Western Australia. 

V, B6 
Ngameni. N of the Warburton 

River, South Australia. V, D7 
Ngami. a lake in Bechuanaland, 

South Africa. I, E8 
Ngavii Bushmen. In the central 

Kalahari Desert, South Africa. 

I, E8 
Ngangela. In Angola. I', D6,7 
Nganhwei. = Anhwei. II, M5 
Ngapu. Betvreen the Ubangi and 

the Grinbingi (a tributary of 

the Shari), central Africa. I, 

D5 
Ngapui. A subdivision of the Ma- 
ori. V, GH7,8 
Ngarigo. In the SE part of New 

South Wales. V, EF6,7 
Ngarrimowro. On the upper Mur- 
ray River, Victoria. V, E7 
Ngaruk-willam. On the S side of 

the Dander ong Mountains, S 

Victoria. V, E7 
Ngatban. On the E coast of Vic- 
toria. V, E7 
Ngatiawa. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatierangi. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatikahungunu. A subdivision of 

the Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatimamoe. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatimaniapoto. A subdivision of 

the Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatimaru. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatiporu. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatiraukawa. A subdivision of 

the Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatiruanui. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 
Ngatiwhatua. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, GH7,8 



Ngatkon. A subdivision of the 
Tungus. II, J-Tl-3 

Ngbangye. = GoNyA. I, B4,5 

N ggaompata, or Nggaombata, or 
Nggaobata. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Ngiou. The native name of the 
Shan of Burma. II, K6 

Ngisem. On the N slopes of the 
Congo-Chad watershed, Africa. 
I, DE5 

Ngola. In Angola, W Africa. I, 
D7 

Ngolo. A Bantu tribe of S Ni- 
geria. I, C5 

Ngo-ni. = }io-ni. II, L6 

Ngonyelu. In Angola, W Africa. 
I, D7 

Nguki. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 

Nguralungbula. On the Goulburn, 
a tributary of the upper Mur- 
ray, central Victoria. V, E7 

Ngurawola. Between the Barcoo 
and Warburton rivers. South 
Australia. V, D7 

Ngurla. Near the mouth of the 
De Grey River in the NW part 
of Western Australia. V, B6 

Niagara Falls. Between Lakes 
Erie and Ontario, New York 
and Ontario. IV, N 6 

Niamah-Niam. The plural form 
of Niam-Niam. I, E5 

Niambara. = Nyambara. I, F5 

Niam-Niam. Between the Welle, a 
tributary of the Ubangi, and 
the upper Nile. I, E5 

Niantic. (1) An Algonquian tribe 
formerly occupying the coast of 
Rhode Island from Narragan- 
sett Bay to Connecticut. IV, 06. 
(2) An Algonquian tribe for- 
merly occupying the coast of 
Connecticut from Niantic Bay 
to the Connecticut River, IV, 
06 

Niapu. (1) On the right bank of 



177 



Nineveh 



the Bomokandi, an upper branch 
of the Welle (a tributary of the 
Ubangi) and W of the Momfu 
tribe, central Africa; they are 
quite distinct from the Niapu 
belonging to the Mege. I, E6. 
(2) A subdivision of the Mege. 

I, E5 

NiAS. An island to the W of N 
Sumatra, Dutch East Indies. 

II, K8 

Niazi. In Derajat, a division of 
the Pan jab, India, and Khora- 
san a district of SE Afghani- 
stan. II, Hl5 

Nibo. Near the mouth of the Ni- 
ger, W Africa. I, C5 

Nicaragua. A republic in Central 
America; 49,552 sq.mi. IV, MN 
10 

iVicara^wa. = Nicarao. IV, MlO 

Nicarao. Formerly in Nicaragua 
between Lake Nicaragua and 
the Pacific Ocean. IV, MlO 

Nicassia. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Nichihinena. The Arapaho name 
for the Kiowa. IV, L7 

Nicholson. A river in N Queens- 
land. V, E5,6 

Nicobarese. In the Nicobar Is- 
lands; they are divided into the 
two groups of Coast people and 
Inland people, and the latter is 
called Shon Pen. II, K8 

Nicobar Islands. A group in the 
Bay of Bengal. II, K8 

Nicoutamuch. A tribe of the Sali- 
shan. IV, HJ5,6 

Nicoya. In Costa Rica. IV, MNlO 

Nieh-su. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

NiEMEN. A river 565 miles long, 
flowing from Minsk government 
to East Prussia; it is called 
Memel near its end. Ill, G3 

Nifeab. A subdivision of the Jalin. 
I, F4 



Nigeria. A British colony and 
protectorate N of the Gulf of 
Guinea, between Dahomey and 
Cameroon; 336,000 sq.mi. I, C 
D4,5 

Niger Protectorate, A division 
of French W Africa. I, C4! 

Niger River. In W Africa, 2,- 
600 miles long, flowing from 
about the Sierra Leone fron- 
tier through French West Af- 
rica and Nigeria to the Bight 
of Benin. I, BC4,5 

Nigidal. W of the lower Amur 
(lat. 52°N), Siberia. II, 03 

NiKAJ, A district in High Al- 
bania. Ill, FG4 

NiKARiA. Ancient Icaria. A Greek 
island in the Aegean Sea, WSW 
of Samos. Ill, G5 

Nikuar. On the Sobat, an upper 
branch of the Nile. I, E5 

Nile River. (1) In E Africa, 3,- 
670 miles long, from Victoria 
Nyanza to the Mediterranean 
Sea. I, EF2-5. (2) Blue 
(Nile). A river in Africa, ris- 
ing in Abyssinia and uniting 
with the White Nile near Khar- 
tum. I, F4,5. (3) White 
(Nile). A part of the Nile 
River between Khartum and the 
Bahr-el-Ghazal. I, F4,5 

NiLGiRi Hills. Mountains in the 
Madras Presidency, S British 
India. II, 17,8 

Nilotic tribes. Those tribes in- 
habiting the basin of the Nile 
River. I, EF2-5 

Nimapu. = Sahaptin. IV, H J6 

NimJcish. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Ninagai. On the left bank of the 
middle Amur (long. 123 °E), 
Siberia. II, N3 

Nineveh. An ancient city, the 
capital of Assyria; ruins on the 
Tigris, opposite Mosul. II, F5 



Ninstence 



178 



Ninstence. A subdivision of the 
Haida. IV, FG5 

Nipegon. = Winnebago. IV, LM6 

Nipissing. = Nepissing. IV, N6 

Nipmuc. The inland tribes of cen- 
tral Massachusetts. IV, 06 

Nippon. Properly, the name of 
Japan; sometimes applied to 
Honshu; also spelled Niphon, 
and NiHON. II, N-Q4-6 

Nippur. An ancient city in Sumer, 
in S Babylonia. II, F5 

Niquirans. = Nicarao. IV, MlO 

Nira-baluk, In S Victoria. V, E7 

Nishinam. Formerly in N Cali- 
fornia. IV, H6 

Niska. The dialectic name for one 
of the three Chimmesyan divi- 
sions, the other tvpo being the 
Kitksan and the Tsimshian; on 
Nass Bay and in the surround- 
ing country, SE Alaska. IV, G5 

Nisqualli. A Salish tribe on or 
about the river of the same 
name flowing into the S exten- 
sion of Puget Sound, Washing- 
ton. IV, H6 

Nisqually. = Nisqualli. IV, H6 

Nitinaht. A subdivision of the Aht. 
IV, G6 

Niuak. On the left bank of the 
lower Sobat, an upper branch 
of the Nile. I, E5 

NiUE Island. In central Poly- 
nesia; also called Savage Is- 
land. V, K5 

NizHNi-NovGOROD. A government 
in central Russia. Ill, J3 

Njavi. On the left bank of the up- 
per Ogowe River, W Africa. I, 
D6 

Njempsian. E of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F6 

Njirru. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kikuyu. I, F5,6 

Nkami. S of the lower Ogowe 
River, W Africa; a Mpongwe- 
speaking tribe. I, CD6 



Nkomi. = Nkami. I, CD6 
Nkoranzo. On the Gold Coast, W 

Africa. I, B6 
Nkum. On the upper Irawadi, 

Burma. II, K6 
Noanama. = Noannamae. VI, C2 
Noannamae. On the headwaters of 

the San Juan River, Cauca, 

Colombia. VI, C2 
Noatak. a river in NW Alaska. 

IV, C3 

Noce. = Yana. IV, H7 
Noefours. = Nveforese, V, D4 
Nofur. = Mafor. V, D4 
Nogai. A subdivision of the Us- 

beg. II, H4,5 
Nogaians. = lSi ogai. II, H4,5 
Nogais. S of the Kuma River, NE 

Caucasus. Ill, J4! 
Nogays. = ^ogais. Ill, J4 
Noje. = Yana. IV, H7 
Nokoni. Former name of the Det- 

sanayuka. IV, KL7 
Noks. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 

II, H4,5 
Nomlaki. In N California. IV, H6 
Nommuk. In N California. IV, 

H6 
Nong. In Tonkin, French Indo- 

China. II, L6 
Noonukul. In Stradbroke Island, 

off the SE coast of Queensland. 

V, F6 

Nootka. On the W coast of Van- 
couver Island, British Colum- 
bia. IV, G5 

Nootka-Columbia. = Nootka. IV, 
G5 

Nor. In British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Norelmuk. In N California. IV, 
H6 

Normandy. An old province in N 
France whose capital was Rou- 
en. Ill, DE4 

Normuk. In N California. IV, H6 

Norri. A subdivision of the Moxo. 

VI, D4 



179 



Nuba 



Norridgewock. A tribe of the Ab- 
naki confederacy, the typical 
tribe of the group; in Maine. 

IV, 06 

Norsemen. The ancient Scandi- 
navians. Ill, EF2,3 

North Andaman. The N island 
of the Andaman Islands, Bay 
of Bengal. II, K7 

North Carolina. A S Atlantic 
state of the United States. IV, 
N7 

North Dakota. A state in NW 
United States. IV, KL5,6 

North Devon. A large Arctic is- 
land, W of Baffin Bay. IV, LN2 

Northern Circars. The historic 
name of the N portion of the 
Madras Presidency, British In- 
dia. II, IJ7 

Northern Dvina. = Dvina. Ill, 
J2,3 

Northern Territory. The for- 
mer name of North Australia. 

V, CDS 

North Island. The N island of 
New Zealand. V, H7,8 

North Rhodesia. The N province 
of Rhodesia, in SE central Af- 
rica, I, EF6,7 

North Sea. An arm of the At- 
lantic Ocean between the Eu- 
ropean continent on the S and 
E and Great Britain on the W; 
600 miles long, 350 miles broad; 
also called German Ocean. 
Ill, DE3 

NoRTHUMBRiA. The Anglian king- 
dom of Britain. Ill, DE3 

North-West Frontier Prov- 
ince. A province in British NW 
India, on the Afghan frontier. 
II, HIS 

Northwest Territories. That 
part of the Dominion of Canada 
not in any province or Yukon 
Territory. IV, G-N2-4 

Norton Sound. On the W coast 



of Alaska, S of Seward Penin- 
sula. IV, BC3,4 

Norway. A kingdom in NW Eu- 
rope; 124,964 sq.mi. Ill, E-H 
1-3 

Norwegians. The people of Nor- 
way. Ill, E-H 1-3 

iVosM. = Lo-lo. II, L6 

Notoanaiti. Near Lake Tulare, 
California. IV, H7 

Nottorvay. An Iroquoian tribe for- 
merly residing on the river of 
the same name in SE Virginia. 
IV, N7 

Notwani. An upper branch of the 
Limpopo River, South Africa. 
I, E8 

Nounouma. In W Sudan, Africa. 
I, B4 

Nova Scotia. Formerly Acadia ; a 
maritime province in E Canada. 
IV, P6 

Nova Zembla. A group of two 
large and many small islands 
in the Arctic Ocean, Russia. 

III, Kl 
Nowilnowilanna. In the N part of 

Western Australia. V, BC5,6 
No2i. = Yana. IV, H7 
Nri. Near the mouth of the Niger 

River, W Africa. I, CS 
NsaJckara. On the Bali, an upper 

branch of the Ubangi, central 

Africa. I, DS 
N'tlaka'pamuq. = Ntlakyapamuk. 

IV, HS 

Ntlahyapamuk. One of the four 
great Salish tribes inhabiting 
the interior of British Columbia 
and popularly called Thompson 
Indians, from the river on which 
a large part of them live. IV, 
H5 

Nuaruali, or Nu-Ara'mak. = 'M.ai- 
pure. VI, D2 

Nuba. = Aloa. I, EF4 

Nuba. In Kordofan (chiefly the 
central and S districts), and 



Nubia 



180 



Darfur (dispersedly), and on 
the banks of the Nile from the 
first Cataract (Assouan) to the 
fourth Cataract; those on the 
Nile are commonly called Nu- 
bians by the Europeans, being 
called by themselves Barabra; 
the term Nuba is Arabic. I, E 
F3,4 
Nubia. A region in NE Africa, N 
of the latitude of Khartum; 
now included in Anglo-Egyp- 
tian Sudan and Egypt. I, EF 

Nubians. See Nuba. I, EF3,4 

Nuchalaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Nueces. A river in SE Texas. IV, 
L8 

Nuer. On the lower Bahr-el-Jebel, 
the upper part of the Nile. I, 
F5 

NuEVA Ecu A. A province in cen- 
tral Luzon, Philippine Islands. 
V, C2 

NuEVA VizcAYA. A province in N 
central Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

NuEVo Leon. A state in Mexico. 

IV, KL8 

Nufi. = 'Nuipe. I, C5 
NuFiLOLE. One of the Swallow 
Group, Santa Cruz, Melanesia. 

V, G5 

Nugamu. A subdivision of the Za- 

paro. VI, C3 
Nugumiut. On Frobisher Bay in 

the SE part of Baffin Land. IV, 

OP3,4 
NuKAHivA, or NuKUHivA. In the 

Marquesas Islands, Polynesia. 

V, M4 
Nukkobe. A subdivision of the 

Fulah. I, B-E4,5 
Nuksahk. A tribe of the Salishan. 

IV, HJ5,6 
NuKUFETAu. One of the Gilbert 

Islands, Micronesia. V, H3 



Nukunukubura. W of the lower 
Burnett River, SE Queensland. 
V, F6 

NuKuoRo. One of the Caroline Is- 
lands, Micronesia. V, F3 

Nullakun. In North Australia. V, 
D5 

Numa. (1) Native name of the 
Comanche. IV, L7. (2) Native 
name of the Paiute. IV, J7 

NuMiDiA. An ancient country in 
N Africa; it nearly coincides 
with modern Algeria. I, BC2 

Numpali. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Nunatagmiut. On the Noatak Riv- 
er, Alaska. IV, C3 

Nunez, Rio. In French Guinea, 
W Africa. I, A4 

Nungu. In N Nigeria. I, C4 

Nunivagmiut. In the island of 
Nunivak, SW Alaska. IV, B4 

NuNivAK. An island off the coast 
of SW Alaska. IV, B4 

NuPE. A native state, W central 
Nigeria, W Africa. I, C5 

Nupe. On the lower Niger, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 

Nupi. = Nupe. I, C5 

Nuremberg. (In German, Nurn- 
BERG.) A city in Bavaria, S 
Germany. Ill, F4 

Nushegagmiut. In SW Alaska. IV, 
C4 

Nushinu. A subdivision of the Za- 
paro. VI, C3 

Nutabe. Formerly in Antioquia, 
Colombia; now extinct. VI, C2 

Nutcheyong. On the upper Hop- 
kins River, SW Victoria. V, E7 

Nutka. = Nootka. IV, G5 

Nuwukmiut. An Eskimo tribe near 
Point Barrow, N Alaska. IV, 
CD3 

iVMWwngmMi. = Nuwukmiut. IV, C 
D3 

Nuya Malu. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 



181 

NvEFOoR Islands. In Geelvink 
Bay, Dutch New Guinea. V, 
D4 

Nveforese. In the Nvefoor Is- 
lands, New Guinea. V, D4 

Nyamhara. On the Bahr-el-Jebel 
(about lat. 5°N), the upper 
part of the Nile, and N of the 
Bari tribe. I, F5 

iV^am-iV^am. = Niam-Niam. I, E5 

Nyanzas. The Lakes Victoria, Ed- 
ward, and Albert (Nyanza), in 
E central Africa. I, EF5,6 

Nyasa, or Nyassa. A lake in SE 
Africa, about 400 miles long, E 
of Nyasaland, and W of Tan- 



Ogho 

ganyika and Portuguese East 
Africa. I, F6,7 

Nyasaland. A British protector- 
ate W and S of Lake Nyasa, 
Africa; 39,573 sq.mi. I, F7 

Nyenech. One of the native names 
of the Samoyed. II, G— Jl,2 

iV^/e. = Nupe. I, C5 

Nyffe. = Nupe. I, C5 

Nyifwa. = Jaluo. I, F5,6 

Nzau. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 

Nzillem. On the Shari River, SE 
of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Nzuni. A subdivision of the Wa- 
kamba. I, F6 



vJahu. a Hawaiian island in the 
N Pacific. V, LI 

Oajaca. = Oaxaca. IV, L9 

Oas. On the banks of the Napo, 
an upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Oaxaca. a Pacific state in S Mex- 
ico. IV, L9 

Ob, or Obi. (1) A river in W Si- 
beria, flowing 2,260 miles to the 
Gulf of Ob. II, H-J2,3. (2) 
Gulf of. An inlet of the Arctic 
Ocean, NW Siberia, about 600 
miles by 60 miles. II, 1 1,2 

Obara&a. = Mbamba. I, D5,6 

&om6o. =Abombo. I, D6 

0&on^. = Bongo. I, E5 

Obongo. On the upper Ogowe Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, D5,6 

Occaneechi. A small tribe of the 
E Siouan group formerly re- 
siding in S Virginia and N 
North Carolina. IV, N7 

Oceania. The lands, collectively, 
of the central and W Pacific 
Ocean: Polynesia, Melanesia, 
and Micronesia. V 

Oc^agra. = Winnebago. IV, LM6 

0-ch'ang. In W Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 



Ochessigiriniooek. A subdivision 
of the Montagnais, 1. IV, 05,6 

Ochestgooetch. A subdivision of 
the Montagnais, 1. IV, 05,6 

Ochingita. Near Lake Tulare, 
California. IV, H7 

Ochozoma. = 'P\iqnina. VI, CD4 

Ocole. S of the Rio Vermejo, Ar- 
gentina. VI, DE5 

Ocorono. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Oda. The Cheremiss name for the 
Votiak. Ill, JK3 

Odawah. = OttaLwa.. IV, N6 

Oc?(^e. = Wodder. II, 17,8 

Ode. On the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica, I, C5 

Odiqua. An extinct tribe of Hot- 
tentots. I, E9 

Ododop. In S Nigeria. I, C5 

Oensmen. = Ona. VI, D8 

Ofogoula. A small tribe which 
formerly lived on the left bank 
of the Yazoo River, Mississippi. 
IV, M7,8 

Ogaden. In the SE part of Abys- 
sinia. I, G5 

gallah. = glala. IV, KL6 

Ogallalah. = Oglala. IV, KL6 

Ogbo. a former native kingdom 



Oglala 



182 



on the Slave Coast, W Africa. I, 
C6 

Oglala. The principal division of 
the Teton Sioux, in South Da- 
kota. IV, KL6 

Ogowe, or Ogowai. A river in 
Gabun, French Equatorial (W) 
Africa. I, CD5,6 

Ogurdjali. A subdivision of the 
Yomut. II, G5 

Ohenonpa. A subdivision of the 
Teton. IV, KL6 

Ohiaht. A subdivision of the Aht. 
IV, G5 

Ohio. (1) A river in the Missis- 
sippi basin, 963 miles long, 
flovring from Pittsburgh to the 
Mississippi River. IV, MN6,7. 
(2) A state in NE central 
United States. IV, MN6,7 

Oigeb. One of the native names of 
the Masai. I, FG5,6 

Oil Rivers Country. At the 
mouth of the Niger River, W 
Africa. I, C5 

Oitbi. On the S shore of Van Die- 
men Gulf, North Australia. V, 
D5 

Oivimana. A subdivision of the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Ojhyal. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Ojibwa. = Chippewa. IV, LM5 

Ojibway. = Chippewa. IV, LM5 

Ojo. = Idzo. I, C5 

Ojotae. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 

Okanagan. A name originally ap- 
plied to the confluence of the 
Similkameen and Okanogan riv- 
ers, but extended first to in- 
clude a small band and after- 
ward to a large and important 
division of the Salishan family; 
in Washington and British Co- 
lumbia. IV, H5,6 

Ohanda. On the Ogovre River, W 
Africa. I, D5,6 



OkAVANGO. = KUBANGA. I, DE7 

Okeren. In the central Sahara. I, 
C3 

Okhotsk, Sea of. An inlet of the 
Pacific Ocean W of Kamchatka. 
II, 0-R2-4 

OA;to. = Assinians. I, B5 

OA;ma^an. = Okanagan. IV, H5,6 

Okinawa. A group of fifty-five 
islands NE of Formosa, known 
to Europeans as Riukiu or Liu- 
kiu. II, N05,6 

OMafalaya. One of the three great 
divisions into which the Choc- 
taw were divided for at least a 
third of a century prior to their 
removal to Indian Territory, 
Oklahoma. IV, M7,8 

Oklahoma. A state in S central 
United States. IV, KL7 

Ofcoa. = Obongo. I, D5,6 

Oko-Juwai. A subdivision of the 
Andamanese, on Middle Anda- 
man. II, K7 

Okomiut. An Eskimo tribe dwell- 
ing on Cumberland Sound, Baf- 
fin Land. IV, OP3,4 

Okota. S of the Sanga, a tributary 
of the lower Congo. I, D5 

Okrika. In the Oil Rivers country, 
W Africa. I, C5 

Okwa. = Okoa. I, D6,6 

Okyon. a village in the Calabar 
district, W Africa. I, C5 

Olamentka. Formerly to the N of 
San Francisco and San Pablo 
bays, California, comprising 
twelve small tribes. IV, H7 

Olcha. E Tunguses at the mouth 
of the Amur, E Siberia; the 
same as Mangoon. II, 0P3 

Olegana. In the D'Entrecasteaux 
Islands, Melanesia. V, F5 

Olekma. An upper tributary of 
the Lena, E Siberia. II, MN2,3 

Olelato. In N California. IV, H6 

Olemba. W of the upper Congo, 
about lat. 5°S. I, E6 



183 



Ontario 



Olene. A subdivision of the Tun- 
gus. II, M-02,3 

OZipe. = Atacameno. VI, CD5 

Oliutorski. a cape in NE Si- 
beria. II, S2 

Olkhon. Near Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, LM3 

Olla. On the left bank of the Sac- 
ramento River, California. IV, 
H7 

Olo N gad joe. In SE Borneo. V, 
B4 

Olongbura. About Sandy Cape, 
Great Sandy Island, Queens- 
land. V, F6 

OZoi. = Kalmuck. II, JK4; III, J4> 

Olomidok. In central California. 
IV, H7 

Olowit. In central California. IV, 
H7 

Olowiya. In central California. 
IV, H7 

Olposel. In N California. IV, H6 

Olumpali. N of San Francisco 
Bay, California. IV, H7 

Olutanga. An island S of W Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 

Olympia. a plain and sanctuary, 
ancient Elis, Greece. Ill, G5 

Omadyaha. The Dyur name for 
the Niam-Niam. I, E5 

magna. On the lower Mar anon, 
N Peru. VI, C3 

Omaha. One of the five tribes of 
the so-called Dhegiha group of 
the Siouan Family, the other 
four being the Kansa, Quapaw, 
Osage, and Ponca; originally 
on the Wabash and Ohio rivers ; 
later in Nebraska and along 
the Missouri River. IV, LM6,7 

Oman. A country in SE Arabia. 
II, G6,7 

Omapacha. On the SW coast of 
Peru. VI, C4 

Omar ah. A subdivision of the Ja- 
lin. I, F4 



Omeo. = Ya-itma-thang. V, E7 

Omok. A subdivision of the Yuka- 
ghir; novp extinct.^ II, OP 2 

Omon. a town in the Calabar dis- 
trict, W Africa. I, C5 

On. A subdivision of the Kara- 
Kirghiz. II, 15 

Ona. A subdivision of the Fue- 
gians on Magellan Strait. VI, 
D8 

Ondo. A Yoruba tribe W of the 
lower Niger, W Africa. I, C5 

Ondonga. = OYa,mbo. I, D8 

OraiZttZw. = Ndulu. I, D7 

Oneida. A tribe of the Iroquois 
confederation, formerly occupy- 
ing the country S of Oneida 
Lake, New York. IV, N06 

Ongwehonwe. Native name of the 
Iroquois. IV, N06,7 

0-K^i. = Ho-ni. II, L6 

Onime. On the McClure Gulf, 
Dutch New Guinea. V, D4 

Ononchataronon. An Algonkin 
tribe or band which occupied 
the district near Montreal, be- 
tween the St. Lawrence and 
Ottawa rivers, and wintered 
near the Hurons. IV, N06 

Onondaga. An important tribe of 
the Iroquois confederation, for- 
merly living on the mountain, 
lake, and creek bearing their 
name, in the present Onondaga 
County, New York, and extend- 
ing northward to Lake Ontario 
and southward to perhaps the 
waters of the Susquehanna. IV, 
N06 

Onote. Formerly on the E shore 
of Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela; 
now extinct. VI, Cl,2 

Ontario. (1) A province in S 
central Canada. IV, L-N4-6. 
(2) Lake. Between New York 
and Ontario; one of the five 
Great Lakes. IV, N6 



Ontong-Java Islands 

Ontong-Java Islands. NE of the 
Solomon Islands. V, G4 

Ontonturuh. A subdivision of the 
Karakalpak. II, H4 

On«/a. = Wanya. I, D4- 

Oohenonpa. A division of the Te- 
ton Sioux, commonly knovrn as 
Two Kettle Sioux, or Two Ket- 
tles; in South Dakota. IV, K 
L6 

Opata. A division of the Piman 
family, formerly inhabiting So- 
nora, Mexico. IV, J 8 

Opechisaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Opelousa. A small tribe formerly 
living in S Louisiana. IV, LM8 

Openango. = Passamaquoddy. IV, 
06 

Oqomiut. On Cumberland Sound 
on the SE coast of Baffin Land. 

IV, OP3,4 

Oraganda. A subdivision of the 
Bahima. I, EF6 

Oraibi. The largest and most im- 
portant of the villages of the 
Hopi {q.v.) in the NE part of 
Arizona. IV, J 7 

Orakzai. In the mountainous dis- 
trict NW of Kohat, a town in 
the Panjab, India. II, I5 

Oramar. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, H4,5 

Orambul. S of the mouth of the 
Fitzroy River, E Queensland. 

V, EF6 

Oran Badjoo. = Ba Jan. V, BC3,4 

Orang Abung. In the SE ex- 
tremity of Sumatra. V, A4< 

Orang Akett. In E Sumatra. V, 
A4 

Orang Banuwa. = Orang Benua. 
V, A3 

Orang Benua. In the S part of the 
Malay Peninsula (correctly, 
Orang Banuwa). According to 
some authors, the term is said 
to have been given collectively 



184 

to all the wild tribes of the 
peninsula by the Malays ; their 
physical characters and lan- 
guages are similar to those of 
the Malays, but they are not 
Mohammedans ; they are known 
as Udai, Mentra, Besisi, Jakun, 
and Sakai, to their Malay neigh- 
bors. V, A3 
Orang Besisi. = Besisi. V, A3 
Orang Biduanda Kallang. = 3idu- 

anda Kallang. V, A3 
Orang Bukit. (1) A subdivision of 
the Sakai in Selangor, Malay 
Peninsula. V, A3. (2) On the 
headwaters of the Baram, Koti, 
and Bulungan rivers, Sarawak, 
Borneo. V, B3 
Orang Darat. = Mai Darat. V, A3 
Orange. (1) A river in South Af- 
rica, 1,000 miles long, flowing 
from Basutoland to the Atlan- 
tic Ocean. I, DES. (2) Free 
State. A province of the Union 
of South Africa. I, ES 
Orang Gunung. In the S part of 

the Malay Peninsula. V, A3 
Orang Kenaboi. = Sakai ? V, A3 
Orang Kubu. = Kubu. V, A4 
Orang Lahut. On the E coast of 

Sumatra. V, A4 
Orang Laut. A Malay tribe which 
wanders much by boats in Ma- 
lacca Strait, and along the coasts 
of Banca and Billiton (islands SE 
of Sumatra), the coasts of Bor- 
neo, Celebes, and the adjacent 
small islands; sometimes they 
sail as far as the N coast of 
Australia, and seem to have 
spread to the coasts of many 
islands from Malacca, their 
original home; they were called 
Sea Gipsies by the early Eng- 
lish, and Cellates by the early 
Portuguese. Those of Borneo 
(especially on the NW coast of 
the British dominion) and Cele- 



185 



Orkney 



bes are called Bajau^ those in 
some parts of the coast of Bor- 
neo and on the coast of Billiton 
Island, Sika. V, A-C3-5 
Orang Laut Kappir. On the NW 
coast of the Malay Peninsula 
(lat. 7°N), and the small is- 
lands lying off it. (The term 
Kappir, like Kaffir, means "in- 
fidel," that is, non-Mohammed- 
an.) II, K8 
Orang Liar. A term often applied 

to the Jakun. V, A3 
Orang Lubu. = Lubu. V, A3 
Orang Malayu. In the Malay Pen- 
insula. V, A3 
Orang Mamma. = Mamma. V, A4 
Orang Pwnare. = Punan. V, B4 
Orang Rayet. In Johore, Malay 

Peninsula. V, A3 
Orang Sabimba. A tribe trans- 
ferred from the island of Bat- 
tam to the S coast of Johore, 
Malay Peninsula, in 1846. They 
almost merged in the surround- 
ing Malays. V, A3 
Orang SaJcai. = Sakai. V, A3 
Orang Sama. The native name of 
the Orang Laut of Borneo and 
Celebes. V, BC3,4 
Orang Selatar. = Orang Seliter. V, 

A3 

Orang Seliter. In the district of 

Seliter, Singapore ; none of pure 

blood is now known to exist. 

The name is also used as a 

synonym of Orang Laut. V, A3 

Orang Semang. = Semang. V, A3 

Orang Sletar. == Orang Seliter. V, 

A3 
Orang JJdai. = Udai. V, A3 
Orang Ulu. In central Sumatra. 

V, A3,4 
Orang Utan. The Malay name of 

the Sakai. V, A3 
Oraon. In Chota Nagpur, India. 
II, IJ6 



Ord. a river in Western Austra- 
lia. V, C5 

Ordos. In Ordos, a region of Mon- 
golia. II, LM4,5 

Oregon. A Pacific state of the 
United States. IV, H6 

Oreguatu. On the S side of the 
Amazon, below the mouth of 
the Madeira. VI, E3 

Ore Jones. (1) Indians of the NW 
coast of North America. (The 
word means "big-eared people" ; 
possibly "Oregon" came from 
this term, since the wearing of 
nose, ear, and lip ornaments is 
common among the Indians of 
the NW coast.) IV, H5,6. (2) 
A former Coahuiltecan tribe 
dwelling near the coast between 
the Nueces and San Antonio 
rivers, Texas. IV, LS. (3) On 
the lower Napo and the Putu- 
mayo, tributaries of the upper 
Amazon. VI, C3. (4) = Chichas 
Orejones. VI, D5. (6) = To- 
moca. VI, Cl 

Orelhudo. The Portuguese name 
for the Aroaqui. VI, E3 

Orenburg. A government in SE 
Russia. Ill, K3 

Orepaks. An Indian settlement in 
E Virginia. IV, N7 

Orinoco. A river flowing from the 
mountains of S Venezuela 1,550 
miles to the Atlantic Ocean. VI, 
D2 

Oriomo. a stream in W British 
New Guinea. V, E4 

Orissa. a subprovince of Bihar 
and Orissa Province, British 
India. II, J6 

Oristine. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D4,5 

Orito. On the lower Napo, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Orkney. Ancient Orcades: an 



Orlam Hottentots 



186 



archipelago N of the Scottish 
mainland. Ill, D3 

Orlam Hottentots. A migrating 
group which finally settled in 
Great Namaqualand. I, D8 

Orvia. Native name of the Galla. 
I, FG5,6 

OrmM. = Orma. I, FG5,6 

Ormuz. (1) An island in the Per- 
sian Gulf. II, G6. (2) Strait 
OF. Between the Persian Gulf 
and the Gulf of Oman. II, G6 

Oroch. An E Tungus group living 
on E Sakhalin and the adjacent 
mainland, Siberia. II, OP3 

Orochon. The Reindeer Tunguses 
on the Olekma River, an upper 
tributary of the Lena, E Si- 
beria. II, MN2,3 

Orokaiva. In New Guinea. V, E4 

Oroke. In the interior and on the 
E coast of Sakhalin Island; 
= Oroch.? II, P3 

OroA;/io. = Oroke. II, P3 

Orokolo. Along the Gulf of Pa- 
pua, British New Guinea. V, E4 

Oromo. = Orma. I, FG5,6 

Oronchon. = Orochon. II, MN2,3 

Orotchon. = Orochon. II, MN2,3 

Orotinan. On the W coast of Nica- 
ragua. IV, MIO 

Orotsi. An E Tungus tribe be- 
tween the Lower Amur and the 
sea, E Siberia. II, OP3 

Orotsko. = Oroke. II, P3 

Oroungou. = Orungn. I, CD5,6 

Orri. In S Nigeria. I, C5 

OrM. = Idzo. I, C5 

Orungu. On the coast N of the 
mouth of the Ogowe River, W 
Africa ; a Mpongwe-speaking 
people. I, CD 5,6 

Osage. The most important S 
Siouan tribe of the W division; 
in Arkansas and Oklahoma. IV, 
L7 

Osaka. On the upper Ogowe Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, D5,6 



0*6e^. = Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Oscan. An ancient Italic people 
who occupied a great part of S 
Italy. Ill, F4 

O^e^e. = Ossetians. Ill, J4 

Osheba, and Oshiba. = Osyeba. I, 
D5,6 

Oshiu. On the Ivory Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 

Oshun. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Oshyeba. = Osyeha. I, D5,6 

Oslo. The capital of Norway ; for- 
merly Christiania. Ill, F2,3 

Osmanli. In Asiatic and European 
Turkey. II, D-F4,5 

Osmanli Turks. = Osmanli. II, D— 
F4,5 

Oss. The Georgian name of the 
Ossetians. Ill, J4 

Osset. = Ossetians. Ill, J4 

Ossetians. In the central Caucasus. 

III, J4 

Ossetins, or Osetins, or Ossetes. 

= Ossetians. Ill, J4 
Ostiak. Between the middle Obi 

and the Yenisei rivers, Siberia. 

II, H-J2,3 

OSTRASIA. =AUSTRASIA. Ill, E4 

Ostrogoths. The East Goths, a 
Teutonic people which early in 
the Christian era overran the 
greater part of the Roman Em- 
pire. Ill, EF3,4 

sty ak.=^ Ostiak. II, H-J2,3 

Osyeha. = Yan. I, D5,6 

Otago. a provincial district. South 
Island, New Zealand. V, H8 

Otaki. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 

IV, H7 

Otamac. In E Colombia. VI, C2 
Otando. On the coast S of the 

lower Ogowe River, W Africa. 

I, CD6 
Otas-itaniuTV. Cheyenne name for 

the Caddo. IV, L7,8 



187 



Pacaguara 



Otawa. = Ottawa. IV, N6 
Ot-Danom. = lJlvL Ayer. V, B3 
Otemisch. A subdivision of the 

Tekke. II, GH4,5 
Othomi. = Otomi. IV, KL9 
Oto. = 0toe. IV, KL6,7 
Otoe. Formerly in S Nebraska; 
now on the Otoe reservation, 
Oklahoma. IV, KL6,7 
Otomaco. Formerly on the middle 

Orinoco, Venezuela. VI, D2 
Otomi. Very early inhabitants of 
NE Mexico; later in central 
Mexico. IV, KL9 
Otonnica. = Tomka. IV, LM7,8 
Otranto, Strait of. 44 miles 
wide, joining the Adriatic Sea 
to the Mediterranean Sea. Ill, 
F4,5 
Ottawa. On the Ottawa River, 
Canada, and S of Lake Huron. 
IV, N6 
Ottawa River. In Canada, flow- 
ing about 600 miles to the St. 
Lawrence River. IV, N06 
Otto. = Otoe. IV, KL6,7 
Ottomans. ^Osmanli. II, D-F4,5 
Otugunu. A subdivision of the 

Cheyenne. IV, KL6 
Otuki. In SE Bolivia. VI, DE4,5 
Otuqui. = Ot\jiki. VI, DE4,5 
Otway. a bay in S Chile. VI, C7 
Ouachita River. Flowing from 
W Arkansas 545 miles to the 
Red River, near its mouth. IV, 
L7,8 
Ouassoulonha. In W Sudan, Af- 
rica. I, B4 
Ouaycuru. = Guaycuru. VI, E4 
OuDH. Part of the United Prov- 



inces in British India. II, IJ6 

OmZo/. = Wolof. I, A4 

OwmaZoMmiwe. = Menomeni. IV, M 
6 

Oumamiawak. A subdivision of the 
Montagnais, 1. IV, 05,6 

Outagami. The Chippewa name 
for the Fox. IV, M6 

Ovaherero. = T>aTnava. I, D8 

Ovajamba.^ Ovamho. I, D8 

Ovambadyeru. a district in E 
central Southwest Africa. I, D8 

Ovambadyeru. In the district of 
the same name. Southwest Af- 
rica. I, D8 

Ovambo. An agricultural people 
in W Damaraland, Southwest 
Africa. I, D8 

Ovampo. = Ovambo. I, D8 

Ovangangela. = Ganguella. I, D7 

Ovens. An upper branch of the 
Murray, NE Victoria. V, E7 

Ommbundu.^Mhondo. I, D7 

Omanguttha. On the Murray and 
its tributary, the Goulburn, Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Owen Stanley Range. Moun- 
tains in SE British New Guin- 
ea. V, E4 

Oxus. Modern Amu Daria, q.v. II, 
G-I4,5 

O^ambz. = Oyampi. VI, E2 

Oyampi. In French Guiana, South 
America. VI, E2 

Ozark Hills (or Mountains), 
Highlands (a desiccated pla- 
teau) in Arkansas, Missouri, 
and Oklahoma. IV, L7 

Osfee^. = Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Ozuana. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the upper Amazon. VI, D3 



Aa-an. Native name of the Tung- 

thu. II, K7 
Pacabura. = Pacaguara. VI, D4 



Pacaguara. On the Madre de Dios 
River, a tributary of the Ma- 
deira, N Bolivia. VI, D4 



Pacaja 



188 



Pacaja. On the lower Amazon. VI^ 
E3 

Pacanaba. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Pacao. Formerly near San An- 
tonio, Texas. IV, L8 

Pacasa. On the E shore of Lake 
Titicaca, W Bolivia. VI, D4 

Pacauara. = Pacaguara, VI, D4 

Pacavara. = Pacaguara. VI, D4 

Paca/ra. = Pacaja. VI, E3 

Pacaya. (l) In NE Peru. VI, C3. 
(2) = Pacaja. VI, E3 

Pachalaque. A Coahuiltecan tribe 
at Nuestra Senora de la Pu- 
rfsma Concepcion de Acuna 
Mission, Texas, in the 1 8th cen- 
tury. IV, LB 

Pachenaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Pacific Ocean. From America W 
to Asia and Australia; 70,000,- 
000 sq.mi. ; its deepest point is 
32,078 feet, ofF Mindanao. 

Pacimonari. A subdivision of the 
Barre. VI, D3 

Padal. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

PacZam. = Abor. II, K6 

Padang. a city on the W coast of 
Sumatra. V, A4 

Padas. a stream in British North 
Borneo. V, B3 

Padlimiut. A subdivision of the 
Akudnirmiut. IV, 03 

Padouca. The Sioux name of the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Padre Island. OflP the E coast of 
Texas. IV, L8 

Padung. On the lower Salwin, 
Burma. II, K7 

Pae. On both slopes of the central 
Cordillera, Colombia. VI, C2 

Paes, or Paez, or Paezes. Plural 
forms of Pae, the last one being 
a double plural. VI, C2 

Pa-fan Miao. In SW Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 



Paganavo. Shoshone and Coman- 
che name for the Cheyenne. IV, 
KL6 

Pagatsu. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche; now extinct. IV, KL7 

Pagni. In SE Tibet. II, K5,6 

Pahalia. = Maler. II, IJ6 

Pahang. a native state in the 
Federated Malay States. II, L8 

Paharia. (1) In the SE part of 
Kashmir, India. II, l5. (2) = 
Maler. II, IJ6 

Pah-Ede. = Paiute. IV, J7 

Pahlava. Parthians of Persia who 
settled in NW India in the 2d 
century b.c. II, 15,6 

Pah-nute. = Paiute. IV, J7 

Pahoja. Native name for the Iowa. 
IV, LM6 

Pahouin. = Fan. I, CD5,6 

Pahri. In central Nepal. II, J6 

Pahucha. Native name of the 
Iowa. IV, LM6 

Pahuin. = Fan. I, CD5,6 

Pah-Utah. = Vamte. IV, J7 

Pah-Vant. S of the Great Salt 
Lake, Utah. IV, J6,7 

Pal = Pai-y. II, L6 

Paiconeca. On the Rio Blanco, 
Bolivia. VI, D4 

Paidi Domb. A subdivision of the 
Domb, II, 17 

Paiguize. One of the names of the 
Mundrucu. VI, E3 

Pai-Ih. = Pai-y. II, L6 

Painchunga. On the SE coast of 
South Australia. V, D7 

Painted Desert. In NE Arizona. 
IV, J7 

Paiute. A term involved in great 
confusion. In common usage it 
has been applied at one time or 
another to most of the Sho- 
shonean tribes of W Utah, N 
Arizona, S Idaho, E Oregon, 
Nevada, and E and S Califor- 
nia; but chiefly to those in Ne- 



189 

vada, SW Utah, and NW Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

Paiwan. In the S extremity of 
Formosa. II, N6 

Pai-y. In S and W Yunnan, Chi- 
na; a Chinese name for the 
Shans in China, II, L6 

Pai-yu-tsi. = Vaxaie. IV, J7 

Pahase. Near Lake Titicaca, W 
Bolivia. VI, D4 

PaJcawa. = Pacao. IV, L8 

PaJchpu. On the upper Yarkand 
Daria, East Turkestan. II, H4 

Pahhpuluh. In N Kashmir, India. 
II, 15 

Pahi. One of the native names of 
the Sgan. II, K7 

Pahuruhal. A subdivision of the 
Paiwan. II, N6 

P'a-la. In the S part of Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Palaihnihan. Formerly recognized 
as a linguistic family in NE 
California, but probably to be 
regarded as only a branch of 
the Shastan family. IV, H6 

Palaik. Formerly in N California ; 
now extinct.^ IV, H6 

Palaman. a native state of E 
India. II, J6 

Palangui. a river in central Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 

Palatinate. In W Germany, 
consisting of Bavaria, Baden, 
Hesse, Rhenish Prussia. Ill, E 
3,4 

Palauane. = Taghanua. V, BC2,3 

Palaung. W of the middle Salwin 
(lat. 24°N), Burma. II, K6 

Palawan. An island in the SW 
Philippines. V, B2,3 

Palembang. In SE Sumatra. V, 
A4 

Palenca. = 'Palenqne. VI, D2 

Palenque. a village in Chiapas, 
Mexico; ruins nearby. IV, L9 



Pambadequez 

Palenque. In Bermudez, Vene- 
zuela; now extinct. VI, D2 

Palermo. A seaport city in N 
Sicily. Ill, F5 

Pales. = 'Palaung. II, K6 

Palestine. Biblical Canaan; a 
country in SW Syria. II, E 5 

Paligar. In Travancore, S India. 
II, 17,8 

Palin Maloh. A subdivision of the 
Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Paliyan. In S India. II, 17 

Pallanganmiddah. In NE Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Palli. In S India. II, 17 

Palma. (1) a former native king- 
dom on the Slave Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, C5. (2) An island in 
the Canary group, W of Mo- 
rocco. I, A3 

Palmella. In Beni, Bolivia. VI, D4 

Palomo. On the Rio Vermejo, N 
Argentina. VI, DE5 

Paloos. A Shahaptian tribe for- 
merly occupying the valley of 
Palouse River in Washington 
and Idaho, and the N bank of 
the Snake River as far as its 
junction with the Columbia. IV, 
HJ6 

Paloung. In the W part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Palouse. A tributary of the Snake 
River in SE Washington. IV, 
H6 

Palouse. = Paloos. IV, H J6 

Palpuma. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Palyeri. A subdivision of the Kari- 
era. V, BC7 

Pamaque. A Coahuiltecan tribe 
formerly living between the 
Nueces and San Antonio rivers, 
near the Texas coast. IV, L8 

Pambadequez. On the Maranon, 
the upper part of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 



Pambizimina 



190 



Pambizimina. The Shoshone name 
for the Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Pamenua. On the Yapura and the 
Uaupes, tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. VI, CD2,3 

Pames. In the SE part of San 
Luis Potosi, Mexico. IV, K9 

Pamiri. In the Pamirs, central 
Asia. II, 15 

Pamirs. Highlands of Turkestan, 
central Asia; 11,000 to 25,000 
feet high. II, 16 

P amis. = Fames. IV, K9 

Pamlico. On the river of the same 
name. North Carolina. IV, N7 

Pammana. = Pammary. VI, D3 

Pammary. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Pampa. a territory in central Ar- 
gentina. VI, D6 

Pampa. The Spanish name for the 
Puelche. VI, D6 

Pampanga. a province in central 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Pampango. In Pampanga, a prov- 
ince of Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Pampanilla. In Santa Marta prov- 
ince, Colombia. VI, Cl 

Pampeans. In Patagonia, Argen- 
tina. VI, CD7 

Pampopa. A Coahuiltecan tribe 
formerly living on Nueces Riv- 
er, Texas. IV, L8 

Pampticohe. Near Cape Hatteras, 
on the coast of North Carolina. 
IV, 07 

Pamunkey. a river in Virginia, 
75 miles long, flowing into the 
York River. IV, N7 

Pamunhey. The leading tribe of 
the Powhatan confederacy of 
Virginia. IV, N7 

Panack. = Bannock. IV, J6 

Panama. An isthmus (the narrow- 
est part about 30 miles wide) 
joining Central America and 



South America, and separating 
the Atlantic from the Pacific. 
IV, N10,11 

Panamint. In California. IV, H7 

Panan. In S India. II, 17 

Panana. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4, 

Panare. On the Cauca River, W 
Colombia. VI, C2 

Panatagua. On the Huallaga, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Panay. An island in the central 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Panche. On the right bank of the 
Magdalena, Colombia. VI, C2 

Pangasiman. a province in N 
central Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Pangasimans. In the NW part of 
Pangasiman, and various locali- 
ties of Zambales, Nueva Ecija, 
and Benguet, Luzon, Philippine 
Islands. V, C2 

Panggarang. On the Murray, N 
Victoria. V, E7 

Pangong. a lake in W Tibet, II, 
L5 

Panguiane. = Pungiane. V, C2 

Pani. (1) In NE Baluchistan. II, 
H5,6. (2) = Pawnee. IV, KL6,7 

Panibotia Miri. In N Assam, In- 
dia. II, K6 

Paniquita. Between the upper 
Magdalena and the upper Cau- 
ca, Colombia. VI, C2 

Paniyan. In Malabar, a district of 
Madras, India. II, 17 

Panjab. a province in British 
NW India ; also called Punjab. 
II, 15,6 

Panjkora. a tributary of the 
Kabul, a branch of the Indus, 
India. II, 15 

Panka. A hill tribe of central In- 
dia. II, 16 

Pannonia. a Roman province. 



191 



Parauano 



mostly in modern Hungary. III^ 
FG4 

Pano. Formerly in the Ucayali 
district^ Peru; now almost ex- 
tinct. This tribe gives its name 
to the Pano linguistic family. 
VI, C3 

Pantagoro. On both banks of the 
Magdalena, Colombia. VI, C2 

Pantasma. On the upper Rio Coco, 
N Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Panthay. In the E part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Panuipuye. A subdivision of the 
Igorrote. V, C2 

Pawwe. = Fan. I, CD5,6 

Pan-yao. In Kwangsi and Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 

Pan-y-shan-tze. In the moimtains 
of Kwangsi on the Tonkinese 
frontier. II, L6 

Panzacola. = 'Pensaco\a,. IV, MN8 

Paoli. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Paouen. = Fan. I, CD5,6 

Papahuco. In Oajaca, Mexico. IV, 
L9 

Papago. A Piman tribe, closely 
allied to the Pima, whose origi- 
nal home was in SE Arizona. 
IV, J7 

Papagua. On the Maranon, the up- 
per part of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Papanase. Formerly on the coast 
of Espirito Santo, Brazil. VI, 
FG4,5 

Papayo. = Papago. IV, J7 

Pap el. = Pepel. I, A4 

Paphlagonia. An ancient country 
and Roman province in N Asia 
Minor, on the Black Sea. II, E4 

Papioco. = Piapoco. VI, CD2 

Papitsinima. Comanche name of 
the Dakota. IV, KL5,6 

Papua. A territory in the SE part 
of New Guinea ; also a name for 
the whole of New Guinea. V, D 
E4 



Papuans. (1) Non-Malay native 
tribes in New Guinea. V, DE4. 
(2) A collective name for the 
natives of New Guinea, the 
Solomon Islands, New Britain, 
New Ireland, the New Hebri- 
des, New Caledonia, and the 
Fiji Islands. V, D-H4-6 

Papunaua. = Isanna. VI, D3 

Para. A state in N Brazil. VI, E 
F3 

Paradise Valley. Near Mount 
Rainier, Washington. IV, H6 

Paraguay. (1) A river in South 
America, 1,420 miles long, flow- 
ing from Matto Grosso state, 
BrazU, to the Parana River. VI, 
E4,5. (2) A republic in South 
America, between the Parana 
and Paraguay rivers ; 97,722 sq. 
mi. VI, DE5 

Parahyba. a state and river in 
NE Brazil. VI, G3 

Paramo. A river in N Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Paramoni. Acawoi Carib Indians 
in the forest country of British 
Guiana, South America. VI, E2 

Parana. (1) A river in South 
America, 2,000 miles long, from 
Minas Geraes state, Brazil, to 
the Plata River. VI, DE4-6. 

(2) A state in S Brazil. VI, E5. 

(3) A city in Argentina. VI, 
D6 

Parancha. In Kohat and Pesha- 
war, districts of the Panjab, 
India. II, 15 

Paraqui. On the Rio Negro, an 
affluent of the Amazon; now ex- 
tinct. VI, D3 

Pararauate. On the Xingu, Brazil. 
VI, E3 

Parauama. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CD3 

Parauano. On the lower Rio Bran- 
co, N Brazil; now extinct. VI, 
D2,3 



Parauhuno 



192 



Parauhuno. Near Maracaibo, in 
Venezuela and Colombia. VI, 
Cl,2 

Parava. Fishermen of the Tinne- 
velly coast, S Madras presi- 
dency, British India. II, 17,8 

Paravilhano. = Parauano. VI, D2,3 

Parbatia. = Paharia. II, 15 

Pardo, Rio. A stream in Minas 
Geraes, E Brazil. VI, F4 

Pare. In Dutch Borneo. V, B4 

Pareca. On the lower ' Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Parecz. = Parexi. VI, E3 

Parena. = Pareni. VI, C2 

Parene. = Pareni. VI, C2 

Pareni. In the E part of Colom- 
bia; now extinct. VI, C2 

Parentintin. On the middle Tapa- 
jos, Brazil. VI, E3 

Paressi. = Farexi. VI, E3 

Parexi. On the headwaters of the 
Tapajos, Brazil. VI, E3 

Parheya. Near Chota Nagpur, In- 
dia. II, IJ6 

Paria. a village in SW Bolivia. 
VI, D4 

Pariacoto. = Pariagoto. VI, D2 

Pariagoto. In NE Venezuela. VI, 
D2 

Pariah peoples. Groups of inferior 
broken peoples in the E of 
Uganda Protectorate, Kenya 
Colony, British and Italian 
Somaliland. Some of these may 
be regarded as representing a 
very early population, while 
others seem rather to be dis- 
rupted portions of higher stocks. 
All of them have been oppressed 
by the more dominant groups. 
Among these Pariah peoples 
are the following: Tomal, Mid- 
gan, Jebir or Jiber, Boni, Doro- 
bo, and Konono. I, F-H4-6 

Pariama. On the Beni, a tribu- 
tary of the Madeira, Bolivia. 
VI, D4 



Pariana. On the Tocantins, Brazil. 
VI, F3 

Parias. = Parigoto. VI, D2 

Parigina. a town in San Cristo- 
val, Solomon Islands, Mela- 
nesia. V, F4 

Paringnoba. On the SE coast of 
Queensland. V, F6 

Pam. = Mundrucu. VI, E3 

Pami. = Parexi. VI, E3 

Pariyan. In the Tamil districts in 
S Madras presidency, India. II, 
17,8 

Parisarizao. A subdivision of the 
Paiwan. II, N6 

ParA;MTCg-i. = Barkinj i. V, E7 

Parnahyba. a river 750 miles 
long, between Maranhao and 
Piauhy states, Brazil, flowing 
into the Atlantic Ocean. VI, F3 

Parnkalla. On the W shore of 
Spencer's Gulf, South Austra- 
lia. V, D7 

Paroo. a small river in S Queens- 
land and N New South Wales. 
V, E6 

Paros. a Greek island in the 
Aegean Sea. Ill, G5 

Parrano. A subdivision of the 
Llameo. VI, C3 

Parrastah. On the Rio Mico, a 
tributary of the Escondido Riv- 
er, Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Parsees. = Parsis. II, G— 15— 7 

Parsis. Zoroastrians descended 
from Persian refugees who set- 
tled in India, mostly at Bom- 
bay, about the end of the 7th 
and the beginning of the 8th 
century. In Persia, they remain 
still in the country between Is- 
pahan and the Persian Gulf. II, 
G-I5-7 

Parthians. SE of the Caspian Sea, 
in ancient Parthis; noted for 
their fighting on horseback with 
the bow, their horses being 



193 



Pawindah 



turned as if in flight after each 
shot. II, G5 

Paru. a tributary of the lower 
Amazon in NE Brazil. VI, E 
2,3 

Paruinji. On the Paroo River, 
New South Wales. V, E7 

Pasca^oZa. = Pascagoula. IV, M8 

Pascagoula. A small tribe of (Siou- 
an.^) Indians formerly living in 
S Mississippi and Louisiana. IV, 
M8 

Pas^^M. = Afghans. II, H5 

Past. In North-Western Provinces, 
India. II, HI5 

Passaguate. In S Chihuahua, Mex- 
ico; now extinct. IV, K8 

Passamaquoddy . A small tribe be- 
longing to the Abnaki confeder- 
acy; in Maine and New Bruns- 
wick. IV, 0P6 

Passe. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CDS 

Pam. = Pasi. II, HI5 

Passumah. In the S part of Su- 
matra. V, A4! 

Pastassa. An upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Pastassa. In Ecuador. VI, C3 

Po«fas:o. = Pastassa. VI, C3 

Pastiva. On the Marafion, the up- 
per part of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Patacho. In SE Bahia, Brazil. VI, 
G4 

Patagonia. The former name of 
a region in South America, now 
mostly included in S Argentina. 
VI, CD7,8 

Patagonians. In Patagonia, South 
America. VI, CD7,8 

Pataguo. A Coahuiltecan tribe, for- 
merly living NE of the Rio 
Grande, Texas. IV, KL8 

Patamong. a town in British Gui- 
ana. VI, E2 

Patamat. In N California. IV, H6 

Paiawa^. = Patawat. IV, H6 



Pathan. The Hindu name for the 
Afghans. II, H5 

Pati. = Batl I, B5 

Patia. a river in SW Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Patiala. The plains country in S 
Panjab, NW India. II, 16 

Patmos. An island W of Asia 
Minor. II, D5 

Pa-tsai Heh-Miao. In the SE part 
of Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Patua. = Juang. II, J6,7 

Patuxent. An Algonquian tribe 
formerly living in what is now 
Calvert County, Maryland. IV, 
N7 

Patmin. A name used to designate 
a division of the Copehan fam- 
ily (q.v.) ; in N California; for- 
merly embraced twenty-three 
small tribes. IV, H7 

Pawc^. = Allakaweah. IV, J 6 

Paudacoto. Near the Cauca River, 
W Colombia. VI, C2 

Paumari. A subtribe of the Puru- 
puru on the Purus River, cen- 
tral Brazil. VI, D3 

Paumota. = Low Archipelago, E 
central Polynesia. V, M5,6 

Paunaca. = Faiconeca. VI, D4 

Paunaque. = Bannock. IV, J6 

Paunch. = Minnetari. IV, K6 

PoMOMz«. = Fan. I, CD5,6 

Paupakan. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Paute. A subdivision of the Jivaro. 
VI, C3 

Pauxiana. On the Rio Branco, N 
Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Pa«a. = Peba. VI, C3 

Paviana. On the Putumayo, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Paviotso. In W Nevada and S 
Oregon. IV, H6 

Patvindah. Between Khorasan (a 
district of SE Afghanistan) 



Pawnee 



194< 



and India; the name applied in 
Derajat (a division of the Pan- 
jab) to all those migratory Pa- 
than tribes who come down to 
British territory in winter, re- 
turning, as summer approaches, 
to Afghanistan. II, Hl5,6 
Pawnee. A confederacy belonging 
to the Caddoan Family; in the 
valley of the Platte and Re- 
publican rivers, Nebraska and 
Kansas. IV, KL6,7 ' 
Pawiacfcef . = Pennacook, IV, 06 
Pamumwa. Indians of Chapacuran 

stock in Bolivia. VI, D4 
Paxiana. On the Rio Branco, N 

Brazil. VI, D2,3 
Pay. = Pai-y. II, L6 
Paya. In Nicaragua and Hon- 
duras. IV, MIO 
Payaha. On the Putumayo, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 
Payagua. ( 1 ) A Guaycuru tribe in 
the Gran Chaco of Paraguay. 
VI, DE5. (2) Near the mouth 
of the Napo, an upper branch 
of the Amazon. VI, C3 
Payana. = VaY\a.iQ.Si. VI, C3 
Pay ay a. A prominent Coahuilte- 
can tribe living in the latter 
part of the 17th century on San 
Antonio River, Texas. IV, L 8 
Payorvan. = Va.xwan. II, N6 
Peace River. In British Colum- 
bia and Alberta, Canada, about 
1,050 miles long, flowing into 
Great Slave River, IV, HJ4,5 
Pear. In French Indo-China. II, 

L7 
Peha. Between the Napo and the 
Putumayo, tributaries of the up- 
per Amazon. VI, C3 
Pecaneaux. = Piegan. IV, J5,6 
PecAerai. = Fuegians. VI, CDS 
Pechili. = Chihli. II, MN4 
Pechora, A river in Russia, 980 
miles long, from the Ural Moun- 



tains to the Arctic Ocean. Ill, 
K2 

Pechuyo. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Pedraza. In Colombia. VI, C2 

Peek-whuurong. In SW Victoria. 
V, E7 

Pegu, A nation which strove with 
the Burman for ascendancy in 
the country which is now Bur- 
ma. II, K6,7 

Pe^wan. = Talaing. II, K7 

Peh Chong-kia. In S Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Peheng. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. V, 
B4 

Peh- j en. = Mm-h.ia-tze. II, L6 

Peh-la-chi. In SE Yunnan, China, 
II, L6 

Peh Lo-lo. In parts of Szechuan, 
Yunnan, and Kuichau, China, 
II, L6 

Peh-long-kia. In W Kuichau, Chi- 
na, II, L6 

Peh Miao. In the central and W 
parts of Yunnan, China, II, L6 

Peh-p'a-la. In SE Yunnan, China, 
II, L6 

Pehuenche. E of the Cordilleras, 
N of the Rio Colorado, Argen- 
tina, and in central Chile (about 
lat. 35°S), VI, CD6 

Peiping. The modern name of 
Peking. II, M5 

Pezpo, = Pepo, II, N6 

Peking. A city in Chihli prov- 
ince, China; the capital of Chi- 
na. II, M5 

Pekrvan. On the lower Klamath 
River, California. IV, H6 

Pelado. On the Huallaga, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon, VI, 
C3 

Pelasgi. A people who in prehis- 
toric times occupied Greece and 
the coast region of the Aegean 
Sea, III, G4,5 



195 



Persia 



Pelew Islands. (German^ Palau 
Inseln.) a group in W Micro- 
nesia. V, D3 

Pelone. A subdivision of the Apa- 
che. IV, JK7 

Peloponnesus. The Morea, S 
Greece. Ill, G5 

Pemba. An island N of Zanzibar 
Island, E Africa. I, F6 

Penang. a British island off the 
W coast of the Malay Penin- 
sula. II, K8 

Penateka. A subdivision of the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Pend d'Oreilles. ^Kalispehn. IV, 
HJ6 

Peneh. The Patagonian name for 
the Puelche. VI, D6 

Penelethka. A subdivision of the 
Comanche. IV, KL7 

Peneus River. In Thessaly, an- 
cient Greece; modern Salam- 
bria. Ill, G4 

Peng. On the Koti River in the 
NE part of Dutch Borneo. V, 
B4 

Pen- j en. = Jio-m. II, L6 

Pennacooh. A confederacy of Al- 
gonquian tribes that occupied 
the basin of the Merrimac Riv- 
er and the adjacent regions in 
New Hampshire, NE Massa- 
chusetts, and the extreme S part 
of Maine. IV, 06 

Pennsylvania. One of the middle 
Atlantic states. United States. 
IV, N06,7 

Penobscot. A tribe of the Abnaki 
confederacy around Penobscot 
River and Bay, Maine. IV, 06 

Penom. = Peunong. II, L7 

Pensa. a government in S central 
Russia. Ill, J3 

Pensacola. Formerly in W Flori- 
da; now extinct. IV, MN8 

Pentecost. An island in the New 
Hebrides, Melanesia. V, G5 

Peoria. One of the principal tribes 



of the Illinois Confederacy, liv- 
ing near the Illinois River. IV, 
M6,7 

Pepel. S of the Casamanza River, 
W Africa. I, A4 

Pepo. An aboriginal tribe adopt- 
ing Chinese customs, dispersed 
on the W plains of Formosa, 
and some of them settled in the 
E plains. II, N6 

Pequawket. A tribe of the Abnaki 
confederacy in New Hampshire 
and Maine. IV, 06 

Pequeya. A subdivision of the 
Encabellado. VI, C3 

Pequiba. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Pequot. An Algonquian tribe of 
Connecticut and SE New York ; 
now extinct. IV, 06 

Perak. a state of the Federated 
Malay States. II, L8 

Pergamum, or Pergamon. A city 
and kingdom in the Roman 
province in Asia Minor. II, F5 

Periate. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CDS 

Pericu. In the S extremity of 
Lower California, Mexico. IV, 
J8,9 

PericMrM. = Pericu. IV, J 8,9 

Pengwe. = Pericu. IV, J8,9 

Perizzites. A people who lived W 
of the Jordan in Palestine of 
the Old Testament. II, E 5 

Perm. A government in E Russia. 
Ill, K3 

PermzaA;*. = Permians. Ill, JK3 

Permians. In the governments of 
Perm and Vyatka, Russia. Ill, 
JK3 

Pernambuco. a state in E Brazil. 
VI, G3 

Persepolis. An ancient city (now 
ruins) in SW Persia. II, G6 

Persia. A country in SW Asia; 
628,000 sq.mi. II, F-H5,6 



Persian Gulf 



196 



Persian Gulf. SW of Persia and 
between Persia and the Arabian 
peninsula. II, FG6 

Persians. The people of Persia. 
II, F-H5,6 

Perfo6e. = Warrnambul. V, E7 

Peru. A republic in W South 
America; 709,871 sq.mi. VI, B- 
D3,4 

Perugia. A province in central 
Italy, coextensive with Umbria; 
also its capital city. Ill, F4 

Pescadores. An island group be- 
tween Formosa and China. II, 
M6 

Peshawa. = Peshawar. II, 15 

Peshawar. A city and district in 
the North-West Frontier Prov- 
inces of India. II, I5 

Peshere. = Alikulut VI, D8 

Pessi. In Liberia, W Africa. I, A 
B5 

Pessinus. a town in Galatia, cen- 
tral Asia Minor. II, E 5 

Peul. = Fnlah. I, B-E4.,6 

PeMmon^. = Peunong. II, L7 

Peunong. The Cambodian term for 
the Moi. II, L7 

Peva. = Veba. VI, C3 

Phaeaceans. Inhabitants of the 
isle of Scheria, as recounted in 
the Odyssey. Ill, G5 

Phaki. A branch of the Tai or 
Shan stock which came into As- 
sam from Burma about 1810. 
II, K6 

Pharsi. = V avsi. II, G-I5-7 

Philippine Islands. A group of 
about two thousand islands SE 
of Asia. V, BC2,3 

Philistines. Inhabitants of an an- 
cient maritime country (Philis- 
tia) in West Syria. II, E5 

P/inom. = Peunong. II, L7 

Phoenicians. A maritime people 
living in W Syria. II, E5 

Phrygians. Inhabitants of an an- 



cient country in Asia Minor: 
Phrygia Major was in the cen- 
tral part; Phrygia Minor along 
the NW coast. II, EF4,5 

Pianagoto. On the Rio Branco, N 
Brazil. VI, D2 

Piankashaw. Formerly a subtribe 
of the Miami, but later a sepa- 
rate people ; in Indiana and Illi- 
nois. IV, M6,7 

Piankishaw. = ViaTaka.sh.&v?. IV, M 
6,7 

Pianocoto. = Pianagoto. VI, D2 

Piapoco. On the Guaviare, an up- 
per branch of the Orinoco, Co- 
lombia. VI, CD2 

Piaroa. On both banks of the Ori- 
noco, near the confluence of the 
Vichada, Colombia. VI, D2 

PiAUHY. A state in NE Brazil. VI, 
F3 

Pichunche. Between Coquimbo Bay 
and Santiago, central Chile. VI, 
C6 

Picts. A people who inhabited part 
of the Highlands of Scotland 
and other regions in that vicini- 
ty. Ill, D3 

Pidatano. In Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Pieffe. = Paiute. IV, J7 

Piedgan. = Viegan. IV, J5,6 

Piegan. One of the three tribes of 
the Siksika, or Blackfoot, con- 
federacy; in Montana and Al- 
berta. IV, J5,6 

Pieria. a region in ancient Mace- 
donia, W of the Gulf of Salo- 
niki; the seat of the worship of 
the Muses. Ill, G4 

Pigmy. = Vjgvaj. I, EF5 

Pijao. In SW Colombia. VI, C2 

Pikkolatpan. On the upper Mur- 
ray, Victoria. V, E7 

Pilaga. On the middle reaches of 
the Pilcomayo, in the N Gran 
Chaco, South America. VI, D5 



197 



Pit River Indians 



PiLCOMAYO. A river flowing from 
Bolivia about 1,000 miles to the 
Paraguay River nearly opposite 
Asuncion. VI, DE5 

Pilingmiut. On the W coast of 
Baffin Land, Canada. IV, OP3,4 

Pilladapa. In South Australia, V, 
D6 

Pillarvinbulluk. In the Pyrenees 
Mountains, Victoria. V, E7 

Pima. As popularly known, the 
name of a division of the Piman 
family living in the valley of 
the Gila and Salt rivers in S 
Arizona. IV, J7 

Piman Family. One of the N 
branches of the Nahuatl or 
Aztec Family, and of the So- 
noran branch of the Uto-Aztec- 
an family; in NW Mexico. IV, 
J7,8 

Pimbwe. In Tanganyika. I, F6 

Pinal Coyotero. A part of the 
Coyotero Apache, whose chief 
rendezvous was the Pinal Moun- 
tains and their vicinity, N of the 
Gila River in Arizona. IV, J7 

Pinaleno. A division of the Apa- 
che, evidently more closely re- 
lated to the Chiricahua than to 
any other group; in SE Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

PinanJcei. In the E plains of For- 
mosa. II, N6 

Pinche. In S Ecuador. VI, C3 

Pindo. In S Ecuador. VI, C3 

Pines, Isle of. A Cuban island S 
of W Cuba. IV, N9 

P'ing-fah. In S Kuichau, China. 
II, L6 

Pinoba. In Queensland, opposite 
Great Sandy Island. V, F6 

Pintado. (l) = Bisaya. V, C2,3. (2) 
In Santa Marta province, Co- 
lombia. VI, Cl 

Pinto. = Facao. IV, L8 

Pinutgu. A subdivision of the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 



Piocaca. In Santa Cruz, Bolivia. 
VI, D4 

Pioje. On the Napo and the Aqua- 
rico (Ecuador), upper branches 
of the Amazon ; also met with on 
the Putumayo. VI, C3 

P'i-pao Keh-lao. In SW Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Pipil. = Fipile. IV, MlO 

Pipile. In Salvador and Guate- 
mala. IV, MlO 

Pira. A subdivision of the Uaupes. 
VI, D2,3 

Piriaiuru. A subdivision of the 
Uaupes. VI, D2,3 

Piriquita. On the Tapajos, Brazil. 
VI, E3 

Piritu. On the N coast of Vene- 
zuela. VI, Dl,2 

Piro. Formerly one of the prin- 
cipal Pueblo tribes of New 
Mexico. IV, K7,8 

Pirro. On the Ucayali (lat. 10°— 
12°S), an upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C4 

P'i-sa-k'o-toh. In NE Yunnan, 
China. II, L6 

Pi«(2*. A subdivision of the Uaupes. 
VI, D2,3 

PisiDiA. An ancient country and 
Roman province, S Asia Minor. 
II, E5 

Pishwau. = Pisquou. IV, H6 

PisQUi. A stream in S Peru. VI, 
C4 

Pisquou. In Washington. IV, H6 

Pisquow. = 'Pisc{uou. IV, H6 

PiTCAiRN Island. In the S Pa- 
cific Ocean, about 130°W, 25° 
S ; the mutineers of the Bounty 
settled here. V, N6 

Pitilaga. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 

Pitkachi. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Pit River Indians. Inclusive term 
for the Achomawi and Atsugewi. 
IV, H6 



Pitta-Pitta 



198 



Pitta-Pitta. In Queensland, Aus- 
tralia. V, E5,6 

Pituruna. On the Curitiba River, 
Parana, S Brazil. VI, F5 

Pium. On the Rio Isanna, a tribu- 
tary of the Rio Negro, Brazil. 
VI, D3 

PiuRA. A river in NW Peru. VI, 
B3 

Piute. = IP aiuie. IV, J7 

Piza. A subdivision of the Ho-ni. 

II, L6 

Plain Damara. = Ovaherero. I, D8 

Plains Indians. Indians who in- 
habited or wandered over the 
plains of the United States, W 
of the Mississippi River. IV, 
KL6,7 

Plata, Rio de la. An estuary, 
185 miles long, of the Parana 
and Uruguay rivers, between 
Uruguay and Argentina. VI, E 
6 

Platte. A river in the United 
States, flowing from Colorado 
and Wyoming to the Missouri 
River. IV, KL6,7 

Pliran Madang. A subdivision of 
the Madang. V, B3 

Pnong. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Po. A river in N Italy, 418 miles 
long, flowing into the Adriatic 
Sea. Ill, F4 

Poam Porno. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Pockety. On the Tocantins, Bra- 
zil. VI, F3 

Pocoman. = Pokonchi. IV, M9,10 

Poconc/ii. = Pokonchi. IV, M9,10 

Podolia. a government in Russia. 

III, H4 

PoGGi Island. To the W of S 
central Sumatra, Dutch East 
Indies. V, A4 

Pogisoca. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 



PohaUin Tinleh. Near Lake Tu- 
lare, California. IV, H7 

Pohoi. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche. IV, KL7 

Point Barrow. A cape in N Alas- 
ka, long. 156°W. IV, CDS 

Po-Klo. A subdivision of the Sa- 
kai. II, L8 

Po^owam. = Pokonchi. IV, M9,10 

P ok Oman. = Pokonchi. IV, M9,10 

Pokonchi. In central Guatemala. 
IV, M9,10 

Pokra. a former native kingdom 
on the Slave Coast, W Africa. 
I, C6 

Poland. A country in E central 
Europe; 146,821 sq.mi. Ill, F 
G3,4 

Poles. In Poland. Ill, FG3,4 

Polindara. On the headwaters of 
the Cauca River, Colombia. VI, 
C2 

P'o-Zwng-. = Paloung. II, L6 

Polynesia. A group of islands of 
the central Pacific Ocean, of 
which the more important is- 
lands and groups are as fol- 
lows [the principal ones are in 
small capitals] : (V, H-Nl-8) 

Actaeon 
Arorai 

AXTSTEAL (TtJBUAI) IsLANDS 

Ravaivai (Vivitao) 

Rimitara 

Rouroutou (Rurutu) 

Rurutu (Rouroutou) 

Tubuai 

Vivitao (Ravaivai) 
Baker I. 

Bass I. (Maretiri) 
Bellinghausen 
Bird I. 
Birnie I. 
Canton I. 
Caroline Atoll 
Christmas I. 
Cook (Hervet) Islands 

Aitutaki 

Arorangi 

Atiu (Vatiu) 

Auotu 

Fenuaiti (Takutea) 



199 



Polynesia {Continued) 



Hervey Is. 

HuU Is. 

Mangaia 

Mauki (Parry I.) 

Meticro 

Parry I. (Mauki) 

Rarotonga 

Takutea (Fenuaiti) 

Titikaveka 

Vatiu (Atiu) 
Cure I. (Ocean I.) 
Curtis I. 
Danger Is. 
Ducie I. 
Eluce Islaxds 

De Peyster I. (Nukufetau) 

Egg (Nui or Netherland) 

EUice I. (Funafuti) 

Fanutapu 

Funafuti (EUice I.) 

Gran Cocal 

Hudson I. (Nauomana) 

Lynx (Niutao or Speiden I.) 

Mitchell I. (Nukulailai) 

Nauomana (Hudson I.) 

Nauomea (St. Augustine I.) 

Netherland (Nui or Egg) 

Niutao (Lynx or Speiden I.) 

Nui (Egg or Netherland) 

Nukufetau (De Peyster I.) 

Nukulailai (Mitchell I.) 

St. Augustine I. (Nauomea) 

Speiden (Niutao or Lynx I.) 

Tracy I. (Vaitupu) 

Vaitupu (Tracy I.) 
Enderbury I. 
Fanning I. 
Fanualai 

Fenna Ura (ScHly Is.) 
Flint I. 

Friendlt Islands (see Toi^ga) 
Gambier I. 
Gardner I. (27 °N) 
Gardner I. (T^S) 
Gente Hermosa I. 
Hawaiian Islands 

Hawaii 

Kauai 

Kaula 

Maui 

Molokai 

Niihau 

Oahu 
Henderson I. 

Hervey Islands (see Cook Is.) 
Howland I. 
Hull I. 
Jervis I. 
Johnston I. 



Kermadoc Is. 
Laysan I. 
L'Esperance 
Lisiansky I. 

Low Archipelago (or Patjmota, 
or TrAMOTTT, Islands) 

Ahii (Peacock I.) 

Ahunui (Byam Martin I.) 

Aurora (Makatea) 

Bird I. (Reitoru) 

Byam Martin I. (Ahunui) 

Disappointment Is. 

Duke of Gloucester Is. 

Fakaina (Predpriatie) 

Hiti 

Lazareff (Mataheva) 

Makatea (Aurora) 

Mataheva (Lazareff) 

Peacock I. (Ahii) 

Predpriatie (Fakaina) 

Raeffski 

Reitoru (Bird I.) 

Tuanaka 
McCauley I. 
McKean I. 
Maiden I. 
Manahiki 
Manihi 
Manuiki 

Maretiri (Bass I.) 
MARQtjESAS Islands 

Adams I. (Roa Pua) 

Chanal I. (Fetu-huhu) 

Coral Is. 

Dominica (Hiva-oa) 

Fatu-hiva (Magdalena I.) 

Fetu-hugo (Hood I.) 

Fetu-huhu (Chanal I.) 

Hiau (Masse I.) 

Hiva-oa (Dominica) 

Hood I. (Fetu-hugo) 

Hua-huna (Washington I.) 

Magdalena I. (Fatu-hiva) 

Marchand I. (Nukahiva) 

Masse I. (Hiau) 

Motane (S. Pedro) 

Nukahiva (Marchand I.) 

Roa Pua (Adams I.) 

Robert Is. 

S. Pedro (Motane) 

Tauata 

Washington I. (Hua-huna) 
Midway I. 
Mopeha 
Morone 
Moruroa 
Nantucket I. 
Nassau I. 
Necker I. 



Polynesia {Continued) 



New I. 

New York I. (Washington I.) 
New Zeaxakd 
Nieu 
Ninafu 
Ninatobutabu 
Nuvakita 

Ocean I. (Cure I.) 
Oeno 

Ono i Lau Is. 
Palmerston 
Palmyra I. 

Patjmota (or Low Archipelago) 
Phoenix Islands 
Phoenix I. 
Pitcairn I. 
Rahiroa 
Rakahanga 
Raoul (Sunday) 
Rapa 
Rotuma I. 
Samoan Islands 
Manua Is. 
Ofu 
Rose I. 
S avail 
Tutuila 
Upolu 
Scilly Is. (Fenna Ura) 
Society Islands 
Leeward Group: 
Borabora 
Huaheine 
Marua 

Otaha (Tahaa) 
Raiatea (Ulieta) 
Tahaa (Otaha) 
Tubai 

Ulieta (Raiatea) 
Windward Group: 
Eimeo (Morea) 
Maitea 

Morea (Eimeo) 
Tabuaimanu 
Tahiti 
Tetuaroa 
Starbuck I. 
Sunday I. (Raoul) 
Suvarof Is. 
Sydney I. 
ToKELAt: Group (see Union 

Group) 
Tonga (or Friendly Islands) 
Cattow 
Eua 
Fua 
Haano 
Haapai Group 



200 

Honga-hapai 

Honga Tonga 

Kao 

Kotu Is. 

Lefuka 

Lette 

Limu I. 

Metis 

Namuka Is. 

Tofoa 

Tonga Group 

Tongatabu 

Uika 

Vavau 

Vavau Group 
Tongareva 
Tongatabu 

Ttjamotti Islands (see Low Ar- 
chipelago) 
TuBTTAi (see Austral) Islands 
Two Groups 
Uea 
Union (or Tokelau) Group 

Atafu (Duke of York I.) 

Bowditch I. (Fakaofu) 

Duke of Clarence I. (Nuku- 
nonu) 

Duke of York I. (Atafu) 

Fakaofu (Bowditch I.) 

Nuku-nonu (Duke of Clarence 

I-) 
Vata 

Vavau Group 
Victoria 1. 
Vostok I. 
Washington (New York) I. 

Polynesians. A collective name for 
the natives of the Polynesian Is- 
lands. V, H-Nl-8 

Porno. ( 1 ) = Kulanapan. IV, H7. 
(2) On the middle Sanga River, 
French Congo. I, D5 

PoTCocA;. = Bannock. IV, J6 

PoNAPE. An island in Micronesia. 
V, F3 

Pora^w^fa. = Bannock. IV, J6 

Ponca. One of the five tribes of 
the so-called Dhegiha group of 
the Siouan family, forming with 
the Omaha, Osage, and Kiansa, 
the upper Dhegiha or Omaha 
division ; in Nebraska and Okla- 
homa. IV, KL6,7 

Po7ic?era. = Kalispelm. IV, H6 



201 



Prince Edward Island 



Po??.c?o. = Amapondo. I, E9 

PoNDOLAND. A district in the E 
part of Cape Colony, South Af- 
rica. I, E9 

Ponha. = Ponca. IV, KL6,7 

PoNTUs. An ancient country in 
Asia Minor, S of the Black Sea. 
II, F4 

Poopo. A lake in W Bolivia, VI, 
D4 

Popo. In Dahomey. I, C5 

Popoloca. In Oajaca, Vera Cruz, 
Michoacan (states of Mexico), 
and in Guatemala. IV, LM9jlO 

Porcupine River. A tributary of 
the upper Yukon, Alaska. IV, 
EF3 

PoREPORENA. A village in S Brit- 
ish New Guinea, near Port 
Moresby. V, E4 

Port-hulluh. In Wimmera district, 
Victoria. V, E7 

Port Darwin. On the seacoast in 
North Australia. V, D5 

Port Essington. On the seacoast 
in North Australia. V, D5 

Port Eucla. In SW South Aus- 
tralia. V, C7 

Port Moresby. A town in E New 
Guinea. V, F4,5 

Porto Novo. The capital of Da- 
homey, French West Africa. I, 
C5 

Porto Rico. An island in the 
West Indies, E of Haiti. IV, P9 

Port Phillip Bay. A bay in S 
Victoria, the harbor of Mel- 
bourne. V, E7 

Portugal. A republic in the W 
part of the Iberian peninsula; 
35,490 sq.mi. Ill, D4,5 

Portuguese. The people of Portu- 
gal. Ill, D4,5 

Portuguese East Africa. A Por- 
tuguese colony in SE Africa, 
between Tanganyika and Na- 
tal; 428,132 sq.mi. I, FG7,8 



Portuguese Guinea. = Portu- 
guese West Africa. I, DE6,7 

Portuguese India. Portuguese 
possessions in India, consisting 
of Goa, Daman, and Diu. II, 
16,7 

Portuguese West Africa. The 
former name of Angola. I, DE 
6,7 

Potatona. In the SE part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, E4 

Potawatomi. An Algonquian tribe 
first encountered on the islands 
of Green Bay, Wisconsin, and 
at its head. IV, M6 

Potomac. An important tribe of 
the Powhatan confederacy in E 
Virginia. IV, N7 

Pottawatomi. = Potawatomi. IV, M 
6 

Poum. In N British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Pourogne. In W Sudan, Africa. I, 
B4 

Powhatan. (1) A confederacy of 
Virginian Algonquian tribes, 
whose territory included the 
tidewater section of Virginia. 
IV, N7. (2) The tribe which 
gave its name to the Powhatan 
confederacy. IV, N7 

Pow^aifan. = Powhatan. IV, N7 

Poya. In W Honduras. IV, MlO 

Prabhu. From Gujarat to Coorg 
along the W coastal area of In- 
dia. II, 16,7 

Prague. The capital of Czecho- 
slovakia, on the Moldau River. 

III, F3,4 

Pransa. = Guatnso. IV, MNlO 

Pribilof Islands. A group in the 
Bering Sea, Alaska. IV, A4 

Primi. A subdivision of the Naga. 
II, K6 

Prince Edward Island. An is- 
land and province in E Canada. 

IV, P6 



Prince of Wales Island 



202 



Prince of Wales Island. (1) In 
SE Alaska. IV, F5. (2) In 
Torres Strait. V, E5 

Prince William Sound. In SE 
Alaska. IV, E 4 

Principe. A province in E central 
Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Provengals. In the old province of 
Provence (the modern depart- 
ments to the E of the Rhone), 
France. Ill, E4 

Province Wellesley. A part of 
Penang settlement, Malay Pen- 
insula. II, L8 

Prussia. A state of Germany. Ill, 
E-G3 

Pshavs. In the central Caucasus. 
Ill, J4 

Pskov. A town in NW Russia, on 
the Estonian border. Ill, G3 

Puant. The French name for the 
Winnebago. IV, LM6 

Puchaca. On the Juina, a tribu- 
tary of the Tocantins, Brazil. 
VI, F4. 

PucHATSUMA. A district in Assam, 
NE India. II, K6 

Pudu. A subdivision of the Ho-ni. 
II, L6 

PuEBLA. A state in S central Mex- 
ico. IV, L9 

Pueblo. A term applied by the 
Spanish and adopted by Eng- 
lish-speaking people to desig- 
nate all the Indians who lived 
and are living in permanent 
stone or adobe houses built into 
compact villages in S Colorado 
and central Utah, and in New 
Mexico, Arizona, and the ad- 
jacent Mexican territory, and 
extended sometimes to include 
the settlements of such tribes 
as the Pima and the Papago, 
who lead an agricultural life. 
The Pueblo people of history 
comprise the Tanoan, Keresan, 



and Zunian linguistic families 
of New Mexico, and the Hopi, 
of Shoshonean affinity, in NE 
Arizona. IV, JK7,8 

Puelche. (1) A tribe belonging to 
the Araucanians, living to the 
E of the Cordilleras, W Argen- 
tina. VI, D5,6. (2) N of the 
Rio Colorado, Argentina. VI, 
D6 

PweKc/ie. = Pehuenche. VI, CD6 

P'u-fen. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

PuGET Sound. An inland sea, NW 
of the state of Washington. IV, 
H5,6 

Pa/iflrn. = Maler. II, IJ6 

Puinavi. On the Inirida, a tribu- 
tary of the Guaviare, Colombia. 
VI, CD2 

P'u-jen. = Faloung. II, L6 

Pujunan Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily including only a single group, 
the Maidu, in N California. IV, 
H6 

PuJca. SW of Lake Chad, Africa. 

I, D4. 

Puhanhura. W of the head of 
Broad Sound, E Queensland. V, 
E6 
Pul. = Fulah. I, B-E4,5 
PmZo/i. = Fulah. I, B-E4,5 
PuLAi. A river in S Johor, Malay 

Peninsula. II, L8 
Pulairih. = Palaik. IV, H6 
Pulaya. In Travancore, S India. 

II, 17,8 

Pul-he. The true name of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

PwZmr. = Pulaya. II, 17,8 

P'u-lieh. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Pullie. = Palli. II, 17 

PmZZo. = Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

PttZo. = Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

P'u-long Chong-Jcia. In SW Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 



203 

Pumacaa. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI^ D3 

Punan. On the upper Rejang Riv- 
er^ Sarawak^ Borneo. V^ B3 

Punan Akah. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Aput. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Bah. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Batu. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Boh. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Dapoi. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Kapuas. A subdivision of 
the Punan. V, B3 

Punan Koti. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Lisum. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Punan Parah. A subdivision of the 
Punan. V, B3 

Pungiane. A subdivision of the 
Mayoyao. V, C2 

Punjab. A province in NW Brit- 
ish India; also spelled Pan jab. 
II, 15,6 

Punjabi. In the Punjab, India. II, 
15,6 

Punka. = Ponca. IV, KL6,7 

Punnak. = Bannock. IV, J6 

Punnoinjon. In W Victoria. V, E7 

Punouy. On the S side of the Ama- 
zon, belovr the mouth of the 
Madeira. VI, E3 

Puntagica. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4. 

Pun-ti. In W Kwangtung and E 
Kwangsi, China. II, LM6 

P'u-piao. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Puquina. On the islands and shores 
of Lake Titicaca, S Peru. VI, 
CD4 

PuRARi Delta. In W New Guin- 
ea. V, D4 



Puyallup 

Purattu Charna Nayar. A subdi- 
vision of the Nayar. II, 17,8 

Purenuma. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CD3 

PuRi. A seaport town in Orissa, 
British India; also called Ja- 

GANNATH, or JUGGERNAUT. II, 
J7 

PMH. = Pury. VI, F5 

Purmuli. S of the Hindu Kush, 

Afghanistan. II, 15 
Purpishah. A subdivision of the 

Kurds. II, F5 
Purteet Chowel. In W Victoria. 

V, E7 

Puru-puru. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon; a tribe 
composed of the Paumari, Yu- 
beri, and Araua subtribes. VI, 
D3 

Purus. A river, 2,230 miles long, 
in South America, flowing from 
Peru to the Amazon. VI, CD3,4 

Purus. = Puru-puru. VI, D3 

Pury. In Minas Geraes and Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil. VI, F5 

P'u-shi. In the central part of 
Yunnan, China. II, L6 

Pusuna. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California; 
now extinct. IV, H7 

Pu-Tai. In the Laos States, of 
Siam. II, L7 

PuTUMAYO. (1) A river in S Co- 
lombia, NE Peru, and NW Bra- 
zil, flowing into the Amazon 
River. VI, CD2,3. (2) Region 
around that river, especially in 
NE Peru. VI, C3 

Putumayu. A collective name for 
the tribes on the Putumayo, a 
tributary of the upper Amazon. 

VI, CD2,3 

Pu-y. Native name of the Tchung- 
kia-tze. II, L6 

Puyallup. On the Puyallup reser- 
vation, Washington. IV, H6 



Puyuma 

Puyuma. In the Pinan plain and 
its neighborhood, SE Formosa. 
II, N6 

Pwo. In Tenasserim, Burma, II, 
K7 

P^eerf. = Paiute. IV, J7 

Pygmies. = Negrillo ; in E central 



204 

Africa. Some Pygmies are less 
than four feet in stature. I, E 
F5 

Pyrenees. A mountain chain be- 
tween Spain and France. Ill, 
DE4 

Pyuma. = Puyuma. II, N6 



ir^adeyat. S and E of Mount Kor- 
dofan, Africa. I, F4 

Qahatika. In Arizona and New 
Mexico. IV, JK7 

Qajar. = Kajar. II, FG5 

Qatar. In E Arabia. II, F6 

Qaumauangmiut. In the Middle 
Savage Islands, Hudson Strait, 
Canada. IV, 04 

Qidnelik. In the Adelaide Penin- 
sula, N Canada. IV, LM3 

Qinguamiut. A subdivision of the 
Oqomiut. IV, OP 3,4 

Qua. In the Oil Rivers Country, 
W Africa. I, C5 

Quadu. In N Venezuela. VI, Dl,2 

Quae-quae. Native name of the 
Hottentots. I, D8 

Quain. On the NE coast of the 
Gulf of Bothnia, Europe. Ill, 
G2 

Quaitso. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Quajaja. On the Arinos, a tribu- 
tary of the Tocantins, Brazil. 
VI, F3 

Quapaca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Quapam. A SW Siouan tribe, form- 
ing one of the two divisions of 
the Dhegiha group; in Arkan- 
sas. IV, L7 

Quappa. = Quapaw. IV, L7 

Quaqua. In E Venezuela. VI, D2 

QuARNERO, Gulf of. An inlet in 
the Adriatic Sea, between Istria 
and Croatia. Ill, F4 



Quaruare. Between the Tocantins 
and the Xingu, Brazil. VI, EF3 

Quatausi. = Catamxi. VI, D3 

Quatsino. A subdivision of the 
Haeltzuk. IV, G5 

Quatsino Sound. In Vancouver 
Island, British Columbia. IV, 
G5 

Quebec. A province and city in 
E Canada. IV, N-P4-6 

Quechua. (1) In the department 
of Apurimac, S Peru. VI, C4. 
(2) A generic (linguistic) name 
given to tribes living on the 
coast of Ecuador, Peru, and N 
Chile, from the Equator to the 
30th degree S latitude. VI, B- 
D3-5 

Queen Charlotte Islands. (1) 
To the W of British Columbia 
and S of Alaska. IV, FG5. (2) 
= Santa Cruz, 4. V, G5 

Queensland. A state in NE Aus- 
tralia. V, D-F5,6 

Queiana. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Quekchi. On the Rio Cahabon, 
Guatemala. IV, MlO 

Quelene. In Chiapas, Mexico. IV, 
LM9 

Quelpart. An island of Chosen 
(Korea), about 60 miles S of 
the mainland. II, N 5 

Queniut. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Queptimamish. A subdivision of 
the Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 



205 



Qwinctunnetun 



Querecho. A Pueblo name for the 
buffalo-hunting Apache of the 
plains of E New Mexico and 
W Texas. IV, K7,8 

Querendi. A tribe which lived in 
E Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 
the 16th century. VI, E6 

QuERETARo. A statc in central 
Mexico. IV, K9 

Queuanaca. On the Yapura, a 
tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
CDS 

Quiangane. In Quiangan, Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Quibana. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Quibiquiba. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Quiche. Formerly on the head- 
waters of the Rio Grande, Gua- 
temala. IV, MIO 

Quichua. = Qnech\ia. VI, B— D3— 5 

Quigyuma. A Yuman tribe in S 
Arizona. IV, J7 

QuiJOTOA. A village in S Arizona. 
IV, J7 

Quileute. A Chimakuan tribe, now 
the only representative of the 
linguistic stock; on the coast of 
Washington. IV, H6 

Quilifaye. On the Apure, an afflu- 
ent of the Orinoco, Venezuela. 
VI, D2 

Quillagua. On the S shore of Lake 
Titicaca, S Peru. VI, CD4 

QuiLLENGUES. A village in An- 
gola. I, D7 

QuiLO. A former seaport (now 
Kilwa) in Tanganyika. I, F6 

Quimau. On the S side of the 
Amazon, below the mouth of 
the Madeira. VI, E3 

Quimbande. On the upper Kuan- 
za, central Angola; about lat. 
12°S, long. 18°E. I, D7 



Quimbaya. In the upper Cauca 
Valley, S Colombia. VI, C2 

Qm'mo. = Kimo. I, G8 

Quimomeca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Quinaane. = Guinaane. V, C2 

Quinaielt. A Salishan tribe on the 
Quinaielt River, Washington. 
IV, H6 

Quinan. On the S side of the Ama- 
zon, below the mouth of the 
Madeira. VI, E3 

Quinbundo. = Quimbande. I, D7 

Quinnipiac. A tribe formerly oc- 
cupying the country on both 
sides of the Quinnipiac River 
about its mouth, near New 
Haven, Connecticut. IV, 06 

QuiNo. A mission among the Arau- 
canians of Chile. VI, C6 

QuiNTANA Roo. A territory in the 
E Yucatan peninsula, SE Mex- 
ico. IV, M9 

Quiri-Quiripa. On the lower Ori- 
noco, Venezuela. VI, D2 

Quissama. = K.issama. I, D7 

Quitagica. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Quito tribes. Those in the vicinity 
of Quito, the capital of Ecua- 
dor, South America. VI, C2,3 

Quitu. A very ancient and power- 
ful tribe of the highlands of 
Ecuador. VI, C2,3 

Quitundu. = 'Betundvi. I, E6 

Quiva. On the Orinoco near the 
confluence of the Meta, Vene- 
zuela. VI, D2 

Qwop. = Kuap. V, B3,4 

Quoratean Family. On the lower 
Klamath River, California. IV, 
H6 

Qveree. = Kvene. Ill, G2 

Qwinctunnetun. On the Siletz res- 
ervation, Oregon. IV, H6 



Ra 

A\a. A subdivision of the Fijians. 
V, H5 

Ra Coast. In Sawakasa, Fiji Is- 
lands. V, H5 

Rabbai. A subdivision of the Wa- 
nika. I, FG6 

Rabha. In W Assam^ India. II, 
K6 

Radian. In the W Caucasus. Ill, 
J4 

Raffles Bay. On the coast of 
North Australia. V, D5 

Raghawal. A subdivision of the 
Gond. II, IJ6 

Raglay. In French Indo-China. 
II, L7 

Rahanwin. In Somaliland, E Af- 
rica. I, G4,5 

Rahanwiyyin. = Rahanwin. I, G4,5 

Raiatea. In the Society Islands, 
Polynesia. V, L5 

Rainier, Mount. In SW Wash- 
ington. IV, H6 

Rajasthan. = Rajputana. II, I 
5,6 

RajbansL In the Chittagong Hills, 
Assam, and in NE Bengal, In- 
dia. II, K6 

Rajmahal Hills. In NE India. 
II, J6 

Rajmahali. = Maler. II, IJ6 

Raj poot. = Rajput. II, 15,6 

Rajpootana. = Rajputana. II, I 
5,6 

Rajput. Natives of Rajputana. II, 
15,6 

Rajputana. A region in NW In- 
dia: a group of native states 
including Alwar, Bikaner, Jai- 
pur, Jodhpux, Udaipur, etc. ; 
also called Rajasthan. II, 15,6 

Rakeraki. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Rakhaingtha. In Arakan, Burma. 
II, K6 

Rama. On a small island in Blue- 
field Lagoon, Nicaragua. IV, 
MlO 



206 

Rambai. On the Kapuas River in 
the W iDart of Dutch Borneo. V, 
B4 

Rambani. In Kashmir, India. II, 
15 

Rampur. a native state in the 
United Provinces, India. II, I 
J6 

Rangamati. a village E of the 
mouths of the Ganges, India. 
II, K6 

Ranovao. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Ranqualche. = Ranquele. VI, D6 

Ranquele. Between the Quinto and 
Quarto rivers, central Argen- 
tina. VI, D6 

Rappahannock. In Virginia. IV, 
N7 

Rarawa. A subdivision of the 
Maori. V, GH7,8 

Rarigoarai. A subdivision of the 
Tupi. VI, F3 

Raritan. A former important divi- 
sion of the New Jersey Dela- 
wares, occupying the valley of 
the Raritan River and the left 
bank of the Delaware River as 
far as Trenton. IV, 06 - 

Rarotonga. An island in Poly- 
nesia. V, L6 

Ras Benaas. a cape in Egypt, on 
the Red Sea. I, F3 

Rat Island. One of the Aleutian 
Islands. IV, Al (inset) 

Raumae. a village in San Cristo- 
val, Solomon Islands, Melanesia. 
V, F4 

Rawalpindi. A city in Punjab, 
India; also a cantonment. II, 16 

Raya. In Abyssinia. I, FG4,5 

Rde. A subdivision of the Moi. II, 
L7 

Reddi. = Kappu. II, 17 

Redonda. An island in the Lee- 
ward Islands, West Indies. IV, 
01 (inset) 

Red River. A river 1,200 miles 



207 



Rio Grande de Mindanao 



long in Texas and Louisiana. 
IV, K-M7,8 

Red Sea. (1) An inland sea, 1,450 
miles long, between Arabia and 
Africa. I, FG3,4. (2) Province. 
That district of Anglo-Egyp- 
tian Sudan between the Red Sea 
and the Nile. I, F3,4 

Red Volta. An upper branch of 
the Volta, W Africa. I, B4,5 

Bee. An old or popular name of 
the Arikara. IV, KL6 

Reef Island. In Melanesia. V, 
G5 

Regua. = B,ikwa. IV, H6 

Reheboth Bastards. In Southwest 
Africa. I, D8 

Re JANG. A river in Borneo ; some- 
times spelled Rajang. V, 64 

Rejang. In S Sumatra. V, B4 

Rejang Milanau. A subdivision of 
the Milanau. V, B3,4 

Rejang Tanjong. A subdivision of 
the Tanjong. V, B4 

Remo. (1) On the Slave Coast, W 
Africa. I, C 5. (2) On the Uca- 
yali, an upper branch of the 
Amazon. VI, C3 

Rengma. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

i2e«^ma^. = Rengma. II, K6 

Reshiat. N of Lake Rudolph, E 
Africa. I, F5 

Rewa. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Rhadame. = Ghadame. I, C2 

Rhaman. a native state in the 
Malay Peninsula. II, KL8 

Rhine River. 810 miles long, 
flowing from Switzerland to the 
North Sea. Ill, E4,5 

Rhode Island. A state in New 
England, NE United States. 
IV, 06 

Rhodes. An island in the Mediter- 
ranean Sea off the NW coast of 
Asia Minor. Ill, G5 



Rhodesia. A region from Trans- 
vaal to the Belgian Congo, com- 
prising Northern and Southern 
Rhodesia; 440,000 sq.mi. I, EF 
6-8 

Rhoetia. a Roman province, now 
Tyrol and E Switzerland. Ill, 
EF4 

Riang. In the SE part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6,7 

Richardson. A river in NW Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Riclcaree. = Axicaxee. IV, KL6 

Rieng. = Riang. II, K6,7 

RiF, or Riff, Er. The hilly coast 
region of N Morocco. I, B2 

Rifians. In Er Rif. I, B2 

Rift Valley. In the Uganda Pro- 
tectorate, E central Africa. I, 
F5 

Riga, Gulf of. An inlet of the 
Baltic Sea, in Latvia. Ill, G3 

Rigo. In British New Guinea. V, 
E4 

Riktva. On the lower Klamath 
River, California. IV, H6 

RiKWA, Lake. A small lake in 
Tanganyika. I, F6 

Rind. On the coast of Baluchistan. 
II, H6 

Rio Chico de Cagayan. A stream 
in Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Rio de Janeiro. (1) A state in 
SE Brazil. VI, F5. (2) The 
capital city of Brazil. VI, F5 

Rio DE LA Sierra. A river in cen- 
tral Mexico. IV, K9 

Rio DE Oro. a Spanish colony in 
W Africa; 109,200 sq.mi. I, A 
B3 

Rio Grande. See Grande, Rio. 

Rio Grande de Cagayan. A river 
in Luzon, Philippine Islands. V, 
C2 

Rio Grande de Mindanao. = Pa- 
LANGui, Rio. V, C3 



Rio Grande do Norte 



208 



Rio Grande do Norte. A state in 
NE Brazil. VI, G3 

Rio Grande do Sul. A state in S 
Brazil. VI, E5,6 

RioJA, La. a province in NW Ar- 
gentina. VI, D5,6 

Rio Negro. (1) A large river in 
Brazil, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3. (2) A territory in 
central Argentina. VI, D6,7 

Ripuarian Franks. A group of the 
Franks, q.v. Ill, DE'3,4 

Risk. A subdivision of the Dinka. 
I, F5 

Ristebura. Near Shoalwater Bay, 
E Queensland. V, EF6 

Riu-Kiu Islands. A SW group in 
the Japanese archipelago. II, 
N06,6 

Rivers Inlet. In SW British Co- 
lumbia, IV, G5 

Risegat. A subdivision of the Bag- 
gara. I, EF4 

Roah. A subdivision of the Shil- 
look. I, F4,5 

Roamayna. On the Rio Pastassa, a 
tributary of the Maranon, Ecua- 
dor. VI, C3 

Roanoke Island. In E North 
Carolina ; Raleigh's attempted 
settlements in 1585 and 1587 
were on this island. IV, N 7 

Roha. In Adamawa, a region in 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

Robabat. On the Nile from Abu 
Hamed to the confluence of the 
Atbara. I, F4 

Robatab. = Robabat. I, F4 

Rocky Mountains. The most 
extensive mountain system of 
North America, from the Mexi- 
can frontier to the Arctic re- 
gions. IV, H-L4-9 

Rocouyenne. In French Guiana, 
South America. VI, E2 

Rode. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 



Rogue River. In SW Oregon. IV, 

H6 
Rohilkhand. a division of Agra, 

United Provinces of Agra and 

Oudh, British India; also called 

Bareilly. II, IJ6 
Roilroilpam. = Kliketat. IV, H6 
Rol. W of the middle Bahr-el- 

Jebel, the upper part of the 

Nile, and E of the Bongo and 

Mittu tribes. I, F5 
Rom. E of the upper Nile (about 

lat. 4°N). I, F5 
RoMANzoF, Cape. In W central 

Alaska. IV, B4 
Rome. The capital of Italy, on 

the Tiber River. Ill, F4 
Rong. = Rong-pa. II, J6 
Rongbo. In W Nepal. II, J6 
RoNGORE. A town in Tikopia, 

Melanesia. V, G5 
Rong-pa. The earliest settlers in 

Sikkim, NE of India; they are 

usually called Lepcha. II, J6 
Ror. A subdivision of the Nuer. 

I, F5 
Roro. On the S coast of SE Brit- 
ish New Guinea, V, E4 
Rotoronno. A subdivision of the 

Moxo. VI, D4 
RoTORUA, Lake. In the province 

of Auckland, North Island, 

New Zealand. V, H7 
RoTUMA. An island N of the Fiji 

Islands. V, H5 
Rotuno. A subdivision of the Za- 

paro. VI, C3 
Roucouenne. = Rocouyenne. VI, E2 
Roucouyenne. = Rocouyenne. VI, E 

2 
RouMANiA. = Rumania. Ill, G4 
RoviGO. A compartimento in NE 

Italy. Ill, F4 
RovuMA. A river in S Tanganyika. 

I, FG7 
Roxolani. A Sarmatian people who 

lived in the country lying be- 
tween the Don and Dnieper, 



209 



Sacramento 



Russia, about the beginning of 
the Christian era. Ill, H3,4 

E.UBI. A tributary of the middle 
Congo. 1, E5 

Rucahee. A subdivision of the Abi- 
pone. VI, D5 

Rucana. On the SW coast of Peru. 
VI, C4 

Rucuyenne. = Rocouyenne. VI, E2 

Rudolph, or Rudolf, Lake. In 
British East Africa, 170 miles 
long, between Uganda Protec- 
torate and Kenya. I, F5 

RuFiji. A river in Tanganyika, 
Africa. I, F6 

RuFU. A river in NE Tanganyika. 
I, F6 

RiJGEN. An island near the mouth 
of the Oder River, NE Ger- 
many, in the Baltic Sea. Ill, F3 

Ruhinda. = 'Bahima, I, EF6 

Rumania. A country in SE Eu- 
rope; 122,282 sq.mi. Ill, G4 

Rumanians. The people of Ru- 
mania. Ill, G4t 

RuMELiA. An E province of Bul- 
garia. Ill, G4 

Rumo. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Rumsen. Formerly on the coast of 
California. IV, H7 



Runduhura. At Tovrnshend's Is- 
land, E Queensland. V, F6 

Earofc. = Weitspek. IV, H6 

Rusniak. One of the native names 
of the Little Russians. Ill, G— 
J3,4 

Russia. The Union of Soviet So- 
cialist Republics, in E Europe 
and N Asia; 8,186,144 sq.mi. 
II, F-T1-5;III, G-Il-4 

Russian River. A small river N 
of San Francisco Bay, Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

Russians. In the greater part of 
Russia; they are divided into 
the three groups of the Great 
Russians, Little Russians, and 
White Russians. Ill, G-Il-4 

Ruthenes. = Ruthenians. Ill, G3,4 

Ruthenians. A branch of the Little 
Russians, chiefly in Galicia. Ill, 
G3,4 

Ruwala Anase. In N Arabia ; about 
lat. 30°N, long. 43°E. II, F5,6 

RuwENzoRi. A mountain group 
between Albert Edward Nyan- 
za and Albert Nyanza, and on 
the boundary between Uganda 
and Belgian Congo. I, EF5,6 

Ryawa. One of the native names 
of the Kiowa. IV, L7 



iJaan. Hottentot name for the 
Bushmen. I, E8 

Sahaeans. Pre-Islamic Arabs, for- 
merly in Yemen, a region in SW 
Arabia ; later they migrated into 
Africa and formed the White 
Ethiopian half-breeds, such as 
the Amhara (of E Abyssinia) 
by crossing with the Agau (W 
Abyssinia). I, FG4,5 

Sabagui. In Sonora, Mexico. IV, 
J8 

Sabahan. On Darvel Bay, British 
North Borneo. V, B3 



Sabaibo. In Sinaloa, Mexico. IV, 
JK8 

Sabara Kol. In the highlands of 
central India. II, I6 

Sabderat. In N Abyssinia. I, FG4 

Sabei. NE of the Victoria Nyan- 
za. I, F5,6 

Sabines. A people who lived in 
central Italy in ancient times. 
Ill, F4 

Sabmi. Native name of the Lapps. 
Ill, F-H2 

Sac. = Sauk. IV, M6 

Sacramento. A river in N central 



Sacumehu 



210 



California, 400 miles long, flow- 
ing into San Francisco Bay; 
also a city, the capital of Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Sacumehu. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Sadab. A subdivision of the Jalin. 
I, F4 

Safed Koh. a mountain range in 
SE Afghanistan. II, 1 5 

Safi. On the S slope of the Hindu 
Kush, Afghanistan. II, 16 

Safid Rud. a river (rud), 450 
miles long, flowing from NW 
Persia to the Caspian Sea. II, 
F5 

Safina. In SE Madagascar. I, G8 

Safwhi. A Tshi-speaking people 
on the Gold Coast, W Africa. 
I, B5 

Sagdlirmiut. In Southampton Is- 
land in Hudson Bay, Canada; 
became extinct in 1903. IV, M 
N3,4 

Saghalien. = Sakhalin. II, P3,4 

Sahaptin. = Shaha'ptin. IV, HJ6 

Sahara. A region of deserts with 
oases in N Africa; 3,500,000 sq. 
mi. I, A-E3,4 

Sahewamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Saho. In N Abyssinia. I, FG4 

Saiaz. Formerly in California. IV, 
H7 

Saibailaig. On Saibai Island, 
Mount Cornwallis, and Talbot 
Island, in Torres Strait. V, E5 

Saidokki. On the banks of the 
Nile from Korosko to Wadi 
Haifa. I, F3 

Saindaru. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Sain-noin. In N Mongolia. II, L 
M4 

St. Christopher. One of the Lee- 
ward Islands, West Indies ; also 
caUed St. Kitts. IV, OlO (in- 
set) 



St. David Island. In the Caroline 
Archipelago, Micronesia. V, D3 

Ste Anne de Beaupre. A shrine 
and town on the St. Lawrence 
River, Canada. IV, 06 

St. George. A town in SW Utah. 
IV, J7 

St. Helena. British island in the 
S Atlantic Ocean. I, B7 

St. Hilaire. A village in Aude, S 
France. Ill, E4 

St. James. A shrine and village 
in Manche, NW France. Ill, D 
4 

St. John. (1) An island in the 
West Indies, E of St. Thomas. 
IV, OlO (inset). (2) River. In 
W New Brunswick, Canada. 
IV, P6 

St. John's. A river in Florida. 
IV, N8 

St. Lawrence River. 760 miles 
long, flowing from Lake On- 
tario to the Gulf of St. Law- 
rence, Canada. IV, N-P5,6 

St. Lucia. One of the Windward 
Islands. IV, OlO (inset) 

St. Matthias. In the Bismarck 
Archipelago. V, E4 

St. Michael. A village on Norton 
Sound, W central Alaska. IV, 
C3 

St. Paul. A river in Liberia, W 
Africa. I, A5 

St. Thomas. (1) An island E of 
Porto Rico, West Indies. IV, 
OlO (inset). (2) An island in 
the Gulf of Guinea. I, C5 

St. Vincent. One of the Wind- 
ward Islands, West Indies. IV, 
OlO (inset) 

SaJca. W of the Wu-Sun and N of 
the Syr Daria, central Asia. II, 
H4 

Sakai. In Selangor, Pahang, and 
S Perak, Malay Peninsula, and 
in Sumatra. II, KL8 



211 

Sakaiakumni. In central Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

Sakalava. In the W part of Mada- 
gascar. I, G7j8 

Sakaran. = Ska.rain. Y, B3,4< 

Sakarang. = SkaiXa,n. Y, B3j4 

Sakei. = Sakai. II, KL8 

Sakhalin. An island in the Sea 
of Okhotsk, E of Siberia. II, P 
3,4 

Sakhuto. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Sakota. The Kiowa name for the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Salado. (1) A tributary of the 
Rio de la Plata in N Argen- 
tina. VI, D5,6. (2) A tributary 
of the Rio Colorado in central 
Argentina. VI, D6 

Salakau. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Salamanca. A province and city 
in W Spain. Ill, D4 

Salamis. An island in the Gulf 
of Aegina, Greece; also called 
KOULOURE. Ill, G5 

iSaZar. = Kara-Tangut. II, K5 

Saleiman Range. Mountains W 
of the Indus in NW India. II, 
15,6 

Salem. (1) A seaport city in 
Massachusetts. IV, 06. (2) The 
capital city of Oregon. IV, H6. 
(3) A city in S Madras Presi- 
dency, British India. II, 17 

Saletar. = Orang Seliter. V, A3 

Saliba. = Saliva. VI, D2 

Salman. Formerly on the W coast 

■ of California. IV, H7 

Salinas. (1) A town in Goyaz, 
Brazil. VI, F4. (2) A river in 
Guatemala. IV, MlO 

Salish. Formerly a large and 
powerful division of the Sa- 
lishan family, to which they 
gave their name, inhabiting 
much of W Montana and cen- 



Samang 

tering around Flathead Lake 
and Valley. IV, J5,6 

Salishan Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily inhabiting the N portions 
of Washington, Idaho, and W 
Montana, a small strip of the 
NW coast of Oregon, and in 
Canada, the SE part of Van- 
couver Island, and S British 
Columbia. IV, HJ5,6 

Saliva. A tribe on the Orinoco 
River, Venezuela. VI, D2 

Salon. = Selung. II, K7 

Saloniki. a former vilayet of 
Turkey in Europe, now in 
Greece and Jugo-slavia. Ill, 
G4 

Salor. W of the middle Amu 
Daria, central Asia. II, H4,5 

Salta. a province in N Argen- 
tina. VI, D5 

Salt Lake Desert. In NW Utah. 
IV, J6 

Saluki. a village on Timor Is- 
land, Dutch East Indies. V, C4 

Salum. a river in SW Senegal, 
W Africa. I, A4 

Salvador. A republic in Central 
America; 8,125 sq.mi. IV, MlO 

Salween. = Salwin. II, K6,7 

Salwin. a river in E Burma, 
about 1,750 miles long, flowing 
from Tibet to Martaban Gulf. 
II, K6,7 

Salzburg. A city and province in 
W Austria. Ill, F4 

Samagir. NE of Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, LM3 

Samale. (1) A subdivision of the 
Moro. V, BC2,3. (2) In the 
islands of Samal and Talicud 
in the Gulf of Davao, Minda- 
nao, Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Samales-Laut. A subdivision of 
the Moro. V, BC2,3 

Samamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

iSamaKg-. = Semang. II, KLS 



Samar 



212 



Samar. An island in the E Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C2 

Samarahan. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4< 

Samarai. In D'Entrecasteaux Is- 
lands, Melanesia, and the Lou- 
isiade Archipelago, SE of New 
Guinea. V, F5 

Samaria. An ancient kingdom or 
province in Palestine, between 
the Jordan River and the Medi- 
terranean Sea; also its capital, 
the holy city of the Samaritans. 
II, E5 

Samaritans. A jealously isolated 
group of people in Palestine; 
they are generally believed to 
have in them a Nordic strain. 

II, E5 

Samarkand. A government in cen- 
tral Asia. II, H4,5 

Samhara. = Wasambara. I, F6 

Sambo. On the Rio Sambo, S of 
the Gulf of San Miguel, Pana- 
ma. IV, NlO 

Same. Native name for the Lapps. 

III, F-H2 

Sameaca. In Basilan, an island 
lying to the W of Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 
Samia. = Wasania. I, FG6 
Samish. In Washington. IV, H6 
Samnites. An ancient people who 
lived in the mountainous dis- 
trict of central Italy. Ill, F4 
Samoa. Formerly the Navigator 
Islands; a group in Polynesia. 
V, JK5 
Samoans. In the Samoan Islands, 

Polynesia. V, JK5 
Samoeide. = Samoyed. II, G— Jl,2 
Samogitians. = Jvaond. Ill, G3 
Samos. An island off the W coast 

of Asia Minor. Ill, G5 
Samothrace. a Greek island in 

the Aegean Sea. Ill, G5 
Samoyed. In the Arctic region 
from the mouth of the Khatan- 



ga River to Cheskaya Bay of 
Russia. II, G-Jl,2 

Sampro. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4- 

Samre. In S Siam. II, KL7 

Sam-Sam. A mixture of Siamese 
and Malays living on the W 
coast (lat. 7°N) of the Malay 
Peninsula. II, KL8 

Samuco. An Indian linguistic fam- 
ily in the Gran Chaco. VI, D4,5 

Samvedi. An esteemed and strictly 
religious caste of Brahmans in 
Thana, the district around Bom- 
bay. II, 17 

San. The Hottentot name for the 
Bushmen. I, E8 

Sana. A central Texas tribe, ap- 
parently Tonkawan, IV, KL7,8 

Sanaga. a small river in W Cam- 
eroon, W Africa. I, CDS 

San Antonio. A city in SE Tex- 
as. IV, LB 

Sanapana. A tribe of the Mascoi 
group on the right bank of the 
Paraguay, NW of Concepcion, 
between lats. 21° and 24 °S. VI, 
E5 

San Bernardino. Mountains in S 
California. IV, H7 

San Blas. = Tn\vL. IV, NlO 

San Cristoval. One of the Solo- 
mon Islands, Melanesia. V, F4 

Sandalwood Island. A populous 
island of the Dutch East Indies, 
S of the W end of Flores Is- 
land; also called Sumba. V, BC 
4,5 

Sandawe. In Tanganyika. I, F6 

Sandeh. Native name of the Niam- 
Niam. I, E5 

Sandford. a tributary of the 
Murchison, Western Australia. 
V, B6 

San Diego. A city in S California. 
IV, H7 

Sandwich Islands. The former 



213 

name of the Hawaiian Islands. 
V, KL1,2 

Sanetch. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

San Felipe. In N central New 
Mexico. IV, K7 

San Francisco. (1) Bay. In W 
central California. IV, H7. (2) 
River. In E Brazil. VI, F3,4 

Sanga. a tributary of the middle 
Congo. I, D5,6 

Sangara. On the headwaters of 
the Niger, Africa; about lat. 
10°N, long. 10°W. I, B4 

Sangloi. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Sango. In Tanganyika. = Wassan- 
gu.? I, F6 

Sanguile. A collective name for 
the Bilane, Dulangane, and 
Manobo in the southernmost 
part of Mindanao, Philippine 
Islands. V, C3 

Sanitika. The Pawnee name for 
the Arapaho. IV, KL6,7 

San Joachin. A river in central 
California. IV, H7 

San Juan. (1) A province in W 
Argentina. VI, D5,6. (2) Riv- 
er. In Cauca, Colombia. VI, C2 

Sankuru. a branch of the middle 
Kassai, an affluent of the Congo. 
I, E6 

San Luis. A province in central 
Argentina. VI, D6 

San Luis Potosi. A state in cen- 
tral Mexico. IV, K9 

San Miguel, Gulf of. In S Pan- 
ama. IV, NlO 

San Pablo Bay. In W central 
California. IV, H7 

San Poel. On the Fort Colville 
reservation, Washington. IV, H 
6 

San Salvador. One of the Ba- 
hama Islands; the first land 
seen by Columbus in the New 
World. IV, 08 



Santiago 

Sans Arcs. A subdivision of the 
Teton. IV, KL6 

Sans Puell. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Sansya. A nomadic, thieving peo- 
ple of the central Indian hills. 
II, IJ6 

Santa Ana. In N central New 
Mexico. IV, K7 

Santa Anna. A village in San 
Cristoval, Solomon Islands, Mel- 
anesia. V, F4 

Santa Barbara. Islands W of S 
California. IV, H7 

Santa Barbara Indians. = Chu- 
mashan Family. IV, H7 

Santa Catharina. A state in S 
Brazil. VI, EF5 

Santa Cruz. (1) A territory in S 
Argentina. VI, CD7,8. (2) A 
department in E Bolivia. VI, 
DE4. (3) An island in the 
West Indies; also called Saint 
Croix. IV, 01 (inset). (4) 
Islands. In Melanesia. V, G5 

Santa Fe. A province in Argen- 
tina. VI, DE5,6 

Santa Fe. The capital city of 
New Mexico. IV, K7 

Santal. In central Bengal, India. 
II, J 6,7 

Santander. (1) a province in N 
Colombia. VI, C2. (2) A prov- 
ince in N Spain. Ill, D4 

Santa Rosa. An island off the 
SW coast of California. IV, H7 

Santee. (1) An E division of the 
Dakota, comprising the Mde- 
wakanton and Wahpekute, some- 
times also the Sisseton and Wah- 
peton; between Minnesota and 
Nebraska. IV, L6. (2) A tribe, 
probably Siouan, formerly re- 
siding on the Middle Santee 
River, South Carolina. IV, N7 

Santhal. = Santal. II, J6,7 

Santiago. (1) A tributary of the 
Marafiion in Ecuador and Peru. 



Santiago del Estero 



214 



VI, C3. (2) The capital, of 
Chile, in central Chile. VI, C6 

Santiago del Estero. A province 
in N Argentina. VI, D5 

Santiam. In NE Oregon. IV, H6 

Santo Domingo. = Dominican Re- 
public. IV, 09 

Santos. A town in SE Brazil. VI, 
F5 

Saone. A division of the Teton 
Sioux, comprising the Sans 
Arcs, Sihasapa, Oohenonpa, and 
sometimes the Hunkpapa; in 
South Dakota. IV, KL6 

Sao Paulo. A state in S Brazil. 
VI, F5 

Saora. = Savara. II, J6,7 

Saparuna. On the Beni, a tribu- 
tary of the Madeira, Bolivia. 
VI, D4. 

Sapi. (1) In French Guinea. I, 
C5. (2) A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Sapohan. In SE Ecuador. VI, C3 

Saponi. One of the E Siouan tribes, 
formerly living in North Caro- 
lina and Virginia, but now ex- 
tinct. IV, N7 

Sara. On the Shari River, SE of 
Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Saracens. Originally, among the 
later Greeks and Romans, any 
nomads of the deserts between 
Syria and Arabia ; hence, Arabs, 
or, by extension, any Moham- 
medans, especially those hostile 
to the Crusaders. II, EF5 

Saragossa. a province in NE 
Spain. Ill, D4 

Saraholet. = Soninke. I, A4! 

Saramhau. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Saran. In Baghalpur, a division 
of Bengal, India. II, J6 

Sarangani. (1) Bay. In S Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3. (2) Islands. A group lying 



off the S point of Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Saratoff. a government in S cen- 
tral Russia. Ill, J3 

Saraveca. In Bolivia. VI, D4 

Sarawak. Territory under British 
protection in NW Borneo. V, 
B3 

Sarawaks. Natives of British NW 
Borneo. V, B3 

Sarawi. In SE Sumatra. V, A4 

A^arcee. = Blood. IV, J 5,6 

Sardinia. An island in the Medi- 
terranean Sea, S of France. Ill, 
E4,5 

Sareha. A subdivision of the Sea 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sares. On the Rio Negro, an afflu- 
ent of the Amazon; now nearly 
extinct. VI, D3 

Saretika. Comanche and Shoshone 
name for the Arapaho. IV, KL 
6,7 

Sarigue. On the middle Paraguay 
River, Paraguay. VI, E5 

Sarik. W of the middle Amu 
Daria, central Asia. II, H4,5 

Sariki. a town in Hausaland, W 
Africa. I, C4,6 

Sarmatians. Ancient tribes who 
wandered in a territory which 
was called Sarmatia (modern S 
Russia) ; their principal ones 
were the Jazyge and the Roxo- 
lani. Ill, HJ3,4 

Sarpa. In W Nepal. II, 3Q 

Sarsi. A tribe of the E group of 
the N division of the Athapas- 
can family; in Saskatchewan. 
IV, JK5 

Sart. A settled and mongrel peo- 
ple between the middle Syr 
Daria and the Issuk Kul, Turke- 
stan, central Asia. II, H4 

Sarua. On the Shari River, SE 
of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Sarumma. In Matto Grosso, Bra- 
zil. VI, E4 



215 



SchoMand 



Sarus. On the Madeira, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Sas. A subdivision of the Moi. II, 
L7 

Saskatchewan. (1) A river in 
Canada, flowing from the Rocky 
Mountains 1,600 miles to Lake 
Winnipeg. IV, JK5. (2) A 
province in W Canada. IV, JK 
4,5 

Sassak. In Lombok, an island of 
the Sunda group, Malay Archi- 
pelago, V, B4< 

Sassan. On the upper Chindwin, a 
tributary of the Irawadi, Bur- 
ma. II, K6 

Saste. = Shasta. IV, H6 

Satsika. = Blackf eet. IV, J6,6 

Satsop. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Satsuma. An old province in SW 
Kiushu, Japan. II, 05 

Saturiba. A Timucuan tribe in 
Florida and S Georgia. IV, M 
N8 

Saugehan. Formerly in New 
Hampshire. IV, 06 

Sauh. = Sow. V, B3,4 

Sauk. One of a number of Al- 
gonquian tribes whose earliest 
known habitat was embraced 
within the E peninsula of 
Michigan, the other tribes be- 
ing the Potawatomi, the "na- 
tion of the Fork," and probably 
the famous Mascoutens and the 
Foxes. IV, M6 

Saulteaux. = Sauteux. IV, LM5 

Saumingmiut. A subdivision of 
the Oqomiut. IV, OP 3,4 

(S^awr. = Savara. II, J6,7 

(Sawra. = Savara. II, J6,7 

Sauteux. = Chippewa. IV, LM5 

Savage Islands, In Polynesia. V, 
K5 

Savaii. The largest island of Sa- 
moa, Polynesia. V, J5 



Savakot. In the government of 
Leningrad, Russia. Ill, H3 

Savanna. = Shawnee. IV, MN7 

Savara. In Orissa, India. II, J 6,7 

Sawakasa. One of the Fiji Is- 
lands. V, H5 

Samakhtu. Near Lake Tulare, 
California. IV, H7 

Sawamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan, IV, HJ5,6 

Sawassaw-Tenney. = See-eesaw- 
dinneh, IV, K-M4,5 

Sawkee. = Savik. IV, M6 

Saxons. A Teutonic people from 
N Germany who invaded Eng- 
land in the 5th and 6th cen- 
turies, III, D-F3 

Saxony, (1) An old division of 
Germany from the North and 
Baltic seas to Bavaria and Bo- 
hemia, III, EF3. (2) A state 
in S Germany, III, F3. (3) A 
province of central Prussia. 
Ill, F3 

Sayat. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4,5 

Scamander. Modern Menderez: 
a river in Asia Minor, 60 miles 
long, flowing from Mount Ida 
to the Dardanelles. II, EF4 

Scandinavia. (1) The ancient 
name of the country of the 
Norsemen (Sweden, Norway, 
Denmark, and Iceland). Ill, 
B-F2,3. (2) The peninsula of 
Norway and Sweden. Ill, E-G 
1-3 

Scandinavians. A collective name 
for the Norwegians and the 
Swedes; sometimes it includes 
the Danes and Icelanders. Ill, 
B-F2,3 

Schambala. = Wasambara. I, F6 

ScHERiA. An island in the Aegean 
Sea. Ill, G5 

ScHLEswiG-HoLSTEiN. A proviucc 
in NW Germany. Ill, EF3 

ScHOKLAND. An island in the 



Schwaben 



216 



Zuider Zee, Netherlands. Ill, 
E3 

Schwaben. = SwABiA. Ill, E4 

SciLLY Islands. One hundred and 
forty islands off the coast of 
Cornwall, England. Ill, D4 

Scio. A Greek island off the W 
coast of Asia Minor. Ill, G5 

Scotch. The people of Scotland. 
Ill, D3 

Scotchmen. = Scotch, III, D3 

Scotland. The N division of 
Great Britain. Ill, D3 

Scots, or Scotsmen. = Scotch. Ill, 
D3 

Scutari, Lake. In Albania. Ill, 
G4 

Scythia. An ancient country of 
SE Europe and W Asia. Ill, 
JK3,4 

Scythians. Ancient nomadic tribes 
of the SE part of Europe and 
W Asia. Ill, JK3,4. 

Sdang. In French Indo-China. II, 
L7 

Sea Di/ak. Between the Rejang 
River (Sarawak) and the mid- 
dle Kapuas, in the W part of 
Dutch Borneo. V, B3,4 

Sea Gipsies. = Se\ung. II, K7 

Sebassa. A subdivision of the Hai- 
da. IV, FG5 

Sebop. = Sihoip. V, B3 

Sechura. On the Piura River, NW 
Peru. VI, C3 

Secoffi. In Labrador. IV, PQ4,5 

Secotan. An Algonquian tribe oc- 
cupying the peninsula between 
Albemarle Sound and the lower 
Pamlico River, North Carolina, 
about 1584. IV, N7 

Secowocomoco. A former Algon- 
quian tribe or subtribe in Mary- 
land. IV, N7 

Sedumah. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

See-eesaw-dinneh. The native name 
of the Chipewyan. IV, K-M4,5 



Segigatang. A subdivision of the 

Imghad. I, C3,4 
Segovia. A province in central 

Spain. Ill, D4 
Segu. a former kingdom of the 

Mande-Mandingo peoples on 

the upper Niger, W Africa. I, 

BC4 
Segua. Near Chiriqui Lagoon, 

Panama. IV, NlO 
Sehre. = Sere. I, EF5 
Sehuan-Cunnee. A subdivision of 

the Patagonians. VI, CD7,8 
Seidab. A subdivision of the Jalin. 

I, F4 

Seistan. A region in SW Afghani- 
stan and E Persia. II, GH5,6 

Sekamish. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Sekanai. = Sekani. IV, GH5 

Sekani. A group of Athapascan 
tribes living in British Colum- 
bia. IV, GH5 

Selangor. a native state in the 
Federated Malay States, W 
Malay Peninsula. II, KL8 

Selem. a district in S India. II, 
17,8 

Selenga. Near Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, LM3 

Seleucidae. Inhabitants of ancient 
Seleucia, a city of Babylonia, 
or of another ancient city of 
the same name on the coast of 
Syria. II, EF5 

Selish. = Ssi\.\sh. IV, J5,6 

Selknam. = Ona. VI, D8 

Selone. = Selnng. II, K7 

Selung. In the Mergui Archipel- 
ago, W of the S part of Lower 
Burma; they continually wan- 
der with their canoes from is- 
land to island. II, K7 

Sema. A subdivision of the Naga. 

II, K6 

Seman. A subdivision of the Se- 
mang in Upper Perak and Rha- 
man, Malay Peninsula. II, KL8 



217 



Seromi 



Semang. In Perak, Kedah, and N 
Pahang, Malay Peninsula. 11^ 
KL8 

Semat. The Kiowa name of the 
Kiowa Apache. IV^ L7 

Seminole. A Muskhogean tribe of 
Florida, originally made up of 
immigrants from the lower 
Creek towns on the Chatta- 
hoochee River, who moved down 
into Florida following the de- 
struction of the Apalachee and 
other native tribes. IV, MN7,8 

Semirechinsk. a region E of 
Lake Balkash, central Asia. II, 
14 

Semites. A collective name for 
peoples in Arabia and N Af- 
rica ; of which the chief ones are 
Arabs, Bedouins, Harari, Jews, 
and Tigritians. II, EF5,6 

Semliki. a river and forest in 
central Africa, between Albert 
Nyanza and Edward Nyanza. 
I, EF5 

Senaga. = Zenaga. I, B3,4 

Senci. On the Ucayali, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Seneca. A prominent and influ- 
ential tribe of the Iroquois, for- 
merly in W New York, and 
later S of Lake Erie and in W 
Pennsylvania. IV, N6 

Senegal. (1) A river in French 
West Africa, flowing from Futa 
Jallon 890 miles to the Atlantic 
Ocean at St. Louis. I, A4. (2) 
A colony in French West Af- 
rica. I, A4 

Senegambia. a region between 
Senegal and Gambia rivers, 
mostly in the French colony of 
Senegal. I, A4 

(Sen^a. = Basenga. I, F7 

Sengirese. In N Celebes, Dutch 
East Indies. V, C3 

Seng Miao. In the S and SE part 
of Kuichau, China. II, L6 



Sennaar. (1) a city of Nubia on 
the Blue Nile. I, F4. (2) The 
district between the White Nile 
and the Blue Nile rivers. I, F4. 
(3) The Bible gives this name 
to a country located between 
the Tigris and the Euphrates. 
II, F5 

Sennah. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sennar. = Sennaar. I, F4 

Senoi. Pre-Dravidian inhabitants 
of the S portion of the Malay 
Peninsula. II, KL7 

Senos. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Senoufo. = Siena. I, B4 

Sentah. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Seoul. The capital city of Chosen 
(Korea). II, N5 

Seramuli. = Soninke. I, A4 

Serbia. A former country in SE 
Europe; now a part of Jugo- 
slavia. Ill, G4 

Serbians. = Serbs. Ill, G4 

Serbs. The people of former Ser- 
bia. Ill, G4 

Sere. W of the upper Nile and N 
of the Niam-Niam tribe. I, EF5 

Serekhule. = Soninke. I, A4 

Serekong. In Guiana, N South 
America. VI, E2 

Serere. On the Salum River and 
in Cape Verde district, W Af- 
rica. I, A4 

Sergipe. a state in E Brazil. VI, 
G3,4 

Serhe. = Sere. I, EF5 

Seri. In Tiburon Island and on 
the adjacent coast of Sonora, 
Mexico. IV, J 8 

Sermatta. An island to the NE 
of Timor, Dutch East Indies. 
V, C4 

Seromi. A village of the Sema 
Nagas, in Assam. II, K6 



Seroushamne 



218 



Seroushamne. In central Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

Serrano. A Shoshonean division 
with a common dialect, center- 
ing in the San Bernardino 
Mountains, S California; also 
called Meco. IV, H7 

Serua. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Servians. = Serbs. Ill, G4 

Sese Island, In Victoria Nyanza, 
Africa. I, F6 

Seshaht. A subdivision of the Aht. 
IV, G5 

Setebo. On the Ucayali, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Seuabohi. On the Yapura, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
CD3 

Seville. A province and city in 
S Spain. Ill, D5 

Seward Peninsula. In NW Alas- 
ka. IV, BC3 

Servee. A small tribe, supposedly 
Siouan, formerly living in E 
South Carolina. IV, N7 

Seychelles. Islands NE of Mada- 
gascar in the Indian Ocean. I, 
H6 

Sgan. In Tenasserim, Burma. II, 
K7 

Shagiah. On both banks of the 
middle Nile; about lat. 18°N, 
long. 32°E. I, F4 

(S^aAapf . = Shahaptian. IV, HJ6 

Shahaptian Family. An important 
linguistic family occupying what 
is now SW Idaho, SE Washing- 
ton, and NE Oregon. IV, HJ6 

Shahaptin. = Shahaptian. IV, H J6 

Shahpur. An ancient city in SW 
Persia; now ruins. II, G6 

Shaiela. Dakota name for the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Shaikieh. = Sheygjeh.. I, F4 

Sha-jen. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Shakar. = Chakar. II, LM4 



Shakas. A people who lived in the 
W part of India in the begin- 
ning of the Christian era. II, I 
6,7 

Shakoo. A subdivision of the Ka- 
rakalpak. II, H4 

Shakori. A small tribe associated 
with the Eno and Adshusheer in 
North Carolina in the 17th cen- 
tury. IV, N7 

Shakshu. On the upper Yarkand 
Daria, E Turkestan. II, HI4 

Shaktolik. a village on Norton 
Sound, Alaska. IV, C3 

Shamil. An upper branch of the 
Kuram, a tributary of the In- 
dus, in E Afghanistan. II, HI5 

Shammar. S of the Nefud Desert, 
N Arabia, and on the upper Ti- 
gris. II, F5,6 

Shamo. (That is, "sandy waste.") 
The Chinese name of the Gobi 
Desert. II, K-M4 

Shamshiri. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Shan. In the Shan States of Bur- 
ma and Siam, and SW Yunnan, 
China. According to some au- 
thors, they are said to differ 
only in name from the Laos in 
the Laos States, the name Shan 
being of the Burmese language, 
Laos of the Siamese. II, KL6,7 

Shanan. = Shanar. II, IJ7,8 

Shanar. Originally from Ceylon, 
now in the Tinnevelly district, 
S Madras presidency, British 
India. II, IJ7,8 

Shan-ch'eh. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Shangalla. In the plains to the 
NW of the Abyssinian plateau. 
I, F4 

Shangan. = Thonga'? I, ES 

Shang-lai. In Hainan, China. II, 
LM7 

Sha-ni. = Sh-ts\. II, L6 

Shankalla. = Shangalla. I, F4 



219 



Shiites 



Shansi. a province in N China. 
II, L5 

Shan States. Two groups (N and 
S) of native states in Burma. 
II, KL6,7 

Shan-su. In S Yunnan, China, II, 
L6 

Shantung. A province in NE 
China. II, MN5 

Shapsuch. A subdivision of the 
Circassians. Ill, J4 

Shari. a river, an affluent of Lake 
Chad, in French Equatorial Af- 
rica. I, D4,5 

Shark Bay. In the middle section 
of the coast of Western Aus- 
tralia. V, B6 

Sharon. A coastal plain, ancient 
W Palestine. II, E5 

Sharra. In the Gobi district in E 
Mongolia. II, LM4 

Shasta. A group of small tribes 
or divisions forming the Shas- 
tan linguistic family of N Cali- 
fornia and formerly extending 
into Oregon. IV, H6 

Shastan Family. A linguistic stock 
in N California and Oregon. 
IV, H6 

Shaste. = Shasta. IV, H6 

Shastica, or Shastika. = Shasta. 
IV, H6 

Shasty. = Shasta. IV, H6 

Shat el Arab. A river, the Tigris 
and Euphrates united, 120 miles 
long, flowing into the Persian 
Gulf. II, F5 

Shatinab. A subdivision of the Ja- 
lin. I, F4 

Shatista. a village in the upper 
Haliakmon Valley of W Mace- 
donia. Ill, G4 

Shawanee. = Shawnee. IV, MN7 

Shawano. = Shawnee. IV, MN7 

Shawia. In the Aures Mountains, 
Algeria. I, C2 

Shawnee. Formerly a leading (Al- 
gonquian?) tribe of South Caro- 



lina and Tennessee, with a 
branch in Pennsylvania and 
Ohio. IV, MN7 

Sheba. An ancient country in S 
Arabia; also spelled Saba. II, 
F7 

Shechem. An ancient Biblical 
city in Palestine. II, E5 

Shefalu. Near the Albert Nyanza, 
central Africa. I, EF5 

Sheh-wu. In SE Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Sheikh Ismail. A subdivision of 
the Kurds. II, F5 

Shekani. = She^iani. I, D5,6 

Shekiani. On both banks of the 
Gabun River, W Africa. I, D 
5,6 

Shelagi. A subdivision of the Yu- 
kaghir; now extinct. II, 0P2 

Shendoo. = Shendn. II, K6 

Shendu. In W Upper Burma. II, 
K6 

Shenking. a province in S Man- 
churia. II, N4,5 

Shensi. a province in N China. 
II, L5 

Sherani. In the country around the 
Takht-i-Suleiman, mountains in 
NW India. II, HI5,6 

Sherarat. In NW Arabia; about 
lat. 29°N, long. 38°E. II, E6 

Sherbro. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, A5 

Sheref Djuni. A subdivision of 
the Yomut. II, G5 

Shetimasha. = Chetemacha. IV, L 
M8 

Shetland. An archipelago N of 
Scotland. Ill, D2,3 

Sheygyeh. On the Nile from Don- 
gola to Abu Hamed. I, F4 

Shiho. = Saho. I, FG4 

Shiites. One of the two main divi- 
sions of Mohammedans which 
rejects the first three caliphs, 
and considers Ali, Mohammed's 
son-in-law, as the first Imam, 



Shi-ko 



220 



or successor to the Prophet. See 
Sunnites. 

Shi-ko. In SE Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Shikoku. An island of Japan, E 
of Kiushu. II, 05 

Shilha. = Shluh. I, B2 

Shillook. On the entire left bank 
of the White Nile, a territory 
200 miles long and about 10 
miles wide, extending to the 
mouth of the Bahr-'el-Ghazal. 

I, F4,5 

Shilluk. = Shillook. I, F4,5 
Shiloh. a Biblical city in Pales- 
tine. II, E5 
Shiluk. = Shillook. I, F4,6 
Shin. On the upper Indus, India. 

II, 15 

Shinar. The Biblical name of 

Babylonia. II, F5 
Shindu. = Shendn. II, K6 
Shingu. Indians of central Brazil. 

VI, E3,4 
Shinnecook. An Algonquian tribe 

or band on Long Island, New 

York. IV, 06 
Shinterab. A subdivision of the 

Beja. I, F3,4 
Shinrvari. S of the middle Kabul, 

a tributary of the Indus, India. 

11,15 
Shipaia. = Sipaia. VI, E3 
Shipibo. A tribe of the Pano lin- 
guistic group in the Ucayali 

area of W Brazil. VI, C3 
Shi-pub-neng. In central Yunnan, 

China. II, L6 
Shir. On the Bahr-el-Jebel, an 

upper branch of the Nile. = 

Dyur? I, F5 
Shire. A river in Africa, from the 

S end of Lake Nyasa about 370 

miles to the Zambesi River. I, 

F7 
Shiripuno. A subdivision of the 

Zaparo. VI, C3 
Shirwa, Lake. In Nyasaland Pro- 



tectorate, S of Lake Nyasa. I, 
F7 

Shis Inday. The name by which 
the Apache proper call them- 
selves. IV, JK7 

Shi-t'u. In the SE part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Shi-yoh. In the SE part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Shkipetari. = AVoanians. Ill, FG4 

Shkiipetar. = Alhanians. Ill, FG4 

Shluh. In the SW part of Morocco. 
I, B2 

Sho. = Pwo. II, K7 

Shoa. a kingdom, part of Abys- 
sinia. I, F4,5 

Shoa. In Shoa, a native kingdom 
in Abyssinia. I, F4,5 

Shoalwater Bay. In SW Wash- 
ington. IV, H6 

Shodo Kai Porno. On the W coast 
of California. IV, H7 

Shoho. = Saho. I, FG4 

Shokleng. = Bngre. VI, EF5 

Shologon. On the S bank of the 
middle Amur (long. 123°E), 
Siberia. II, N3 

Shomamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Shon Pe«. = Nicobarese. II, K8 

Shooli. = Shuli. I, F5 

Shoosrvap. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Shortland Island. One of the 
Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F4 

Shoshoko. (That is, "walkers.") 
A collective name of indefinite 
application attached to the poor- 
er bands and individuals of the 
Shoshoni who did not happen 
to own horses, and were, tem- 
porarily, at least, "walkers." 
IV, HJ6,7 

Shoshonean Family. The extent of 
country occupied renders this 
one of the most important of 
the linguistic families of the 



221 

North American Indians. The 
area held by Shoshonean tribes, 
exceeded by the territory of 
only two families — the Algon- 
quian and the Athpascan — ex- 
tended over Montana, Idaho, 
Oregon, Wyoming, Colorado, 
New Mexico, and NW Texas. 
The chief tribes of this family 
are the Bannock, Comanche, 
Paiute, Shoshoni, Utah, and 
Wihinsaht. IV, H-K6,7 

Shoshonee. = Shoshoni. IV, H J6,7 

Shoshoni. The most northerly di- 
vision of the Shoshonean Fam- 
ily; in Idaho, Nevada, Utah, 
and Wyoming. IV, HJ6,7 

Shotlemamish. A subdivision of 
the Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Shropshire. An inland county in 
W England; also called Salop. 
Ill, D3 

Shu. The native name for the Chin 
in Lower Burma. II, K7 

Shui Keh-lao. In the E part of 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Shui-hia Miao. In the S part of 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Shui Pai-y. = Tai-lu. II, L6 

Shuk-lai. In Hainan, China. II, L 
M7 

Shukrieh. = Shukriyeh. I, F4 

Shuhriyeh. Between the Atbara 
and the Blue Nile, tributaries 
of the middle Nile. I, F4 

Shuli. On the right bank of the 
upper Bahr-el-Jebel, and the 
NE shore of the Albert Nyan- 
za, Africa. Also called Acholi. 
I, F5 

Shumana. (1) On the Tocantins, 
Brazil. VI, F3. (2) = Jumana. 
VI, CDS 

Shuoli. = ShTili. 1, F5 

Shushwap. The most important 
Salishan tribe of British Co- 
lumbia. IV, H5 

Shusrvap. = Shushwap. IV, H5 



Sihuguey 

Shutung. In the W part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Shuma. SW of Lake Chad, Af- 
rica. I, D4 

Shyan. = Shan. II, KL6,7 

Si. See Si-Kiang. II, LM6 

Sia. A small Keresan tribe inhabit- 
ing a single pueblo in New Mex- 
ico. IV, K7 

Siaguan. A Coahuiltecan tribe in 
Texas. IV, KL8 

Siahposh. = Ka£r, 1. II, HI5 

Siako. On the W coast of Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

SiAM. (1) A kingdom in SE Asia; 
198,000 sq.mi. II, KL7,8. (2) 
Gulf of. An inlet of the China 
Sea, S of Siam. II, KL7,8 

Siamh. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Siamese. The natives of Siam. II, 
KL7,8 

SiANG. A river in Hunan, central 
China proper. II, M6 

Siang-Tan. a city in Hunan prov- 
ince, China, on the Siang River. 
II, M6 

Siao-lieh. In NW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Siao Pan. = Pan-y-shan-tze. II, L6 

Sibaca. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Sibayor. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Siberia. A country (Russia in 
Asia) between the Ural Moun- 
tains and the Pacific Ocean ; 4,- 
831,882 sq.mi. II, F-Tl-5 

Sibilit. A subdivision of the Maloh 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sibop. On the upper Tinjar, a 
tributary of the Baram River, 
N Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Sibos. On the upper Hi, central 
Asia. II, 14 

SiBUGUEY. A peninsula in W Min- 
danao, Philippine Islands. V, 
C3 



Sibungo 

Sibungo. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sihuyau. A subdivision of the Sea 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sicanians. An ancient people of 
Sicily. Ill, F5 

Sicily. The largest island in the 
Mediterranean Sea; at the SW 
tip of Italy. Ill, F5 

Siculians. An ancient people of 
Sicily. Ill, F5 

SicYON. An ancient city of Greece, 
near Corinth. Ill, G5 

Sidama. In SW Abyssinia. I, F5 

Sidi-Habura. A subdivision of the 
Danakil, I, G4i 

SiDRA, Gulf of. An inlet on the 
coast of Tripoli and Barca. I, 
D2 

Siduan. A subdivision of the Mi- 
lanau. V, B3 

Siena. In W Sudan. I, B4 

Sienietye. On the Blue Nile, a 
tributary of the Nile. I, F4 

Sien-pi. A people who succeeded 
the Huns in the 2d century as 
the possessors of the greater 
part of Mongolia. II, K-M4 

Sienuf. On the W side of the mid- 
dle Niger, W Africa. I, BC4 

Sierra Leone. A British W Af- 
rican colony and protectorate; 
31,000 sq.mi. I, A5 

Sierra Madre. Mountain chains 
on the E and W borders of the 
central plateau, Mexico. IV, K 
L8,9 

Sierra Nevada. (1) Mountain 
ranges in E California. IV, H7. 
(2) Mountains in S Spain. Ill, 
D5. (3) De Santa Marta. 
Mountains in NE Colombia. VI, 
Cl 

Sifan. A Mongolian people lo- 
cated between the Tibetans and 
the Chinese proper in W Sze- 
chuan and the NW part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L5,6 



222 

Sigalang. A subdivision of the Mi- 
lanau. V, B3 

Sign. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sihan. On the Rej ang River, Sara- 
wak, Borneo. V, B3 

Sihanaka. In NE Madagascar. I, 
G7 

Sihasapa. A small division of the 
Teton Sioux, in North and 
South Dakota. They are com- 
monly called Blackfeet, which 
must not be confounded with 
the tribe of the same name, a 
division of the Algonquian. IV, 
K6 

Sijame. A tribe, either Tonkawan 
or Coahuiltecan, represented in 
considerable numbers between 
1719 and 1763 in Texas. IV, 
KL7,8 

Sika. The Orang Laut in some 
parts of Borneo and in Billi- 
ton Island. V, AB4 

Sikalau. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, B4 

Sikapat. On the Kapuas River in 
the W part of Dutch Borneo. 
V, B4 

Sikauni. On the upper Eraser Riv- 
er, British Columbia. IV, H5 

Sikepang. On the Rej ang River, 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

SlKHIM. = SlKKIM. II, J6 

Sikhs. In Panjab, India. II, 15,6 

Si-KiANG. A large river (kiang) 
more than 1,000 miles long, 
flowing from S China to the 
China Sea. II, LM6 

Sikisi. Native name of the Lum- 
bwa. I, F6 

SiKKiM. A native state NE of In- 
dia, between Nepal and Bhutan. 
II, J6 

Sikkimese. Natives of Sikkim. II, 
J6 

Sikosuilarmiut. Near Cape King 



223 

on the S coast of Baffin Land. 
IV, 0P4 

Siksika. An important Algonquian 
confederacy of the N plains, 
consisting of three subtribes, 
the Siksika proper (or Black- 
feet), the Kainah (or Bloods), 
and the Piegan, the whole body 
being popularly known as 
Blackf eet ; in Saskatchewan and 
Montana. IV, J5,6 

Siksikauo. = Siksika. IV, J5,6 

Silesia. (1) A province in SE 
Prussia. Ill, F3. (2) A district 
in NE Czechoslovakia. Ill, F4 

Silipane. In the province of Nueva 
Vizcaya, Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Sillube. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4.,5 

Silong. = Selnng. II, K7 

Simaomo. A central Texas tribe 
or group, apparently Tonka- 
wan, in the 17th and early 18th 
century. IV, KL8 

Simbeba. = Bashimba. I, D7 

Simbirankobe. A subdivision of the 
Fulah. I, B-E4,5 

Simbirsk. A government in E cen- 
tral Russia. Ill, J3 

Simigae. On the banks of the Cu- 
raray and Tigre, upper tribu- 
taries of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Similkameen. In British Columbia. 
IV, GH5 

Simirinche. = Pirro. VI, C4 

Si-mo. In the central part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Simpoke. A subdivision of the 
Land Dyak. V, B3,4 

Simpsian. = Tsimshian. IV, G4,5 

Sinabu. A subdivision of the Moxo. 
VI, D4 

Sinai. (1) A peninsula in Arabia, 
at the N end of the Red Sea. 
II, E6. (2) A mountain, prob- 
ably in the Sinai Peninsula, but 
not identified. II, E 6 



Siouan Family 

SiNALOA. A state in N Mexico. 
IV, JK8 

Sinaloa. A division of the Cahita 
group of the Piman family, in- 
habiting principally N Sinaloa 
and SE Sonora, Mexico. IV, 
JK8 

Acinar. = Sennah. V, B3,4 

Sinchictu. A subdivision of the Za- 
paro. VI, C3 

SiND. A division of NW Bombay 
presidency, British India. II, 
16,7 

Sindega. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Sindhu. = Shendn. II, K6 

Sindi. The natives of Sind, W In- 
dia. II, 16,7 

Singacuchusca. = Itucale. VI, C3 

iSin^/o. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Singgie. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Singhalese. In the S half of Cey- 
lon, India. II, IJ8 

Singhpo. = Ch.ingipaw. II, K6 

Singpaw. = Chingpa,w. II, K6 

Singphe, Singpho, and Singphu. 
= Chingpaw. II, K6 

Singpo. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Sinhalese. = Singhalese. II, IJ8 

Siniker. = Seneca. IV, N6 

Sinimiut. On the SW shore of the 
Gulf of Boothia, N Canada. IV, 
L2,3 

Sinjabi. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

SiNKiANG. A Chinese province 
comprising all of Chinese Cen- 
tral Asia between Mongolia and 
Tibet. II, I-K4,5 

Sinkiuse. An interior Salish tribe. 
IV, J5,6 

Sinsiga. Near Tunja, the capital 
of Boyaca, Colombia. VI, C2 

Siouan Family. The most popu- 
lous linguistic family N of Mex- 
ico, next to the Algonquian. 
The name is taken from a term 



Sioux 



2M 



applied to the largest and best 
known tribal group or confed- 
eracy belonging to the family, 
the Sioux or Dakota. From Can- 
ada to Arkansas and Oklahoma, 
and in the Carolinas and Vir- 
ginia. The chief members of 
the family are the Assiniboin, 
Crows, Dakota, Omaha, Osage, 
and Winnebago. IV, KL5-7, 
N7 

Sioux. = Dakota : A Siouan tribe in 
North and South Dakota, Wis- 
consin, and other N states of 
the United States. IV, KL5,6 

Sipaia. On the Xingu River, Bra- 
zil. VI, E3 

Sipibo. = Shipiho. VI, C3 

Sipivio. = Shipibo. VI, C3 

Siquia. On the upper Rio Mico, a 
tributary of the Escondido, 
Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Siranians. In the governments of 
Vologda and Archangel, Russia. 
Ill, HJ2,3 

Sirdehi. S of the Hindu Kush, Af- 
ghanistan. II, 15 

SiRGUJA. A district of Chota Nag- 
pur, India. II, IJ6 

Siriguano. = Chiriguano. VI, D2 

Siriono. On the Paray River, Bo- 
livia. VI, D4 

Siroa. On the Uaupes, an upper 
branch of the Rio Negro, Co- 
lombia. VI, C2 

Si-shi Miao. In the SE part of 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

/SmA^a. = Siksika. IV, 35,6 

Sisseton. One of the seven original 
tribes of the Dakota; in South 
and North Dakota. IV, KL6 

Sistani. In the region of the lower 
Helmand River, SW Afghani- 
stan. II, H 5 

Sitibo. On the Ucayali River, 
Peru. VI, C3 

Sitka. A town in the Alexander 



Archipelago, SE Alaska. IV, F 
4 

Sitka. A Tlinkit tribe, named from 
their principal town, on the W 
coast of Baranof Island, Alaska. 
IV, F4 

Situfa. On the Casanare, a tribu- 
tary of the Meta, Colombia. VI, 
C2 

Siuslaw. A small Yakonan tribe 
formerly living on and near 
Siuslaw River, W Oregon. IV, 
H6 

Siusy. On the Isanna, an upper 
branch of the Rio Negro, Bra- 
zil. VI, D3 

SiuT. = AssiouT. I, F3 

SivAS. A district in NE Asia Mi- 
nor. II, E4,6 

Sirvah. In Egypt. I, EF3 

Siwalbe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Siyin. In the Chin Hills, W Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Skagit. In NW Washington. IV, 
H6 

Skapan. = Punan. V, B3 

Skaran. A subdivision of the Sea 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Skeena. a river in W British Co- 
lumbia. IV, G5 

Skeena. A subdivision of the Hai- 
da. IV, FG5 

Sketehlmish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Skidi. One of the tribes of the 
Pawnee confederacy, sometimes 
called Wolf Pawnee, and by the 
French Pawnee Loup; in Ne- 
braska and Oklahoma. IV, KL 
6,7 

Skidigate. A subdivision of the 
Haida. IV, FG5 

Skihmamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ6,7 

Skilloot. = Echeloot. IV, H6 

Skinpah. In Washington. IV, H6 

Skiptar. = ShkiTpetaTi. Ill, FG4 



225 



Soke 



Skitsuish. = SkiiswisYi. IV, HJ5,6 

Skitswish. A Salishan tribe on a 
river and lake of the same name 
in N Idaho. IV, UJ5,6 

Shittagetan Family. The name ap- 
plied to a linguistic family com- 
posed of the Indians usually 
known as Haida. IV, FG5 

Skokomish. On the Madison reser- 
vation, Washington. IV, H6 

Skopamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Skyring. a gulf in S Chile. VI, 
C8 

Skyros. An island of the N Spora- 
des, Greece. Ill, G5 

Slav. A collective name for peo- 
ples in the greater part of Rus- 
sia (except the N part and the 
Caucasus), Poland, Czechoslo- 
vakia, and parts of Hungary, 
Jugoslavia, and Albania; of 
which the chief divisions are 
Bosnians, Croats, Czechs, Mon- 
tenegrins, Morlaks, Poles, Rus- 
sians, Serbs, Slovaks, and Slo- 
venes. Ill, F-L2-4 

Slave. = T>og-vihs. IV, HJ3,4 

Slave Coast. The coast of Guin- 
ea, W Africa, between the 
Benin and Volta rivers. I, C5 

Slavonians. = Slav. Ill, F— L2— 4 

Slo. The Tibetan name for the 
Abor. II, K6 

Slovak. In N Hungary and the 
adjoining parts of Czechoslo- 
vakia. Ill, FG4 

Slovene. In Styria, Carinthia, Car- 
niola, and parts of the Kiisten- 
land and Hungary. Ill, F4 

Slovintsi. = Slovene. Ill, F4 

Sluacus-tinneh. A subdivision of 
the N Athapascan. IV, HJ4 

Smith Sound. The N extremity 
of Baffin Bay, to the W of N 
Greenland. IV, OP 1,2 

Smoos. The English name of the 
Ulva. IV, MIO 



Smulkamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Smyrna. A district in W Asia 
Minor, on the Aegean Sea. II, 
D5 

Snake River. Flowing from Yel- 
lowstone National Park 939 
miles to Columbia River, Wash- 
ington. IV, HJ6 

iiSnaAre*. = Shoshoni. IV, HJ6,7 

Snohomish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Snoqualmi. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Snowy River. A stream in E Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

So. = Soy. I, D4 

Soahile. = Suahili. I, FG6 

Sobaipuri. A Piman tribe in S 
Arizona and upper Sonora. IV, 
J7,8 

Sob AT. A tributary of the upper 
NQe. I, F5 

Sobo. In Nigeria, W Africa. I, C5 

Society Islands. In the S Pacific 
(Polynesia) ; the chief island is 
Tahiti. V, LM5 

SoDOM. A city or country the 
wickedness and destruction of 
which, with the neighboring 
Gomorrah, are described in 
Genesis xviii— xix. Traditionally 
supposed to be covered by the 
Dead Sea. II, E5 

Sofala. S of the lower Zambesi 
River, Africa. I, F7,8 

Sofi. W of the middle Bahr-el- 
Jebel, the upper part of the 
Nile, and E of the Bongo and 
Mittu tribes. I, F5 

Sohili. = Suahili. I, FG6 

aS'ozo^. = Soyon. II, K3 

Soiote. The Russian name for the 
Tuba. II, K3 

Soke. In the S part of Vancou- 
ver Island, British Columbia. 
IV, GH5 



Sokhalar 



226 



Sokhalar. Native name of the 
Yakut. II, M-Ol,2 

Sokhti. A subdivision of the Sarik. 
II, H4,5 

Sohko. A subdivision of the Man- 
dingo. I, AB4,5 

Sokoa. On the W coast of Califor- 
nia. IV, H 7 

Sokoki. A tribe closely connected 
•with, the Abnaki, and probably 
a part of the confederacy; in 
upper New York. IV; 06 

Sokoro. In Wadai, Africa. I, DE4 

SoKOTo. A sultanate and province 
in N Nigeria. I, C4 

Sok-pa. In NE Tibet. II, K5 

Sokte. In W Upper Burma. II, 
K6 

Sol. A subdivision of the Kara- 
Kirghiz. II, 15 

Solima. On the headwaters of the 
Niger, Africa. I, B4 

SoUmoes. Formerly on the banks 
of the Amazon near the mouth 
of the Purus. VI, D3 

Solo. A sultanate in Java. V, A4 

SoLoiRA. A village in the Fiji Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, H5 

Solomon Islands. A group E of 
New Guinea, in Melanesia. V, 
FG4,5 

Somal. = Somali. I, GH4,5 

Somali. In E Africa from the 
Gulf of Aden to the Juba Riv- 
er. I, GH4,5 

SOMALILAND. (1) ITALIAN. A Col- 

ony in E Africa; 154,000 sq.mi. 
I, G— H4-6. (2) Protectorate. 
A British possession in E Af- 
rica ; 68,000 sq.mi. I, G4,5 

Sombe. On the middle Kuanza 
River, Angola. I, D7 

Somo Somo. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Somrai. On the Shari River, SE 
of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

Sona, Sonar. = Sunar. II, Hl5 

Songhai. a native state founded 



in 1010, and lying S of Tim- 
buctoo, Africa. I, B4 

Songhay. S (about lat. 15°N) of 
the great curve of the Niger, W 
Africa. I, B4 

Songish. A Salishan tribe on Van- 
couver Island, British Colum- 
bia. IV, GH5,6 

Songka. a river (song) in SW 
China and Tonkin, 500 miles 
long, flowing into the Gulf of 
Tonkin. Also called Sungkoi or 
Red River. II, L6 

Soninke. = Soninki. I, A4 

Soninki. On the upper Senegal 
River, W Africa. I, A4 

Sonomi. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

SoNORA. A state in NW Mexico. 

IV, J8 

Sonqua. An extinct Hottentot 

tribe. I, E9 
SoNRHAi. = Songhai. I, B4 
Sonrhay. = Songhay. I, B4 
SoNsoL. An island in the Caro- 
line Archipelago, Micronesia. 

V, D3 

Soongar. A subdivision of the 

Kalmuck. II, JK4; III, J4 
^or6. = Wends. Ill, F3 
Sorgou. In the Sahara Desert. I, 

C3 
Sori. = Seri. IV, JS 
SoRiA. A province in N central 

Spain. Ill, D4 
Soso. = Susu. I, B4 
Sosohe. A subdivision of the Fu- 

lah. I, B-E4,5 
Sosse. = Susu. I, B4 
Sot. = Isot. II, 16 
Sotik. NE of Victoria Nyanza, 

Africa. I, F5,6 
Sotrohazo. In SE Madagascar. I, 

G8 
Soumoo. = \J\va. IV, MlO 
Souriquoi. The French name of 

the Mikmak. IV, P5,6 
South Africa, Union of. A self- 



227 

governing British colony com- 
prising the provinces of Cape 
of Good Hope, Natal, Trans- 
vaal, and Orange Free State; 
473,089 sq.mi. I, D-F7-9 

South African Republic, A for- 
mer name of the Transvaal, 
South Africa. I, EF8 

South Africans. Inhabitants of the 
Union of South Africa. I, D— F 
7-9 

Southampton Island. In the N 
part of Hudson Bay, Canada. 
IV, MN3,4. 

South Andaman. The S island of 
the Andaman Islands, Bay of 
Bengal. II, K7 

South Australia. A state in S 
central Australia. V, C— E6,7 

South Carolina. A state in SE 
United States. IV, N7 

South Dakota. A state in N cen- 
tral United States. IV, KL5,6 

Southern Rhodesia. That part 
of Rhodesia S of the Zambesi 
River, comprising Matabeleland 
and Mashonaland. I, EF7,8 

Southern Ute. The general official 
designation of the Ute (q-v.) 
under the Fort Levris and 
Southern Ute school superin- 
tendency, SW Colorado, on a 
reservation comprising 483,750 
acres. They comprise the Ca- 
pote, Moache, and Wimimuche 
bands. IV, JK7 

South Georgia. An island in the 
S Atlantic Ocean, E of Tierra 
del Fuego. VI, G8 

South Island. The S and largest 
island of New Zealand. V, GH8 

South Russia. A division of Rus- 
sia, S of Little Russia. Ill, H4 

South Slavs. The Slavs in S Rus- 
sia. Ill, H4 

Sow. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Sowhylee. = Snahili. I, FG6 



Squaw Valley 

Soy. Near Lake Chad, Africa. I, 
D4 

Soyon. Reindeer nomads of the 
upper Yenisei, and NW Mon- 
golia. II, K3 

Soyot. = Soyon. II, K3 

Soyut. A subdivision of the Maloh 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Spain. A kingdom in SW Europe; 
194,783 sq.mi. Ill, DE4,5 

Spaniards. The people of Spain. 
Ill, DE4,5 

Spanish Guinea. The possessions 
of Spain, including Rio Muni 
and the islands in the Gulf of 
Guinea. I, CD5,6 

Sparta. The capital of ancient 
Laconia, Greece, and chief city 
of the Peloponnesus. Ill, G5 

Spencer's Gulf. A large inlet 
in South Australia, between 
Yorke's and Eyre's peninsulas. 
V, D7 

Sphakiots. In Crete; descendants 
of the invaders from the N who 
swept away the Achaean civili- 
zation and became the Dorians 
of Greece. Ill, G5 

Spice Islands. = Moluccas. V, C 
D3,4 

Spitzbergen. a group of islands 
in the Arctic Ocean N of Nor- 
way. Ill, Gl 

Spokan. A name applied to sev- 
eral small bodies of Salish on 
and near Spokane River, NE 
Washington. IV, H6 

Sporades. a group of islands off 
the SW coast of Asia Minor. 
Ill, G5 

Squamish. ^Squawmish. IV, H5 

Squamscott. Formerly in Maine; 
now extinct. IV, 06 

Squammish. A Salishan tribe in 
British Columbia. IV, H5 

Squaw Valley. N of Lake Tu- 
lare, central California. IV, H7 



Squaxon 

Squaxon. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Squonamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Sso. An invading Negro tribe in 
the kingdom of Canem, S Su- 
dan. I, D4 

Staffa. One of the Hebrides Is- 
lands, the Scottish Fingal's 
Cave. Ill, D3 

Stakhin. = S\Xckt&a. IV, Y4t 

Stang. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4< 

Stanley. (1) Falls. Seven cata- 
racts of the Congo River on the 
Equator. I, E5,6. (2) Pool. An 
expansion of the Congo, just 
S of lat. 4.°S. I, D6. (3) Range. 
= Barrier Range. V, E7 

Stanovoi Range. Mountains of 
E Siberia, the watershed be- 
tween the Arctic and the Pacific 
oceans. II, O— T2,3 

Stehtsasamish. A subdivision of 
the Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Steppes, The. A former govern- 
ment in Russian Central Asia. 
II, IJ3,4. 

Stewart Island. S of South Is- 
land, New Zealand. V, G8 

Stickeen. A subdivision of the 
Tlinkit. IV, F4 

Stickine. a river in SE Alaska. 
IV, F4 

Stieng. = Moi. II, L7 

Stillacum. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Stirling, Mount. In Western 
Australia. V, B7 

Stockbridges. A tribe of the Mahi- 
can confederacy, first known 
under the name of Housatonic; 
SW Massachusetts. IV, 06 

Stone Sioux. = Assiniboin. IV, JK5 

Stradbroke Island. Off the SE 
coast of Queensland. V, F6 

Straits Settlements. A British 



228 

colony, S Malay Peninsula and 
adjacent islands. V, A3 

Stuart Ranges. Mountains in 
South Australia. V, D7 

Stymphalus. a town in ancient 
Arcadia, a mountainous district 
in Greece. Ill, G5 

Styria. a province in SE Austria. 
Ill, F4 

Suahili. On the coast of British 
East Africa and Tanganyika, 
and in Zanzibar and the adja- 
cent islands. I, FG6 

Suait. A subdivision of the Maloh 
Dyak. V, B3,4. 

SuAKiN. A town in Anglo-Egyp- 
tian Sudan, on the Red Sea. I, 
F4 

Suarirana. = Solimoes. VI, D3 

Suawua. = Zouaoua. I, CD2 

Suhano. In the peninsula of Sibu- 
guey, W Mindanao, Philippine 
Islands. V, C3 

Subanu, and Subanun. = Subano. 
V, C3 

Subirona. On the Rio Coco, N 
Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Subtiaba. Near Leon, a city in 
Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Sucumboi. In Cuzco, Peru. VI, C4 

Sudan. (1) A region in Africa, S 
of the Sahara and Libyan des- 
erts. I, B-F4. (2) Anglo- 
Egyptian. A country W of the 
Red Sea, Eritrea, and Abys- 
sinia. I, D-F3-5 

Sudanese. A collective name for 
the tribes occupying the Sudan. 
I, B-F4 

Sudra. In Malabar and the other 
S portions of India. II, I7,8 

Sudra Nayar. A subdivision of the 
Nayar. II, 17,8 

Sudube. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Sue. In Cambodia. II, L7 

Suez, Isthmus of. In Egypt, join- 
ing Africa to Asia. I, F2,3 



229 



Surcee 



Sugon. On the lower Klamath Riv- 
er, California. IV, H6 

Suhinimiut. A tribe of Labrador 
Eskimo. IV, P4i 

Suk. In Kenya ; = Suku, 2. I, F5 

Sukong. A subdivision of the Land 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Suhu. (l) = Hami. II, L8. (2) SW 
of Lake Rudolph, Kenya. I, F5 

Suliman Khel. On the middle Go- 
mal, a tributary of the Indus, 
India. II, 15 

Sulka. In New Britain, Melanesia. 
V, EF4 

SuLU Archipelago. In the SW 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Sulus. In the Sulu Archipelago, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Suma. A semi-nomadic tribe, one 
branch of which formerly occu- 
pied the region of the Casas 
Grandas in Chihuahua, Mexico, 
and the other the vicinity of El 
Paso, Texas. IV, K8 

Sumass. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Sumatra. A large island in the 
Dutch East Indies. V, A3,4 

SuMBA. = Sandalwood. V, BC4,5 

SuMBAWA. An island in the Dutch 
East Indies, E of Java; not to 
be confused with Sumba. V, B4! 

Sumbe. = Sombe. I, D7 

Sumhwa. = Lumbwa. I, F6 

Sumerians. Inhabitants of an an- 
cient region (Sumer) of lower 
Babylonia (or, according to 
some, equivalent to Babylonia). 
II, F5 

Sumo. In the forest river-area of 
Nicaragua. IV, MlO 

Sumu. In the W part of Szechuan, 
China. II, L5 

Sunar. In North-Western Prov- 
inces, India. II, Hl5 

SuNDA. (1) Isles. A chain in the 
Malay Archipelago; they sepa- 
rate the Java Sea from the In- 



dian Ocean. V, A4. (2) Strait. 
Sixteen miles broad at the nar- 
rowest point, between Java and 
Sumatra. V, A4 

Sundanese. In the W part of Java. 
V, A4 

Sundyak. ^Dusnn. V, B3 

Sune. = Znni. IV, JK7 

Sungai. = Songhay. I, B4 

Sungari. a river in Manchuria, 
about 800 miles long, the chief 
tributary of the Amur. II, N04 

Sungei Ujong. In the Malay 
States. V, A3 

Sungor. In W Darfur, Africa. I, 
E4 

Sungu. A tribe of the Batetela, W 
of the upper Congo (about lat. 
5°S).I, E6 

Sunguru. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Sunnites. (1) One of the two 
main divisions of Mohammed- 
ans which acknowledge the first 
four caliphs to be the rightful 
successors of Mohammed. See 
Shiites. (2) In the SE part of 
Mongolia. II, LM4 

Sunwar. In W Nepal. II, J6 

Suomalaiset. Singular form of Su- 
omi. Ill, GH2 

Suorirana. On the Tapajos, Bra- 
zil. VI, E3 

Suoy. In N French Indo-China. 
II, L6 

Supebo. = Shipibo. VI, C3 

Superior, Lake. Between the 
United States and Canada, 
about 400 miles long; the larg- 
est of the Great Lakes. IV, M 
5,6 

Supinu. A subdivision of the Za- 
paro. VI, C3 

Suquamish. A subdivision of the 
Salishan. IV, HJ6,7 

Surabaya. A residency in NE 
Java. V, B4 

Surcee. = Blood. IV, J5,6 



Surhai 



230 



(Swr/iai. = Songhay. I, B4 

Suriam. A subdivision of the Gond. 
II, IJ6 

Surinam. A river in Dutch Gui- 
ana, flowing 400 miles to the 
Atlantic Ocean. VI, E2 

Surma. A river, 560 miles long, 
in Assam; the main branch of 
the Barak River. II, K6 

SusA. An ancient city, the capital 
of Elam; Biblical Shushan. II, 
F5 

Susians. Inhabitants of Susa. II, 
F5 

Susquehanna. A tribe of the Iro- 
quoian stock, situated on the 
lower portion of the Susque- 
hanna River and its affluents, 
Pennsylvania. IV, N6 

Susquehannock. = Sxisqneh.aima. IV, 
N6 

Sussaqua. An extinct Hottentot 
tribe. I, E9 

Sussex. A county in SE England, 
on the English Channel. Ill, 
E3 

Susu. A Mande-Mandingo group, 
along the upper Niger, W Af- 
rica; about lat. 10° N, long. 10° 
W. I, B4 

Sutaya. A subdivision of the Chey- 
enne. IV, KL6 

SuTLEJ. A river, flowing from 
Tibet 900 miles to the Indus 
River, in Panjab, India. II, I5 

SuTTOR. A river in E Queensland. 

V, EF6 

Suwahili. = Suahili. I, FG6 

Suya. On the upper Xingu, Brazil. 

VI, E3,4 

(Swaw. = Swanetians. Ill, J4 
Svanet, or Svani. = Swanetians. Ill, 

J4 
SwABiA, A district in SW Bavaria, 

S Germany. Ill, E4 
Swahere. = Suahili. I, FG6 
SwahilL = Suahili. I, FG6 
SwAKOp. A river in Southwest Af- 



rica, flowing into the Atlantic 
Ocean N of Walfisch Bay. I, D8 

Swallow Island. One of the 
Santa Cruz group, N of the 
New Hebrides, Melanesia. V, 
G4 

Swan. A river in Western Aus- 
tralia, flowing into the Indian 
Ocean. V, B7 

(Swan. = Swanetians. Ill, J4 

Stvanet.^ Swanetians. Ill, J4 

Swanetians. In the W Caucasus. 
Ill, J4 

Swartbois. A Hottentot group in 
the hinterland of Walfisch Bay, 
Southwest Africa. I, D8 

Swat, (l) A native territory of 
North-West Frontier Province, 
India. II, 1 5,6. (2) A tributary 
of the Indus, N India. II, 15,6 

Swati. Natives of Swat, N India. 

II, 15,6 

Swazi. In Swaziland, N of Natal, 
South Africa. I, F8 

Swaziland. A British protector- 
ate N of Natal, South Africa; 
6,536 sq.mi. I, FS 

Sweden. A kingdom in N Europe; 
173,035 sq.mi. Ill, FG2,3 

Swedes. The people of Sweden. 

III, FG2,3 

Swinamish. A subdivision of the 

Salishan. IV, HJ5,6 
Swiss. The people of Switzerland. 

Ill, E4 
Switzerland. A federal republic 

in central Europe; 15,976 sq. 

mi. Ill, E4 
Sydney Cove. A district of Syd- 
ney, a seaport city of New 

South Wales. V, F7 
Syra. a Greek island of the Cyc- 

lades. Ill, G5 
Syracuse. A coast town in SE 

Sicily. Ill, F5 
Syr Daria. A river (daria) in 

Turkestan, 1,300 miles long. 



231 

flowing into the Aral Sea. II, 
H4 

Syria. A country in SW Asia; 
60,000 sq.mi. II, EF6 

Syrian Christians. An old Chris- 
tian tribe in S India. II, 17 

SzECHUAN. A province in W Chi- 
na. II, L5 



Tagacaolo 

SZECHWAN. = SZECHUAN. II, L5 

Ssekler. The Magyars on the 
slopes of the Carpathian Moun- 
tains. Ill, G4 

Szengrik. A subdivision of the 
Goklen. II, G5 

Szi. On the upper Irawadi, Bur- 
ma; lat. 26°N. II, K6 



I aaysheh. A subdivision of the 
Baggara. I, EF4 

Tahallau. On the Baram River, 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Tabaloso. A subdivision of the Ji- 
varo. VI, C3 

Tabanua. = Tagbanua. V, B2,3 

Tabasco. A state in SE Mexico. 
IV, L9 

Tablas. An island near S Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Tahlung. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Tahuca. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4. 

Tacame. A Coahuiltecan tribe liv- 
ing in the 1 8th century near the 
lower San Antonio and Nueces 
rivers, Texas. IV, L8 

Tacana. On the banks of the lower 
Madre de Dios, an upper branch 
of the Madeira, Bolivia. VI, D4 

Tachacuraye. On the right bank 
of the Napo, an upper branch 
of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Tachi. (1) One of the larger 
tribes of the Yokuts (Mari- 
posan) family, S central Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7. (2) In N Texas. 
IV, L7 

Tacna. a N province of Chile. 
VI, CD4 

Taconha-piue. On the Xingu, Bra- 
zil. VI, E3 

Tacuhuno. a river in NE Brazil, 
VI, F3 

Tacuhuno. Between the Tocantins 



and the Tacuhuno, Brazil. VI, 
F3 
Taculli. In the region of the upper 
Eraser River, British Columbia. 

IV, H5 

TacMraa. = Ticuna. VI, CD3 

Tacuror. = Torodo. I, A4 

Tacus. On the Rio Branco, N Bra- 
zil. VI, D2 

Tadianan. In the mountain vales 
of Mindoro, Philippine Islands. 

V, C3 

Tado. On the headwaters of the 
San Juan River, Cauca, Colom- 
bia. VI, C2 

Tadousac. A subdivision of the 
Montagnais, 1. IV, 05,6 

Taemuri. = Timuri. II, G5 

Taensa. Formerly in Louisiana; 
now extinct. IV, LM8 

Tafilelt. a group of oases in S 
Morocco. I, B2 

Tafimata. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

Tafua. One of the four sections 
into which the people of Tiko- 
pia, Melanesia, are divided. V, 
G4 

Tagabaloye. In Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Tagaharva. On both sides of 
Davao Bay, Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Tagabeli. Between Sarangani Bay 
and Lake Buluan, Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

Tagacaolo. On both sides of Davao 



Tagal 



232 



Bay, Mindanao, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C3 

Tagal. In the provinces of Manila, 
Corregidor (island), Cavite, Ba- 
taan, Bulacan, Batangas, In- 
fanta, and Laguna of Luzon, 
and Mindoro, also to a smaller 
extent, Tayabas, Zambales, Nu- 
eva Ecija, Isabela, and Principe 
of Luzon, Philippine Islands. 
V, C2 

Tagala. = Tagal. V, C2 - 

Tagalaogo. = Tagacaolo. V, C3 

Tagalo, and Tagalog. = Tagal. V, 
C2 

Taghalvoy. = Tagabaloye. V, C3 

Tagbanua. In Palawan and the 
Calamianes Group, Philippine 
Islands. V, B2,3 

Taghlik. Near Lake Pangong, W 
Tibet. II, L5 

Tagish. A subdivision of the Tlin- 
kit. IV, F4 

Tagohalooy. = Tagabaloye. V, C3 

Tagur. A subdivision of the Samo- 
yed. II, G-Jl,2 

Tagus. a river in Spain and Por- 
tugal, 566 miles long, flowing 
into the Atlantic Ocean. Ill, D5 

Tagvi. A subdivision of the Samo- 
yed. II, G-Jl,2 

Tahahteen. In California. IV, H7 

Tahami. In Colombia; now ex- 
tinct. VI, C2 

Tahano. = Tano. IV, K7 

Tahinolo. A subdivision of the 
Huaxteca. IV, L8,9 

Tahiti. One of the Society Is- 
lands, Polynesia. V, M5 

Tahitians. Natives of Tahiti, Poly- 
nesia. V, M5 

Tahkali. = TacuUi. IV, H5 

Tahltan. The southwesternmost 
tribal division of the Nahane 
Indians of the Athapascan fam- 
ily; in British Columbia and S 
Alaska. IV, FG4,5 

Tai. A collective name for the 



Laos, the Shan, and the Sia- 
mese, etc. II, KL6,7 

Taiassu. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Taifasy. In the SE part of Mada- 
gascar. I, G8 

Tailaku. A subdivision of the 
Kurds. II, F5 

Tai-lem. In SW Yunnan, China. 
II, L6 

Tai Levu. A subdivision of the 
Fijians. V, H5 

Tai-Loi. = Kun-'Loi. II, K6 

Tai-lu. In SW Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Taimoro. In the SE part of Mada- 
gascar. I, G8 

Tainan. A treaty port in SW For- 
mosa; also called Dainan. II, 
N6 

Taino. (1) An ancient tribe of 
the island of Haiti. IV, 09. (2) 
The language of the Arawak 
tribes in the Greater Antilles. 
IV, N09 

Tairtla. A subdivision of the Sa- 
haptin. IV, HJ6 

Taisaha. In E Madagascar. I, GS 

Taisaha. In the SE part of Mada- 
gascar. I, G8 

Taisonjo. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Tait. A subdivision of the Sa- 
lishan. IV, HJ5,6 

Taitchida. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Taivirondo. In the SE part of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Taivonona. In the SE part of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Tai-ya. In SW Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Taz^aZ. = Ataiyal. II, N6 

Taizato. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Taj a/b. = Tajik. II, H5,6 

Tajik. In E Persia, W Afghani- 



233 



Tampa Bay 



Stan, NW Baluchistan, and W 

Turkestan. II, H5,6 
TaAranifca. = Kenneka. VI, CDS 
Takay. = Tankay. I, G7 
Tahelma. A tribe which, together 

with the Upper Takelma, forms 

the Takilman linguistic family; 

SW Oregon. IV, H6 
Takhtaji. In Palestine. II, E5 
Takhtam. In S California. IV, H7 
Takht-i-Suleiman. Mountains in 

NW India. II, HI5,6 
!^aA;^'Zma. = Takelma. IV, H6 
Taku. A subdivision of the Tlin- 

kit. IV, F4 
Takue. In Eritrea, NE Africa. I, 

FG4 
Takulli. = Tacum. IV, H5 
Tola. In Darfur, Africa. I, E4 
Talaing. In Pegu, Burma; the 

southerners are called Kling, kl 

and tl not being distinguished in 

the pronunciation. II, K7 
Talamanca. A linguistic group in 

Central America, chiefly in 

Costa Rica. IV, MNlO 
Talandjang. On Humboldt Bay, 

Dutch New Guinea. V, D4 
Talansi. In N Gold Coast, W Af- 
rica. I, B5 
Talatui. In central California. IV, 

H7 
Talepoosa. A subdivision of the 

Chickasaw. IV, M7,8 
Talicud. An island in the Gulf of 

Davao, Mindanao, Philippine 

Islands. V, C3 
Talirpingmiut. A subdivision of 

the Oqomiut. IV, OP3,4 
Talkotin. On the upper Eraser, 

British Columbia. IV, H5 
Tallapoosa. A river in Alabama. 

IV, M7 
Taloinjunga. On the SE coast of 

South Australia. V, D7 
Talton. a river in SE Alaska. 

IV, F4 



Taltuctun tude. A subdivision o£ 
the Athapascan. IV, HJ5 

Tama. In the W part of Darfur, 
Africa. I, E4 

Tamal. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Taman. Along the upper Chin- 
dwin, Burma. II, K6 

Tamana. One of the Gilbert Is- 
lands, Micronesia. V, H3 

Tamanac. On the lower Orinoco, 
Venezuela. VI, D2 

Tamanaque. = Tamanac. VI, D2 

Taman Maloh. A subdivision of 
the Maloh Dyak. V, B3,4 

Tamare. On the Juruha, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Tamaroa. A tribe of the Illinois 
confederacy; on both sides of 
the Mississippi about the mouths 
of the Illinois and Missouri riv- 
ers. IV, M7 

Tamas. On the Napo, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Tamatave. The chief port of 
Madagascar, on the E coast of 
the island. I, G7 

Tamaulipas. a state in NE Mex- 
ico. IV, L8,9 

Tambahoaka. In E Madagascar. 
I, G7,8 

Tambuka. In Uganda. I, F5 

Tamil. In S India and the N part 
of Ceylon. II, IJ7,8 

Tamique. Near Matagorda Bay, 
E central Texas. IV, L8 

Tamoeno. On the TefFe, an upper 
branch of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Tamoleka. In central California. 
IV, H7 

Tamos. A tribe of Papuans in New 
Guinea. V, DE4 

Tamoyo. A once powerfiil Guarani 
tribe on the E coast of Brazil, 
near where Rio de Janeiro now 
stands. VI, F5 

Tampa Bay. In W central Florida. 
IV, N8 



Tampuan 

Tampuon. In French Indo-China. 
II, L7 

Tamuana. = Tamoeno. VI, D3 

TaTOwZ. = Tamil. II, IJ7,8 

Tana. A river in British East Af- 
rica, flowing about 500 miles to 
the Indian Ocean. I, FG6 

Tanala. In the forest of SE Mada- 
gascar. I, G8 

Tancahua. = Tonkaway. IV, L7,8 

Tandolano. On the W coast of 
Palawan, Philippine Islands. V, 
B2,3 

Tandrona. In N Madagascar. I, 
G7 

Tandroy. In the S extremity of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Tangala. On the Binue, a tribu- 
tary of the Niger, W Africa. I, 
C5 

Tanganyika, (l) A territory (for- 
merly German East Africa, now 
a British mandate) in E Africa ; 
365,000 sq.mi. I, F6,7. (2) 
Lake. 400 miles long, in E Af- 
rica. I, EF6 

Tangara. W of the Stuart Ranges, 
South Australia. V, D7 

Tangaroa. "A fair-skinned and 
handsome people of Polynesia." 
V 

Tanguiyan. = Tinguiane. V, C2 

Tangut. Predatory tribes of the 
NE borderland of Tibet. II, K5 

Tanima. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche; now extinct. IV, KL7 

Tunis. On the S border of Khost, 
a district of E Afghanistan. II, 
H5 

Tanisi. In E Madagascar. I, G7,8 

Tanjong. On the Rejang River, 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Tanharana. In the N extremity of 
Madagascar. I, G7 

Tanhay. In the E and NE parts 
of Madagascar. I, G7 

Tankhul. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 



234) 

Tanks. = Tonkaway. II, L7,8 

Tanna. An island in New Hebri- 
des, Melanesia. V, G5 

Tannopica. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Tano. A former group of Pueblo 
tribes of New Mexico, whose 
name has been adopted for the 
family designation (see Tanoan 
Family). IV, K7 

Tanoan Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily consisting of the Tewa, 
Tano, Tigua, Jemez, and Piro 
groups of Pueblo Indians, who 
dwell or dwelt in various sub- 
stantial villages on and near the 
Rio Grande in New Mexico. IV, 
K7 

Tanosy. In the SE extremity of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Tantsawhoot. E of the Great Bear 
Lake, Canada. IV, HJ3 

Tao. ( 1 ) A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4. (2) In the N 
part of New Mexico. IV, K7 

Tapacoa. On the mountainous E 
side of the Tocantins, Brazil. 
VI, F3,4 

Tapacura. A subdivision of the 
Moxo. VI, D4 

Tapajos. One of the principal 
tributaries of the Amazon, in 
central Brazil. VI, E3 

Topajos. = Tapajoso. VI, E3 

Tapajoso. On the lower Tapajos, 
Brazil. VI, E3 

Tapanhona. On the headwaters of 
the Tapajos, Brazil. VI, E3,4 

Tapasana. In the SE part of 
Madagascar. I, G8 

Tapauna. On the Tocantins, Bra- 
zil. VI, F3 

Tapaxana. On the Juruha and Ju- 
tay rivers, tributaries of the 
Amazon. VI, D3 

Tapayos. = Tapajos. VI, E3 

Tape. Formerly on the Uruguay 
River, Uruguay. VI, E6 



235 



Taruinbura 



Tapiete. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D5 

Tapijulapane. On the Rio de la 
Sierra, Mexico. IV, K9 

Tapirape. On the W side of the 
Araguaya River, Brazil. VI, E 
F3 

Tapiro. A pygmy people (Ne- 
grito) of Dutch New Guinea. 

V, D4 

Tapoosa. = Talepoosa. IV, M7,8 

Tappo. = Nupe. I, C5 

Tapu. = Dayang. II, K6 

Tapwo. = Nupe. I, C5 

Tapucuraca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4. 

Tapura. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 ' 

Tapuya. Aborigines of E Brazil, 
forest-dwellers of the coast 
area and of the interior high- 
lands as far as the Xingu River. 

VI, E-G3 

Tarahe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Tarahumara. = Tarahumari. IV, K 
8 

Tarahumari. A tribe of the Piman 
family in Sonora and Chihua- 
hua, Mexico. IV, KB 

Tarai. a region in N India. II, I6 

Taranaki. a provincial district in 
the W part of North Island, 
New Zealand. V, H7 

Taranaki. A subdivision of the 
Maori. V, H7 

Taranchi. Near Kuldja, the capi- 
tal of Hi, Chinese Turkestan. 
II, 14 

Taranto, Gulf of. An inlet, 70 
miles long, in the Mediterra- 
nean Sea, SE Italy. Ill, F4.,5 

Tarasco. In the uplands of the 
state of Michoacan, SW Mex- 
ico. IV, K9 

Tarawa. One of the Gilbert Is- 
lands, Micronesia. V, H3 

Tareng. On the headwaters of the 



Chindwin, a tributary of the 
Irawadi, Burma. II, K6 

Targi. The singular form of Tua- 
reg. I, C4 

Targut. In Zungaria and S Mon- 
golia. II, J-L4< 

Tari. In Tenasserim, Burma. II, 
K7 

Tariana. (1) A subdivision of the 
Barre. VI, D3. (2) An Ara- 
wak tribe on the Uaupes, NW 
Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Tarim, The chief river of Chinese 
Turkestan, 1,250 miles long. II, 
IJ4 

Tarin. Near Thai and Chotiali, 
towns on the NW frontier of 
India. II, 15 

Tarkalani. = Tarkani. II, I5 

Tarkani. W of the Panjkora, a 
tributary of the Kabul (a branch 
of the Indus), India. II, 15 

Tarn. A river and department in 
SW France. Ill, E4 

Tarn-et-Garonne. a department 
in SW France. Ill, E4 

Tarrarvarrackal. N of Corner In- 
let, Victoria. V, E7 

Tarribelung. On the lower Bur- 
nett River, SE Queensland. V, 
F6 

Tarru. W of Lake Victoria in the 
SW part of New South Wales. 
V, E7 

Tarrumbura. In E Queensland. V, 
EF6 

Tarshish. An ancient maritime 
country of uncertain location; 
probably in Asia Minor. II, E 5 

Tartar. = Tatar. II 

Tartary. An indefinite region in 
Asia and E Europe. II 

Tartharol. An endogamous divi- 
sion of the Toda. II, I7 

Tarubura. W of the head of Shoal- 
water Bay, E Queensland. V, 
F6 

Taruinbura. On the W shore of 



Taruma 



236 



Broad Sound, E Queensland. V, 
E6 

Taruma. In the S part of British 
Guiana, South America. VI, E2 

Tarumhul. S of the lower Fitzroy 
River, E Queensland. V, EF6 

Tashon. In the W part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6 

Tasm. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 
II, E6 

Tasmania. An island in the S 
Pacific Ocean, S of E Australia ; 
a state of the Commonwealth of 
Australia. V, E8 

Tasmanians. The aboriginal tribe 
of Tasmania; became quite ex- 
tinct in 1876. V, E8 

Tasman Islands. In Melanesia, 
about lat. 5°S, long. 159°E. V, 
F4 

Tat. On the SW shore of the Cas- 
pian Sea. II, F5 

Tatar. "Originally a tribe of the 
same origin as the Mongols. 
The term Tatar is generally 
used as synonymous with Turks, 
2, but both are the names for 
peoples of different origin. 
When they invaded the W under 
the leadership of Jenghis Khan 
with the Mongols in the begin- 
ning of the 13th century, the 
name of Tatars was gradually 
transferred to the W peoples 
called Turks. Hence, the name 
is used as a collective name for 
the Turkish tribes; the pure 
Tatars, however, no longer exist. 
Also by general custom, the 
term today is specifically used 
as the name of the peoples of 
Asiatic descent and Turkish 
speech scattered mainly through 
Russia and Asia Minor. At the 
present time, there are many 
peoples who bear the name of 
Tatar, e.g., the Astrakhan Ta- 
tars, Azerbaijan or Iranian Ta- 



tars, Crimean or Pontus Tatars, 
Nogai Tatars, Siberian Tatars, 
Volga or Kazan Tatars, etc., 
but all of these are either peo- 
ples belonging to the Turkish 
group, or else mixed races." 
(Matsumura, Gazetteer of Eth- 
nology, pp. 341-342.) II, III 

Tatary. = Tartary. II 

Tataten. a village of the Tolowa 
in N California. IV, H6 

Ta-tathi. On the N side of the 
Murray River, New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Tateburra. On the E coast of 
Queensland. V, EF6 

Ta-t'eo Miao. In the SW part of 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Tathzey. A subdivision of the Ku- 
tchin. IV, EF3 

Tati Bushmen. = Masarwa. I, ES 

Tatoongolong. Near Lake Wel- 
lington, E Victoria. V, E7 

Tatsanottine. An Athapascan tribe, 
belonging to the Chipewyan 
group, inhabiting the N shores 
and E bays of Great Slave 
Lake, Canada. IV, J4 

Tatsimatra. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Tatsimo. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Tatu. In NW California. IV, H6 

Tatus. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Tauare. Jivaro Indians of E Ecua- 
dor. VI, C3 

Taumako. One of the four sec- 
tions into which the people of 
Tikopia, Melanesia, are divided. 
V, G5 

Taumoca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Taungthu. = TnngthvL. II, K7 

Taungyo. In the S part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6,7 

Taunie. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 



237 



Tehermu 



Taupota. a town in SE New 
Guinea. V, E4. 

Tauputa. In the SE part of Brit- 
ish New Guinea. V, E4 

Taurians. A people of what is now 
the Crimea. Ill, H4< 

Tauro. In Sonora, Mexico. IV, J 
K8 

Taurus. A mountain range in SE 
Asia Minor. II, EF5 

Tawa^f . = Tavastrians. Ill, G2 

Tavastians. = Tavastrians. Ill, G2 

Tavastrians. A subdivision of the 
Finns in SW Finland. Ill, G2 

Taveta. a town in S Kenya. I, 
F6 

Tavoyan. In central Tenasserim, 
Burma. II, K7 

Tawacani. = Tawakoni. IV, L7,8 

Tawakoni. A Caddoan tribe of the 
Wichita group, best known on 
the middle Brazos and Trinity 
rivers, Texas, in the 18th and 
19th centuries. IV, L7,8 

Tawarhura. On the lower Mur- 
ray, SE Queensland. V, EF6 

TawariA;. = Tuareg. I, C3,4< 

Tawehash. A principal tribe of 
the Wichita confederacy, in 
New Mexico and Texas. IV, K 
7,8 

Tayabas. a province in S Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Ta-ya Keh-lao. In W Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Tayrona. An extinct tribe in N 
Colombia. VI, Cl 

Taywah. = Tehua. IV, K7 

Taz. A subdivision of the Usbeg. 
II, H4,5 

Tazi. A subdivision of the Tungus, 
II, J-T2 

Tcarvi. A subdivision of the Paw- 
nee. IV, KL6,7 

Tceme. Formerly at the mouth of 
the Rogue River, Oregon. IV, 
H6 



Tcetlestcan. Formerly on the coast 

of Oregon. IV, H6 
Tchad. = Chad. I, D4 
Tchaudor. On the NE shore of the 

Gulf of Kara Bugaz in the E 

part of the Caspian Sea. II, 

G4 
Tc}iauUhu. = C\mkchi. II, RS2 
Tchetchen. = Chukchi. II, RS2 
TcMhcM. = Chukchi. II, RS2 
Tchikun. A subdivision of the S 

Athapascan. IV, J5 
Tchinuk. = Chinook. IV, H6 
Tchishi. A subdivision of the 

Apache. IV, JK7 
Tchoud. In Estonia. Ill, G3 
Tchuang-jen. = Tung-jen. II, LM6 
TcHUAPA. A tributary of the 

Congo. I, E6 
Tchuktchi. = Chukchi. II, RS2 
Tchukutchi. = Chukchi. II, RS2 
Tchung-kia-tse. In W Kuichau, E 

Yunnan, and N Kwangsi, Chi- 
na. II, LM6 
Tchung Miao. = Tchung-kia-tze. 

II, LM6 
Tchuvash. = Chuvash. Ill, JK3 
Tebia. A subdivision of the Land 

Dyak. V, B3,4 
Tebu. = Tibbu. I, D4 
Teco. = Popoloca. IV, LM9,10 
Tecpanec. = Teipanec. IV, KL9 
Tecuna. ^Ticuna. VI, CD3 
Teda. = Tibbu. I, D4 
Teduray. = TiYUTaje. V, C3 
Teet. On the lower Eraser, British 

Columbia. IV, H5 
Teeton. = Teton. IV, KL6 
Teffe. a tributary of the middle 

Amazon. VI, D3 
Tegele. In the S part of Kordofan, 

Africa. I, EF4 
Tegua. = Tehua. IV, K7 
Teguraye. = Tiruraye. V, C3 
Tehennu. Amorites who, coming 

from the W, appear to have 

overthrown the sixth dynasty of 

Egypt about 2475 B.C., but were 



Tehua 



238 



expelled about the tenth dy- 
nasty. I, EF2,3 
Tehua. In New Mexico. IV, K7 
Tehuantepec, Isthmus of. In S 
Mexico, 130 miles wide, be- 
tween the Gulf of Mexico and 
the Pacific Ocean. IV, L9 
Tehueco. On the E coast of the 
Gulf of California, Mexico. IV, 
J8 
Tehuelche. The Araucanian name 
for the Patagonians. VI, CD7,8 
Teivaliol. An endogamous division 

of the Toda. II, K6 
Tejano. = Coah-aila. IV, K8 
Tej one. ^-Coahnila. IV, KB 
Tejua. A subdivision of the Apa- 
che. IV, JK7 
TeJca. = Tikar. I, D5 
Tekele. In the S part of Kordo- 

fan, Africa. I, EF4. 
Tehhe. Between the middle Amu 
Daria and the Caspian Sea. II, 
GH4,5 
Tehuna. On the upper Amazon. 

VI, D3 
TeZe^M. = Telugu. II, 17 
Telembi. In SW Ecuador. VI, C3 
Telenget. In the Altai Mountains, 

central Asia. II, JK4 
Teletz. In W Mongolia. II, JK4 
Teleut. On the banks of the upper 

Obi, about lat. 53°N. II, J3 
Teling. = Talaing. II, K7 
TeZmg-a. = Talaing. II, K7 
Telu. On the borders of Tibet and 

W Szechuan, China. II, L5 
Telugu. In Hyderabad, India. II, 

17 
Tembu. = Ajnatevahu. I, E9 
Tembuland. a territory in E 

Cape Province. I, E9 
Temhu. = TehennvL. 1, EF2,3 
Temne. In Sierra Leone, W Af- 
rica. I, As 
Ten' a. A branch of the Athapascan 
stock in central Alaska, on the 



Yukon River and its tributaries. 
IV, C4 

Tenae. Native name of the Anka 
Miri. II, K6 

Tenaino. On the Warm Springs 
reservation, Oregon. IV, H5 

Tenan. A subdivision of the Ku- 
tchin. IV, EF3 

Tenankutchin. = Tenan. IV, EF3 

Tenasserim. The S part of Lower 
Burma. II, K7 

Tenawa. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche. IV, KL7 

Tenda. In French Guinea, W Af- 
rica. I, A4 

Tene. In the W part of French 
Guinea, W Africa. I, A4 

Tenedos. An island five miles 
long, S of the Dardanelles. Ill, 
G5 

Teneriffe. The largest of the 
Canary Islands. I, A3 

Tenggerese. In the mountains of 
Java. V, AB4 

Tengsa. A subdivision of the 
Naga. II, K6 

Tenimbuea. A subdivision of the 
Uaupes. VI, D2,3 

Tenisam. = Taensa. IV, LMS 

Tennant Creek. In North Aus- 
tralia. V, D5 

T'ew.ne. = Athapascan. IV, G-L3— 7 

Tennessee. (1) A state in SE 
central United States. IV, M7. 
(2) A river, 639 miles long, 
flowing from Tennessee to the 
Ohio River. IV, M7 

re«m. = Athapascan. IV, G-L3-7 

Tenochtitlan. = Mexico proper ; 
a state in central Mexico. IV, 
KL9 

Tensagini. = Taensa. IV, LMS 

Tensau. = Taensa. IV, LMS 

Tenuai. Native name of the Nav- 
ajo. IV, J7 

Tepanec. Formerly in Mexico. IV, 
KL9 

Tepehuane. A Piman tribe for- 



239 

merly inhabiting mainly the 
state of Durango, Mexico. IV, 
K8,9 

Tepic. a territory in W Mexico. 
IV, K9 

Teppu Ans. A subdivision of the 
Kenniah. V, B4 

Tequistlateca. In Guerrero and 
Oajaca, Mexico. IV, L9 

Terawwi. = Toda. II, 17 

Terek. A river in the E Caucasus. 
Ill, J4 

Tereno. An Arawak group just N 
of the N Chaco, South America. 
VI, D4 

Ternate. An island of the Dutch 
East Indies, E of Celebes. V, 
C3 

Terocodame. Near the Rio Grande, 
in Coahuila, Mexico. IV, K8 

Terraba. In W Costa Rica. IV, M 
10 

Terrabura. W of the Great Divid- 
ing Range, E Queensland. V, 
E6 

Terremare. People who entered 
Latium in the 8th century b.c. 
and founded Rome. Ill, F4 

Terrin Challum. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 

Terrumbehal. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 

Terrutong. = Ysiak.a.. V, D7 

Terstamgali. A subdivision of the 
Karakalp^ak. II, H4 

Terwar. A subdivision of the 
Athapascan. IV, H 5 

TesJco. In Asben, an oasis coun- 
try of the Sahara. I, C4 

Teso. - Bateso. I, F5 

Tete-de-Boule. In W Quebec. IV, 
N5,6 

Teton. = Teton Sioux. IV, KL6 

Teton Sioux. The W and principal 
division of the Dakota, includ- 
ing all the bands formerly rang- 
ing veest of the Missouri River, 
and now residing on reserva- 



Thehengea 

tions in South and North Da- 
kota. IV, KL6 

Tetu Akikuyu. In Kenya, E Af- 
rica. I, F5 

Teuta. On the Rio Vermejo, N 
Argentina. VI, DE5 

Teutons. A name for a division of 
the Aryan or Indo-European 
group, including the Danes, 
Dutch, English, Flemings, Fri- 
sians, Germans, Norwegians, 
Swedes, etc. Ill, D-F2-4 

Tewa. A group of Pueblo tribes 
belonging to the Tanoan lin- 
guistic family; in N New Mex- 
ico; also called Tehua. IV, K7 

Tewan. = Tano. IV, K7 

Texas. A state in SW United 
States. IV, KL7,8 

Texas. The Hasinai tribes of An- 
gelina and upper Neches val- 
leys, Texas. IV, L8 

Texcocans. = Tezcucans. IV, KL9 

Tezcucans. Formerly in the valley 
of Mexico. IV, KL9 

Tezcuco. a lake in S central Mex- 
ico. IV, K9 

Thado. In Upper Burma. II, K6 

Thai. = Tai. II, KL6,7 

Thames River. (1) In SE Eng- 
land. Ill, DE3. (2) In E Con- 
necticut. IV, 06 

Thamudite. An extinct tribe in 
Arabia. II, F6 

Thana. (1) A village in Bengal 
Presidency, British India. II, 
J 6. (2) A town and district in 
Bombay Presidency, British In- 
dia. II, 16,7 

Thano. = Tano. IV, K7 

Tharamirttong. In NE Victoria. 
V, E7 

Tharoo. In Tarai, a region in N 
India. II, 16 

Thasos. An island in the N Aege- 
an Sea. Ill, G5 

Thay. = Tai. II, KL6,7 

Thebengea. In Bhutan. II, J6 



Thebes 



MO 



Thebes. An ancient ruined city 

on the Nile. I, F3 
Thera. An island, one of the Cyc- 

lades, Greece. Ill, G5 
T/iera/ca. = Atharaka. I, F6 
Thessaly. a region in NE Greece. 

Ill, G4,5 
Thiaka. A subdivision of the Wa- 

kamba. I, F6 
Thibetans. = TiheXaxiS. II, JK5,6 
Thibura. On the upper Burnett 

River, SE Queensland. V, EF6 
Thilanottine. An Athapascan tribe 

of the Chipewyan group ; in 

Saskatchewan. IV, K5 
Thioma. A subdivision of the Moi. 

II, L7 

Thlingchadinne. An Athapascan 

tribe or group of tribes, NW 

Canada, around the Mackenzie 

River. IV, F-H3,4 
Thlinget. = Tlinkit. IV, F4 
Thlinkeet. = Tlinkit. IV, F4 
Thnaina. = Kenai. IV, DE3,4 
Tho. In NE Tonkin, French Indo- 

China. II, L6 
Thompson Indians. = Ntlakyapa- 

muk. IV, GH5 
Thonga. In South Africa. I, E8 
Thotyal. A subdivision of the 

Gond. II, IJ6 
Thracians. An ancient people of 

Thrace, a region in SE Europe. 

III, G4 

Three Sisters. Islets in Torres 

Strait. V, E5 
Thuncumbura. In SE Queensland. 

V, F6 

Thuribura. On the mainland op- 
posite Great Sandy Island, 
Queensland. V, F6 

Thuringia. a region in S central 
Germany. Ill, F3 

Tiahuanaco. a district in Bolivia. 

VI, D4 

Tiari. On the Purus, a tributary of 

the Amazon. VI, D3 
Tibboo. = Tihhn. I, D4 



Tibbu. In the central Sahara, NE 
of Lake Chad. I, D4 

Tiber. A river in central Italy, 
flowing from the Tuscan Apen- 
nines, 244 miles to the Mediter- 
ranean Sea. Ill, F4 

Tiberias, Sea of. = Galilee, Sea 
OF. II, E6 

Tibesti. a stony, mountainous re- 
gion of the central Sahara, S 
of Fezzan. I, D3 

Tibet. A Chinese dependency, S 
of Sinkiang province. II, J-L 
5,6 

Tibetans. In Tibet, II, J-L6,6 

Tiboi. A subdivision of the Moxo. 
VI, D4 

Tiboina. In NW Madagascar. I, 
G7 

TiBURON. An island in the Gulf of 
California. IV, J8 

TiCAO. An island S of Luzon, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Ticuna. On the Yapura and the 
Putumayo, upper branches of 
the Amazon, and also on the 
lower Maraiion. VI, C3 

Tidni. ^Hilleri. V, CD7 

Tien Shan. A mountain chain 
(shan) in Russia and Chinese 
Turkestan. Also called Tian 
Shan, or Thian Shan. II, I-K 
4 

Tien Tsin. A city and treaty port 
in Chihli province, China. II, 
M5 

Tierra del Fuego. (1) A group 
of islands at the S end of South 
America. VI, CDS. (2) A terri- 
tory in Argentina, the E part 
of the group. VI, D8 

Tifherenana. In SW Madagascar. 
I, G8 

Tigre. a tributary of the upper 
Amazon in Ecuador and Peru. 
VI, C3 

Tigre. A province in N Abyssinia, 
bordering Eritrea. I, F4 



241 



Tinne 



Tigris. A river in SW Asia, 1,150 
miles long; it unites with the 
Euphrates. II, F6 

Tigritians. In Tigre, the northern- 
most division of Abyssinia. I, 
F4 

Tigua. A group of Pueblo tribes 
in New Mexico and Texas. IV, 
K7,8 

Tijuco. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Tikar. In Adamawa, a region in 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

Tiki-Tiki. = T&kiti]ski. I, E5 

Tikkitikki. The Azande name for 
the Negrillos, or African pyg- 
mies. I, E5 

TiKOPiA. A tiny island 120 miles 
SE of the Santa Cruz group, 
Melanesia. V, G5 

ri%-r%. = Tikkitikki. I, E5 

Tilbabura. SW of the Auanbura 
tribe in E Queensland; now ex- 
tinct. V, E6 

Tillamook. A large and prominent 
Salish tribe on Tillamook Bay 
and the rivers flowing into it, 
in NW Oregon. IV, H6 

Timahilaka. On the W coast of 
Madagascar. I, G7,8 

Timbira. In Goyaz, Brazil. VI, E 
F3 

TiMBUCToo. A town in French 
West Africa. I, B4i 

Timbuktu. = TiMBUCTOo. I, B4 

Timbuktu. N of the middle Niger, 
long. 4°W, Africa. I, B4 

Timena. In W Madagascar. I, G 
7,8 

Timerab. A subdivision of the Ja- 
lin. I, F4 

Timilanja. In W Madagascar. I, 
G7,8 

Timinaba. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Timiraha. In W Madagascar. I, 
G7,8 

Timmani. = Temne. I, A5 



Timneh. = Temne. I, A5 

Timni. = Temne. I, A5 

Timoga. = Timxicua. IV, N8 

Timor. An island 340 miles long, 
in the Malay Archipelago. V, 
C4,5 

Timorini. A pygmy group (Ne- 
gritos) in W New Guinea. V, 
D4 

Timor-Laut. An island to the E 
of Timor and N of North Aus- 
tralia. V, D4 

Timote. In the mountainous dis- 
trict S of Lake Maracaibo, 
Venezuela. VI, C2 

Timucua. The principal of the 
Timucuan tribes of Florida, 
formerly in the valley of St. 
John's River. IV, N8 

Timucuan Family. A group of 
cognate tribes formerly occupy- 
ing the greater part of N Flori- 
da. IV, N8 

Timuri. In Khorasan, a province 
of E Persia. II, G5,6 

Tinganese. On the Huallaga, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Ting-pan. = Kao-po Miao. II, L6 

Ting-pan-yao. = Fan-yao. II, L6 

Tingue. = Tinguiane. V, C2 

Tinguiane. In the W half of Abra 
and the bordering parts of Ilo- 
cos Norte and Ilocos Sur, Lu- 
zon, Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Tinitiane. On Bubayan Creek, 
Palawan, Philippine Islands. V, 
B2,3 

TiNjAR. A tributary of the Baram 
River in N Sarawak, Borneo. 
V, B3 
< Tin jar Sibop. A subdivision of the 
Sibop. V, B3 

Tinlinneh. Near Lake Tulare, 
California. IV, H7 

Tinne. The name sometimes given 
to the N division of the Atha- 



Tinneh 



M^ 



pascan Family (q.v.). IV, G— L 
3-5 
Tinneh. = Tinne. IV, G-L3-5 

TiNNEVELLY CoAST. In the S 
Madras Presidency, India. II, 
17,8 

Tinney. = Tinne. IV, G-L3-5 

Tinnsal. = Taensei. IV, LM8 

TiNos. An island, one of the Cyc- 
lades, Greece. Ill, G5 

Tionontati. A tribe formerly liv- 
ing in the mountains S of Not- 
tawasaga Bay, Ontario. IV, N6 

Tipperah. In Tipperah, a district 
in E Bengal, India. II, J6 

Tipuna. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the upper Amazon. VI, D8 

T'lputini. A subdivision of the Za- 
paro. VI, C8 

Tir. In Travancore, S India. II, 
17,8 

Tirki. A subdivision of the Oraon. 
II, IJ6 

Tiron. In the highest mountain re- 
gions in the neighborhood of 
Naujan (a village), Mindoro, 
Philippine Islands. V, C2 

Tirribi. A subdivision of the Tala- 
manca. IV, MNlO 

Tirtalowa. On the E coast of Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Tirthung. In E Victoria. V, E7 

rz>M6. = Terraba. IV, MlO, 

Tirulay. = Tirnraje. V, C8 

Tiruraye. In the province of 
Cottabato, Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands. V, C3 

Tisechu. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Tishum. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

TiTicACA, Lake. Between S Peru 
and Bolivia. VI, D4 

Tiverigoto. In Venezuela. VI, D2 

Tivilo. A subdivision of the Jivaro. 
VI, C3 

Tiwi. N of the middle Binue, a 



tributary of the Niger, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 
Tiyan. In S Malabar, S India. II, 

17,8 
Tiyyan. = Tiyan. II, 1 7,8 
Tizu. A river and mountain in 

Assam. II, K7 
Tjingilli. = Chingali. V, D5 
Tjivokoe. In Angola. I, D7 
Tlaasaht. = Classet. IV, H5,6 
Tlacopans. Members of the Aztec 

confederacy in central Mexico. 

IV, KL9 
Tlahuiltecs. Indians of N Mexico. 

IV, K8 
Tlakliut. A Chinookan tribe in S 

Washington. IV, H6 
Tlamath.^ Klamath. IV, H6 
Tlamatl. = Klamath. IV, H6 
Tlaokwiaht. = Clakoqnaht. IV, G5 
Tlascalans. Formerly in Tlaxcala, 

Mexico. IV, L9 
Tlascaltecs. = Tlascaltekans. IV, M 

10 
Tlascaltekans. In Salvador. IV, 

MlO 
Tlatscanai. A subdivision of the 

Athapascan. IV, J5 
Tlaxcala. A state in SE Mexico. 

IV, L9 

Tlaxcalans. = Tlascalans. IV, L9 
Tlaxcaltecos. ^Tlascalans. IV, L9 
Tlaxomultecas. In Jalisco, Mex- 
ico. IV, K9 
Tlinkit. Along the Alaskan coast 
from about lat. 56°N to lat. 60° 
N, as well as in the adjacent 
islands. IV, F4 
Tnai. = Kenai. IV, DE3,4 
Todla. In the S part of Celebes. 

V, BC4 

Toamtcha. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Toaripi. = Motu-Motu. V, E4 

Toba. In the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 

Tobago. An island attached to 



243 



Tong Miao 



Trinidad, British West Indies. 
VI, Dl 

Tobikhar. In S California. IV, H7 

ToBOL. A river in Siberia, 800 
miles long, flowing from the 
Ural Mountains to the Irtysh 
River. II, H3 

Tobolsk. A town in W Siberia, 
on the Irtysh River. II, H 3 

Tocanhope. Near the Xingu, Bra- 
zil. VI, E3 

TocANTiNs. A river in Brazil, 1,- 
700 miles long, flowing to the 
Para River. VI, F3,4 

Tocantins. On the Tocantins Riv- 
er, Brazil. VI, F3,4 

Tochu. On the border of Tibet 
and W Szechuan, China. II, L5 

Toda. In the Nilgiri Hills, S In- 
dia. II, 17 

Todetabi. In N California. IV, 
H6 

Todga. In Morocco. I, B2 

Toc^owo. = Toda. II, 17 

Tofoke. Along the lower Congo, 
about lat. 1°S, long. 24 °W. I, 
D6 

Togbo. Between the Ubangi and 
the Grinbingi (a branch of the 
Shari), central Africa. I, D5 

To^en. = Tugeri. V, E4 

Togiagmiut. In SW Alaska. IV, 
C4 

Togo, or Togoland. A country on 
the Slave Coast, Upper Guinea, 
W Africa. I, C5 

ToKELAu. = Union Group. V, K4 

ToKio. A city in SE Honshu, on 
Tokio Bay; the capital (since 
1869) of Japan. II, 0P5 

Toktamish. A subdivision of the 
Tekke. II, GH4,5 

Tokyo. = Tokio. II, OP5 

ToLLAN. The capital of the dis- 
trict of the Toltecs, S central 
Mexico. IV, K9 

To-Zo^-mon. = C'wan-man. II, L6 

Tolorva. An Athapascan tribe of 



extreme NW California. IV, 
H6 

Toltecs. An ancient tribe who oc- 
cupied the Mexican plateau. 
IV, KL9 

Toma. In NW Liberia, W Africa. 

I, AB5 

Tomaghera. In the central Sahara, 

NE of Lake Chad. I, D4 
Tomal. In Somaliland; one of the 

Pariah peoples. I, G4,5 
ToMBiGBEE. A river in Alabama. 

IV, M7,8 
Tombo. Near the junction of the 

Binue and the upper Niger, W 

Africa. I, B4 
Tomboyun. A subdivision of the 

Karakalpak. II, H4 
Tomoca. In Santa Marta province, 

Colombia. VI, Cl 
Tomoeno. A subdivision of the 

Chiquito. VI, DE4 
Tomsk. A former government in 

W Siberia. II, J3 
Tandy. Between the Dinka and 

Bongo tribes, Africa. I, E5 
Tonga. A group in the S Pacific, 

Polynesia. V, 35 
Tongabe. A subdivision of the Fu- 

lah. I, B-E4,5 
Tongaland. a territory of North 

Zululand, South Africa; also 

called Amatongaland. I, F8 
Tongans. In the Tonga Islands, 

Polynesia. V, J6 
Tongaranka. S of Barrier Range, 

New South Wales. V, E7 
Tongas. A subdivision of the Tlin- 

kit. IV, F4 
ToNGATABU IsLAND. S of Tonga, 

Polynesia. V, J6 
Tong- j en. In SE Kuichau, China. 

II, L6 

Tong-kia Miao. In S Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Tong Miao. In SE Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 



Tong-tsai Miao 



M4i 



Tong-tsai Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Tomca. = Tonika. IV, LM8 

Tonika. In 1700, on the lower 
Yazoo River, Mississippi; about 
1704, on the left bank of the 
Mississippi; in 1817, in Louisi- 
ana. IV, LM8 

Tonilaza. In SE Madagascar. I, 
G8 

Tonkawa. A prominent tribe, form- 
ing the Tonkawan ' linguistic 
family, which, during the most 
of the 18th and 19th centuries, 
lived in central Texas. IV, L7,8 

Tonkaway. = Tonkawa. IV, L7,8 

Tonkin. A French protectorate, 
N French Indo-China. II, L6 

Tonkinese. Natives of Tonkin, II, 
L6 

ToNKiNG, and Tongking. = Ton- 
kin. II, L6 

ToNLE Sap. A lake in Cambodia, 
French Indo-China, 100 to 770 
sq.mi., according to the season. 
II, L7 

Tonocote. W of the middle Rio 
Salado, Argentina. VI, D5,6 

Tonto. A subdivision of the Apa- 
che. IV, JK7 

Tooram. In W Victoria. V, E7 

Topaidisel. In N California. IV, 
H6 

Topnaar. The most northerly of 
the Naman Hottentots, in the 
hinterland of Walfisch Bay, 
Southwest Africa. I, D8 

Topoke. = Toi6ke. I, D6 

Toquaht. A subdivision of the Aht. 
IV, G5 

Toqueda. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Toquistenese. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D4,5 

Tor a. On the coast of Eritrea, N 
E Africa. I, FG4 



Toradja. In central Celebes. V, 

BC4 
Toras. Formerly on the lower Ma- 
deira, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon, but not now heard of in 
that region. VI, DE3 
Tomse. = Toras. VI, DE3 
Tor^oc?. = Targut. II, J-L4 
T or gut. = T Sir gat. II, J— L4 
Torobe. The plural form of To- 

rodo. I, A4 
Torodo. On the left bank of the 
lower Senegal, W Africa. I, A4 
ToRRENs, Lake. A salt lake 130 
miles long in South Australia. 
V, D7 
Torres Strait. A strait between 
New Guinea and Australia, 80 
miles wide. V, E4,5 
Tortuga. An island 25 miles long, 

N of Haiti. IV, 09 
Torunkarva. = Torodo. I, A4 
Tosikoyo. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 

IV, H7 

Tosk. A subdivision of the Al- 
banians. Ill, FG4 

Toskides. = i:os^. Ill, FG4 

Toto. On the left bank of the Sac- 
ramento River, California. IV, 
H7 

Totonac. In the N part of Vera 
Cruz, Mexico. IV, L9 

Totoro. Between the Magdalena 
and the Cauca rivers, Colom- 
bia. VI, C2 

Tototin. = Lototen. IV, H6 

Tottiyan. In S India. II, 17 

Touareg. = Tuareg. I, C4 

Toubouri. In Adamawa, a region 
in Cameroon, W Africa. I, D6 

Toucouleur. = Tovodo. I, A4 

Toumbuluh. In Minahasa, Celebes. 

V, C3 

Toungous. = Tungns. II, K-T2,3 
Toungthus. = Tungthus. II, K7 
Tourahonong. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 



245 



Tsarong 



Tourgouth. = Tar gut. 11^ J— L4 

Tours. A city in W central France. 
Ill, E4 

Toush. A subdivision of the Geor- 
gians. Ill, J4 

Towacarro. = Tawakom. IV, L.7,8 

Tomaconi. = Tawakom. lY, L7,8 

Towakarehu. = Tawakoni. IV, L7,8 

ToTvang. In Bhutan. II, JK6 

Towka. In Honduras. IV, MlO 

Toxi. A tributary of the Yukon 
River, in Alaska. IV, D3 

Tracey Island. In Samoa, Poly- 
nesia. V, J 5 

Transbaikalia. The district E of 
Lake Baikal, SE Siberia. II, 
M3 

Transcaspian Province. E and 
SE of the Caspian Sea. II, G 
H4,5 

Transcaucasia. The Caucasus, 
Russia, S of the Caucasus Moun- 
tains, but including Dagestan 
and N Baku. II, F4 

Transkei. a territory in E Cape 
Province, South Africa. I, E9 

Transleithania. Another name 
for Hungary. Ill, FG4 

Transvaal. Formerly, as the 
South African Republic, an in- 
dependent state; then a British 
colony, and since 1910 a prov- 
ince of the Union of South Af- 
rica. I, EF8 

Trao. A subdivision of the Moi. 
II, L7 

Trarsa. N of the lower Senegal, 
W Africa. I, A4 

Travancore. a native state, S 
Madras, India. II, 17,8 

Traz-os-Montes. a province of 
NE Portugal. Ill, D4 

Trebizond, a district in NE Asia 
Minor. II, E4 

Trengganu. a state in the E Ma- 
lay Peninsula. II, L8 

Tring. On the upper Limbang 
River, Brunei, Borneo. V, B4 



Trinidad. A West Indian island 
ofF Venezuela. VI, Dl 

Trinity. (1) A river in Texas. 
IV, L7,8. (2) A stream in NW 
California. IV, H6 

Trio. On the upper Corentyn Riv- 
er, which separates British and 
Dutch Guiana, South America. 
VI, E2 

Tripoli. A former Turkish vila- 
yet, N Africa; as Tripolitania, 
with Bengazi, it has formed, 
since 1912, Libya, an Italian 
dependency; 406,000 sq.mi. I, 
DE2,3 

Tristan de Cunha. A small island 
group in the S Atlantic Ocean; 
also spelled Tristan D'Acun- 
HA. I, A8 

Troas, or The Troad. A territory 
of ancient Troy, NW Mysia, 
Asia Minor. II, E 5 

Trobriand Islands. A group just 
E of the E coast of New Guin- 
ea. V, E4 

Tromso. a seaport in NW Nor- 
way. Ill, F2 

Trumai. On the upper Xingu, cen- 
tral Brazil. VI, E3 

Truxillo. a town in Libertad, 
Peru. VI, C3 

Tsabakosh. Caddo name for the 
Dakota. IV, KL6,6 

Ts'ai-kia. In central Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Tsakhar. = Chakar. II, LM4 

Tsakonians. In Laconia (an an- 
cient country in S Morea), 
Greece ; descendants of invaders 
from the N, who became Dori- 
ans in Greece. Ill, G5 

Tsalaki. = Cherokee. IV, MN7 ; L7 

TsANA, Lake. In NW Abyssinia. 

I, F4 

Tsarisen. In the mountainous re- 
gion in the S part of Formosa. 

II, N6 

Tsarong. In SE Tibet. II, K5,6 



Tsattine 



MQ 



Tsattine. An Athapascan tribe, be- 
longing to the Sekani group, 
who roam over the wide prairies 
S of Peace River, Alberta, and 
E of the Rocky Mountains. IV, 
J4,5 
Tsawadinoh. A subdivision of the 

Haeltzuk. IV, G6 
Tschantoga. A subdivision of the 
Assiniboin, NW of Lake Winni- 
peg, Canada. IV, KL5 
Tschwi. = Tshi. I, B5 . 
Tsea. = Sia. IV, K7 
Tsemakum. = Chimakum. IV, H6 
Tsetsaut. In British Columbia. IV, 

GH5 
Tshaima. Along the coast of Vene- 
zuela. VI, Dl,2 
Tshakar. = Chakar. II, LM4 
Tshekeri. W of the lower Niger, 

W Africa. I, C5 
Tsheltiere. A subdivision of the 
Yukaghir; now extinct. II, 0P2 
Tsheremis. = Cheremiss. Ill, JK3 
Tshetsh. = Chechen. Ill, J4 
Tshetshent. = Chechen. Ill, J4 
Tshi. Along the Gold Coast, W 

Africa. I, B5 
Tshifora. = Tuiel. I, B5 
Tshimsian. = Tsimshian. IV, G5 
Tshinuk. = Chinook. IV, H6 
Tshiriguano. In the extreme W 
part of the Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4,5 
Tshud. = Tchond. Ill, G3 
Tshuktshi. = Chukchi. II, RS2 
Tshuvantsi. = Chuwanze. II, RS2 
r^/iMua*^. = Chuvash. Ill, JK3 
Tsi-chien. In the central part of 

Yunnan, China. II, L6 
Tsienimbalala. In S Madagascar. 

I, G8 
Tsierandahy. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 
Tsi-kiang Miao. In SW Kuichau, 

China. II, L6 
Tsilkotin. An Athapascan tribe of 
British Columbia. IV, H5 



Tsillawdawhoot. SW of Great 
Slave Lake, Canada. IV, HJ4 

Tsimahafotsy. In central Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

Tsimanamhondro. In SE Mada- 
gascar. I, GS 

Tsimanompo. In SE Madagascar. 

I, GS 

T simiamhoholahy . In central Mad- 
agascar. I, GS 
Tsi Miao. In S Kuichau, China. 

II, L6 

Tsimihety. In N Madagascar. I, 
G7 

Tsimshian. The most important 
of the three main divisions of 
the Chimmesyan linguistic fam- 
ily, and that which gives it its 
name; on the Skeena River, W 
British Columbia. IV, G5 

Tsimsian. = Tsimshian. IV, G5 

Ts'ing Chong-kia. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Ts'ing-king Chong-kia. In SE 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

TsiNGLiNG Shan. A mountain 
range in Shensi and Kansu 
provinces of NW China; some- 
times called Peling. II, L5 

Ts'ing Miao. In the W and central 
parts of Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Tsingpo. = Chingpaw. II, K6 

Tsinuk. = Chinook. IV, H6 

Tsi-tseng. In N Mongolia. II, K- 
M4 

r*OKeca. = Tsoneka. VI, CD7,8 

Tsoneka. Indians living a roving, 
nomadic life on the Patagonian 
plateau. South America ; = Pata- 
gonians. VI, CD7,S 

Tsonontooa. French name for the 
Seneca. IV, N6 

Tso-o. In the mountainous region 
of Formosa. II, N6 

Tsrnagortsi. Native name of the 
Montenegrins. Ill, F4 

Tsushima. A Japanese island in 
the Korean Strait. II, 05 



247 



Tuma 



TuAMOTU. = Low Archipelago. V, 

M5,6 
Tuapoca. In N Venezuela. VI^ D2 
Tuareg. In the central Sahara, 

and W of the Tibbu tribes. I, 

C4 
rwarefc. = Tuareg. I, C4 
Tuarik. = Tuareg. I, C4 
Tuat. In Twat oasis^ W Sudan, 

Africa. I, B4 
Tuba. On the upper Yenisei, in 

NW Mongolia. II, K3 
TuBAc. A village in S Arizona. 

IV, J7 
Tubacica. A subdivision of the 

Chiquito. VI, DE4 
Tuhar. In the highlands of Chi- 
huahua and Durango, Mexico. 

IV, K8,9 
Tubatulabal. In California. IV, H 

7 
TuBETUBE. An island to the SE of 

New Guinea. V, F5 
TuboTv. On the Bintulu River, 

Sarawak, British Northwest 

Borneo. V, B3 
Tubu. = Tibbu. I, D4 
Tucana. = Tucano. VI, D2 
Tucano. A subdivision of the Ua- 

upes in Colombia. VI, D2 
TMcaHca. = Tukuarika. IV, J6 
Tuchale. Between the Tigre and 

the Pastassa, tributaries of the 

upper Amazon. VI, D3 
TucopiA. = TiKOPiA. V, G5 
Tucson. A city in S Arizona. IV, 

J7 
TucuMAN. A province in N Ar- 
gentina. VI, D5 
Tucuna. = Ticuna. VI, C3 
Tucundera. A subdivision of the 

Uaupes. VI, D2,3 
Tucura. In NW Colombia. VI, C2 
Tucuriy. On the S side of the 

Amazon. VI, E3 
Tucurrique. A subdivision of the 

Talamanca. IV, MNlO 
Tuda. = TodiSi. II, 17 



Tudi. In Baghalpur, a division of 

Behar, Bengal, India. II, J6 
Tufel. A Tshi-speaking people on 
the Gold Coast, W Africa. I, 
B5 

TuGANAY. A river in Mindanao, 
Philippine Islands. V, C3 

TM^an. = Tugeri. V, E4< 

TuGELA. A river in Natal, South 
Africa, about 300 miles long. I, 
EF8 

Twger. = Tugeri. V, E4 

Tugeri. On the coast of New 
Guinea along Torres Strait. V, 
E4 

Tuimah. = Tehennn. I, EF2,3 

T'u-jen. In the region from cen- 
tral Kuichau to W Kwangsi, 
China. II, L6 

Tukano. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon, NW Bra- 
zil. VI, CD3 

T'u Keh-lao. In SW Kuichau, Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Tukholtsi. A local name for the 
Little Russians. Ill, G-J3,4< 

Tukuarika. In Idaho. IV, J6 

Tula. = Tnlu, 2. IV, NlO 

Tulare. A lake in central Califor- 
nia. IV, H7 

Tulare. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

TuLE. A small river in central 
California. IV, H7 

T'u Liao. In S Yunnan, China. II, 
L6 

Tulomo. Formerly on San Fran- 
cisco Bay, California. IV, H7 

Tulu. (1) On the Malabar coast 
(lat. 13°N), S India. II, 17. 
(2) In Panama. IV, NlO 

Tulumayu. On the Huallaga, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Tulumono. = Tviiovao. IV, H7 

Tuma. A small island ten miles 
NW of the Trobriand Islands, 
Melanesia. V, F4 



Tumale 



MS 



Tumale. In the S part of Kordo- 
fan, Africa. I, EF4 

T'u-man. In SE Kuichau, China. 
II, L6 

Tumanaha. In SE Bolivia. VI, D 
E5 

Tuinbira. On the Yapura and the 
Putumayo, tributaries of the 
Amazon. VI, CD3 

Tumbuka. = Tamhn]s.a. I, F5 

Tumet. In the SE part of Mon- 
golia. II, LM4 

Tumidok. In central California. 
IV, H7 

Tummok. On the Shari River, SE 
of Lake Chad, Africa. I, D4 

TuMuc HuMAC. Mountains be- 
tvreen French and Dutch Gui- 
ana and Brazil. VI, E2 

Tumun. In the central part of 
California. IV, H7 

Tunacho. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Tuneho. E of Bogota, the capital 
of Colombia. VI, C2 

Tung. In N Kwangtung, China. 
II, M6 

Tungans. In Zungaria, Asia. II, 
J4 

T'ung-jen. In SW Hunan, and in 
Kvp-angsi, China. II, LM6 

Tungthus. In Tenasserim, Burma. 
II, K7 

Tungus. A collective name for 
tribes inhabiting E Siberia from 
the Yenisei to the Pacific Ocean, 
and from the Yakut domain to 
the N border of Mongolia; of 
which the principal ones are 
Chapogir, Goldi, Lamut, Man- 
chu, Manyarg, Oroche, Oro- 
chon, and Solon. II, K— T2,3 

Tungusians. = TvLngvis. II, K— T2,3 

TuNGUSKA, Upper and Lower and 
Stony. Tributaries of the Yeni- 
sei in NW Siberia. II, J-L2,3 

Tunica. A tribe, forming a dis- 
tinct linguistic family known as 



Tonikan, formerly dwelling on 
the lower Mississippi. See Toni- 
ka. IV, LM8 

Tunis. A French protectorate in 
N Africa; 50,000 sq.mi. I, C 
D2 

Tunixka. = Tomka. IV, LM8 

TuNjA. The capital of Boyaca, 
Colombia. VI, C2 

TwraJMr. = Tynjur. I, E4 

Tunka. Near Lake Baikal, Si- 
beria. II, LM3 

Tununirmiut. A subdivision of the 
Aggomiut. IV, MN2 

Tununirusirmiut. A subdivision of 
the Aggomiut. IV, MN2 

Tupajaro. A subdivision of the 
Tupi. VI, F3 

Tupe. In Santa Marta province, 
Colombia. VI, Cl 

Tupi. (1) In NE Brazil. VI, F3. 
(2) A collective name for tribes 
spread over the extensive re- 
gion from the Amazon to the 
mouth of the Rio de la Plata, 
and from the Atlantic Ocean to 
the foot of the Andes ; of which 
the chief ones are Guarani, 1, 
Mundrucu, Omagua, and Tupi, 
1. VI, C-F3-6. (3) The term is 
also used in the same sense as 
Guarani, 2. VI, DE3-6 

Tupinamha. A powerful and nu- 
merous Brazilian tribe in for- 
mer days. VI, F3 

Tupinambarana. = Tupinamba. VI, 
F3 

Tupinikin. In the region behind 
Santos, SE Brazil. VI, F5 

Tupininquin. In SE Bahia, Bra- 
zil; now extinct. VI, G4 

Turaja. = Toradje. V, BC4 

Turanians. Peoples of Ural-Altaic 
stock; vaguely, a supposed no- 
madic people who preceded the 
Aryans in Europe and Asia. II, 
III 



249 



Tututni 



Turas. On the Madeira, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Turbet. In the W part of Mon- 
golia. II, KL4 

TMrcomon*. = Turkomans. II, G4 

Turgut. = Tar gut. II, J-L4 

Turi. On the upper Kuram, a 
tributary of the Indus, India. 
II, 15 

Turituri. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Turkana. W of Lake Rudolph, 
Uganda Protectorate. I, F5 

Turkestan. A region in central 
Asia, divided among Russia, 
China, Bokhara, Khiva, and Af- 
ghanistan. II, HI4,5 

Turkey. A country in Asia Minor 
and SE Europe; 494,638 sq.mi. 
II, E-G4,5 

Turhi. The peoples of Turki 
speech, as the Osmanli in Eu- 
rope, the Usbeg, Turkomans, 
and other Tatar tribes in Asia. 
II, III 

Turkoman. A group of tribes of 
East Turkish stock dwelling 
between the Caspian and Aral 
seas and the Amu Daria. II, 
G4 

Turks. (1) = Osmanli. II, D-F4,5. 
(2) The term "Turk" is purely 
linguistic and refers to those 
peoples who speak Turkic lan- 
guages, having no racial sense. 
The Turks may be divided into 
two groups: a W (of which the 
Osmanli of the old Ottoman Em- 
pire are the principal group), 
and an E, including many of 
the peoples of Turkestan and 
Central Asia, as far as the river 
Lena. In common parlance, 
"Turks" is used to describe 
those tribes inhabiting the re- 
gion from the upper Yenisei to 
the shore of the Caspian Sea, 
and East Turkestan, Turkey, 



and the neighborhood of the 
Lena; of which the chief ones 
are Karakalpaks, Kirghiz-Ka- 
zaks, Nogais, Osmanli, Turko- 
mans, Usbegs, and Yakuts. The 
term Tatars is now wrongly 
used as synonymous with Turks, 
but the Tatars, who belonged 
originally to the Mongols, are 
quite distinct from the Turks. 
II, F-02-5 

Turrbal. N of the Chepara tribe 
in Queensland. V, EF6 

Tururi. On the Rio Negro and 
the Madeira, Brazil. VI, D3 

Tusayan. = Hopi. IV, H7 

Tuscany. A compartimento in N 
central Italy. Ill, F4 

Tuscarora. Formerly an important 
confederation of tribes, speak- 
ing languages cognate with 
those of the Iroquoian linguis- 
tic group, and dwelling, when 
first encountered, in E North 
Carolina; later in New York. 
IV, N7; N6 

Tush. A subdivision of the Che- 
chen. Ill, J4 

Tushetu. In N Mongolia. II, K- 
M4 

Tushilange. = 'Bash.ilange. I, E6 

Tutchone. A subdivision of the 
Kutchin. IV, EF3 

Tutelo. One of the E Siouan tribes, 
formerly living in Virginia and 
North Carolina, but now ex- 
tinct. IV, N7 

TuTONG. A river in Sarawak, Bor- 
neo. V, B3 

Tutong. A subdivision of the Mi- 
lanau. V, B3 

TuTuiLA. One of the islands in 
Samoa, Polynesia. V, J5 

Tututena. = Tututni. IV, H6 

Tututni. An Athapascan tribe or 
group of small tribes along the 
lower Rogue River, Oregon. IV, 
H6 



Tutu tunne 



250 



Tutu f Mwne. = Tututni. IV, H6 
Turvarih. = Tuareg. I, C4 
Trvaka. In Nicaragua. IV, MlO 
Twana. In Washington. IV, H6 
Twan-cuiu Miao. In SE Kuichau, 

China. II, L6 
Twat. = Tu3it. I, B4 
r^/ig/i. In Oregon. IV, H6 
Tynjur. In Darfur, Africa. I, E4< 
Tyre. An ancient seaport city, the 

capital of Phoenicia. II, E5 
Tyrell, Lake. In NW Victoria. 

V, E7 
Tyrkysh. A subdivision of the Us- 

beg. II, H4,5 



Tyrol. An Alpine district in W 

Austria. Ill, F4 
Tyrrhenian Sea. A part of the 

Mediterranean Sea SW of Italy. 

Ill, F4.,5 
Tzapoteco. = Zapoteco. IV, L9 
Tzendal. In Tabasco and Chiapas, 

Mexico. IV, L9 
Tzia. = Keos. Ill, G5 
Tzia. = Sia. IV, K7 
Tziam. = Chiam. II, L7 
Tzotzil. Formerly in Chiapas, 

Mexico. IV, L9 
Tzutuhil. S of Lake Atitlan, 

Guatemala. IV, MlO 



LJ abixana. On the Rio Branco, 
N Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Uacaa. On the Rio Vermejo, Ar- 
gentina. VI, DE5 

Uacarauha. On the Jutay, a tribu- 
tary of the upper Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Uacarra. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

Uaddar. = Wodder. II, 17,8 

Uadieh. A subdivision of the Jalin. 
I, F4 

Uaenambeu. On the lower Yapura, 
a tributary of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Uainamary. On the Purus, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Uainuma. On the Putumayo and 
the Cauinari, upper branches of 
the Amazon. VI, C3 

Uaiuru. On the Rio Branco, N 
Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Uamani. On the upper Maranon 
(the upper part of the Ama- 
zon), Peru; probably extinct. 
VI, C3 

Uambisa. On the Maranon, the 
upper part of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 



Uanana. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Uaniba. Formerly on the Aniba, 
a small tributary of the middle 
Amazon (about long. 59° W). 
VI, E3 

Uapixana. On the Rio Branco, N 
Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Uaracu. A subdivision of the Ua- 
upes. VI, D2,3 

JJarapa. On the Tapajos, Brazil. 
VI, E3 

Uaraycu. On the Juruha and the 
Jutay, tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 

Uaupes. On the Uaupes (a tribu- 
tary of the Rio Negro), NW 
South America. VI, D2,3 

Uaupes River. Flowing from Co- 
lombia to the Rio Negro, Brazil. 
Also spelled Waupes. VI, CD 
2,3 

Ubangi. a large river in central 
Africa, flowing into the Congo 
at lat. 0°39'S; it forms a part 
of the boundary between French 
Equatorial Africa and the Bel- 
gian Congo. I, D5,6 

Ubangi-Shari. A colony of French 



251 



Ukraine 



Equatorial Africa N of the 
Ubangi River. I, DE5 

'Ubanji nation. On the Alima Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, T>6 

Ubene. In Uganda Protectorate, 
E Africa. I, F5 

Ubwari. Near Lake Tanganyika, 
E Africa. I, F6 

XJhych. A subdivision of the Cir- 
cassians. Ill, J4 

Ucayale. A subdivision of the 
Omagua. VI, C3 

UcAYALi. A river flowing from 
Peru, over 1,200 miles, to the 
Amazon. VI, 03,4 

Uchean Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily limited, so far as is posi- 
tively known, to a single tribe, 
the Yuchi, of Georgia. IV, N7 

C7c/iee. = Yuchi. IV, N7 

Uchitie. In the S part pf Lower 
California, Mexico. IV, J8,9 

Uchuca. Between the Tigre and 
the Pastassa, upper branches of 
the Amazon. VI, D3 

Uchumsin. In Mongolia. II, K— M4 

Udai. S of the middle Pahang 
River in the S part of the Ma- 
lay Peninsula. II, L8 

Udaipur. a district of Chota Nag- 
pur, India. II, 16 

Ude. A subdivision of the Les- 
ghians. Ill, J4 

Ud-murt. = Yotiak. Ill, HJ3 

Udom. E of the lower Niger (lat. 
7°N), W Africa. I, C5 

Udy. = yotiak. Ill, HJ3 

Udso. = Idzo. I, C6 

Uea. In Samoa, Polynesia. V, J5 

Uella. = Welle. I, E5 

Uereuena. On the Rio Isanna, an 
upper branch of the Rio Negro, 
NW Brazil. VI, D2 

Ugalakmiut. A tribe of Alaskan 
Eskimo living on the coast at 
the mouth of Copper River and 
on Kayak Island. IV, £4 



Ugalenze. A subdivision of the 
Tlinkit. IV, F4 

Uganda. A British protectorate 
in E central Africa; 223,500 
sq.mi. I, F5,6 

Ugiara. On the Maraiion, below 
the mouth of the Huallaga, an 
upper branch of the Amazon. 
VI, C3 

Ugjulirmiut. In King William 
Land and the Adelaide Penin- 
sula, N Canada. IV, L3 

Ugoranno. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Ugorians. = Ugrians. II, D— J2 

Ugrians. A collective name for 
tribes and peoples inhabiting 
the region from the Yenisei to 
the Gulf of Bothnia, and Hun- 
gary; of which the chief ones 
are Finns, Lapps, Magyars, 
Ostiaks, Samoyed, and Vogul. 
II, D-J2 

Uigur. A Turki people who once 
founded a civilized state in N 
Kashgaria, Chinese Turkestan. 
II, 14,5 

Uitoto. = Witoto. VI, C3 

Ujagua. On the Putumayo, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Ujvala. In Gujarat, a region of 
W India. II, 16 

t7A;a. = Yuka. IV, H6 

Uhamba. In Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

Ukelle. In Nigeria, W Africa. I, 
C5 

Ukerewe. An island in the SE 
corner of the Victoria Nyanza. 
I, F6 

Uhit. On the headwaters of the 
Rejang, Koti, and Kapuas riv- 
ers, Borneo. V, B3,4 

C7A;A;ia. = Workia. V, E5,6 

Ukraine. A district in SW Rus- 
sia. Ill, GH3,4 



Ukrainians 



252 



Uhramians. = Little Russians^ in 
Ukraine. Ill, GH3,4. 

Ukusiksalirmiut. At the mouth of 
the Back's River, N Canada. 
IV, L3 

Ulad. The purer (i.e., less mixed 
with Berber blood) Arabs along 
the N coast of Africa and in the 
Sahara Desert. I, A-E2,3 

Ulad Said. In Tunisia, N Africa. 
I, C2 

Ulad Soliman. N of Lake Chad, 
Africa. I, D4 

Ulawa. One of the Solomon Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, F4 

Uled Aida. In the SW part of 
Morocco. I, B2 

Uled All. In the N part of Egypt, 
W of the Nile. I, F2,3 

Uled Amur. In Algeria. I, C2 

Uled Bella. N of the Senegal Riv- 
er, W Africa. I, A4 

Uled bu Hamu. In the N part of 
the Sahara. I, BC3 

Uled bu Sebu. In the W part of 
the Sahara. I, B3,4 

Uled Daman. N of the lower Sene- 
gal River, W Africa. I, A4 

Uled Delim. In the W part of the 
Sahara. I, B2,3 

Uled el Ruisi. N of the middle 
Senegal River, W Africa, I, A4 

Uled Embark. N of the upper 
Senegal River, W Africa. I, A 
B4 

Uled en Nasur. N of the upper 
Senegal River, W Africa. I, A 
B4. 

Uled Harabi. On the N coast of 
Ben-Ghazi, Africa. I, E2 

Uled Nail. In the N part of Al- 
geria. I, C2 

Ulerbe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Ulladan. In Cochin, S India. II, 
17 

Ulster. A province in N Ireland. 
Ill, D3 



Ulu-Ayar. = \Jlu Ayer. V, B3 
Ulu Ayer. The Batang Lupars at 

the head of the river of the same 

name in Sarawak, Borneo. V, 

B3 
Ulu Kinta. In the S Malay Penin- 
sula. II, L8 
Ulun-Maanjan. In Borneo. V, B4 
Ulus. A subdivision of the Yakut. 

II, M-01,2 
Ulut. = Eleut. II, JK4, 
Ulu-Yuz. = Great Horde. II, 14 
Ulva. On the headwaters of the 

Bluefields River, Nicaragua. IV, 

MlO 
Uma Baka. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Bawang. A subdivision of 

the Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Belubu. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Ging. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Gis. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Klap. On the Rejang and 

Bulungan rivers, Borneo. V, B4 
Uma Kulit. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
C/waZe. = Tumale. I, EF4 
Uma Lekkan. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Lim. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Lisam. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Umana. = Omagua. VI, C3 
Uma Naving. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Pawa. On the Baram and 

Rejang rivers, Sarawak, Bor- 
neo. V, B3 
Uma Pliau. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Uma Poh. A subdivision of the 

Kayan. V, B3,4 
Umatilla. A Shahaptian tribe for- 
merly living on Umatilla River 



253 



Upernimk 



and the adjacent banks of the 
Columbia, in Oregon. IV, H6 

Uma Tima. On the Rejang River, 
Sarawak, Borneo. V, B3 

Umaua. A Carib tribe between the 
upper Uaupes and the Yapura, 
NW Brazil. VI, D3 

Umbaia. In North Australia ; about 
lat. 18°S, long. 136°E. V, D5 

TJmhrians. An ancient Italian peo- 
ple who lived in Umbria, an 
ancient region of central Italy. 
Ill, F4 

Umiro. N of Lake Kwania, N of 
the Victoria Nyanza, E Africa. 
I, F5 

Umkrva. = JJmpqna. IV, H6 

Umpqua. An Athapascan tribe for- 
merly settled on upper Umpqua 
River, Oregon. IV, H6 

Unakhotana. On the Yukon Riv- 
er, Alaska. IV, CD3,4. 

Unalaska. The larger of the dia- 
lectic divisions of the Aleut, 
occupying the Aleutian Islands 
W of Ataka and the extremity 
and N coast of the Alaskan 
Peninsula. IV, Al (inset) 

Unaligmiut. In Norton Sound, W 
Alaska. IV, 03,4 

Unalla. On Raffles Bay, North 
Australia. V, D5 

Unangan. Native name of the 
Aleut. IV, Al (inset) 

Uncpapa. A subdivision of the 
Teton Sioux. IV, KL6 

Uncpappa. = Uncpapa. IV, KL6 

Undi. =Warundi. I, F6 

Undop. A subdivision of the Sea 
Dyak. V, B3,4 

Ungava. a former district in E 
Canada, now in the province of 
Quebec. IV, N-P4 

Ungavamiut. On the N coast of 
Labrador. IV, P4 

Unghi. Between the Maranoa and 
the Warrego, tributaries of the 
Darling, Queensland. V, EF6 



Ungoni. In Tanganyika, E central 
Africa. I, F6 

Ungorri. On the Condamine (an 
upper branch of the Darling), 
SE Queensland. V, EF6 

Ungura. A subdivision of the Ba- 
hima. I, EF6 

Unibuesa. On the Ucayali, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
C3 

Union Group. Islands in central 
Polynesia. V, K4 

Uniot. In Mongolia. II, K-M4 

United Kingdom of Great Brit- 
ain AND Ireland. An island 
kingdom of NW Europe, com- 
posed of Great Britain (Eng- 
land, Wales, and Scotland), and 
Ireland. When in 1922, the Irish 
Free State was formed, no pro- 
vision was made for changing 
the title of the kingdom. Ill, 
D3 

United Provinces of Agra and 
OuDH. A lieutenant-governor- 
ship in N British India. II, 16 

United States of America. A 
federal republic of 48 states, 2 
territories, and the District of 
Columbia; 3,026,721 sq.mi. IV, 
G-P5-8 

Unmatjera. In North Australia; 
about lat. 22 °S, long. 134°E. 
V, D6 

Unungan. = JJnangan. IV, Al (in- 
set) 

Unyago. In SE Tanganyika. I, 
F6 

C/wT/amweM. = Wanyamwezi. I, F6 

Unyoro. In Uganda Protectorate, 
E Africa. I, F5 

Upano. In central Ecuador. VI, 
C3 

Upare. In Uganda Protectorate 
and Tanganyika. I, F5,6 

Upataninaba. A subdivision of the 
Pirro. VI, C4 

Upernivik. The most N Danish 



Upolu 



254 



settlement in Greenland, on the 
W coast. IV, R2 

Upolu. An island of Samoa, Poly- 
nesia. V, J 5 

Upper Congo. The part of the 
Congo in E Belgian Congo. I, 
E6 

Upper Egypt. The Nile Valley 
between lats. 30° and 22° N. 
I, F3 

Upper Senegal and Niger. A 
colony in French West Africa. 
I, B4 

Upper Welle District. In the 
valley of the upper Welle, a 
branch of the Congo. I, E5 

Upsala. a city in Sweden, 41 
miles N of Stockholm. Ill, F3 

Upsaroha. = Crow. IV, JK6 

Ur. a city and district of ancient 
Babylonia, probably about 135 
miles SE of Babylon. II, F5 

Urabunna. N and W of Lake 
Eyre, South Australia. V, D6 

Ural. (1) A river between Eu- 
rope and Asia (in Russia), 1,- 
300 miles long, flowing into the 
Caspian Sea. Ill, KL3,4. (2) 
Mountains. In Russia, from 
the Arctic Ocean to Orenburg. 
Ill, KL2,3 

Urali Nayar. A subdivision of the 
Nayar. II, 17 

Urarina. On the Pastassa, an up- 
per branch of the Amazon. VI, 
D3 

Urdu. In North-West Provinces, 
India. II, 15,6 

Urewera. A subdivision of the 
Maori, New Zealand. V, H7,8 

Urga. a town in N Mongolia. II, 
L4 

Urianhai.=\Jviankhai. II, KL4< 

Uriankhai. In NW Mongolia ; = 
Tuba. II, KL4 

Uriya. In Orissa and Chota-Nag- 
pur, India. II, IJ6 



Urmar. N of the middle Gomal, a 
tributary of the Indus, India. 

II, 15 

C7ro. = Puquina. VI, CD4 

C7rfa-rM0. = Middle Horde. II, H 
13 

Uru. An uncultured fishing peo- 
ple on Lake Titicaca, Peru, and 
the streams that enter it. VI, C 
D4 

Urubamba. In central Brazil. VI, 
E3 

Urubamba River. In S Peru. VI, 
C4 

Urubatinga. On the S side of the 
Amazon, below the mouth of 
the Madeira. VI, E3 

Urube. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Urubu. On the Jutay, a tributary 
of the upper Amazon. VI, D3 

Uruguay. (1) A republic in South 
America, S of Brazil; 72,153 
sq.mi. VI, E6. (2) A river in 
South America (chiefly in Bra- 
zil), flowing 931 miles to the 
Plata River. VI, E5,6 

Urut. In S Mongolia, N of the 
Kwang-ho. II, LM4 

UsAMBARA Hills, Mountains in 
NE Tanganyika. I, F6 

Usbeg. W and E of the Amu 
Daria, Bokhara and Russian 
Central Asia. II, H4,5 

C7*6e^. = Usbeg. II, H4,5 

Ushtarana. On the W side of the 
middle Indus (lat. 31 °N), In- 
dia. II, 15 

UskoJe. In Dalamatia, Jugo-slavia. 

III, F4 

Usove. In Tanganyika, E central 

Africa. I, F6 
Uspanteca. On the Rio Negro, 

Guatemala. IV, MlO 
Ustoma. On the left bank of the 

Sacramento River, California. 

IV, H7 



255 



Van Diemen's Land 



Usumhwa. In Tanganyika, E cen- 
tral Africa. I, F6 

Usun. In the Tien Shan, a moun- 
tain range in Russian and Chi- 
nese Turkestan. II, IJ4 

Uta. An inland village in the New 
Hebrides, Melanesia, V, G5 

Utah. A state in W United States. 

IV, J6,7 

Utah. = Ute. IV, JK6,7 
Utanata River. In New Guinea. 

V, DE4 

Utchee. = Yuchi. IV, N7 

Utchium. N of San Francisco Bay, 
California. IV, H7 

Ute. An important Shoshonean 
division, related linguistically 
to the Paiute, Chemehuevi, Ka- 
waiisu, and Bannock; in Colo- 
rado and Utah. IV, JK6,7 



Utiri. Forests in W Uganda. I, 
F5 

Utman Khel. In the country SW 
of the junction of the Swat and 
the Panjkora, tributaries of the 
Indus, India. II, 15 

Uttamussack. a village on the 
Pamunkey River, E Virginia. 
IV, N7 

Uvea. One of the Loyalty Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, G6 

Uyanga. In Nigeria, W Africa. I, 
C5 

Uyapa. On the Arinos, a tribu- 
tary of the Tapajos, Brazil. VI, 
E4 

Uygur. A subdivision of the Us- 
beg. II, H4.,5 

Uzheg. = \]sheg. II, H4,5 

J7s6eA;. = Usbeg. II, H4,5 



Vaal. a river in South Africa, 
flowing from SE Transvaal 700 
miles to the Orange River. I, 
E8 

Vaalpens. In the N Transvaal, 
South Africa. I, E8 

Vabingisso. A subdivision of the 
Akka. I, E5 

Vaddah. = Veddah. II, IJ8 

Vadugan. = 'Badaga. II, 17 

Fm. = Vei. I, AB5 

Vaida. = yeddah. II, US 

Vaiyamara. On the Rio Branco, 
N Brazil. VI, D2 

Vahinankaratra. In central Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

Vakioko. On the Kwango, a tribu- 
tary of the Kassai, Africa. I, 
D6,7 

FaZac/imns. = Rumanians. Ill, G4 

Valan. In Cochin, S India. II, 17 

Valdivia. a province in central 
Chile. VI, C6,7 

Valencia. (1) An old kingdom in 



E Spain. Ill, D4,5. (2) A 
province and city in E Spain. 
Ill, D4,5 

Valiente. In Costa Rica. IV, MN 
10 

Valladolid. a province in N cen- 
tral Spain. Ill, D4 

Van. (1) a vilayet in Turkestan. 
II, F5. (2) Lake. A salt lake 
in E Asia Minor. II, F5 

Vancouver Island. W of British 
Columbia, Canada. IV, GH5 

Vandals. A Teutonic people who 
first appeared in Germany, aft- 
erward invaded Gaul, Spain, 
N Africa, and took Rome. Ill, 
D-F3-5 

Vandamene. = Varopen. V, D4 

Vandau. In Portuguese East Af- 
rica. I, F7,8 

Van Diemen Gulf. A bay on the 
northern coast of North Aus- 
tralia. V, D5 

Van Diemen's Land. The former 



Vanikoro 



256 



name of Tasmania, Australia. 

V, E8 
Vanikoro. An island in Mela- 
nesia. V, G5 
J^anniar. = P alii. II, 17 
Vanniyan. = 'Pal\i. II, 17 
Vans. Natives of the district in 

Asia Minor around Lake Van. 

II, F6 
Vanua Levu. An island of the 

Fiji group, Melanesia. V, H5 
Vaquero. A subdivision of the 

Apache. IV, JK7 
Far open. On Geelvink Bay, and 

in the islands lying within it; 

Dutch New Guinea. V, 04 
Vascone. An ancient people who 

inhabited NE Spain. Ill, DE4 
Vattahhad Nayar. A subdivision 

of the Nayar. II, 17 
Vaura. (1) On the S shore of the 

Albert Nyanza, central Africa. 

I, EF5. (2) An Arawak tribe 

on the Xingu River, Brazil. VI, 

E3 
Vaya.=YajvL. II, J6 
Vayamano. On the Paragua, a 

tributary of the lower Orinoco, 

Venezuela. VI, D2 
Vayu. = Yayu. II, J 6 
FaszTO^o. = Bazimba. I, G7,8 
Vedau. In Cochin, S India. II, I7 
Vedda. = Yeddah. II, IJ8 
Veddah. In Ceylon. II, US 
Vei. On the SW coast of Liberia, 

W Africa. I, AB5 
Veii. Inhabitants of a city of the 

same name in Etruria, ancient 

Italy. Ill, F4 
Vejoso. On the Rio Vermejo, N 

Argentina. VI, DE5 
Velala. In the Gran Chaco, South 

America. VI, D4,5 
FeZeZa. = Velala. VI, D4i,5 
Vellala. An agricultural caste in 

Malabar, S India. II, 17 
Venetia. a compartimento in NE 

Italy. Ill, F4 



Venezuela. A republic in N 
South America; 398,594 sq.mi. 
VI, CD1,2 

Ventuari. a tributary of the Ori- 
noco in SE Venezuela. VI, C2 

Vera Cruz. A state in SE Mex- 
ico. IV, L9 

Verata. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Verde. (1) Cape. The extreme W 
cape of Africa, in Senegal, NW 
Africa. I, A4. (2) Rio. A tribu- 
tary of the Gila, Arizona. IV, 
J7 

Verholensh. Near Lake Baikal, 
Siberia. II, LM3 

Vermejo. A river, a tributary of 
the Parana, in N Argentina. 
VI, DE5 

Vermont. A state in NE United 
States. IV, 06 

Vezo. In SW Madagascar. I, G8 

Viatka. The Russian name for the 
Votiak. Ill, JK3 

VicHADA. An upper branch of the 
Orinoco, Colombia. VI, CD2 

Vicol. = Bicol. V, C2,3 

Victoria. (1) A state in SE Aus- 
tralia. V, E7. (2) Falls. In the 
Zambesi River, Rhodesia, about 
350 feet. I, E7. (3) Nyanza. 
A lake in E central Africa, 
about 26,000 sq.mi. ; the largest 
lake in Africa. I, F5,6 

Vielhorousses. = Great Russians. 
Ill, HJ3 

Vienna. A city on the Danube 
River, the capital of Austria; 
in German, Wien. Ill, F4 

Vilaane. = Bilane. V, C3 

Vilane. = Bilane. V, C3 

Vilela. = Ve\ala. VI, D4,5 

Villi. In S India. II, 17 

Vindhya. Hills in central India. 
11,16 

Virginia. A state in E United 
States. IV, N07 



257 



Waasi 



Virgin Islands. In the Leeward 
Group, West Indies. IV, NlO 
(inset) 

Visaya. = Bisaya. V, C2 

VisAYAN Islands. A group in the 
central Philippine Islands; also 
called Bisayas. V, C2 

Vistula. A river, flowing from 
the Carpathian Mountains 652 
miles to the Baltic Sea. Ill, F 
G3,4 

ViTi Levu. The largest of the 
Fiji Islands, Melanesia. V, H5 

VizAGAPATAM. A district in the 
Madras Presidency, S India. 
11,17 

VizcAYA. A province in N Spain. 
Ill, D4 

Vlach. Nomad Rumanians; see 
Rumanians. Ill, G4 

Vod. A subdivision of the Finns 
in SE Finland. Ill, GH2 

Foc?c?a. = Wodder. II, 17,8 

Voguls. Between the middle Obi 
and the Ural Mountains. II, H 
2,3 

Vohitrosa. In SE Madagascar. I, 
E8 

Volga. A river in Russia, 2,300 
miles long, flowing into the 
Caspian Sea. Ill, JK3,4< 

Volman. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

FoZo/. = Wolof. I, A4. 

Vologda. A government in N cen- 
tral Russia. Ill, HJ2,3 

VoLTA. A river 670 miles long, in 
the Gold Coast, W Africa ; part- 
ly the Togo boundary. I, BC5 



Vonizongo. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

Vonum. In the mountainous region 
of central Formosa, and between 
the Ataiyal, Tso-o, and Amis 
tribes. II, N6 

Vorimo. On the E coast of Mada- 
gascar. I, G7,8 

Voromahery. In central Madagas- 
car. I, G7,8 

VosGES. Mountains in S central 
France. Ill, E4 

Voshu. The Momfu name for the 
Akka. I, E5 

Votiak. In the government of 
Vyatka, Russia. Ill, JK3 

Votyak. = Yotiak. Ill, JK3 

FoMofowa. = Batwa. I, DE4,5 

Voyavai. On the Rio Branco, N 
Brazil. VI, D2,3 

Vraca. a village near the shore of 
Lake Scutari, Albania. Ill, F4 

Vudd. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

VuGA. A former native kingdom 
in British East Africa. I, F5,6 

Vulture Indians. = lJmhn. VI, D3 

Vuntakutchin. A Kutchin tribe, 
now greatly modified by contact 
with the whites, occupying the 
country N of the Porcupine 
River, Alaska, as far as the 
Eskimo territory on the Arctic 
coast. IV, E3 

Vura. A subdivision of the Fijians. 
V, H5 

Vuta-Huilliche. On the S coast of 
Chile. VI, C8 

Vyatka. A government in E Rus- 
sia. Ill, JK3 



rra. In the E part of Upper 

Burma. II, K6 
Waagai. In North Australia ; about 

lat. 21°S, long. 136°E. V, D6 



Waaih. A subdivision of the Co- 
manche. IV, KL7 

Waasi. The Wasambara name for 
the Wandorobbo. I, F6 



Wahanaki 



258 



Wabanaki. = Ahna]i.i. IV, 0P6 
Wabash. A river in Indiana. IV, 

M6 
Wahemhe. On the NW shore of 

Lake Tanganyika, E Africa. I, 

E6 
Wahena. N of Lake Nyasa, Africa. 

I, F6,7 

Wabende. In Tanganyika. I, F6 
Waber. An extinct tribe in Arabia. 

II, EF6 

^ofeisa. = Babisa. I, F7 

Wabondei. On the SE coast of 
Kenya, E Africa. I, FG6 

Waboni. In the vicinity of Tana 
River, in the SE part of Kenya, 
E Africa. I, FG6 

Wabuma. Near the mouth of the 
Kassai, a tributary of the 
Congo. I, D6 

Wabunga. In Kenya, E Africa. I, 
F5,6 

Wabuno. A branch of the Ba- 
kongo on the lower Congo. I, 
D6 

Wacace. Native name of the 
Osage. IV, L7 

?Faca^o. = Wachaga. I, F6 

Waccamaw. One of the small 
tribes formerly dvrelling on the 
Lower Pedee and its branches 
in South Carolina and the ad- 
jacent borders of North Caro- 
lina. IV, N7 

Wachaga. = Chagga. I, F6 

Wachagga. = Chagga. I, F6 

Waco. One of the divisions of the 
Tawakoni, near Waco, Texas. 
IV, L8 

Wadahalo. = Waboni. I, FGS 

Wadai. a sultanate in N French 
Equatorial Africa, between Dar- 
fur and Bagirmi. I, DE4 

Wadder. = Wodder. II, 17,8 

Wadidikimo. In the E part of 
Tanganyika, opposite Zanzibar, 
E Africa. I, F6 



Wadigo. On the SE coast of Ken- 
ya, E Africa. I, FG6 

Wadirigo. In the E part of Tan- 
ganyika, E Africa. I, F6 

Wadoa. E of Lake Tanganyika, 
Africa. I, F6 

Wadonde. = Wandonde. I, F6 

Waduman. In North Australia. V, 
D5 

Waduruma. In the SE part of 
Kenya, E Africa. I, FG6 

Wafipa. On the SE shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, E Africa. I, F6 

Waga. In Adamawa, a region in 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

?Fagawc?o. = Baganda. I, F5 

Wagawaga. In SE British New 
Guinea. V, E4 

Wagegeya. On the E shore of the 
Victoria Nyanza, Africa. I, F6 

Wageia. In Tanganyika ; = Wage- 
geya .? I, F6 

Waggumbura. On the upper Bur- 
nett River, SE Queensland. V, 
EF6 

Wagifa. In the D'Entrecasteaux 
Islands, Melanesia. V, F4 

Wagindo. = Wangindo. I, F6 

Wagiryama. On the SE coast of 
British East Africa. I, FG6 

Wagogo. In the central part of 
Tanganyika, E Africa. I, F6 

Wagoma. On the W shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. I, E6 

Wagubba. On the W shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. I, E6 

Waguha. On the W shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. I, E6 

Waguhha. = 'Wagaha.. I, E6 

Wagunda. E of Lake Tanganyika, 
Africa. I, F6 

Wagrveno. SE of Kilimanjaro, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Wahabi. In central Arabia; about 
lat. 24°N, long. 4.5°E. II, F6 

Wahaby.^VVahabi. II, F6 

Wahehe. NE of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica; also called Masitu. I, F6,7 



259 



Wakelhura 



Waheia. - The (Bantu) Kavirondo. 
I, F5,6 

Wahenga, or Wahenge. = Mahenge. 
I, F6,7 

Wahha. On the NE shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. 1, F6 

Wahhabee. = Wahahi. II, F6 

Wahiau. = Waiyau. I, F7 

TFo/ima. = Bahima. I, F5,6 

WahJciakum. A Chinookan tribe 
formerly living on the N bank 
of the Columbia River, Wash- 
ington, near its mouth. IV, H6 

Wahpekute. One of the seven pri- 
mary divisions of the Dakota; 
in Minnesota. IV, L6 

Wahpeton. One of the seven pri- 
mary divisions of the Dakota; 
in Minnesota. IV, L6 

Wahsash. A variant of the native 
name (Wacace) of the Osage. 

IV, L7 

Wahtohtane. = Otoe. IV, KL6,7 
Wahuma. = Bahima. I, F5,6 
Wahumha. In the E part of Tan- 
ganyika, E Africa. I, F6 
^a^M^M. = Bahutu. I, F6 
Waicuru. In S Lower California, 

Mexico. IV, J8,9 
Waiilatpu. = Cayuse. IV, H6 
Waiilatpuan Family. A linguistic 
family composed of two divi- 
sions: the Cayuse and the Mo- 
lala; in Oregon and Washing- 
ton. IV, H6 
Waijobe. A subdivision of the Fu- 

lah. I, B-E4<,6 
Waikato. A subdivision of the 

Maori. V, H7,8 
Waikenmuk. In N California. IV, 

H6 
Waikosel. In N California. IV, H6 
Waiky-Waiky. In NW Victoria. 

V, E7 

Wailaki. An Athapascan tribe or 
group of many villages in N 
California. IV, H6 

WailakkL = YJa\\si\i. IV, H6 



Wailaksel. In N California. IV, 
H6 

Wailube. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Waimare. Near the source of the 
Paraguay River, S central Bra- 
zil. VI, E4 

Wa-imbio. In New South Wales. 
V, E7 

Waini. a river in British Guiana, 
South America. VI, E2 

Waito. On Lake Tana, Abyssinia. 
I, F4 

Waiyau. = Wajao. I, F7 

Wajagga. In the Kilimanjaro dis- 
trict, E Africa. I, F6 

Wajibana. Near Mombasa, Kenya, 
E Africa. I, F6 

Wajiji. On the NE shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. I, F6 

Waju. In the SW part of Cele- 
bes. V, B4 

Wakaguru. S of Kilimanjaro, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Wakahe. On the upper Rufu River 
in the NE part of Tanganyika, 
E Africa. I, F6 

Wakamba. S of the upper Tana 
River in the SE part of British 
East Africa. I, FG6 

Wakara. On the SE shore of the 
Victoria Nyanza, Africa. I, F6 

Wakarra. = Wakara. I, F6 

JVakash. On the Nootka Sound of 
the E coast of Vancouver Is- 
land, British Columbia. IV, G 
H5 

Wakashan Family. A linguistic 
family occupying the W coast 
of British Columbia between 
lats. 64° and 50°30'N, the N 
and W parts of Vancouver Is- 
land, and the extreme NW cor- 
ner of Washington nearly to 
lat. 48 °N. IV, GH5 

Wakavirondo. = Kavirondo. I, F5,6 

Wakedi. = Lango. I, F5 

Wakelbura. On the upper Bel- 



Wakerewe 



260 



yando River, E Queensland. V, 
EF6 

Wakerewe. On the island of Uke- 
rewe in the SE corner of Vic- 
toria Nyanza, Africa. I, F6 

Wahhi. On the N slope of the 
Hindu Kush, Afghanistan, 11, 
15 

Wahhutu. On the coast of Tan- 
ganyika, opposite Zanzibar, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Wahiakum. A subdivision of the 
Chinook. IV, H6 

WaJciJcuyu. Near Mount Kenya, 
E of the Victoria Nyanza, Af- 
rica. I, F5,6 

Wakimbu. E of Lake Tanganyika, 
Africa; long. 34.°E. I, F6 

Wakonde. = Makonde. I, F6,7 

JFaA;OKJo. = Bakonjo. I, EF5,6 

Wakovi. N of the Albert Edward 
Nyanza, central Africa. I, EF5 

Wakpacoota. A subdivision of the 
Santee. IV, L6 

W akuaf,. = Y^akvf awi. I, FG5,6 

Wakuri. On the N shore of the 
Victoria Nyanza, Africa. I, F5 

Wakussu.=^^ak\xss. I, E6 

Wakuti. On the lower Lomami, a 
tributary of the Congo. I, E6 

?FaA;«)a^. = Wakwavi. I, FG5,6 

Wakwanga. S of the great curve 
of the Congo, just on the Equa- 
tor. I, DE5,6 

Wakwavi. The name given by the 
Suahili traders to the agricul- 
tural people of the Masai. I, 
FG5,6 

Walakumni. In central California, 
IV, H7 

Walapai. A Yuman tribe found 
chiefly along the Colorado Riv- 
er, Arizona. IV, J7 

Walegi. = "Waka.ra.. I, F6 

Wales. A principality in SW 
Great Britain, W of England, 
III, D3 

Walfisch Bay, A district on the 



W coast of Southwest Africa, I, 
D8 
Walhalla.^Gnalala. IV, H7 
Walimi. = Waniaturu. I, F6 
Walki. Between the Margaret and 
Ord rivers. Western Australia. 
V, G5 
Wallachians. = Rumanians. Ill, G4 
Wallapai. In the American South- 
west. IV, JK7 
Wallawalla. A Shahaptian tribe in 
Washington and Oregon. IV, 
H6 
Walla Walla. = WallawaUa. IV, H6 
/^aZZe**z. = Balesse. I, EF5 
Wallons.= Walloons. Ill, E3,4 
Walloons. In S Belgium and the 
adjacent parts of France. Ill, 
E3,4 
?FoZoZo. = Angulu. I, F7 
Walpari. In North Australia; 
about lat. 20°S, long. 132°E. 
V, D5 
Walpi. One of the six villages of 
the Hopi in NE Arizona. IV, J7 
Wa'makonde. = Makonde. I, F6,7 
Wamatumbi. In Tanganyika, E 

Africa. I, F6 
Wambaide. A subdivision of the 

Fulah. I, B-E4,5 
W amba-wamba. Between the Lod- 
don and the Campaspe, tribu- 
taries of the Murray, Victoria. 
V, E7 
Wambe. Near Mount Kenya, E 
of the Victoria Nyanza, Africa. 
I, F5,6 
^am&Mfea. = Bambuba. I, E5 
Wambugu. At the foot of the 
Usambara hills in the NE part 
of Tanganyika, E Africa. I, F6 
Wambutti. = ^amb\\.tG.. I, E5 
Wamegi. In Uganda Protectorate. 

I, F5 
Wamerima. In the E part of Tan- 
ganyika, E Africa. I, F6 
Wameru. In the Kilimanjaro dis- 
trict, E Africa. I, F6 



261 

Wamia. = Elgumi. I, F5 

Wampanoag. One of the principal 
tribes of New England; in 
Rhode Island and Massachu- 
setts. IV, 06 

Wamsansi. = 'WsiSSiQ.s\. 1, E6 

Wamuera. In SE Tanganyika, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Wandala. = M.anA.SiVdi. 1, D4 

Wandamha. In Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

Wandonde. S of the Rufiji River, 
Tanganyika. I, F6 

Wandorohho. A name for outcast 
hunters living in the region 
lying between Kilimanjaro and 
the Equator, Africa. I, F6 

Wandoroho. = Wandorobbo. I, F6 

Wandot.=^Yfj8indioi. IV, N6 

Wanduhura. Between the head of 
Broad Sound and Shoalwater 
Bay, E Queensland. V, EF6 

Wanena. Near Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Wanfumu. S of the lower Kassai, 
a tributary of the Congo. I, D6 

Wangata. On the Congo, just S 
of the Equator. I, D6 

Wangindo. S of the Rufiji River 
in the SE part of Tanganyika, 
E Africa. I, F6 

Wangomwia. Near the Wagogo, 
Tanganyika, E Africa. I, F6 

Wangonde. In Nyasaland, Africa. 
I, F7 

Wangongo. = Bangongo. I, D6 

Wango River. In San Cristoval, 
Solomon Islands, Melanesia. V, 
F4 

Waniaturu. In Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

Wanika. On the SE coast of Ken- 
ya, E Africa. I, FG6 

Wanindi. NE of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F6,7 

^arejaTO&o. = Bahutu. I, F6 

Wankonde. = Makonde. I, F6,7 

Wanmung-Wanmungkur. Near 



W aranawoTikong 

Lake Hindmarsh, NW Victoria. 
V, E7 
Wanya. In the neighborhood of 

the Tibbu in Africa. I, D4 
Wanyamho. = 'Bahutn. I, F6 
Wanyambungi. On the W shore of 
Lake Kivu, N of Lake Tan- 
ganyika, Africa. I, E6 
Wanyamwezi. E of Lake Tan- 
ganyika, and S of the Victoria 
Nyanza, Africa. I, F6 
Wanyanga. =Wsinja. I, D4 
Wanyassa. = Manganja. I, F7 
Wanyaturu. = Watatnvn. I, F6 
Wanyika. = Wamka. I, FG6 
Wanyoro. = 'Banjoro. I, F5 
Wapanga. = Wanena. I, F7 
Wapare. SE of Kilimanjaro, E 

Africa. I, F6 
Wapiana. In British Guiana, 

South America. VI, E2 
Wapisiana. ^Wa^iana. VI, E2 
Wapogoro. In Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 
Wapokomo. On the lower Tana 
River in the SE part of Kenya, 
E Africa. I, FG6 
Wapororo. = Bahutu. I, F6 
Wappinger. A confederacy of Al- 
gonquian tribes, formerly oc- 
cupying the E bank of the 
Hudson River and the country 
extending E beyond the Con- 
necticut River, Connecticut. IV, 
06 
Wapumni. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 
Warabai. Near Mombasa, Kenya, 

I, F6 
Warahul. S of the Fitzroy River, 

E Queensland. V, EF6 
Warabura. S of the lower Fitzroy 
River, E Queensland. V, EF6 
W aranawonkong. An important 
tribe of the Munsee, on the W 
bank of the Hudson, New York. 
IV, 06 



Waranbura 



262 



Waranbura. On the E coast of 

Queensland, about lat. 22°-23° 

S. V, EF6 
Warhaa. On the SE coast of 

Queensland. V, F6 
Warburton. a river in South 

Australia. V, D6 
Wardha. A subdivision of the 

Gond. II, IJ6 
W ardy-Y alloch. N of Lake Ko- 

rangamite, S Victoria. V, E7 
Waregga. Between the upper 

Congo and the Albert Edward 

Nyanza, Africa. I, E6 
Wari. In the Niger delta, W Af- 
rica. I, C5 
Waribe. Near Mombasa, Kenya, 

E Africa. I, F6 
Warimi. SE of the Victoria Ny- 

anza, Africa; lat. 4°S. I, F6 
Waringa. S of the great curve of 

the Congo, just on the Equator. 

I, DE5,6 
W aring-illam-baluh. On the upper 

Goulburn, a tributary of the 

upper Murray, central Victoria, 

V, E7 
Warori. N of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F6 
Warow.=Warra\i. VI, D2 
Warra'i. In North Australia. V, 

D5 
Warramunga. In North Australia; 

about lat. 19°S, long. 134.°E. 

V, D5 
Warrangoo. In Western Australia. 

V, BC6,7 
Warrau. The English name of the 

Guarauno. VI, D2 
Warrego. a tributary of the Dar- 
ling in New South Wales. V, E7 
Warrior Island. In Torres Strait. 

V, E5 
Warrnambul. In W Victoria. V, E7 
War sin gall. E of Berbera, a town 

of Somaliland, E Africa. I, G 

4,5 



Warua. The E branch of the Ba- 
luba, in S Belgian Congo. I, E6 

Waruanda. W of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F5,6 

7FarMm6i. = Barumbe. I, DE5 

Warundi. On the NE shore of 
Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, F6 

JFarMJi^M. = Balungu. I, F6 

Waruri. SE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F6 

Warrvaren. A subdivision of the 
Imghad. I, C3,4 

Warwickshire. A county in cen- 
tral England. Ill, D3 

Wasagara. In the central part of 
Tanganyika, E Africa. I, F6 

Wasambara. N of the Rufu River 
in the NE part of Tanganyika, 
E Africa. I, F6 

Wasambwa. S of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F6 

Wasamia. = Wasa.nia. I, FG6 

Wasango. = Warori. I, F6 

Wasania. On the Tana River in 
the SE part of Kenya, E Af- 
rica. I, FG6 

Wasansi. On the NW shore of 
Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, E6 

WascTiambaa. = Wasambara. I, F6 

Wasco. A Chinookan tribe for- 
merly living on the S side of 
the Columbia River, in the 
neighborhood of The Dalles, 
Oregon. IV, H6 

Wasegua. On the coast of Tan- 
ganyika, opposite Zanzibar, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Waseguha. = Wasegua. I, F6 

Washaki. Formerly in W Wyo- 
ming and E Idaho. IV, J6 

Washamba. Native name of the 
Wasambara. I, F6 

Washambaa. = Washamba. I, F6 

Washano. = Washaki. IV, J6 

Washashi. In Uganda. I, F5 

Washington. A state in NW 
United States. IV, GH5,6 



263 



Waxhaw 



Washo. A small tribe in W central 
Nevada. IV, H6,7 

Wasoga. = 'Basogei. 1, F5 

Wasoki. N of the Albert Edward 
Nyanza, central Africa. I, EF5 

Wasongora Mino. N of Lake Tan- 
ganyika, Africa. I, EF6 

Wasove. = Wasoga. I, F5 

Wassamhi. On the Lualaba (lat. 
9°S), the upper part of the 
Congo. I, E6 

Wassandaui. = Sandawe. I, F6 

Wassangu. A roving plundering 
tribe in S Tanganyika, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

Wassaw. A Tshi-speaking people 
on the Gold Coast, W Africa. 
I, B5 

Wassiha. In Uganda ; = Bayiba ? I, 
F5 

Wassindja. In Uganda. I, F6 

Wassuhuma. = Basukuma. I, F6 

Wasui. Between Lake Tangan- 
yika and the Victoria Nyanza. 
I, F6 

Wasuhuma. = Basukuma. I, F6 

Waswahili. = SxLah.\\i. I, FG6 

Wata. (l) = Waboni. I, FG6. (2) 
= Waito. VI, F4 

Wataturu. SE of the Victoria Ny- 
anza, Africa. I, F6 

Wataveita. = Y^ata\e.tai. I, F6 

Wataveta. SE of Kilimanjaro, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Wataweta. = Wataveta. I, F6 

Watchandi. On the Murchison 
River, Western Australia. V, B6 

Wateita. E of Kilimanjaro, E Af- 
rica. I, F6 

Wateree. One of the early tribes 
of the Carolinas, probably Siou- 
an. IV, N7 

Watheraka. = Atharaka. I, F6 

Wathi-wathi. On the middle Mur- 
ray, and SE of the Weki-weki 
tribe, Victoria. V, E7 

Watlala. A subdivision of the Chi- 



nookan family along the Co- 
lumbia River, Oregon. IV, H6 

Watling Island. The island offi- 
cially called San Salvador, q.v. 
IV, 08 

Watonga. = 'Ba\.6ka. I, E7 

Watota. = Otoe. IV, KL6,7 

Wattasoon. = M.attasoon. IV, K6 

Watthungk. In E New South 
Wales. V, EF7 

Watty-Watty. At the junction of 
the Murray and the Loddon, 
NW Victoria. V, E7 

?Faf Ma. = Watwa. I, G6 

Watusi. S of the Victoria Nyanza, 
Africa. I, F6 

Watuta. A group of Angoni who 
migrated as far N as the Vic- 
toria Nyanza ; = Mazitu. I, F6,7 

Watutrva. On the SE shore of the 
Victoria Nyanza. I, F6 

Watwa. (1) Between the Juba and 
Tana rivers, Kenya, E Africa. 
I, G6. (2) = Batwa. I, DE4,5 

Wauluhe. A subdivision of the Fu- 
lah. I, B-E4,5 

Wavinza. (1) On the E shore of 
Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, E 
6. (2) S of the great curve of 
the Congo, Africa. I, DE5 

Wamra. On the NW shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. I, E6 

Warvamba. Near the Albert Ed- 
ward Nyanza, central Africa. 
I, EF5,6 

Wawanga. In Uganda Protector- 
ate. I, F5 

Wawat. An ancient tribe of Ethi- 
opians from Arabia, in Eritrea, 
NE Africa. I, FG4 

Wawayana. On the Beni, a tribu- 
tary of the Madeira, N Bolivia. 
VI, D4 

Warvemba. W of Lake Nyasa, Af- 
rica. I, F7 

Wawendi. On the SE shore of 
Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, F6 

Waxliaw. A small Siouan tribe of 



Wayanzi 

North and South Carolina. IV, 
N7 

Wayanzi. E of Lake Tanganyika, 
Africa. I, F6 

Wayao. E of Lake Nyasa, in Mo- 
zambique, E Africa. I, F7 

7'Fa^ei^e. = Wajiji. I, F6 

Wayungu. On the NE shore of 
Lake Tanganyika, Africa. I, F6 

Wazaramo. Near the coast of Tan- 
ganyika, opposite Zanzibar, E 
Africa. I, F6 

Wazeguha, or Wazeguha. = Wase- 
gua. I, F6 

Wazige. On the NW shore of Lake 
Tanganyika, Africa. I, E6 

Wazinja. On the SW shore of the 
Victoria Nyanza, Africa. I, F6 

Wazir. Between the middle Gomal 
and the Kuram, tributaries of 
the middle Indus, India. II, 15 

Waziristan. a mountain tract in 
SW North-West Frontier Prov- 
ince, India. II, I5 

Wea. A subtribe of the Miami in 
Wisconsin. IV, M6 

Weho. In Liberia, W Africa. I, A 
B5 

Wecquaesgeeh. An important tribe 
of the Wappinger confederacy 
in W Connecticut and SE New 
York. IV, 06 

Wedau. In British New Guinea. 
V, E4 

Wedda. = Y&Mah, II, IJ8 

WeedooTcarry. On the Shaw River, 
Western Australia. V, B6 

Weereitch-Weereitch. In W Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Weeyot. At the mouth of the Eel 
River, N California. IV, H6 

Wee2e.=Wanjamwezi. I, F6 

Weitspek. = Euvoc. IV, H6 

Wehi-wehi. S of the middle Mur- 
ray (about long. 143 °E), Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Welle. A river, a tributary of 



264 

the Ubangi (a branch of the 
Congo), along lat. 5°N. I, E5 

Wellington. (1) A provincial 
district in S North Island, New 
Zealand; also its capital, and 
the capital city of New Zealand. 
V, H8. (2) A lake in E Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Welsh. The people of Wales. Ill, 
D3 

Welshmen. ^YJelsh. Ill, D3 

Weluinbura. S of the Tarubura 
tribe of E Queensland. V, EF6 

Wenatchi. = Pisquon. IV, H6 

Wendland. In Saxony, Germany. 
Ill, F3 

Wends. In Saxony and the ad- 
jacent parts of Prussia. Ill, 
F3 

Wengenmarongeitch. In SW Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Wenrohronon. One of the tribes 
associated with the Neutral Na- 
tion, in SW New York. IV, N6 

Were. In Adamawa, a region in 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

Werogery. In NE Victoria. V, E7 

Werribee. a stream in S Victoria. 
V, E7 

Werrupurong. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 

Western Australia. A state in 
Australia, W of 129°E long. V, 
BC5-7 

Western Islands. (1) = Hebrides. 
Ill, D3. (2) In Melanesia, be- 
tween lat. 0° and 2°S, and long. 
142° and 146°E. V, E4 

West Indies. Islands in the At- 
lantic Ocean and the Caribbean 
Sea, between Florida and South 
America. IV, M-09-11 (in- 
cluding inset) 

West Islands. In the Caroline 
Archipelago, Micronesia. V, E3 

Westland. a provincial district 
in W South Island, New Zea- 
land. V, GH8 



S65 

West Russia. A division of Russia, 
E of Poland and N of Little 
Russia. Ill, GH3 

West Virginia. A state in E cen- 
tral United States. IV, N7 

Wewenoc. A tribe of the Abnaki 
confederacy, living about the 
mouth of the Kennebec River, 
Maine. IV, 06 

WhajooJc. In the York district of 
Western Australia. V, B7 

Whakatohea. A subdivision of the 
Maori. V, H7,8 

Whanauaapanui. A subdivision of 
the Maori. V, H7,8 

Whanganui. A subdivision of the 
Maori. V, H7,8 

Whilapah. Formerly in Washing- 
ton. IV, H6 

Whiro. = Bairo. I, F6 

White Cliff. In Queensland, 
Australia. V, E6 

White ilM«*. = Ephthlites. II, HI 
2-6 

White Indians. = Menomeni. IV, 
M6 

White Miao. = 'Peh Miao. II, L6 

White Mountain Apache. Former- 
ly the Sierra Blanca Apache, a 
part of the Coyoteros, so called 
on account of their mountain 
home. The name is now applied 
to all the Apache under the 
Fort Apache agency, Arizona. 

IV, J7 

White Mountains. In N Nevr 

Hampshire. IV, 06 
White Russia. Popular name for 

part of West Russia. Ill, GH3 
White Russians. In W Russia. Ill, 

GH3 
V/hite Volta. An upper branch 

of the Volta, W Africa. I, B4,5 
White wurndiuh. In NW Victoria. 

V, E7 

Whydah. a seaport town in Da- 
homey, French West Africa. I, 
C5 



Wilya 

Whydah. = Uwida. I, CS 

Wiantunga. On the SE coast of 
South Australia. V, D7 

Wia-Wia. Between the Ubangi and 
the Grinbingi (a branch of the 
Shari), central Africa. I, D6 

Wichihih. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Wichita. A confederacy of Cad- 
doan stock, closely related lin- 
guistically to the Pawnee, rang- 
ing from Kansas to Texas. IV, 
KL7,8 

Wide Bay. In Lifu, Loyalty Is- 
lands, Melanesia. V, G6 

Widyu. Former name of the Dit- 
sakana. IV, KL7 

Wie-ning. In SW Kuichau, China. 
II, L6 

Wight, Isle of. An island to the 
S of England. Ill, D4 

Wihinasht. S of the Columbia Riv- 
er, Oregon. IV, H6 

Wiimbaio. On the S bank at the 
junction of the Darling and the 
Murray rivers, Victoria. V, E7 

Wikchumni. Near Lake Tulare, 
California. IV, H7 

Wihsachi. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Wild Oaf . = Menomeni. IV, M6 

Wilingura. In North Australia; 
about lat. 16°S, long. 134°E. 
V, D6 

Willamette. A tributary of the 
lower Columbia River, Oregon. 
IV, H6 

Willapa. a small river in SW 
Washington. IV, H6 

Willapa. Along the Willapa Riv- 
er, Washington. IV, H6 

Willara. N of Stuart Range, South 
Australia. V, D7 

Willetpoo. = Cajnse. IV, H6 

Willuri. Between the Gawler 
Ranges and the coast. South 
Australia. V, D7 

Wilya. In the country about the 



Wima 



W6 



Grey Ranges, New South Wales. 
V, E7 

Wima. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Windward Islands. (1) The S 
portion of the Lesser Antilles. 
IV, 010,11 (inset). (2) Brit- 
ish possession consisting of the 
colonies of St. Lucia, St. Vin- 
cent, and Grenada with the 
Grenadines. IV, 010,11 (inset) 

Windward Passage. Fifty miles 
wide, between Cuba and Haiti. 
IV, 09 

Winnebago. A tribe of the Siouan 
linguistic family; in Wisconsin 
near Lake Winnebago. IV, M6 

Winnipeg. (1) A lake in Mani- 
toba, Canada. IV, L5. (2) A 
river in Canada, flowing 530 
miles .to Lake Winnipeg. IV, 
L5. (3) A city in Manitoba. 
IV, L5 

Wintoon. =Wintun. IV, H6 

Wintu. = Wintun. IV, H6 

Wintun. One of the two divisions 
of the Copehan family, the 
other being the Patwin; in N 
California. IV, H6 

Wiradjuri. On the N tributaries 
of the upper Murray, New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Wirangu. W of Lake Wirangu, 
South Australia. V, D7 

?Firo. = Bairo. I, F6 

Wisconsin. A state in N central 
United States. IV, LM6 

Wishosk. A small tribe near the 
lower Eel River, in N Califor- 
nia. IV, H6 

Witapahatu. Dakota name for the 
Kiowa. IV, L7 

Witapiu. A subdivision of the 
Cheyenne. IV, KL6 

Witbois. A group of Hottentots 
who crossed the Orange River 
soon after 1800 and finally 



settled in 1862 in Gibeon. I, 
E8 
Witchetaw. = Wichitsi. IV, KL7,8 
Witchita. = Wichita. IV, KL7,8 
Wi-thai-ja. On the upper Murray, 

New South Wales. V, E7 
Witoto. In the region of the NW 
Amazon, South America. VI, C 
3 
Witwatersrand. a rocky ridge at 
Johannesburg, Transvaal, South 
Africa; also called The Rand. 
I, E8 
Wiyot. In California. IV, H7 
^Foccoo. = Woccon. IV, N 7 
Woccon. In North Carolina; now 

extinct. IV, N7 
Wochua. In the forests of the Ma- 
bode district, N of the Ituri, an 
upper branch of the Congo. I, 
E6 
W oddavandlu.= Wodder. II, 17,8 
Wodder. In S India. II, 17,8 
Woeworung. = Wurunj erri-baluk. 

V, E7 
Wogee. In Moreton Island, lying 
ofF the SE coast of Queensland. 
V, F6 
Woguls. = Yogu\s. II, H2,3 
Woiworrung. = Wurunj erri-baluk. 

V, E7 
Wolamo. In S Abyssinia. I, FG5 
Wolgal. On the tableland of the 
highest of the Australian Alps, 
Victoria. V, E7 
Wollaroi. N of the Barwan, an 
upper branch of the Darling, 
New South Wales. V, E7 
Wollo Galla. W of Lake Ardibbo, 

Abyssinia. I, F5 
Wolof. A Negro people who for- 
merly founded an empire be- 
tween Senegal and Gambia, W 
Africa. I, A4 
Wolwonga.^W^axrsa. V, D5 
Wombaia. In central Australia. V, 
D6 



267 

Wonghibon. N of the Lachlan, a 

tributary o£ the Murray, New 

South Wales. V, E7 
Wo-m. = Uom. II, L6 
Wonkamala. N of the Macumba 

River, South Australia. V, D6,7 
WonJcanguru. NE of Lake Eyre, 

South Australia. V, D6 
Wonhatyeri. N of the Macumba 

River, South Australia. V, D6,7 
Wonnarua. On the Hunter River 

in the E part of New South 

Wales. V, E7 
Woollum ha Bellum-Bellum. W of 

Lake Wellington, Victoria. V, 

E7 
Woolna. On the E side of the 

lower Adelaide River, North 

Australia. V, D5 
Woolwa. = \J\vai. IV, MlO 
Woolwonga. On the Adelaide Riv- 
er, North Australia. V, D5 
Woonamurra. In NW central 

Queensland. V, E5,6 
?Fom«a. = Wolamo. I, FG5 
Worgaia. In North Australia; 

about lat. 19°S, long. 138°E. 

V, D5 
Workia. In Queensland. V, E5,6 
Worro-Babho. E of Lakes Ar- 

dibbo and Haiko, Abyssinia. I, 

FG5 
Wotiah.^Yotiak. Ill, JK3 
Wotjo-haluk. Between the Wim- 

mera and Richardson rivers in 

the NW part of Victoria. V, E7 
Woyaihon. In New South Wales. 

V, E7 
Woyowai. An Indian tribe of Brit- 



Xicaque 

ish Guiana and Venezuela. VI, 

DE2 
^M. = Li. II, LM7 
Wuddar, or Wudder. = Wodder. II, 

17,8 
Wudduvar. = Wodder. II, 17,8 
Wudthaurung. W of the Kurung- 

jang-baluk tribe of S Victoria. 

V, E7 
Wulad AIL S of the Nefud Desert, 

N Arabia. II, EF6 
Wullathara. On the Murray, N 

Victoria. V, E7 
Wulmala. In North Australia; 

about lat. 21 °S, long. 133°E. 

V, D6 
Wuna. A subdivision of the Mbum. 

I, D5 

Wuruhura. On the E side of the 
head of Broad Sound, E Queens- 
land. V, EF6 

Wurunj erri-baluk. On the Yarri 
River watershed (N of Mel- 
bourne), S Victoria. V, E7 

Wu-SuN. A river in central Asia. 

II, H4 

Wu-sun. = \J sun. II, IJ4 

Wute. A Sudanese tribe of cen- 
tral Cameroon, W Africa. I, D5 

Wyandot. Formerly between Geor- 
gian Bay and Lake Simcoe, On- 
tario. IV, N6 

Wychinga. On the Macumba Riv- 
er, South Australia. V, D6,7 

Wyoming. (1) A state in NW 
United States. IV, JK6. (2) A 
valley in NE Pennsylvania. IV, 
N06 

Wyyanzi. = Wajanzi. I, F6 



-^ ama. On the TeiFe and the 
Yapura, tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. VI, D3 

Xarame. A Coahuiltecan tribe 
near San Antonio, Texas. IV, 
L8 



Xebero. (l) = Zaparo. VI, C3. (2) 

= Jivaro, VI, C3 
Xerente. = Charente. VI, F3,4 
Xibaro. = JivaTo. VI, C3 
Xibito. = Hibito. VI, C3 
Xicaque. In Honduras. IV, MlO 



Ximana 



268 



Xzmana. = Jumana. VI, D3 
Ximbioa. = Ximbiua. VI, EF3,4 
Ximbiua. On the W side of the 

Araguaya, Brazil. VI, EF3,4< 
Ximboa. = Ximbiua. VI, EF3,4< 
Xinca. In Honduras and S Guate- 
mala; now extinct. IV, MlO 
XiNGu. A river in Brazil, flowing 
from central Matto Grosso 
through Para, about 1,300 miles, 
to the Amazon. VI, E3,4 
Xiquito. = Chiquito. VI, 'DE4 



Xiriguano. = Chiriguano. VI, D2 

Xivaro. = Jivaro. VI, C3 

Xixime. A subdivision of the 

Acaxee. IV, K8 
XocHiMiLco. A lake in S Mexico. 

IV, L9 
Xolote. On the Rio Vermejo, N 

Argentina. VI, DE5 
Xo'mana. = J nmana. VI, D3 
Xo*a. = Amaxosa. I, E9 
Xuberesa. A subdivision of the 

Chiquito. VI, DE4 



Y aaho. In Croker Island and on 
Raffles Bay, North Australia. V, 
D5 

YaaJco-Yaako. E of Lake Victoria 
in the SW part of New South 
Wales. V, E7 

Yabahana. A subdivision of the 
Barre. VI, D3 

Yabein. E of the lower Irawadi, 
Burma. II, K7 

Yablonoi. Mountains in Mongolia 
and S Siberia. II, LM3,4 

Yacanaca. A subdivision of the 
Fuegians on Magellan Strait, 
South America. VI, D8 

Yacana-Cunnee. A subdivision of 
the Patagonians in S Patagonia, 
South America. VI, CD8 

Yacane. In the W part of the is- 
land of Basilan, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C3 

Yacariguara. On the Putumayo, 
an upper branch of the Ama- 
zon. VI, C3 

Yache. In Nigeria, W Africa. I, 
C5 

Ya-ch'iao Miao. In central Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 

Yacon. = Yakon. IV, H6 

Yacucarae. On the Rio Negro, 
Brazil. VI, D3 

Yacunda. = Jacunda. VI, F3 



Fa^^m^a. = Babinga. I, D6 

Yaghan. A subdivision of the Fue- 
gians on Beagle Channel, Tier- 
ra del Fuego. VI, CS 

Yagnaub. In the central part of 
Turkestan, central Asia. II, H 
14 

Yagua. On the Maranon, the up- 
per part of the Amazon, and 
its tributary, the Putumayo. VI, 
C3 

Ffl^^an. = Yaghan. VI, CS 

Yahshute. = Tceme. IV, H6 

Yairy-Yairy. On the middle Mur- 
ray, NW Victoria. V, E7 

Ya-itma-thang. On the headwaters 
of the Murray, Victoria. V, E7 

FaAramo. = Yakima. IV, H6 

Y ahetahnohlatahmahanay . On the 
upper Columbia, in Washington 
and British Columbia. IV, H5,6 

raH. = Yaqui. IV, JKS 

YaJcima. An important Shahap- 
tian tribe in Washington. IV, 
U6 

Yaho. On the Binue, a tributary 
of the Niger, W Africa. I, C5 

Yakoma. On the Ubangi, French 
Congo. I, D5 

Yukon. In Oregon. IV, H6 

Yakonan Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily in W Oregon. IV, H6 



269 



Yanktonai 



Yakun. = Jakun. V, A3 

Yahunhura. In SE Queensland. 
V, F6 

Yakut. In the neighborhood of the 
Lena River, Siberia. II, M— O 
1,2 

Yakutat. A Tlinkit tribe centering 
around the bay of the same 
name in Alaska. IV, EF4! 

Yakutsk. A province in E Siberia; 
also its capital on the Lena Riv- 
er. II, L-Ql,2 

Yakwina. = Yakon. IV, H6 

Yalantini. In the Fiji Islands, 
Melanesia. V, H5 

Yalavadj. A subdivision of the 
Salor.' II, H4,5 

Yalibura. On the SE coast of 
Queensland. V, F6 

Yallonka. A subdivision of the 
Mandingo. I, AB4,5 

Yalu. a river between Manchuria 
and Chosen (Korea), 300 mUes 
long, flowing into the Yellow 
Sea. II, N4 

Yam. A Negro-Ethiopian half- 
breed people in Eritrea, NE 
Africa. I, FG4 

Yamacraw. On the Savannah Riv- 
er, the boundary between Geor- 
gia and South Carolina. IV, N7 

y amamatf i. = Jamamari. VI, D3 

Yamandil. E of the Ord River, 
Western Australia. V, B6 

Yamasee. A former noted tribe 
of Muskhogean stock in South 
Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. 

IV, N7,8 

Yambarri. In the Congo basin 

above Stanley Falls. I, E6 
Yamha-yamha. = Wamba-wamba. 

V, E7 

YaTweo. = Llameo. VI, C3 

Yami. On Kotosho, a small island 

lying to the SE of Formosa. II, 

N6 
Yamiaca. On the Madre de Dios 

River, Bolivia. VI, D4 



Yamil. In NW Oregon. IV, H6 

Yamkally. A subdivision of the 
Chinook. IV, H6 

Yampai-ni. The Shoshone name of 
the Comanche. IV, KL7 

Fomporecfc. = Yamparika. IV, KL 
7 

Yamparika. = Ditsakana. IV, KL7 

Yana. A tribe constituting a dis- 
tinct linguistic family in cen- 
tral California. IV, H7 

Yanadi. In Nellore, a district of 
Madras, India. II, 17 

Yandrawontha. = Yantruwunta. V, 
D7 

Yangarella. On the Nicholson Riv- 
er, N Queensland. V, E5,6 

Yangere. S of the upper Binue, a 
tributary of the Niger, W Af- 
rica. I, C6 

Yang-kwang Miao. In SE Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 

Yanglam. In the W Shan States, 
Burma. II, K6 

Yang-pao Miao. In central Kui- 
chau, China. II, L6 

Yangsek. In the W Shan States, 
Burma. II, K6 

Yang-ting-la-han Miao. In SE 
Kuichau, China. II, L6 

Yangtse-Kiang. (That is, "Yang 
kingdom river.") The principal 
river (kiang^ in China; flowing 
from Tibet 3,000 miles to the 
Pacific Ocean. It is sometimes 
called simply Yangtze. II, K— 
N5,6 

Yangur. In Adamawa, a region of 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

Yankihura. S of the Mutabura 
tribe in E Queensland. V, EF6 

Yankton. One of the seven pri- 
mary divisions of the Dakota; 
in Minnesota. IV, L6 

Yanktonai. One of the seven pri- 
mary divisions of the Dakota, 
speaking the same dialect as 
the Yankton, and believed to 



Yanma 



270 



be the elder tribe; in Minne- 
sota. IVj L6 

Yanma. On the bank of the Rio 
Negro, Brazil. VI, D3 

Yantruwunta. On Cooper's Creek, 
South Australia. V, D7 

Yao. (l) = Yao-min. II, L5,6. (2) 
= Wayao. I, F7. (3) In Uganda 
Protectorate. I, F5 

Yao-j en. = Yao-min. II, L5,6 

Yao-min. In the mountainous re- 
gion of NE Kwangsf and NW 
Kwangtung, China; also found 
in parts of Yunnan and Kui- 
chau. II, L6,6 

Yaos. In Guiana, South America. 
VI, E2 

Yapa. = Ditsakana. IV, KL7 

Yap Island. One of the Caroline 
Islands, Micronesia. V, D3 

Yopoo. = Yaghan. VI, C8 

Yapura. a river in SE Colombia 
and Brazil, flowing from the 
Andes Mountains 1,750 miles to 
the Amazon. VI, CD2,3 

Yaqui. a river in Sonora, Mexico. 
IV, J 8 

Yaqui. An important division of 
the Cahita, in Sonora and Sina- 
loa, Mexico. IV, JK8 

Yaquina. = Yakon. IV, H6 

Yaraikanna. Near Cape York, N 
Queensland. V, E5 

Yarang. The Siranian name of the 
Samoyed. II, G— Jl,2 

Yarapo. A subdivision of the Lla- 
meo. VI, C3 

Yarawuarka. = Yaurorka. V, D7 

Yargo. On the Murray, SE 
Queensland. V, E7 

Yarkand Daria. a river in E 
Turkestan. II, H4 

YarZo. = Limbakaraj a. V, D5 

Yarmhura. On the upper Burnett 
River, SE Queensland. V, EF6 

Yaro. On the E bank of the Uru- 
guay in Uruguay; now extinct. 
VI, E6 



Yaroinga. In Queensland. V, E5,6 

Yarriba. = Yoruba. I, C5 

Yarse. In W Sudan. I, B4 

Yasawa. A subdivision of the Fiji- 
ans. V, H5 

Yasuni. A subdivision of the Za- 
paro. VI, C3 

Yatasi. A tribe of the Caddo con- 
federacy, Louisiana. IV, LM7,8 

Yatass. = Yatasi. IV, LM7,8 

Yaualapiti. An Arawak tribe just 
N of the N Gran Chaco, South 
America. VI, D4 

Yauana. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CD3 

Yauaperi. A Carib tribe on the 
Yauaperi River, a tributary of 
the Rio Negro. VI, D3 

FoMflper?/. = Yauaperi. VI, D3 

Yauara. On the Madeira, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, D3 

Yaurorka. Between the Barcoo 
and Warburton rivers. South 
Australia. V, D7 

Yauung-illam-baluk. On the upper 
Goulburn, a tributary of the up- 
per Murray, central Victoria. V, 
E7 

Yauyo. In the department of 
Lima, W Peru. VI, C4. 

Yavaim. On the Tapajos River, 
Brazil. VI, E3 

Yavana. Asiatic Greeks who set- 
tled in NW India in the 2d cen- 
tury B.C. II, I5 

Yavapai. A Yuman tribe, popu- 
larly known as Apache Mohave 
or Mohave Apache; in W Ari- 
zona. IV, J7 

Yavari. An upper tributary of the 
Amazon, forming a part of the 
boundary of Peru and Brazil. 
VI, C3 

Yavipai. = Yavaipai. IV, J7 

Yaw. In the SE part of Upper 
Burma. II, K6,7 

Yamai. W of the lower Burnett, 
SE Queensland. V, EF6 



271 



Yoruba 



Yayu. In E Nepal. II, 3Q 

Yazoo. An extinct tribe and their 
village formerly on the lower 
Yazoo River, Mississippi. IV, 
M8 

Yedina. On islands in Lake Chad, 
Africa. I, D4 

Yei-t'eo Miao. In SE Kuichau, 
China. II, L6 

Yellow Knives. = T>og-rihs. IV, H 
J3,4 

Yellow Sea. An inlet of the Pa- 
cific Ocean between China and 
Chosen (Korea). II, N5 

Yellowstone River. A branch of 
the Missouri River. IV, JK6 

Yelyuyendi. On the Eyre Creek, 
SE Queensland. V, F6 

Yemanieh. Between the Atbara 
and the lower Blue Nile. I, F4 

Yemen. Ancient Arabia Felix; a 
district in SW Arabia. II, F7 

Yenadi. = Ya,nadi. II, 17 

Yenesei. = Yenisei. II, JKl-3 

Yenisei. A river in Mongolia and 
Siberia, 2,500 miles long, flow- 
ing into the Arctic Ocean. II, 
J-Kl-3 

Yen-Yen. = Ynan-Ynan. II, J-N4 

YerMa-mining. In South Austra- 
lia. V, D7 

Yerrunthully. On the Flinders 
River, N Queensland. V, E5 

Yeryan-yakh. The Ostiak name of 
the Samoyed. II, G-Jl,2 

Yeshkhun. In Kashmir, India. II, 
15 

Yesidi. = Yezide. II, F 5 

Yetem. In Adamawa, a region in 
the Sudan, Africa. I, D5 

Yetti-maralla. On the Mackenzie, 
a tributary of the Fitzroy, E 
Queensland. V, E6 

Yezd. a province in central Per- 
sia. II, G5 

Yesdi. = Yezide. II, F5 

Yeside. In Mesopotamia. II, F5 

Yezidi. = Yezide. II, F5 



Yezzo. An island of Japan, N of 
Honshu; also called Hokkaido. 
II, P4 

Ygolote. = Igorrote. V, C2 

Ygolute. = Igorrote. V, C2 

Yie-jen. In the W part of Yun- 
nan, China. II, L6 

Yindu. = ShendvL. II, K6 

Yirituca. A subdivision of the Chi- 
quito. VI, DE4 

Yirun-illam-baluk. On the Broken, 
a tributary of the upper Mur- 
ray, central Victoria. V, E7 

Y-jew. = Tchung-kia-tze. II, L6 

Ynarreeb-ynarreeb. In W Vic- 
toria. V, E7 

Yo. The native name of the N 
Chin. II, K6 

Yocuno. On the Apoporis, a tribu- 
tary of the Yapura, Colombia. 
VI, C2 

Yoe. On the Rio Vermejo, Argen- 
tina. VI, DE5 

Yokaia. = Yokaja Pomo. IV, H7 

Yokaya Pomo. On the W coast of 
California. IV, H7 

Yokut. A linguistic stock, on the 
shore of Lake Tulare, Califor- 
nia; also called Mariposa. IV, 
H7 

Yolof. = WoloL I, A4 

Yomut. On the SE shore of the 
Caspian Sea. II, G5 

Yonkalla. In NW Oregon. IV, H6 

York. (1) A town in SW West 
Australia. V, B7. (2) Cape. In 
N Queensland, E of the Gulf 
of Carpentaria. V, E6. (3) Is- 
lands. In Torres Strait. V, E5 

YoRKE Peninsula. In South Aus- 
tralia. V, D7 

Yorkshire. A large county in NE 
England. Ill, D3 

Yorran-kum. The Vogul name for 
the Samoyed. II, G-Jl,2 

Yoruba. In Yoruba, a country in 
W Africa. I, C5 

Yoruba. A former native king- 



Youn 



rt% 



dom, now in SW Nigeria; also 
called YoRUBALAND. I, C5 

Youn. In Indo-China. II, L7 

Yourwuchall. In W Victoria. V, 
E7 

Youta. = Ute. IV, JK6,7 

Yquito. = Iquito. VI, C3 

Yscanis. A tribe of the Wichita 
confederacy in E central Texas. 
IV, L7,8 

Ysistine. On the Pilcomayo, N 
Argentina. VI, D5 ' 

FMaZai. = Euahlayi. V, E7 

rwaZZoroz. = Wallaroi. V, E7 

Yuan-Yuan. A mixed people in 
Mongolia who attained power 
about the 4th century, subjugat- 
ing the tribes of the Altai, 
and extending their power over 
Mongolia as far as Korea (Cho- 
sen). II, J-N4 

Yuba. On the left bank of the 
Sacramento River, California. 
IV, H7 

Yuberi. A sub-tribe of the Puru- 
puru. VI, D3 

Yucane. A subdivision of the 
Moro. V, BC2,3 

Yucatan. A peninsula in SE 
Mexico, British Honduras, and 
N Guatemala; also a state in 
Mexico in the N part of the 
peninsula. IV, M9 

Yucatecs. A Maya subgroup in the 
chalk district of Yucatan, poor- 
ly watered, containing much 
jungle and steppe. IV, M9 

Yuchi. A tribe co-extensive with 
the Uchean family; formerly in 
South Carolina and Georgia. 
IV, N7 

Yucluaht. A subdivision of the 
Aht. IV, G5 

Yucuna. On the Yapura, a tribu- 
tary of the Amazon. VI, CDS 

Yucunampa. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D4,5 

Yueh-chi. A division of the Huns 



who conquered various peoples 
in central Asia. II, IJ4 

YuGO-SLAViA. = Jugo-slavia. Ill, 
FG4 

Yuin. In the SE part of New 
South Wales. V, E7 

Yuit. An ancient Eskimo tribe in 
the NE extremity of Siberia on 
Bering Strait. IV, A3 

Yuka. = Yuki. IV, H6 

Yukadzhir. = YukaghiY. II, 0P2 

Yukager. = YukaghiY. II, 0P2 

Yukaghir. Between the lower Jana 
and lower Kolyma rivers, NE 
Siberia. II, OP2 

Yukagiri. = Yukaghir. II, 0P2 

Yukahire. = Yukaghir. II, 0P2 

Yuki. In NW California. IV, H6 

Yukian Family. A linguistic fam- 
ily in N California, compris- 
ing only the Yuki. IV, H6 

Yukol. Near Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. IV, H7 

Yukon. A river in Canada and 
Alaska, 2,050 miles long, flow- 
ing into the N Pacific Ocean; 
also a territory in NW Canada. 
IV, B-G3,4 

Yukonikhotana. An Athapascan 
tribe in Alaska whose range is 
principally N of the Yukon 
from the mouth of the Toxi Riv- 
er down to the Yukon River. 
IV, D3 

Yuloni. In the central part of 
California. IV, H7 

Yuma. One of the chief divisions, 
or tribes, of the Yuman Fam- 
ily; near the junction of the 
Colorado River and the Gila, 
Arizona and California. IV, J7 

Yuman Family. An important lin- 
guistic family whose tribes be- 
fore being gathered on reser- 
vations occupied an extensive 
territory in the extreme SW 
portion of the United States and 
N Lower California. IV, HJ7,8 



273 



Zamora 



Yumbo. In N Ecuador. VI, C2,3 

Yunca. A generic name for the 
coast tribes of Peru. VI, 603,4 

rMn^a. = Yunca. VI, BC3,4 

Yungman. In North Australia. V, 
D5 

Yunnan. A province in SW Chi- 
na. II, L6 

Yupia. On the TefFe, a tributary 
of the upper Amazon. VI, D3 

FMpMa. = Yupia. VI, D3 

Yuracare. In the N part of Bo- 
livia. VI, D4 

FMrocareca. = Yuracare. VI, D4 

Yurah. The northerly group of 
Samoyed in NW Siberia. II, G— 
11,2 

Yuri. = Juri. VI, D3 

Yurimagua. A subdivision of the 
Omagua. VI, C3 

YMn'mawa. = Solimoes. VI, D3 

Yuroh. On the lower Klamath Riv- 



er, N California; it constitutes 
the Weitspeken linguistic fam- 
ily. IV, H6 
Yurucare. = Yuracare. VI, D4 
Yuruh. In the W and S parts of 

Asia Minor. II, DE5 

Yuruna. (1) On the upper Uaupes 

and the Putumayo, branches of 

the Amazon. VI, CD3, (2) = 

Juruna. VI, E3 

Yurusune. On the Napo, an upper 

branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 

Yusal Porno. On the W coast of 

California. IV, H7 
Yusufzai. N of the Kabul, a tribu- 
tary of the Indus, India, and in 
NE Afghanistan. II, I5 
Yuta. = \J\,e. IV, JK6,7 
Yuzufzai. = Yvisuiz&i. II, I5 
Yvgade. = Gaddia.ne. V, C2 
Yxistenese. In the Gran Chaco, 
South America. VI, D4,5 



AiACATECAS. A state in Mexico. 

IV, K9 
Zacatecas. In the state of Zacate- 

cas, Mexico. IV, K9 
Zadran. In Khost, a district of E 

Afghanistan. II, Hl5 
Zafimanely. In SW Madagascar. 

I, G8 
Zafimaniry. In SE Madagascar. 

I, G8 
Zafin Ibrahima. On the SE coast 

of Madagascar. I, G8 
Zafintsira. In SE Madagascar. I, 

G8 
Zafisoro. In SE Madagascar. I, G8 
Zagharva. = Zoghava. I, E4 
Zaheno. A subdivision of the Chi- 

quito. VI, DE4 
Zaimukht. N of the middle Kuram, 

a tributary of the Indus, India. 

11,15 



ZaMohpakap. = Mam. IV, MlO 

Zamanuca. A subdivision of the 
Chiquito. VI, DE4 

Zambales. a province in W cen- 
tral Luzon, N Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Zambales. In the province of Zam- 
bales, Luzon, Philippine Is- 
lands. V, C2 

Zambesi. A river, flowing from 
N Barotseland through E An- 
gola, Rhodesia, and Portuguese 
East Africa, about 2,200 miles 
to the Indian Ocean. I, D— F7 

Zambesia, North and South. A 
region on both sides of the Zam- 
besi River in S Africa, roughly 
corresponding to Northern and 
Southern Rhodesia. I, EF7,8 

Zamora. A province in NW Spain. 
Ill, D4 



Zamuco 



274 



Zamuco. A subdivision of the Chi- 

quito. VI, DE4 
Zanafaniliana. On the SE coast of 

Madagascar. I, G8 
Zanatshihanaka. In N central 

Madagascar. I, G8 
Zandey. Native name of the Niam- 

Niam. I, E5 
Zangenah. A subdivision of the 

Kurds. II, F5 
Zante. One of the Ionian Islands, 

Greece. Ill, G5 
Zanzibar. An island sultanate, a 

British protectorate, off the 

coast of E Africa; also its 

capital city. I, F6 
Zaparo. Between the Napo and 

the Pastassa, tributaries of the 

Amazon, Ecuador. VI, C3 
Zapitalagua. In the Gran Chaco, 

South America. VI, D4,5 
Zapotec. = ZaTpoteco. IV, L9 
Zapoteco. In the S portion of Oa- 

jaca, SW Mexico. IV, L9 
Zaramanompo. On the SE coast 

of Madagascar. I, G8 
Zayeing. In the S part of Upper 

Burma. II, K6,7 
Zazalava. On the SE coast of 

Madagascar. I, GS 
Zazamena. On the SE coast of 

Madagascar. I, GS 
Zazavao. On the SE coast of 

Madagascar. I, GS 
Zehediya. Recent Arab immigrants 

to the district of the Atbara, a 

tributary of the middle Nile. I, 

F4 
Zeila. a seaport town in Somali- 
land, E Africa. I, G4i 
Ze7wma. = Apollonians. I, B5 
Zemuquica. A subdivision of the 

Chiquito. VI, DE4 
Zenaga. In the W Sahara Desert. 

I, B3 
Zenjina. = Zangenah. II, F5 



Zepucaya. On the Amazon, below 

the mouth of the Madeira. VI, 

E3 
Zerafshan. a river in Bokhara, 

central Asia. II, H5 
Zeza. A subdivision of the Kurds. 

II, F5 
Zhob. a tributary of the Gomal, 

a branch of the Indus, India. II, 

15 
Zia. = Sia. IV, K7 
Zias. On the Putumayo, an upper 

branch of the Amazon. VI, C3 
Zibito. = Hibito. VI, C3 
Zibola. = Zum. IV, JK7 
Zimbabwe. The site of ruins, for- 
merly thought ancient, in Ma- 

shonaland. Southern Rhodesia. 

I, F7 
Ziranians. = Siramans. Ill, HJ2,3 
Ziyu. = Zias. VI, C3 
Zmarai. In Dera Ismail Khan, a 

district of Panjab, India. II, 

16 
Zoghava. In the N part of Darfur, 

Africa. I, E4 
Zoghawa. -Zoghava. I, E4 
Zoque. In Guatemala, and in Chia- 
pas, Mexico. IV, LM9 
ZoR. A district in NE Syria. II, 

F5 
Zotzil. In Chiapas, SE Mexico. 

IV, LM9 
Zouaoua. In Tunisia, N Africa. I, 

CD2 
Zo^awa. = Zoghava. I, E4 
Zwasz. = Swazi. I, FS 
ZuiDER Zee. A landlocked inlet, 

Netherlands, 85 miles long. Ill, 

E3 
ZuLiA. A river in NW Venezuela. 

VI, CD2 
Zulu. In Zululand, South Africa; 

= Amazulu. I, F8 
Zululand. A part of Natal, SE 

Africa. I, F8 



275 



Zyrians 



ZuNGARiA. The N division of the 
Chinese province of Sinkiang; 
also spelled Sungaria. II, JK4) 

Zungars. In Zungaria, China. 11^ 
JK4 

Zuni. The popular name of a 
Pueblo tribe, constituting the 
Zunian linguistic family, resid- 



ing in a single permanent pueb- 
lo known by the same name, in 
Valencia County, New Mexico. 
IV, JK7 

Zurina. On the Amazon, below the 
mouth of the Purus. VI, D3 

Zyrians. A Finnic tribe of NE 
Russia. Ill, K2 



TABLE OF PEOPLES 

Arranged under the Political Divisions of the World. 





ABYSSINIA 




Abyssinians 


Dume 


Massowan 


Agau 


Ethiopians 


Mati 


Agaumeder 


Falasha 


Mechi 


Algeden 


GaUa 


Ogaden 


Amar 


Gambil 


Raya 


Amhara 


Ghilzai 


Reshiat 


Aro 


Gudabirsi 


Sabaeans 


Aroosi 


Gurague 


Sabderat 


Asabo 


Habr-Awal 


Saho 


Assaworta 


Hamites 


Shangalla 


Base 


Harari 


Shoa 


Berta 


Isa 


Sidama 


Bonno 


Isa-Isshai-Modoba 


Tigritians 


Cushites 


Ittu 


Waito 


Dawari 


Kaficho 


Wolamo 


Dembela 


Khamant 


WoUo Galla 


Doko 


Khamir 


Worro-Babbo 


Donyiro 


Mala 
AFGHANISTAN 




Afghans 


Hindki 


Pawindah 


Afridi 


Hunza 


Purmuli 


Aymah 


Iranians 


Safi 


Badakhshi 


Kafir, 1 


Sirdehi 


Berraki 


Kara 


Sistani 


Chagnan 


Khosti 


Tajik 


Chitrali 


Khostwal 


Tanis 


Dehgan 


Kohistani 


Wakhi 


Durani 


Makhbal 


Yusufzai 


Galcha 


Mangal 


Zadran 


Hazara 


Niazi 

ALASKA 




Aglemiut 


Chilcat 


Haida 


Ahtena 


Chingigmut 


Hankutchin 


Akkha 


Chnagmiut 


Ikogmiut 


Aleut 


Chugachigmiut 


Kaialigamut 


Anlygmiut 


Chugatsh 


Kaigani 


Atka 


Eskimo 


Kaiyuh-khotana 



Alaska {Continued) 



278 



Kaniagmiut 


Magemiut 


Ten'a 


Kaviagmiut 


Malemiut 


Tlinkit 


Kenai 


Nahauni 


1 ogiagmiut 


Keyataigmiut 


Natsitkutchin 


Ugalakmiut 


Kinugumiut 


Niska 


Unakhotana 


Knaia-khotana 


Nunatagmiut 


Unalaska 


Koniaga 


Nunivagmiut 


Unaligmiut 


Kopagmiut 


Nushegagmiut 


Vuntakutchin 


Kuskwogmiut 


Nuwukmiut 


Yakutat 


Kutcha Kutchin 


Sitka 


Yukonikhotana 


Kutchin 


Tahltan 

ALBANIA 




Albanians 


Montenegrins 

ALGERIA 


Slavs 


Abadhite 


Chawia 


Moors 


Beni Jubar 


Ghadame 


Shawia 


Beni Mzab 


Kabyle 


Uled Amur 


Berber 


Mauritanians 


Uled Nail 




ANDAMAN ISLANDS 


Andamanese 


Mineopi 


Negrito 




ANGLO-EGYPTIAN 


SUDAN 


Abu-Rof 


Bedouins 


Ethiopians 


Abu-Sarib 


Beja 


Fadniyeh 


Adya 


Bellanda 


Fallangh 


Agar 


Beni Amer 


Fertit 


Amarar 


Berri 


Funj 


Artega 


Bia 


Fur 


Ashraf 


Birgid 


Gararish 


Assiri 


Bohr 


Ghubush 


Awadiyeh 


Bongo 


Golo 


Ayarr 


Bonjak 


Gonga 


Babukur 


Bot 


Guraan 


Baele 


Chai 


Habab 


Baggara 


Copts 


Hadendoa 


Bakka 


Cushites 


Halenga 


Balok 


Dadjo 


Hameg 


Banda 


Dinka 


Hamites 


Barabra 


Dobeina 


Hassaniyeh 


Bari 


Dongolawi 


Hauwawir 


Battakhin 


Dyur 


Homran 


Bedawib 


Ennedi 


Ishing 



279 



Annam 



Jalin 


Luri 


Sere 


Jambara 


Madi, 2 


Shagiah 


Jibbe 


Mahdists 


Sheygyeh 


Kababish 


Meyrifab 


ShiUook 


Kargo 


Mittu 


Shir 


Kirim 


Moru 


Shukriyeh 


Koldaji 


Musabat 


Shuli 


Komar 


Negrillo 


Sienietye 


Korunga 


Niam-Niam 


Sofi 


Kredy 


Nikuar 


Sungor 


Krej 


Niuak 


Tala 


Kulfan 


Nuba 


Tama 


Kunj ara 


Nuer 


Tegele 


Kytch 


Nyambara 


Tekele 


Labore 


Qadeyat 


Tumale 


Langu 


Robabat 


Tynjur 


Latiika 


Rol 


Yemanieh 


Lehsi 


Rom 


Zebediya 


Loobah 


Saidokki 

ANGOLA 


Zoghava 


Abunda 


Bangambue 


LiboUo 


Amboella 


Banhaneka 


Loena 


Babihe 


Bankumbi 


Luchaze 


Bachwa 


Bantu 


Luimba 


Bacuando 


Banyaneka 


Mahungo 


Bacuisso 


Bashimba 


Makoza 


Badinga 


Bashinge 


Makuba 


Bailiinda 


Basongo 


Masosso 


Bakabae 


Baviko 


Matamba 


Bakanaka 


Biheno 


Mayacca 


Bakankala 


Cassange 


Mbondo 


Bakasekele 


Dembo 


Minungo 


Bakisse 


Ganguella 


Ndulu 


Bakoroka 


Haku 


Negrillo 


Bakuando 


Holo 


Ngangela 


Bakubale 


Jagga 


Ngola 


Bakuise 


Kibula 


Ngonyelu 


Bakwando 


Kimbunda 


Quimjbande 


Balnndo 


Kioko 


Sombe 


Banano 


Kisangji 


Tjivokoe 


Bandombe 


Kisoke 


Vakioko 


Bangala, 2 


Kissama 

ANNAM 






(See FRENCH INDO- 


-CHINA) 



Antilles, Greater 



280 



ANTILLES, GREATER 



Alaya (Haiti) 
Borinquefio (Porto 
Rico) 



Allouages 



Cebuny (Cuba) 
Haitians (Haiti) 
Karif 



Lucayan (Bahamas) 
Taino (Haiti) 



ANTILLES, LESSER 
Arawak Inyeri 





ARABIA 




Adite 


Beni Lam 


Melkit 


Ahl Morrab 


-Beni Shiddad 


Menasir 


Amalek 


Beni Thakif 


Minaeans 


Arabs 


Bisher Anase 


Qatar 


Ateybah 


Cushites 


Ruwala Anase 


Bedouins 


Emin 


Sabaeans 


Beni Atie 


Gara 


Saracens 


Beni Hadjar 


Himyarites 


Shammar 


Beni Harb 


Huteim 


Sherarat 


Beni Harith 


Jadi 


Tasm 


Beni Jas 


Jasim 


Thamudite 


Beni Kahtan 


Jewasimi 


Waber 


Beni Kelb 


Jorham 


Wahabi 


Beni Khuweiled 


Mahrah Kara 

ARGENTINA 


Wulad Ali 


Abipone 


Guarpe 


Querendi 


Abucheta 


Humahuaca 


Ranquele 


Agoya 


Imato 


Samuco 


Aguilote 


Isitine 


Tannic 


Amulalae 


Juri, 2 


Teuta 


Ashluslay 


Key-yu 


Toba 


Atalala 


Lule 


Tonocote 


Calchaqui 


Malbalai 


Toquistenese 


Caracara 


Mascoi 


Tshiriguano 


Charrua 


Mataguayo 


Tsoneka ^ 


Chichas Orejones 


Matako 


Uacaa i 


Chiulipo 


Mocobi 


Ve j oso 


Choroti 


Ocole 


Velala 


Chunipi 


Ojotae 


Xolote 


Colchoqui 


Oristine 


Yacanaca ' 


Culilau-Cunnee 


Palomo 


Yaghan | 


Diaguita 


Pampeans 


Yoe i 


Divieche 


Patagonians 


Ysistine 


Fuegians 


Pehuenche 


Yucunampa 


Gauchos 


Pitilaga 


Yxistencse 


Guana 


Puelche 


Zapitalagua i 


Guarani, 1 




1 



281 


ASIA MINOR 
{See TURKEY) 

AUSTRALIA 

New South Wales 


Australia 


Awabakal 


Kamilaroi 


Ta-tathi 


Baraba-baraba 


Kombaingheri 


Tongaranka 


Barkinji 


Kombinegherry 


Wa-imbio 


Barrumbinya 


Kongait 


Watthungk 


Barunga 


Kurnu 


Wilya 


Berriait 


Maitheriban 


Wiradjuri 


Bigambul 


Milpulko 


Wirangu 


Bulalli 


Molo 


Wi-thai- j a 


Bunyarlee 


Murawari 


Wollaroi 


Chepara 


Murring 


Wonghibon 


Euahlayi 


Muthi-muthi 


Wonnarua 


Geawegal 


Naualko 


Woyaibon 


Gringai 


Ngarigo 


Yaako-Yaako 


Ita-ita 


Paruinj i 


Yuin 


Ithi-ithi 


Tarru 

North Australia 




Allaua 


Karawa 


Waduman 


Anula 


Larrakia 


Walpari 


Arunta 


Limbakaraj a 


Warrai 


Binbinga 


Luritcha 


Warramunga 


Bingongina 


Mara 


Wilingura 


Chingali 


Mudburra 


Wombaia 


D j auan 


Mungarai 


Woolna 


Gnanji 


NuUakun 


Woolwonga 


lUiaura 


Oitbi 


, Worgaia 


Ilpirra 


Umbaia 


Wulmala 


Iwaidja 


Unalla 


Yaako 


Kaitish 


Unmatjera 


Yungman 


Kakadu 


Waagai 

Queensland 




Amimmgo 


Bithelbura 


Dippil 


Auanbura 


Boanbura 


Dorobura 


Babingbura 


Bombarrabura 


Emon 


Badjeri 


Buntamurra 


Gilambabura 


Badulega 


Buribura 


Goa 


Baipulbura 


Butchabura 


Goenpul 


Bikalbura 


Chunkunji 


Goonine 


Bingabura 


Dalebura 


Gudang 



Australia (Continued) 



282 



Guerno 


Munkibura 


Thibura 


Gumulaig 


Munyabura 


Thuncumbura 


Gumulega 


Murrumningama 


Thuribura 


Kabi 


Murubura 


Tilbabura 


Kaiabara 


Mutabura 


Turrbal 


Kalkadoona 


Mutherabura 


Ungorri 


Karunbura 


Myappe 


Waggumbura 


Kauralaig 


Mycoolon 


Wakelbura 


Kiniyen 


Mygoodano 


Wandubura 


Kogai 


Mythuggadi 


Warabul 


Kombobura 


Narboo Murre 


Warabura 


Kongulu 


'Noonukul 


Waranbura 


Konkubura 


Nukunukubura 


Warbaa 


Koogobatha 


Olongbura 


Weluinbura 


Kowrarega 


Orambul 


Wogee 


Kuinmurbura 


Paringnoba 


Woonamurra 


Kukebura 


Pinoba 


Workia 


Kulbainbura 


Pitta-Pitta 


Wurubura 


Kulkalaig 


Pukanbura 


Yakunbura 


Kulkalega 


Ristebura 


Yalibura 


Kumbukabura 


Rundubura 


Yangarella 


Kurnandaburi 


Saibailaig 


Yankibura 


Kutubura 


Tarribelung 


Yaraikanna 


Marula 


Tarrumbura 


Yargo 


Massilega 


Tarubura 


Yarmbura 


Mitakoodi 


Taruinbura 


Yaroinga 


Mokaburra 


Tarumbul 


Yawai 


Mooloola 


Tateburra 


Yelyuyendi 


Muinbura 


Tawarbura 


YerrunthuUy 


Mundainbura 


Terrabura 

South Australia 


Yetti-maralla 


Auminie 


Moatatunga 


Wiantunga 


Buandik 


Narrang-ga 


Willara 


Dieri 


Narrinyeri 


WiUuri 


Dirityangura 


Ngameni 


Wonkamala 


HiUeri 


Ngurawola 


Wonkanguru 


Karanguru 


Painchunga 


Wonkatyeri 


Kaurna 


Parnkalla 


Wychinga 


Kukata 


Pilladapa 


Yantruwunta 


Kuyani 


Taloinjunga 


Yaurorka 


Mardala 


Tangara 


Yerkla-mining 


Mining 


Urabunna 

Tasmania 
Tasmanians 





283 



Australia (Continued) 



Victoria 



Balk-mernen 


Kalkalgundit 


PillawinbuUuk 


Baluk-willam 


Kapun-dapunbana 


Port-buUnk 


Balung-karak-mittung 


Karnathan 


Punnoinj on 


Bangarang 


Keilambeitch 


Purteet Chowel 


Baronighurk 


Kerabialbarap 


Tarrawarrackal 


Barrath 


Kerinma 


Tatoongolong 


Bellum-bellum 


Kolore 


Terrin Challum 


Biduelli 


Korotch 


Terrumbehal 


Birdhawal 


Kromelak 


Tharamirttong 


Boorong 


Krowithan-Kulo 


Tirtalowa 


Borumbeet Bulluk 


Kurnai 


Tirthung 


Boul-boul 


Kurung-j ang-baluk 


Tooram 


Brabriwulong 


Kuurn-koppan-noot 


Tourahonong 


Brabrolong 


Lail-buil 


Waiky-Waiky 


B undah-wark-kani 


Lal-lal 


Wamba-wamba 


Bunurong 


Leehurah 


Wanmung-Wanmung- 


Bura-bura 


Leitchi-leitchi 


kur 


Burappa 


Litchy-litchy 


Wardy-YaUoch 


Burhwundeitch 


Meirinygil 


Waring-illam-baluk 


Buthera-baluk 


Merimu 


Warrnambul 


Colac 


Moama 


Wathi-wathi 


Colongulac 


M oguUum-bitch 


Watty-Watty 


Coonawane 


M onulgunditch 


Weereitch-Weereitch 


Darty Darty 


Moocherak 


Weki-weki 


D j appuminyou 


Moomoo 


Wengenmarongeitch 


Doenbauraket 


Moporh 


Werogery 


Dooveraak ba Daan 


Mukj arawaint 


Werrupurong 


Duwinbarap 


Mullungkill 


Whitewurndiuk 


Echuca 


Murra-Murra-barap 


Wiimbaio 


Emu Mud jug 


Narragurt 


Wolgal 


Ginning-Maton 


Neitcheyong 


Woolum ba Bellum- 


Gnareeb-gnareeb 


Ngarrimowro 


Bellum 


Gnurellean 


Ngaruk-willam 


Wotjo-baluk 


Gournditch-mara 


Ngatban 


Wudthaurung 


Gundanora 


Nguralungbula 


WuUathara 


Gunung-willam-baluk 


Nira-babik 


Wurun j erri-baluk 


Jackalbarap 


Nutcheyong 


Yairy-Yairy 


Jaj aurung 


Owanguttha 


Ya-itma-thang 


Jakelbalak 


P allanganmiddah 


Yauung-illam-baluk 


Jarcoort 


Panggarang 


Yirun-illam-baluk 


Jupa-galk-wourndich 


P eek-whur r ong 


Ynarreeb-ynarreeb 


Jurobaluk 


Pikkolatpan 

Western Australia 


Yourwuchall 

• 


Aiawong 


Ballardong 


Gnalla 


Balgu 


Biboulmoun 


Gnamo 



Australia (Continued) 



284 



Ingibandi 


Minung 


Walki 


Kakarakala 


Muliarra 


Warrangoo 


Kardagur 


MunmuUa 


Watchandi 


Kariera 


Natingero 


Weedookarry 


Kokar 


Ngaluma 


Whaj ook 


Ma j anna 


Ngurla 


Yamandil 


Mardudhunera 


N owilnowilanna 
AUSTRIA 




Austrians 


Cimbri 


Goths 


Bavarians 


Germans 

AZERBAIJAN 






Aderbaijani Colchians 




BALEARIC ISLANDS 




Catalanes 






BALUCHISTAN 




Baluch 


Iranians 


Pani, 1 


Bandiya 


Marri 


Rind 


Brahui 


Mekrani 


Tajik 


Chuta 


BASUTOLAND 




Bantu 


Basuto 


Batloqua 


BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE 


Bachwapeng 


Barolong 


Lovale 


Bahurutse 


Basaomaka 


Madenassana 


Bakalahari 


Basilika 


Makalaka 


Bakan 


Batau 


Makalanga 


Bakatla 


Batlapin 


Makolokue 


Bakwena 


Batlaro 


Maniolosi 


Balala 


Batwana 


Masara Bushmen 


Bamangwato 


Bechuana 


Massarua 


Bangwaketsi 


Bushmen 


Ngami Bushmen 


Banoga 


Caucau Bushmen 


Witbois 


Bantu 


Koranna 
BELGIAN CONGO 




Ababua 


Abanga 


Abarmbo 


Abaka 


Abangba 


Abaya 


Abali 


Abanjia 


Abeliforo 



285 



Belgian Congo {Continued) 



Abisanga 


Balunda 


Kalaka 


Abnkaya 


Bamballa 


Katanga 


Afiffi 


Bambuba 


Kiamba 


Akahle 


Bambute 


Lendu 


Akka, 2 


Banalya 


Libinza 


Aluru 


Banande 


Likunungu 


Amadi 


Banayuba 


Lobemba 


Amangale 


Bandoa 


Loggo 


Ambarandi 


Bangala^ 1 


Lunda-Luba 


Amiaro 


Bangi 


Luri 


Amokubio 


Bangongo 


Mabenge 


Angaddu 


Bankutu 


Mabode 


Anzique 


Bantu 


Madundi 


Ashikuya 


Ba-nunu 


Magaya 


Avejeli 


Banyambuga 


Maigo 


Baama 


Banzanza 


Mambare 


Babali 


Baondo 


Mambuti 


Babanda 


Bapende 


Mangballe 


Babangi 


Bapindi 


Manyema 


Babe 


Bapoto 


Marungu 


Babembe 


Barindi 


Mavambe 


Babengaye 


Barua, 2 


Medze 


Babesse 


Barumbe 


Mege 


Babuendi 


Basamba 


Mogualla 


Babnkwa 


Bashilange 


Mok 


Babunda 


Bashilele 


Momfu 


Babwende 


Basoko 


Monbuttu 


Bacuba 


Bassongo 


Mongelima 


Bagenya 


Bassongo Mino 


Mundo 


Baholoholo 


Bassua 


Mundu 


Bahuana 


Basundo 


Mushikongo 


Bajok 


Batempa 


Mussurongo 


Bakandi 


Batetela 


Negrillo 


Bakete 


Batondoi 


Niam-Niam 


Bakongo 


Batwa 


Niapu 


Bakonjo 


Bayansi 


Olemba 


Bakuba 


Belande 


Pygmies 


Baknma 


Bemberri 


Shefalu 


Bakuss 


Betundu 


Sungu 


Bakutu 


Bolobo 


Tofoke 


Bakwese 


Boloki 


Tondy 


Balali 


Bombe 


Wabembe 


Balesse 


Bomitaba 


Wabuma 


Baloi 


Bushongo 


Wagoma 


Balolo 


Drugu 


Wagubba 


Balua 


Embata 


Waguha 


Baluba 


Kabinda 


Wakuti 


B alunbangando 


Kakongo 


Wakwanga 



Belgian Congo (Continued) 



286 



Wanfumu 

Wanyambungi 

Waregga 

Waringa 

Warua 

Warumbi 



Belgae 
Belgians 



Aka 

Bhutanese 
Char Duar 



Alieli 

Ersari 

Falghar 

Ababa 

Atsahuaca 

Baures 

Boso 

Cavina 

Cayuvava 

Chaeoba 

ChaneSj 2 

Chapacura 

Charca 

Chiquito 

Chiriguano 

Chirionosso 

Guaehes 

Guana 

Guarayo 

Houbarayo 

Humahuaca 

Isitine 

Ite 



Adit 

Bahau 

Bahmali 



Wasausi 


Wavira 


Wasoki 


Wawamba 


Wasongora Mino 
Wassambi 


Wazige 
Wochua 


Wavinza^ 2 


Yambarri 


BELGIUM 




Flemings 
Franks 


Gauls 
Walloons 


BHUTAN 




Dhimal 


Thebengea 


Lhopa 
Mechi 


Towang 


BOKHARA 




Fan, 2 


Maghians 


Fang 


Usbeg 


BOLIVIA 




Kanchi 


Pariama 


Katukina 


Pilaga 


Leco 


Piocaca 


Manacico 


Pitilaga 


Marcani 


Samuco 


Maropa 


Saparuna 


Mascoi 


Saraveca 


Matako 


Siriono 


Mobima 


Tacana 


Moima 


Taunie 


Moropa 
Moxo 


Tereno 
Toba 


Oj otae 
Oristine 


Toquistenese 
Tumanaha 


Otuki 
Pacaguara 
Pacasa 
Paiconeca 


Wawayana 
Yamiaea 
Yaualapiti 
Yuracare 


Pakase 
Palmella 


Zapitalagua 


BORNEO 




Bajau 


Balow 


Bakatan 


Barawan 


Balaga 


Barito 



287 



Brazil 



Batang Lupar 


Land Dyak 


Punan 


Batu Blah 


Lanun 


Rambai 


Bekiau 


Lawangan 


Sabahan 


BisayaSj 2 


Lelak 


Sarawak 


Bugau 


Long Akah 


Sea Dyak 


DusTxa 


Long Kiput 


Sibop 


Dyak 


Long Pata 


Sihan 


Enliai 


Madang 


Sika 


Eraan 


Malaban 


Sikalau 


Jilimu 


Malang 


Sikapat 


Jingkang 


Maloh Dyak 


Sikepang 


Kadayan 


Marah 


Taballau 


Kadempai 


Milanau 


Tanjong 


Kaj aman 


Murik 


Tring 


Kalabit 


Murut 


Tubow 


Kanowit 


Olo Ngadjoe 


Ukit 


Kantu 


Orang Bukit, 2 


Ulu Ayer 


Katiba 


Orang Laut 


Ulun-Maanj an 


Kayan 


Pare 


Uma Klap 


Kenniah 


Peheng 


Uma Pawa 


Klemantan 


Peng 


Uma Tima 


Lanan 


BRAZIL 




Abacaxis 


Apurina 


Baxiuara 


Abacti 


Araguagu 


Betoya 


Acroa 


Araicu 


Boca 


Agarari 


Araquize 


Botocudo 


Aguayra 


Arara 


Buges 


Amamati 


Araua 


Bugre 


Amaripa 


Arauna 


Burai 


Ammaniu 


Arawak 


Bus 


Ana j a 


Arecuna 


Cabaro 


Anamari 


Arekaina 


Cadiuco 


Anambe 


Aricunane 


Cafuana 


Anana, 1 


Arikemes 


Cahuayapiti 


Andira 


Aroa 


Caishana 


Anetos 


Aroaqui 


Camacans 


Anicore 


Arrua 


Camagura 


Aogez 


Aruan 


Camboca 


Apalai 


Aruna 


Camuto 


Apama 


Ataguate 


Canawary 


Apenari 


Atauhy 


Cangaparanga 


Apera 


Aueto 


Capechene 


Apiaca 


Baccahiri 


Capiekrans 


Apinagez 


Baeuna 


Carabuyana 


Aponegi-crens 


Baibucua 


Caracata 


Appiaca 


Barre 


Carahiahy 



Brazil (Continued) 



288 



Caraho 


Curiate 


Kamayuru 


Caraja 


Curiguere 


Kobeua 


Carajahi 


Curina 


Kustenau 


Carapana 


Curuaxi 


Machacari 


Caraya 


Curucuru 


Maconi 


Carcana 


Curupataba 


Macu 


Cariayo 


Curuzirari 


Macuni 


Caribs 


Cuxiuara 


Makuna 


Caripuna 


Cuzare 


Malali 


Cariri 


Erepunaca 


Mamayamaze 


Catauixi 


Gemia 


Mambriara 


Catiana 


Ges 


Mamenga 


Catuquina 


Goyana 


Manacuru 


Cauaxi 


Goyataca 


Manao 


Cauixana 


Goyazes 


Manatenery 


Caupeze 


Guachi 


Maniva 


Cay ana 


Guanaru 


Maqueritari 


Cayapo 


Guapindages 


Maragua 


Cayova 


Guaranacuaz ana 


Marapitana 


Cayuaba 


Guaranguaca 


Maraua 


Charente 


Guarianacaqua 


Mariana 


Chavante 


Guatinuma 


Mariarana 


Chiabara 


Guato 


Mariathe 


Chieriaba 


Guayaba 


Marnuacu 


Chipaya 


Guayaci 


Masacara 


Cipo 


Guayana, 1 


Maturua 


Coata Tapauiija 


Guayana, 2 


Mauhe 


Cocruna 


Guaycuru 


Mbegua 


Coeruna , 


Hiabaana 


Mehinaku 


CoUina 


Ipurina 


Menieng 


Comani 


Iriju 


Mepury 


Conamare 


Isanna 


Metina 


Conibo 


Ita Tapuiija 


Mitandue 


Conomoma 


Jacare 


Mongoyo 


Coroado 


Jacunda 


Moroqueni 


Corona 


Jamamari 


Mundrucu 


Cortys 


Jamuda 


Mura 


Cotoxo 


Januma 


Mutuani 


Cran 


Jauana 


Nambiquara 


Crangez 


Javaes 


Nana 


Crichana 


Javahais 


Nauna 


Cuchiguara 


Javipuj az 


Oreguatu 


Culina 


Jubery 


Orejones, 3 


Cumanacho 


Junma 


Orito 


Cumayari 


Juqui 


Ozuana 


Curanari 


Juri, 1 


Pacaj a 


Curani 


Juruna 


Palpuma 


Curiare 


Kaingang 


Pamenun 



289 




British Isles 


Pammary 


Shumana, 1 


Tururi 


Papanaze 


Simigae 


Uabixana 


Paraqui 


Sipaia 


Uacarauha 


Pararauate 


Siusy 


Uaenambeu 


Parauama 


Solimoes 


Uainamary 


Parauano 


Suorirana 


Uainuma 


Parentintin 


Suya 


Uaiuru 


Parexi 


Taconha-piue 


Uanana 


Pariana 


Tacuhuno 


Uaniba 


Passe 


Tacus 


Uapixana 


Patacho 


Tamare 


Uarapa 


Paumari 


Tamoeno 


Uaraycu 


Pauxiana 


Tamoyo 


Uaupes 


Paxiana 


Tapacoa 


Uchuca 


Periate 


Tapajoso 


Uereuena 


Pianagoto 


Tapanhona 


Umaua 


Piriquita 


Tapauna 


Urarina 


Pituruna 


Tapaxana 


Urubambo 


Pium 


Tapirape 


Urubatinga 


Pochety 


Tapuya 


Urubu 


Puchaca 


Tariana, 2 


Uyapa 


Pumacaa 


Tekuna 


Vaiyamara 


Punouy 


Tiara 


Vaura^ 2 


Purenuma 


Timbira 


Voyovai 


Puru-puru 


Tipuna 


Waimare 


Pury 


Tocanhope 


Xama 


Putumayu 


Tocantins 


Ximbiua 


Quajaja 


Toqueda 


Yacucarae 


Quaruare 


Toras 


Yanma 


Queuanaca 


Trnmai 


Yauana 


Quibana 


Tuchale 


Yauaperi 


Quimau 


Tucuriy 


Yauara 


Quinan 


Tukano 


Yavaim 


Saindaru 


Tumbira 


Yucuna 


Sares 


Tupi, 1 


Yupia 


Sarumma 


Tupi, 2 


Yuruna, 1 


Sarus 


Tupinamba 


Yurusune 


Seuabohi 


Tupinikin 


Zepucaya 


Shingu 


Tupininquin 


Zurina 


Shipibo 


Turas 
BRITISH ISLES 




Angles 


Cymry 


Picts 


Anglo-Saxons 


English 


Saxons 


Belgae 


Irish 


Scotch 


Britons 


Jutes 


Welsh 


Celts 


Manx 





Bulgaria 



290 



Bastarnae 



Akha 

Aphya Kumi 

Awa Kumi 

Bghai 

Bre 

Burmese 

Chaungtha 

Chin 

Chinbon 

Chingpaw 

Chinme 

Chukma 

Danaw 

Danu 

Deori 

Hajong 

Haka 

Hkun 

Ho-ni 

Hpon 

Intha 

Kadu 

Kamj ang 

Karen 

Kaw, 1 

Khakun 

Khampti 

Kheong 



Abo 

Baeunda 

Bafarami 

Bafindi 

Bagandu 

Bagielli 

Bakoko 

Bakori 

Bakunda 

Bakwiri 

Bali 

Balun 



BULGARIA 




Bulgarians 


Goths 


BURMA 




Khyeng 
Khyoungtha 
Klangklang 
Kling 
Kui, 1 


Pegu 

Pwo 

Rakhaingtha 

Riang 

Sassan 


Kuki 

Kuki-Lushai 

Kumi 


Selung 

Sgan 

Shan 


Kun-Loi 


Shendu 


Lakher 
Lanten 


Siyin 
Sokte 


Lataung 
Lepei 
Lis aw 


Szi 

Talaing 

Taman 


Lu 
Lushai 


Tareng 
Tari 


Maran 


Tashon 


Mariss 

Maru 

Mopgha 

Mpo 

Mro 


Taungyo 

Tavoyan 

Thado 

Tunthus 

Wa 


Muhso 


Yabein 


Nkum 

Padung 

Palaung 


Yanglam 
Yangsek 
Yaw 


Panthay 


Zayeing 


CAMEROON 




Bamboko 
Bamon 
Bana, 2 


Bayago 

Bayon 

Bimbia 


Banaka, 2 
Banoko 


Boyaeli 
Cameroons 


Banyang 
Bapuko 
Barombi 
Baronde 


Chamba 
Dualla 
Egap 
Ekoi 


Basa, 2 


Fali 


Batom 


Ibea 


Bay a 


Isubu 






291 



Canada 



Jangere 


Mbum 


Negrillo 


Keaka 


Ndob 


Wute 


Kottofo 


CANADA 




Abbitibbe 


Iglulirmiut 


Okomiut 


Abnaki 


Itivmiut 


Ononchaturonon 


Aggomiut 


Kainah 


Oqomiut 


Aguionda 


Kangivamiut 


Orejones, 1 


Ahrendahronon 


Kawchodinne 


Ottawa 


Aht 


Kichesipirini 


Passamaquoddy 


Aivilirmiut 


Killamook 


Piegan 


Akudnirmiut 


Kinipetu 


Pilingmiut 


Akuliarmiut 


Kitunahan 


Qaumauangmiut 


Amikwa 


Koluschan 


Qidnelik 


Amitormiut 


Komux 


Sagdlirmiut 


Armouchiquoi 


Kootenai 


Salishan 


Assiniboin 


Koskimo 


Sarsi 


Ataronch-ronon 


Kouksoarmiut 


Secoffi 


Athapascan 


Kowitchan 


Sekani 


Atnah 


Kutchin 


Shushwap 


Atticamique 


Kwakiutl 


Sikauni 


Attignawantan 


Lekwiltok 


Sikosuilarmiut 


Attiquenongmahai 


Lillooet 


Siksika 


Beaver 


Loucheux 


Similkameen 


Bellabella 


Lummi 


Sinimiut 


Bellacoola 


Malecite 


Siouan 


Beothuk 


Maskegon 


Skittagetan 


Chasta Costa 


Meliseet 


Soke 


Chilcotin 


Mikmak 


Songish 


Chimmesyan 


Minsi 


Squawmish 


Chipewyan 


Missisauga 


TacuUi 


Chippewa 


Mistassin 


Tahltan 


Cowichan 


Mohawk 


Talkotin 


Cree 


Monsoni 


Tantsawhoot 


Dakube tede 


Montagnais, 1 


Tatsanottine 


Dog-ribs 


Montagnais, 2 


Teet 


Edchawtawoot 


Nahane 


Tete-de-Boule 


Eskimo 


Nascapee 


Thilanottine 


Etchareottine 


Naskotin 


Thlingchadinne 


Etehemin 


Nasqa 


Thompson Indians 


Flathead, 2 


Nepissing 


Tinne 


Gaspe 


Netchillirmiut 


Tionontati 


Gyitksan 


Neutral Nation 


Tsattine 


Haeltzuk 


Nootka 


Tschantoga 


Haida 


Ntlaky ap amuk 


Tsetsaut 


Hares 


Nugumiut 


Tsilkotin 


Hyperboreans 


Okanagan 


Tsillawdawhoot 



Canada {Continued) 



292 



Tsimshian 

Ugjulirmiut 

Ukusiksalirmiut 


Ungavamiut 
Wakash 

CANARY ISLANDS 
Guanches 

CELEBES 


Wakashan 
Wyandot 


Alfuru 
Bajau 
Bugi 
Macassar 


Mandar 
• Minahasa 
Orang Laut 
Sengirese 

CEYLON 


Toala 
Toumbuluh 
Turaja 
Waju 


Dravidians 
Kandians 
Nature Veddah 


Shanar 
Singhalese 

CHILE 


Veddah 
Yami 


Alikuluf 

Araucanians 

Atacameno 

Change, 1 

Chauque 

Chonos 


Cunche 

Cunco 

Fuegians 

Haush 

Huemul 

Huilliche 


Key-yu 

Lican-anti 

Pehuenche 

Pichunche 

Quechua, 2 

Vuta-Huilliche 



CHINA 
(Including MONGOLIA and TIBET) 



Ah-ch'eng 


Bhotiya 


Ch'iu-j en 


Ah-chia 


Bod-pa 


Chorass 


Ah-k'a 


Chakar 


Chung 


Ahkhanar 


Chak-pa 


Chu-shi Keh-lao 


Ah-ko 


Cham-pa 


C Van-man 


Ah-shen 


Chang-t'eo-fah 


Daurians 


Ah-shi 


Cheh-sie 


Diju 


Ah-tu 


Ch'eh-tsai Miao 


Dioy 


Akka, 1 


Chia-pa-la 


Dru-pa 


Andoan 


Chieh-jen 


Dungan 


An-shun Miao 


Ch'ie Miao 


Durban 


Ar-chang 


Chien-fah Keh-lao 


Durbat 


Arru 


Chien-ting Miao 


Fan-tch'eng-ta 


Bana 


Chimpan 


Genshikten 


Barin 


Chinese 


Gyarung 



293 



China (Continued) 



Hak-ka 

Han Pa-i 

Heh-chioh Miao 

Heh-chong Miao 

Heh-kan Ih 

Heh Lo-lo 

Heh-lo Miao 

Heh Miao 

Heh-p'u 

Heh Seng-Miao 

Heh-shan Miao 

Heh-t'u-yieh 

Heh Wu-ni 

Hok-lo 

Hong-cheo Miao 

Hong Ke-lao 

Hong Miao 

Ho-ni 

Hor-pa 

Hotha-Shan 

Hsiang-tan 

Hsuan-hua 

Hua Keh-lao 

Hua Miao 

Hu-luh Miao 

Huns 

Hwa Peh-Ih 

Hwa T'u-Liao 

Hwui-chan 

Jarot 

Jasaktu 

Jrupa 

Ka-la 

Kalmuck 

Kan-j en 

Kao-p'o Miao 

Kara-Kartshin 

Kara-Khitai 

Kara-Tangut 

Kartsin 

Kas-khui 

K'a-to 

K'a-wa 

K'a-yu Chong-kia 

K'eh-mong-ku-yang 

Miao 
Keh-tong Miao 
Keo-erh-long-kia 



Khalka 

Khambing 

Kham-pa 

Khatozun 

Kho, 1 

Khoshod 

Kih-lao 

Kitao 

Kiu-ku Miao 

Kiu-ming-kiu-sing 

Miao 
Ko-cwien Keh-lao 
Ku-lin Miao 
Ku-tse 
K'u-ts'ong 
Ku-tsong-tsi 
La-lu 
La-mao 

Lang-ts'i Miao 
La-su 
Lawa 

Leng-ky Miao 
Li 
Liao 

Lien Miao 
Li-fan 
Li-mi 

Li-ming-tsi 
Ling-kia Miao 
Li-so 

Lo-han Miao 
Lo-lo 
Lo-mien 
Long Miao 
Lo-wu 
Lu-chi 

Luh-ngerh-tsi 
Luh-tong-ih-j en 
Lu-jen 
Lu-tze 
Ma-he 
Ma-la 
Manchu 
Man-tze 
Manyak 
Ma-ten-kia 
Meh-fen 
Melam 



Miao-tse 

Min-kai-tze 

Mong-hwa 

Mongol 

Mong-wu 

Mo-So 

Mo-sso 

Mo-ts'a 

Mu-chi 

Musur 

Mu-tse 

Mu-ua 

Naiman, 2 

Ngai Laos 

Nieh-su 

O-ch'ang 

Ordos 

Pa-fan Miao 

Pagni 

Pai-y 

P'a-la 

Paloung 

Pamiri 

Pan-yao 

Pan-y-shan-tze 

Pa-tsai Heh-Miao 

Peh Chong-kia 

Peh-la-chi 

Peh Lo-lo 

Peh-long-kia 

Peh Miao 

Peh-p'a-la 

P'ing-fah 

P'i-pao Keh-lao 

P'i-sa-k'o-toh 

P'u-fen 

P'u-lieh 

P'u-long Chong-kia 

Pun-ti 

P'u-piao 

P'u-shi 

Sain-noin 

Seng Miao 

Sha-jen 

Shan 

Shan-ch'eh 

Shang-lai 

Shan-su 



China (Continued) 

Sharra 

Sheh-wu 

Shi-ko 

Shi-pub-neng 

Shi-t'u 

Shi-yoh 

Shui Keh-lao 

Shui-kia Miao 

Shuk-lai 

Shutung 

Siao-lieh 

Sien-pi 

Sigan 

Si-mo 

Si-shi Miao 

Sok-pa 

Soyon 

Sumu 

Sunnites 

Taghlik 

Tai-ya 

Tangut 

Taranchi 

Targut 

Tatar 



294 



Abana 

Acanayuto 

Achagua 

Adoria 

Amaguage 

Amarizona 

Ambua 

Amorua 

Andaqui 

Angagueda 

Aniana 

Antagaima 

Arhuaco 

Aruac 

Atuai 

Ature 

Avaneni 



Ta-t'eo Miao 


T'u-man 


Ta-ya Keh-lao 


Tumet 


Tchung-kia-tze 


Tung 


Tel en get 


Tungans 


Teletz 


T'ung-jen 


Telu 


Turbet 


Tibetans 


Tushetu 


Tochu 


Twan-cuiu Miao 


Tong-jen 


Uchumsin 


Tong-kia Miao 


Uigur 


Tong Miao 


Uniot 


Tong-tsai Miao 


Urut 


Ts'ai-kia 


Usun 


Tsarong 


Wie-ning 


Tsi-chien 


Ya-ch'iao Miao 


Tsi-kiang Miao 


Yang-kwang Miao 


Tsi Miao 


Yang-pao Miao 


Ts'ing Chong-kia 


Yant-ting-la-han Miao 


Ts'ing-king Chong-kia 


Yao-min 


Ts'ing Miao 


Yei-t'eo Miao 


Tsi-tseng 


Yie-jen 


Tuba 


Y-jen 


T'u-jen 


Yuan- Yuan 


T'u Keh-lao 


Yueh-chi 


T'u Liao 




CHOSEN (KOREA) 




Koreans 




COLOMBIA 




Barbacoa 


Chiamu 


Bauhuna 


Chibcha 


Betoi 


Chimila 


Betoya 


Choco 


Boanari 


Churoya 


Busintana 


Citara 


Cabacaba 


Clitua 


Cabiune 


Coeuna 


Canasgorda 


Cofane 


Caramanta 


Colima 


Carataima 


Correguage 


Caribs 


Cosinas 


Carijona 


Coyaima 


Carusana 


Cumaeuman 


Catio 


Gepua 


Cauixana 


Goajiro 


Cauxana 


Guacico 



295 



Dahomey {Slave Coast) 



Guane 


Mitua 


Piapoco 


Guaripeni 


Mocoa 


Piaroa 


Guaypunavi 


Moguexe 


Pijao 


Guayue 


Morcote 


Pintado, 2 


Hiuhiua 


Muco 


Polindara 


Ijca 


Muriate 


Puinavi 


Ingano 


Musos 


Quimbaya 


Iscuande 


Naura 


Sinsiga 


Jucuna 


Noannamae 


Siro 


Kagaba 


Nutabe 


Situfa 


Mabiu 


Otamac 


Tado 


Macaguaje 


Pae 


Tahami 


Maco, 2 


Pamenua 


Tayrona 


Macucuena 


Pampanilla 


Tomoca 


Macueni 


Panare 


Totoro 


Mangerona 


Panche 


Tucura 


Manipo 


Paniquita 


Tunebo 


Maniva 


Pantagoro 


Tupe 


Mariana 


Pareni 


Ujagua 


Mariete 


Paudacoto 


Yacariguara 


Matano 


Paviana 


Yocuno 


Miguri 


Pay aba 


Zias 


Miranha 


Pedraza 

COSTA RICA 




Blanco^ 2 


Guaimi 


Nicoya 


Burica 


Guatuso 


Talamanca 


Changuene 


Guetare 


Terraba 


Chiripo 


Mandingo, 2 

CRETE 

Sphakiots 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA 


Valiente 


Agathyrsi 


Chechians 


Slavs 


Avar 


Cimbri 


Slovak 


Bohemians 


Czechs 


Slovene 


Boii 


Goths 






DAHOMEY (SLAVE COAST) 


Adampe 


Ana 


Awuna 


Aflao 


Anfua 


Dahomans 


Agbosomi 


Ataklu 


Egba 


Agotine 


Attakpami 


Ekiti 


Aja 


Avenor 


Ewe 



Dahomey {Slave Coast) {Continued) 



Eweawo 


Ikelu 


Mahi 


Geng 


Ilorin 


Nago 


Hwida 


Jebu 


Ode 


Ibadan 


Ketu 


Popo 


Ife 


Krepi 


Remo, 1 


Ijesha 


Krikor 

DENMARK 




Danes 


Jutes 


Scandinavians 


Frisians 







296 



EAST INDIES, DUTCH 

{See also BORNEO, CELEBES, NEW GUINEA, 
and SUMATRA) 



Alfuru 


Javanese 


Orang Laut 


Almahera 


Kalang 


Papuans 


Arafura 


Letinese 


Sassak 


Baduwi 


Madurese 


Sika 


Balinese 


Malay 


Sundanese 


Bidaiik 


Maruwi 


Tenggerese 


Bima 


Mentawey 

ECUADOR 




Aguarico 


Cuaiquere 


Murato 


Angutera 


Curani 


Pastassa 


Avij era 


Curitu 


Pinche 


Ayahuca 


Esmeraldas 


Pindo 


Becaba 


Guagna 


Pioje 


Camuchiro 


Guaque 


Quechua, 2 


Canari 


Huambisa 


Quito tribes 


Canelos 


Huancavillca 


Quitu 


Cayapa 


Intag 


Roamayna 


Chiripuno 


Jivaro 


Sapohan 


Ciure 


Lliquino 


Tauare 


Coconuco 


Maco, 1 


Telembi 


Colorado 


Malaba 


Upano 


Conambo 


Manivi 


Yumbo 


Coronado 


Manta 

EGYPT 


Zaparo 


Ababdeh 


Cushites 


Nuttokki 


Amarar 


Fellahs 


Siwah 


Bedouins 


Hamites 


Tehennu 


Copts 


Hyksos 


Uled Ali 



297 



France 





ERITREA 




Az-Shuma 


Dokono 


Neshiu 


Beduan 


Hadarem 


Takue 


Bejuk 


Hotumlu 


Tora 


Bogo 


Karneshim 


Wawat 


Dahalaki 


Marea 


Yam 


Danakil 


Mensa 





ESTONIA 

Esthonians Tchoud 



FEDERATED 


MALAY STATES (MAT AY PENINSt 


Besisi 

Biduanda Kallang 

Dina 

Jakun 

Jehehr 

Liars 

Mai Darat 

Malay 

Mentra 


Negrito 
Orang Benua 
Orang Bukit, 1 
Orang Gunung 
Orang Laut Kappir 
Orang Malayu 
Orang Rayet 
Orang Sabimba 

FERNANDO PO 


Orang Seliter 

Sakai 

Sam-Sam 

Semang 

Senoi 

Sungei Ujong 

Udai 

Ulu Kinta 




Adiyeh Bubi 




FIJI ISLANDS 




Bure 


Fijians 

FINLAND 


Yalantini 


Finns 
Karelians 


Lapps 

FORMOSA 


Quain 


Amis 
Ataiyal 
Kiraikel 
Malay 


Pepo 

Pinankei 

Puyuma 

FRANCE 


Tsarisen 

Tso-o 

Vonum 


Alemanni 


Celts 


Goths 


Basques 

Belgae 

Bretons 


Franks 
French 
Gascon 


Ligurians 

Provencals 

Vandals 


Burgundians 


Gauls 


Walloons 



French Equatorial Africa 



298 



FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA 



Ababambo 


Bougou 


Miltu 


Abombo 


Boumali 


Mimi 


Achango 


Cabinda 


Mpongwe 


Aduma 


Commi 


Musgu 


Aj umba 


Daka 


Nakele 


Akunga 


Dakoa 


Ndri 


Alhialumo 


Dingding 


Negrillo 


Alzana 


Fan, 1 


Ngapu 


Apfuru 


Gaberi 


Ngisem 


Apingi 


.Galboa 


Njavi 


Apono 


Galloi 


Nkami 


Ashango 


Gamergu 


Nsakkara 


Ashira 


Igalwa 


Nzillem 


Aviia 


Inenga 


Obongo 


Awaka 


Ishogo 


Okanda 


Azker 


Ivili 


Okeren 


Babinga 


Ivinga 


Okota 


Bagba 


Kabbaga 


Orungu 


Baghirmi 


Kama 


Osaka 


Bakalai 


Kanganyare 


Otando 


Bakamba 


Kouyou 


Porno, 2 


Bakkebakke 


Kuka 


Pnka 


Bakunia 


Kumbra 


Roba 


Balumbo 


Languassi 


Sara 


Bandziri 


Loango 


Sarua 


Banguin 


Logone 


Shekiani 


Bantu 


Maba 


Sokoro 


Banziri 


Mandara 


Somrai 


Basanga 


Mandj o 


Togbo 


Bateke 


Massalit 


Tummok 


Batoke 


Mbafu 


'Ubanji Nation 


Bavili 


M'Baka 


Waga 


Bayaka 


Mbamba 


Were 


Bayombe 


Mbenga 


Wia-Wia 


Bede 


Mbillo 


Yakoma 


Benga 


Mbondemo 


Yangur 


Bon jo 


Melon 


Yetem 




FRENCH INDO-CHINA 


(ANNAM) 


Annamese 


Lati 


Nong 


Banar 


Man 


Pnong 


Cambodians 


Meos 


Stieng 


Charay 


Moi 


Sue 


Chiam 


Muong 


Tho 


Khmer-dom 


Ngai Laos 


Tonkinese 


Kho, 1 


. 





299 



Gold Coast 



FRENCH SUDAN 
(See also FRENCH WEST AFRICA) 



Bambara 


Sangara 


Timbuktu 


Fulah 


Solima 


Tuat 




FRENCH WEST 


AFRICA 


Asgar 


Ifoga 


Ouassoulonka 


Auj ila 


Ihiyawen 


Pourogne 


Basa, 1 


Imghad 


Siena 


Bede 


Itisan 


Songhay 


Beni Abbas 


Izeraren 


Sorgou 


Beni Wazit 


Izoban 


Soy 


Berber 


Kandin 


Sso 


Bobo 


Kanembu 


Susu 


Buduma 


Kel-fadaye 


Tafimata 


Bulala 


Kel-fare 


Tesko 


Canemba 


Kel-ferwan 


Tibbu 


Canuri 


Kel-gere 


Tikar 


Daza 


Kel-n-Neggaru 


Tomaghera 


Degarrab 


Kel-owi 


Toubouri 


Dialonka 


Kel-tafidet 


Tuareg 


Diula 


Kiye 


Ulad Soliman 


Dwaish 


Kuri 


Uled bu Hamu 


Fulah 


Manga 


Uled bu Sebu 


Garamantes 


Mauretanians 


Uled Delim 


Gorane 


Mossi 


Wanya 


Gurara 


Moundan 


Yarse 


Hadanarang 


Nounouma 


Yedina 


Hamites 


Okeren 


Zenaga 


Hogar 







GAMBIA 

(See SENEGAL AND GAMBIA) 





GERMANY 




Alemanni 


Frisians 




Jutes 


Angles 


Gauls 




Ostrogoths 


Anglo-Saxons 


Gepids 




Saxons 


Bavarians 


Germans 




Vandals 


Cimbri 


Goths 




Wends 


Franks 


Huns 








GOLD 


COAST 




Accra 


Agona 




Akim 


Adansi 


Ahanta 




Akra 



Gold Coast {Continued) 



Akwamu 


Fanti 


Mosii 


Akwapim 


Gamans 


Nabdam 


Ashanti 


Gurma 


Nankanni 


Assin 


Gurunga 


Nkoranzo 


Bekwai 


Gyaman 


Safwhi 


Brulsa 


Kassena 


Talansi 


Dagari 


Kin j abo 


Tshi 


Dagomba 


Kwao 


Tufel 


Denkera 


Mampursi 


Wassaw 


Elmina 







- GREAT BRITAIN 
{See BRITISH ISLES) 



300 





GREECE 




Achaeans 


lonians 


Pelasgi 


Dorians 


Mainote 


Thracians 


Greeks 


Molossians 

GREENLAND 


Tsakonians 


Angmagsalingmiut 
East Greenlanders 


Eskimo 

GUATEMALA 


Ita, 1 


Achi 


Chorti 


Pokonchi 


Aguateca 
Alaguilac 
Cachiquel 
Chanabal 


Hhirichota 
IxU 

Kachiquel 
Kekchi 


Popoloca 
Quekchi 
Quiche 
Tzutuhil 


Chiche 
Chole 


Lacandone 
Mam 


Uspanteca 
Xinca 


Chontale 


Manche 


Zoque 


GUIANA, 


BRITISH, DUTCH, 


and FRENCH 


Acawoi 

Akavai 

Amarapa 

Amaripa 

Arawak 

Arecuna 

Atorai 


Bara 

Caribs 

Carinya 

Galibi 

Mandauca 

Oyampi 

Paramoni 


Rocouyenne 

Serekong 

Taruma 

Trio 

Wapiana 

Woyowai 

Yaos 




GUINEA, FRENCH 


Baga 


Mande 


Tenda 


Felup 
Landiimun 


Mandingo, 1 
Sapi, 1 


Tene 



301 



India 



GUINEA, PORTUGUESE 



Bagnori 


Bissagos 


M and jack 


Balantes 


Diola 


Nalu 


Basare 


Felup 


Pepel 


Biafare 


lola 

HOLLAND 






(See NETHERLANDS) 




HONDURAS 




Choluteca 


Lenca 


Towka 


Guaj iquero 


Pay as 


Xicaque 


Inaco 


Poya 


Xinca 


Karif 


HUNGARY 




Avar 


Jazyge 


Slavs 


Cimbri 


Magyar 


Slovak 


Hungarians 


Mongol, 2 


Slovene 


Huns 


INDIA 




Abor 


Barga 


Bumij 


Agariya 


Bar war 


Bunan 


Aheriya 


Baski 


Canaree 


Ahir 


Basor 


Chakma 


Ahom 


Battanni 


Chakmani 


Aimol 


Batur 


Chalikata Mishmi 


Aka 


Baydaru 


Chamar 


Akozai-Ysufzai 


Bedar 


Chamkanni 


AUaiwal 


Behari 


Changar 


Amath 


Benerwal 


Chenchoo 


Angka 


Bengali 


Chero 


Arrians 


Beriya 


Cheruman 


Attingah 


Besera 


Chilasi 


Babar 


Bhadarwahi 


Choligha 


Babhau 


Bhangi 


Chorai 


Badaga 


Bhar 


Chucklers 


Bagdi 


Bhil 


Chuhra 


Baidya 


Bhotea 


Chutia 


Baiswar 


Bhuiher 


Coorg 


Baloch 


Bind 


Dafla 


Balti 


Birjor 


Dardi 


Bangash 


Biyar 


Dasyu 


Banjara 


Bohra 


Dhanook 


Bannuchi 


Boyar 


Dhanwar 



India (Continued) 



302 



Dharkar 


Kanet 


Larka 


Doda 


Kanihar 


Lepcha 


Domb 


Kaniyan 


Limbu 


Doms 


Kappu 


Lingayat 


Dravidians 


Karwar 


Lobar 


Dusadh 


Kashmiri 


Lubbay 


Ephthlites 


Kasubas 


Luni 


Eravallar 


Katumarathi 


Lutukotia 


Gadaba 


Kaur 


Madavar 


Gaddi 


Kayasth 


Madiga 


Gadun 


Kebrut 


Maharajah 


Galcha 


'Khaeil 


Mahratta 


Gandapur 


Khamba 


Mahsud 


Garhwali 


Khamti 


Maj hwar 


Garrow 


Kharia 


Malaiali 


Garwi 


Kharwa 


Malai Araser 


Ghosiya 


Khasia 


Mala Vedan 


Gond 


Khastai 


Malayan 


Gor 


Khatri 


Male 


Gugiani 


Khattak 


Maler 


Gujar 


Kho, 2 


Mai Paharia 


Guj arati 


Kisan 


Mande 


Hansda 


Kishtwari 


Manipuri 


Hemrow 


Kisku 


Mappila 


Hindi 


Kiutse 


Maraha 


Hindu 


Koch 


Maravar 


Ho 


Kohima 


Marli 


Hojai 


Kohli 


Mars 


Holeya 


Kolarians 


Marwari 


Irula 


Kolita 


Mech 


Isot 


Komati 


Mehto 


Jadran 


Konga 


Meithei 


Jafar 


Konkani 


Meria 


Jaji 


Koragar 


Miana 


Jat 


Korama 


Mikir 


Jogi 


Korava 


Mina 


Juang 


Korku 


Miri, 2 


Kachari 


Korwa 


Mishmi 


Kachi 


Kota 


Mohmand 


Kadir 


Koupai 


Mru 


Kakar 


Kuki 


Muhammadzai 


Kakka 


Kulin 


Mukkuvan 


Kala 


Kunnuvan 


Munda 


Kalian 


Kurku 


Muppa 


Kamj ang 


Kurmi, 1 


Murmu 


Kammalan 


Kuruba 


Musahar 


Kanawari 


Kurumba 


Musa Khel 


Kandh 


Lambadi 


Naga 



303 




Ivory Coast 


Nagbangsi 


Punj abi 


Tharoo 


Nahar 


Rabha 


Tipperah 


Nambutiri 


Rajbansi 


Tir 


Nandihari 


Raj put 


Tiyan 


Nat 


Rambani 


Toda 


Nayadi 


Sahara Kols 


Tottiyan 


Nayar 


Samvedi 


Tudi 


Orakzai 


Sansya 


Tulu 


Oraon 


Santal 


Turi 


Paharia 


Saran 


Ujvab 


Pahlava 


Savara 


Ulladan 


Pakhpulak 


Shaka 


Urdu 


Paligar 


Shanar 


Uriya 


Paliyan 


Sherani 


Urmar 


Palli 


Shin 


Ushtarana 


Panan 


Shinwari 


Utman Khel 


Panibotia Miri 


Sikhs 


Valan 


Paniyan 


Sindi 


Vedan 


Panka 


Sudra 


Villi 


Parancha 


Suliman Khel 


Wazir 


Parava 


Sunar 


Wodder 


Par hey a 


Swati 


Yanadi 


Pariyan 


Syrian Christians 


Yavana 


Parsis 


Tamil 


Yeshkhun 


Pasi 


Tarin 


Yusufzai 


Pawindah 


Tarkani 


Zaimukht 


Prabhu 


Telugu 


Zmarai 


Pulaya 


IRAK or IRAQ 






{See MESOPOTAMIA) 




ITALY 




Albans 


Italians 


Sabines 


Etruscans 


Ligurians 


Samnites 


Frentani 


Locrians 


Terremare 


Gauls 


Lombards 


Umbrians 


Goths 


Marrucini 


Vandals 


Ibero-Ligures 


Oscan 

IVORY COAST 


Veii 


Abrons 


Bati 


Kanka-Bonou 


Agni 


Dokaka 


Koulango 


ApoUonians 


Gagou 


Lobi 


Assinians 


Gouru 


Oshiu 


Baoule 


Jack 





Japan 



304 





JAPAN 




Ainu 


Japanese 

JUGO-SLAVIA 


Koropokguru 


Bosnians 


Illyrians 


Slavs 


Croats 


Morlaks 


Uskok 


Dalmatians 


Serbs 

KENYA 




Akamba 


. Kipsiki 


Wabunga 


Akikuyu 


Konono 


Wadigo 


Atharaka 


Kwafi 


Waduruma 


Bantu 


Masaba 


Wagegeya 


Banyara 


Masai 


Wagiryama 


Basamia 


Meru 


Wajibana 


Borani 


Mogogodo 


Wakamba 


Chuka 


Mutei 


Wakikuyu 


Elgeyo 


Mwimbe 


Wambe 


Elgonyi 


Nandi 


Wandorobbo 


Elgumi 


N j empsian 


Wanika 


Ember re 


Sabei 


Wanindi 


Embu 


Sotik 


Wapokomo 


GaUa 


Suahili 


Warabai 


Jaluo 


Suku, 2 


Waribe 


Japtuleil 


Tetu Akikuyu 


Wasania 


Kadimu 


Wabondei 


Watwa^ 1 


Kamasia 


Waboni 


Wazeguba 


Kavirondo 


LATVIA 






Letts 


Slavs 




LIBERIA 




Basa, 3 


Gola 


Krebu 


Dewoi 


Grebo 


Kru 


Gbandi 


Kissi 


Pessi 


Gbe 


Kondo 


Toma 


Gbesi 


Kpelle 


Vei 


Gio 


Kpwesi 

LIBYA 


Webo 


Bedouins 


Moors 


Uled Harabi 


Hamites 


LITHUANIA 




Jmoud 


Lithuanians 


Slavs 


Letts 







305 



Mediterranean Islands 



Andoharano 

Antaiva 

Antanandro 

Antaray 

Avaradrano 

Bar a 

Bazimba 

Behisotra 

Behosy 

Betanimena 

Betsileo 

Betsimisaraka 

Hova 

larindrano 

Ikongo 

Ilafarivo 

Ilalangina 

Ilalanginaivo 

Imamo 

Isandra 

Itongoarivolava 

Itsitiaroa 

Karambola 

Kimo 

Lohavohitra 

Mahafaly 

Mahazoarivo 

Mainty 

Malagasy 

Malay 

Manandriana 



MADAGASCAR 

Mandiavato 

Mandranozemina 

Manendy 

Manisotra 

Marohala 

Marovatana 

Masianaka 

Menabe 

Ranovao 

Safina 

Sakalava 

Sihanaka 

Sotrohazo 

Taimoro 

Taisaha 

Taisaka 

Taisonj o 

Taivondro 

Taivonona 

Taizato 

Tambahoaka 

Tanala 

Tandrona 

Tandroy 

Tanisi 

Tankarana 

Tankay 

Tanosy 

Tapasana 

Tatsimatra 

Tatsimo 



Tiboina 

Tifherenana 

Timahilaka 

Timena 

Timilanj a 

Timiraha 

Tonilaza 

Tsienimbalala 

Tsierandahy 

Tsimahafotsy 

Tsimanambondro 

Tsimanompo 

Tsimiamboholahy 

Tsimihety 

Vakinankaratra 

Vezo 

Vohitrosa 

Vonizongo 

Vorimo 

Voromahery 

Zafimanely 

Zafimaniry 

Zafin Ibrahima 

Zafintsira 

Zafisoro 

Zanafaniliana 

Zanatshihanaka 

Zaramanompo 

Zazalava 

Zazamena 

Zazavao 



MALAY PENINSULA 
{See FEDERATED MALAY STATES) 

MALTA 

Maltese 



MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS 

{See BALEARIC ISLANDS, CRETE, MALTA, SARDINIA, 

and SICILY) 



Melanesia 


MELANESIA 




(See 


also FIJI ISLANDS and NEW GUINEA) 


Araha 


Fangalele 


Melanesians 


Arosi 


Hanunu 


Olegana 


Baining 


Kakau 


Samarai 


Bwaidoga 


Kavika 


Sulka 


Efatese 


Kiriwinians 
MESOPOTAMIA 


Wagifa 


Akkadians 


. Herki 


Mitanni 


Aramaeans 


Kassites 


Sumerians 


Chaldaeans 


Kharri 

MEXICO 


Yezide 


Acaxee 


Cotoname 


Papabuco 


Ahome 


Cuicateco 


Passaguate 


Ahualulco 


Cuitlateco 


Pericu 


Albino 


Eudeve 


Popoloca 


Amusgo 


Guachichile 


Quelene 


Aztecs 


Guaicuru 


Sabagui 


Baimena 


Guayma 


Sabaibo 


Batuco 


Huave 


Seri 


Batueari 


Huaxteca 


Sinaloa 


Beni Xono 


Huichol 


Sobaipuri 


Cahito 


Ika 


Suma 


Cahuimet 


Itza 


Tapijulapane 


Carriza 


Jano 


Tarahumari 


Catajano 


Laymon 


Tarasco 


Cazcane 


Liyue 


Tauro 


Ceri 


Manso 


Tehueco 


Chakalmati 


Matlaltzinca 


Tej one 


Chaneabal 


Maya 


Tepanec 


Chapanec 


Mayo 


Tequistlateca 


Chatino 


Mazahua 


Terocodame 


Chichimec 


Mazapile 


Tezcucans 


Chinarro 


Meco 


Tlacopans 


Choi 


Mije 


Tlahuiltecs 


Chontale 


Mixes 


Tlascalans 


Chuchona 


Miztec 


Tlaxomultecas 


Coahuila 


Mocorito 


Toltecs 


Coaquilene 


Nahua 


Totonac 


Cochimi 


Nayarit 


Tubar 


Cochiti 


Nevome 


Tzendal 


Cocopa 


Opata 


Tzotzil 


Concho 


Otomi 


Uchitie 


Cora 


Fames 


Waicuru 



306 



307 




New Guinea 


Yaqui 


Zaeatecas 


Zoque 


Yucatecs 


Zapoteco 

MICRONESIA 


Zotzil 


Arorae 


Chamorro 


Micronesians 


Banaba 


Maraki 

MONGOLIA 
{See CHINA) 

MOROCCO 




Amazirg 


Ida u Ziki 


Shluh 


Berber 


Mauretanians 


Todga 


Chlouah 


Moors 


Uled Aida 


Ida u Zal 


Rifians 

NEPAL 




Bhramu 


Kusunda 


Newar 


Bhutia 


Limbu 


Pahri 


Chepang 


Magar 


Rongbo 


Gurung 


Mangar 


Sarpa 


Khas 


Murmi 


Sunwar 


Kiranti 


Nepalese 


Yayu 


Kulu-Lahuli 


NETHERLANDS 






Dutch Frisians 




NEW GUINEA 




Aloma 


Edugaula 


Koitapu 


Amberbaki 


Elema 


Koko 


Anamaropu 


Gogodara 


Kopoela 


Arfak 


Huhuna 


Kovai 


Aroma 


Ipi 


Kupele 


Babaka 


Jabim 


Kworafi 


Bamu 


Kabadi 


Lillihudi 


Banaro 


Kaia-kaia 


Loyalupu 


Bina 


Kalo 


Mafor 


Bioto 


Karon 


Mafulu 


Bugilai 


Kerepunu 


Mailu 


Bulsa 


Kidara 


Maipua 


Dariamo 


Kiko 


Maisina 


Daudai 


Kiwai 


Makali 


Dobuans 


Koiari 


Manukoro 


Doura 


Koita 


Manumanu 



New Guinea {Continued) 



308 



Marind-anim 


Onime 


Tapiro 


Massim 


Orokaiva 


Tauputa 


Mawatta 


Orokolo 


Timorini 


Mita, 1 


Papuans 


Tugeri 


Monumbo 


Potatona 


Turituri 


Motu 


Poum 


Varopen 


Motu-Motu 


Rigo 


Volman 


Namau 


Roro 


Wagawaga 


Nor 


Talandjang 


Wedau 


Nveforese 


Tamos 
NEW ZEATAND 




Arawa 


Maori 

NICARAGUA 


Moriori 


Carcha 


Melchora 


Pay a 


Chontale 


Mico 


Rama 


Chorotegans 


Mosco 


Siquia 


Coco 


Mosquito 


Subirona 


Dirians 


Nicarao 


Subtiaba 


Lenca 


Orotinan 


Sumo 


Mangue 


Pantasma 


Twaka 


Mariboi 


Parrastah 

NICOBAR ISLANDS 

Nicobarese 

NIGERIA 


Ulva 


Abaja 


Batta, 1 


Haussa 


Abaw 


Benin 


Ibibio 


Abua 


Berom 


Ibo 


Afudu 


Bini 


I gar a 


Akurakura 


Boki 


Igbira 


Alege 


Bolo 


Ijo 


Andoni 


Bornu 


Ikpere 


Anga 


Doma 


lyala 


Asaba 


Edo 


Jarawa, 2 


Babir 


Efik 


Jekri 


Badzumbo 


Egbira-Hima 


Juku 


Bafumbum 


Ekuri-Amunakuna 


Kadzina 


Balnnda 


Ewe 


Kagoro 


Balung 


Eweawo 


Kajji 


Barba 


Gamergu 


Kakanda 


Bassama 


Gbari 


KaH 



309 




Nyasaland 


Kamuku 


Mbonge 


Shuwa 


Kanembu 


- Michi 


Sienuf 


Kano-Fulah 


Moko 


Sobo 


Kano-Hawsa 


Munshi 


Tangala 


Kanuri 


Muri 


Tiwi 


Karekare 


Nempe 


Tombo 


Katab 


Ngolo 


Tshekeri 


Kaure 


Nibo 


Udom 


Kooranko 


Nri 


Ukelle 


Kupa 


Nungu 


Uyanga 


Maguzawa 


Nupe 


Wari 


Makari 


Ododop 


Yache 


Mandara 


Okrika 


Yako 


Marghi 


Ondo 


Yangere 


Mbarike 


Orri 


Yoruba 


Mbembe 


Qua 





NORTHERN RHODESIA 
{See also NYASALAND) 



Ainamwanga 


Balumba 


Lobemba 


Alolo 


Balundwe 


Luina 


Alunda 


B alungu 


Lunda 


Alungu 


Bambala 


Machona 


Angoni 


Bambo 


Macololo 


Any as a 


Bantu 


Mambunda 


Awankonde 


Basala 


Mambwe 


Awemba 


B ashukulumb we 


Manganja 


Awisa 


Batoka 


Maravi 


Awiwa 


Batwa 


Marimba 


Babemba 


Ba-ushi 


Maschukulumbe 


Babisa 


Iramba 


Matambiika 


Bachungu 


Kalunda 


Maviti 


Ba-ila 


Konde 


Mazitu 


Bakaonde 


Loano 

NORWAY 


Tambuka 


Lapps 


Norwegians 


Scandinavians 



NYASALAND 
{See also NORTHERN RHODESIA) 



Achewa 


Matambuka 


Wahenga 


Achikunda 


Maviti 


Wangonde 


Bantu 


Mazitu 


Wawemba 


Marimba 







Palestine 


PALESTINE 




Amalekites 


Hebrews 


Moabites 


Ammonites 


Hivites 


Nabataeans 


Amorites 


Jebusites 


Perizzites 


Canaanites 


Kenites 


Samaritans 


Edomites 


Metouali 


Takhtaji 


Girgashites 


PANAMA 




Abieiba 


Choco 


Idiba 


Caimane 


Chuehura 


Sambo 


Change, 2 


' Coiba 


Segua 


Chicacotra 


Cunas 


Tulu, 2 


Chitarraga 


Guaymi 

PARAGUAY 




Abangoui 


Cochaboth 


Lengua 


Agace 


Equiniquinao 


Mascoi 


Angaite 


Ethelena 


Matako 


Bohane 


Gauchos 


Mbaya 


Cadioeo 


Guana 


Payagua 


Cadique 


Guano del Chaco 


Sanapana 


Caingua 


Guarani, 1 


Sarigue 


Chabarana 


Guayaci 


Tapiete 


Chamacoco 


PERSIA 




Afshar 


Kab Arabs 


Mamasenni 


Bakhtiari 


Kajar 


Manda 


Farsi 


Karaguzlu 


Medes 


Feili 


Kashkai 


Pahlava 


Goklen 


Kassites 


Parsis 


Hajemi 


Kuhgelu 


Persians 


Hazara 


Kurds 


Tajik 


Herki 


Laks 


Tat 


Hululan 


Lori 


Timuri 


Ihlat 


Luris 


Yomut 


Iranians 


PERU 




Abitega 


Ayuli 


Caranea 


Aguana 


Camavo 


Casamarca 


Aguaruma 


Cambea 


Cashibo 


Aisuari 


Campas 


Catacao 


AUca 


Canamary 


Chachapuya 


Amajuaca 


Canar 


Chanca 


Andoas 


Canas 


Chanco 


Aymara 


Capanahua 


Chasuta 



310 



311 



Philippine Islands 



Cherembo 


Icahuate 


Payagua 


Chimu 


Inca 


Peba 


Chincha 


Iquichano 


Pelade 


Cholone 


Iquito 


Pirro 


Chuncho 


Itucale 


Puquina 


Chuzco 


Japua 


Queehua 


Ciure 


Lamano 


Quillagua 


Cocama 


Lamistas 


Remo, 2 


Cocamilla 


Llagua 


Rueana 


Cohumare 


Llameo 


Rumo 


Colane 


Lupaka 


Seehura 


Conchucu 


Macaguaj e 


Senci 


Cuiyacu 


Maisame 


Senos 


Cuiyayo 


Maparina 


Setebo 


Culina 


Mayna 


Sitibo 


Cumbasino 


Mayoruna 


Sucumboi 


Curana 


Mazane 


Tachaeuraye 


Curaraye 


Morochuco 


Tamas 


Encabellado 


Morrope 


Tieuna 


Etene 


Motilone, 2 


Tinganese 


Gae 


Muniche 


Tulumayu 


Guaj ayo 


Oas 


Uamani 


Guaque 


Omagua 


Uambisa 


Guasitaya 


Omapacha 


Ugiara 


Guencoya 


Pacaya 


Unibuesa 


Hauigire 


Pambadequez 


Uru 


Hibito 


Panatagua 


Witoto 


Huacrachucu 


Pano 


Yagua 


Huamachucu 


Papagua 


Yauyo 


Huanca 


Pastiva 


Yunea 


lea 








PHILIPPINE 


ISLANDS 


Abaca 


Bayabonan 


Calibugana 


Abulon 


Bicol 


Calinga 


Adane 


Bilane 


Camueone 


Aeta 


Bisaya, 1 


Carolano 


Agutaino 


Bogobo 


Catalangane 


Alaguete 


Bouayanan 


Catubangane 


Altasane 


Buhuano 


Coyuva 


Apayao 


Bukidnone 


Dadayag 


Ata, 1 


Bukil 


Dulangane 


Bagobo 


Bulalacauno 


Durugmun 


Bajao 


Bunganane 


Filipinos 


Baluga 


Buquitnon 


Gaddane 


Banao 


Cagayane 


Gamungan 


Batac 


Calagane 


Guianga 


Batan 


Calaua 


Guinaane 



Philippine Islands (Continued) 



312 



Ibilao 


Manguanga 


Silipane 


Ifugao 


Manguiane 


Subano 


Igorrote 


Manobo 


Sulus 


Illano 


Maritimo 


Tadianan 


Ilocano 


Mayoyao 


Tagabaloye 


Ilongot 


Montaraz 


Tagabawa 


I ray a 


Moro 


Tagabeli 


Isinay 


Mundos 


Tagacaolo 


Italone 


Nabayugane 


Tagals 


Itetapane 


Negrito 


Tagbanua 


Lutanga 


Pampango 


Tandolano 


Maguindanao 


Pangasimans 


Tinguiane 


Malanao 


Pidatano 


Tinitiane 


Malay 


Quiangane 


Tiron 


Mamanua 


Samale, 2 


Tiruraye 


Mananape 


Sameaca 


Yacane 


Mandaya 


Sanguile 

POLAND 


Zambales 


Agathyrsi 


Poles 

POLYNESIA 


Slavs 




(See also NEW ZEALAND) 


Hawaiians 


Polynesians 


Tongans 


Kanaka 


Samoans 


Uea 


Marquesans 


Tahitians 





Iberians 



PORTUGAL 

Ibero-Mediterraneans Portuguese 



PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA 



Angulu 


Baronga, 2 


Makua 


Atavara 


Baroro 


Masimba 


Atehwabo 


Barue 


Matambwe 


Awa-Wanga 


Basenga 


Maviha 


Azimba 


Macua 


Mutandi 


Bambiri 


Magwamba 


Sofala 


Bantu 


Magwangwara 
RUMANIA 


Vandau 


Agathyrsi 


Bastarnae 


Rumanians 


Avar 


Goths 





313 



Siam 





RUSSIA 




Abkhasians 


Jazyge 


Ossetians 


Agul 


Kabardians 


Ostrogoths 


Alani 


Kalmuck 


Permians 


Argippeans 


Kartvelians 


Pshavs 


Auramoiset 


Kazak 


Rachan 


Bashkir 


Khazar 


Roxolani 


Basians 


Khevsur 


Russians 


Besermanians 


Kimmerians 


Ruthenians 


Budukh 


Kirghiz, 1 


Sarmatians 


Chechen 


Kirghiz-Kazak 


Savakot 


Cheremiss 


Kumuk 


Scythians 


Chevsur 


Lasi 


Siranians 


Chuvash 


Lechgum 


Slavs 


Circassians 


Lesghians 


South Slavs 


Colchians 


Little Russians 


Swanetians 


Cossacks 


Meshtsheriak 


Tatar 


Georgians 


Mingreli 


Taurians 


Great Russians 


Mongol, 2 


Ukrainians 


Gurians 


Mordvins 


Votiak 


Huns 


Murmanzi 


White Russians 


Imeritians 


Nogai 


Zyrians 


Issedone 


' SALVADOR 






Pipile Tlascaltekans 




SARDINIA 






Catalanes 






SENEGAL AND GAMBIA 


Bagnum 


Kabunga 


Torodo 


Banyun 


Kankanka 


Trarsa 


Brakna 


Kanyop 


Uled Bella 


Dakar 


Kroki 


Uled Daman 


Diola 


Mancagnes 


Uled el Ruisi 


Duaish 


Mandingo, 1 


Uled Embark 


Felup 


Serere 


Uled en Nasur 


Fulah 


Soninki 


Wolof 


Jalunga 


SIAM 




Cheng 


Khmu 


Pu-Tai 


Karen 


Lao 


Samre 


Kha 


Lemet 


Shan 


Khmer-dom 


Musur 


Siamese 



Siberia 



314) 



1 


SIBERIA 




Alarsk 


Kile 


Salor 


Altaians 


Kirghiz, 1 


Samagir 


Argippeans 


Koryak 


Samoyed 


Argyn 


Kotte 


Sarik 


Arine 


Kshtut 


Sart 


Assan 


Kuda 


Scythians 


Balagansk 


Kudara 


Selenga 


Barguzin 


Kumande 


Shakshu 


Beltir 


Lamut 


Shologon 


Birar 


Lebedin 


Sibos 


Buriat 


Macha 


Soyon 


Chapogir 


Mangoon 


Tajik 


Chasar 


Maniza 


Tatar 


Cheliag 


Manyarg 


Tchaudor 


Chukchi 


Massagetae 


Tekke 


Chuwanze 


Mongol, 2 


Teleut 


Dolan 


Motori 


Tungus 


Gilyak 


Naiman, 1 


Tunka 


Goklen 


Negda 


Turkoman 


Goldi 


Nigidal 


Turks, 2 


Huns 


Ninagai 


Usbeg 


Ida 


Olcha 


Usun 


Kalmuck 


Olkhon 


Verkolensk 


Kamchadale 


Oroch 


Voguls 


Karagasi 


Orochon 


Yagnaub 


Karagass 


Oroke 


Yakut 


Karakalpak 


Orotsi 


Yueh-chi 


Kara-Kirghiz 


Ostiak 


Yuit 


Karateghin 


Pakhpu 


Yukaghir 


Kashgarians 


Parthians 


Yurak 


Khorinsk 


Saka 

SICILY 




Italians 


Sicanians 
SIERRA LEONE 


Siculians 


Aku 


Kisekise 


Limba 


BuUom 


Kono 


Lokko 


Gallina 


Kuranko 


Mende 


Hubu 


Kussa 


Sherbro 


Kallum 


Landoro 


Temne 



SLAVE COAST 
{See DAHOMEY) 



315 



Southwest Africa 



SOMALILAND, BRITISH 



Boni 
Dalbahantu 


Habr-Gerhaji 
Hamites 


Midgan 
Mijjerthain 


Danakil 


Isa 


Somali 


Gadohirsi 


Isa-Ishaai-Modoba 


Tomal 


Gudabirsi 
Habr-Awal 


Jibir 


Warsingali 




SOMALILAND, ITALIAN 


Aji 


Masai 


Rahanwin 


Boni 


Mej ertin 


Somali 


Hawiyyah 
Jibir 


Midgan 


Tomal 



SOUTH AFRICA, UNION OF 

(See also BASUTOLAND and BECHUANALAND 
PROTECTORATE) 



Amabaca 


Bushmen 


Khantouer 


Amafingo 


Damaqua 


Khirigriqua 


Amangwana 


Dunqua 


Kokhaqua 


Amapondo 


Fecane 


Koopman 


Amatembu 


Fingo 


Koranna 


Amatonga 


Gaza 


Mabudja 


Amaxosa 


Gonaqua 


Nama 


Amazulu 


Griqua 


Namaqua 


Babumantsu 


Guariqua 


Naron 


Balemba 


Gunyeman 


Odiqua 


Bamapela 


Hahabe 


Rehoboth Bastards 


Bantu 


Hessaqua 


Sonqua 


Bapedi 


Heykom 


South Africans 


Baronga 


Honteniqua 


Sussaqua 


Barotse 


Hottentot 


Thonga 


Bastaards 


Kaffir, 1 


Vaalpens 


Batlaka 


Kattea 


Zulu 


Boers 








SOUTHERN RHODESIA 


Balempa 


Barotse 


Manika 


Balonda 


Batoka 


Mashona 


Banabya 


Machona 


Matabele 


Bantu 


Manansa 


Mavenda 


Banyai 








SOUTHWEST 


AFRICA 


Aichaens 


Bethanians 


Chaibsch Hottentots 


Bantu 


Bondelswaarts 


Damara 



Southwest Africa {Continued) 



316 



Fransmann Hottentots 


Nama 


Ovambadyeru 


Haikauan Hottentots 


Namaqua 


Ovambo 


Haukoin 


Orlam Hottentots 


Swartbois 


Herero 


Ovaherero 


Topnaar 


Hottentot 


SPAIN 




Basques 


Celtiberians 


Spaniards 


Cantabrians 


Iberians 


Vandals 


Castilians 


Ibero-Mediterraneans 


Vaseone 


Catalanes 


Moriscoes 

SUMATRA 




Aehinese 


Korinchi 


Orang Akett 


Alassers 


Kubu 


Orang Lahut 


Asahan 


Lampong 


Orang Ulu 


Baju 


Lubu 


Palembang 


Batin 


Mamma 


Passumah 


Batta, 2 


Maruwi 


Rejang 


Gajo 


Menangkabau 


Sakei 


Jambi 


Orang Abung 


Sarawi 



SWAZILAND 

{See also SOUTH AFRICA, UNION OF) 

Bantu Swazi 





SWEDEN 




Lapps 


Scandinavians 
SWITZERLAND 


Swedes 


Alemanni 
Gauls 


Helvetii 

SYRIA 


Swiss 


Ammonites 
Amorites 
Aramaeans 
Druses 


Hittites 
Hyksos 
Maronites 
Philistines 

TANGANYIKA 


Phoenicians 

Saracens 

Seleucidae 


Bahima 
Bakulia 
Bantu 
Batwa, 3 


Bondei 
Burungi 
Chagga 
Fiomi 


Hinzuan 
Karagwe 
Lumbwa 
Mahenge 



317 



Tunisia 



Makonde 


Wahha 


Wapogoro 


Masitu 


Wahumba 


Warimi 


Massassi 


Wajagga 


Warori 


Maurungu 


Wajiji 


Warundi 


Pimbwe 


Wakaguru 


Waruri 


Sandawe 


Wakahe 


Wasagara 


Sango 


Wakara 


Wasambara 


Suahili 


Wakerewe 


Wasambwa 


Ubwari 


Wakhutu 


Wasegua 


Ukamba 


Wakimbu 


Wassangu 


Unyago 


Wamatumbi 


Wasui 


Upare 


Wambugu 


Wasukuma 


Usove 


Wamerima 


Wataturu 


Usumbwa 


Wameru 


Wataveta 


Wabena 


Wamuera 


Wateita 


Wabende 


Wandamba 


Watusi 


Wachaga 


Wandonde 


Watutwa 


Wadidikimo 


Wandorobbo 


Wavinza, 1 


Wadirigo 


Wanena 


Wawendi 


Wadoa 


Wangindo 


Wayanzi 


Wafipa 


Wangomwia 


Wayao 


Wageia 


Waniaturu 


Wayungu 


Wagogo 


Wanyambo 


Wazaramo 


Wagunda 


Wanyamwezi 


Wazinj a 


Wagweno 


Wapare 

TIBET 
(See CHINA) 

TOGOLAND 




Akpafu 


Anlo 

TONKIN 


Fo 




(See FRENCH INDO- 


CHINA) 




TRIPOLI 




Aulad S oilman 


Berber 


Moors 


Aures 


TUNISIA 




Beni Zid 


Hamama 


Moors 


Berber 


Kabyle 


Ulad Said 


Carthaginians 


Kroumir 


Zouaoua 


Djebalia 


Mogod 





Turkey {Asia Minor) 

TURKEY (ASIA MINOR) 



318 



Ansariyeh 


Ivervek 


Osmanli 


Armenians 


Kizil Bashi 


Phrygians 


Betash 


Kurds 


Turki 


Etruscans 


Lazi 


Turkoman 


Georgians 


Lycians 


Turks, 2 


Hittites 


Lydians 


Vans 


lonians 


Mongols, 2 

UGANDA 


Yuruk 


Acholi 


Bassua 


Magungo 


Awankonde 


Basukuma 


Marama 


Babira 


Bateso 


Mba Mwanziu 


Baganda 


Batoro 


Mok 


Bagangaizi 


Bavuma 


Namutti 


Bageshu 


Bayiba 


Ndo 


Bagungu 


Bazese 


Negrillo 


Bagwe 


Chebleng 


Pygmies 


Bahima 


Chir 


Shefalu 


Bairo 


Ituri 


Turkana 


Bakene 


Jaluo 


Ubene 


Bakoki 


Janbara 


Umiro 


Bakonj o 


Japalua 


Unyoro 


Bakyika 


Jardun 


Upare 


Balega 


Kamba 


Vaura 


Bamba 


Karamo j o 


Wakarra 


Bambei 


Ketosh 


Wakovi 


Bambwa 


Kikamba 


Wakuri 


Banabuddu 


Kikuyu 


Wamegi 


Bantu 


Kilindi 


Waruanda 


Banyankole 


Kimama 


Washashi 


Banyoro 


Kitui 


Wassiba 


Basabei 


Kumum 


Wassindj a 


Basesse 


Lango 


Wawanga 


Basindi 


Lurem 


Yao, 3 


Basoga 


UNITED STATES 




Abeica 


Ahantchuyuk 


AUakaweah 


Abnaki 


Ahnahaway 


Alsea 


Absentee 


Ahwaste 


Altahmo 


Aceomac 


Akoklako 


Amariscoggin 


Acocesaw 


Akwa'ala 


Anadarko 


Acoma 


Alazapa 


Anasitch 


Adai 


Algonkin 


Apache 


Adirondack 


Algonquian 


Apalachee 


Agawam 


Aliche 


Appomattoe 



319 



United States {Continued) 



Aquaauchuque 


Catawba 


Chunut 


Arapaho 


Cathlamet 


Chwachamaju 


Aravipai 


Cayuga 


Clackama 


Arikara 


Cayuse 


Classet 


Ariquipa 


Chainimaini 


Clastop 


Arivaipa 


Chakchiuma 


Cochiti 


Arosaguntacook 


Chalone 


Coconun 


Arrenamuse 


Chauchila 


Cocopa 


Artsmilsh 


Chaui 


Colchatta 


Ashochimi 


Chawishek 


Colville 


Assinai 


Chehali 


Comanche 


Assiniboin 


Chelamela 


Comeya 


Atfalati 


Chemehuevi 


Concha 


Athapascan 


Chenposel 


Conestoga 


Atsina 


Chepenafa 


Conino 


Attacapaca 


Cheraw 


Conoy 


Attapulga 


Cherokee 


Coos 


Atuamih 


Chetco 


Coosadi 


Aulintac 


Chetemacha 


Copeh 


Avavares 


Cheyenne 


Copehan 


Awani 


Chickahominy 


Coree 


Ayapai 


Chickasaw 


Coshatta 


Ballo Kai Porno 


Chilion 


Costanoan 


Bannock 


Chillicothe 


Cotoname 


Batemdikayi 


ChiUula 


Cowlitz 


Bayu 


Chimakuan 


Coyotero 


Bidai 


Chimakum 


Creek 


Biloxi 


Chimalakwe 


Croatan 


Blackfeet, 1 


Chimariko 


Crow 


Boka 


Chinook 


Cuchan 


BoUano 


Chinookan 


Dakota 


Boluxes 


Chippewa 


Dapishul Porno 


Brule 


Chiricahua 


Daupom 


Buldam Porno 


Chitimacha 


Delaware 


Cacalote 


Choam Chadila Porno 


Diegueiio 


Caddo 


Choctaw 


Digger 


Caddoan 


Chokuyem 


Ditsakana 


Cahokia 


Chowan 


Dwamish 


Cahroc 


Chukaimina 


Eno 


Cahuilla 


Chukchansi 


Erie 


Cakokiam 


Chumash 


Erio 


Calapooya 


Chumashan 


Erussi 


Calispell 


Chumawa 


Eskin 


Calusa 


Chumaya 


Eslen 


Cancon 


Chumidok 


Esselen 


Canee 


Chumtiwa 


Estakewach 


Carankaway 


Chumuch 


Etchemin 


Carquin 


Chumwit 


Eyeish 



United States (Continued) 



320 



Flathead, 2 


Kansa 


Lakmiut 


Fox 


Karankawa 


Lama 


Gaitshim 


Karok 


Lassie 


Gallinomero 


Kaskaskia 


Lenape 


Ganpaw 


Kassovo 


Lepan 


Gohune 


Kastel Porno 


Likatuit 


Gosiute 


Kato Porno 


Lipan 


Gros Ventres 


Kau-i-a 


Liwaito 


Gualala 


Kawaiisu 


Llanero 


Guilito 


Kawia 


Lois el 


Guimen 


Keawah 


Lopolatimne 


Hainai 


Kechi 


Lototen 


Hamtolop 


Keechl 


Luiseiio 


Hantewa 


Kera 


Lutuami 


Haro 


Keresan 


Lutuamian 


Havasupai 


Keyauwee 


Machemni 


Helto 


Kiawetni 


Mahican 


Hettitoya 


Kickapoo 


Maidu 


Hidatsa 


Kikasta 


Makah 


Hitchiti 


Kinkla 


Makhelchel 


Hoak 


Kiowa 


Malaka 


Hoankut 


Kiowa Apache 


Manache 


Hoh 


Kitchigami 


Manahoac 


Hololupai 


Kitchigumiwininiwug 


Mandan 


Hoonsolton 


Kitunahan 


Manhattan 


Hoopah 


Kizh 


Manso 


Hopi 


Klallam 


Mariame 


Hualapai 


Klamath 


Maricopa 


Humawhi 


Klanoh-Klatklam 


Mariposa 


Illinois 


Klikitat 


Mascoutens 


Ilmawi 


Klinquit 


Massachuset 


Iowa 


Koasati 


Massapequa 


Iroquoian 


Kokopa 


Mattabesec 


Iroquois 


Koloma 


Mattasoon 


Iruwai 


Komacho 


Mayayu 


Ititcha 


Konkau 


May eye 


Jemez 


Kootenai 


Mdewakanton 


Jicarilla 


Koroa 


Meherrin 


Jumano 


Korusi 


Melukitz 


Kabinapek 


Kowwasaye 


Menomeni 


Kadohadacho 


Kuito 


Mescalero 


Kahmiltpah 


Kula Kai Porno 


Mesquites 


Kaime 


Kulanapan 


Metoac 


Kaioweh 


Kulmeh 


Mewan 


Kai Porno 


Kulonrnm 


Mewnk 


Kalapooian 


Kusan 


Miami 


Kalispel 


Kwatou 


Michigamea 


Kani 


Laguna 


Mikono tunne 



321 



United States {Continued) 



Mingo 


Netela 


Pamlico 


Miniconj ou 


Newichumni 


Pampopa 


Minitaree 


Nez Perce 


Pampticoke 


Mipacma 


Niantic 


Pamunkey 


Misalamagun 


Nicassiu 


Panamint 


Mishikhwutmetunne 


Nipmuc 


Papago 


Missouri 


Nishinam 


Pascagoula 


Mita, 2 


Nisqualli 


Passamaquoddy 


Mitoam Kai Porno 


Nomlaki 


Pataguo 


Miwok 


Nommuk 


Patawat 


Moctobi 


Norelmuk 


Patuxent 


Modoc 


Normuk 


Patwin 


Mohave 


Norridgewock 


Paupakan 


Mohawk 


Notoanaiti 


Paviotso 


Mohegan 


Nottoway 


Pawnee 


Mokelumni 


Numpali 


Payaya 


Molala 


Occaneechi 


Pekwan 


Monacan 


Ochingita 


Pennacook 


Mono 


Ofogoula 


Penobscot 


Montauk 


Oglala 


Pensacola 


Moquelumnan 


Okanagan 


Peoria 


Moravians 


Oklafalaya 


Pequawket 


Mulluk 


Olamentka 


Pequot 


Munsee 


Olelato 


Piankashaw 


Muruam 


OUa 


Piegan 


Muskhogean 


Olowidok 


Pima 


Muskoki 


Olowit 


Piman 


Nabadach 


Olowiya 


Pinal Coyotero 


Nachi 


Olposel 


Pinaleno 


Nacogdoche 


Olumpali 


Piro 


Nacono 


Omaha 


Pisquou 


Nadiisha-dena 


Oneida 


Pitkachi 


Nakum 


Onondaga 


Plains Indians 


Naltunne tunne 


Oohenonpa 


Poam Pomo 


Nandako 


Opelousa 


Pohallin Tinleh 


Nansemond 


Orejones, 1 


Ponca 


Nanticoke 


OrejoneSj 2 


Potawatomi 


Napa 


Osage 


Potomac 


Narraganset 


Otaki 


Powhatan 


Nashua 


Otoe 


Pueblo 


Nasoni 


Pacao 


Pujunan 


Natchesan 


Pachalaque 


Pusuna 


Natchitoch 


Pah-Vant 


Puyallup 


Nauset 


Paiute 


Qahatika 


Navajo 


Palaihnihan 


Quapaw 


Neche 


Palaik 


Querecho 


Nehalim 


Paloos 


Quigyuma 


Nestucca 


Pamaque 


Quileute 



United States (Continued) 



322 



Quinaielt 


Siksika 


Texas 


Quinnipiac 


Simaomo 


Tigua 


Quoratean 


Sinkiuse 


Tillamook 


Qwinctunnetun 


Siouan 


Timucua 


Rappahannock 


Sisseton 


Timucuan 


Raritan 


Siuslaw 


Tinlinneh 


Rikwa 


Skagit 


Tisechu 


Rumsen 


Skidi 


Tishum 


Saiaz 


Skilloot 


Tlakliut 


Sakaiakumni 


Skinpah 


Toamtcha 


Salinan 


Skitswish 


Tobikhar 


Salish 


Skokomish 


Todetabi 


Salishan 


Sobaipuri 


Tolowa 


Samish 


Sokoa 


Tonika 


Sana 


Sokoki 


Tonkawa 


San Felipe 


Sonomi 


Topaidisel 


San Poel 


Southern Ute 


Tosikoyo 


Santa Ana 


Spokan 


Toto 


Santee, 1 


Squamscott 


Tubatulabal 


Santee, 2 


Stockbridges 


Tukuarika 


Santiam 


Sugon 


Tulare 


Saone 


Suma 


Tulomo 


Saponi 


Susquehanna 


Tumidok 


Saturiba 


Tacame 


Tumun 


Saugehan 


Tachi, 1 


Tuscarora 


Sauk 


Tachi, 2 


Tutelo 


Sawakhtu 


Taensa 


Tututni 


Secotan 


Tahahteen 


Twana 


Secowocomoco 


Taitchida 


Tyigh 


Seminole 


Takelma 


Uchean 


Seneca 


Takhtam 


Umatilla 


Seroushamne 


Talatui 


Umpqua 


Serrano 


Tamal 


Ustoma 


Sewee 


Tamaroa 


Utchium 


Shahaptian 


Tamique 


Ute 


Shakori 


Tamoleka 


Waccamaw 


Shasta 


Tano 


Waco 


Shastan 


Tanoan 


Wahkiakum 


Shawnee 


Tao, 2 


Waiilatpuan 


Shinnecook 


Tatu 


Waikenmuk 


Shodo Kai Pomo 


Tawakoni 


Waikosel 


Shoshonean 


Tawehash 


Wailaki 


Shoshoni 


Tceme 


Wailaksel 


Sia 


Tcetlestcan 


Walakumni 


Siaguan 


Tehua 


Walapai 


Siako 


Tenaino 


Wallawalla 


Sihasapa 


Teton Sioux 


Wampanoag 


Sij ame 


Tewa 


Wappinger 



323 




Venezuela 


Wapumni 


Wiksachi 


Yanktonai 


Waranawonkong 


Willapa 


Yatasi 


Wasco 


Wima 


Yavapai 


Washaki 


Winnebago 


Yazoo 


Washo 


Wintun 


Yokaya Porno 


Wateree 


Wishosk 


Yokut 


Watlala 


Wiyot 


Yonkalla 


Waxhaw 


Woccon 


Yscanis 


Wecquaesgeek 


Xarame 


Yuba 


Weeyot 


Yaketahnoklatakma- 


Yuchi 


Wenrohronon 


kanay 


Yuki 


Wewenoc 


Yakima 


Yukian 


Whilapah 


Yakon 


Yukol 


White Mountain 


Yakonan 


Yuloni 


Apache 


Yamacraw 


Yuma 


Wichikik 


Yamasee 


Yuman 


Wichita 


Yamil 


Yurok 


Wihinasht 


Yana 


Yusal Pomo 


Wikchumni 


Yankton 

URUGUAY 


Zuiii 


Chanes, 1 


Guenoa 


Minuane 


Charrua 


Kasigua 


Tape 


Gauchos 


Martindane 


Yaro 


Guarani, 1 








VENEZUELA 


\ 


Adole 


Goaj ira 


Palenque 


Anibali 


Guaharibo 


Parauhano 


Arinagoto 


Guahibo 


Pareca 


Aturia 


Guaiqueri 


Pariagoto 


Avane 


Guaranacuazana 


Piritu 


Avarigoto 


Guarauno 


Quadu 


Caquetio 


Guarive 


Quaqua 


Carabisi 


Guayno 


Quilifaye 


Caracas 


Guinau 


Quiri-Quiripa 


Caribs 


Jaruri 


Quiva 


Cariniaco 


Maco, 2 


Saliva 


Cavere 


Macusi 


Tamanac 


Chacopata 


Maipure 


Timote 


Chayma 


Makirifare 


Tiverigoto 


Chirigoto 


Maquiritare 


Tshaima 


Chirupa 


Mawakwa 


Tuapoca 


Cuccivero 


Motilone, 1 


Vayamano 


Cumanagoto 


Onote 


Woyowai 


Cunaguara 


Otomaco 





MAPS 
I. 

AFRICA 



B 



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G 



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SCALE or MILE9 



lOU 200 300 liJU 500 600 700 SOO 900 1000 

REFERENCE 



Bi-itish 




French 




Italian 





Portuguese 

Spanish 

Belgian 

Former German J Under British Control 

Colonies ^Uoder Freoeh Control 

Hammond's S i 11 Map of Africa 
Copiright-bj C.S.^amiDOnd & Co.N.T. 




.k 



Sivakopmundi^", ^ ,r^ | -PIUiJ'ECrO 

1 AFKICA'X J° ^SeilT 

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-zbur^ / 



a^Mananjai 



\. . fFt.Dauphjb 



v.. ♦1 *^ Pulpcliiiro . 'V ^ 



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PHAVA 1 SENEGAL 



CAPE VEKDE IS, I '^' p«..r D 

I BCLi2IiS#5& i 



(Tf Purttigal) 

ame scale a6.iar^p map 



lO'LongitudeD ^P^ East E trom 30° K Green-mch 10° 






10' 



II. 

ASIA 



III. 

EUROPE 



IV. 
NORTH AMERICA 




NORTH AMERICA 



SCALE OF MILES 
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 



C.S.HAMMONO 4 CO., 



108° Loogitnde JC West 100' from !_, Greenwich 9: 



V. 

OCEANIA 
AND THE PACIFIC ISLANDS 







% 












^^^..y^ll 



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Monday International Date Line"^ 
t5 ^ Sundau 






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a; international PateJJne^ Monday 




VI. 
SOUTH AMERICA 




Demco, Inc. 38-293 



■ '*^*^^*^*^^y^- 




GNU 14 



, -, 5002 00212 5297 

Leyburn, James Graham. 
Handbook of ethnography. 



CLAPR 



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